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UPSC and State PSC Prelims Exam Indian History Question Bank

Q.1) in the context of the Indian history, ‘cartaz’ system refers to?

a) Portuguese introduced this system for the purpose of political activity in India

b) System refers to the permission for other European companies can do the trade with India

c) Anyone who passes the Portuguese territories must buy permits otherwise they supposed to be captured

d) This system responsible for spread the Christianity in India and Asia

Solution (c)

Q.2) Consider the following statements

1. Serampore Mission was founded by William Carey, and it is the India’s first Christian missionary organization.

2. Serampore Trio worked many years for the upliftment of Bengal society in educational, social and religious movement.

3. The first Catholic Church was built in Serampore 1800.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 and 2

b) 2 and 3

c) 1, 2 and 3

d) All of the above

Solution (a)

Q.3) Consider the Following statement about the Mahalwari System?

1. It was introduced in Central provinces, NWFP, Agra, and Punjab

2. It was introduced by William Bentick.

3. It declares 10/11 for the British and 1/11 as the revenue for farmers

4. It made village committee as the responsible for collection of taxes

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 and 4 Only

b) 2 and 3 Only

c) 1 and 3 Only

d) 1, 2 and 4

Solution (d)

Q.4) which of the following were the causes of ‘The Battle of Buxar’?

1. Abolition of all duties on internal trade of British

2. Bringing the people of India together to fight against the supremacy of the British

3. Dastak misused by the British which challenged the Nawab authority.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

a) 1 and 2 Only

b) 2 and 3Only

c) 1 and 3 Only

d) All of the above

Solution (c)

Q.5) Consider the Following statements regarding ‘Doctrine of Lapse ‘?

 1. It is a policy to expand British territory in India on the basis of pre- imperialistic approach.

 2. According to this policy state must be hand over to British, if they have no heir or ruler.

 3. Adoptions of child were not accepted for heir.

 4. Continuation of the titles and pension for the kings.

Which of the above statements are correct?

a) 1 and 4 Only

b) 2 and 3 Only

c) 1 and 4 Only

d) 1, 2 and 3

 Solution (d)

Q.6)  which among the following changes were brought in the army after the revolt of 1857?

1. The proportion of Europeans to Indians in the army was decreased.

2. Communal, tribal and regional loyalties were encouraged amongst the soldiers.

3. Indians were excluded from the officer corps.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1 and 2 Only

b) 1 and 3 Only

c) 2 and 3 Only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (c)

Q.7) consider the following statements regarding the Charter Act of 1833

1. It made the Governor-General of Bengal as the Governor-General of India.

2. It provided the legislative powers to the Bombay and Madras presidencies.

3. It Introduced an Open Competition system of selection and recruitment of civil servants.

Which of the statement given above is/are correct?

a) 1 Only

b) 1 and 2 Only

c) 2 and 3 Only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (b)

Q.8) The Carnatic wars (1740-1763) were fought between which of the following European powers?

a) Dutch and Portuguese

b) English and French

c) French and Dutch

d) English and Dutch

Solution (b)

Q.9) With reference to Indian press, consider the following statements:

1. Charles Metcalfe was the first governor general to place restrictions on the press in India.

2. Vernacular Press Act in 1878 put restrictions on the freedom on both English and Indian language newspapers.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 Only

b) 2 Only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution (d)

Q.10) Consider the following statements regarding The Indian Council Act of 1909:

1. Another name of the Indian Council Act of 1909 is Minto-Morley reforms.

2. It introduces the parliamentary form of government in India.

3. It enlarged the deliberative functions for the association of Indian Councils; members were not allowed to ask supplementary questions.

Which of the statement given above is/are correct?

a) 1 Only

b) 1 and 2 Only

c) 2 and 3 Only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (b)

Q.11) which of the following was/were reasons for the failure of the Revolt of 1857?

1. Limited territorial base

2. Lack of resources

3. Lack of a central and coordinated leadership

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1, 2 and 3

b) 3 Only

c) 1 and 2 Only

d) 2 and 3 Only

Solution (a)

Q.12) In the context of Lord Macaulay’s Education Policy, 1835, which of the below statement is/are not correct?

a) It is the attempt by the British to create a system of education for the upper class.

b) Abolished the Persian language in the court and introduced English as the court language.

c) Engineering institute was established at Pusa (Bihar).

d) Printing of English book was free and available for the low cost.

Solution (c)

Q.13) which among the following were the economic impacts of British rule in India?

