On August 8, 2020, India commemorated the 78th anniversary of Quit India movement. On August 8, 1942, Mahatma Gandhi launched Quit India Movement at the session of All India Congress Committee in Mumbai.
What is Quit India Movement?
The Quit India Movement was launched after Cripps mission failed. Gandhiji made a Do or Die call through the movement. India too was facing havoc due to World War. The movement was crushed as it didn’t get support from outside. The British refused to grant immediate independence saying it could happen only after the war ended.
About Quit India Movement
The Movement was also called the India August Movement or August Kranti. The movement created slogans such as “Bharat Chodo”, “Quit India”, “Do or Die”. The Quit India Resolution was passed in the Congress meet held in Bombay on 8th August 1942. The resolution had the following mandatories
- It demanded for an immediate end to British rule in India
- It declared commitment free India to defend itself against imperialism and fascism
- It demanded formation of provisional government of India after withdrawal of British
The following are the main causes of the launch of Quit India Movement
- The precursors of second world war had begun. In 1939, Japan that was a part of the Axis Powers opposed British gaining onto the north-eastern frontiers of India. Many of the Indian leaders believed that if British left India, Japan would have enough reasons to invade India.
- The Cripps Mission failed to provide constitutional remedy to India’s problems
The British Government arrested all major Congress leaders such as Nehru, Gandhi, Patel. This left the movement in hands of young leaders such as Ram Manohar Lohia and Jayaprakash Narayan. More than 1 lakh people were arrested. The Indian National Congress was banned.
There were certain parties that did not support the movement. This included Communist Party of India, Muslim League and Hindu Mahasabha.