Geography of Rajasthan in Hindi: Complete Book for prelims & Mains with Topics wise MCQ



Important Daily Current Affairs Quiz 31th May

Que. 1 Who has been conferred with the ‘Santokbaa Humanitarian Award’ for 2018?

1.Kailash Satyarthi

2.A S Kiran Kumar

3.Baburao Hazare

4.1 and 2

5.1 and 3

Que. 2 Where will the secretariat of Global Preparedness Monitoring Board be headquartered?






Que. 3 Which country initiated the digital health resolution adopted by the 71st World Health Assembly?






Que. 4  Which of the following elements is not ferromagnetic at room temperature?






Que. 5 Telecom Regulatory Authority of India will use Blockchain technology to ________.

1.Improve network quality

2.Curb spam calls and messages

3.Curb call drops

4.Improve network portability

5.None of the above

Que. 6 Where is a Brahmaputra Study Centre going to be set up by the central government?

1.Assam Agricultural University

2.University of Calcutta

3.Vidyasagar University

4.Gauhati University

5. Arunachal University of Studies

Que. 7 Read the following statements:

  1. Goa attained full statehood on 30th May 1997.
  2. It thus became India’s 25th state. 
  3. Earlier, Goa was a union territory, namely, Goa, Daman and Diu.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

1.Only 1

2.1 and 2

3.2 and 3

4.1 and 3

5.Only 3

Que. 8 With which state government has the Women and Child and Development Ministry signed a MoU to manage shelter home for widows?




4.Uttar Pradesh


Que. 9 To which country does the Coast Guard ship Tajuddin belong?




4.Saudi Arabia


Que. 10 Which state has launched a mobile app for ration card holders under the name ePDS?

1.Himachal Pradesh



4.Uttar Pradesh

5.Madhya Pradesh

Que. 11 Which of the following have been presented with the Geographical Indication (GI) tag?

1.Chau mask of Purulia

2.Wooden mask of Kushmandi

3.Dokras of Bengal

4.Madhurkathi of Bengal

5.All of the above

Que. 12 Name the Russia’s most advanced long-range surface-to-air missile defence system.

1.S-400 Triumf


3.Red Arrow 9



Que. 13 Who has been appointed as an additional independent director on the board of ICICI Bank?

1.PS Jayakumar

2.MD Mallya

3.Rakesh Sharma

4.Shikha Sharma

5.Sanjay Sharma

Que. 14 In which state has the ‘Gaj Yatra’ campaign been launched?



3.Tamil Nadu



Que. 15 Which ministry has launched a web portal and app called PRAAPTI?

1.Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas

2.Ministry of Power

3.Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship

4.Ministry of Human Resource Development

5.None of the above

Que. 16 Who has been appointed as the Deputy National Security Advisor?

1.Vijay Keshav Gokhale 

2.Devyani Khobragade

3.Sunil Narayanan

4.Pankaj Saran

5.Amitabh kumar Singh

 Que. 17 Who has been appointed as the President of the National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission?

1.Justice RK Agrawal 

2.Justice AK Sikri

3.Justice R. Banumathi

4.Justice AK Mishra

5.Justice Pankaj Mithal

Que. 18 May 29 is celebrated internationally as ________.

1.International Mother Language Day

2.International Mother Earth Day

3.International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers

4.International Day of Light [UNESCO]

5.International Day for Biological Diversity 

Que. 19 India will use its USD 21.7 million loan from the World Bank to finance public financial management in which state?



3.Madhya Pradesh


5.West Bengal

Que. 20 With how many countries in the world has India signed social security agreements?







Answer Key:

1-4          2-1           3-5            4-3               5-2

6-4        7-3            8-4             9-3              10-1

11-5     12-1       13-2             14-4             15-2

16-4     17-1       18-3              19-2            20-4






























Important Daily Current Affairs Quiz 30th May

Que. 1 Which country will present its first federal budget after completing three-tier elections held simultaneously in 2017?






Que. 2 Who propounded the concept of the pH scale?

1.Irving Langmuir

2.Soren Peder Lauritz Sorensen

3.Auguste Laurent

4.Nicolas Leblanc

5.Henry Louis Le Chatelier

Que. 3 Who heads the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC)?

1.Nirmala Sitharaman

2.Rajnath Singh

3.Arun Jaitley

4. Sushma Swaraj

5. Manohar Parrikar

Que. 4 Indian Meteorological Department is teaming up with ________ to send extreme weather warnings to people.


2. Reliance Jio

3. Airtel


5.Idea Cellular

Que. 5 Which Indian carriers are among the top five lowest cost airlines in the world?

1.IndiGo and Spice Jet

2.Air India Express and IndiGo

3.Air India Express and Spice Jet

4.IndiGo and Jet Airways

5.Spice Jet and Jet Airways

Que. 6 Which government launched ‘Paree Pain Katha Tiye’ child sexual abuse awareness campaign?


2.West Bengal

3. Odisha


5.Tamil Nadu

Que. 7 Who has been awarded the ”most inspiring icon of the year for Social Welfare”?

1.Yuvraj Singh

2.Anushka Sharma

3.Virat Kohli

4.Amir Khan

5.Nandita Das

Que. 8  Who won the International Cricketer of the Year Award at the CEAT Cricket Ratings award 2018?

1.Trent Bout

2.Virat Kohli

3.Rashid Khan

4.Mitchell Starc

5.Andrew Tye

Que. 9 When do the ‘Fugitive Economic Offenders Rules, 2018’ come into effect?

1.25th May

2.1st July

3.25th August

4.25th June

5.25th October

Que. 10 Who is the first Indian to receive the Linnean Medal in Botany from Linnean Society of London?

1.Kamaljit Bawa

2.M.S. Swaminathan

3.Parag Maheshwar

4.Amarjeet Sarkar

5.Shanti Bhushan

Que. 11 Where will Coal India Ltd (CIL) will develop its first-ever thermal power plant?






Que. 12 Which state has constituted the State Animal Welfare Board?

1.Uttar Pradesh




5.Tamil Nadu

Que. 13 Which city will host the national programme on the International Yoga Day on June 21 2018?

1. Rishikesh





Que. 14 Who has been appointed as the chief of Defence Research and Development Organisation?

1.Sanjay Mitra

2.Bharat Nagpal

3.Purushottam Das

4.Vasudevan Nair

5.Bala Harikrishnan

Que. 15 Name the body which approached SEBI seeking its approval to launch petrol and diesel futures contracts?

1.Multi Commodity Exchange

2.National Commodity & Derivatives Exchange

3.Bombay Stock Exchange

4.Indian Commodity Exchange

5.National Stock Exchange

Que. 16 Which country invited EU in March to deploy observers to its general election expected in July 2018?






Que. 17 When was the system-driven disclosures introduced in the securities market?






Que. 18 Which state has launched its ‘Reuse of Treated Waste Water Policy’?






Que. 19 Which body has signed a MoU with the government to provide development support in Naxal-affected districts in Chhattisgarh?

1.Azim Premji Foundation

2.Tata Trusts

3.Damien Foundation India Trust

4.W.K. Kellogg Foundation

5.Ford Foundation

Que. 20 Which city does not have a National Informatics Centre (NIC) data centre?





5. Bengaluru

Answer Key:

1-1        2-2      3-1          4-4        5-2

6-3       7-1       8-2          9-1         10-1

11-2     12-3     13-3       14-1        15-4

16-2      17- 3     18-1       19- 2       20-5



Important Daily Current Affairs Quiz-29th May

Que. 1 Who will serve as the interim Prime Minister of Pakistan until general elections are held on July 25, 2018?
1. Nasir ul Mulk
2.Abdul Qayyum Khan
3.Iqbal Zafar Jhaqra
4.Mir Ghazanfar Ali Khan
5.Masood Khan
Que. 2 The Election Commission will follow the model of which country to allow eligible people to vote even if their name is not on the printed roll?
3.New Zealand
5.South Africa
Que. 3 Which of the following is not part of the Clean Air India Initiative project?
1.Get In The Ring
2.Government of the Netherlands
3.Start-up India
4.Government of France
5.INDUS Forum
Que. 4 Who is the queen of the Kingdom of Netherlands?
1.Queen Maxima
2.Queen Alexia
3.Queen Beatrice
4.Queen Ariana
5.Queen Catharina
Que. 5 Which team has won the Indian Premiere League 2018?
1.Sunrisers Hyderabad
2.Chennai Superkings
3.Delhi Daredevils
4.Kings XI Punjab
5.Kolkata Knight Riders
Que. 6 Read the following statements:

1. Punchhi Commission was constituted by the government in April 2010.

2. The chairman of the commission was former CJI Madan Mohan Punchhi.

3. Punchhi Commission deals with the responsibility and jurisdiction of the State during major outbreaks of communal and caste violence.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

1.Only 1
2.Only 3
3.Only 2
4.1 and 2
5.2 and 3
Que. 7 Which country does not have observer status in Shanghai Cooperation Organisation?
Que. 8 Read the following statements:

1. Pakistan’s Sindh province has passed a bill allowing Hindu widows to remarry.

2. The bill allows such marriage only after a period of six months has lapsed after former husband’s death.

3. However, the bill does not grant Hindu women the right to file a petition for dissolution of a marriage.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

1.Only 1 
2.1 and 2
3.2 and 3
4.1 and 3
5.1, 2 and 3
Que. 9 How many valleys have been discovered by scientists deep beneath the Western Antarctic ice region?
Que. 10 The longest freight corridor in India connects ________ and ________.
1.Ludhiana, Dankuni
2.Chennai, Goa
3.Malegaon, Paradip
4.Dadri, Mumbai
5.Malegaon, Dhamra
Que. 11 Which actor launched an advertisement campaign in New Delhi to promote twin pit toilet technology?
1.Akshay Kumar
2.Salman Khan
3.Shahrukh Khan
4.Hrithik Roshan
5.Sushant Singh Rajput
Que. 12 Where will the OECD Forum meet for 2018 be held?
5.Washington DC
Que. 13 Who has been appointed as the first chief financial officer (CFO) of the Reserve Bank of India?
1.Sudha Murthy
2.Sudha Balakrishnan
3.Rajiv Shukla
4.Arijeet Goswami
5.Viral V. Acharya
Que. 14 Which state has set August 15 as the deadline to phase out plastic carry bags?
3.West Bengal
4.Himachal Pradesh
5.Jammu and Kashmir
Que. 15 Which player has been named the Emerging Player of IPL 11 (2018)?
1.Trent Boult
2.Andrew Tye
3.Sunil Narine
4.Rishabh Pant
5.Mustafizur Rahman
Que. 16 Which state government has launched the ‘Prakritik Kheti Khushhaal Kisaan Yojana’ (PKKKY)?
1.Uttar Pradesh
5.Himachal Pradesh
Que. 17 EPFO has decided to cut the administrative charges to ________% from 0.65% of total wage paid by employers.
2. 0.50
Que. 18 In which city is India’s first IT hub in China located?
Que. 19 Name the oldest Indian woman to scale the Mount Everest.
1.Shalini Narayanan
2.Sujatha Parashar
3.Sangeeta Bahl
4.Anandita Bajpayee
5.Shloka Sengupta
Que. 20 With which organisation has BCCI signed an agreement to promote ‘green’ Cricket in India?
1.UN Environment
2.World Wide Fund for Nature
3.Greenpeace International
4.National Wildlife Federation
5.European Environment Agency 
Answer Key:
 1-1         2-3       3-4         4-1         5-2
 6-3         7-4       8-2         9-1        10-4
11-1       12-3     13-2      14-2       15-4
16-5       17-2    18-3       19-3       20-1

Important Current Affairs Quiz 28th May

Important Current Affairs Quiz 26th May

Que. 1 Who has been appointed as the Governor of Odisha?

1.Kummanam Rajasekharan

2.Sarbhjeet Yadav

3.Ganeshi Lal

4.Narasingha Mishra

5.Ananga Uday Singh

Que. 2 Which is the first Indian company to achieve Rs 7 lakh crore market capitalisation?

1.Tata Consultancy Services

2.HDFC Bank 

3.Hindustan Unilever

4.Reliance Industries

5.Larsen and Toubro

Que. 3 Read the following statements:

  1. Financial Stability and Development Council (FSDC) was set up in 2010 by the then Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee.
  2. FSDC has been reconstituted to include secretaries from revenue department and Ministry of IT.
  3. FSDC only comprises RBI Governor, Sebi Chairman and finance secretary.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

1.Only 2

2.Only 3

3.2 and 3

4.1 and 2

5.1 and 3

Que. 4 How many Landing Craft Utility (LCU) vessels have been commissioned into the Indian Navy?

1. 4

2. 8

3. 10

4. 7

5. 2

Que. 5 According to RSA Fraud Report, which country is the most targeted for phishing?






Que. 6 Which bank has signed an MoU with Common Service Centres to extend financial support to Village Level Entrepreneurs?

1.National Bank For Agriculture And Rural Development (NABARD)



4.Regional Rural Bank (RRB)

5.Vijaya Bank

Que. 7 Randeep Guleria has been appointed by the Finance Commission to head a high level group pertaining to ________.

1.Education sector

2.Energy sector

3.Health sector

4. Manufacturing sector

5. Food processing sector

Que. 8 The police of which city are planning to use Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) to enhance women safety?






Que. 9 Which of the following is not a signatory to the International Solar Alliance (ISA)?






Que. 10 Which is the first industry player to offer UPI access to a huge base of three million merchants on its app?


2.Jio Money



5.None of the above

Que. 11 The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is applicable to which of the following?

1.United States of America



4.European Union


Que. 12 Who is the chairman of the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT)? 

1.Vanaja N. Sarna

2.Sushil Chandra

3.Ms.Usha Chandra Sekhar

4.Ananta Narayan Nanda

5.Ashim Khurana

Que. 13 Where will the Rashtriya Sanskriti Mahotsav 2018 be organised by the Ministry of Culture?

1.Himachal Pradesh





Que. 14 Which country has successfully conducted the world’s longest surface-to-air missile test?





5. North Korea

Que. 15 Name the cyclone which has caused severe damage in Socotra (Yemen) and now is moving towards the Maharashtra coast. 






Que. 16 Urja Ganga Natural Gas Pipeline has been extended till ________ in North-east India.






Que. 17 With which travel portal has IRCTC partnered for exclusive hotel bookings?

1.Make My Trip




5. Travelyaari

Que. 18 Read the following statements:

  1. The government has raised customs duty on wheat from 20% to 30%.
  2. Customs duty on walnut shell has been increased from 30% to 60%.
  3. The measure is aimed at encouraging cheaper imports.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

1.Only 1

2.1 and 2

3.1 and 3

4.2 and 3

5.Only 3

Que. 19 What will be the major area/areas of cooperation between India and Indonesia?

1. Space


3. Defence

4. Kite Museum

5. All of the Above

Que. 20 Which country will host the celebrations of World Environment Day 2018?





5.New Zealand


Answer Key:

1-3      2- 1       3- 4     4-1      5-4

6- 3    7-3         8-5       9-5     10-4 

11-4    12-2       13-5    14-1    15-3

16-2     17- 2    18-1      19-5     20-4

(Free e-Book) Current Affairs for PSC & SSC CGL EXAM-2018


  • National
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  • India & The World
  • Economy
  • Science & Technology
  • Sports
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  • In the news (Person)


(E-Book) General Knowledge Notes for SSC CGL Exam-2018








Table of Contents:

Latest Edition-Updated May 2018

Indian History – Important Dates

Governors Of Bengal (1757–74)

Governor-generals of India (1833–58)

Important Congress Session

World History: Important Dates

Offices Under Government of India

Countries and Their Main Produces/Industries

River Side Cities

Important Lines and Boundaries

Zonal Railways

Geographical Facts about Nations of The World

Biggest, Highest and Largest in The World

Highest Mountain Peaks of The World

Five Year Plans in India

Scientific Instruments

S.I. Units

Metals and Their Ores

Alloys & Their Uses

International Organisation

Olympic Games

Asian Games

Trophies and Cups

Places Associated With Sports

Popular Names of Eminent Persons (Sobriquets)

Famous Tourist Spots of India

Famous Sites Of World

Wonders Of The World

Pulitzer Prize

Ramon Magsaysay Award

Grammy Awards

Bharat Ratna

Padma Awards

Dada Saheb Phalke Award

Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna Award

Sahitya Akademi Award

Jnanpith Award

List of Jnanpith Awardees

Books By Indian Authors

Books And Authors (In News)

Important Geography Facts for all Competition Exams





























1) Which of the following is/are correct about Hampi?

  1. It is located in Krishna-Cauvery basin
  2. It was the capital of Vijayanagara empire
  3. Cementing agent was excessively used by the kings for forts
  4. It is a part of HRIDAY programme
  5. a) Only 2
  6. b) Only 1, 2 and 3
  7. c) Only 1 and 2
  8. d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Solution: a

2) Consider the following statement

  1. The songs compilations of Nayanars are Tevaramand tiruvakam
  2. Andal is a famous woman Nayanar saint

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Both 1 and 2
  4. d) Neither 1 nor 2

              Solution: a 

 3) Which of the following statements is/are correct?

  1. Sikhism has influences of Bhakti tradition
  2. It is a syncretic religion
  3. Guru Arjan gave it a militaristic outlook
  4. a) Only 1
  5. b) Only 2 and 3
  6. c) Only 1 and 2
  7. d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution: c

4) Which of the following is/are NOT correct ?

  1. Lilatilakam a 14thcentury text dealt with grammar and politics
  2. It was composed in manipravalamlanguage
  3. Manipravalamwas a mixture of Sanskrit and tamil

Select the correct answer using codes below

  1. a) Only 1 and 2
  2. b) Only 2 and 3
  3. c) Only 3
  4. d) Only 1 and 3

               Solution: c

5) Jagannatha temple at Puri is a pilgrimage centre today. Which of the following is/are correct about it?

  1. It is a based on Vaishnavite cult
  2. The deity has a tribal inspiration
  3. The temple was built by King Anangabhima III

Select the correct answer using the code below.

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2 and 3
  3. c) Only 1 and 2
  4. d) 1, 2 and 3

              Solution: c

  1. Which of the following is NOT correct about Kathak?
  2. a) It is hugely influenced by Bhakti movement
  3. b) It is a dance form which narrates stories
  4. c) It was disallowed in Mughal courts
  5. d) It is one of the Classical dances today

  Solution: c

7) Which of the following is/are responsible for the downfall of Hindu states during medieval India?

  1. Lack of unity among them.
  2. Outdated military methods used by them.
  3. Work division based on Varna system.
  4. a) Only 2
  5. b) Only 1 and 2
  6. c) 1, 2 and 3
  7. d) Only 1 and 3

  Solution: c

8) Consider the following statements

  1. Iltumish patronized the great scholar Hasan Nizami
  2. Qutbuddin Aibak was called Lakh Bakshby the Muslim writer

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Both 1 and 2
  4. d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: b

  1. Who was the first Sultan to impose irrigation tax?
  1. Match the following

a) Muhammad bin Tughlaq

b) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

c) Allauddin Khilji

d) Iltumish

Solution: b                                                                                 

  1. Ariz-i-mumalikheaded the military department under the Delhi Sultana technology.

Which of the following is /are correct about him?

  1. He was responsible for recruiting the soldiers and administering the military department.
  2. He was commander in chief of the Army

Select the correct answers using code below

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Both 1 and 2
  4. d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: a

11)Which of the following is /are correct about Jiziya?

  1. Jiziyawas not a separate tax since beginning under Muslim rule
  2. At times Brahmins were exempted from paying Jiziya
  3. Firoz Tughlaq made it a part of Land Tax

Select the correct answers using the codes below

  1. a) Only 1 and 2
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Only 2 and 3
  4. d) Only 1

Solution: a

 12) Consider the following statements

  1. Tughlaq   architecture combined both arch and dome features
  2. They mostly used red sand stone for their building.
  3. Muhammad bin Tughlaq built the city Tughlaqabad.

Which of the above statements is /are NOT correct?

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Only 2 and 3
  4. d) Only 3

Solution: c

  1. Which of the following is NOT correct about Vishishtadvaitaphilosophy propounded by Ramanujacharya?

a) God is a Saguna Brahman

b) Self-surrender to God is the way to achieve him

c) Soul and matter are not Real

d) His philosophy was rooted in Vaishnavism


14) Which of the following is/are feature/features of Swadeshi movement?

