Assessment of Climate Change Report

The first ‘Assessment of Climate Change over Indian Region’ was recently released by the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences.

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Key projections of the report:

  1. The coming decades are projected to witness a considerable rise in the mean, extreme and inter-annual variability of rainfall associated with monsoon.
  2. Flood risks are higher over the east coast, West Bengal, eastern Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Konkan and cities like Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.
  3. The Himalayan flood basins are projected to greater floods, due to the faster glacial and snow melting.
  4. Storms in the Arabian Sea are gaining more strength and the trend is projected to continue.
  5. In coming decades, the average duration of heat waves during April-June is projected to double, and their frequency to rise by 3 to 4 times compared to 1976-2005.
  6. Eastern India could face two more droughts per decade compared to what was experienced during 1976-2005, while the Southern Peninsula is projected to experience one or two droughts fewer.

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