Daily News Prescription – 18 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 18 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-18 January 2020. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020

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Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Exams 2020

1. What is National Investigation Agency Act, and why is Chhattisgarh challenging it?

2. Open Acreage Licensing Policy.

3. Telecommunication Consumers Education and Protection Fund (TCEPF).

4. Punjab’s new Right to Business Bill.

5. GSAT-30.

6. Bru-Reang refugee agreement.

7. Yada Yada virus.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

GS1: Geographical phenomenon

Explained: What new monsoon dates mean (IE) Over the past many years, however, significant changes have been seen in precipitation patterns

Can’t prevent earthquakes, but can minimise Damage: Earth Sciences ministry (DTE) Can’t prevent earthquakes, but can minimise Damage: Earth Sciences ministry. Vulnerable areas include all north-eastern states

GS2: Governance

Nirbhaya killers to hang on February 1 (TH) Court issues death warrants on a plea by the victim’s parents to expedite their execution. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020

Merger plan of RSTV and LSTV in final stages (TH)  By any reckoning RSTV has a far greater brand value but LSTV has the financial and administrative muscle

Bru deal could fuel tensions’ (TH) The move, they feel, has set a bad precedent but is the “State-level variant” of the Bharatiya Janata Party’s “national policy of keeping minorities

GS2: International Relations

Quiet, for now (TH) The trade deal between the U.S. and China allows President Trump to claim some success

Explained: How Russia’s new constitutional amendment will help Putin stay in power (IE) How Russia’s new constitutional amendment will help Putin stay in power

GS3: Science and Technology

GSAT-30 gives India a communication boost (TH) GSAT-30, for DTH television services, broadband operations, has been launched from Kourou

GS3: Environment

Renewable energy: Curtailment is a bane that must be done away with (DTE)  Curtailment is a bane that must be done away with. If solutions to the problem are not found,it will add to the.. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020

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India UNSC Permanent Member P-5 Case Study

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization responsible for maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, achieving international cooperation, and being a center for harmonizing the actions of nations. It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. The UN is headquartered on international territory in New York City; other main offices are in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague. India UNSC Permanent Member

The UN was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars, succeeding the ineffective League of Nations. On 25 April 1945, 50 governments met in San Francisco for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter, which was adopted on 25 June 1945 and took effect on 24 October 1945, when the UN began operations. Pursuant to the Charter, the organization’s objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; this number grew to 193 in 2011, representing the vast majority of the world’s sovereign states.

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The organization’s mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades by the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union and their respective allies. Its missions have consisted primarily of unarmed military observers and lightly armed troops with primarily monitoring, reporting and confidence-building roles. UN membership grew significantly following widespread decolonization beginning in the 1960s. Since then, 80 former colonies have gained independence, including 11 trust territories that had been monitored by the Trusteeship Council. By the 1970s, the UN’s budget for economic and social development programmes far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping. After the end of the Cold War, the UN shifted and expanded its field operations, undertaking a wide variety of complex tasks. India UNSC Permanent Member

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The UN has six principal organs: the General Assembly; the Security Council; the Economic and Social Council; the Trusteeship Council; the International Court of Justice; and the UN Secretariat. The UN System includes a multitude of specialized agencies, such as the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, and UNICEF. Additionally, non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UN’s work. The UN’s chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat Antonio Guterres since 1 January 2017. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

The UN, its officers, and its agencies have won many Nobel Peace Prizes, though other evaluations of its effectiveness have been mixed. Some commentators believe the organization to be an important force for peace and human development, while others have called it ineffective, biased, or corrupt.

Background

In the century prior to the UN’s creation, several international treaty organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross was formed to ensure protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and strife. In 1914, a political assassination in Sarajevo set off a chain of events that led to the outbreak of World War I. As more and more young men were sent down into the trenches, influential voices in the United States and Britain began calling for the establishment of a permanent international body to maintain peace in the postwar world. President Woodrow Wilson became a vocal advocate of this concept, and in 1918 he included a sketch of the international body in his 14-point proposal to end the war. In November 1918, the Central Powers agreed to an armistice to halt the killing in World War I. Two months later, the Allies met with Germany and Austria-Hungary at Versailles to hammer out formal peace terms. President Wilson wanted peace, but the United Kingdom and France disagreed, forcing harsh war reparations on their former enemies. The League of Nations was approved, and in the summer of 1919 Wilson presented the Treaty of Versailles and the Covenant of the League of Nations to the US Senate for ratification. On 10 January 1920, the League of Nations formally comes into being when the Covenant of the League of Nations, ratified by 42 nations in 1919, takes effect. However, at some point the League became ineffective when it failed to act against the Japanese invasion of Manchuria as in February 1933, 40 nations voted for Japan to withdraw from Manchuria but Japan voted against it and walked out of the League instead of withdrawing from Manchuria. It also failed against the Second Italo-Ethiopian War despite trying to talk to Benito Mussolini as he used the time to send an army to Africa, so the League had a plan for Mussolini to just take a part of Ethiopia, but he ignored the League and invaded Ethiopia, the League tried putting sanctions on Italy, but Italy had already conquered Ethiopia and the League had failed. After Italy conquered Ethiopia, Italy and other nations left the league. But all of them realized that it had failed and they began to re-arm as fast as possible. During 1938, Britain and France tried negotiating directly with Hitler but this failed in 1939 when Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia. When war broke out in 1939, the League closed down and its headquarters in Geneva remained empty throughout the war. Although the United States never joined the League, the country did support its economic and social missions through the work of private philanthropies and by sending representatives to committees. India UNSC Permanent Member

How does a country become a Member of the United Nations?

Membership in the Organization, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, “is open to all peace-loving States that accept the obligations contained in the United Nations Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able to carry out these obligations”. States are admitted to membership in the United Nations by decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council (P-5).

How does a new State or Government obtain recognition by the United Nations?

The recognition of a new State or Government is an act that only other States and Governments may grant or withhold. It generally implies readiness to assume diplomatic relations. The United Nations is neither a State nor a Government, and therefore does not possess any authority to recognize either a State or a Government. As an organization of independent States, it may admit a new State to its membership or accept the credentials of the representatives of a new Government.

The procedure is briefly as follows:

The State submits an application to the Secretary-General and a letter formally stating that it accepts the obligations under the Charter.

The Security Council considers the application. Any recommendation for admission must receive the affirmative votes of 9 of the 15 members of the Council, provided that none of its five permanent members — China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America — have voted against the application.

If the Council recommends admission, the recommendation is presented to the General Assembly for consideration. A two-thirds majority vote is necessary in the Assembly for admission of a new State.

Membership becomes effective the date the resolution for admission is adopted.

At each session, the General Assembly considers the credentials of all representatives of Member States participating in that session. During such consideration, which routinely takes place first in the nine-member Credentials Committee but can also arise at other times, the issue can be raised whether a particular representative has been accredited by the Government actually in power. This issue is ultimately decided by a majority vote in the Assembly. It should be noted that the normal change of Governments, as through a democratic election, does not raise any issues concerning the credentials of the representative of the State concerned.

Current Members

The Council is composed of 15 Members:

Five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly (with end of term year):

Belgium (2020)

Dominican Republic (2020)

Estonia (2021)

Germany (2020)

Indonesia (2020)

Niger (2021)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2021)

South Africa (2020)

Tunisia (2021)

Viet Nam (2021)

Non-Council Member States;

More than 50 United Nations Member States have never been Members of the Security Council.

A State which is a Member of the United Nations but not of the Security Council may participate, without a vote, in its discussions when the Council considers that country’s interests are affected. Both Members and non-members of the United Nations, if they are parties to a dispute being considered by the Council, may be invited to take part, without a vote, in the Council’s discussions; the Council sets the conditions for participation by a non-member State. India UNSC Permanent Member

Why isn’t India a permanent member of the UN Security Council?

At the time the United Nations was formed, it simply wasn’t an independent nation, nor was it anywhere near powerful or influential enough even if it had been. The point of having permanent membership on the UN Security Council is to give the Security Council some sort of foundation that provided for both the ability to act and the ability to maintain order. While there is no requirement for a permanent member of the Security Council nuclear weapons, there is a requirement, albeit an implicit one, that the permanent members are to a certain extent strong (in a militaristic sense), economically vibrant, and capable of displays international influence. During the 1940’s India would not have met any of these criteria. India UNSC Permanent Member

The UNSC, even with five permanent members, manages to pass resolutions on very few important things. Having a sixth country will only worsen the problem.

Why will the five countries want to share power with the sixth? The privilege is like a dinner table with a cake. One additional member means less space and less cake for all.

The permanent members have a veto power over all the decisions of the UNSC. What does this imply?  This ensures that no big decision is taken which will make a powerful country unhappy. This veto power serves well to the five members as it helps them protect their interests. China uses its veto power and opposes India.

Why should India be on UN Security Council?

The current P5 were among the strongest nations at the time of the creation of the UNSC. Germany and Japan were in shambles, and much of the world was still colonized. It made sense for nations like the US and USSR to become permanent members, as well as their major allies. However, the UN is a global organization, and it needs to have diversity that reflects the globe, in its most powerful body. This isn’t just to appear to be a more diverse body. The more different countries you have, the more perspectives you see brought to the table.

India is a major player on the world stage currently. It’s strategically located, and has warm relations with most of the P5. India could bring perspectives to the table that would differ greatly from those of the Western countries, China and Russia. That is because the issues India faces are different from the issues these nations face, and a fresh perspective would be refreshing to say the least.

India has a GDP of about 2 Trillion dollars and has been on an upward curve as far as the economy goes ever since the early 1990s. It’s also one of the fastest growing major economies of the world, and has even overtaken China in the rate of growth of the economy per year. It’s the 3rd largest economy in the world in terms of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP). There’s also the elephant in the room: the elephant that consists of 1.2 billion people. India could give representation to a vast number of these people. India UNSC Permanent Member

India: Statement by the Mission to the UN

Reform and improvements are an intrinsic part of any organization which has to serve the needs of a changing environment. The United Nations is no exception. India supports a strengthened and revitalized United Nations with its various organs functioning within their mandates in accordance with the UN Charter. India supports an enhanced role for the United Nations in development and development cooperation dialogue. India firmly believes that development should be central to UN’s agenda and be pursued in its own right. It is an indispensable prerequisite to the maintenance of international peace and security.

