OPERATION GREENS

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OPERATION GREENS

Recently, a new Scheme “Operation Greens” was announced on the line of “Operation Flood”, with an outlay of Rs.500 crore to promote Farmer Producers Organizations (FPOs), agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management. Accordingly, the Ministry has formulated a scheme for integrated development of ‘Tomato, Onion and Potato’ (TOP) value chain. 

Objectives:

  • Enhancing value realisation of TOP farmers by targeted interventions to strengthen TOP production clusters and their FPOs, and linking/connecting them with the market.
  • Price stabilisation for producers and consumers by proper production planning in the TOP clusters and introduction of dual use varieties.
  • Setting up of a market intelligence network to collect and collate real time data on demand and supply and price of TOP crops.

Strategies:

The scheme will have two-pronged strategy of Price stabilisation measures (for short term) and integrated value chain development projects (for long term). 

HIV/AIDS ACT

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HIV/AIDS ACT

  • The Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (Prevention and Control) Act, 2017, came into force on September 10, 2018. It aims to prevent and control the spread of HIV and AIDS in the country and provides for penalties for discrimination against those affected by the virus
  • The Act, safeguards the rights of people living with HIV and affected by HIV.
  • Grounds on which discrimination against HIV positive persons and those living with them is prohibited:-

These include the denial, termination, discontinuation or unfair treatment with regard to:-

 (i) Employment,

 (ii) Educational establishments,

(iii) Health care services,

 (iv) Residing or renting property,

(v) Standing for public or private office, and

(vi) Provision of insurance (unless based on actuarial studies).

The requirement for HIV testing as a pre-requisite for obtaining employment or accessing health care or education is also prohibited

Rights of a infected person as per the Act: –

  1. Every person below the age of 18 years has the right to reside in a shared household and enjoy the facilities of the household.
  2. Prohibits any individual from publishing information or advocating feelings of hatred against HIV positive persons and those living with them.
  3. Family or guardian of a person below the 18 years of age to be applicable in the matters relating to admission to educational establishments, operating bank accounts, managing property, care and treatment, amongst others.
ST Status to the Six Communities of the Assam. Government has given approval to grant ST status to six communities of Assam namely:- Tai Ahom, Koch Rajbongshi, Chutia, Tea Tribes, Moran and Matak. The Government also provides full safeguards to protect the interests, rights & privileges of existing Scheduled Tribes of Assam. A separate Bill will be brought to grant ST status to Bodo Kacharis in Hill districts of Assam and Karbis in the rest of Assam.
  • Every person in the care and custody of the state shall have right to HIV prevention, testing, treatment and counselling services.

Nari-Portal

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Nari-Portal

  • Union Minister for Women and Child Development launched a web portal, NARI (National Repository of Information for Women), which will provide information on all government schemes for women.
  • Users can log on to http://www.nari.nic.into access information on different programmes offered by various state governments as well as the Centre.
  • The NARI portal carries details on 350 different schemes for women.
  • The schemes are divided into seven different categories — education, health, employment, housing and shelter, addressing violence, decision making and social support.
  • In this Portal Website for NGOs called e-SAMVAD, an interactive portal allowing NGOs to contact the ministry and share their feedback, suggestions grievances and their best practices.
  • The move aims at improving security for women by providing them a tool to alert the local police.
  • NARI will provide information to women on issues affecting their lives. There are tips on good nutrition, suggestions for health check ups, information on major diseases, tips for job search and interview, investment and savings advice, information on crimes and against women and reporting procedures, contacts of legal aid cells, simplified adoption procedures and much more.
  • It will endow women with the power of information to build their life skills and facilitates them in taking full advantage of the services provided by the Government for them.

Daily Current Affairs 6-8 April 2019

Latest Current Affairs Question Answer for Competitive Exams

31. Which among the following statement is connected to Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM)?

a) JNNURM is an initiative which is meant to improve the quality of life and infrastructure in the cities.

b) It aims at creating ‘economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive cities.

c) Ensure adequate investment of funds to fulfill deficiencies in the urban infrastructural services

d) It focuses on water supply and sanitation, solid waste management.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM) was a massive city-modernisation scheme launched by the Government of India under Ministry of Urban Development. It aims at creating ‘economically productive, efficient, equitable and responsive cities.

