It is the region of Spain whose autonomy was recently suspended by Spain as the region’s leader threatened to declare independence. The Spain government would soon meet to activate Article 155 of the constitution, allowing it to take over running of the region. Article 155 of the constitution, which cemented democratic rule three years after the death of Dictator General Francisco Franco in 1975, allows Madrid to impose direct rule in a crisis but it has never been invoked. Catalonia is an autonomous community of Spain in the north-east end of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy. It has four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona. The capital and largest city is Barcelona, which is the second most populated city in Spain. Catalonia is one of the wealthiest regions of Spain. It accounts for 20.07% of the Spanish GDP.