India has actively participated in all reforms and restructuring exercises that could enhance the capacity of the UN in the fulfillment of its primary tasks. India actively supported the establishment of UNICEF on a permanent basis, the creation of the UN Development Programme, establishment of UNEP and restructuring of the UN in the economic and social fields. It was also represented in the High Level Expert Group established by the UN Secretary-General in the mid-nineties on the financing of the UN. It participated constructively in the discussions on the Agenda for Peace and the Agenda for Development. India was also one of the co-chairs of the Working Group on Strengthening of the United Nations.

India has been supportive of the UN Secretary-General Mr. Kofi Annan’s reform proposals. While some of these have been agreed and implemented, discussions continue on others. An important proposal is the holding of the Millennium Assembly. India believes that the Millennium Assembly must identify concrete goals for the promotion of development cooperation and disarmament and must also provide the United Nations with the required resources to effectively tackle these challenges. India UNSC Permanent Member

India shares the concerns for improving efficiency, avoidance of duplication, and the minimization of waste in the functioning of the entire UN system. While efforts for these objectives need to be intensified, India believes that the Member States should pay their contributions unconditionally, in full and on time, as delays in payments have caused an unprecedented financial crisis in the UN system. Contributions of the Member States should have, as their fundamental underpinning, the capacity to pay principle. Financial reforms hold the key to the future of the world body. Without sufficient resources, the UN’s activities and role would suffer.

The United Nations as a universal forum should have as its guiding principles transparency, non-discrimination, consensus, and equal respect for the dignity of all individuals, societies and nations. Be it world trade, environment and development, resolution of the global debt crisis, or economic assistance for the poorest members of the world community, these values have to be the touchstone of global initiatives and actions.

The composition of the Security Council has remained largely static, while the UN General Assembly membership has expanded considerably. This has undermined the representative character of the Council. An expanded Council, which is more representative, will also enjoy greater political authority and legitimacy. India UNSC Permanent Member

In 1965, the membership of the Security Council was expanded from 11 to 15. There was no change in the number of permanent members. Since then, the size of the Council has remained frozen. Even more dramatic than the increase in the number of Member States of the UN, is the change in composition of the General Assembly. The overwhelming majority of the UN General Assembly members today are developing countries. They are also, most often the objects of the Council’s actions. They must have a role in shaping those decisions which affect them. The present composition of the Security Council, particularly the permanent members’ category, is weighted heavily in favour of industrialized countries. This imbalance must be redressed in an expansion of the Council, by enhancing the representation of developing countries in both permanent and non-permanent members’ categories. India UNSC Permanent Member

Activities of the Security Council have greatly expanded in the past few years. The success of Security Council’s actions depends upon political support of the international community. Any package for restructuring of the Security Council should, therefore, be broad-based. In particular, adequate presence of developing countries is needed in the Security Council. Nations of the world must feel that their stakes in global peace and prosperity are factored into the UN’s decision making.

Any expansion of permanent members’ category must be based on an agreed criteria, rather than be a pre-determined selection. There must be an inclusive approach based on transparent consultations. India supports expansion of both permanent and non-permanent members’ category. The latter is the only avenue for the vast majority of Member States to serve on the Security Council. Reform and expansion must be an integral part of a common package.

PM Modi to inaugurate ‘Gandhi Solar Park’ – India’s gift to the UN Headquarters

At a contribution of about one million dollars, India has gifted solar panels that have been installed on the roof of the UN Headquarters here, one panel each for every 193 UN Member State.

In a first of its kind symbolic effort by India at the UN, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate a 50KW ‘Gandhi Solar Park’ next week during his visit to the world organisation, a gesture that highlights India’s willingness to go beyond the talk on climate change.

At a contribution of about one million dollars, India has gifted solar panels that have been installed on the roof of the UN Headquarters here, one panel each for every 193 UN Member State.

PM Modi will remotely inaugurate the solar park at the UN Headquarters and the ‘Gandhi Peace Garden’ during a special commemorative event on September 24, 2019 marking Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary. On the occasion, a special UN Postage on Gandhi’s 150 years will also be released.

The ‘Gandhi Peace Garden’ is an innovative initiative under which the Consulate General of India in New York, Long Island-based NGO Shanti Fund and the State University of New York – Old Westbury have entered into an agreement to plant 150 trees. India UNSC Permanent Member

India UNSC Permanent Member

What are the chances of India for getting a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council?

What are the chances of India for getting a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council?

Why doesn’t Brazil have a permanent seat in the UN’ Security Council?

Is it true that Nehru rejected a permanent seat offered to India in the UN Security Council by The US, and if so, why did Nehru do so, and if …

United Nations in India

Source

Daily News Prescription – 13-16 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 13-16 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription 13-16 January 2020

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GS1: Art & culture

Vice President greets the nation on the auspicious occasion of Makar Sankranti and Pongal (TH) The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has greeted the nation on the auspicious occasion of Makar Sankranti and Pongal. Daily News Prescription January 2020

GS2: International Relations

Iran nuclear deal: EU launches dispute mechanism (TH) Britain, France and Germany charge Tehran over ‘transgressions’ that could ultimately lead to reimposition of UN sanctions.

GS2: Governance

SC rejects curative pleas of 2 Nirbhaya death row convicts (TH) The Supreme Court Tuesday refused to stay the execution of two of the four death row convicts in the 2012 Nirbhaya gang rape and murder case while dismissing their curative petitions against their conviction and capital punishment. Daily News Prescription January

Kerala govt. challenges CAA in Supreme Court (TH) The petitioner has sought directions from the Supreme Court for the Act

Explained: Article 131, on which Kerala has based its challenge to the CAA (IE) Explained: Article 131, on which Kerala has based its challenge

To ease burden on rehabilitation centres, govt to give free OPD access to addicts (Mint) govt to give free OPD access to addicts

Explained: How is a language declared ‘classical’ in India, what benefits it enjoys (IE) How is a language declared ‘classical’ in India, what benefits it enjoys .

A regime that chooses its critics (TH) NGOs need to tread carefully when they criticise the regime, knowing that too … No government should ever be able to choose its own critics.

The long wait for empowered mayors (TH) Mayors in many global cities go on to lead their country; in India it is the opposite story, with politics to be blamed.

Hallmarking made must for gold jewellery (TH) No jeweller will be allowed to sell gold jewellery or artefacts without hallmark from the Bureau of Indian Standards from January 15, 2021,

Union Consumer Affairs Minister Shri Ram Vilas Paswan asserts Gold hallmarking being made mandatory to ensure consumers are not cheated, are better informed about purity and corruption is removed (PIB) Union Consumer Affairs Minister Shri Ram Vilas Paswan asserts Gold hallmarking being made mandatory to ensure consumers are not cheated

GS2: Social issues

‘Policy on rare diseases another piece of paper (TH) Calling it just another piece of paper that is far from reality, groups working in the area of rare diseases in India have said that the National

Explained: What is the Centre’s recent policy for treatment of rare diseases? (IE) Under the policy, there are three categories of rare diseases

ASER flags poor learning outcomes in rural schools (TH) nly 16% of children in Class 1 in 26 surveyed rural districts can read text at the prescribed level, while almost 40nnot even recognise

How mother’s education correlates with child’s school and ability (IE) Around 25 year ago, when the project began, it took off quickly because “parents, especially mothers, wanted their children to go to pre-schools just like the children of the middle-class families in the apartments where they worked”. Daily News Prescription January 2020

GS3: Science and Technology

Explained: Why eruption of a tiny, ‘complex’ volcano is causing concern (IE) Explained: Why eruption of a tiny, ‘complex’ volcano is causing concern

GS3: Environment

CRZ rules eased for ‘Blue Flag’ beaches (TH) Centre eases CRZ rules for ‘Blue Flag’ beaches

GS3: Economy

Why the CCI is getting worried about e-tail wags (Mint) The CCI on Monday ordered a probe against Amazon

GS1: Indian Society

Top institutes will now be graded on gender equality (ToI) The ministry of science and technology will grade higher educational institutions and research institutes that it funds on gender equality

GS2: Governance

Shri Dharmendra Pradhan to launch ‘Saksham’, annual one-month long, people centric fuel conservation mega campaign of PCRA on 16th January, 2020 (PIB)  ‘Saksham’, an annual one-month long, people-centric fuel conservation mega campaign of Petroleum

GS2: International Relations

Russian govt resigns after Putin calls for constitutional revamp (Mint) The entire Russian government abruptly resigned on Wednesday after President Vladimir Putin proposed constitutional changes

Malaysia, ‘unsympathetic to Indian concerns’, may pay the price now (Mint) Tensions between India and Malaysia have grown after several statements by Malaysia.

Malaysia’s palm oil trade meets a Kashmir hurdle (Mint) The move will hit Malaysia, the main supplier to India of refined palm oil

GS2: Social Issues

THE GEOGRAPHY OF FARMER SUICIDES (Mint) The overall farmer suicide rate decreases in India but Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala

GS3: Economy

How RBI’s ‘twisting’ banks to cut rates (ToI) What’s the idea behind RBI’s ‘Operation Twist’ As banks have passed on only a part of rate cuts,

GS3: Economy

Telling Numbers: Indian passport ranked 84th in the world, Japan’s on top (IE) Indian passport ranked 84th in the world, Japan’s on to

GS1: Art & Culture

Inscriptions confirm the presence of two medieval monasteries at Moghalmari (TH) A study of inscriptions on clay tablets recovered from recent excavations at Moghalmari, a Buddhist monastic site of the early medieval period

GS2: Governance

Maharashtra, Gujarat lag behind in compensation for sewer deaths (TH)  Of the 926 deaths inside sewers in the country, from 1993 till December 31, 2019, families of 172 victims were yet to receive compensation,

Govt. launches road accident database (TH) The government on Monday launched a central accident database management system that will help in analyzing the causes of road crashes

GS3: Economy

Govt. gets cracking on GST evaders with data analytics (TH) Official teams have booked 6641 cases involving 7164 entities till November last year and have, so far, recovered about ₹1057 crore.