1. Deindustrialization

2. Deterioration of agriculture

3. Rise of bourgeoisie class in India

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 1 and 3 Only

c) 2 and 3 Only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (d)

Q.14) Which of the following was / were recommendations of the Saddler Commission?

1. Creation of Boards of Secondary Education in the Provinces

2. Making Education a Provincial subject

3. Separation of secondary education from University education

4. Establishment of university Grants Commission

Select the correct statements from the codes given below:

a) 1, 2 and 3 Only

b) 2, 3 and 4 Only

c) 1 and 2 Only

d) 1 and 3 Only

Solution (a)

Q.15) Consider the following pairs:

Europeans Centre of Influence

1. 1. French Chandernagore

2. 2. Portuguese Goa

3. 3. Dutch Pulicat

Which of the pairs given above are correctly matched?

a) 1and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 Only

c) 1 and 3 Only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (d)

Q.16) With reference to Permanent Settlement System, consider the following statements:

1. It recognized zamindars as the owner of the land.

2. The revenue settled was revised every 20-30 years.

3. It was introduced in Orissa, Bengal and Bihar.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

a) 1and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 Only

c) 1 and 3 Only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (c)

Q.17) which of the following act of British also known as Anarchical and Revolutionary Crimes Act of 1919?

a) The Press Act of 1910 AD

b) Multi- fanged Defense of Indian Rules 1915 AD

c) Indian Criminal Law Amendment Act 1908 AD

d) Rowlatt Act 1919 AD

Solution (d)

Q.18) Assertion (A): Pitt’s India Act of 1784 distinguished between the commercial and political functions of the British East India Company.

Reason (R): Pitt’s India Act of 1784 allowed the Court of Directors to manage the commercial affairs but created a new body called Board of Control to manage the political affairs. Thus, it established a system of double government.

Select the code from following:

a) Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A

b) Both A and R are true but R is not a correct explanation of A

c) A is true but R is false

d) Both A & R is not true

Solution (a)

Q.19) under which reform/act, non-official majority was introduced in the provincial legislative councils?

a) Montague-Chelmsford reforms

b) Indian Councils Act, 1861

c) Government of India Act of 1935.

d) Morley-Minto reforms

Solution (d)

Q.20) which of the following initiatives taken by British contributed to the spread of communalism in India?

1. Partition of Bengal, 1905

2. McDonald Award, 1932

3. Indian Councils Act, 1909

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

a) 1and 2 only

b) 1 and 3 Only

c) 2 and 3 Only

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution (d)

Modern History of India Study Notes With MCQ

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HISTORY OF MODERN INDIA

  • Maratha’s Administration
  • Peshwas and their administration
  • European powers
  • Chronological order of European powers in India
  • East India Company
  • Important Governor General and their contribution
  • British rule impact on India
  • Social and cultural developments/Awakening
  • Reform movements In detail
  • Founders and their contribution
  • Books
  • 1857 Revolt
  • Freedom Struggle
  • Formation of INC.
  • Moderates and Extremist
  • Partition Role of Bengal/Surat Split
  • Muslim league
  • Lucknow pact
  • Minto Morley/Montagu Chelmsford
  • Gandhian Era
  • Non Cooperation Movement
  • Civil dis-obedience movement
  • Gandhi – Irwin Pact
  • August Offer
  • Quit India Movement
  • Cripps mission
  • Cabinet Committee
  • Partition
  • MCQ

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History of India Study Notes with Practice MCQ part-1

Medieval History of India

India between 750-1200 AD

 The Medieval period is an important period in the history of India, because of the developments in the fields of arts, languages, culture and religion. The period witnessed the impact of other religions on Indian culture. This period is also referred to as the Postclassical Era.

The Medieval period lasted from the 8th to the 18th century CE with the early medieval period from the 8th to the 13th century, and the late medieval period from the 13th to the 18th century.

The early medieval period witnessed wars amongst the regional kingdoms from North and South India, whereas the late medieval period saw a number of invasions by the Mughals, Afghans and the Turks.

By the end of the fifteenth century, European traders started doing trade with India and around the mid-eighteenth century, they became a political force in India marking the end of the medieval period.

About 20 kingdoms succeeded in extending their sovereignty beyond a single mega region.  Two thirds of these were ruled by Hindu dynasties, but the most durable of these imperial states was the Muslim Mughal Empire, from about the middle of Akbar’s reign, around l580, to the reign of Muhammad Shah in 1730.