  1. Emphasis on self-reliance
  2. Extensive participation of the peasantry
  3. Cultural revivalism

a) Only 3

b) Only 2 and 3

c) Only 1 and 3

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution: c

15) Consider the following statements

  1. The first session of Indian National Congress was presided by W.C Banerjee.
  2. Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay addressed the session in 1885

Which of the above statement is/are NOT correct?

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Both 1 and 2
  4. d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: b

  1. Who started the newspaper Al Hilal?

a) Maulana Azad

b) Mohammmad Ali

c) Hasrat Mohani

d) Muhammad Ali Jinnah

Solution: a

 17) Which of the following was/were a part of Vivekananda’s ideas ?

  1. Fundamental oneness of God.
  2. Social action along with knowledge.
  3. Usage of Modern science and technology for the development of the nation

a) Only 1 and 2

b) Only 2

c) Only 1 and 3

d) 1, 2 and 3

Solution: d

18) Consider the following statements

  1. Servants of Indian Society were founded by Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
  2. Sudharakwas the periodical which projected the views of the Society
  3. Gopal Ganesh Aaykar started the periodical Sudharak

Which of the above statements is /are correct?

  1. a) Only 1 and 3
  2. b) 1,2 and 3
  3. c) Only 1 and 2
  4. d) Only 1

Solution: a

 19) Which of the following statements is/are correct ?

  1. Social service league was founded by Narayan Malhar Joshi
  2. He was one of the founding members of All India Trade Union Congress.

Select the correct answer using the code below

  1. a) Only 1
  2. b) Only 2
  3. c) Both 1 and 2
  4. d) Neither 1 nor 2

Solution: c

Women’s Organisations                                                     Founder

  1. Bharat Stree Mahamandal                                  Mehribai Tata
  2. Bharat Mahila Parishad                                      Sarala Devi Chaudhurani
  3. Arya Mahila Samaj                                             Pandita Ramabai
  4. National Council of women in India           Ramabai Ranade

1             2            3            4

  1. a) D          B           C           A
  2. b) B            D          C            A
  3. c) B            D          A            C
  4. d) D           B          A            C

Solution: b

 21) Which of the following ideas was/were supported by Dayanand Saraswati?

  1. A classless and casteless society
  2. Vedic nation of Chaturvana system
  3. Infallibility of Vedas and Puranas

1.a) Only 2 and 3

b) Only 2

c) 1,2 and 3

d) Only 1 and 2

 Solution: d


Important Current Affairs Quiz 26th May

Que. 1 North Korea has carried out demolition of which nuclear test site?






Que. 2 Which country tested its first drone-carried meteorological data monitor to undertake atmospheric observations?






Que. 3 Which bank has launched its Digital Loans against Mutual Funds scheme?

1.HDFC Bank

2.ICICI Bank

3.Axis Bank

4.Kotak Mahindra Bank

5.DCB Bank

Que. 4 As per RBI, banks’ credit grew by _________% from May 2017 to May 2018.






Que. 5 Tapan Ray has been appointed as non executive chairperson of which bank?

1.Canara Bank

2.Central Bank of India

3.Sindh Bank

4.Dena Bank 

5.Allahabad Bank

Que. 6 India has launched a collaborative research programme on HIV/AIDS with ________ and ________.

1.Germany and Netherlands

2.Germany and France

3.France and Belgium

4.Netherlands and Sweden

5.Finland and Denmark

Que. 7 Which of the following is hosting the ASEAN India Film Festival 2018?



3.New Delhi 

4.Kuala Lumpur


Que. 8 Name the software launched in Rajasthan for presumptive diagnosis and monitoring of diseases.






Que-9 Where will India’s first national sports university be set up?






Que. 10 Who has won the India Biodiversity Award 2018 in the category of ‘Conservation of wildlife species’?

1.Paryavaram Mitra portal 

2.Singchung Bugun Community Reserve

3.The National Audubon Society

4.Fauna and Flora international

5.Kalpavriksh Environment Action Group

Que. 11 Name the 1st country in south-east Asia to eliminate Trachoma.






 Que. 12 Who has been conferred with the Nari Shakti Puraskar 2017?

1.INSV Tarini team 

2.Manika Batra 

3.Indian women’s cricket team

4.Indian women’s CWG shooting team

5.Indian Army women officers Bhagirathi expedition team

Que. 13 Who has been appointed as the Chairman of the Press Council of India (PCI)?

1.Justice Markandey Katju

2.Justice Chandramauli Kumar Prasad

3.Justice Gyan Sudha Misra

4.Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar

5.Justice Sujatha Manohar

Que. 14 ‘Surya Kiran’ is a joint military exercise between India and ________.






Que. 15 Which stock exchange has launched India’s first silver options contracts?

1.Inter-connected Stock Exchange of India

2.Multi Commodity Exchange

3.India International Exchange

4.United Stock Exchange of India

5.Bhubaneswar Stock Exchange

Que. 16 Who has been appointed as the new Vice Chief of Army Staff (VCOAS)?

1.Balwant Singh Negi

2.Devraj Anbu

3.Sunil Srivastava

4.Manoj Pande

5.Cherish Mathson

Que. 17 Read the following statements:

Minister for Skill Development and Entrepreneurship has launched the Samagra Shiksha scheme.

Samagra Shiksha scheme focuses on quality of school education from pre-school to senior secondary levels.

The scheme will enhance the use of digital technology in education.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

1.Only 1

2.1 and 3

3.2 and 3

4.Only 3

5.1, 2 and 3

Que. 18 Which actor will endorse the BHIM app & the Women Entrepreneurship Platform?


2.Varun Dhawan

3.Salman Khan

4.Sushant Singh Rajput

5.Vicky Kaushal

 Que. 19 UNICEF has launched a ‘data visualization app’ to provide a user-friendly visual representation of analytics of which sector?






Que. 20 Who has been appointed as MD & CEO of Airtel Payments Bank?

1.Anubrata Biswas

2.Shashi Roy

3.Gagan Phadnis

4.Shekhar Dutta

5.Ram Kishan Narang




Answer Key:-

 1-2        2-3        3-1       4-4        5-2

6-4       7-3       8-1       9-2       10-2

11-4    12-1    13-2    14-4       15-2

16-2   17-3   18-4     19-3        20-1


Rajasthan : History,Arts,Culture,Literature : Useful For RAS,RJS,Lecturers Etc.



Rajasthan has a rich heritage of its peculiar Art Culture & Architecture. Many of these art forms have survived through ages and are even part of present culture of Rajasthan. The architectural beauty of Rajasthan is world renowned, forts, palaces, havelis, tombs, cenotaph and sculptures present across the geography of state, reveal the blend of multiple dynasties that ruled the ancient lands. The glittering jewellery and attractive handicrafts of Rajasthan have caught the fantasy of the people around the world.
Rajasthan has a tradition of highly cultivated music & dance forms. The music is uncomplicated, raw and songs depict daily chores. The Kalbelia dance of Jaisalmer and Ghoomar dance from Udaipur have gained recognition internationally. Folk music is an integral part of Rajasthani culture. Ballads, Bhopas relate heroic deeds, love stories through folk songs.
Rajasthan is also famous for textiles, semi-precious stone work and its traditional & colorful handicrafts. Rajasthan is also one of the cultural centres for miniature painting art with its unique Rajasthani or Rajputana School of painting.


Important Current Affairs Quiz 25th May

Que. 1 India ranks ________ in terms of global economy competitiveness.






Que. 2 As per ESPN World Fame 100 list, who is the most popular athlete in the world?

  1. Serena Williams
  2. Roger Federer
  3. Rory McIlroy
  4. Cristiano Ronaldo
  5. Lewis Hamilton

Que. 3 When will the Election Commission launch the “Model Code of Conduct Violation Reporting App”?

  1. Before Chhattisgarh Legislative Assembly election, 2018
  2. Before Rajasthan Legislative Assembly elections 2018
  3. Before Indian general election, 2019
  4. Before Indian general election, 2024
  5. Before Tripura Legislative Assembly elections 2018

Que. 4 What is the name of world’s largest international maritime warfare exercise?

  1. Rim of the Pacific (RIMPAC)
  2. Prasthan
  3. International Mine Countermeasures Exercise (IMCMEX)
  4. Exercise Malabar
  5. International Maritime Exercise (IMX)

Que. 5 With which firm has NITI Ayog inked a pact to spread electric mobility, robotics and AI in India?


2.ABB India

3.Schneider Electric



Que. 6 Where will the world’s largest bird sculpture soon be inaugurated?

1.Rio de Janeiro





Que. 7 What is the joint US-German space mission to track the global water cycle called?


Que. 8 Cabinet has given its approval to the MoU between India & Denmark regarding cooperation in ________.

  1. Wind energy
  2. Solar energy
  3. Food safety
  4. Defence
  5. Space research

Que. 9 Read the following statements:

  1. Corporate bond repo is where a firm or a bank pledges corporate bonds with another company or lender to garner funds.
  2. RBI and SEBI have allowed BSE to launch repo in corporate debt securities.
  3. Corporate repo debt will be launched in 2 models – Basket repo and Special repo.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

1. Only 2

2. 1 and 3

3. 2 and 3

4. Only 1

5.1, 2 and 3

Que. 10 Shanghai Cooperation Organisation-Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure Legal Experts meeting will be held in ________.

  1. Beijing
  2. New Delhi
  3. Islamabad
  4. Almati
  5. Sochi

Que. 11 Under the aegis of which naval command is the exercise ‘Prasthan’ conducted every 6 months?

  1. Western Naval Command
  2. Eastern Naval Command
  3. Southern Naval Command
  4. Andaman and Nicobar Command
  5. Lakshadweep Naval Command

Que. 12 Paytm AshaKiran aims at educating which of the following about financial services?

  1. School students
  2. Urban youth
  3. Rural youth
  4. Urban women
  5. Rural women

Que. 13 Name the Mukhyamantri Career Counseling programme of Madhya Pradesh.

  1. Sahara
  2. Sahayak
  3. Pahal
  4. Saarthi
  5. Rozgar

Que. 14 As per Lancet, India ranked ________ in healthcare access among 195 countries.







Que. 15 How many left wing extremism-affected states will receive mobile services through the Universal Service Obligation Fund (USOF)?






Que. 16 Which of the following is not the subject of any MoU signed between India and France in 2018?

  1. Drug control
  2. Technical cooperation in railways
  3. Renewable energy
  4. Space cooperation
  5. Sustainable urban development

Que. 17 Who has been sworn in as Karnataka’s 24th chief minister?

1.H. D. Kumaraswamy

2.G Parameshwara

3.B. S. Yeddyurappa

4.Jagadish Shettar

5.Shobha Karandlaje

Que. 18 Which city is hosting the 4th Smart Cities India 2018 Expo?

  1. Bhubaneswar
  2. New Delhi
  3. Ahmedabad
  4. Bengaluru
  5. Mumbai

Que. 19 The latest amendment to Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code classifies which of the following as “financial creditors”?

  1. Car buyers
  2. Students
  3. Corporate houses
  4. Home buyers
  5. Farmers

Que. 20 Which cricketer holds the records for scoring the fastest fifty, hundred and 150 in ODIs?

  1. Ricky Ponting
  2. AB de Villiers
  3. Chris Gayle
  4. Virat Kohli
  5. Jacques Kallis


Answer Key:-

1-2      2- 4     3-  3      4- 1

5-2       6-3      7- 1      8- 3

9-5      10- 3     11-  1     12-  5

13-3      14- 5     15-  2       16-4

17-1       18-2       19-4      20- 2



प्राचीन इतिहास – राजस्थान (RAS/RTS-2018 NOTES HINDI)




Important Daily Current Affairs Quiz 24rd May

Many of you have been practicing a lot for your upcoming exams. Thus, to give you a head start we thought of helping you by bringing out daily current affairs quiz on PSC,SSC,Banking, Insurance,Railways and various other exams that will help you boost up your preparation a lot more. Moreover, this quiz contains expected questions which match the Exam Pattern of most of the Government Job Exams and Banking Exams.

Make sure to attempt this Important Current Affairs Quiz 24rd May 2018 and improve your preparation level.

Que. 1 Read the following statements:

  1. Mission Innovation is a global platform of 23 countries & European Union.
  2. It aims to accelerate artificial intelligence innovations through government funding and public-private sector partnership.
  3. India is one of the founding members of Mission Innovation.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

1.Only 2

2.Only 3

3.1 and 2

4.1 and 3

5.1, 2 and 3

Que. 2- the 71st Session of the WHO’s World Health Assembly was held from 21 to 26 May 2018 in ________.






Que. 3 Which is the most active volcano in Indonesia?

1.Mount Yasur

2.Mount Erebus

3.Mount Merapi

  1. Mount Kilimanjaro
  2. Mount Tambora

Que. 4 Name the new IRCTC scheme for passengers in wait-listing to provide berth in another train.

  4. SARAL

Que. 5 Read the following statements:

  1. Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana was launched in 2015 for providing loans to MSMEs.
  2. PM Mudra Yojna funds non-corporate non-farm enterprises with credit needs upto 10 lakh.
  3. Finance Ministry has tied up with 40 entities to extend loans under Mudra scheme.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2
  3. 1 and 2
  4. 2 and 3
  5. 1, 2 and 3

Que. 6 Which airline has commenced the first commercial flight in Arunachal Pradesh?


2. Spice Jet

3.Air Asia India

4.Alliance Air


Que. 7 Which of the following countries has “Major Defence Partner” status from USA?

  1. Philippines
  2. India
  3. Japan
  4. South Korea
  5. China

Que. 8 Who won the Man Booker International Prize for works of translated fiction?

  1. Lydia Davis
  2. Olga Tokarczuk
  3. László Krasznahorkai
  4. Han Kang
  5. David Grossman

Que. 9 Who has won the Italian Open 2018 women’s title?

  1. Elina Svitolina
  2. Simona Halep
  3. Serena Williams
  4. Dinara Safina
  5. Svetlana Kuznetsova

Que. 10 Who has been appointed as the part-time official director of BHEL?

1.Ranjit Rae

2. Amitabh Mathur

3. Praveen L Agrawal

4. Surama Padhy

5. Rajesh Kishore

Que. 11 Who is the Chief of Air Staff in Indian Air Force?

  1. Subroto Mukherjee
  2. BS Dhanoa
  3. Shirish Baban Deo
  4. Dalbir Singh
  5. Arup Raha

Que. 12 Who will become the first female president of the New York Stock Exchange?

  1. Stacey Cunningham
  2. Nikki Hailey
  3. Kayla Brownwood
  4. Elizabeth Gordon
  5. Emily Rosenhan

Que. 13 India has dragged US to WTO dispute settlement mechanism over import duties on ________.

  1. Aluminum and copper
  2. Natural or cultured pearls
  3. Iron and steel
  4. Pharmaceuticals
  5. Steel and aluminum

Que. 14 Where is New Development Bank (NDB) planning to launch its Americas Regional Office?

  1. USA
  2. Canada
  3. Argentina
  4. Brazil
  5. Mexico

Que. 15 Where is the Bank Note Paper Mill India (BNPM) plant located?

  1. Bangalore
  2. Mysore
  3. Mangalore
  4. Hoshangabad
  5. Chennai

Que. 16 Which of the following exchanges has launched country’s first copper options contracts?

  1. National Stock Exchange
  2. Multi Commodity Exchange
  3. Inter Connected Stock Exchange
  4. Bombay Stock Exchange
  5. India International Exchange

Que. 17 According to NITI Aayog, by when will India achieve 9% growth?

  1. 2020
  2. 2025
  3. 2022
  4. 2028
  5. 2030

Que. 18 Who has become the first Sikh cabinet minister of Malaysia?

  1. Gurdas Pal Singh
  2. Harkirat Singh
  3. Nimrata Kaul
  4. Gobind Singh Deo
  5. Harinder Sidhu

Que. 19 Which important environment related day is observed on 22nd May?

  1. World Biodiversity Day
  2. World Energy Conservation Day
  3. World Earth Day
  4. World Water Day
  5. World Wildlife Day

Que. 20 In which Indian wildlife sanctuaries will a joint operation between India and Nepal be conducted to control poaching?

1.Barda Wildlife Sanctuary

2.Nargu Wildlife Sanctuary

3.Krishnapur Wildlife Sanctuary

4.Talakaveri Wildlife Sanctuary

5.Sonanandi Wildlife Sanctuary


Answer Key:-

1-4       2-2      3-3      4-1       5-5

6-4      7-2      8-2      9-1      10-3

11-2    12-1    13-5    14-4   15-2

16-2    17-3    18-4    19-1   20-3

राजस्थान का भूगोल:राजस्थान सिविल सेवा परीक्षा-2018






Daily Current Affairs Quiz-23 May

Que. 1  UAE has allowed foreign investors to own ________% of UAE based businesses by end of 2018.






Que. 2 Who will be conferred with the Banga Bibhushan award for 2018?

  1. Asha Bhosle

2. Ustad Ali Ahmed Hussein Khan

3. Alka Yagnik

4. Soumitra Chatterjee

5. Kamini Das

Que. 3 Where has India’s first advisory centre for Energy Regulation been set up?


2. Guwahati

3. Kanpur

4. Indore

5. Kharagpur

Que. 4 In which city has Bank of Baroda launched its first integrated SME Loan Factory?

  1. Faridabad

2. New Delhi

3. Ghaziabad

4. Gurugram

5. Manesar

Que. 5 National Crime Records Bureau is in the process of creating a national registry of crimes against ________.

  1. Women

2. Senior Citizens

3. Children below 12 years

4. Special needs children

5. Physically disabled persons

Que. 6 Which country will host the 2018 West Asian Football Federation Championship?

  1. Kuwait

2. Iran

3. Saudi Arabia

4. Iraq

5. Lebanon

Que. 7 Who heads the committee on framing new data protection norms for India?

  1. Dalveer Bhandari

2. B. N. Srikrishna

3. Ruma Pal

4. K.G. Balakrishnan

5. H.D. Kumaraswamy

Que. 8 Read the following statements:

  1. Nipah virus infection is transmitted from animals to humans.
  2. The Nipah virus belongs to a new genus termed Henipavirus.
  3. The symptoms of Nipah virus infection are similar to influenza symptoms.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

1.Only 1

2.Only 2

3.2 and 3

4.1 and 3

5.1, 2 and 3

Que. 9 Who is the first person to be put on India’s “National No Fly List”?

  1. Ashish Kathuria

2. Milan Luthra

3. Shilpa Desai

4. Mohammad Israr

5. Birju Salla

Que. 10 Who has been named RTS Jury chief for the International Shooting Sports Federation World Cup?

  1. Pawan Singh

2. Jerry Miculek

3. Miroslav Sipek

4. Marcus Raab

5. Dinesh Kushwaha

Que. 11 Who is the only player to have won the European Golden Shoe 5 times?

  1. Cristiano Ronaldo

2. Lionel Messi

3. Mohamed Salah

4. Ciro Immobile

5. Neymar da Silva

Que. 12 World’s first communication satellite operating from moon belongs to which country?






Que. 13Name the third country to move its embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv.





5.El Salvador

Que. 14 Under whose chairmanship has a task force been set up to include artificial intelligence in defence forces?

  1. Cyrus Mistry

2. Rajesh Gopinath

3. N. Chandrasekaran

4. F. C. Kohli

5. Vishal Sikka

Que. 15 Who is the winner of Rome Masters Tennis Tournament 2018?

1.Andy Murray

2.Rafael Nadal

3.Roger Federer

4.Alexander Zverev

5.Juan Martin Del Potro

Que. 16 Rating agency ICRA expects GDP growth in January-March 2017-18 at ________%.






Que. 17 Which country won the Asian Hockey Champions Trophy 2018?


2.South Korea




Que. 18 For which state has NABARD sanctioned LED solar street lighting system?



3.Himachal Pradesh


5.Arunachal Pradesh

Que. 19 BrahMos supersonic cruise missile is a joint venture between India and ________.






Que. 20 Who has been selected the president of Venezuela?