32. With reference to witness protection scheme 2018, which of the following are correct ?

a) The scheme provides for identity protection and giving a new identity to the witness.

b) The scheme shall extend to the whole of the India except the State of Jammu & Kashmir.

c) Police escort will be provided to witnesses who are threatened and, if needed, they would be relocated to a safe house

d) A separate witness protection fund will be created in each state to meet the expenses incurred under the scheme.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: The Supreme Court has approved the Centre’s draft witness protection scheme and has asked all the states to implement it till Parliament comes out with legislation. The court has also made some changes in the scheme.

33. The term REDD+ is sometimes seen in the news, which of the following are correct?

a) The programme initiated by the United Nations in 2005.

b) It aims to mitigate climate change through enhanced forest management.

c) It is the most prominent global mechanism to integrate the role of forests in climate change.

d) REDD+ means Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+), the programme initiated by the United Nations in 2005 to mitigate climate change through enhanced forest management in developing countries.

34. The term REDD Digital Sky Platform, a scheme for registration is associated with which ministry ?

a) Ministry of Home Affairs

b) Ministry of Civil Aviation

c) Ministry of Defence

d) Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology

Answer: b only

Explanation: Digital Sky Platform launched is a scheme launched by Ministry of Civil Aviation to start registration of drones, pilots, and operators Registration portal for online permission.

35. Name the Indian state where Kartarpur Sahib Corridor is located ?

a) Punjab

b) Haryana

c) Rajasthan

d) Jammu and Kashmir

Answer: a only

Explanation: The Indian side of Corridor is located in Punjab. It starts from Dera Baba Nanak in Gurdaspur district and extends upto International border between India and Pakistan.

36.Operation Madad which was recently in news, is associated which defence unit ?

a) Indian Coast Guard

b) Indian Navy

c) Indian Army

d) Indian Airforce

Answer: b only

Explanation: Operation Madad is the name of rescue operations conducted by Indian Navy in various occasions within India.The word ‘madad’ in Hindi means help.

37.Name the river associated with Polavaram Project in Andhra Pradesh ?

a) Godavari

b) Narmada

c) Krishna

d) Polar

Answer: a only

Explanation: Polavaram Project, is an underconstruction multi-purpose irrigation project on the Godavari River in the West Godavari District and East Godavari District in Andhra Pradesh.

38.With reference to the following, which are the features of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) ?

a) It refers to the monetary value of all the finished goods and services produced within a country.

b) It includes all private and public consumption, government outlays, investments, private inventories and paid-in construction costs.

c) It also includes all final goods and services produced by resources owned by that country.

d) It is used as a measure of a country’s standard of living.

Answer: a, b and d only

Explanation: GDP doesnot include all final goods and services produced by resources owned by that country. It is a total market value of the goods and services produced by a country’s economy during a specified period of time.

39. Name the state which will be housing the National Sports Stadium for differently abled in India ?

a) Manipur

b) Meghalaya

c) Assam

d) West Bengal

Answer: b only

Explanation: The Indian government plans to construct an international standard stadium for the differently-abled sportspersons in Meghalaya.

40. The government scheme, SPARC which is associated with the promotion of Academic Research is related to which ministry?

a) Ministry of Science and Technology

b) Ministry of Human Resource Development

c) Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment

d) Ministry of Electronics and IT

Answer: b only

Explanation: The Ministry of Human Resource Development has launched the web portal of the Scheme – Scheme for Promotion of Academic and Research Collaboration (SPARC) in New Delhi.

41. With EMISAT launched by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), Which of the following statements are correct ?

a) The satellite is intended for measuring electromagnetic spectrum.

b) It will also monitor the radar and the sensor on the border.

c) PSLV rocket placed EMISAT in a 749-kilometer orbit.

Choose the correct code:

Answer: Above all

Explanation: India hs launched the EMISAT in Sun Synchronous Polar Orbit. The full name of EMISAT is Electronic Intelligence Satellite. It was made by ISRO and DRDO together. EMISAT was launched by PSLV C-45 launch vehicle. EMISAT was launched from Satish Dhawan Space Center, Sriharikota.