Inflation shock after GDP slump (Mint) Inflation shock after GDP growth slump.

RBI monetary policy committee’s first real inflation challenge is here (Mint)Vegetables and pulses drove a surge in headline inflation as the govt faltered on food management.  Retail inflation — The big worry: Spike comes in the wake of the global increase in food prices 

Small policy tweaks could be all that we need to revive MSMEs (Mint) Reducing payment delays by state-run firms could solve their credit … Opinion | Small policy tweaks could be all that we need to revive MSMEs.

GS1: Art & Culture

Rongali Bihu artists decry order on cheque payments (TH) Assam’s Goods and Services Tax authority has asked the Bihu committees across Assam to make all transactions, including payments

Explained: How Swami Vivekananda became the ‘messenger of Indian wisdom’ to the West (IE) Vivekananda was born in Kolkata on January 12, 1863, as Narendra Nath … Vivekananda became the ‘messenger of Indian wisdom’ to West

Villagers give up stone-throwing ritual at Buddhist site (TH) Indian villagers riot over ban on the stone-throwing festival. Indian villagers rioted after police tried to enforce a ban on a bizarre annual stone-throwing ritual which often leaves people dead or

GS2: Governance

Kerala luxury apartments razed using controlled blasts (TH) The court had even ensured the personal presence of Kerala Chief Secretary Tom Jose for

Explained: What are CRZ rules, which the demolished Maradu flats violated (IE) In India, the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Rules govern human and industrial

Lessons from Maradu (TH)The four high-rise luxury apartment complexes in Maradu municipality in Kochi, which violated Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) notifications

No ‘wordplay’ in health insurance policies: IRDAI (TH) Health insurance policy clauses, at least a clutch that is common, will soon be easier to comprehend,

Explained: NASA’s Artemis mission and the Indian American in its new astronaut cohort (IE) Explained: NASA’s Artemis mission and the Indian American in its new … Indian American Raja Chari is among 11 new astronauts who joined

Tripura HC says social media posting a fundamental right (TH) In a landmark order, the High Court of Tripura ordered the police to refrain from prosecuting a man who was earlier arrested over a social media post. Chief Justice Akil Kureshi also barred the police from making any further arrest in connection with the case. Daily News Prescription January 2020

CCI to get more teeth to regulate tech M&As (Mint)  Deal size is likely to become part of CCI’s criteria for vetting global M&As that have relevance to the Indian market

Matter of interpretation (TH) Overall crime rate in India in 2018 increased marginally since 2016

The warp and weft of religious liberty (TH) In expounding the scope and extent of freedom of religion, the Supreme Court faces a difficult question of balance.

Private property is a fundamental right, says SC (TH) Private property is a fundamental right: Supreme Court … then claim ownership of the land in the name of ‘adverse possession’, the court said

India’s under-5 girls face high mortality (TH) India’s under-5 mortality of girls exceeds that of boys, unlike global

GS3: Security

India amends rules for U.S. airlines (TH) In an effort to resolve a persistent concern of the U.S., India will make exceptions for American airlines on its ground handling regulations.

GS3: Environment

Rajasthan to get first biotech park soon (TH) Rajasthan will shortly get its first biotechnology park and an incubation center, for which a memorandum of understanding will be signed

Why are bushfires raging in Australia? (TH) The story so far: Australia’s bushfires have razed more than 10.3 million hectares (103,300 sq km) of land — roughly the size of South Korea

Species-rich forests offer stable carbon capture (TH) Teak, eucalyptus plantations had 43% and 55% less carbon storage than natural forests, respectively.

India should lead in the fight against multidrug-resistant pathogens (TH) India is already the major vaccine provider for children across the world. Daily News Prescription January

Kaziranga has one of the highest number of wetland birds (TH) Kaziranga, home of the world’s most one-horned rhinos, has 96 species of wetland birds — one of the highest for wildlife preserves in India.

Crocodile population on the rise in Odisha’s Ghodahada reservoir (TH) Twenty-one mugger crocodiles live in ten village ponds adjoining Ghodahada reservoir of Odisha’s Ganjam district that houses 44 of these reptiles.​

GS3: Science and Technology

LCA Navy variant successfully lands on INS Vikramaditya (TH) The Naval variant of the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)-Mk1 … LCA Navy did an arrested landing on INS Vikramaditya successfully

The Developmental Naval LCA Achieves Major Technological Milestone (PIB)  The Developmental Naval LCA Achieves Major Technological Milestone. The developmental LCA (N) MK1 achieved an important milestone. Daily News Prescription January 2020

New method better estimates melting of debris-covered Himalayan glaciers (TH) Their new method gives a better estimate of the glacier’s melting than existing ones

Explained: What is H9N2, which has infected Indian children? (IE) The child had fever, cough, breathlessness, and difficulty in feeding for two days after illness onset on January 31, 2019,

GS3: Infrastructure

Explained: The significance of the Kolkata port, renamed by PM Modi (IE) Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday (January 12) renamed the Kolkata Port Trust after Bharatiya Jana Sangh founder Dr. Syama Prasad. Daily News Prescription January

Daily News Prescription - MYUPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Solved Test Series

MYUPSC! Daily News Prescription – 9 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 9 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

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Current Affairs 9 January 2020

GS1: India’s freedom struggle

Explained: Who was Ashfaqullah Khan, why did the British hang him (IE) The Uttar Pradesh government has recently announced it will build…

Explained: What is Epiphany festival, who are the 3 kings celebrated on this day? (IE) In Goa, the celebration is known by its Portuguese name ‘Festa dos Reis’,

GS2: Governance

Cabinet nod for FDI in coal mining (TH) The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved an ordinance to amend two laws to ease mining rules, enabling foreign direct investment in coal sector.

Re-grassing is mandatory after mining, rules SC The Supreme Court has directed the Central Government to impose a … Mandatory Conditions For Re-Grassing Mining Area After Operations .

Revised norms for data-led probes (TH)  Revised norms for data-led probes. The Union Home Ministry has said that before seeking information about a person’s e-mail account ….

Explained: Voting at the GST Council (IE) The tradition of deciding by consensus has been broken, and the Council could now see voting on other issues as well. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

GS2: International Relations

Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space for Peaceful and Civilian Purposes (PIB) Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space for Peaceful…

Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Sweden on cooperation in Polar Science (PIB) Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Sweden on cooperation in Polar Science.

Cabinet approves ratification of Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement between India and France (PIB) Cabinet approves ratification of Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement between India and France.

Cabinet okays mobility pact with France to boost people-to-people contacts (Mint) The agreement had been signed between India and France

Press Brief on Operation Sankalp (PIB) Press Brief on Operation Sankalp. In the backdrop of the deteriorating security situation in the Gulf region, post attacks on merchant ships
 

GS3: Infrastructure

₹5,559 crore to set up northeast gas grid (TH) The 1,656-km North-East Natural Gas Pipeline Grid will connect Guwahati in Assam to major cities in the region

NITI Aayog proposes draft guidelines for private trains (Mint) Niti Aayog and Indian Railways have come out with a discussion paper for running 150 trains on 100 routes by private operators,

GS3: Economy

CCI Releases ‘Market Study on E-commerce in India: Key Findings and Observations’ (PIB) The Competition Commission of India (CCI) released a Report titled ‘Market Study on E-commerce in India

MHA issues Revised Guidelines for Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (PIB) The MHA has issued Revised Guidelines for Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters in December 2019

GS3: Science and Technology

Indian cobra genome decoded: how this knowledge can help fight snakebite (IE) Indian cobra genome decoded: how this knowledge can help fight

This word means Goldilocks zone (IE) Where a planet is just the right distance from its star to sustain liquid water — and possibly life.

‘World’s most efficient lithium-sulfur battery’ developed: How it works, why it matters (IE) Researchers have developed this new Li-S battery. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020 : Latest And Current Affairs

APSC Assam Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

APPSC Andhra Pradesh Yearbook 2020 : Current Affairs

Daily News Prescription 9 Jan2020

Daily Current Affairs 6-8 January 2020

Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.

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GS1: Indian Society

A case for including Tulu in the Eighth Schedule (TH) Placing all deserving languages on an equal footing will promote social inclusion and national solidarity

GS1: Art and Culture

Explained: What is the historical significance of Nankana Sahib in Pakistan? (IE) Gurdwara Janam Asthan (also called Nankana Sahib Gurdwara) is built over the site where Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, was believed to be born in 1469.

GS2: Social issues

Taking stock of infant deaths: in Rajasthan, Gujarat and the rest of India (IE) As outrage continues over the deaths of babies in J K Lon Hospital in Kota, Rajasthan, and in the civil hospital in Rajkot, Gujarat, the fact remains that India has the most child deaths in the world. In 2017, UNICEF estimated 8,02,000 babies had died in India.

US food labels will now display calories per serving and for entire product (DTE) Change in accordance with new FDA rules, intended to make consumers aware

GS2: Governance

Punctured cover: India’s crop insurance scheme loses sheen (DTE) Three years and seven crop seasons after it was rolled out, nobody seems to be happy with the Centre’s flagship farm insurance scheme, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana. While the number of farmers enrolling under the scheme has gone down, insurance companies too are pulling out of it.

4 Nirbhaya case convicts to be hanged on Jan. 22 (TH)  The convicts have 14 days to use their final legal options. They will be in separate cells, in solitary confinement, and will be allowed one last meeting with their families.

GS3: Economy

Simply Put | The nominal GDP worry (IE) The estimated growth of 7.53% in ‘nominal’ terms is the lowest since 1975-76. Also, this is the first time since 2002-03 that nominal GDP growth is projected to be in single digits. Why is this a major concern?