1. Leopoldo Lopez

2.Julio Borges

3.Nicolas Maduro

4.Delcy Rodriguez

5.Cilia Flores



Answer key

1 – 2      2-1         3-3            4-4           5-1

6-4       7-2        8-5         9-5            10-1

11-2     12-5     13-2        14-3           15-2

16-4    17-2     18-5      19-1           20-3

Important Current Affairs Quiz 21th May

Que. 1 AYUSH is the acronym of the medical systems that are being practiced in India. Which among the following is not a part of AYUSH?

  1. Ayurveda
  2. Siddha
  3. Unani
  4. Naturopathy
  5. Vipassana

Que. 2 Name the Indian charity that won an award at the Asian Voice Charity Awards 2018?

  1. GetVidya
  2. Jagriti Yatra
  3. Kalvialaya
  4. Helping minds
  5. Shantmanas

Que. 3 Consider the following statements:

(1) The Green Good Deeds campaign was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Sikkim in 2018.

(2) The movement aims to protect the environment and promote good living in the country.

(3) The Green Good Deeds campaign got the global recognition when SCO Ministerial on Environment in China agreed to include it in its official agenda in the next Ministerial in Russia.

Which of the above statement/s is/are true regarding the Green Good Deeds campaign?

  1. Only (1)
  2. Only (2)
  3. Both (1) and (2)
  4. Both (1) and (3)
  5. All of the above

Que. 4 Who among the following recently resigned before facing a crucial trust vote in the Karnataka assembly?

  1. Siddaramaiah
  2. B. S. Yeddyurappa
  3. H. D. Kumaraswamy
  4. D. K. Shivakumar
  5. D. V. Sadananda Gowda

Que. 5 The UN Human Rights Council on May 20, 2018 voted to send a team of International War Crimes Investigators to?

  1. 1. Gaza
  2. Rakhine State
  3. Gilgit-Baltistan
  4. Damascus
  5. Jerusalem

Que. 6 Consider the following statements:

 (1) The Northeast Frontier Railway has started operating one lease Parcel Cargo Express Train (PCET) on fortnightly basis.

(2) It will connect the Northeastern part of the country to the West Coast.

(3) The route of this Parcel Cargo Express Train is – New Guwahati in Assam to Bhopal in Madhya Pradesh.

Which of the above statement/s is/are true regarding the Parcel Cargo Express Train?

  1. Both (1) and (2)
  2. Both (2) and (3)
  3. Only (2)
  4. Only (1)
  5. All of the above

Que. 7 Name the country that has recently unveiled the World’s first floating nuclear power station.

  1. U.S.
  2. Japan
  3. China
  4. Russia
  5. U.K.

Que. 8 Which film won the ‘Palme d’Or’, at the 2018 Cannes Film Festival?

  1. The Shape of Water
  2. BlacKkKlansman
  3. Capernaum
  4. Shoplifters
  5. The Image Book

Que. 9 Who among the following has topped the Women’s Tennis Association singles rankings as of 14 May, 2018?

  1. Garbine Muguruza
  2. Simona Halep
  3. Caroline Garcia
  4. Jelena Ostapenko
  5. Venus Williams

Que. 10 Venture Capital Symposium 2018 aims to deepen the economic relationship between India and which other country?

  1. U.S.
  2. UAE
  3. France
  4. China
  5. Japan

Que. 11 the 330 MW Kishenganga hydropower projects, which was recently inaugurated by PM Modi is located in which state?

  1. Uttarakhand
  2. Jammu and Kashmir
  3. Andhra Pradesh
  4. Himachal Pradesh
  5. Sikkim

Que. 12 Name the bank that has approved a $220 million loan and an $80 million guarantee for the India Energy Efficiency Scale-Up Program.

  1. Asian Development Bank
  2. World Bank
  3. European Investment Bank
  4. Nordic Investment Bank
  5. New Development Bank

Que. 13 Mark Rutte, who will be visiting India soon, is the Prime Minister of which European country?

  1. Netherlands
  2. Greece
  3. Poland
  4. Norway
  5. Hungary

Que. 14 Anil Kumar Jha has been appointed as the Chairman-Cum-Managing Director of which Maharatna company?

  1. Indian Oil Corporation Limited
  2. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
  3. National Thermal Power Corporation
  4. Steel Authority of India Limited
  5. Coal India Limited

Que. 15 Which state government has decided to provide free treatment to victims of road accident cases within its state limits?

  1. Tamil Nadu
  2. Uttar Pradesh
  3. Madhya Pradesh
  4. Gujarat
  5. Maharashtra

Que. 16 B B Vyas, who was recently given one-year extension in the service is the Chief Secretary of which state?

  1. Madhya Pradesh
  2. Gujarat
  3. Kerela
  4. Jammu and Kashmir
  5. Arunachal Pradesh

Que. 17 Who has been named as the new president of Hockey India?

  1. Mariamma Koshy
  2. Narinder Batra
  3. Himanta Biswa Sarma
  4. Mridul Bhadauria
  5. Rajinder Singh

Que. 18 What was the theme of 2018 International Museum Day?

  1. Hyperconnected museums: New approaches, new publics
  2. Museums and contested histories: Saying the unspeakable in museums
  3. Museums and Cultural Landscapes
  4. Museums for a sustainable society
  5. Museum collections make connections

Que. 19 Information Technology Minister of which state was recently honoured with the Digital Leader of the Year award during the Businessworld Digital India Summit 2018?

  1. Telangana
  2. Tamil Nadu
  3. Kerala
  4. Andhra Pradesh
  5. Maharashtra

Que. 20 Who has been appointed as the new Secretary of the Information and Broadcasting Ministry?

  1. Anup Wadhawan
  2. Amit Khare
  3. M M Kutty
  4. Rina Ray
  5. Binoy Kumar


Answer Key:

1-5             2-2              3-2               4-2                  5-1

6-1            7-4              8-4               9-2                 10-3

11-2          12-1            13-1              14-5                 15-4

16-4        17-5          18-1                19-4                20-2









MCQ april 2018




  • Govt to restore Jhalawar’s Parsi opera theater
  • Rajasthan government will restore the historical Parsi Opera Theater of Jhalawar considering its heritage and tourism value.
  • The theatre, named Bhawani Natyashala, was constructed by the then Maharaja of Jhalawar Royal State Bhawani Singh in 1921.
  • As the theatre is completing 100 years of its institution in 2021, the state government has decided to revive it. The department of archaeology and museums will carry out the restoration work. The government has allocated ₹5 crore for the restoration of Bhawani Natyashala Famous plays such as Abhigyan Shakuntalam, Rana Pratap, Bhul Bhulaiyya, Mahabharat and Raja Harish Chandra were staged at Bhawani Natyashala situated near Garh Palace in Jhalawar till 1950.
  • India 3rd largest solar market in world: Mercom
  • India emerged as the third largest solar market in the world in 2017 behind China and the US, Mercom Communications India said in a report.
  • As per the report, India set a new record with 9.6 GW of solar installations in 2017, which was more than double the 4.3 GW installed in 2016.
  • The robust growth boosted the country’s total solar installed capacity to 19.6 GW as of December 2017, it added.
  • Delhi projected to become world’s most populous city around 2028: UN report
  • Delhi is projected to become the most populous city in the world around 2028, according to new United Nations estimates, which said India is expected to add the largest number of urban dwellers by 2050.
  • The 2018 Revision of World Urbanisation Prospects produced by the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA) said that 68 per cent of the world population is projected to live in urban areas by 2050.
  • Currently, 55 per cent of the world’s population lives in urban areas.


History of Rajasthan: Practice Solved Papers

history of Rajasthan MCQ




Consider the following statement and choose the right answer:

  1. It is an archaeological site of Ahar-Banas Culture located in Vallabhnagar Tehsil of Rajasthan.
  2. It is located on banks of Katar River.
  3. The site was discovered by V. N. Misra during a survey in 1962-63.
  4. This ancient site was occupied during two cultural periods: the Chalcolithic and the Early Historic.                                                                                                  1. Gilund

2. Ahar


4. Balathal

Who Constructed Harshnath Temple in Sikar?

Durlabha-raja I

Govinda-raja I

Chandra-raja II

Govindaraja II

Consider the following statement and choose the right answer:

  1. This movement was organized at Matrakundiya parganas in Chittor in Udaipur.
  2. Mahrana Fateh Singh was the ruler.
  3. The farmers of the region organized this revolt against the excess land-revenue.

What is the name of this Revolt?

  1. Mev Farmers Movement, 1932-35
  2. Jat Farmers Movement, 1880
  3. Alwar Famers Movement, 1921
  4. Marwar Peasant Movement, 1923

Daily Current Affairs:19 May 2018

HC quashes EC’s order disqualifying M.P. Minister

The Delhi High Court on Friday quashed the Election Commission’s order to disqualify Madhya Pradesh Minister Narottam Mishra for three years on charges of paid news.A Bench of Justices S. Ravindra Bhat and Sunil Gaur said there was no proof to show he incurred expenses, directly or indirectly, on news articles favouring him. The court allowed the plea of Mr. Mishra, a five-time elected member of the Madhya Pradesh Assembly, challenging the poll panel’s June 23, 2017, decision disqualifying him.

The EC had held that since Mr. Mishra had knowledge of all the 42 news items that had appeared in five Hindi dailies and he failed to disavow the same, it amounted to implied authorisation. Its order had come on a complaint by Congress leader Rajendra Bharti, who had contested against Mr. Mishra.

 Cauvery  water Dispute

The court also did not accept Karnataka’s submission that certain clauses in the draft scheme compelled the States to furnish an indent for the supplies required by them on each reservoir site.

It observed that this apprehension was “wholly unnecessary” as the Tribunal Award has already quantified the volume of river water to be shared and apportioned it among the States.

The court further found it unnecessary to pursue any contempt of court action against the Centre for not framing the draft scheme within the deadline given in the February 16 judgment.

Row over Bopaiah as pro tem Speaker

While the Speaker’s decision on disqualification of MLAs was upheld by the Karnataka High Court, the Supreme Court had quashed the disqualification. The Supreme Court had then made strong observations saying Mr. Bopaiah acted in “hot haste” and the proceedings he conducted on the disqualification application filed by B.S. Yeddyurappa did not meet the twin tests of natural justice and fair play.

Convention ignored

Conventionally, the senior most MLA is appointed the pro tem Speaker. Mr. Bopaiah name was not in the list of three senior most MLAs recommended by the Karnataka Assembly Secretariat. However, the Cabinet with B.S. Yeddyurappa as its sole member now, chose to recommend Mr. Bopaiah’s name to the Governor, which was accepted, sources confirmed.

The three names recommended by the Assembly secretariat include R.V. Deshpande, a eight time Congress MLA, the senior most in the house, B.S. Yeddyurappa himself, also an eight time MLA from the BJP and Umesh Katti, a seven time MLA from the BJP.

Earlier, before the controversy over the pro tem speaker broke out, Congress chief Rahul Gandhi claimed legal victory with the Supreme Court ordering the floor test on Saturday but accused the BJP of trying to “steal” the mandate.

“Today’s Supreme Court order vindicates our stand that Governor Vala acted unconstitutionally. The BJP’s bluff that it will form the Govt., even without the numbers, has been called out by the court. Stopped legally, they will now try money & muscle, to steal the mandate,” Mr. Gandhi said on Twitter.

“I think the BJP knows that it is facing and staring at certain defeat, I think the BJP knows that it has lost politically, legally, constitutionally, but above all morally,” said Dr Abhishek Manu Singhvi, senior lawyer and Congress spokesperson.

Calling it a landmark judgment, former Law Minister said the order of the highest court comes as a welcome assurance that democracy and constitutionalism have taken deep roots in India. Hope fully no Governor will in future exercise high constitutional power whimsically and arbitrary.

Delhi HC slaps notices on Internet bigwigs

Poser while hearing Kathua rape case

The Delhi High Court on Friday asked several Internet giants and social media platforms whether they had “safeguards” in place to make people accountable for their posts.

The question was posed to Facebook, Google, YouTube, Twitter and other social networking sites during the hearing of a case initiated by the court against media houses for disclosing identity of the Kathua rape victim. “You have to put some safeguard in place so that somebody who is posting something [on your platform] is made accountable,” a Bench of acting Chief Justice Gita Mittal and Justice C. Hari Shankar observed.

The Bench also issued notices to the companies after their Indian subsidiaries said they were not the concerned entity to reply to the court’s notice on the issue.

When the issue of self-monitoring of removing objectionable post or content came up during the hearing, the counsel for Facebook India said that the Supreme Court’s 2015 verdict in the Shreya Singhal case had made it out of bounds for them. The counsel said that any request for take-down of objectionable or offensive contents has to be though the appropriate government authority or a court order.

The Bench, however, pointed out that despite its order to remove posts and links on the Internet which reveal the identity of the Kathua rape victim, many individuals kept posting them, including from abroad. “This kind of publication is extremely irresponsible,” the court said.

Clean air policy needs more focus on health issue

Doctors say draft NCAP falls short

Twenty-four Indian healthcare professionals, including two who are currently posted at the Indian research station in Antartica, have told the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) that the draft policy for the National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) falls short of their expectations.

‘Enough evidence’

“We believe there is enough research and evidence on the fact that air pollution is causing havoc to the health and well-being of people,” the doctors stated in the letter addressed to MoEFCC Minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan, suggesting that more emphasis be given to health. They recommend two measures — to mitigate adverse health impacts of air pollution and make provisions for the betterment of affected populations.

“This policy can bring down the disease burden drastically. Therefore, we want health to be given much more importance in the policy,” said Dr. Ravindra Khaiwal, Additional Professor, Environment Health, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, one of the 24 signatories. He added that air pollution is commonly linked only with respiratory diseases but it also contributes to non-communicable diseases like cardiovascular ailments.

The doctors cited a report that stated that household air pollution was responsible for 5% of the total disease burden in India in 2016, and outdoor air pollution for 6%. The contribution of air pollution to the disease burden remained high in India between 1990 and 2016, with levels of exposure among the highest in the world. “It causes burden through a mix of non- communicable and infectious diseases, mainly cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, and lower respiratory infections”, the report stated.

Activists’ suggestions

The Clean Air Collective, a group of activists and citizens, has also sent its recommendations for the NCAP draft policy, demanding that it should cover emission targets, waste management, strengthening of non-motorized transport, among others.

“MoEFCC should incorporate 35% reduction in three years and 50% reduction in five years as targets to make NCAP effective and impactful. It must have a holistic approach to tackle the issue of stubble management. To decongest the traffic more emphasis must be given on promoting/strengthening the Non-Motorized Transport (NMT) and public transportation, which are long term sustainable solutions highlighted under the National Urban Transport Policy,” read a letter sent to the Ministry on Thursday.

Online resource for academicians soon

They can connect with experts, access books and journals in their fields of study

University and college teachers across the country will soon be able to connect with experts in their fields of study and also pose queries on academic questions that they wish resolved through suggestions offered by these experts or other teachers of their discipline.

A National Resource Centre, envisaged as a one-stop point for Indian academicians to enhance their research and teaching skills, will make such cooperation across universities possible with the launch of a portal within months from now.

The National Institute of Educational Research and Planning (NIEPA) is in the process of rolling out the centre, an initiative that is part of the Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya National Mission on Teachers and Training (PMMMNMTT), an ambitious scheme launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in Varanasi.

Detailed database

The centre will enable college and university teachers to access a detailed database of academic resources, including lists of books, top journals and subject experts in their area of interest. It will also suggest a mechanism to higher education institutions to assess students’ satisfaction with teaching and research in the institutions, so that the faculties are able to figure out what students think about their college/university and make improvements.

NIEPA will hold a series of intensive workshops with experts in various disciplines in the next two months to put together an effective resource centre, said an official who did not want to be named.

The PMMMNMTT calls for a National Resource Centre to be “set up with the vision of developing teachers who are able to enhance their potential and push the frontiers of knowledge through research, networking and sharing of existing resources in the competitive knowledge world”. The portal will be launched with detailed information on resources in some key subjects: History, Political Science, Sociology, Economics, Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology. Education and Management will also feature among the chosen disciplines.

Governor’s discretion has its limits

SC ruled in 2016 that a Governor’s choice of action must not be arbitrary, fanciful

The core constitutional issue behind the Congress’s challenge is whether the appointment of K.G. Bopaiah by Karnataka Governor Vajubhai Vala is an “arbitrary” use of gubernatorial discretion.

Article 180 (1) of the Constitution gives the Governor the power to appoint a pro tem Speaker.

The Article says that if the chair of the Speaker falls vacant and there is no Deputy Speaker to fill the position, the duties of the office shall be performed “by such member of the Assembly as the Governor may appoint for the purpose”.

The Supreme Court on Thursday ordered the appointment of a pro tem Speaker to conduct a floor test to decide the majority in the Karnataka Assembly on May 19. It is the Governor’s duty to make the appointment. Article 180 (1) is silent about the extent to which the Governor can use his or her discretion.

The BJP defends the Governor’s appointment of Mr. Bopaiah by quoting Article 163 (2) of the Constitution. The latter part of this Article mandates that “the validity of anything done by the Governor shall not be called in question on the ground that he ought or ought not to have acted in his discretion”.

But the five-judge Constitution Bench of the Supreme Court led by then Chief Justice J.S. Khehar in the Nabam Rebia judgment of 2016 ruled that Article 163 does not give Governors a “general discretionary power” as is often misunderstood.

“The area for the exercise of his [Governor’s] discretion is limited. Even this limited area, his choice of action should not be arbitrary or fanciful. It must be a choice dictated by reason, actuated by good faith and tempered by caution,” the Constitution Bench, of which the current Chief Justice Dipak Misra, was a part of, held.

The Rebia case dealt with the problem of the Arunachal Pradesh Governor advancing the date for the sixth Assembly session.

Judicial review

An issue which may arise is whether the discretion of the Governor can be judicially reviewed by the Supreme Court. But a Constitution Bench judgment in 2006 in the Rameshwar Prasad case has held that the “immunity granted to the Governor under Article 361 (1) does not affect the power of the Court to judicially scrutinize the attack made to the proclamation under Article 361(1) of the Constitution of India on the ground of mala fides or it being ultra vires”.

Chelameswar, CJI share Bench

On his last working day, dissenting judge sits with him in court no. 1

Justice J. Chelameswar, the senior-most judge of the Supreme Court who held a controversial press conference along with three other judges January 12, shared the Bench with Chief Justice of India Dipak Misra on his last working day on Friday.

Justice Chelameswar, who retires on June 22, sat on the Bench headed by the CJI along with Justice D.Y. Chandrachud as it was the last working day before the court breaks for the long summer vacation.

It is the custom in the top court that a retiring judge, on his last day, is given the honour of sitting with the CJI in the majestic Court no 1.

Justice Chelameswar, who has been at loggerheads with the CJI over the functioning of the court, including the allocation of sensitive cases and on recommendation of judges for appointment to the higher judiciary, maintained the tradition of sharing the Bench with the Chief Justice.

Earlier, there had been speculation in legal circles that he would not be part of the Bench. The speculation had gained momentum after he had refused the invite of the Supreme Court Bar Association for a farewell function.

High attendance

Many people, besides lawyers and litigants, thronged the court room in the morning.

There was no mentioning in court no. 1, which is usually flooded with cases and where 11 matters were listed for Friday.

The Bench sat for a brief period and rose for the day at 11.15 a.m.

Senior advocate Rajiv Dutta advocates Prashant Bhushan and Gopal Sankaranarayanan gave short farewell speeches.

Thanking Justice Chelameswar for “upholding democracy”, Mr. Bhushan said, “On behalf of the Bar, I would like to say that it was an honour to have appeared before you. Future generations will remember your contribution to democracy and to the country.”

Mr. Dutta thanked the judge for “upholding the ideals of the institution”, while Mr. Sankaranarayanan expressed his gratitude towards him for the grace he had shown towards junior members of the Bar and said this would always be remembered and appreciated. Justice Chelameswar left the courtroom with folded hands.

The judge also told the members of the bar that he had not accepted a farewell earlier when he was moving out of the Andhra Pradesh High Court to another high court.

