Gaganyaan

India’s first manned space flight – Gaganyaan – is expected to send three persons into the space for seven days and the spacecraft will be placed in a low earth orbit of 300-400 km.

ISRO and Roscosmos (Russia’s federal space agency) have agreed to worked together for India’s first manned space mission Gaganyaan.

Key Points:

  1. India will launch its second lunar mission on January 3 next year which will land on the moon with a lander and rover.
  2. ISRO conducted its first pad abort‘test that was successful.
  3. The pad abort‘ test or Crew Escape System is an emergency escape measure that helps pull the crew away from the launch vehicle when a mission has to be aborted.
  4. The crew will be selected by Indian Air Force (IAF) and ISRO jointly after which they will undergo training for two-three years.
  5. It will conduct microgravity experiment during the mission.
  6. India will become fourth nation in the world after the United States, Russia and China to send astronaut into space
  7. Former Indian Air Force (IAF) pilot Rakesh Sharma was first Indian to travel to space.
  8. He was part of the Soviet Union‘s Soyuz T-11 expedition, launched in 1984, as part of the Intercosmos programme.

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