India & World Geography

UPSC PSC SSC EXAMS India & World Geography

Countries Which Passes Through Tropic of Cancer, Capricorn, Equator, Prime Meridian


Geography of India-IAS Prelims 2019 

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The Himalayas are the highest and the youngest fold mountain ranges of the world. Their geological structure is young, weak and flexible since the Himalayan uplift is an ongoing process, making them one of the highest earthquake-prone regions of the world.

Formation of Himalayas

The Himalayas are believed to have formed over 50 million years ago with the collision of the Indian plate with the Eurasian plate. The Indian plate slid below the Eurasian plate, due to its density being higher, and in the process crumbling and buckling up the Eurasian plate into the various mountain ranges that are now apart of the Himalayas.

Ranges of Himalayas

The Himalayas are a series of parallel mountain ranges extending along the North-West to the South-East direction (known as the Strike of the Himalayas). These ranges are separated by longitudinal valleys. They include,

Trans Himalayas

Greater Himalayas 

Lesser Himalayas or the Himachal


Apart from these ranges, Himalayas are also divided on the basis of the regions in which they are found.

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