GRACE mission

Context: NASA’s GRACE mission has confirmed that a massive redistribution of freshwater is occurring across the Earth, with middle-latitude belts drying and the tropics and higher latitudes gaining water supplies.

What’s causing this?

A combination of the effects of climate change, vast human withdrawals of groundwater and simple natural changes are behind this


If this continues, it could have profound consequences leading to a situation in which some highly populous regions could struggle to find enough water in the future.

Other findings:

The resulting map of the findings shows an overall pattern, in which ice sheets and glaciers lose by far the most mass at the poles, but at the same time, middle latitudes show multiple areas of growing dryness even as higher latitudes and the tropical belt tend to see increases in water.

The study emphasizes that the 34 separate changes that it detects do not all have the same cause – not even close.

There’s very strong suspicion that the melting of glaciers and ice sheets is tied to climate change. On land, it’s possible that some droughts and rainfall increases may be also, though the study is cautious about that, noting that natural variability can also be a major factor here.

There are also some major cases of humans increasing water storage in the landscape, particularly in China, where massive dam construction has created enormous reservoirs.

Mainly, though, what’s striking about the map is the way that a combination of human-driven water withdrawals and droughts seem to be punishing the central latitudes of the northern hemisphere in particular, but also the southern hemisphere to a significant extent.

GRACE mission:

The GRACE mission was selected as the second mission under the NASA Earth System Science Pathfinder (ESSP) Program in May 1997. Launched in March of 2002, the GRACE mission mapped variations in Earth’s gravity field. Designed for a nominal mission lifetime of five years, GRACE operated in an extended mission phase till 2017.

GRACE is a joint partnership between the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) in the United States and Deutsche Forschungsanstalt für Luft und Raumfahrt (DLR) in Germany.

GRACE consists of two identical spacecraft that fly about 220 kilometers (137 miles) apart in a polar orbit 500 kilometers (310 miles) above Earth. GRACE maps Earth’s gravity field by making accurate measurements of the distance between the two satellites, using GPS and a microwave ranging system.

WHO list of essential diagnostic tests

Context: WHO has published its first Essential Diagnostics List, a catalogue of the tests needed to diagnose the most common conditions as well as a number of global priority diseases. The aim is to provide a tool that can be useful to all countries, to test and treat better, but also to use health funds more efficiently by concentrating on the truly essential tests.

Key facts:

The list concentrates on in vitro tests – i.e. tests of human specimens like blood and urine. It contains 113 products.

58 tests are listed for detection and diagnosis of a wide range of common conditions, providing an essential package that can form the basis for screening and management of patients.

55 tests are designed for the detection, diagnosis and monitoring of “priority” diseases such as HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, hepatitis B and C, human papillomavirus and syphilis.

Some of the tests are particularly suitable for primary health care facilities, where laboratory services are often poorly resourced and sometimes non-existent. These tests do not require electricity or trained personnel. Other tests are more sophisticated and therefore intended for larger medical facilities.

For each category of test, the Essential Diagnostics List specifies the type of test and intended use, format, and if appropriate for primary health care or for health facilities with laboratories. The list also provides links to WHO Guidelines or publications and, when available, to prequalified products.

Significance of the list:

Similar to the WHO Essential Medicines List, which has been in use for four decades, the Essential Diagnostics List is intended to serve as a reference for countries to update or develop their own list of essential diagnostics. In order to truly benefit patients, national governments will need to ensure appropriate and quality-assured supplies, training of health care workers and safe use. To that end, WHO will provide support to countries as they adapt the list to the local context.

Need for diagnostic services:

An accurate diagnosis is the first step to getting effective treatment. However, many people are unable to get tested for diseases because they cannot access diagnostic services. Many are incorrectly diagnosed. As a result, they do not receive the treatment they need and, in some cases, may actually receive the wrong treatment.

For example, an estimated 46% of adults with Type 2 diabetes worldwide are undiagnosed, risking serious health complications and higher health costs. Late diagnosis of infectious diseases such as HIV and tuberculosis increases the risk of spread and makes them more difficult to treat.

Swachh Survekshan 2018

Context: The Swachh Survekshan 2018 results have been announced. It was organized by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), under the aegis of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), assessed 4203 Urban Local Bodies. Compared to the previous surveys, this year’s exercise allocated substantial weightage to the feedback from citizens based on their daily experience.

The on-field survey for Swachh Survekshan was conducted by an independent agency and the data for ranking of the cities collected from 3 sources:

Service Level Progress: To verify whether systems and processes are in place in Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) to implement Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) in the most efficient way.

Direct Observation: To verify and assess general cleanliness in the cities by making random field visits in different parts of the city and public conveniences (Community/Public Toilets).

Citizens Feedback: To collect feedback directly from citizens and monitor the performance of Swachhata App, a citizen’s grievance Mobile App.

Performance of various cities:

Indore has emerged as the cleanest city, followed by Bhopal and Chandigarh. Indore was the cleanest city last year as well.

Jharkhand has been adjudged as the best performing state, followed by Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh.

Cleanest State Capital/UT: Greater Mumbai.

India’s ‘Cleanest big City’: Vijayawada (Andhra Pradesh).

India’s ‘Fastest Mover’ big City: Ghaziabad (Uttar Pradesh).

India’s Best City in ‘Citizens Feedback’: Kota (Rajasthan).

India’s Best City in ‘Innovation & Best Practices’: Nagpur (Maharashtra).

India’s Best City in ‘Solid Waste Management: Navi Mumbai (Maharashtra).

India’s Cleanest Medium City: Mysore (Karnataka).

India’s ‘Fastest Mover’ Medium City: Bhiwandi (Maharashtra).

India’s Best City in ‘Citizens Feedback’: Parbhani (Maharashtra).

India’s Best City in ‘Innovation & Best Practices’: Aligarh (Uttar Pradesh).

India’s Best City in ‘Solid Waste Management: Mangalore (Karnataka).

India’s Cleanest Small City: New Delhi Municipal Council.

India’s ‘Fastest Mover’ Small City: Bhusawal (Maharashtra).

India’s Best City in ‘Citizens Feedback’: Giridih (Jharkhand).

India’s Best City in ‘Innovation & Best Practices’: Ambikapur (Jharkhand).

India’s Best City in ‘Solid Waste Management: Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh).



EU moves to save Iran nuclear deal

Commission takes steps to shield firms from U.S. sanctions; EIB to back investments in Iran

The European Union took formal steps on Friday to shield its firms from U.S. sanctions on Iran as part of efforts to save the international nuclear deal with Tehran.

EU leaders meeting on Thursday in Bulgaria gave the European Commission, the bloc’s executive arm, the all-clear amid a deepening rift with Washington.

The commission said on Friday it “launched the formal process to activate the blocking statute by updating the list of U.S. sanctions on Iran falling within its scope.” The commission said it hopes the statute will be in force before August 6 when the first batch of reimposed U.S. sanctions takes effect.

President Donald Trump last week pulled Washington out of the 2015 international deal with Iran to curb its nuclear programme in return for easing sanctions.

The statute, which the 28 EU member states and the European Parliament must endorse, is aimed at reassuring European firms that invested in Iran after the deal.

US team invents new device that may increase Smartphone battery life 100 times

Led by Indian-origin scientist Deepak K. Singh, it develops new magnetic material that employs a unique “honeycomb” lattice with distinctive electronic properties.

A team led by an Indian-origin scientist has developed a novel device that could increase the battery life of electronic devices, such as smartphones and laptops, by more than a hundred-fold.

Researchers from the University of Missouri in the US developed a magnetic material that employs a unique structure — a “honeycomb” lattice that exhibits distinctive electronic properties.

“Semiconductor diodes and amplifiers, which often are made of silicon or germanium, are key elements in modern electronic devices,” said Deepak K. Singh, an associate professor at the University of Missouri.

His team developed a two-dimensional, nano structured material created by depositing a magnetic alloy, or Permalloy, on the honeycomb structured template of a silicon surface.

Unidirectional current

The new material conducts unidirectional current, or currents that only flow one way.

The material also has significantly less dissipative power compared to a semiconducting diode, which is normally included in electronic devices, researchers said.

The magnetic diode paves the way for new magnetic transistors and amplifiers that dissipate very little power, thus increasing the efficiency of the power source, they said.

This could mean that designers could increase the life of batteries by more than a hundred-fold. Less dissipative power in computer processors could also reduce the heat generated in laptop or desktop CPUs.

“Although more works need to be done to develop the end product, the device could mean that a normal 5-hour charge could increase to more than a 500-hour charge,” the associate professor said. “The device could also act as an ‘on/off switch’ for other periphery components such as closed-circuit cameras or radio frequency attenuators, which reduces power flowing through a device.

Source:The Hindu,PIB,

Current affairs Rajasthan:May 2018 Important Topics

Fourth phase of ‘Nyay Apke Dwar’ campaign started from May 1

  • The fourth phase of ‘Rajasv Lok Adalat: Nyay Apke Dwar’ campaign began in Jaipur district from May 1, 2018.
  • As a part of the campaign, revenue courts will be set up at several villages and the grievances regarding land disputes will be catered at the Gram Panchayat level.
  • This campaign will include facilities like division accounting, marking of boundaries, registration of nominees, and making an update in the current land documents, among others.
  • The campaign is to be organised for two months, until June 30, 2018.

Rajasthan 2nd in generating NREGA work days

  • Rajasthan ranks second in the country for generating man-days under MGNREGA after West Bengal as per the latest data issued by the Union panchayati raj ministry.
  • The state exceeded the target by 9% on man-days as against the revised annual target of 22 crore and generated close to 24 crore man-days in 2017-18.

State Government plans to develop ‘Beti Gaurav Udyan’ to promote girl child in Rajasthan

  • In a first of its kind project in the country, the state government plans to develop ‘Beti Gaurav Udyan’ (BGU) to promote the girl child in Rajasthan.
  • The objective of developing these parks is to celebrate the birth of a girl child, maintain her dignity and to tell people about the importance of girls in the society.
  • 25% of the park will be developed through public private partnership (PPP) mode for making it self-sustainable, while the remaining 75% area will be developed through community participation and corporate social responsibility.
  • These parks will help increase the happiness index and encourage children to get play outdoors.

State government will start 13 new police circles and 28 police stations

  • In order to control law and order in the state, 13 new police circles and 28 new police stations will be launched soon. Additionally, 26 police outposts for better surveillance will be started in the coming days.

Rajasthan government launches ration card portability under food Act

  • The state food and civil supplies department has issued a circular facilitating ration card portability at the district level.
  • Now a cardholder could obtain food article from any of the ration shops in the district.

State Government to electrify all households by September this year

  • The Rajasthan government aims to electrify 19,000 dhanis (hamlets) and about 10 lakh rural households under rural electrification schemes by September this year.
  • As per 2011 census, there are 43,199 inhabited villages and 1.14 lakh dhanis. Electrification has been done in all 43,199 inhabited villages, 95,000 dhanis and about 83 lakh households in the rural regions.
  • Note: A village is said to be electrified if at least 10% households get electricity.
  • In terms of overall electrification status, the worst districts are Dholpur at 60% and Barmer at 61% while the best districts are Sawai Madhopur at 97.62% and Jaipur at 96.55%.

Vijay Prahar Exercise

  • More than 20,000 troops of strike formations of Indian Army’s South West Command took part in the ‘Vijay Prahar’ exercise to fine-tune the jointmanship with the Indian Air Force near Suratgarh in Rajasthan.

24 state monuments identified for ‘adopt a heritage’ scheme

  • 24 sites in Rajasthan have been identified under the centre’s ‘Adopt a Heritage’ scheme which invites private and public companies, individuals and agencies to adopt the sites and provide basic and advanced amenities and look after the operations.

5 sites in Rajasthan under Adarsh Monuments Scheme

  • Archaeological Survey of India has declared 100 famous monuments in the country as Adarsh monuments in which 5 are in Rajasthan.
  • In first phase, 27 monuments have been declared as ideal monuments in the country in which Kumbhalgarh fort was included.
  • In the next phase, 73 more were added in which four are from Rajasthan including Chittorgarh, Arthuna (Baanswada), Saas Bahu (Udaipur Eklingji) temple and Ranthambore.
  • Plans are afoot to provide basic facilities like information centre, drinking water, souvenir shop, dustbin, signage, light & sound show, toilets, etc.

Folklore of Mumal-Mahendra staged in JKK

  • On the concluding day of the five-day ‘Young Directors Theatre Festival’, an immortal folk tale of Mumal-Mahendra (Ek Prem Katha) was staged at Jawahar Kala Kendra (JKK ).
  • The play is based on a folklore of ‘Mumal Mahendra’. Mahendra is the prince of Amarkot. One day while chasing a prey, along with his brother-in-law, Hamir he arrives at Lodarva in Jaisalmer. Here Mahendra meets Mumal and falls in love with her.

Yuva Shakti Diwas

  • The 20th anniversary of Pokharan nuclear tests was celebrated as ‘Yuva Shakti evam Shaurya Diwas’ at the Shakti Sthal at Pokharan in Jaisalmer on 11th May.
  • 20 years ago, on May 11 and 13, 1988 five nuclear explosions were carried out in the Pokharan range. On Budh Purnima, India proudly stood with the countries of nuclear power.
  • On 13th May 2018, President Kovind launched the 3 new state government social welfare schemes aimed at uplifting the weaker sections of society. These schemes were announced by CM Raje during presentation of budget 2018-19. The President launched the Department of Social Justice and Empowerment’s:
    • Bhairon Singh Shekhawat Antyodaya of Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Class Swarozgar Yojana,
    • Sunder Singh Bhandari EBC Swarozgar Yojana,
    • SC-ST, OBC, Sanitation  Workers, Divayang Loan Waiver  Scheme

    Bhairon Singh Shekhawat Antyodaya Scheme

    • Under the Bhairon Singh yojana, loans of up to Rs 50,000 on 4% cent interest will be given to 50,000 ST/SC/ OBC and MBC families for creation of means of livelihood.

    Sunder Singh Bhandari EBC Swarozgar Yojana

    • Under the Sundar Singh Bhandari yojana, a loan of Rs 50,000 on 4% interest will be given to 50,000 economically backward families of the general category.

    SC-ST, OBC, Sanitation  Workers, Divayang Loan Waiver  Scheme

    • This scheme provides loan waiver of up to Rs 2,00, 000 to SC, ST, OBC, sweepers and ‘divyang’ by the Scheduled Caste Scheduled Caste Finance and Development Co-operative Corporation, taken after 1981 for purpose of self-employment.

Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC/PSC Exams – 16 May 2018

  1. SoCH awards is related to which of the following sector

Community health

Swachh Bharat

Art & craft

None of the above

2. Consider the following statements about National Biodiversity Authority

It is a Statutory Body

It is headquartered in New Delhi

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

1 only

2 only



3. Which of the following organization releases World Water Development Report?

United Nations

World bank


None of the above

4. Consider the following statements about Green Good Deeds campaign

The campaign has been launched by the WWF

The objective of the campaign is to restore and return the clean and green environment to the next generation.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

1 only

2 only



5. Consider the following statements about Minamata Convention

It was entered in force in 2017

It aims to put ban on new mercury mines.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

1 only

2 only



6. Consider the following statements about Peat lands

Cuvette Central region is the world’s largest tropical peat lands

Peat lands are the world’s largest terrestrial organic carbon stock, storing twice as much carbon as forests.

The Global Peat lands Initiative is a multi-partner United Nations Environment Programme initiative launched at the Global Landscapes Forum in Marrakesh in 2016.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

1 only

1 and 2 only

2 and 3 only

1, 2 and 3


7. Consider the following statement(s) about Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandan Yojana (PMVVY)

It is a Pension Scheme exclusively for the senior citizens aged 60 years and above.

Life Insurance Corporation (LIC) of India has been given the sole privilege to operate this Scheme.

Which of the above statement(s) is/are correct?

1 only

2 only



8. New Sheppard rocket and space capsule recently seen in news was launched by




None of the above

9. Which of the following is not tributary of Brahmaputra River?





10. Which of the following countries do not make border with Ethiopia?





11. Term MPOWER which was seen in news recently is associated with


Electric vehicle

Space craft



1 (A), 2 (A), 3 (A), 4 (B), 5 (C), 6 (D)

7 (C), 8 (D), 9 (B), 10 (D), 11 (A)

Geography Quiz: Important for UPSC,PSC,SSC Exams

  1. The collision between a continental lithospheric plate and an oceanic lithospheric plate leads to formation of

a) A Volcanic Island arc

b) A chain of coastal volcanic mountains

c) A mid-oceanic ridge

d) A transform fault

Answer: (b)

The collision of a continental plate with an oceanic plate results in the oceanic plate being subducted beneath the continental plate. The surface features that are formed include a deep offshore trench and a chain of coastal volcanic mountains.

Volcanic island arc is formed when one oceanic plate subducts below the other oceanic plate. Along diverging plate boundaries, mid-oceanic ridges are formed.

  1. Which amongst the following countries is situated on ‘Pacific Ring of Fire’

a) Brazil

b) Australia

c) Chile

d) India

Answer: (c)

The Ring of Fire is a string of volcanoes and sites of seismic activity, or earthquakes, around the edges of the Pacific Ocean. Roughly 90% of all earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire, and the ring is dotted with 75% of all active volcanoes on Earth.

The Ring of Fire isn’t quite a circular ring. It is shaped more like a 40,000-kilometer (25,000-mile) horseshoe. A string of 452 volcanoes stretches from the southern tip of South America, up along the coast of North America, across the Bering Strait, down through Japan, and into New Zealand. Several active and dormant volcanoes in Antarctica, however, “close” the ring.

  1. Air moving from the poles toward the equator turns West. The primary cause of this global deflection is

a) The geoid shape of the earth

b) The tilt of Earth’s axis relative to its Orbital plane

c) The rotation of Earth on its axis

d) The shape and size of land masses

Answer: (c)

Once air has been set in motion by the pressure gradient force, it undergoes an apparent deflection from its path, as seen by an observer on the earth. This apparent deflection is called the “Coriolis force” and is a result of the earth’s rotation. As air moves from high to low pressure in the northern hemisphere, it is deflected to the right by the Coriolis force. In the southern hemisphere, air moving from high to low pressure is deflected to the left by the Coriolis force.

The amount of deflection the air makes is directly related to both the speed at which the air is moving and its latitude. Therefore, slowly blowing winds will be deflected only a small amount, while stronger winds will be deflected more. Likewise, winds blowing closer to the poles will be deflected more than winds at the same speed closer to the equator. The Coriolis force is zero right at the equator.

  1. Most of the weather phenomena takes place in troposphere only because

a) Temperature remains almost constant in troposphere

b) It contains electrically charged particles

c) It absorbs harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun

d) It contains almost all the water vapour and most dust particles

Answer: (d)

The troposphere is denser than the layers of the atmosphere above it (because of the weight compressing it), and it contains up to 75% of the mass of the atmosphere. It is primarily composed of nitrogen (78%) and oxygen (21%) with only small concentrations of other trace gases. Nearly all atmospheric water vapour or moisture is found in the troposphere.

The troposphere is the layer where most of the world’s weather takes place. Since temperature decreases with altitude in the troposphere, warm air near the surface of the Earth can readily rise, being less dense than the colder air above it. In fact air molecules can travel to the top of the troposphere and back down again in a just a few days. Such vertical movement or convection of air generates clouds and ultimately rain from the moisture within the air, and gives rise to much of the weather which we experience. The troposphere is capped by the tropopause, a region of stable temperature. Air temperature then begins to rise in the stratosphere. Such a temperature increase prevents much air convection beyond the tropopause, and consequently most weather phenomena, including towering cumulonimbus thunderclouds, are confined to the troposphere.

  1. Which one of the following pairs is NOT correctly matched

a) Rio de la Plata :    Brazil

b) Gulf of California :    Mexico

c) Gulf of Aqaba :    Jordan

d) Gulf of Aden         :    Yemen

Answer: (a)


Río de la Plata, a tapering intrusion of the Atlantic Ocean on the east coast of South America between Uruguay to the north and Argentina to the south. While some geographers regard it as a gulf or as a marginal sea of the Atlantic, and others consider it to be a river, it is usually held to be the estuary of the Paraná and Uruguay rivers (as well as of the Paraguay River, which drains into the Paraná).