Government projects slower GDP growth (TH) 5% estimate in line with RBI forecast.

Productivity has big role in India’s $5 tn GDP dream (Mint) Mint explains the intricate relationship between total factor productivity (TFP) and growth

GS3: Science and Technology

Warning issued on reactions to epilepsy drug (TH) Aimed at ensuring safety of patients using Lamotrigine, prescribed for treating bipolar disorder and epilepsy, the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation

GS3: Environment

Solar power: In a slump India’s booming (DTE) Labels on any food packet in the United States (US) have begun to display calories per serving, in addition to those for the entire product from January 1, 2020, in accordance with the order of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

GS2: Governance

Govt appointing teachers in minority institutes valid: SC (ToI) such institutions cannot claim to have absolute right.

GS2: International Relations

Explained: The nuclear deal Iran has stepped away from; what happens next (IE) The E3 group of countries — Britain, France, and Germany — have called on Tehran to resume its commitments under the deal.

 Explained: What is Protecting Power? (IE) Following the killing of Iranian military and intelligence commander Major General Qassem Soleimani in Baghdad in a drone attack carried out by the United States on Friday, the Iranian government registered its protest with the Swiss Embassy in Tehran.

Explained: What is JUS COGENS? (IE) The jus cogens rules have been sanctioned by the Vienna Conventions on the Law of Treaties of 1969 and 1986. According to both Conventions, a treaty is void if it breaches jus cogens rules.

GS3: Agricultural issues

“Farmers Science Congress highlights the importance of farmer’s innovations (PIB) The Farmer’s Science Congress was inaugurated for the first time in the 107 years of history of the Indian Science Congress, highlighting the importance of farmer’s innovations and their scientific validity.

ICAR to set up innovation fund to help farmers (TH)” It will be used to scientifically validate, upscale and propagate innovations by farmers
 

GS3: Economy

Stressed urban cooperative banks to face PCA-like curbs (TH) RBI’s action includes cancellation of banking licence

AI & machine learning will contribute Usd 1 trillion to Indian economy by 2035; government committed to ensuring stable environment for investors and startups- Piyush Goyal (PIB)  The NSE Knowledge Hub will enhance skills and help academic institutions in preparing future-ready talent for the financial service industry. It is also available on mobile and attempts to bring together world class content and learners through this state- of- the- art and future- ready platform.
 

GS3: Environment

Climate change claimed 1,659 lives in 2019, the 7th warmest year on record (Mint) Heavy rain- and flood-related incidents took the maximum toll, a report says

1 million migratory birds counted at Odisha’s Chilika lake (DTE) A record 1,105,040 migratory birds belonging to 184 species have arrived in Odisha’s Chilika lake this year, the annual bird count conducted by the Chilika Wildlife Division on January 5, 2020, showed.

Bushfires have reshaped life on Earth before. They could do it again (DTE) Australia is one of only 17 ‘megadiverse’ countries, much of which is concentrated in areas torched by the current fires

Blaze down under (IE) In Australia’s bushfires lie warnings about the complex ways in which climate variables interact.

GS2: Governance

Government of India’s UJALA & Street Lighting National Programme Complete Five Successful years f Illuminating India (PIB)  SLNP is the world’s largest streetlight replacement programme and UJALA is the world’s largest domestic lighting project. Both have been spearheaded and implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of PSUs under the Ministry of Power, Government of India.

The double burden of malnutrition: the need for urgent policy action (TH) India has addressed the problem but more needs to be done

The tussle over Belagavi (TH) In 1957, slighted by the implementation of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Maharashtra demanded readjustment of its border with Karnataka.

171 hospitals de-listed from PM’s health scheme after fraud (TH) Private hospitals found doing procedures reserved for govt. units; fines worth ₹4.6 cr levied. Daily current affairs January 2020

GS2: International Relations

Spotting an opportunity in changing fundamentals (TH) Growing rivalry between the United States and China could spell a strategic moment for India 

Is West Asia headed for war? (TH) Iran has multiple options for retaliation. It can target U.S. troops in Iraq, either using mid-range rockets or ballistic missiles. Iran-backed proxies in the region, from Hezbollah in Lebanon to the PMF in Iraq and the Houthis in Yemen, can carry out attacks, targeting America’s allies and assets.

Why has the U.S. crippled the functioning of the WTO? (TH) Global trade disputes are complex and difficult to resolve. For proper enforcement of trade rules, a binding, two-stage dispute settlement system was established at the World Trade Organization in the 1990s
 

GS3: Environment

first-of-its-kind turtle rehab centre comes up in Bihar (DTE) A first-of-its-kind rehabilitation centre for freshwater turtles will be inaugurated in Bihar’s Bhagalpur forest division in January 2020. The rehab centre, spread over half a hectare, will be able to shelter 500 turtles at a time.

Delhi gets its first smog tower: What is it and how does it work? (IE) In China, a similar smog tower has been able to compress the carbon waste generated to produce gemstones.

Bhitarkanika census finds an increase of 15 saltwater crocodiles from last year (DTE) The population of the saltwater or estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) has increased in the water bodies of Odisha’s Bhitarkanika National Park and its nearby areas in Kendrapara district, with forest officials counting 1,757 individuals in this year’s annual reptile census on January 3, 2020. Daily current affairs January 2020

Kerala to take more cover under Miyawaki forests (TH) Afforestation concept to be used in govt. offices, schools and puramboke land

GS3: Science and Technology

How humans affect genetic connectivity of four mammals (TH) Four wide-ranging mammals — jungle cats, leopards, sloth bears and tigers — were studied in central India. daily Affairs January 2020

daily current affairs January 2020

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Daily Current Affairs News Analysis 31 December 2019

MYUPSC.COM Daily Current Affairs 31 December 2019 covered from The Hindu, Indian Express and PIB Daily News Analysis for UPSC IAS Prelims, Mains and Other State PSC Exams. MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.

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GS2: Governance

Supreme Court judgments recognise dissent as a ‘symbol of a vibrant democracy’ (TH) Justice Rao’s dissent was resurrected by a nine-judge Bench in the 2017 privacy judgment, which said “neither life nor liberty are bounties conferred by the State”.

“Kerala tops SDG index; Bihar at last rank (TH) Bihar, Jharkhand and Arunchal Pradesh are the worst performing states in this year’s Index for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

NITI Aayog Releases SDG India Index and Dashboard 2019 (PIB)” NITI Aayog today released the second edition of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) India Index, which comprehensively documents the progress made by India’s States and Union Territories towards achieving the 2030 SDG targets.

Guarantee Internet rights (TH) Access to Internet must be recognised as a fundamental right to free speech, basic freedoms and the right to life

GS3: Environment

“Overall green cover rises, but north-east records dip (TH) Sharpest decline in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Mizoram, says ISFR report.

Total Forest and Tree Cover rises to 24.56 percent of the total geographical area of the Country (PIB) Sharpest decline in Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and Mizoram, says ISFR report.

India’s forest cover goes up by nearly 3% this decade; but all is not well (DTE)” ‘Very dense forests’, which absorb maximum carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, increased by a mere 1.14 ?tween 2017 and 2019, according to the State of India’s forest Report 2019

GS3: Infrastructure

“Reforming the Indian railways – On the right track (ORF) For the past 3-4 years, Indian Railways’ finances have been under severe stress. This year witnessed an even steeper downward trend.

Railways look to AI for security solutions (TH)” National transporter plans to use facial-recognition software on CCTV cameras

GS3: Security

General Bipin Rawat named India’s first Chief of Defence Staff (IE) General Bipin Rawat, as the Chief of Defence Staff, will be the principal military adviser to the government.

Biometric enabled Centralised Access Control System (CACS) &Training Module of e-BCAS Covering 43 Airports of AAI and 5 Joint Venture airports at present, the CACS project is aimed to digitize the employee movement process at the airports.

GS3: Indian Economy
RBI buys ₹10,000 crore worth government securities via OMO (TH) Stricter norms for urban co-operative banks also proposed.

Some Other Important Notes

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian And World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Daily News Analysis, daily current affairs.

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

MYUPSC.COM – Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 covered from The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana and some useful government resources for UPSC IAS Prelims, Mains and Other State PSC Exams 2020. General Awareness/ Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 is very useful book for both objective and subjective papers. This Current Affairs/General Awareness Yearbook 2020 is Prepared by experts team of MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.

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General Awareness/Current Affairs Year Book 2020

Current Affairs Yearbook – 2020

Current Affairs / General Awareness 2020

Useful For UPSC, PSC & All Other Competitive Exams

“Education is the most powerful weapon which you can use to change the world.” – Nelson Mandela

Preface

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for UPSC, State PSC and all other competitive exams.

This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of India & World in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. Varied subjects covered are Geography, History, Art-Culture & Heritage, Polity & Administration,  Economy, Science & Technology and other trending topic related to current affairs of India & world in detailed for exams point of view. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book.

Wish you happy reading and best wishes for the examinations.

(Team MYUPSC.COM)

Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Current Affairs/General Knowledge has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of India. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like UPSC and State PSC Civil services Exams across the country. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams.

Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 consists of latest news/ information about India/ World based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the country. General Knowledge covers India/ World Panorama, Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, Technology, Ecology and Environment, Art & Culture, Sports, Healthcare, Communication, News & Media, Education & Career, IT & Computers.

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Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, UPSC and PSC exams and across the country.

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Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews; The General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive.

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Daily Current Affairs 28 December 2019

MYUPSC.COM Daily Current Affairs 28 December 2019 covered from The Hindu, Indian Express and PIB for UPSC IAS Prelims, Mains and Other State PSC Exams. MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.

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Tibetan Gazelles

Also known as the Goa (Procapra picticaudata).

A species of antelope that inhabits the Tibetan plateau.

IUCN Status- Near Threatened.

Their fur lacks an undercoat, consisting of long guard hairs only, and is notably thicker in winter.