42. With reference to the launch of block chain enabled marketplace app, name the commodity/commodities associated with it ?

a) Tea

b) Sugar

c) Rice

d) Coffee

Answer: d only

Explanation: The commerce ministry has launched a blockchain-based coffee e-marketplace app.

43. With reference to Electrol Bonds, which of the following are correct?

a) Electrol Bonds helps to bring transparency in the election funding of the political parties

b) It is a kind of bond which has its specified face value, mentioned on it like a currency note.

c) Any citizen or institution or any company in India can purchase electoral bonds to fund registered political parties.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: Electoral Bond is a kind of a bond which has its specified face value, mentioned on it like a currency note. These bonds can be used by the individuals, institutions and organizations to donate money to the political parties. These electoral bonds will be available in the denomination of Rs. 1,000, Rs. 10,000, Rs. 1 lac, Rs. 10 lacs and Rs. 1 crore.

44. With reference to Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) which is currently in the news, which of the following are correct ?

a) It gives armed forces the power to maintain public order in disturbed areas.

b) It has the authority to prohibit a gathering of five or more persons in an area.

c) It can use force or even open fire after giving due warning.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: Armed Forces (Special Powers) Act (AFSPA) is a special act. It gives armed forces the power to maintain public order in disturbed areas. They have the authority to prohibit a gathering of five or more persons in an area, can use force or even open fire after giving due warning if they feel a person is in contravention of the law. If reasonable suspicion exists, the army can also arrest a person without a warrant; enter or search premises without a warrant; and ban the possession of firearms.

45.With reference to National Development Council, which of the following are correct ?

a) It is a apex body to take decisions on matters related to approval of five year plans of the country.

b) It aims to ensure the balanced and rapid development of all parts of the country.

c) It also tries to consider the National Plan as formulated by the Planning Commission.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: National Development Council provides a platform to all the states to discuss their problems and issues related to development. Thus, it secures the cooperation of the states in the execution of developmental plans.

46.In the context of, ‘Defence Innovation Hubs (DIHs)’, which of the following are the features ?

a) It serves has a platform where innovators can get information about needs and feedback from major defence platforms.

b) It also aims to attract more innovators to work for the defence sector in India.

Answer: both a and b

Explanation: The Innovations for Defence Excellence (iDEX) framework of the Government envisages setting up and managing independent Defence Innovation Hubs (DIHs). These DIHs will serve as platforms where innovators can get information about needs and feedback from the Services directly and create solutions for India’s major defence platforms. This structure is also geared towards attracting more innovators to work for the defence sector in India.

47.With reference to ‘National Gas Grid’, which of the following are the objectives of the scheme ?

a) The scheme aims to regional imbalance within the country with regard to access of natural gas and provide clean and green fuel throughout the country.

b) It plans to connect gas sources to major demand centres and ensure availability of gas to consumers in various sectors.

Answer: both a and b

Explanation: The aims and objectives of National Gas Grid are, to remove regional imbalance within the country with regard to access of natural gas and provide clean and green fuel throughout the country. To connect gas sources to major demand centres and ensure availability of gas to consumers in various sectors. development of City Gas Distribution Networks in various cities for supply of CNG and PNG.

48. Name the ministry or government body associated with Monetary policy ?

a) Ministry of Finance

b) Department of Income tax

c) Reserve Bank of India

d) Ministry of Commerce and Industry

Answer: c only

Explanation: Monetary policy is the process by which a central bank (Reserve Bank of India or RBI) manages money supply in the economy. One of the main objectives of monetary policy include ensuring inflation targeting and price stability, full employment and stable economic growth.

49. With reference to the Know India Programme (KIP), which of the following statements are correct?

a) It aims to familiarize Indian-origin youth (18-30 years) with their Indian roots and contemporary India.

b) The programme provides a unique forum for students & young professionals of Indian origin to visit India, share their views and experience.

Answer: both a and b

Explanation: Know India Programme (KIP) is an important initiative for Diaspora engagement developed by India. The programme aims to familiarize Indian-origin youth (18-30 years) with their Indian roots and contemporary India.

50. What is the target set by the Indian government to eliminate Tuberculosis?

a) 2025

b) 2020

c) 2022

d) 2024

Answer: a only

Explanation: India accounts for about a quarter of the global TB cases. Aiming to eliminate the huge burden, India has set the target to eliminate Tuberculosis in India by 2025.