Dominance in more than one region by almost all of these states was usually the accomplishment of a single ruler, a great conquering warrior like Pulakesin II of the seventh century Chalukyan kingdom or the mid-tenth century Krishna-II of the Rashtrakutas, both of the Deccan.

There were numerous smaller kingdoms, the scale of whose authority was far more limited, but whose duration could nevertheless be considerable.  From inscriptions and literary sources we get information on over 40 royal dynasties who endured for a period in the mega regions.

The chronicles of temples, royal genealogical texts, and oral traditions tell of wealthy kings and local chiefs who attempted to achieve royal status.

The existence of so many rulers tells us that the early medieval period witnessed the emergence of new state forms, compared to the late Vedic and classical periods.  There is, however, little agreement among historians about the character of these states and their form.

Major dynasties of medieval time

1. The Pallavas

The Pallavas ruled in southern India, incorporating the modern regions of Andhra Pradesh, northern Tamil Nadu, and parts of southern Karnataka. Later on, they conquered vast areas of the sub-continent, expanding across much of it into what is now Afghanistan during the reigns of Dharmapala and Devapala.

The origins of the Pallavas have always been an issue of speculation. There have been claims that they were the former governors of the Satvahanas, while some claim they descend from the Cholas. In truth, they probably benefited from the collapse of both powers and emerged following their fall. There is also one theory which states that ‘Pallava’ is an adulteration of the word ‘Pahlava’ for the Parthians of Central Asia and Iran. In Sanskrit the word ‘Pallava’ actually means a ‘twig’ and their Tamil lineage is, by and large, accepted by all.

The Pallava rule can be categorised as early Pallava rule, up to around AD 550 and the arrival on the scene of Simhavishnu, their great king; and ‘Later Pallava Rule’, from Simhavishnu onwards.

The Pallavas gained prominence after the decline of the Satvahanas and the Cholas, as they gained a foothold in the territories of both former powers.

Later Pallavas

King Simhavishnu reigned around AD 550 (a reign of thirty-plus years), beginning the Pallava revival that defeated the Kalabhras. He recreated a strong Pallava kingdom by subduing many kings in the south (such as the Cheras, Cholas, the now-subdued Kalabhras, and the Pandyas). His kingdom extended beyond Kanchi, to as far as the River Kaveri).

Through his naval expeditions he subdued Malaya (Indo-Chin(a)and Sri Lanka.

Simhavishnu patronised literature and poetry. He was said to be a patron of the great Sanskrit poet, Bharavi, and was a Vaishnavite Hindu by religion.

Later, Mahendravarman warded off an attack on Kanchipuram by the Chalukya king Pulakeshin-II, though he had to cede areas of Vengi Province to the Chalukyas.

Pulakeshin II of the Badami Chalukyas conquered the eastern Deccan, taking territory corresponding to the coastal districts of the Vishnukundins kingdom, as well as territory from the Pallavas. He appointed his brother, Kubja Vishnuvardhana, as the viceroy whilst also conquering the Cheras and Cholas in the south.

The kingdoms of the south, the Cheras, Cholas and Pallavas, subsequently teamed up to form a coalition to defeat the Chalukyas, but that attempt ended in defeat.

Narasimhavarman I defeated the Chalukyas under Pulakeshin- II and wrests back the territories lost by his father. He also attacked and plundered Vatapi (Badami), the capital of the Chalukyas, killing Pulakeshin- II in the process.

He later subdued the Cholas and the Cheras, and was said to help the Ceylonese prince, Manavamma, in gaining his kingdom.

During the reign of Mahendravarman II, King Manavarma of Ceylon was deposed and driven into exile, going to the Pallava court. Mahendravarman was later killed in a collective attack by the Chalukyas, the Gangas and the Pandyas.

As soon as he gained the throne, Parameshvaravarman continued fighting the Chalukyas under the leadership of Vikramaditya- I. He captured Kanchi and advances south to the River Kaveri. In 674 he fights the Battle of Peruvalanallur, near Trichinopoly, and is victorious despite facing a huge coalition.

Parameshvaravarman occupied the Chalukyan territories from which he withdraws only after the Chalukyan rulers agree to pay a yearly tribute and accept Pallava overlordship, but not before the occupation army annihilates several Chalukyan princes, nobles and citizens. This victory enables the Pallavas to assert their hegemony over the subcontinent.

At his accession, Narasimhavarman was the ruler of the most powerful military force in the subcontinent. Rajasimha was a great militarist, exchanged ambassadors with China, and offered certain rulers assistance in their war against the Arabs. His reign was comparatively free from any political disturbance, so great progress was made in the direction of temple building.