They are almost restricted to the Chinese provinces of Gansu, Xinjiang, Tibet, Qinghai, and Sichuan, with tiny populations in the Ladakh and Sikkim regions of India.

Typhoon Phanfone

It is a typhoon that lashed the central Philippines recently.

It is known as Ursula in the local language in the Philippines.

A typhoon is a mature tropical cyclone that develops between 180° and 100°E in the Northern Hemisphere. This region is referred to as the Northwestern Pacific Basin, and is the most active tropical cyclone basin on Earth, accounting for almost one-third of the world’s annual tropical cyclones.

Nari Shakti Puraskar

To acknowledge Women’s achievements, the Government of India confers Nari Shakti Puraskars on eminent women and institutions in recognition of their service towards the cause of women empowerment.

The Awards were initiated in the year 1999.

The Ministry of Women and Child Development announces these national level awards for eminent women, organisations and institutions.

The Nari Shakti Puraskar carries a cash award of Rs.1 Lakh and a certificate for individuals and institutions.

Note: The remaining articles of today’s current events will be covered tomorrow.

Government proposes BS VI emission norms

The government has proposed to make BS VI emission norms mandatory for quadricycles from April 1, 2020, an official said. Currently, quadricycles are covered under Bharat Stage IV emission norms.

The BS VI emission norms are in line with European standards. Various testing, including those related to durability, would be as per Europe quadricycle norms, the official said.

Proposed emission limits in BS VI are in line with Euro 5 mass emission guidelines which will be applicable from January 1, 2020 in Europe, the official added.

Threshold limits for emission pollutants, conformity of production (CoP) frequency and sampling plan have been proposed.

The official said the government is soliciting comments and suggestion on the draft notification before finalising it.

GS2: Governance

MGNREGA trends: fewer jobs since July, wider demand-supply gap (TH) The gap between the number of households demanding MGNREGA work and the number who were provided work has been the highest in 2019-20. This indicates that even if demand fell, supply of work fell even more.

GS2: International Relations

Explained: Significance of Iran, China, Russia holding the joint naval drill in Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman (IE) Iran, China and Russia Friday began a joint naval exercise in the Indian Ocean and Gulf of Oman, in what is being seen as a response to recent US manoeuvers in the region

GS1: Modern Indian History

Explained: Who was Swami Shraddhanand, who fell to bullets in December 1926 (IE) On December 23, 1926, Arya Samaj missionary Swami Shraddhanand was assassinated by a man called Abdul Rashid.

GS3: Environment

Winged visitors flock to Pulicat, with birdwatchers in tow (TH) District authorities plan to conduct annual flamingo festival in first week of January

Ten zero-waste cities: How Seoul came to be among the best in recycling (DTE) Seoul, the capital of South Korea, has over 10 million people generating 9,189 tonnes of municipal solid waste per day. Nevertheless, it has one of the most rigorous waste recycling programmes in the world.

GS3: Defence and security

Decisive shift (TH) The Chief of Defence Staff could finally bring about unison among the armed forces.

GS3: Economy

Financial system stable despite slow growth (TH)

The country’s GDP slowed to a six-year low of 4.5% in the second quarter of FY20, forcing the RBI to slash its growth forecast.

Gross NPAs may rise to 9.9% by next Sept., says RBI report (TH) A Reserve Bank of India (RBI) report released on Friday showed that the worst may not be over for banks on the bad loan front as gross non-performing asset (GNPA) ratio of banks may increase to 9.9 per cent by September 2020 from 9.3 per cent in September 2019. The GNPA ratio of banks stood at 9.3 per cent in March 2019, the RBI said in its Financial Stability Report (FSR).

Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

India Yearbook 2020

Daily Current Affairs 27 December 2019

MYUPSC.COM Daily Current Affairs 27 December 2019 covered from The Hindu, Indian Express and PIB for UPSC IAS Prelims, Mains and Other State PSC Exams. MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.

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Jal Jeevan Mission

The Mission was announced in August 2019

The chief objective of the Mission is to provide piped water supply (Har Ghar Jal) to all rural and urban households by 2024.

It also aims to create local infrastructure for rainwater harvesting, groundwater recharge and management of household waste water for reuse in agriculture.

The Mission will converge with other Central and State Government Schemes to achieve its objectives of sustainable water supply management across the country.

Benefits of the mission:

Household pipeline water supply.

Clean and drinkable water.

Recharge of groundwater level.

Less water-borne diseases.

Less water wastage.

Need for and significance of the mission:

India has 16% of the world population, but only 4% of freshwater resources. Depleting groundwater level, over exploitation and deteriorating water quality, climate change, etc. are major challenges to provide potable drinking water.

Good Governance Index

Context: Latest edition of the ‘Good Governance Index’ has been launched on the occasion of ‘Good Governance Day’.

Background:

Good Governance Day is observed on the birth anniversary of former Prime Minister Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee (25th December). It was observed for the first time in 2014.

What is the Good Governance Index (GGI)?

It is a tool to assess the status of governance and the impact of various interventions taken up by the State Government and UTs.

The objectives of GGI are:

To provide quantifiable data to compare the state of governance in all states and UTs. To enable states and UTs to formulate and implement suitable strategies for improving governance.

Expert Panel for Oil & Gas Sector

Govt. constitutes expert panel for Oil & Gas sector disputes

With overhang of disputes choking investments in the oil and gas sector, the government has constituted an expert committee for time-bound resolution of exploration and production disputes.

India’s oil and gas sector has been plagued by disputes from cost recovery to production targets, and companies as well as the government have resorted to lengthy and costly arbitration followed by judicial review — a process that takes years to resolve differences.

The notification said the committee will arbitrate on a dispute between partners in a contract or with the government over commercial or production issues for oil and gas.

Last Solar eclipse of the decade witnessed

This was the last solar eclipse of the decade.

A partial solar eclipse was visible in India along with several other countries.

This was an annular solar eclipse that happens when the Moon covers the sun’s centre, leaving the sun’s visible outer edges to form a ‘ring of fire’ or annulus – around the moon.

Prime Minister NarendraModi watched the solar eclipse on the live stream.

Devotees took a holy dip in rivers and water pools across the country on the occasion of the solar eclipse.

Atal Bhujal Yojana

This is a groundwater management scheme

Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the pan-India scheme Atal Bhujal Yojana, to commemorate Atal Bihari Vajpayee on his 95th birth anniversary. The scheme will deal with the groundwater problem and will be implemented in 5 years. For the implementation of this scheme, the Government allocated Rs. 6000 crores. Of this total amount, Rs. 3000 crore will be provided by the World Bank and Rs 3000 crores will be given by the Central Government.

Eat Right Mela

Dr. Harsh Vardhan inaugurated the second edition of Eat Right Mela. Dr. Harsh Vardhan, Union Minister of Health & Family Welfare inaugurated the second edition of the Eat Right Mela at Jawahar Lal Nehru Stadium. The Eat Right Mela of FSSAI is a commendable effort and outreach activity for citizens towards eating right.

The rise of diet-related diseases suggests that people are eating less healthy food than they were eating a decade ago. In this context, the movement of ‘Eat Right India’ started by FSSAI is a timely initiative”.

FSSAI: Food Safety and Standards Authority of India

The PURPLE Book’

Union Minister launched ‘The PURPLE Book’ a handbook on diets for diseases. The book provides general guidelines for hospitals on suitable diets for common medical conditions such as diabetes, hypertension, cancer, gut disorders and so on in a simple format and has been developed and vetted by experts in the field of food and nutrition.

This book is available for free download on www.fssai.gov.in

Abhinav Lohan wins Bengaluru Open Golf Championship

Abhinav Lohan lifted PGTI title securing a narrow one-shot triumph at the Bengaluru Open golf championship. Lohan shot four-under 68 his four-day total to 13-under-275  with seven birdies. It was Lohan’s first title on the TATA Steel PGTI and his second win of the year emerged victorious at the PGTI Feeder Tour event in Lucknow.

Virat Kohli named in Wisden cricketers of the decade list

Indian captain Virat Kohli named in the Cricketers of the decade list along side four others by the Wisden Cricketers Almanac. South African duo of Dale Steyn and AB de Villiers, Australia’s Steve Smith and women’s all-rounder Ellyse Perry added in the list. Kohli scored 5,775 more international runs than anyone else in the last 10 years, has arguably been the best batsman over the last decade.

Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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RBI’S INFLATION TARGETING PROMOTES INDIA’S GROWTH?

RBI-Inflation-growth-India-economy-reasons.

RBI India inflation growth: Indian Economy is being through a slowdown, and in this scenario, the efficacy of RBI’s Inflation targeting process has come under criticism, stating it as a reason behind this slowdown.#RBI #Inflation #India

So, the process of inflation targeting and the benefits accrued due to it and the possible reasons (apprehensions) behind various criticisms and the way forward has been discussed in this article in brief.

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What is Inflation Targeting?

  • Inflation Targeting is a part of monetary policy framework wherein the Central Bank of a country focuses on maintaining the rate of Inflation within a targeted range.
  • It is believed that increasing prices in an economy create uncertainties in decision making, adversely affecting savings and encouraging speculative investments (such as buying Gold).  Inflation targeting brings in more predictability and transparency in deciding monetary policy.
  • Inflation targeting was first adopted by New Zealand and subsequently, a large number of countries including India have been following Inflation Targeting as their core element of monetary policy.
  • In case of India, the Inflation targeting was introduced through the Monetary Policy Framework Agreement signed between the RBI and Government in 2015. As per terms of the agreement, RBI’s primary objective would be to maintain price stability, while keeping in mind the objective of growth. The RBI is required to maintain rate of inflation of 4% with a deviation of 2% i.e. inflation has to be maintained between 2% to 6%.