The Gulf of California is the body of water located between the Mexican mainland and the Baja California Peninsula. The Gulf of California is also known as the Sea of Cortez, and is considered to be one of the world’s most diverse seas. There are portions of the Gulf of California that have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

Created by seismic activity along the Afro-Syrian Rift, the Gulf of Aqaba is a deep narrow body of water, bordered by Israel, Jordan, Egypt and Saudi Arabia and is one of the hinges connecting the Asian and African continents.

Gulf of Aden, deepwater basin that forms a natural sea link between the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea. Named for the seaport of Aden, in southern Yemen, the gulf is situated between the coasts of Arabia and the Horn of Africa.

  1. Which of the following pair of warm ocean currents move away from Equator

a) Alaska and Humboldt

b) Antilles and Brazilian

c) East Australian and Oyashio

d) Agulhas and Labrador

Answer: (b)

The Antilles Current is a highly variable surface ocean current of warm water that flows north-easterly past the island chain that separates the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The current results from the flow of the Atlantic North Equatorial Current. The Brazil Current is a warm water current that flows south along the Brazilian south coast to the mouth of the Río de la Plata. This current is caused by diversion of a portion of the Atlantic South Equatorial Current from where that current meets the South American continent.

  1. Which of the following is NOT correct regarding shifting cultivation form of agriculture?

(a) It occurs mainly in tropical environments.

(b) Farmers clear land using a slash and burn technique

(c)  Cultivation of cash crops meant for exports

(d) It was practiced sustainably by indigenous peoples but now is associated with deforestation in Brazil

Answer: (c)

Swidden agriculture, also known as shifting cultivation, refers to a technique of rotational farming in which land is cleared for cultivation (normally by fire) and then left to regenerate after a few years. Shifting cultivation is called by different names in different parts of the world. It is generally known as ‘slash and burn’ and ‘bush fal­low’ agriculture. It is variously termed as Ladang in Indonesia, Caingin in Philippines, Milpa in Central America and Mexico, Ray in Vietnam, Conuco in Venezuela, Roca in Brazil, Masole in the Congo and Central Africa. Most families grow for subsistence purposes, just to eat and live, so one swidden might have a large variety of crops. In other cases, the crops grown by each village vary by local customs and taste. The predominant crops include upland rice in Southeast Asia, maize (corn) and manioc (cassava) in South America, and sorghum in Africa. Yams, sugarcane, plantain, and vegetables are also grown in some regions.

  1. Which of the following is NOT a major oil-producing zone in the world

(a) Gulf of Mexico

(b) Persian Gulf

(c) North Sea

(d) Great Lake region of North America

Answer: (d)

The Great Lake region is rich in iron-ore deposit. Lake Superior has high deposits of iron-ore. The Great Lake region is highly industrialised especially famous for iron and steel industry. Rest of the above regions are rich petroleum deposits.

  1. A decline in a country’s crude birth rate would result in an increase in the country’s

(a) total fertility rate

(b) doubling time

(c) crude death rate

(d) None of the above

Answer: (b)

With the decrease in the birth rate, the doubling time decreases. Developed countries have greater doubling time compared to developing countries. In general a country having lower birth rate have lower mortality rate. Decrease in birth rate leads to decrease in total fertility rate.

  1. Which of the following three rivers of Peninsular India have the Amarkantak region as their source

(a) Chambal, Betwa, Sind

(b) Narmada and Subarnarekha

(c) Narmada and Sone

(d) Narmada , North Koel and Baitarani

Answer: (c)

  1. When a person traverses from Mangalore ( West ) to Hyderabad ( East ), which one of the following sequences ( from West to East ) of forest types does he observe

(a) Tropical Evergreen – Tropical wet deciduous – Tropical semi-evergreen – Tropical Dry

(b) Tropical Wet deciduous – Tropical Evergreen – Tropical semi-evergreen – Tropical Dry

(c) Tropical semi-evergreen – Tropical Evergreen – Tropical Dry – Tropical Wet Deciduous

(d) Tropical Evergreen – Tropical dry – Tropical Wet deciduous – Tropical semi-evergreen

Answer: (b)


Tropical Wet deciduous – Western slopes of Western Ghats and coastal region

Tropical Evergreen    – Western Ghats

Tropical semi-evergreen –  Drier margins of Western Ghats – Eastern slope

Tropical Dry –  Rain shadow region

  1. Which one of the following pairs of cities have the largest annual average rainfall difference as compared to the other three pairs

(a) Mumbai and Pune

(b) Kolkata and Bhubaneshwar

(c) Chennai and Madurai

(d) Jabalapur and Nagpur

Answer: (a)


Mumbai is on windward side of Western Ghats and Pune on the rainshadow areas of Western Ghats. Hence the annual average rainfall difference is highest between these two cities.The average difference is lower in rest of the cases.

13.Which of the following pairs are correctly matched

  1. Winter rain in North West India :  Western disturbances
  2. Summer rain in Bengal basin        :  Nor’westers
  3. Winter rain in Tamil Nadu :  North East monsoon

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

a) 1 and 3 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 2 only

d) All the above

Answer: (d)

  1. Among the following states, in which one is the percentage of forest area to total geographical area the highest

(a) Arunachal Pradesh

(b) Madhya Pradesh

(c) Jammu Kashmir

(d) Himachal Pradesh

Answer: (a)


Arunachal – 81.25%

Madhya Pradesh – 25.11%

Jammu Kashmir – 10.46%

Himachal Pradesh – 27.12%

  1. Which one of the following correctly states the location of ‘Cold desert’ of India

(a) To the west of Pir Panjal range

(b) To the south of Siwalik Range

(c) To the north-east of Karakoram range

(d) To the west of Aravali range

Answer: (c)

  1. The Palghat Gap serves inland communications from

(a) Pune to Mumbai

(b) Bangalore and Mangalore

(c) Madurai and Trivandrum

(d) Coimbatore and Palakkad

Answer: (d)

17.Which of the east flowing rivers falling into Bay of Bengal originate in Western Ghats

  1. Zuari
  2. Vaigai
  3. Godavari
  4. Penneru

Which of the following is/are correct

a) 1,2 and 3 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 2,3 and 4

d) 3 only

Answer: (b)

18.Consider the following statements

  1. Bhopal is located on Malwa plateau.
  2. Chilika lake is located along boundary of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh.

Which of the following is correct

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) None of the above

Answer: (a)

19.Which of the conservation sites are located in Aravallis

  1. Sariska Tiger reserve
  2. Kanha National Park

Which of the following is correct

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) None of the above

Answer: (a)

20.Consider the following

  1. Srirangapatnam
  2. Srirangam
  3. Majuli

Which of following is/are RIVERINE islands in India

a) 3 only

b) 1 and 3 only

c) 2 and 3 only

d) All the above

Answer: (d)

  1. A page contains 50 lines. A chapter contains 150 pages. A book contains 4 chapters. 25 such books from a bound. If there are totally 30 lakhs lines in an x numbers of bounds then the value of x is:

a) 3

b) 4

c) 5

d) 6

Solution: b


Total number of lines = x × 25 × 4 × 150 × 5

But also, 30 lakhs = x × 25 × 4 × 150 × 5

x = (30 lakhs) / 25 × 4 × 150 × 5

x = 4.

  1. A fruit seller gives away to each of his sons 1/12, 5/18, 7/30 and 7/48 of the apples in a basket and has only just enough apples to be able to do so without dividing an apple. The minimum number of apples he had?

a) 250

b) 720

c) 750

d) 240

Solution: b


The total number of apples has to be perfectly divided by 12, 18, 30 and 48.

We have to find the LCM of 12, 18, 30 and 48.

LCM = 720.

Hence, the fruit seller had 720 apples.

  1. Half-life of a substance is defined as the time period in which a substance becomes just half of it. If it is known that the half-life of a substance ‘X’ is 512 years, then after 2048 years, 128 g of ‘X’ becomes:

a) 8g

b) 4g

c) 16g

d) 32g

Solution: a


After 512 years, the substance will become half i.e. 128g/2 = 64g

After 512 years more i.e. after 1024 years, the substance will become half of 64g i.e. 64g/2 = 32g

After 512 years more i.e. after 1536 years, the substance will become half of 32g i.e. 32g/2 = 16g

After 512 years more i.e. after 2048 years, the substance will become half of 16g i.e. 16g/2 = 8g.

  1. A student started writing down the counting numbers as 1, 2, 3, 4….. and then he added all those numbers and got the result 100. But when the result was checked it was found that the student had missed a number. What is the missing number?

a) 15

b) 14

c) 10

d) 5

Solution: d


The sum of first n numbers = n (n+1)/2

100 = n (n+1)/2

To get the sum 100 the nearest natural number ‘n’ = 14.

For n = 14,

n (n+1)/2 = 105.

When the correct sum is 105 and the sum with mistake is 100, the missed out number = 5.

 Hence, the sum of numbers from 1 to 14 while missing ‘5’ is 100.

  1. There are five locks exactly with one key for each lock. All the keys are mixed. The maximum number of attempts needed to get the correct combination is:

a) 15

b) 20

c) 25

d) 10

Solution: d

16 May Daily Current Affairs-Rajasthan


  • President launches several schemes in Rajasthan


  • The President of India, Shri Ram Nath Kovind, addressed a civic reception hosted for him in Jaipur, Rajasthan, by the state government on May 13, 2018.


  • The President appreciated the Government of Rajasthan for launching the ‘Bhairon Singh Shekhawat Antyodaya Employment Scheme’ and the ‘Sunder Singh Bhandari EBC Self-Employment Scheme’, named after two illustrious public figures from Rajasthan.
  • He stated that the loan waiver for SCs, STs and other deprived communities – a third scheme launched today – too is a tribute to the principles and ideals of these personalities.
  • The President was happy to note that four cities of Rajasthan – Jaipur, Udaipur, Kota and Ajmer – are part of the Smart Cities initiative of the Government of India.


  India largest remittance-receiving country in the world

  • India was the largest remittance– receiving country in the world, with migrant workers from the country sending home USD 69 billion in 2017.
  • According to the report, remittances to the Asia-Pacific region amounted to USD 256 billion last year.
  • The report ‘Remit SCOPE – Remittance markets and opportunities – Asia and the Pacific’ said India (USD 69 billion), China (USD 64 billion) and the Philippines (USD 33 billion) are the three largest remittance- receiving countries in the world in 2017.

 India and Nepal Agree To Expand Their Partnership For Socio-Economic Development

  • India and Nepal have agreed to expand their partnership for socio-economic development on the basis of principles of equality, trust, respect and mutual benefit.
  • In a joint statement issued after Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s two-day visit to Nepal. Mr. Modi and his Nepalese counterpart KP Sharma Oli emphasized the need for the regular convening of bilateral mechanisms to review the overall state of bilateral relations and for expeditious implementation of the economic and development co-operation projects.

       UNDP to Set Up Skill Development Centre In Hyderabad

  • Aimed at empowering vulnerable and marginalized women by imparting skills training, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)announced to set up a skill development center at ‘Bharosa,’ an integrated support center for distressed women and children in Hyderabad.
  • ‘Bharosa,’ an initiative of Hyderabad City Police, is a state-of-the-art center to support women and children who are victims of violence.


Customs and Postal Department hold First ever Joint Conference

  • Indian Customs and Department of India Posts held a First ever Joint Conference at Vigyan Bhavan in New Delhi to deliberate on streamlining of​ imports and exports by post.
  • Commissioners of Customs from all the States having Foreign Post Offices (FPOs) were present along with their counterpart Post Master Generals.
  • Imports and exports by post are the 6th highest cited citizen grievances under CPGRAMs.
  • Customs and Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) have worked together since a year to liberalise, reform and align laws relating to imports by Post.

 Lata Mangeshkar conferred ‘Swara Mauli’ award 

  • Legendary singer Lata Mangeshkar was honoured with “Swara Mauli” title by spiritual guru Vidya Narsimha Bharati Swami.


  • Her sister singer Asha Bhosle, Usha Mangeshkar and brother Hridaynath Mangeshkar were present at the occasion. 
  • Under-16 Indian football team wins title in Serbia
  • Indian colts pumped in as many as three goals in the first 10 minutes of the match to outplay Tajikistan 4-2 and emerge champions in the four-nation Under-16 Tournament held in Serbia.
  • Putting up an impressive show, the Indian drew 0-0 with the hosts, defeated Jordan 2-1 before beating Tajikistan in the final.

  Indian Army Finalises Rs 15,000 Crore Ammunition Production Project

  • Indian Army finalized a mega 15,000 crore rupees project under which a range of ammunition for its critical weapons and tanks will be produced indigenously.
  • Around 11 private firms would be involved in the ambitious project.
  • The immediate aim of the project is to create an inventory of all major weapons to enable the forces to fight a 30-day war while the long-term objective is to cut dependence on imports.
  • The army has set a specific target for the next 10 years in terms of the volume of ammunition to be produced.                                                     Jammu and Kashmir Government abolishes stamp duty on sale of properties in women’s name
  • CM Mehbooba Mufti-led Jammu and Kashmir governmentwaived off stamp duty on the sale of properties registered in the name of women.
  • Notably, the decision is seen as a step to empower women in the state which may help them to own more immovable assets.
  • The state cabinet of Jammu and Kashmir sanctioned reduction of stamp duty by 5 percent in the rural areas if a property is registered in the name of a male member of the family.
  • However, the state cabinet has also abolished stamp duty in case the property is registered in the name of a female member of the family in both urban and rural areas.

Government Schemes:PT-365 for IAS/PSC Prelims Exams 2018



latest govt. schemes For UPSC Civil Services IAS-Prelims Examination 2018


Daily Current Affairs: Rajasthan


  • Food-grains yield in state stagnant for past decade
  • The yield of food-grains in Rajasthan has remained more or less stagnant in the past decade, latest data released by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has revealed.
  • The wheat yield in Rajasthan that was 3,175 kgs per hectare in
  • 2008-09 had registered a dip in the successive years before bouncing back to the same mark in 2015-16.
  • In comparison, only one of the five states that share boundaries with Rajasthan, performed worse. The wheat yield in Uttar Pradesh dipped to 2,636 kgs per hectare in 2005-16 compared to
  • 3,002 kg per hectare in 2008-09. The other four states — Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, and Gujarat, registered an increase in the yield.
  • Rajasthan stands second in terms of wheat yield but lack of use of modern farming methods and lack of improvement in soil health is the reason the yield has been stagnant. Ongoing scheme to improve soil health will lead to better results in the coming years,” an agriculture department official said.
  • “Rajasthan performed the best in wheat production by harvesting 98.24 lakh tonnes in 33.18 lakh hectares in the year 2014-15. Wheat yield is also quite high and better than neighbouring states.
  • In Kharif crops, Rajasthan produces moong, moth, urad and arhar while gram and masoor are the two main rabi crops.


China’s Alibaba Buys Pakistan E-Commerce Firm Daraz

Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba purchased leading Pakistani online Retailer‘Daraz’,continuing its overseas expansion by gaining a foothold in the growing South Asian consumer market.

  • China is seeking closer economic ties with Asian neighbors including Pakistan through its Belt and Road initiative, a strategy to increase trade links that are led primarily by infrastructure projects.
  • Daraz, founded in 2012, was purchased from Rocket Internet, a Berlin-based incubator of online startups.
  • India Pavilion Inaugurated At Cannes Film Festival 2018

The inaugural session of the Indian Pavilion at the Cannes Film Festival 2018 was held at Cannes, France. It was hosted by noted actor Sharad Kelkar.

  • A meeting between the Indian delegation and Ms. Isabelle Giordano, Director General, Unifrance, M. Loic Wong, Director of International Department, CNC, France was held to explore co-production opportunities between India and France.
  •  World’s second oldest rock discovered in Odisha.

  • Scientists have discovered world’s second oldest grain of magnetic zircon ( a mineral that contains traces of radioactive isotopes ) from champuna from Singhbhum rock sample in Odisha’s Kendujhar district.
  • It is an estimated 4, 240 million years old, making it world’s second oldest rock ever to be discovered.
  • It is oldest magnetic zircon on earth.


  • Venkaiah Naidu 3-Nation Visit: India & Peru Signs Agreement

India and Peru signed an agreement in the field of Renewable Energy at Lima.

  • The pact was signed in the presence of Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu and the Prime Minister Cesar Villanueva Arevalo.
  • This is the final leg of the 3-Nation visit to central America of Indian Vice- President.
  • During the meeting, the leaders discussed various bilateral and international issues of mutual interest.
  • Vice President’s visit comes at a time when India is celebrating the 55th anniversary of the establishment of Diplomatic Relations with Peru.

· Facebook sets up e-threat hotline for politicians

  • Facebook  said it has introduced a “cyber threats crisis” email hotline for politicians and political parties in India. The social media giant, recently embroiled in a major controversy over misuse of private data, is also working on an “election integrity” microsite for India.
  • Compromised accounts and even the Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In), which works under union ministry of electronics and IT, can write to in case of a security breach. Facebook also released a “cyber security guide” for political accounts.


· India’s longest road-rail bridge to be inaugurated by PM Modi this year
  • In a major boost to defence logistics along the border with China, India’s longest road and railway bridge connecting Dibrugarh in Assam to Pasighat in Arunachal Pradesh is likely to be inaugurated later this year by Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
  • While all the civil work would be completed by July this year, two more months would be needed to finish the electrical and signalling work on the 4.94 km bridge.
  • The bridge, which is the second longest in Asia, has three lane roads on top and double line rail below.
  • The bridge is 32 metres above the water level of the Brahmaputra and is fashioned on a bridge that links Sweden and Denmark.
  • Bogibeel is part of infrastructure projects planned by India to improve logistics along the border in Arunachal Pradesh. This includes the construction of a trans-Arunachal highway on the north bank of the Brahmaputra, and new road and rail links over the mighty river and its major tributaries such as the Dibang, Lohit, Subansiri and Kameng.India and China share a nearly 4,000 km border.

Ramayana Circuit’ gets a new bus service

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his Nepalese counterpart K.P. Sharma Oli on Friday jointly inaugurated a direct bus service between Janakpur and Ayodhya, the two sacred cities for Hindus, as part of a “Ramayan Circuit” to promote religious tourism in Nepal and India.

  • The government has identified 15 destinations in India for development under the Ramayana Circuit theme — Ayodhya, Nandigram, Shringverpur and Chitrakoot (Uttar Pradesh), Sitamarhi, Buxar and Darbhanga (Bihar), Chitrakoot (Madhya Pradesh), Mahendragiri (Odisha), Jagdalpur (Chhattisgarh), Nashik and Nagpur (Maharashtra), Bhadrachalam (Telangana), Hampi (Karnataka) and Rameswaram (Tamil Nadu).
  • Janakpur is known as the birth place of Sita, the wife of Lord Rama. Janaki temple was built in memory of Sita in 1910. The three-storey structure made entirely of stone and marble is 50-metre high and spread over 4,860 sq feet.
  • Ramayan circuit is one of the 13 circuits under swadesh darshan scheme of Government.

Swadesh Darshan Scheme

  • Government had launched Swadesh Darshan Scheme to promote international and domestic tourism across the country. There are 13 tourism circuits have been identified so far and few proposed tourist circuit by Walk Through India such as Shiva Temple Circuit, Jain Temple circuit,Gurdwara circuit, Adventure tourism circuit and Cruise tourism.
  • Under the Swadesh Darshan scheme, thirteen thematic circuits have been identified, for development namely: North-East India Circuit, Buddhist Circuit, Himalayan Circuit, Coastal Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Desert Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wildlife Circuit, Rural Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit and Heritage Circuit.
  • Buddhist circuit is important religious circuit
  • Places of Buddha’s Life
  • Kapilavastu, Uttar Pradesh
  • Bodh Gaya, Bihar
  • Sarnath, Uttar Pradesh
  • Rajgir, Bihar
  • Sravasti, Uttar Pradesh
  • Vaishali, Bihar
  • Kushinagar, Uttar Pradesh
  • There are more Buddhist pilgrimage destination in India such as Deekshabhoomi in Nagpur,Sanchi Stupa in Madhya Pradesh, Buddhist Monasteries in Bylakuppe,Buddhist monastery in Sikkim,Buddhist monastery in Ladakh.