The reign of Parameshvaravarman II signaled the turn of the tide in Pallava fortunes. Kanchi was invaded by the Chalukyas and Parameshvaravarman had to surrender and accept humiliating conditions. He attacked the Chalukyas but was defeated and killed, dying without an heir.

A war of succession was avoided as military leaders (danda nayakas), scholars, and representatives of the merchant class and the peasantry formed an entourage and undertakes ‘a long journey’ to reach the kingdom of Kambujadesa (modern Cambodia and Vietnam).

  • They were ruled by a certain Kadavesa Hari Varma, who was a sixth generation descendant of Bhimavarman, brother of the great Simhavishnu.
  • Of his sons, only the youngest, Nandivarman, accepted his request to return to the Deccan to govern the Pallava kingdom as successor to the deceased Parameshvaravarman.
  • During the absence of a ruler in the Deccan, the Pallava’s regional enemies had mobilised as if they were about to invade but, as the Pallavas waited and watched, nothing occurred.

The awaited Chalukya invasion took place later, with Vikramaditya II occupying Kanchi. The Pallavas soon recovered, having to fight the Cholas, Pandyas and Gangas in quick succession (with the Cheras as allies at least against the Pandyas).

During the reign of Dantivarman, the kingdom was in noticeable decline. The Pandyas and the Rashtrakutas defeated the Pallavas under his command. His successor, Nandivarman III, tried to regain the lost glory of the Pallavas but was also defeated by the Pandyas, who became the new enemy to be feared by the weakening Pallavas.

Nandivarman was a powerful monarch who tried to reverse the Pallava decline. He made an alliance with the Rashtrakutas and the Gangas, and defeated the Pandyas at Thellar, near Kanchi. He then pursued the retreating Pandyan army. The Pandyan ruler, Srimara Shrivallabh, however, recovered most of his territories and even defeated the Pallavas at Kumbakonam.

Upon Nandivarman’s death, differences arose between Nripatunga and his step-brother, Aparajita, probably owing to the latter’s ambition to rule the kingdom in his own right. Both sides looked for allies and for the time being, it was Nripatunga who ruled the kingdom. Nripatunga managed to turn the tables on the Pandyas and inflicted a defeat on them under their king, Srimara Shrivallabh, as one last salve to Pallava pride.

Practice Question Answer

History MCQ for IAS and State Prelims Exam

Q. 1 Consider the following statement about Harappan Agriculture system:

1.  The bull was known to the people of Harappan Civilization

2.  Evidence of plough field has been found at Harappan sites

3.  Harappan agriculture was dependent on monsoon and no irrigation facility was required

Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)Only 1 and 2

(b)Only 2 and 3

(c)All 1, 2 and 3

(d)Only 1 and 3

Q. 2 Consider the following statement about Harappan culture:

1.  Harappans did not believe in life after death

2.  Harappan civilization was a classless society

Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)Only 1

(b)Both 1 and 2

(c)Only 2

(d)None of the above

Q. 3 Consider the following about Mauryan Empire:

1.  There was a uniform administrative system throughout the length and breadth of the Mauryan Empire

2.  Asoka used the message of dhamma as a political tool to keep the large Mauryan Empire together

 Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)Only 1

(b)Both 1 and 2

(c)Only 2

(d)None of the above

Q. 4 Consider the following statement about Ashokan edict:

1.  Asoka was the first ruler to speak directly to his people through the inscriptions

2.  They are found only in India

3.  The inscription was written in Brahmi script, Kharoshti script and Greek script

Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)Only 1 and 2

(b)Only 2 and 3

(c)All 1, 2 and 3

(d)Only 1 and 3

Q. 5 Which of the following are sites of Mesolithic Period?

1.  Langhnaj in Gujarat

2.  Bhimbetka and Adamgarh in Madhya Pradesh

3.  Bagor in Rajasthan

Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)Only 2

(b)Only 1 and 3

(c)All 1, 2 and 3

(d)Only 2 and 3

Q. 6 The rigidity of Varna system was maintained by Brahmans by following which of these strategies:

1.  They asserted that Varna order was of divine origin

2.  They advised kings to ensure that the system is followed in his kingdom

3.  The system was reinforced by the stories told in religious text

Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)Only 1 and 2

(b)Only 2

(c)Only 1

(d)All 1, 2 and 3

Q.7 Consider the following about Jain Philosophy:

1.  The principle of Ahimsa is derived from the Jain Philosophy

2.  Jain did not believe in the cycle of birth and death based on Karma

 Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)Only 1

(b)Both 1 and 2

(c)Only 2

(d)None of the above

Q. 8 Consider the following statement about Buddha’s teaching

1. The Buddha regarded the social world as the creation of humans rather than of divine origin

2. Buddha emphasized on the individual agency to attain Nirvana

Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)Only 1

(b)Both 1 and 2

(c)Only 2

(d)None of the above

Q.9 Arrange the following in increasing order of hierarchy of administrative unit during Gupta period

1.  Bhuktis

2.  Vithis

3.  Vishaya

4.  Village

Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)1324

(b)3214

(c)1234

(d)3124

Q. 10 Consider the following about the status of women in Gupta period

1.  Women of higher Varna were free to earn a livelihood but not the women of lower Varna.

2.  Women of higher Varna were free to live an independent life without male subordination.

Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)Only 1

(b)Both 1 and 2

(c)Only 2

(d)None of the above

Q. 11 Which of the following Indian states have their own Flag?

1.  Sikkim

2.  Jammu and Kashmir

3.  Nagaland

4.  Mizoram

 Choose the correct answer from the following code:

(a)1 and 2 Only

(b)2 and 3 only

(c)1 Only

(d)2 only

 Q. 12 Consider the following statements:

1.  Black Carbon particles strongly absorb solar and terrestrial radiation and heat up the atmosphere and it can upset the monsoon system.

2.  Brown Carbon is also known as organic carbon and it comes from complex organic reactions in the airborne atmospheric particles.

Which of the above statements is/are true?

(a)1 Only

(b)2 Only

(c)Both 1 and 2

(d)Neither 1 nor 2

Q. 13 Which of the following state has become the first in the country to operationalise a law that makes the social audit of government programs and schemes a part of government practice?

(a)Meghalaya

(b)Telangana

(c)Kerala

(d)Sikkim

14 Project MIDAS is associated with which of the following:

(a)It aims to deploy artificial reefs in Gulf of Mannar to save the sinking islands due to sea level rise and climate change

(b)It is a U.K.-based Antarctic research project that has been looking at the ice shelf for many years

(c)The project aims to develop a cost-effective forecast system using satellite-monitoring, collecting water samples and using special sensors to measure bacterial and chemical pollution in rivers

(d)The project aims to control desertification by involving local communities

15 Which of the following islands had recently imposed a Garbage emergency?

(a)Borneo

(b)New Guinea

(c)Bali

(d)Sumatra

Answer Key 1-a, 2-d, 3-c, 4-d, 5-c, 6-d, 7-a, 8-b, 9-a, 10-d, 11-d, 12-c, 13-a, 14-b, 15-c.

IAS PRELIMS REVISION TEST-HISTORY

1) Which of the following is/are correct about Hampi?

  1. It is located in Krishna-Cauvery basin
  2. It was the capital of Vijayanagara empire
  3. Cementing agent was excessively used by the kings for forts
  4. It is a part of HRIDAY programme
  5. a) Only 2
  6. b) Only 1, 2 and 3
  7. c) Only 1 and 2
  8. d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution: a

2) Consider the following statement

  1. The songs compilations of Nayanars are Tevaramand tiruvakam
  2. Andal is a famous woman Nayanar saint

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Both 1 and 2
  4. d) Neither 1 nor 2

              Solution: a 

 3) Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Sikhism has influences of Bhakti tradition
  2. It is a syncretic religion
  3. Guru Arjan gave it a militaristic outlook
  4. a) Only 1
  5. b) Only 2 and 3
  6. c) Only 1 and 2
  7. d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution: c

4) Which of the following is/are NOT correct ?

  1. Lilatilakam a 14thcentury text dealt with grammar and politics
  2. It was composed in manipravalamlanguage
  3. Manipravalamwas a mixture of Sanskrit and tamil

Select the correct answer using codes below

  1. a) Only 1 and 2
  2. b) Only 2 and 3
  3. c) Only 3
  4. d) Only 1 and 3

               Solution: c

5) Jagannatha temple at Puri is a pilgrimage centre today. Which of the following is/are correct about it?

  1. It is a based on Vaishnavite cult
  2. The deity has a tribal inspiration
  3. The temple was built by King Anangabhima III

Select the correct answer using the code below.

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2 and 3
  3. c) Only 1 and 2
  4. d) 1, 2 and 3

              Solution: c

  1. Which of the following is NOT correct about Kathak?
  2. a) It is hugely influenced by Bhakti movement
  3. b) It is a dance form which narrates stories
  4. c) It was disallowed in Mughal courts
  5. d) It is one of the Classical dances today

  Solution: c

7) Which of the following is/are responsible for the downfall of Hindu states during medieval India?

