first edition of the Khelo India School Games 2017, the second edition, the
games has become an initiative of the Central Government, has expanded in its
scope, and will allow participants to compete in two categories (under 17 and
Khelo India –
India programme has been introduced to revive the sports culture in India at
the grass-root level by building a strong framework for all sports in India and
establish India as a great sporting nation.
accomplish the above objectives, Khelo India programme has been divided into
12 verticals, namely:
Level Khelo India Centres
Search and Development
and Creation/Upgradation of Sports Infrastructure
to National/Regional/State Sports Academics
fitness of school children
of sports amongst people with disabilities
for Peace and Development
of rural and indigenous/tribal games
players identified in priority sports disciplines at various levels by the
High-Powered Committee will be provided annual financial assistance of INR 5
lakh per annum for 8 years.
School Games are a part of the Khelo India programme.
16 disciplines as follows:
Athletics, Badminton, Basketball, Boxing, Football, Gymnastics, Hockey, Judo,
Kabaddi, Kho- Kho, Shooting, Swimming, Volleyball, Weightlifting, and
National Mission on GeM (NMG)
Mission on GeM (NMG) was launched on 5th September 2018 to accelerate the
adoption and use of Procurement by Major Central Ministries, States and UTs and
their agencies (including CPSUs/PSUs, Local Bodies) on the GeM platform.
of the NMG:
inclusiveness by catapulting various categories of sellers and service
and communicate ‘values add’ by way of transparency and efficiency in
public procurement, including corruption free governance.
cashless, contactless and paperless transaction, in line with the Digital India
overall efficiency leading to significant cost saving on government expenditure
ease in availability of all types of products and services bought by Government
is a short form of one stop Government e-Market Place hosted by Directorate
General of Supplies and Disposals (DGS&D) where common user goods and
services can be procured.
has recorded about $1.5 billion worth of transactions since it was launch 18
State for Parliamentary Affairs and Water Resources, River Development and
Ganga Rejuvenation, gave details on the status of implementation of National
e-Vidhan Application (NeVA) Project.
Pradesh is already the first Digital Legislature of the country.
is a Mission Mode Project (MMP) comes under the Digital India Programme.
of Parliamentary Affairs (MoPA) is the ‘Nodal Ministry’ for its
implementation in all the 31 States/UTs with Legislatures.
funding for e-Vidhan is provided by the MoPA and technical support by Ministry
of Electronics and Information Technology (MietY).
funding of NeVA is through Central Sponsored Scheme i.e. 60:40; and 90:10 for
North East & hilly States and 100% for UTs.
It aims to
bring all the legislatures of the country together, in one platform thereby
creating a massive data depository without having the complexity of multiple
Assembly or e-Assembly is a concept involving of electronic means to facilitate
the work of Assembly.
enables automation of entire law making process, tracking of decisions and
documents, sharing of information.
the cloud technology (Meghraj), data deployed can be accessed anywhere at any
live webcasting of Lok Sabha TV and Rajya Sabha TV is also available on this
has already been enabled with provision to incorporate similar facility in
respect of State Legislatures.
High Court set aside the government decision to ban private firms from
producing and selling oxytocin, a drug used for inducing labour contractions
and controlling bleeding.
made by the Court:
government’s decision was arbitrary and unreasonable. There was no scientific
basis behind the Centre’s decision restricting private companies from making or
supplying the drug, which helps new mothers lactate, to prevent its alleged
misuse in the dairy sector for increasing milk production.
the Centre’s April
27 notification, the
state- run Karnataka Antibiotics and Pharmaceuticals Ltd (KAPL) was
solely allowed by the Centre to make the drug to meet the country’s needs.
The drug is
misused in the dairy industry where livestock is injected with Oxytocin to make
them release milk at a time convenient to farmers.
also used to increase the size of vegetables such as pumpkins, watermelons,
eggplants, gourds, and cucumbers.
Carbetocin: The World Health Organization (WHO)
has come up with a safe and effective alternative to the controversial drug
Oxytocin, must be stored and transported at 2–8 degrees Celsius, and becomes
less effective when exposed to heat, Carbetocin does not require refrigeration
and retains its efficacy for at least three years even if it is stored at 30
degrees Celsius, and in 75% relative humidity.
5. Global Nutrition Report-2018
• The Global
Nutrition Report was conceived following the first Nutrition for Growth
Initiative Summit (N4G) in 2013 as a mechanism for tracking the commitments
made by 100 stakeholders spanning governments, aid donors, civil society, the
UN and businesses.
of the report:
burden of malnutrition “remains unacceptably high and progress unacceptably
slow”. Under- nutrition accounts for around 45% of deaths among children under
five in low- and middle-income countries.
and obesity has led to around 4 million deaths and 120 million healthy years of
life lost across the globe, with around 38.9% adults found to be overweight.
children under five years of age, 150.8 million are stunted, 50.5 million are
wasted and 38.3 million are overweight; while 20 million babies are born
underweight each year, it says.
of malnutrition on global economy is close to US$3.5 trillion per year, with
obesity alone costing US$500 billion per year.
section of the study looks at the quality, nutrient content and type of food
consumed across the globe. The results suggest a disparity between developed
and emerging markets, says the report.
says that regardless of wealth, school-age children, adolescents and adults are
consuming too many refined grains, sugary foods and drinks, and not enough
fruits, vegetables and whole grains.
almost a third (31%) of the global burden for stunting, the prevalence of which
differs from state to state. As per the UNICEF, stunting, or low height for
age, is caused by long-term insufficient nutrient intake and frequent
varies greatly from district to district (12.4% to 65.1%), with 239 of 604
districts accounting for stunting levels above 40%. The differences between
districts were a result of multiple factors, including gender, education,
economic status, health, hygiene, and other demographic factors.