April-week-4(download here)



Q1. The Border Roads Organisation (BRO) recently observed its Raising Day.
Answer: 58th
Explanation: The Border Roads Organisation (BRO), a leader in infrastructure development in the border areas of the country, will celebrate its 58th Raising Day on 07 May 2018.
Q2. How much amount has been sanctioned by the Government of India for the inland waterway on Godavari River?
Answer: Rs 2,000 crore
Explanation: Union Minister for Road Transport and Water Resources Nitin Gadkari announced that the Central government will sanction Rs 2,000 crore for inland waterway on Godavari River. He asked Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra to come forward to take 10 percent equity each in the special purpose vehicle to be formed by the ministry to execute the project.
Q3. India’s tallest flag will be installed in which of the following cities under the Smart City Mission?
Answer: Assam
Explanation: In Assam, 97.3 meter tall national flag, the tallest in the country – will be installed in Guwahati under Smart City Mission.
Q4. Which Indian state government is set to conduct the first organised census of Indus Dolphins with the help of WWF-India?
Answer: Punjab
Explanation: For the conservation of Indus dolphins – one of the world’s rarest mammals – the Punjab government along with WWF-India is conducting the first organised census on their population. Found only in India and Pakistan, the Indus dolphins are confined to only a 185 km stretch between Talwara and Harike Barrage in India’s Beas River in Punjab.
Q5. Name the celebrity who has been nominated as the Global Leadership Ambassador for Women in Public Service Project (WPSP)?
Answer: Shabana Azmi
Explanation: Veteran actress and social activist Shabana Azmi has been nominated as the Global Leadership Ambassador for Women in Public Service Project (WPSP), a Hillary Clinton-founded programme aimed at empowering the next generation of women around the world.
Q6. Who has been awarded the 2018 ONV Literary Prize?
Answer: M T Vasudevan Nair
Explanation: Jnanpith laureate M T Vasudevan Nair has won this year’s annual ONV Literary Prize, instituted in memory of iconic poet late O N V Kurup, for his overall contributions to Malayalam literature.
Q7. Market regulator Securities and Exchange Board of India has extended the timing of equity derivatives trading from current 3.30 pm to 11:55 pm with effect from .
Answer: October 1, 2018.
Explanation: The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) has allowed stock exchanges to extend the trading
Session for futures and options (F&O) segment from the current 3.30 p.m. to 11.55 in the night beginning October 1, 2018.
Q8. The 15th edition of the Pravasi Bhartiya Divas 2019 will be held in which city?
Answer: Varanasi
Explanation: Pravasi Bharatiya Divas will now be celebrated every alternate year. There will be some theme-based sessions conducted in which the Ministry of External Affairs will invite about 12 people including both the nationals and the non-resident Indians. The 15th Pravasi Bhartiya Divas 2019 will be held during 21-23 Janury 2019 at Varanasi.
Q9. Star Khel Mahakumbh-a sports initiative- has been launched in which Indian city?
Answer: Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh
Explanation: A sports initiative ‘Star Khel Mahakumbh’ was launched at Dharamshala in Himachal Pradesh in the presence of 1,500 athletes. The athletes will compete in volleyball, basketball, cricket, football, kabaddi and athletics.
Q10. Which Indian state has launched ‘Go to Village’ mission to bring inclusive development in the state?
Answer: Manipur
Explanation: Manipur Chief Minister N. Biren Singh launched ‘Go to Village’ mission throughout the state from Konuma ground. The mission is aimed at identifying the eligible and deserving beneficiaries in every corner of the state and delivering government services at their doorstep. The mission was launched on Tuesday in 60 villages of all the 60 Assembly constituencies.
Q11. According to the Asian Developments Bank’s report, India’s economy is expected to grow at percent in 2018
Answer: 7.3 Percent
Explanation: The ADB, in its Asian Development Outlook (ADO) 2018 report released in April, had claimed that the Indian economy is set to expand by 7.3 percent in fiscal year (FY) 2018 and 7.6 percent in the next fiscal i.e FY 2019. Also developing Asia grew by 6.1 percent in 2017, and we expect growth will be 6 percent in 2018.
Q12. Which Indian city is set to host 6 day long Festivals of Bharat in May 2018?
Answer: Delhi
Explanation: Delhi will host a six-day-long Festival of Bharat between May 9 and May 14 as a 21st century tribute to the majesty and depth of India’s civilization.
Q13. What is the rank of India in the AT Kearney Foreign Direct Investment Confidence Index 2018?
Answer: 11th
Explanation: India has slipped three notches to the 11th position in the AT Kearney Foreign Direct Investment Confidence Index for 2018. The US remained in the top position for investment intentions with Canada rising to the second position while Germany fell to the third.
Q14. According to the TRA’s Brand Trust Report 2018, which among the following has been ranked as the most trusted FMCG brand in India?
Answer: Patanjali Ayurved Limited
Explanation: Patanjali Ayurved Limited has been ranked as India’s most trusted Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) brand in the TRA’s Brand Trust Report 2018. In overall brand ranking Patanjali is at 13th rank most trusted Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) brand. Samsung leads the list to become India’s Most Trusted
Brand. Sony and LG follow to retain pole positions as India’s second and third Most Trusted Brands. The fourth Most Trusted Brand is India’s leading multinational conglomerate, Tata.
Q15. Which category of Nobel Prize has been suspended from being given in the year 2018?
Answer: Literature
Explanation: The Nobel Prize in Literature, the world’s most prestigious accolade for writing, will not be awarded this year, for the first time since 1949 in the wake of a sexual and financial misconduct scandal. The Swedish Academy, that decides the Nobel Prize for Literature, will now announce the 2018 winner along with the 2019 winner next year.
Q16. Manish Raniga has recently assumed the charge of Chief Commercial Officer of which airlines?
Answer: GoAir
Explanation: Manish Raniga, former vice-president for commercial strategy with Jet Airways, has joined low fare carrier GoAir as its Chief Commercial Officer.
Q17. The 12th informal meeting of SAARC Finance Ministers was held in which of the following countries?
Answer: Manila, Philippines
Explanation: The 12th informal meeting of SAARC Finance Ministers was held in Manila on the sidelines of the 51st Annual Meeting of Asian Development Bank (ADB). The meeting was chaired by Finance Minister of Nepal Yuba Raj Khatiwada.
Q18. The government of India has recently signed an agreement with which country to cooperate on information exchange for narcotics drug control?
Answer: Sri Lanka
Explanation: India and Sri Lanka has agreed on cooperation on exchange of information and other aspects to tackle smuggling of drugs in both countries.
Q19. NITI Aayog has partnered with entity to make use of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in agriculture?
Answer: IBM
Explanation: NITI Aayog and IBM signed a Statement of Intent (SoI) to develop a crop yield prediction model using Artificial Intelligence (AI) to provide real time advisory to farmers in Aspirational Districts.
Q20. Recently the government has set up NWIC as a single window source of updated data on water resources. Expand NWIC.
Answer: National Water Informatics Centre
Explanation: Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation has recently set
up National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC) in New Delhi. NWIC would be a repository of nation-wide water resources data and would work as a Subordinate Office under the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation. The centre would be headed by a Joint Secretary level officer.




Daily Current Affairs+QUIZ: RAS/RTS And Other RPSC Exams


Rajasthan government nod for construction on private hill land

  •  In a first, the state government has given the go ahead for constructions on hills in private land in urban areas.
  • The urban housing and development (UDH) department and the directorate of local bodies (DLB) have jointly framed the model bylaws for the same.
  • The move is expected to pave way for the construction of resorts, hotels, farmhouses and houses on hills. According to official sources, in many districts such as Udaipur, Dungarpur, Banswara etc there are many hills on land owned by private parties.The local bodies will also permit construction on private lands, which are marked as plantation area and hill conservation area in respective master plans.
  • As per the bylaws, construction will be allowed in only 20% of the total land area.
  • The owners will have to develop a green belt in 50% of the land. It has also been made mandatory for owners to plant 150 trees in one hectare.
  • To construct G+1 (G-Ground) buildings, there should be an approach road that’s three to six metres wide. For G+2 buildings, the road should have a width of six to nine metres.
  • Similarly, constructions of up to 15m height (G+3) will only be allowed on land that has an approach road of above nine metres.
  • It has also been decided not to give permission to construct basements.
  • Moreover, permission will not be given for constructions on land in the five-meter periphery of any river or lake.

5 sites in Rajasthan among 100 monuments under Adarsh scheme

  •  Archaeological Survey of India has declared 100 famous monuments in the country as Adarsh monuments in which five are in Rajasthan. On the demand and suggestions of tourists visiting these sites, A.S.I has started working on the plan for developing these sites and increasing the basic facilities.
    The ASI is planning to provide basic facilities like CCTV, WiFi, cafeteria, light and sound show, toilet, drinking water etc. at many places.
  • Total five monuments have been declared as ideal monuments including Kumbhalgarh, Chittorgarh, Arthuna (Banswara), Saas Bahu (Udaipur Eklingji) temple and Ranthambore.
  • Plans are afoot to provide basic facilities like information centre, drinking water, souvenir shop, dustbin, signage, light & sound show, toilets, etc. Work has been started at Kumbhalgarh.


1. The highest number of state level animal fairs in Rajasthan are held in the district?

(A) Jhalawar
(B) Nagour
(C) Barmer
(D) Hanumangarh
2. Which one amongst the following is incorrect?

(A) In the western part of Rajasthan generally salty lakes are available
(B) Sambhar lake is the biggest salty lake in India
(C) Nakki lake is the deepest lake in Rajasthan
(D) Rajsamand lake is 64 kilo meters from Udaipur and it is in Udaipur district
3. Mewa-nagar in Rajasthan is famous for?

(A) Jam temple of Parshwanath
(B) Exports of dry fruits
(C) Production of cumin seed
(D) Exports of Kathputli items
4. Gang canal, is among the oldest canals was constructed by

Maharaja Ganga Singh in?
(B) 1927
(D) 1932

Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PSC & OTHER EXAMS

Madhya Pradesh Gets India’s First Smart Cities Control Centre

In a major step towards realizing the centre’s smart city mission (SCM), the Madhya Pradesh government on Tuesday launched the country’s first Integrated Control and Command Centre (ICCC) for all seven smart cities of the state in Bhopal.

What is ICCC:

ICCC is a cloud-based Universal Internet of Things (UIoT) platform developed by Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE). It can run multiple city command centre operations through its multi-efficiency capabilities.

  • ICCC would integrate a multitude of citizens’ services applications and sensors running across selected cities of Madhya Pradesh. It would enable the authorities to monitor the status of various smart civic amenities in real-time through the sensors connected to it.
  • The GPS sensors installed in public transport buses, dial 100 vehicles, 108 ambulance services, smart poles, smart lights, traffic management cameras, public bike sharing, solid waste management, meteorological department updates, smart maps etc. would be linked to this centre, enabling the authorities to monitor the status of the civic amenities in real-time.

Bhopal, Indore, Ujjain, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Satna, and Sagar are the seven smart cities under Smart City Mission in Madhya Pradesh.

Smart City mission- Key facts:

  • Under the scheme that was launched in 2014, around 100 cities in the country will be developed. The selection is based on the scores cities get for carrying out urban reforms in areas including sanitation and governance. Cities that score the highest will be picked for the project, to be implemented over a 10-year period.
  • These cities will be developed to have basic infrastructure through assured water and power supply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient urban mobility and public transport, IT connectivity, e-governance and citizen participation. Bottom-up approach has been the key planning principle under Smart City Mission.
  •  Under the scheme, each city will get Rs 500 crore from the Centre for implementing various projects. An equal amount, on matching basis, will have to be contributed by the state or urban local bodies. The mission will provide central funding of Rs 48,000 crore to the selected cities.

The implementation of the Mission at the City level will be done by a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) created for the purpose. The SPV will plan, appraise, approve, release funds, implement, manage, operate, monitor and evaluate the Smart City development projects. Each smart city will have a SPV which will be headed by a full time CEO and have nominees of Central Government, State Government and ULB on its Board.

Finance Commission

The Fifteenth Finance Commission has constituted an Advisory Council to advise and assist the Commission.

The role and functions of the Advisory Council will be:

To advise the Commission on any issue or subject related to the Terms of Reference (ToR) of the Commission, which may be of relevance.

To assist in the preparation of any paper or research study which would enhance the Commission understands on the issues containing in its ToR.

To help in broadening the Commission’s ambit and understanding to seek best national and international practices on matters pertaining to fiscal devolution and improving the quality and reach and enforcement of its recommendations.

About the Finance Commission:

It is a body set up under Article 280 of the Constitution. Its primary job is to recommend measures and methods on how revenues need to be distributed between the Centre and states.

Composition of Finance Commission:

The Constitution provides that Finance Commission shall consist of a Chairman and four other members to be appointed by President. The Chairman or members are eligible for reappointment. The Constitution authorizes Parliament to make provisions related to qualifications, conditions of service of members or powers of Finance Commission. So Parliament enacted Finance Commission Act in 1951 to determine provisions related to qualifications or disqualifications, conditions of service or miscellaneous powers to perform functions provided under constitution.

The Chairman shall have vast experience in Public affairs and other four members shall be selected among persons who a) have qualifications as par with a judge of HC, b) has special knowledge of Finance and Accounts of govt, c) have vast experience in financial matters and d) have special knowledge of economics.

Directorate General of Trade Remedies (DGTR)

  •  The Government of India has carried out an Amendment to the Government of India (Allocation of Business) Rules, 1961 substituting “Directorate General of Trade Remedies” in place of “Directorate General of Anti-Dumping and Allied Duties” in Department of Commerce.
  • The DGTR will function as an attached office of Department of Commerce. The recommendation of DGTR for imposition of Anti-dumping, countervailing & Safeguard duties would be considered by the Department of Revenue.
  • The DGTR will be a professionally integrated organisation with multi-spectrum skill sets emanating from officers drawn from different services and specializations.

The creation of DGTR will also provide a level playing field to the domestic industry. In the last three years, India initiated more than 130 anti-dumping/countervailing duty/safeguard cases to deal with the rising incidences of unfair trade practices and to provide a level playing field to the domestic industry.

 Functions of DGTR:

DGTR will deal with Anti-dumping, CVD and Safeguard measures. It will also provide trade defence support to our domestic industry and exporters in dealing with increasing instances of trade remedy investigations instituted against them by other countries.

Senior Citizen draft Bill

The Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment has drafted the Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizen Draft Bill, 2018, that will amend the 2007 version of the legislation to expand its scope and provide for more stringent penalties.

Key points in the Bill:

  • The Bill enhances the jail term for those found abandoning or abusing their parents, 60 years or older, to six months from the existing three months.
  • The Bill expands the definition of children, which currently refers to only biological children and grandchildren, to include daughter-in-law and son-in-law and also adopted/step-children.
  • It extends the definition of maintenance beyond provision of food, clothing, housing, health care to include “safety and security” of the parent.
  • As per the Bill, senior citizens can also approach a Maintenance Tribunal in case their children neglect or refuse to maintain them. In such cases, the draft Bill states that the Tribunal can order the children or, in case the person is childless, the relative to pay a monthly maintenance to the senior citizen. The amount would be decided by taking into account the standard of living of the senior citizen and the financial situation of both the parties.
  • The Bill proposes to make monthly maintenance amount variable as people who earn more, can afford to shell out a higher amount for the upkeep of their parents.
  • The Bill also introduces a punitive measure of up to one month imprisonment in case the monthly allowance remains unpaid.
  • Currently, various government and private schemes for insurance/health, housing and travel, have varied cut-off age for offering benefits meant for senior citizens. The Bill mandates the uniform age across schemes should be 60 years.
  • The Bill will require the government to establish and run at least one Senior Citizen Care Home in every district in the country.
  • As per the Bill, if parents transfer property to their children on the condition that they take care of them, and this clause is breached, the transfer of property will be deemed to be “made by fraud or coercion or under undue influence” and a tribunal can order it to be transferred back to the parent.


Iran nuclear deal

US President Donald Trump has announced he is pulling out of the Iran nuclear deal. He described the agreement as “decaying and rotting”.

  • The agreement, formally known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), has been on the rocks since Trump’s election, and the resulting climate of uncertainty spooked many large firms from doing business in Iran, thus diminishing the economic incentives that drew Iran to the agreement in the first place.
  • Iran agreed to rein in its nuclear programme in a 2015 deal struck with the US, UK, Russia, China, France and Germany.
  • Under the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPoA) Tehran agreed to significantly cut its stores of centrifuges, enriched uranium and heavy-water, all key components for nuclear weapons.
  • The JCPOA established the Joint Commission, with the negotiating parties all represented, to monitor implementation of the agreement.
  • It had been hit with devastating economic sanctions by the United Nations, United States and the European Union that are estimated to have cost it tens of billions of pounds a year in lost oil export revenues. Billions in overseas assets had also been frozen.


What about the other countries involved?

  • The agreement was signed by the five permanent members of the UN Security Council: The United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia and China, plus Germany — and Iran. The deal was also enshrined in a UN Security Council resolution, incorporating it into international law.
  • Some of the US’ closest allies, the UK, France and Germany, issued a statement expressing “regret and concern” about the decision, emphasizing Iran’s compliance with the deal and their “continuing commitment” to the deal. The leaders of those countries failed in their attempts to convince Trump to preserve the deal.
  • Russia meanwhile said the deal was “new confirmation of Washington’s incompetence,” and underscored that the US, not Iran, is now technically in violation of the deal.


Atal Tinkering Marathon

  • What is it? It is a six month long nationwide challenge across six different thematic areas, namely, clean energy, water resources, waste management, healthcare, smart mobility and agri-tech. It is being organized by Atal Tinkering Labs of the Atal Innovation Mission (AIM) of NITI Aayog.
  • Why in news? Top 30 innovations have been selected from among 100 innovations shortlisted. These top 30 innovations have been identified from 20 different States and Union territories from across India.

With a vision to ‘Cultivate one Million children in India as Neoteric Innovators’, Atal Innovation Mission is establishing Atal Tinkering Laboratories (ATLs) in schools across India.

Objective: The objective of this scheme is to foster curiosity, creativity and imagination in young minds; and inculcate skills such as design mindset, computational thinking, adaptive learning, physical computing etc.

AIM will provide grant-in-aid that includes a one-time establishment cost of Rs. 10 lakh and operational expenses of Rs. 10 lakh for a maximum period of 5 years to each ATL.

Eligibility: Schools (minimum Grade VI – X) managed by Government, local body or private trusts/society can set up ATL.


Need for such labs:

As the world grapples with evolving technologies, a new set of skills have gained popular acceptance and have come to be in high demand. For India to contribute significantly during this age of raid technological advancement, there is an urgent need to empower our youth with these ‘skills of the future’.

Equipped with modern technologies to help navigate and impart crucial skills in the age of the Fourth Industrial Revolution, the ATLs are at the vanguard of the promoting scientific temper and an entrepreneurial spirit in children today.

Green licence plates for e-vehicles

  • The government has approved distinctive green licence plates for electric vehicles to encourage people to use electric vehicles. Such vehicles will be fitted with green licence plates bearing numbers in white fonts for private cars and yellow font for taxis.
  • Significance of the move: The measure is aimed at promoting e-vehicle’s use and the government is considering exemption from permits for such vehicles. The purpose behind distinctive number plates is their easy identification for preferential treatment in parking, free entry in congested zones besides other proposed benefits like concessional toll.

Types of number plates:

  • India, currently, has four kinds of number plates – white licence plates with numbers on black font for private cars, yellow plates with fonts in black for commercial vehicles, black plates with yellow font letters for self-driven rental vehicles and blue plates with white font letters for Embassies and High Commissions.
  • Army vehicles, on the other hand, follow a different registration system given by the defence ministry, while vehicles of the President and governors have red licence plates with the national emblem.

 FAME scheme

The Government started Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric vehicles (FAME) scheme which provides incentives for purchasing electric vehicle.

It is a part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan. The scheme envisages Rs 795 crore support in the first two fiscals starting with the current year.

It is being administered by the Heavy Industries Ministry.


