1947 agreement Tripartite agreement

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains II – India-Nepal relations; International relations 


  • Tripartite agreement between the United Kingdom, India and Nepal was a treaty signed in 1947 concerning the rights of Gurkhas in military service. 
  • In 1947, India became independent from the United Kingdom, and it was decided between the two governments to split the Gurkha regiments between the British and Indian armies — six Gurkha units became part of the new Indian Army, while four were transferred to the British Army. 
  • As a part of this arrangement, it was agreed that Gurkhas in British and Indian service should enjoy broadly the same conditions of service, to ensure that there was no unfair advantage to serving in one or other, thus maintaining economic stability and social harmony in the Gurkha recruiting areas.  
  • Thus, the governments of the United Kingdom, India and Nepal came to sign the Tripartite Agreement (TPA). 

Why in news? 

  • Nepal Minister said 1947 pact on Gurkha soldiers have become redundant. 
  • Gurkha veterans have been alleging that the U.K. has been discriminating against them. 

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