India is the
country with the largest number of children who are stunted at 46.6 million,
followed by Nigeria (13.9 million) and Pakistan (10.7 million). The urban
prevalence of stunting on average 19.2% compared with 26.8% in rural areas.
wasting, or low weight for height, affects a greater proportion of rural
children than urban. India again tops the list with the most number of wasted
children at 25.5 million, followed by Nigeria (3.4 million) and Indonesia (3.3
also among the countries with more than a million children who are overweight.
As part of the report, a case study in Rajasthan found that key areas of infant
and young child feeding and micronutrient supplementation were underfunded.
a part of the Swachhta Pakhwada of Ministry of Civil Aviation (2018), the 15
day cleanliness drive, has successfully been observed in M/o Civil Aviation and
all of its organization.
• Started in
objective is to bring a fortnight of intense focus on the issues and practices
of Swachhta by engaging GOI Ministries/Departments in their jurisdictions.
• An annual
calendar is pre-circulated among the Ministries to help them plan for the
Ministries observing Swachhata Pakhwada are monitored closely using online
monitoring system of Swachhata SamikSha where action plans, images, videos
related to Swachhata activities are uploaded and shared.
Tirth Yatra Yojana’
Delhi state government has launched the
‘Mukhyamantri Tirth Yatra Yojana’ which offers free travel packages for senior
citizens from Delhi to five religious circuits.
of the scheme:
avail this offer?
senior citizens from every constituency of Delhi will be able to avail this
facility at one go.
this free pilgrimage scheme, a Delhi resident above 60 years will be eligible
to take free pilgrimage along with his or her spouse.
is no income criterion but preference will be given to those from economically
weaker sections on first-come-first-serve basis.
of central, state and local government or autonomous bodies are not eligible
for the scheme.
applicant can also take along an attendant above the age of 20 years, if he or
his spouse is above 70 years. The expenditure of the attendant will also be
borne by the Delhi government.
selected for pilgrimage will be covered with an insurance of Rs 1 lakh each.
applicant will have to give a self-certificate that all information being given
by them is correct and they have not availed the scheme in the past.
selection of pilgrims will be done through draw of lots and respective area
MLAs will certify whether the intended beneficiaries belong to Delhi or not.
Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban (PMAY-U), being implemented by the ministry of
housing and urban affairs under the mission ‘Housing for All by 2022’ since
going to be a tall task given the current fiscal arithmetic. The scheme also
faces headwinds such as unavailability of land in prime areas, low
participation of private developers on account of brand dilution, bidding
mechanism, stringent cost and time schedules resulting in low yields,
increasing construction costs due to absence of bulk sourcing of materials, and
lack of new technology that impacts productivity, cost efficiency and quality.
of the scheme:
does offer a huge opportunity for several sectors by setting off a virtuous
crore houses would mean an opportunity for over Rs 2 lakh crore of home loans,
and incremental consumption of 80-100 million tonne of cement and 10-15 million
tonne of steel.
construction opportunity is of about four billion square feet over the life of
PMAY-U. And all that would translate into 9-10 crore incremental jobs over the
government has approved a slew of measures under the National Pension Scheme
(NPS). Changes approved in the National Pension System:
contribution by the Central Government enhanced by 4 percent from the existing
10 percent to 14 percent for employees covered under NPS Tier-I
government employees will be provided with freedom of choice for selection of
Pension Funds and pattern of investment.
of compensation for non-deposit or delayed deposit of NPS contributions during
by Government employees under Tier-II of NPS will now be covered under Section
80 C for deduction up to Rs 1.50 lakh for the purpose of income tax at par with
schemes such as General (PF), Contributory PF, Employees PF and Public PF, with
lock-in period of 3 years.
entire withdrawal will now be exempt from income tax as the tax exemption limit
for lump sum withdrawal on exit has been enhanced to 60 percent.
The move is
set to benefit around 36 lakh subscribers, including approximately 18 lakh
Central government employees covered under NPS.
It will cost
the exchequer Rs 2,840 crore in the current financial year.
National Pension System (NPS)?
Pension System (NPS) is a government-sponsored pension scheme. It was launched
in January 2004 for government employees. However, in 2009, it was opened to
scheme allows subscribers to contribute regularly in a pension account during
their working life. On retirement, subscribers can withdraw a part of the
corpus in a lumpsum and use the remaining corpus to buy an annuity to secure a
regular income after retirement.
system is managed by PFRDA (Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority).
Indian citizen between 18 and 60 years can join NPS. The only condition is that
the person must comply with know your customer (KYC) norms.
Can a Non
Resident Indian (NRI) join NPS?
an NRI can join NPS. However, the account will be closed if there is a change
in the citizenship status of the NRI.
promote manufacturing of electric and hybrid vehicle technology and to ensure
sustainable growth of the same, Department of Heavy Industry is implementing
FAME-India Scheme Phase – I [Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid
&) Electric Vehicles in India] from 1st April 2015.
was initially up to 31st April 2017, has been extended up to 31st March 2019 or
till Notification of FAME-II, whichever is earlier.
Scheme Phase – II:
scheme proposes to give a push to electric vehicles (EVs) in public transport
seeks to encourage adoption of EVs by way of market creation and demand
aggregation. Automobile Sector:
FDI by automatic route is permitted in the automobile sector.
the sector is deregulated, both private sector and public sector are free to
carry out investment in the automobile sector, including for manufacturing of
Electric Vehicles and E-Buses.
India is a part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan. Main thrust of
FAME is to encourage electric vehicles by providing subsidies.
in most segments – two wheelers, three wheelers, electric and hybrid cars and
electric buses obtained the subsidy benefit of the scheme.
focuses on 4 areas i.e. Technology development, Demand Creation, Pilot Projects
and Charging Infrastructure.