  1. Lack of unity among them.
  2. Outdated military methods used by them.
  3. Work division based on Varna system.
  4. a) Only 2
  5. b) Only 1 and 2
  6. c) 1, 2 and 3
  7. d) Only 1 and 3

  Solution: c

8) Consider the following statements

  1. Iltumish patronized the great scholar Hasan Nizami
  2. Qutbuddin Aibak was called Lakh Bakshby the Muslim writer

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Both 1 and 2
  4. d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: b

  1. Who was the first Sultan to impose irrigation tax?
  1. Match the following

a) Muhammad bin Tughlaq

b) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

c) Allauddin Khilji

d) Iltumish

Solution: b                                                                                 

  1. Ariz-i-mumalikheaded the military department under the Delhi Sultana technology.

Which of the following is /are correct about him?

  1. He was responsible for recruiting the soldiers and administering the military department.
  2. He was commander in chief of the Army

Select the correct answers using code below

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Both 1 and 2
  4. d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: a

11)Which of the following is /are correct about Jiziya?

  1. Jiziyawas not a separate tax since beginning under Muslim rule
  2. At times Brahmins were exempted from paying Jiziya
  3. Firoz Tughlaq made it a part of Land Tax

Select the correct answers using the codes below

  1. a) Only 1 and 2
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Only 2 and 3
  4. d) Only 1

Solution: a

 12) Consider the following statements

  1. Tughlaq   architecture combined both arch and dome features
  2. They mostly used red sand stone for their building.
  3. Muhammad bin Tughlaq built the city Tughlaqabad.

Which of the above statements is /are NOT correct?

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Only 2 and 3
  4. d) Only 3

Solution: c

  1. Which of the following is NOT correct about Vishishtadvaitaphilosophy propounded by Ramanujacharya?

a) God is a Saguna Brahman

b) Self-surrender to God is the way to achieve him

c) Soul and matter are not Real

d) His philosophy was rooted in Vaishnavism

Solution:c

14) Which of the following is/are feature/features of Swadeshi movement?

  1. Emphasis on self-reliance
  2. Extensive participation of the peasantry
  3. Cultural revivalism

a) Only 3

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only 1 and 3

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution: c

15) Consider the following statements

  1. The first session of Indian National Congress was presided by W.C Banerjee.
  2. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay addressed the session in 1885

Which of the above statement is/are NOT correct?

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Both 1 and 2
  4. d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: b

  1. Who started the newspaper Al Hilal?

a) Maulana Azad

b) Mohammmad Ali

c) Hasrat Mohani

d) Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Solution: a

 17) Which of the following was/were a part of Vivekananda’s ideas ?

  1. Fundamental oneness of God.
  2. Social action along with knowledge.
  3. Usage of Modern science and technology for the development of the nation

a) Only 1 and 2

b) Only 2

c) Only 1 and 3

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution: d

18) Consider the following statements

  1. Servants of Indian Society were founded by Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
  2. Sudharakwas the periodical which projected the views of the Society
  3. Gopal Ganesh Aaykar started the periodical Sudharak

Which of the above statements is /are correct?

  1. a) Only 1 and 3
  2. b) 1,2 and 3
  3. c) Only 1 and 2
  4. d) Only 1

Solution: a

 19) Which of the following statements is/are correct ?

  1. Social service league was founded by Narayan Malhar Joshi
  2. He was one of the founding members of All India Trade Union Congress.

Select the correct answer using the code below

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Both 1 and 2
  4. d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c

Women’s Organisations                                                     Founder

  1. Bharat Stree Mahamandal                                  Mehribai Tata
  2. Bharat Mahila Parishad                                      Sarala Devi Chaudhurani
  3. Arya Mahila Samaj                                             Pandita Ramabai
  4. National Council of women in India           Ramabai Ranade

1             2            3            4

  1. a) D          B           C           A
  2. b) B            D          C            A
  3. c) B            D          A            C
  4. d) D           B          A            C

Solution: b

 21) Which of the following ideas was/were supported by Dayanand Saraswati?

  1. A classless and casteless society
  2. Vedic nation of Chaturvana system
  3. Infallibility of Vedas and Puranas

1.a) Only 2 and 3

b) Only 2

c) 1,2 and 3

d) Only 1 and 2

 Solution: d

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