The first ‘Assessment of Climate Change over Indian Region’ was recently released by the Union Ministry of Earth Sciences.
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Key projections of the report:
- The coming decades are projected to witness a considerable rise in the mean, extreme and inter-annual variability of rainfall associated with monsoon.
- Flood risks are higher over the east coast, West Bengal, eastern Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Konkan and cities like Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.
- The Himalayan flood basins are projected to greater floods, due to the faster glacial and snow melting.
- Storms in the Arabian Sea are gaining more strength and the trend is projected to continue.
- In coming decades, the average duration of heat waves during April-June is projected to double, and their frequency to rise by 3 to 4 times compared to 1976-2005.
- Eastern India could face two more droughts per decade compared to what was experienced during 1976-2005, while the Southern Peninsula is projected to experience one or two droughts fewer.
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