Benefits of Inflation Targeting

1. Enhanced Transparency: The Inflation targeting explicitly states as to what would be the targeted rate of Inflation in an economy. Such explicitly mandated target brings in more clarity and predictability with respect to the rate of Inflation and monetary policy formulation.
2. Promote Growth: A high rate of inflation leads to decrease in the purchasing power of currency, reduces the savings and investment rate, increases the unemployment and leads to overall decrease in the GDP growth rate.  Further, high rate of inflation is accompanied by higher levels of Fiscal Deficit and Current Account Deficit leading to an adverse impact on the macro-economic stability of the country. Hence, low and moderate level of inflation would incentivise the investors to undertake the investment in the economy leading to the promotion of higher growth and development.
3. Autonomy and Accountability of RBI: As per the monetary policy framework agreement, the RBI has been given complete autonomy in maintaining the rate of inflation within the mandated targets. If the RBI fails to maintain the Inflation within the target, then it would be required to submit in writing, the reasons for its failure.

Such a provision enables the RBI to enjoy autonomy and at the same time, it enables the Government to have enhanced accountability over the actions of the RBI.

4. Empirical Evidence:  The Inflation targeting has been quite successful in some of the advanced economies such as UK, New Zealand etc. These advanced economies have been able to maintain moderate rate of inflation for a much longer time leading to increased macro-economic stability.

Problems and Challenges with Inflation Targeting

1. Disregards the Multi-faceted role of RBI: In a developing country like India, it is not practical for the central bank to focus exclusively on inflation without taking into account the larger development context. The RBI needs to balance between growth, price stability and financial stability.
2. No Clear link between Price Stability and Financial Stability: Prior to 2008, advanced economies were able to maintain moderate rate of inflation for a long term mainly due to adoption of Inflation Targeting. It was believed that Inflation targeting was responsible for overall macroeconomic stability of the country.
However, the 2008 Global Financial Crisis has clearly proved that price stability alone cannot lead to financial stability and the excessive focus of the Central banks on the price stability may lead to neglect of other crucial functions such as regulation leading to the economic crisis.

3. Empirical Evidence failing in India: The RBI has been able to maintain stable rate of Inflation within the mandated range since last 2-3 years. However, inspite of stable rate of Inflation, Indian economy is facing challenges on multiple fronts. The GDP growth rate has been reduced to 25 quarter low of 5% for the first quarter of financial year 2019-20.

The unemployment has increased to 45- year high of 6.1%. There has been contraction in the manufacturing activity as evident in declining IIP. The agriculture sector is staring at agrarian distress. All these clearly highlight that the Inflation targeting has failed to promote growth and development.

4. Poor Monetary Policy Transmission: The Inflation targeting is more suited to the developed economies since the monetary policy transmission in such economies is quite efficient. However, in case of India, the monetary policy transmission is quite inefficient and this can in turn reduce the effectiveness of Inflation Targeting.
5. Hinder GDP Growth: In order to contain Inflation, the RBI would be required to increase the rate of Interest by following the contractionary monetary policy. However, such a policy would lead to increase in the rate of interest on the loans leading to decrease in investment and consumption expenditure leading to decline in the GDP growth rates. For example, during 2013-2015, the higher interest rates in the country on account of higher rate of inflation had led to decrease in the GDP growth rates.
6. Does not address the Supply Side Inflation: The inflation in India may take place due to supply side bottlenecks such as increase in global crude oil prices, poor monsoon, floods etc. For instance, the recent increase in the prices of Tomato and Onions is mainly on account of supply side disruptions.
Under such circumstances, RBI would have limited role to play in easing the rate of inflation. Rather, the Government of India would be required to address these supply side disruptions in order to moderate the prices of such commodities.

Way Forward

  • Post-Global Financial crisis, the dominant view around the world is that flexible inflation targeting, rather than pure inflation targeting is more efficient for monetary policy formulation.
  • According to the Flexible inflation targeting, the major role of the Central Bank would depend on the prevailing rate of inflation in the country. If the rate of inflation is way off the target, the primary emphasis of the central Bank would be to bring the rate of inflation within an acceptable range.
  • On the other hand, if the rate of inflation is within the range, the central Bank should focus on its other core objectives. Thus, it is being said that the Central banks should focus on flexible inflation targeting rather than pure inflation targeting. Here pure inflation targeting means RBI solely concentrating on the inflation targeting at the cost of other major functions of it.
  • In this aspect, there is a need for greater debate around kind of Inflation targeting in India.

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GOVERNMENT PROCURED ONLY 3% OF OILSEEDS AND PULSES UNDER PM-AASHA

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GOVERNMENT PROCURED ONLY 3% OF OILSEEDS AND PULSES UNDER PM-AASHA

Why in News?

  • Data from Agriculture Ministry has indicated that only less than 3% of this season’s sanctioned amount of pulses and oilseeds have actually been procured so far under the once-hyped PM-AASHA scheme.

About PM-AASHA:

  • The PM-AASHA or Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan was announced with great fanfare in September 2018, as an effort to ensure that farmers growing pulses, oilseeds and copra actually get the minimum support prices they are promised for their crops each year.
  • Apart from initiatives to allow cash payment to farmers or procurement by private traders, PM-AASHA’s main feature was a price support scheme whereby Central agencies would procure pulses and oilseeds directly from farmers.
  • The three schemes that are part of AASHA are:
    • The Price Support Scheme (PSS)
    • The Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS)
    • The Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPPS)
  • PSS – Under the PSS, physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and copra will be done by Central Nodal Agencies.
  • Besides, NAFED and Food Cooperation of India will also take up procurement of crops under PSS.
  • The expenditure and losses due to procurement will be borne by the Centre.
  • PDPS – Under the PDPS, the Centre proposes to cover all oilseeds.
  • The difference between the MSP and actual selling/modal price will be directly paid into the farmer’s bank account.
  • Farmers who sell their crops in recognised mandis within the notified period can benefit from it.
  • PPSS – In the case of oilseeds, States will have the option to roll out PPSSs in select districts.
  • Under this, a private player can procure crops at MSP when market prices drop below MSP.
  • The private player will then be compensated through a service charge up to a maximum of 15% of the MSP.
  • The Centre had budgeted ₹15,053 crore over two years to implement the scheme apart from an additional government credit guarantee of ₹16,550 crore for agencies undertaking procurement.
  • It was launched as increasing MSP was not adequate and it is more important that farmers should get full benefit of the announced MSP.
  • Crops covered under the Scheme for this Season:
  • The main crops covered under the scheme this season are moong, urad, arhar, and groundnut and soya bean.
  • The late arrival of the monsoon means that harvests and crop arrivals also began slightly later than expected, especially for arhar or tur dal, so procurement is likely to continue, though tapering, until February.

Issues Associated with the MSP Scheme:

  • The scheme provides little to strengthen the procurement mechanism infrastructure in the country which largely only works for two crops – wheat and rice.
  • According to a survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in the 70th round in 2013, only 6% of farmers are able to sell their produce at MSP.
  • A 2017 study found that only 24% households were aware about the MSP of crops grown by them.
  • Further, the study found, although MSP is announced for the whole of India, the operation is limited only to few states where the designated government agencies procure the produce from farmers and except for crops like rice and wheat, quantity procured is very limited leading to low level of awareness.
  • According to a 2016 NITI Aayog evaluation report 79% farmers were dissatisfied with the MSP regime.
  • Some of the reasons for their dissatisfaction were delay in payments, lack of infrastructure at procurement centres, distance to procurement centres and delayed announcement of MSP rates.
  • NITI Aayog’s evaluation also found that there were several states where the procurement infrastructure facilities were ‘inadequate’.

What is the Current Issue regarding the PM-AASHA?

  • Procurement is still lagging badly in most States.
  • The highest sanctioned procurement is in Maharashtra, where 10 lakh tonnes of soya bean procurement were sanctioned, apart from 58,000 tonnes of moong and urad dal. However, barely 1,709 tonnes have been procured in the State so far, including just 14 tonnes of soya bean.
  • The highest procurement so far has taken place in Rajasthan, where more than 51,000 tonnes of moong and groundnut have been procured, against a total sanctioned amount of 9.6 lakh tonnes.
  • While almost 5 lakh tonnes had been sanctioned in Madhya Pradesh, and 1.18 lakh tonnes in Uttar Pradesh, procurement has not yet begun in either State.

MISSION FOR INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT OF HORTICULTURE (MIDH)

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MISSION FOR INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT OF HORTICULTURE (MIDH)

Why in News?

  • Information about the MIDH was provided by the Union Minister of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare in the Lok Sabha.

MIDH:

  • The MIDH is a centrally sponsored scheme for the holistic growth of the horticulture sector covering fruits, vegetables, root & tuber crops, mushrooms, spices, flowers, aromatic plants, coconut, cashew, cocoa and bamboo.
  • Under MIDH, the Government of India contributes 60% of the total outlay for developmental programmes in all the states except states in the North East and the Himalayas. 40% share is contributed by State Governments. In the case of North Eastern and Himalayan States, GOI contributes 90%.
  • MIDH also provides technical advice and administrative support to State Governments/State Horticulture Missions (SHMs) for the Saffron Mission and other horticulture-related activities like the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY).
  • The Mission was started in 2014.

Objectives of the MIDH:

  • To promote the holistic growth of horticulture sector, including coconut through area-based regionally differentiated strategies which include research, technology promotion, extension, post-harvest management, processing and marketing in consonance with comparative advantage of each State/region and its diverse agri-climatic features.
  • To encourage aggregation of farmers into farmer groups like FIGs/FPOs and FPCs to bring economy of scale and scope.
  • To enhance horticulture production.
  • To augment farmers’ income.
  • To strengthen nutritional security.
  • To improve productivity by way of quality germ-plasm, planting material and water use efficiency through micro-irrigation.
  • To support skill development and create employment generation opportunities for the rural youth in horticulture and post-harvest management, especially in the cold chain sector.

