Borders of a Country

  • Borders are geographic boundaries of political entities or legal jurisdictions, such as governments, sovereign states, federated states, and other subnational entities.
  • Borders are established through agreements between political or social entities that control those areas, the creation of these agreements is called boundary delimitation.
  • Some borders such as a state’s internal administrative border, or inter-state borders within the Schengen Area are often open and completely unguarded.
  • Other borders are partially or fully controlled, and may be crossed legally only at designated border checkpoints and border zones may be controlled.
  • Borders may even foster the setting up of buffer zones.
  • A difference has also been established in academic scholarship between border and frontier, the latter denoting a state of mind rather than state boundaries.
  • The frontiers were particularly porous for the physical movement of migrants, and people living in borderlands easily maintained transnational cultural and social networks.
  • A border may have been:
  1. Agreed by the countries on both sides
  2. Imposed by the country on one side
  3. Imposed by third parties, e.g. an international conference
  4. Inherited from a former state, colonial power or aristocratic territory
  5. Inherited from a former internal border, such as within the former Soviet Union
  6. Never formally defined.
  7. In addition, a border may be a de facto military ceasefire line.
  • Recently a border fence was erected between German city of Constance and the Swiss city of Kreuzlingen, which had become a symbol of the division created by the global pandemic.
  • But after Switzerland and Germany agreed to open up, the fence came down by midnight.

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