51. With the harsh new sharia laws that make adultery punishable by stoning to death, name the South East Asian country which recently implemented the laws?

a) Malaysia

b)Sri lanka

c) Indonesia

d) Brunei

Answer: d only

Explanation: Brunei has become the first country in Southeast Asia to fully implement Sharia criminal law on a national level, imposing brutal punishments.

52. With reference to carbon positive settlement related to climate change, name the state which houses the country’s first village (Phayeng Village) to be tagged to carbon positive settlement ?

a) Odisha

b) West Bengal

c) Rajasthan

d) Manipur

Answer: d only

Explanation: Phayeng Village in Imphal West district of Manipur has become India’s first carbon-positive settlement.

53. The repo rate which is rate which RBI lends money to the commercial banks, name the apex body which decides the Rate?

a) Reserve Bank of India

b) Ministry of Finance

c) Department of Income Tax

d) Finance Commission

Answer: a only

Explanation: Repo rate is the rate at which the central bank of a country (Reserve Bank of India in case of India) lends money to commercial banks.

54. Cafe Scientifique, sometimes seen in news, name the state which has launched the science initiative ?

a) Rajasthan

b) Manipur

c) Kerala

d) Karnataka

Answer: c only

Explanation: ‘Cafe Scientifique’ is the first of its kind initiative in the State of Kerala aimed at popularising Science.

55. Kandhamal Haldi, which recently received GI tag, is produced from which state ?

a) Bihar

b) Rajasthan

c) Maharashtra

d) Odisha

Answer: d only

Explanation: Odisha’s Kandhamal Haldi (turmeric), famous for its healing properties, is will be from receiving GI tag as the Geographical Indication (GI) Tag.

56.Name the African sportsperson who was named the footballer of the year ?

a) Ronaldo

b) Mohamed Salah

c) Leonard Messi

d) Luis Suarez

Answer: b only

Explanation: Mohamed Salah named African Footballer of the Year 2018. won the Golden Boot for the 2017-18 Premier League season after scoring 32 goals in 36 appearances for the club to set a record for most goals scored by a player in the modern league era.

57. Name the author, who has won the 2018 Man Booker Prize?

a) Salman Rushdie

b) Anita Desai

c) Anna Burns

d) Amit Bangh

Answer: c only

Explanation: Anna Burns wins 2018 Man Booker Prize for Fiction with her novel Milkman.

58. Name the south Indian state which recently added one more district?

a) Kerala

b) Tamilnadu

c) Karnataka

d) Andhra Pradesh

Answer: b only

Explanation: The government of Tamil Nadu announced the creation of the state’s 33rd district — Kallakurichi, carved out of Villupuram.

59. With reference to ‘Atal Tinkering Labs’ which of the following statements are correct?

a) These are dedicated works spaces where students (Class 6th to Class 12th) learn innovation skills.

b) It will be hubs of innovation where young minds will accelerate their ideas to solve unique local problems.

c) It is a bridge between innovation and schools across the country, providing solutions to grassroot problems.

d) The objective was to encourage students to observe community problems and develop innovative solutions.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: Atal Tinkering Labs are dedicated works spaces where students (Class 6th to Class 12th) learn innovation skills. It will be hubs of innovation where young minds will accelerate their ideas to solve unique local problems. It is a bridge between innovation and schools across the country, providing solutions to grassroot problems.

60. The term ‘Operation Green’ which is seen in the news is related to

A) government scheme of doubling the income of farmers by the end of 2022.

b) Working to increase demand in the economy as well with its demand forecasting model.

c) Promote farmer producers organisations, agri logistics, processing facilities.

d) Limit the erratic fluctuations in the prices of onions, potatoes and tomatoes.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: ‘Operation Green’ is a scheme focused on doubling the income of farmers by the end of 2022, working to increase demand in the economy as well with its demand forecasting model.

Daily Current Affairs 2-5 April 2019

Current Affairs/General Awareness/Daily General Knowledge Practice MCQ

1. With reference to the mid day Meal Scheme, which of the following are correct?

a) It is a school meal programme of the Government of India designed to better the nutritional standing of school-age children nationwide.

b) It is covered by the National Food Security Act, 2013.