MIDH Sub-Schemes:

  • National Horticulture Mission (NHM)
  • Horticulture Mission for North East & Himalayan States (HMNEH)
  • National Horticulture Board (NHB)
  • Coconut Development Board (CDB)
  • Central Institute for Horticulture (CIH), Nagaland

Major interventions of MIDH:

  • Setting up of nurseries, tissue culture units for production of quality seed and planting material.
  • Area expansion i.e., the establishment of new orchards and gardens for fruits, vegetables, and flowers.
  • Rejuvenation of unproductive, old, and senile orchards.
  • Protected cultivation, i.e. poly-house, green-house, etc., to improve productivity & grow off-season high value vegetables and flowers.
  • Organic farming and certification.
  • Creation of water resources structures and watershed management.
  • Bee-keeping for pollination.
  • Horticulture mechanization.
  • Creation of post-harvest management and marketing infrastructure.

NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (NFSM) – OILSEEDS AND OIL PALM

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NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (NFSM) – OILSEEDS AND OIL PALM

Why in News?

  • The Government is implementing the National Food Security Mission (NFSM) – Oilseeds and Oil Palm to increase production of oilseeds and domestic availability of Edible Oils.

NFSM – Oilseeds and Oil Palm:

  • This scheme is under implementation in 29 States and has three subcomponents namely, Oilseeds, Oil palm and Tree Borne Oilseeds (TBOs).
  • The main objective is to increase oilseeds production & productivity and area expansion under oil palm & TBOs cultivation.

Objectives of NFSM:

  • Increasing the production of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals (maize and barley) and nutri-cereals through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the country.
  • Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level.
  • Enhancing farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence amongst the Farmers.

Oilseeds Agriculture in India:

  • India is one of the major oilseeds grower and importer of edible oils.
  • India’s vegetable oil economy is the world’s fourth-largest after USA, China & Brazil.
  • Oilseeds account for 13% of the Gross Cropped Area, 3% of the Gross National Product and 10% value of all agricultural commodities.
  • The diverse agro-ecological conditions in the country are favourable for growing 9 annual oilseed crops, which include 7 edible oilseeds (groundnut, rapeseed & mustard, soybean, sunflower, sesame, safflower and niger) and two non-edible oilseeds (castor and linseed).
  • Oilseeds cultivation is undertaken across the country in about 27 million hectares mainly on marginal lands, of which 72% is confined to rain-fed farming.
  • During the last few years, the domestic consumption of edible oils has increased substantially and has touched the level of 18.90 million tonnes in 2011-12 and is likely to increase further.
  • A substantial portion of our requirement of edible oil is met through import of palm oil from Indonesia and Malaysia.

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Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 

Former CJI wants cyber space as part of school curriculum

PM denies existence of detention camps in the country

Despite decline in GDP growth rate, FPI’s surge in 2019

India signs agreement with ADB to upgrade state roads

India, China to reach agreement on boundary question

Manuel Cruz appointed as Cuba’s first PM in 40 years

Mission Shat Pratishat

West African Nations Rename Common Currency- eco

Chilai-Kalan

Hunar Haat

Winter solstice 2019

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Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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Current Affairs Monthly – Free PDF December 2019

Current Affairs is an important section of UPSC Civil Services Examination, State PSC, Banking, SSC and Railways exams and aspirants who are preparing for the upcoming exams in 2020 must be well prepare with this section. The current affairs are made by our experts for all competitive exams UPSC Prelims Exam 2020, State PSC, SSC, IAS, Railway-RRB, RPSC, UPPSC, UKPSC, TNPSC, MPPSC & Other State Government Exams and latest Current Affairs 2019-20 for banking exams SBI PO Clerk, IBPS PO Clerk, RBI, RRB and more. Keep reading current affairs and GK facts updated on a daily & monthly basis. Stay aware about the recent happenings in the country and across the globe and equip your preparation for upcoming govt. exams 2020.

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Central government aims to achieve 100 Hunar Haats in 5 years

India claims to be top performer in Paris agreement

Centre plans to increase global trade by 8-10%

IMF says Indian economy less likely to see recovery soon

India holds meeting with stakeholders on implementation of Chabahar agreement

Ethiopia launches its first satellite

Study finds transmission of chicken pox virus from mother to child

Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP)

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Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 – Government’s Clarification on CAA

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Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 (CAA) passed by the Indian Parliament has resulted in nationwide protests as many felt the new provisions added by the Central Government are discriminatory in nature.

The Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 is connected with illegal migrants who came to India before 31-12-2014.

The new amendments are intended to help illegal migrants from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh get an opportunity to apply for Indian citizenship if they belong to Hindu, Christian, Sikh, Jain, Parsi or Buddhist religious beliefs. Muslims are not listed.

Citizenship Amendment Act 2019: Why are people opposing it?

Those who oppose the CAA feel that the new provisions are against the principles and secular foundations of Indian Constitution, and hence ethically wrong. There are also apprehensions in some sections that the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019, followed by the National Register of Citizens (NRC) is to alter the voters’ profile in favour of the ruling party.

Natives of north-east India, who are most affected by the problems of illegal migration, are against the whole idea of giving citizenship to illegal migrants, irrespective of their religion

Government’s Clarification on Citizenship Amendment Act 2019

To bring more clarity about the stand of the Central Government, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has released the clarification of the government on the issue. The questions and answers published by the Press Information Bureau (PIB) are reproduced below.

Does the CAA affect any Indian citizen?

No, it has absolutely nothing to do with any Indian citizen in any way. The Indian citizens enjoy fundamental rights conferred on them by the Constitution of India. No statute, including the CAA, can abridge or take them away. There has been a misinformation campaign. The CAA does not affect any Indian citizens, including Muslim citizens.

Who does the CAA apply to?

It is relevant only for Hindu, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist, Parsi and Christian foreigners, who have migrated from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan into India up to 31.12.2014, on account of persecution faced by them due to their religion. It does not apply to any other foreigners, including Muslims migrating to India from any country, including these three countries.

How does it benefit Hindu, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist, Parsi and Christian foreigners hailing from these three countries?

If their travel documents like passport and visa are not in order or are not available, they can apply for Indian citizenship if they were persecuted back home. The CAA creates this legal right for such migrants. Secondly, they get a faster route for Indian citizenship through the Naturalisation Mode. The minimum residency requirement in India would be only 1+5 years instead of 1+11 years as applicable for all other categories of foreigners.

Does this mean that Muslims from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan can never get Indian citizenship?

No, the present legal process of acquiring Indian citizenship by any foreigner of any category through Naturalization (Section 6 of the Citizenship Act) or through Registration (Section 5 of the Act) stays operational. The CAA does not amend or alter it in any manner whatsoever. Hundreds of Muslims migrating from these three countries have been granted Indian citizenship during the last few years. If found eligible, all such future migrants shall also get Indian citizenship, irrespective of their numbers or religion.

In 2014, after the settlement of Indo-Bangladesh boundary issues, 14,864 Bangladeshi citizens were given Indian Citizenship when their enclaves were incorporated into the territory of India. Thousands of these foreigners were Muslims.

Will illegal Muslim immigrants from these three countries be deported under the CAA?

No, the CAA has absolutely nothing to do with the deportation of any foreigner from India. The deportation process of any foreigner irrespective of his religion or country is implemented as per the mandate of the Foreigners Act, 1946 and/or The Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920. These two laws govern entry, stay movement within India and exit from India of all foreigners irrespective of their religion or country.

Therefore, the usual deportation process would apply to any illegal foreigner staying in India. It is a well-considered judicial process that is based on a proper inquiry by the local police or administrative authorities to detect an illegal foreigner. It is ensured that such an illegal foreigner has been issued a proper travel document by the embassy of his country so that he can be duly received by officials of his country when he is deported.

In Assam, the process of deportation happens only after the determination of such a person as a “foreigner” under The Foreigners Act, 1946. Then he becomes liable for deportation. Therefore, there is nothing automatic, mechanical or discriminatory in this

Exercise. The state governments and their district-level authorities enjoy the power of Central Govt. under Section 3 of the Foreigners Act and Section 5 of The Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 to detect, detain & deport any illegal foreigner.

Can Hindus facing persecution on grounds of religion in countries other than these 3 countries apply under the CAA?

No, they will have to apply through the usual process to get Indian Citizenship just like any other foreigner for either registration or naturalization as a citizen of India. They would get no preference under The Citizenship Act, 1955, even after the CAA.

Does the CAA also cover other forms of persecution – on grounds of race, gender, membership of a political or social group, language, ethnicity etc.?

No, the CAA is a very focused law that deals specifically with foreigners of six minority community groups hailing from three neighbouring countries that have their distinct state religion. Any foreigner persecuted abroad on any account may apply for registration or naturalization as a citizen of India like any other foreigner if he fulfils the minimum qualifications laid down in The Citizenship Act, 1955.

The CAA will gradually exclude Indian Muslims from the citizenship of India?

The CAA does not apply to any Indian citizen at all. All Indian citizens enjoy the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution of India. CAA is not meant to deprive any Indian citizen of his citizenship. Rather it is a special law to enable certain foreigners facing a particular situation in three neighbouring countries to get Indian citizenship.

CAA will be followed by NRC and all migrants except Muslims will be given citizenship and Muslims will be sent to detention camps?

The CAA has nothing to do with NRC. The legal provisions regarding NRC have been part of The Citizenship Act, 1955 since December 2004. Also, there are specific statutory rules of 2003 to operationalise these legal provisions. They govern the process of registration of Indian citizens and the issuance of national identity cards to them. These legal provisions have been on the statute books since the last 15-16 years. The CAA has not altered them in any way whatsoever.

What are the rules for citizenship under CAA?

Appropriate rules under the CAA are being framed. They will operationalise various provisions of the CAA.

CAA – Myths and Facts in Perspective of North-East (Government’s Release)

Government of India has also released (PIB) Myth Busters in connection with CAA and North-East India.

MYUPSC! Daily Current Affairs 18 December 2019

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New definition of kilogram

What is Trakea?

Wi-Fi Calling

ISRO’s PSLV helps increase forex by 90 crores this fiscal

India’s UNMISS wins prestigious medal

India donates solar powered lamps to Palestine

Centre approve changes in MSME interest subvention guidelines

VP asks mining industries not to compromise of worker’s safety

Project Dolphin

Finance ministry assures payment of GST compensation to states

PM assures citizenship act not to affect Indian citizens

What is Strand Hogg?