With the onus of being the second-largest populated country in the world, India has a lot of reasons to rejoice over the bright outlook of the adoption of electric vehicles in India. NITI Aayog said in a recent report that can cut its energy demand by 64% and carbon emissions by 37% by making its passenger mobility shared, electric, and connected. The concept not only helps India to fulfil its renewable energy goals but also assists it in other facets like the ‘Make in India’ vision.

The Indian automobile industry is the sixth-largest in the world and accounts for a whopping 22% of the country’s total manufacturing output. The large-scale adoption of electric vehicles can play an important role in increasing the share of manufacturing in India’s GDP from the current 15% to 25% by 2022.

 Operation Insaaniyat

India has sent Bangladesh its second relief consignment under Operation Insaaniyat to help tens of thousands of displaced Rohingya Muslims who fled Myanmar into Bangladesh following military crackdown in the country.

Source: The Hindu,PIB.

Daily Current Affairs:UPSC PSC SSC Exams

             Insight Mission

  • InSight, short for Interior Exploration using Seismic Investigations, Geodesy and Heat Transport, is a Mars lander designed to give the Red Planet its first thorough checkup
  • It is the first outer space robotic explorer to study in-depth the “inner space” of Mars: its crust, mantle, and core
  • Studying Mars’ interior structure answers key questions about the early formation of rocky planets in our inner solar system – Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars – more than 4 billion years ago, as well as rocky exoplanets. InSight also measures tectonic activity and meteorite impacts on Mars today.
  • This mission is part of NASA’s Discovery Program for highly focused science missions that ask critical questions in solar system science.
  • This is the first launch to another planet from the West Coast.
  • It will use seismology (the study of quakes) to determine the makeup and structure of the Red Planet’s core, mantle, and crust.
  • Currently, we know that Mars’ crust consists of lighter rocks and minerals, while heavier materials sank down to form its core and mantel.
  • To learn more about its internal composition, the lander will use specialized instruments to observe seismic waves during “mars quakes.

Eat less saturated, Tran’s fats to curb heart disease: WHO

  • The World Health Organisation (WHO) has recommended that adults and children should consume a maximum of 10% of their daily calorie intake in the form of saturated fat (found in meat and butter) and 1% in Tran’s fats.
  • Dietary saturated fatty acids and trans-fatty acids are of particular concern as high levels of intake are correlated with increased risk of CVDs
  • Saturated fatty acids and Trans-fatty acids
  • Saturated fatty acids are found in foods from animal sources such as butter, milk, meat, salmon, and egg yolks, and some plant-derived products such as chocolate and cocoa butter, coconut, palm and palm kernel oils.
  • Trans-fatty acids can be industrially produced by the partial hydrogenation of vegetable and fish oils, but they also occur naturally in meat and dairy products from ruminant animals (for example, cattle, sheep, goats and camels).
  • Industrially-produced trans-fatty acids can be found in baked and fried foods (doughnuts, cookies, crackers, pies, etc.), pre-packaged snacks and food, and in partially hydrogenated cooking oils and fats that are often used at home, in restaurants, or by the informal sector, such as street vendors of food.


  • Thalassaemia is an inherited blood disorder characterised by less oxygen-carrying protein (hemoglobin) and fewer red blood cells in the body than normal.
  • Symptoms include fatigue, weakness, paleness and slow growth.
  • Thalassaemia are genetic disorders inherited from a person’s parents
  • India has the highest number of thalassaemia majors and carriers (or those who are asymptomatic).
  • It is estimated that there are more than 100,000 thalassaemia majors in the country or an average prevalence rate of 3-4% carriers in the general population.
  • Each year, there are 10,000 children born with thalassaemia major.
  • The two types of thalassaemia are alpha thalassaemia and beta thalassaemia.
  • In alpha thalassaemia, having one faulty gene will cause little or no effect to a person.
  • Two faulty genes are associated with mild anemia.
  • Three mutated genes result in hemoglobin H disease that needs regular blood transfusions to treat chronic anemia.
  • Unborn babies with four faulty genes are unlikely to survive pregnancy.
  • Beta thalassaemia also has different forms:
  • Beta Thalassaemia Major, also called BTM, requires lifelong regular blood transfusions.
  • Beta Thalassaemia Inter media is also known as BTI or non-transfusion dependent thalassaemia or NTDT. This is a milder form of the condition and the severity will differ between individuals, from mild anemia to the need for regular blood transfusions.
  • Patients require lifelong blood transfusion, iron chelation therapies and other treatment
  • There is still no cure other than a bone marrow transplant.
  • As this has to be done in early childhood, it is not a workable cure as yet for adults.
  • Thalassaemia causes a significant economic burden on the country due to rising health care and drug expenses.
  • Given the genetic nature of the disease, it is in India’s best interests to focus on prevention and a cure.


Cost is a barrier

The development has raised the hopes of patients and families, the biggest obstacle is its cost. Most patients in India cannot pay for such expensive treatments in the absence of any government support and the complete lack of medical insurance for genetic disorders.

  • The Department of Biotechnology (DBT) has constituted a task force (“Stem Cell Research and Regenerative Medicine”) to encourage transnational research
  • On the regulatory front, there are clear guidelines for “Stem Cell Research and Therapy” that have been formulated jointly by the DBT and the Indian Council of Medical Research.
  • The new Drugs and Clinical trials Rules, 2018 encourage and motivate clinical research for orphan diseases
  • India has no dearth of talented and ethical medical researchers and doctors who can engage in gene therapy research. So, the government, medical research institutes and hospitals need to start developing low-cost gene therapies for thalassaemia.

     Gravity RAT

  • It is a malware allegedly designed by Pakistani hackers, which has updated its programming capabilities and is equipped with anti-malware evasion capabilities.
  • the latest update to the program by its developers is part of GravityRAT’s function as an Advanced Persistent Threat (APT), which, once it infiltrates a system, silently evolves and does long-term damage.
  • The RAT was first detected by Indian Computer Emergency Response Team, CERT-In, on various computers in 2017. It is designed to infliltrate computers and steal the data of users, and relay the stolen data to Command and Control centres in other countries.
  • The ‘RAT’ in its name stands for Remote Access Trojan, which is a program capable of being controlled remotely and thus difficult to trace.

How is it different from other Malware?

  • Gravity RAT is unlike most malware, which are designed to inflict short term damage. It lies hidden in the system that it takes over and keeps penetrating deeper.
  • Gravity RAT has now become self aware and is capable of evading several commonly used malware detection techniques,
  • One such technique is ‘sand boxing’, to isolate malware from critical programs on infected devices and provide an extra layer of security.
  • Typically, malware activity is detected by the ‘noise’ it causes inside the Central Processing Unit, but Gravity RAT is able to work silently.
  • It can also gauge the temperature of the CPU and ascertain if the device is carrying out high intensity activity, like a malware search, and act to evade detection,
  • The other concern is that the Command and Control servers are based in several countries. The data is sent in an encrypted format, making it difficult to detect exactly what is leaked.

How does the Trojan enter the system?

  • Gravity RAT infiltrates a system in the form of an innocuous looking email attachment, which can be in any format, including MS Word, MS Excel and MS PowerPoint, Adobe Acrobat or even audio and video files.
  • The hackers first identify the interests of their targets and then send emails with suitable attachments. Thus a document with ‘share prices’ in the file is sent to those interested in the stock market. Once it is downloaded, it prompts the user to enter a message in a dialogue box, purportedly to prove that the user is not a bot. While the users take this to be a sign of extra security, the action actually initiates the process for the malware to infiltrate the system, triggering several steps that end with Gravity Rat sending data to the Command and Control server regularly

Specially designed for Prelims-2018

United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA)

  • It is a separatist outfit seeks to establish a sovereign Assam with an armed struggle to form a socialist Assam.
  • According to ULFA sources, it was founded in 1979 at Rang Ghar, a historic structure dating to the Ahom kingdom (1228–1826) and began operations in 1990.
  • It has had training camps and sanctuaries in Nagaland and Naga inhabited areas of Arunachal Pradesh, as well as in Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.
  • ULFA’s stated objective is the attainment of Swadhin Asom (independent Assam). It has declared its readiness to talk with the government on the condition that the above is on the agenda.
  • Sunil Nath spokesman of ULFA has stated that the organization established ties with the Nationalist Socialist Council of Nagaland (NSCN) in 1983 and with the Burma based KIA in 1987.
  • The Government of India (GOI) has classified it as a terrorist organization and had banned it under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act in 1990.
  • Concurrently, GOI started military offensives against it, named Operation Bajrang November 1990, Operation Rhino September 1991, Operation All Clear December 2003 and Operation Rhino 2 led by the Indian Army.
  • Operation All Clear was a military operation conducted by Royal Bhutan Army forces against Assam separatist insurgent groups in the southern regions of Bhutan between 15 December 2003 and 3 January 2004. It was the first operation ever conducted by the Royal Bhutan Army.
  • The anti-insurgency operations still continue at present under the Unified Command Structure.


  • Leptospirosis is an infection caused by corkscrew-shaped bacteria called Leptospira.
  • Symptoms can range from none to mild such as headaches, muscle pains, and fevers; to severe with bleeding from the lungs or meningitis.
  • If the infection causes the person to turn yellow, have kidney failure and bleeding, it is then known as Weil’s disease
  • If it also causes bleeding into the lungs then it is known as severe pulmonary hemorrhage syndrome

Daily Current Affairs: UPSC PCS SSC Exams

National security clearance policy

The Home Ministry has given security clearance to more than 5,000 investment proposals, including for Foreign Direct Investment, in the last four years.

Among the foreign countries, U.S., China (including Hong Kong), Mauritius, U.K. has received the green signal for the maximum number of projects at 10 each, followed by Germany 6, Bangladesh 3 and two each for Italy, Israel, Netherlands and Switzerland.

  • Security clearance is granted by the Ministry of Home Affairs after assessing reports received from the Central Intelligence and investigating agencies from the national security point of view.
  • The Ministry had formulated a new national security clearance policy in 2015 after the government decided to speed up projects, which were stuck for lack of approval by Intelligence Bureau (I.B) or other agencies including the State police.
  • The time taken for security clearance for a project was eight-nine months on an average. This has been brought down to 40 days since last year.

Policy for national security clearance

The Ministry of Home Affairs has formulated a policy for national security clearance for certain sensitive sectors of the economy by codifying all existing practices. In addition, the policy has also liberalized certain investment restrictions existing earlier.

  • The new policy is aimed at bringing about a healthy balance between meeting the imperatives of national security and facilitating ease of doing business and promoting investment in the country.
  • Under the new policy, fifteen parameters have been laid down where inputs from security agencies will be sought.
  • The parameters on which inputs would be sought by the security agencies would be: money aundering charges against the promoters, terrorist angle, financial fraud and scam, passport fraud, links with external intelligence agencies and conviction for any serious crime like murder.
  • At present, only 11 sectors, including defence and retail trading, require government approval for foreign direct investment. Over 90% of FDI proposals have come through the automatic route.

Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Namami Gange Programme

National Mission for Clean Ganga has brought on board Survey of India to facilitate the Ganga rejuvenation task by using Geographic Information System (GIS) technology. Through the project, NMCG aims to strengthen planning and implementation at national/state/local levels.

DEM technology:

The project includes use of Digital Elevation Model (DEM) technology which ensures accurate data collection, an important aspect for river basin management planning. DEM technology enables identification of entire topography of an area making it easy for policy makers to analyse the available data thereby supporting the decision-making process. Critical hotspots are also easily identified through this technology.

About Namami Gange Programme

Namami Gange programme was launched as a mission to achieve the target of cleaning river Ganga in an effective manner with the unceasing involvement of all stakeholders, especially five major Ganga basin States – Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar and West Bengal.

The programme envisages: River Surface Cleaning, Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure, River Front Development, Bio-Diversity, Afforestation and Public Awareness.


The program would be implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), and its state counterpart organizations i.e., State Program Management Groups (SPMGs).

In order to improve implementation, a three-tier mechanism has been proposed for project monitoring comprising of a) High level task force chaired by Cabinet Secretary assisted by NMCG at national level, b) State level committee chaired by Chief Secretary assisted by SPMG at state level and c) District level committee chaired by the District Magistrate.

The program emphasizes on improved coordination mechanisms between various Ministries/Agencies of Central and State governments.

About Survey of India

It is the oldest scientific department in the country set up in 1767. It works under the administrative control of Department of Science & Technology.

  • As the nation’s Principal Mapping Agency, Survey of India bears a special responsibility to ensure that the country’s domain is explored and mapped suitably, provide base maps for expeditious and integrated development and ensure that all resources contribute with their full measure to the progress, prosperity and security of our country now and for generations to come.

e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential.


The Ministry of Human Resource Development has launched a major and unique initiative of online professional development of 1.5 million higher education faculty using the MOOCs platform SWAYAM.

In the first phase, 75 discipline-specific National Resource Centres have been identified which are tasked to prepare online training material with focus on latest developments in the discipline, new & emerging trends, pedagogical improvements and methodologies for transacting revised curriculum.

SWAYAM: It is an online interactive learning platform that provides, not only video lectures, reading material but also assignments/quizzes that could end up in securing credits after completing the assessment system.

  • More than 400 Courses are available on SWAYAM covering all the engineering and non-engineering subjects at undergraduate and post-graduate levels.
  • The UGC has already issued Regulation that allows transfer of credits earned through the courses done through SWAYAM into the academic record of the students.
  • It is now possible for the students and others to take courses of the prestigious I.I.Ts or I.IMs without formally studying there.
  • The platform has been constructed by Microsoft with totally indigenous efforts.

Effects of liberalization on the economy

GST Network (GSTN)

The GST Council has approved making GST Network (GSTN) a government entity by taking over stakes held by private entities. As per the proposal, the central government will own 50% and the remaining would be collectively held by state governments.

  • The GSTN is a private limited company floated to aid the roll out of the new indirect tax regime.
  • The company will provide information technology support to all stakeholders for smooth implementation of the new taxation regime across the country and will be the repository of all information related to taxation and entities registered under GST.
  • The majority (51%) shareholding in the firm is with private entities including HDFC Bank, ICICI Bank and LIC among others. The central government, jointly with state governments and Union Territories, own 49% in the company.

 Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC)

  1. National Water Informatics Centre (NWIC) has recently been created by Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
  2. NWIC would be a repository of nation-wide water resources data and would work as a Subordinate Office under the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
  3. NWIC is expected to provide a ‘Single Window’ source of updated data on water resources & allied themes; and provides value added products and services to all stake holders for its management and sustainable development.
  4. The centre will also collaborate with leading research institutes nationally as well as internationally to provide technical support to other central and state organizations dealing with water, emergency response for hydro logical extremes.

The centre would be headed by a Joint Secretary level officer.

The management of water resources is a highly complex and tedious task that involves expertise of multidisciplinary domains and depend on historical and real time reliable data and information. For this, the first requirement is to develop, maintain and update regularly a comprehensive “Water Resources Information System” (WRIS) in public domain for awareness and involvement of all concerned for effective integrated water resources management. This is also prerequisite for scientific assessment, monitoring, modelling and Decision Support System (DSS) and Integrated water resource Management.


Security agencies

Narcotics Control Bureau

  • The third bilateral meeting between Narcotics Control Bureau (NCB), India and Police Narcotics Bureau (PNB), Sri Lanka on Narcotics Drugs and Psychotropic Substances and related matters was recently held in New Delhi.
  • NCB, India and PNB, Sri Lanka have recognized the challenging drug situation in the region and identified useful areas of future cooperation including in field of information exchange, control delivery operations and training.
  • The Narcotics Control Bureau is the apex coordinating agency. The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 which came into effect from the 14th November, 1985 made an express provision for constituting a Central Authority for the purpose of exercising the powers and functions of the Central Government under the Act.
  • The Bureau, subject to the supervision and control of the Central Government, is to exercise the powers and functions of the Central Government for taking measures with respect to:
  • Co-ordination of actions by various offices, State Governments and other authorities under the N.D.P.S. Act, Customs Act, Drugs and Cosmetics Act and any other law for the time being in force in connection with the enforcement provisions of the NDPS Act, 1985.
  • Implementation of the obligation in respect of counter measures against illicit traffic under the various international conventions and protocols that are in force at present or which may be ratified or acceded to by India in future.
  • Assistance to concerned authorities in foreign countries and concerned international organisations to facilitate coordination and universal action for prevention and suppression of illicit traffic in these drugs and substances.
  • Coordination of actions taken by the other concerned Ministries, Departments and Organizations in respect of matters relating to drug abuse.

Source: PIB

Daily Current Affairs: UPSC Exams

Western Ghats forest cover vital for Tamil Nadu’s South-West monsoon rainfall

  • Researchers have found one more reason why urgent steps have to be taken to stop deforestation in the Western Ghats.
  • The dense vegetation in the Western Ghats determines the amount of rainfall that Tamil Nadu gets during the summer monsoon.
  • A team from the Department of Civil Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology (I.I.T) Bombay has found that dense forests of the Western Ghats contribute as much as 40% of moisture to the southwest monsoon rainfall over Tamil Nadu during normal monsoon years.
  • The average contribution is 25-30%. But during monsoon deficit years, the contribution increases to as high as 50%.
  • The study found the forests of Western Ghats contribute as much as 3 mm per day of rainfall during August and September over a “majority of locations in Tamil Nadu and 1 mm per day during June and July.

The study also found that deforestation of the Ghats led to 0.25 degree C increase in surface temperature across the State.

Cyclonic circulation in Haryana could have set off dust storms

A cyclonic circulation over Haryana was the trigger for the deadly dust storm that swept parts of Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh, weather experts said, estimating that the wind speed during the storm might have gone up to 100 kms per hour.

  • The winds were so violent that a number of houses collapsed and electricity poles and trees got uprooted, as the severe dust storm swept parts of these states.
  • The phenomenon was restricted to these two states, largely because of external and domestic reasons.
  • There were primarily four reasons that lead to the thunderstorm — excessive heating, availability of moisture, instability in atmosphere and a trigger for the storm.
  1.     The cold winds from the western disturbance was making atmosphere unstable.
  2.  This led to the formation of two cloud patches.
  3.  In case of a dust storm, due to excessive heating, the water from the clouds evaporates before it could land. So soil is dry and the severe winds lift up this soil up to 500 metres above the land.

Hawaii volcano erupts; county issues evacuation orders for 10,000 people

Up to 10,000 people have been asked to leave their homes on Hawaii’s Big Island following the eruption of the Kilauea volcano that came after a series of recent earthquakes

  • County, state and federal officials had been warning residents all week that they should be prepared to evacuate, as an eruption would give little warning.


Hawaii is the 50th and most recent state to have joined the United States of America, having received statehood on August 21, 1959. Hawaii is the only U.S. state located in Oceania and the only one composed entirely of islands. It is the northernmost island group in Polynesia, occupying most of an archipelago in the central.

The eruption comes after days of earthquakes rattled the area’s Puna district.

The Puu Oo crater floor began to collapse, triggering a series of earthquakes and pushing the lava into new underground chambers.

  •  The collapse caused magma to push more than 10 miles (16 kilometers) down slope toward the populated southeast coastline of the island.
  • USGS geologist said the magma crossed under Highway 130, which leads to a popular volcano access point.
  • Most of Kilauea’s activity has been non-explosive, but a 1924 eruption spewed ash and 10-ton (9-metric ton) rocks into the sky, leaving one man dead.

Puu Oo’s 1983 eruption resulted in lava fountains soaring over 1,500 feet high. In the decades since, the lava flow has buried dozens of square miles (kilometers) of land and destroyed many homes.

Preliminary enquiry not a must for every complaint under SC/ST Act, says Supreme Court

  • Only anti-Dalit atrocities’ complaints which are felt “absurd” or “absolutely” frivolous need to be probed by the police before proceeding to arrest the perpetrator, Justice qualified the apex court’s March 20 judgment which led to widespread unrest and violence across the country.
  • Preliminary enquiry is not a “must” in the case of every complaint under the anti-Dalit atrocities law Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989.
  •  The March 20 judgment by the Supreme Court had banned immediate arrest on the basis of complaints of atrocities committed on Dalits. The court had ordered that a preliminary enquiry should be conducted before such arrests.
  •  The judgment further required prior sanction to be procured from appointing authority before arrest if the suspect is a government servant and permission of Deputy Commissioner if the accused is a private individual.
  • Justice Lalit reasoned that the court’s judgment does not ban the police from registering an FIR, nor does it impose a particular line of action and nor does it say that an accused, if guilty, should not be punished.