Answer: both a and b

Explanation: The Midday Meal Scheme is a school meal programme of the Government of India designed to better the nutritional standing of school-age children nationwide.[1] The programme supplies free lunches on working days for children in primary and upper primary classes in government, government aided, local body, Education Guarantee Scheme, and alternate innovative education centres.

2. The heritage musical instrument Ghumot, is associated with which state?

a) Madhya Pradesh

b) Goa

c) Rajasthan

d) Karnataka

Answer: b only

Explanation: Ghumot, an indigenous earthen drum is now declared as the heritage musical instrument of Goa.

3. In the context of ‘African Union’ which is currently in the news, which of the following are the features?

a) To defend the sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence of its Member States.

b) To accelerate the political and social-economic integration of the continent.

Answer: both a and b

Explanation: The African Union (AU) is a continental union consisting of several countries of the continent of Africa. It was founded on 26 May 2001 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

4. Name the ministry associated with National Productivity Council which is associated with the promote productivity culture in India?

a) Ministry of Commerce and Industry

b) Ministry of Home Affairs

c) Ministry of Corporate Affairs

d) Ministry of Agriculture

Answer: a only

Explanation: National Productivity Council is associated with the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

5. With reference to the National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC), which of the following are correct?

a) Scheme aims to support concrete adaptation activities which mitigate the adverse effects of climate change.

b) It prioritizes the needs that build climate resilience in the areas identified

Answer: both a and b

Explanation: National Adaptation Fund for Climate Change (NAFCC) was conceived to meet the cost of adaptation to climate change for the State and Union Territories of India that are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of climate change.

6. With reference to Smart India Hackathon 2019, name the institution whose students have devised solution to detect fake notes?

a) IIT Madras

b) IIT Bombay

c) IIT Indore

d) IIT Kharagpur

Answer: d only

Explanation: A group of 6 students from IIT Kharagpur have developed Students Devise Solution to Detect Fake Notes.

7. With reference to the new black hole coin released by United Kingdom, name the scientist on whose honour the coin was released?

a) Charles Darwin

b) Stephen Hawking

c) T Edison

d) Isaac Newton

Answer: b only

Explanation: The UK’s Royal Mint has unveiled a new commemorative 50 pence coin inspired by the late legendary British physicist Stephen Hawking’s seminal work on black holes.

8. With reference to National Centre for Good Governance, which of the following are correct?

a) To provide a platform for policy development debates and discussions.

b) To promote exchange of innovative ideas and best practices in Governance by organising, sponsoring and aiding seminars.

c) To interact with international organisations, in and outside government, engaged in research and training in subject areas of mutual interest.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: The National Centre for Good Governance (NCGG) is an autonomous institute. It was created to assist in bringing about governance reforms through studies, training, knowledge sharing and promotion of good ideas. It seeks to carry out policy relevant research and prepare case studies; curate training courses for civil servants from India and other developing countries; provide a platform for sharing of existing knowledge and pro-actively seek out and develop ideas for their implementation in the government, both at the States and the Central level.

9. With reference to Molasses, name the state which bans the compound recently?

a) Rajasthan

b) Manipur

c) Assam

d) West Bengal

Answer: c only

Explanation: Molasses is an important component in making sulai, an intoxicating drink widely consumed in the tea garden areas of Assam. Assam Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal ordered ban on molasses in the state, after hooch tragedy killed several people.

10. With reference to Kalashnikov rifle, sometimes seen in the news media, name the country associated with it ?

a) China

b) Russia

c) Pakistan

d) United Kingdom

Answer: b only

Explanation: is any one of a series of automatic rifles based on the original design of Mikhail Kalashnikov in Soviet Union.

11. What is the percentage of women to be recruited in military police?

a) 10 per cent

b) 20 per cent

c) 15 per cent

d) 25 per cent

Answer: b only

Explanation: Women will be inducted in a graded manner to eventually comprise 20 per cent of total Corps of Military Police.

12. Name the central bank, which recently requested the RBI to allow usage of Indian Currency notes?

a) Nepal Rastra Bank

b) Bangladesh Bank

c) State Bank of Pakistan

d) Central Bank of Sri Lanka

Answer: a only

Explanation: Nepal has asked the RBI to declare newly circulated Indian currency notes of denominations higher than Rs 100 legal tender in the country.

13. Which of the following are related to legal rights of Indian citizen?

a) Live-in relationships are not illegal

b) Students below 7 years of age are exempted from criminal liability under Indian Penal Code.

c) No person can be barred from entering a public place on the basis of religion, caste, sex, etc

Answer: Above all

Explanation: Besides the Fundamental Rights, there are certain other rights contained in other parts of the Constitution. These rights are known as constitutional rights or legal rights or non-fundamental rights.

14. With reference to the governor of India, which of the following are correct ?

a) No person shall be eligible for appointment as Governor unless he is a citizen of India and has completed the age of thirty-five years.

b) He/she shall have the power to grant pardons, reprieves, respites or remissions of punishment or to suspend.

c) The Governor shall hold office during the pleasure of the President.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: The Constitution vests in the governor all the executive powers of the state government. The governor appoints the chief minister, who enjoys the support of the majority in the Legislative Assembly.

15. Name the state government which has announced the setting up of anti-poaching tiger protection force?

a) Rajasthan

b) Gujarat

c) Maharashtra

d) Telangana

Answer: d only

Explanation: Telangana to set up armed anti-poaching tiger protection. The STPF would be constituted with 112 personnel and would be deployed in Kawal and Amrabad tiger reserve forest areas.

16. Name the first Indian woman IPS officer to complete the South Pole expedition?

a) Anita Kumari

b) Aparna Kumar

c) Vineet Phogat

d) Kareena Sharma

Answer: b only

Explanation: Aparna Kumar has become the first woman IPS DIG and Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP) officer to successfully complete the South Pole expedition.

17. With reference to National Statistical Commission, which of the following are correct?

a) To identify the core statistics, which are of national importance and are critical to the development of the Economy

b) To constitute professional committees or working groups to assist the Commission on various technical issues.

c) To evolve national policies and priorities relating to the statistical system.

Answer: a, b and c only

Explanation: National Statistical Commission was established on 1 June 2005 on the recommendation of Rangarajan commission. The National Statistical Commission (NSC) of India is an autonomous body which formed in July 2005.

18. Name the female sportsperson who won the Australian Open 2019 ?

a) Serena Williams

b) Venus Williams

c) Naomi Osaka

d) Kim Cljisters

Answer: c only

Explanation: Naomi Osaka wins women’s final Australian Open 2019 after defeating Petra Kvitova in the women’s singles final.

19. Name the country, which has declared sugarcane as the national drink?

a) Orange

b) Carrot

c) Sugarcane

d) Apple

Answer: c only

Explanation: The government of Pakistan has declared sugarcane juice as the ‘national drink’ of the country.

20. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the Indian Petroleum Reserve?

a) Construction of strategic petroleum reserves by India is a great way to secure country’s energy security.

b) It can act like bank for India in the event of war like situation in the gulf countries or other oil importers of India.

Select the correct answer:

Answer: both a and b

Explanation: construction of strategic petroleum reserves by India is a great way to secure country’s energy security. These reserves would act like piggy bank for India in the event of war like situation in the gulf countries or other oil importers of India.

21. With Climate Change, the name the organisation/organisations associated with the recent release of ‘The State of the Global Climate’?

a) World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)

b) World Health Organisation (WHO)

c) United National Environmental Programme (UNEP)

d) International Monetary Fund (IMF)

Answer: a only

Explanation: The World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) unveiled the State of the Global Climate in 2018 Report

22. Indian President Ramnath Kovind was conferred with The Grand Order of the King of Tomislav; name the country which bestowed the honour?

a) Bulgaria

b) Bolivia

c) Croatia

d) UK

Answer: c only

Explanation: President Ram Nath Kovind receives Grand Order of the King of Tomislav the highest award of Croatia in Zagreb.

23. With reference to the critically endangered hump-backed Mahseer ‘fish’, name the river which is associated with it?

a) Godavari

b) Narmada

c) Cauvery

d) Ganga

Answer: c only

Explanation: The hump-backed mahseer-a large freshwater fish found only in the Cauvery river basin. It is also known as tiger of the water.