U.S. warns of consequences for China’s SCS militarisation

The United States had raised concerns with China about its latest militarisation of the South China Sea (SCS) and there would be near-term and long-term consequences, the White House said.

news network CNBC reported that China had installed anti-ship cruise missiles and surface-to-air missile systems on three outposts in the SCS. It cited sources with direct knowledge of U.S. intelligence.

A U.S. official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said U.S. intelligence had seen some signs that China had moved some weapons systems to the Spratly Islands in the past month or so, but offered no details.

CNBC quoted unnamed sources as saying that according to U.S. intelligence assessments, the missiles were moved to Fiery Cross Reef, Subi Reef and Mischief Reef in the Spratly Islands within the past 30 days.

They would be the first Chinese missile deployments in the Spratlys, where several Asian countries including Vietnam and Taiwan have rival claims.

Foreign Minister of U.S. ally Australia said the reports, if accurate, would be a concern as the actions would be contrary to China’s stated aspiration not to militarize the features.

CNBC said the YJ-12B anti-ship cruise missiles allowed China to strike vessels within 295 nautical miles. It said the HQ-9B long-range; surface-to-air missiles could target aircraft, drones and cruise missiles within 160 nautical miles.

Maharashtra to float multi-billion dollar fund for defence units

The state government is looking to float a multi-billion dollar fund to provide assistance to units looking to manufacture ingenuously-built defence products.

The government is looking to scale up the already announced corpus of ₹1,000 crore following positive response from the investors to its defence and aerospace policy, senior officials said.

The Centre is also likely to contribute. The government is in talks with financial institutions such as IDBI Bank, SBI Caps, Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) for financial assistance.

Maharashtra’s Space and Defence Production Policy is aimed at empowering the MSMEs and help them “create competitive international standard skilled manpower”.

Last year the then defence minister had directed the state to declare the defence industry as an essential service under the Maharashtra Essential Services and Maintenance Act.

Much of the funding, officials confirmed, will be directed towards defence R&D, innovation, and testing centres.

The centres will be used to impart training and create jobs. Research and development (R&D) will also get a boost with assistance up to 50% of the project cost, excluding land and building, subject to a maximum of ₹10 crore. Additional FSI of 0.5 will be provided to eligible R&D units.

New snake found in Western Ghats

Just 40 cm long and iridescent brown, Bhupathy’s shield tail is the latest addition to the snake fauna of the Western Ghats.

  • The snake, currently observed only in the forests of the Anaikatty hills in Tamil Nadu’s Coimbatore district, has been named Uropeltis bhupathyi, after the late herpetologist S. Bhupathy, for his contributions to the field.
  • The reptile belongs to a family of snakes found only in peninsular India and Sri Lanka. They are non-venomous, burrowing and mostly earthworm-eating, and are called shield tails after the large, flat tips of their tails, which make them appear almost sliced off.
  •  Compared their specimens with those in museums and collections across both Europe and India, and analysed the new shieldtail’s DNA, which confirmed that it was a hitherto unknown species.
  • The discovery takes the number of known species of shield tails in India to 41. The country is home to more than 300 snake species.

Source:-The Hindu.

Daily Current Affairs:Rajasthan

South Western Command conducts Exercise Vijay Prahar in Rajasthan

  • About South Western Command

The South Western Command of the Indian Army was established in April 2005 and became fully operational on 15 August 2005. It is headquartered at Jaipur, Rajasthan. The command’s operational units include I Corps, formerly under Central Command, and X Corps transferred from Western Command.

  1. South Western Command of Indian Army is conducting ‘Vijay Prahar’ exercise in Mahajan area close to Suratgarh in Rajasthan. In this exercise, over 20,000 troops are participating with fighting equipment for couple of week’s o fine-tunes jointmanship with the Indian Air Force.
  2. About 20,000 troops of strike formation of the Army’s South Western Command (SWC) are carrying out ‘Vijay Prahar’ exercise with cutting-edge equipment and state-of-the-art force multipliers in the Mahajan Field Firing Ranges close to Suratgarh in Rajasthan.
  3. The exercise represents a small section of the overall offensive along our Western front which would be a high tempo joint air land operation involving hundreds of aircraft’s, thousands of tanks and artillery pieces supported by real time intelligence  surveillance reconnaissance and just in time logistic support.
  4. Troops are participating in a month-long exercise to practice penetrative maneuvers across the obstacle-ridden terrain, mainly the heartland Punjab area of our adversary, under a nuclear umbrella.
  5. During the exercise the formations of South Western Command are practicing and operational sing certain innovative concepts of operating in the network-centric environment, integrated employment of modern day sensors with the weapon platforms, employment of attack helicopters in the air cavalry role and bold offensive of application of the Special Forces.
  6. The formations will also refine the drills and procedures for fighting in the nuclear environment during the course of the exercise.
  7. The exercise has a focus on the real time information, intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance capabilities, deployment and using satellite-based surveillance capabilities, drones, electronic warfare capabilities, radars with an aim to have a transparent battle field.

Cabinet approves declaration of Scheduled Areas in respect of Rajasthan under Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of India

The Union Cabinet Chaired by Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has given approval to the declaration of Scheduled Areas in respect of Rajasthan under Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of India by rescinding the Constitution Order (C. O.)114 dated 12th February 1981 and promulgation of a new Constitution Order.

The promulgation of new C. O. will ensure that the Scheduled Tribes of Rajasthan will get benefits of protective measures available under the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of India.

The Rajasthan Government has requested for extension of Scheduled Areas in the State of Rajasthan under Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of India.


The Scheduled Tribes residing in Banswara, Dungarpur, Pratapgarh, and partial areas of Udaipur, Rajsamand, Chittorgarh, Pali and Sirohi districts of Rajasthan will get benefits of protective measures available under the Fifth Schedule to the Constitution of India.

The areas comprising of 3 complete districts namely,Banswara, Dungarpur, Pratapgarh; 9 complete tehsils, 1 complete block and 46 complete gram panchayats covering 227 villages in district Udaipur, Rajsamand, Chittorgarh, Pali and Sirohi of Rajasthan, would be included in the Scheduled Areas in the State of Rajasthan.

No additional funds are required as to be expended on account of declaration of Scheduled Areas.

This will be part of Tribal Sub-Plan (now renamed as Tribal Sub-Scheme) within existing schemes of Central and the State Government for more focused attention in Scheduled Areas for effecting speedy development.


The Scheduled Areas were first notified in the year 1950. Subsequently, Constitution Orders specifying the Scheduled Areas were issued for State of Rajasthan in 1981. Due to reorganization/creation of new districts and changes in population of Scheduled Tribes as per 2011 Census, the Government of Rajasthan has requested for extension of Scheduled Areas in the State of Rajasthan.

First mega food park in Rajasthan

Rajasthan’s first mega food park, inaugurated at Roopangarh village near Ajmer earlier this week, will benefit thousands of farmers by providing them with the primary and central processing and storage facilities and enabling them to get remunerative prices for their produce. The park has been set up at a cost of Rs. 113.57 crore, while its annual turnover is likely to be Rs. 450 crore.

Inaugurating the food park, Union Minister for Food Processing Industries said that it would connect the farmers with the e-national agricultural market and enable them to sell their produce directly in 550 mandis.

“This food park will earn an identity for itself within three years by ensuring the growth of food processing industry for the benefit of farmers, growers, processors and consumers.

BrahMos missile successfully tested fired with indigenous seeker

BrahMos missile is the heaviest weapon to be deployed on India’s Su-30 fighter aircraft

India today successfully test fired the Brahmos supersonic cruise missile with an indigenous seeker at Pokhran test range in Rajasthan. Defence Minister Nirmala Sitharaman said the missile hit the target with “pin-point” accuracy and the success will further bolster India’s national security.

The test firing comes three months after the Brahmos cruise missile was successfully test fired for the first time from the Indian Air Force’s frontline Sukhoi-30 MKI combat jet. “Formidable Supersonic Cruise Missile #BrahMos was successfully flight tested at 8:42 AM today at Pokhran test range, Rajasthan. The precision strike weapon with Indian-made seeker flew in its designated trajectory and hit the target with pin-point accuracy.

The range of the missile, an Indo-Russia joint venture, can be extended up to 400 km as certain technical restrictions were lifted after India became a full member of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) last year. Brahmos is a joint venture between DRDO of India and NPO Mashinostroyenia (NPOM) of Russia.

The Defence Minister congratulated the DRDO on today successful test firing. Brahmos missile is the heaviest weapon to be deployed on India’s Su-30 fighter aircraft. Work has already begun to integrate the Brahmos supersonic cruise missile on 40 Sukhoi combat aircraft which is expected to fulfil the critical needs of the Indian Air Force in the wake of evolving security dynamics in the region.

Jaipur to host 8th Theatre Olympics

The city has geared up to grab the limelight as one of the co-hosts of the 8th Theater Olympics, the largest international theater festival to be held for the first time in India.

The Jaipur chapter of the Theatre Olympics, 2018, will be organised by the National School of Drama (NSD) under the aegis of Union ministry of culture in collaboration with the Ravindra Manch Society and state art and culture department.

Addressing a joint news conference here, NSD registrar Pradeep Kumar Mohanty, along with chief coordinator of the event Laique Hussain and Mamta Mathur, representative of the Ravindra Manch, said Jaipur will stage 15 plays on international, national and folk theatre forms between March 18 and April 1.

The 8th edition of the global theatre fest will cover 17 cities in India with more than 25,000 artists performing 450 shows, 600 ambience performances and 250 youth shows.

  • The 8th Theater Olympics is a great opportunity to highlight the cultural heritage of Rajasthan.

“A number of folk art forms from the state have already been showcased during the festival. We hope that the international festival will give a boost to the folk and theatre performers in the state,” he said.

The desert state has a number of indigenous folk and theatrical art forms, most of which are popular among the people such as puppet dance, Kalbelia, Ghoomar among others.

Some of the folk art forms like Swaang, Gawri among others have been showcased during the theater festival.

Jaipur will witness 15 plays over the fortnight, including six, especially invited plays as well as folk performances and international productions.

The festival  culminate at Mumbai on April 8.

Rajasthan passes bill to award death penalty for those who rape girls under 12 years of age

Rajasthan assembly today passed an amendment bill awarding death penalty for convicts involved in the rape of girls below 12 years of age.

State Home Minister Gulab Chand Kataria introduced ‘The Criminal Laws (Rajasthan Amendment) Bill, 2018’ today in the assembly, which was passed in the House by a voice vote following a debate.

The new amendment added sections 376-AA and 376-DD to the Indian Penal Code, 1860. The amendment says that a person who is convicted of raping/gang-raping a girl up to twelve years of age will be given a death sentence or rigorous imprisonment, which shall not be less than fourteen years and 20 years, respectively.

Rajasthan home minister GC Kataria said that the amendment bill will award life sentence and life imprisonment to child rapists and will ensure that the convict doesn’t get out of the jail even after completing 14 years of sentence.

“We have made two amendments in the case. Added life sentence and life imprisonment for convicts in offences against girls below 12 years of age, also made a provision that convict can’t leave the prison for life even after completing 14 years of sentence,” Kataria said.

By doing so, it became the second state after Madhya Pradesh to award death penalty to child rapists.

Uma Bharti launches 2nd project of Swajal Yojana in Rajasthan

Union Minister of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Sushri Uma Bharti, today launched the Swajal pilot project at Village Bhikampura, Karauli, Rajasthan. Besides ensuring the availability of clean drinking water to every household round the year, the project would also generate employment.

Sushri Uma Bharti urged the people to own the project that will be started soon. She reminded that it is the death anniversary of Chandrashekhar Azad and the government is trying to fulfil his dream of Swaraj.

She inaugurated the pilot Swajal Project at Bhikampura with a budget of more than 54.17 lakh rupees. Swajal is a community owned drinking water programme for sustained drinking water supply. Under the scheme, 90% of the project cost will be taken care by the Government and the remaining 10% of the project cost will be contributed by the community. The Operations and management of the project will be taken care by the local villagers.

As per the plan, four reservoirs will be constructed in the village and common tap connection will be given to almost 300 households. Bhikhampura village has scarcity of drinking water and villagers have to walk to at least 3 kilometers to collect it. During the lean season, water is supplied by tankers. The new project will ease the lives of the people and ensure that potable water is available for every individual round the year.

She reviewed the progress in 6 key sectors including health, nutrition, education, skill development, agriculture, financial inclusion and basic infrastructure and suggested the officials to take necessary action to expedite for early implementation of the program. MDWS will closely monitor the progress.

Government Inks $100 Million Loan Agreement With NDB For Rajasthan Water Project

The government has signed second Loan Agreement with New Development Bank (NDB) for the financing of Rajasthan Water Sector Restructuring Project for the Desert Areas.

This is the first tranche loan of $100 million was approved by the NDB under Multi-Tranche Financing Facility of $345 million for this project. The objective of the project is to rehabilitate 678 km long Indira Gandhi Nahar Project  built during 1958-63 to prevent seepage.

During the sixth BRICS Summit in Fortaleza (2014), the leaders signed the Agreement for establishing the New Development Bank (NDB).

NDB Headquarters in Shanghai, China.

PM Narendra Modi to inaugurate project commencement of Barmer refinery ​

Prime Minister Narendra Modi  inaugurate the commencement of the work of an oil refinery in Rajasthan’s Barmer district  and also address a public rally there.

“Looking forward to visiting Rajasthan. Sh. Modi attend a programme to mark the commencement of work for the Rajasthan Refinery at Pachpadra, in Barmer and will also address a public meeting.

“The Rajasthan refinery will be the first in the state, which is blessed with immense oil and gas reserves. This refinery will benefit Rajasthan, especially the industrious youth of the state.

The project, a Joint Venture of Hindustan Petroleum Corporation LtdNSE -1.13 %. And Rajasthan government is worth over Rs 43,000 crore.

Rajasthan becomes first state to offer e-mail IDs in Hindi.

Rajasthan has become the first state in India to launch free email addresses in Hindi for its residents. The facility will be available at name@rajasthan.bharat (in Devanagari script). The initiative aims to ensure maximum participation of people towards e-governance and ensure that maximum government facilities are available in vernacular language. Key Facts The project is being implemented by state IT department with partnership in form of in-sourcing with private IT companies. This initiative is small part of ‘Rajasthan DigiKit’ which has seen enrollment of more of more than one crore people from the state. The first e-mail ID from this initiative was created by Chief Minister Vasundhara Raje with id casundhara@rajasthan.bharat (in Devanagari). All government personnel in state will soon have an email id in Hindi too. The Hindi email ID will be offered to all the Internet users.

RAS Daily Current Affairs

1. D B Gupta is Rajasthan’s new chief secretary

The suspense that extended till late night ,1983 batch IAS officer Devendra Bhushan Gupta was announced as the chief secretary of the Rajasthan. He succeeds Nihal Chand Goel, who retired on Monday. He is the sixth chief secretary in four years of the present BJP government.

  • He will also hold the post of chairman, Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Ltd, Udaipur, till further orders.
  • Gupta has been holding the post of additional chief secretary (finance, excise and taxation). Popularly known as ‘DB’ among bureaucratic circles, the soft-spoken seasoned bureaucrat hails from Jaipur and has an MA in Economics and MBA to boot.
  • During his career spread over 35 years he handled many important positions, including commissioner, JDA; principal secretary, UDH, agriculture; additional chief secretary, PWD, energy, infrastructure, etc.

New chief secretary Gupta will retire in November 2020

Gupta’s wife Veenu Gupta is also a senior IAS officer of the Rajasthan cadre holding the post of additional chief secretary, medical and health.

The announcement came very late at night. According to sources, the appointment order was delayed due to the absence of the chief minister from the state capital. The chief minister was in Bundi attending a function and her return was delayed due to inclement weather as rain and thunder showers lashed the area delaying her fight.

Unlike his predecessor, Nihal Chand Goel, who had served the shortest term of four months in the top bureaucratic position, the new incumbent has a long tenure as he will retire only in November 2020. The suspense over the extension of the outgoing chief secretary, N C Goel, went on till late night as the new incumbent’s name was not announced during official hours of the day. There were rumors on giving a three-month extension to Goel, but by 6 pm bureaucrats began to flock to the chief secretary’s office for the official farewell function.

2. In Rajasthan, Valentine’s Day will now be ‘Matra-Pitra Pujan Divas’

The department has included the event in its yearly calendar-Shivir Panchang

The decision comes after the state education minister announced the event in the state assembly on March 5

In Rajasthan, Valentine’s Day will now be ‘Matra-Pitra Pujan Divas ‘In Rajasthan, Valentine’s Day will now is ‘Matra-Pitra Pujan Divas’

In a move to counter the growing influence of Valentine’s Day, the state education department will observe ‘Matra-Pitra Pujan Divas’ on February 14 every year from 2019. The department has included the event in its yearly calendar-Shivir Panchang.

The latest order is seen as a move to counter Valentine’s Day which is celebrated on February 14 every year. The decision comes after the state education minister Vasudev Devnani announced the event in the state assembly on March 5 to instill a sense of love for parents among students.

“Students should first learn to love their parents and then love anyone else. The aim is to instill a sense of love for parents. A similar event to felicitate parents is being held in Chhattisgarh,” Devnani had said. The order has come into effect.

Daily Current Affairs, 01 May

                     Krishna Circuit

The PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PHDCCI) and the Indian Yoga Association (IYA) have signed a memorandum of understanding (MoU) to facilitate interaction and cooperation between the two organisations to promote wellness, spiritual and cultural tourism in the Krishna Circuit.

Krishna Circuit

  • Krishna Circuit is among the thirteen thematic circuits identified for development under Swadesh Darshan Scheme.
  • Twelve destinations have been identified for development under Krishna circuit namely Dwarka (Gujarat), Nathdwara, Jaipur & Sikar (Rajasthan), Kurukshetra (Haryana), Mathura, Brindhavan, Nandgaon, Gokul, Barsana, & Govardhan (Uttar Pradesh) and Puri (Odisha).

About Swadesh Darshan Scheme:

The Tourism Ministry had launched ‘Swadesh Darshan’ scheme with an objective to develop theme-based tourist circuits in the country. These tourist circuits will be developed on the principles of high tourist value, competitiveness and sustainability in an integrated manner.

Features of Swadesh Darshan Scheme:

  • The scheme is 100% centrally funded for the project components undertaken for public funding.
  • To leverage the voluntary funding available for Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) initiatives of Central Public Sector Undertakings and corporate sector.
  • Funding of individual project will vary from state to state and will be finalized on the basis of detailed project reports prepared by PMC (Programme Management Consultant).

A National Steering Committee (NSC) will be constituted with Minister in charge of M/O Tourism as Chairman, to steer the mission objectives and vision of the scheme.

A Mission Directorate headed by the Member Secretary, NSC as a nodal officer will help in identification of projects in consultation with the States/ UTs governments and other stake holders.

PMC will be a national level consultant to be appointed by the Mission Directorate.

 Leisang Village in Manipur

  • The Leisang in Manipur has become the last village to be added to the national power grid under the Rural Electrification Scheme.
  • The government considers a village electrified if it has basic electrical infrastructure and 10% of its households and public places including schools, local administrative offices and health centres have power.
  • The government had allocated Rs75, 893 crore for the Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana with the aim of providing electricity access to all villages.


Government of India has launched the scheme “Deendayal Upadhyay Gram Jyoti Yojana” for rural electrification.

The erstwhile Rajiv Gandhi Grameen Vidyutikaran Yojana (RGGVY) scheme for village electrification and providing electricity distribution infrastructure in the rural areas has been subsumed in the DDUGJY scheme.

  • Rural Electrification Corporation is the Nodal Agency for implementation of DDUGJY.

The Yojana also includes the components:

  • To separate agriculture and non agriculture feeders facilitating judicious rostering of supply to agricultural and non-agricultural consumers in rural areas and
  • Strengthening and augmentation of sub transmission and distribution infrastructure in rural areas, including metering of distribution transformers/feeders/consumers.

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