24. In the context of setting up of regulatory sandbox for Fintech startups, name the apex body/bodies associated with it?

a) Securities Exchange Board of India

b) Reserve Bank of India

c) Ministry of Finance

d) Insurance Regulatory Authority of India

Answer: b only

Explanation: The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is looking to issue guidelines for setting up a regulatory sandbox or innovation hub for the fintech startups.

25. With reference to National Literacy Mission Programme, which of the following are not correct?

a) It aims to educate illiterate adults in the age group of 15 – 35.

b) It had many flagship programs including Total Literacy and Post literacy.

c) It seeks to create a generation which will ensure that their children are educated, to realize the dream of Education for All.

d) It imbibes values of national integration, conservation of environment, women’s equality and observance of small family norms.

Answer: b only

Explanation: The goals of the National Literacy Mission is to attain full literacy, i.e., a sustainable threshold level of 75 percent by 2007.The mission seeks to achieve this goal by imparting functional literacy to non-literates in the 15-35 age group. The National Literacy Mission (NLM) has two flagship programmes- Total literacy programmes and Post literacy Programme through which it gives shape to its aims. But with the revitalization of National Literacy Mission Programme on 30th September 1999, both the campaigns have come under one single project: ‘Literacy Campaigns an Operation Restoration’.

26. Name the person who was recently appointed as the new secretary of Finance?

a) L Narayana Jha

b) Ajay Narayan Jha

c) G K Viswanath

d) Ajay Bhushan Pandey

Answer: d only

Explanation: Ajay Bhushan Pandey, the UIDAI CEO, is appointed as the new Finance Secretary. Pandey is replacing Hasmukh Adhia of the Gujarat cadre IAS officer who is set to retire on November 30.

27. Consider the following statements:

a) National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 was later renamed as the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA).

b) It aims to enhance livelihood security in rural areas by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a financial year.

c) The largest and most ambitious social security and public works programme in the world.

d) It sets a minimum limit to the wages, to be paid with gender equality on a piece-rate basis.

Which of the statements given above is/are not correct?

Answer: b only

Explanation: National Rural Employment Guarantee Act 2005 sets a minimum limit to the wages, to be paid with gender equality, either on a time-rate basis or on a piece-rate basis.

28. Name the ministry associated with the scheme, ‘Disha‘ which is aimed at effective development coordination of almost all the programmes of Central Government?

a) Ministry of Home affairs

b) Minister of Rural Development

c) Ministry of Agriculture

d) Ministry of Social Justice and empowerment

Answer: b only

Explanation: The Centre has announced the formation of District Development Coordination and Monitoring Committee (DDCMC) to be named ‘Disha’ for effective development coordination of almost all the programmes of Central Government, whether it is for infrastructure development or Social and human resource development. Making a suo-motu statement in the Lok Sabha, the Union Minister of Rural Development, Panchayati Raj and Drinking Water and Sanitation Shri Narendra Singh Tomar said that to begin with, these Committees would monitor the implementation of 28 schemes and programmes of Ministry of Rural Development and other Ministries to promote synergy and convergence for greater impact.

29. With reference to ‘Ease of Doing Business Grand Challenge’ an initiative launched by PM Narendra Modi, which of the following are correct?

a) It invites innovative ideas based on Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Blockchain and other cutting edge technologies.

b) It seeks to invite innovative ideas from individuals, startups and other enterprises to implement solutions.

c) It signifies ease of getting permission, license, registration or a service from a Government Agency.

d) It seeks to eliminate physical interface, improve service delivery, enhance transparency and reduce costs and time.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: Ease of Doing Business Grand Challenge was launched at an event in Lok Kalyan Marg in New Delhi. The objective of this challenge is to invite innovative ideas based on Artificial Intelligence, Internet of Things, Big Data Analytics, Blockchain and other cutting edge technology to reform Government processes. The platform for the Grand Challenge is the Startup India Portal.

30. Consider the following:

a) Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) scheme, with a focus on holistic development of heritage cities

b) Hriday aims to preserve and revitalise soul of the heritage city to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative and secured environment.

Select correct statement using the code below:

Answer: a and b only

Explanation: Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India, launched the Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) scheme, with a focus on holistic development of heritage cities. The scheme aims to preserve and revitalise soul of the heritage city to reflect the city’s unique character by encouraging aesthetically appealing, accessible, informative & secured environment.

Source:Civilservicesindia+PIB+The Hindu