MYUPSC Daily Current Affairs 15 December 2019

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Current Affairs 15 December 2019

IMD issues red alert as heavy rain lashes across north India

Lok Sabha adjourned sine die

Centre releases economic census foe New Delhi

Finance ministry assures addressing of problems of industries

India reiterates commitment for strong and peaceful Maldives

U.S and China agree upon tariff concession and structural reforms

FSSAI to develop app to prevent food wastage

Disha Bill

New definition of kilogram

What is Trakea?

Wi-Fi Calling

Daily Current Affairs 08 December 2019

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VP expresses concern over crimes against women

NGT directs for 100% treatment of sewage entering rivers

Govt. to rework findings of household consumer expenditure

States demand GST compensation from centre

PM meets Mauritian counterpart to expand cooperation

OPEC decides to cut oil production

India to outreach towards arctic region for mineral explorations

Asian Elephant Specialist Group (AsESG)

Odisha’s Kalia to be merged with PM- KISAN

Head on Generation (HOG) technology

Neutrino Project

Adaptation fund

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Govt. to implement portability of NFSA benefits

Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Ram Vilas Paswan today said the Government has begun implementing nation-wide portability of the benefits under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013.

He was speaking during the Question Hour in the Lok Sabha today. Mr Paswan said eligible households or beneficiaries covered under NFSA would be able to lift their entitled food grains from any Fair Price Shop, FPS, in the country.

This would be possible by using the same ration card after biometric or Aadhaar authentication on Electronic Point of Sale, EPoS, and device at an FPS of Destination/Sale State through ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ Plan.

The Minister reiterated that the facility of inter-State portability under this initiative would be available only through FPSs, having fully online ePoS devices.

The system would largely benefit numerous migratory beneficiaries such as labourers, daily wagers and blue-collar workers who frequently change their place of dwelling in search of employment or for other reasons, across the country.

Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana

Context: In line with the provisions of National Policy for Farmers (NPF) (2007), the Department of Rural Development, Ministry of Rural Development is implementing a programme exclusively for women farmers namely, Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP).

Funding support to the tune of up to 60% (90% for North Eastern States) for such projects is provided by the Government of India.

About Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana:

It is a sub component of the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-NRLM (DAY-NRLM).

It seeks to improve the present status of women in Agriculture, and to enhance the opportunities available to empower her.

MKSP recognizes the identity of “Mahila” as “Kisan” and strives to build the capacity of women in the domain of agro-ecologically sustainable practices.

Objectives and significance:

The focus of MKSP is on capacitating smallholders to adopt sustainable climate resilient agro-ecology and eventually create a pool of skilled community professionals.

Its objective is to strengthen smallholder agriculture through promotion of sustainable agriculture practices such as Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture (CMSA), Non Pesticide Management (NPM), Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF), Pashu-Sakhi model for doorstep animal care services, Sustainable regeneration and harvesting of Non-Timber Forest Produce.

Need for feminization of agriculture:

Rural women form the most productive work force in the economy of majority of the developing nations including India.

More than 80% of rural women are engaged in agriculture activities for their livelihoods.

About 20 per cent of farm livelihoods are female headed due to widowhood, desertion, or male emigration.

Agriculture support system in India strengthens the exclusion of women from their entitlements as agriculture workers and cultivators.

Most of the women-headed households are not able to access extension services, farmers support institutions and production assets like seed, water, credit, subsidy etc. As agricultural workers, women are paid lower wage than men.

Centre to provide assistance to intensify use of buckwheat

Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar today said that to intensify the use of buckwheat, ICAR-All India Co-ordinated Research Network on potential crops has developed nutritionally rich five varieties.

He said they are promoted by ICAR and respective State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) through front line demonstrations, trainings and kisan melas.

In a written reply in the LokSabha today, the Agriculture Minister said Buckwheat is grown in the Hilly regions of Northern and Northeastern states including in the Nilgiris & Palani Hills, in an estimated area of 25,800 hectares.

Mr. Tomar said, to encourage farmers to grow buckwheat, Government is providing assistance through programmes like Paramparagat KrishiVikasYojana (PKVY) and Mission on Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region.

Rotavirus

Rota-virus-complete-detail

Vice- President has launched the new rotavirus vaccine – ROTAVAC5D.

The vaccine has been designed and developed by Bharat Biotech.

About Rotavirus:

It is a genus of double-stranded RNA virus in the Reoviridae family.

Rotavirus is a leading cause of severe diarrhoea and death among children less than five years of age.

It is responsible for around 10% of total child mortality every year.

Rotavirus-Signs and Symptoms:

Kids with a rotavirus infection have fever, nausea, and vomiting, often followed by abdominal cramps and frequent, watery diarrhea.

Kids may also have a cough and runny nose.

Sometimes the diarrhea that accompanies a rotavirus infection is so severe that it can quickly lead to dehydration.

As with all viruses, though, some rotavirus infections cause few or no symptoms, especially in adults.

Transmission:

Rotavirus is transmitted by the faecal-oral route, via contact with contaminated hands, surfaces and objects, and possibly by the respiratory route. Viral diarrhea is highly contagious.

Background:

Out of all the causes of diarrhoea, rotavirus is a leading cause of diarrhoea in children less than 5 years of age. Rotavirus diarrhoea presents in similar manner like any other diarrhoea but can mainly be prevented through rotavirus vaccination. Other diarrhoea can be prevented through general measures like good hygiene, frequent hand washing, safe water and safe food consumption, exclusive breastfeeding and vitamin A supplementation.

Centre not to stop circulation of high denomination notes

The Government today clarified that it is not contemplating to stop the circulation of two thousand rupee notes.

In a written reply in the RajyaSabha today, Minister of State for Finance, Anurag Thakur said there is no such proposal under consideration. He also said that a declining trend is visible in the seizure of unaccounted cash in the denomination of two thousand rupee notes.

The Minister said in the year 2017-18, around 68 per cent of unaccounted cash was seized in the denomination of two thousand rupees, while in the year 2018-19, it was around 66 percent. In the current financial year, over 43 per cent of unaccounted cash was seized in the denomination of two thousand rupees.

The Minister said as on March this year, over 31 per cent of total notes in circulation are of two thousand rupees.

“Top 100 City Destination” ranking

Released by Euro monitor International, a UK-based global market research company

The Euro monitor report highlights top 100 cities based on 2018 international arrivals. An arrival encompasses all purposes of visit such as business, leisure and visiting friends and relatives.

Key findings:

India has emerged as the strongest emerging destination with seven cities in the top 100 popular cities this year.

Delhi is forecast to be hold the 8th place in 2019.

Despite political unrest and protests in the last few months, Hong Kong remained No.1 destination this year. However, the number of visitors arriving to Hong Kong declined in 2019.

Asia posted fastest growth in the number of international arrivals globally.

Developed infrastructure, government’s focus on tourism and digitization of travel facilities like e-visa are some of the reasons behind Asian countries’ popularity among global tourists.

Prithvi-II missile

  • It is a surface-to-surface tactical missile with a strike range of 350 km.
  • It is developed by DRDO under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).
  • It is capable of carrying 500 to 1,000 kg of warheads, both conventional as well as nuclear.
  • The state-of-the-art missile is powered by liquid propulsion twin engines.
  • It uses an advanced inertial guidance system with maneuvering orbit to hit its target.
  • It was inducted into Armour of the defence forces in 2003.

TRAI implements new mobile number portability rules

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has revamped mobile number portability (MNP) rules, making the entire process faster and simpler. The TRAI has prescribed three working days timeline for port out requests within a service area.

Similarly, timeline of five working days has been prescribed for requests for port out from one circle to another. The new rules will come into effect from December 16.

Validity of the Unique Porting Code (UPC) has also been brought down to four days instead of a fortnight earlier. It will be applicable to all circles except Jammu & Kashmir, Assam and North East, where the validity of the said code remains unchanged to 30 days.

The MNP request under the present rule will be processed till December 9 and the service will not be available between December 10 and December 15 as entities involved in the process will be migrating their systems to implement new rules.

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Parliament to discuss on crimes against women

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on Monday said the government is ready for a discussion in LokSabha on the issue of crime against women and willing to explore stringent provisions in laws to check incidents like the Hyderabad rape and murder case.

Responding to a discussion during Zero Hour in the wake of the rape and murder of a veterinarian in Hyderabad, Singh said he was falling short of words to condemn the heinous crime.

As soon as the House met for the day, Speaker Om Birla said he would allow members to raise the “serious issue” in Zero Hour.

Uttam Kumar Reddy (Cong) raised the issue of the rape and murder of the 26-year-old veterinarian and slammed the Telangana Home Minister for his purported “insensitive” remarks.

He also slammed the state police for initially delaying to lodge a case.T R Baalu (DMK) raised the issue of sexual assault of a school girl in Coimbatore.Saugat Roy (TMC) said rape convicts should be hanged.

PinakiMisra (BJD) questioned the delay in executing the death sentence awarded to convicts in the “Nirbhaya” gang-rape case.He said laws and establishment on fast track courts will not make a differences till the time the death sentences are not executed.

On November 29, four men, aged between 20 and 24, were arrested on charges of raping and killing the young woman veterinarian in Hyderabad.

Inner Line Permit (ILP)

Simply put, an Inner Line Permit is a document that allows an Indian citizen to visit or stay in a state that is protected under the ILP system.

Context: Union Home Minister Amit Shah has assured the civil society groups that the Citizenship Bill would provide protection to such regions and states where the Inner Line Permit (ILP) is applicable, and autonomous administration has been granted under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill aims to make it easier for non-Muslim refugees from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan to obtain Indian citizenship.

  • If it is implemented with provisions for excluding from its ambit the states under the ILP regime, it means that beneficiaries under CAB will become Indian citizens but will not be able to settle in these three states.
  • As a matter of fact, the same restriction applies to existing Indian citizens.

Now, on these lines, even Assam, Tripura and Meghalaya are demanding the implementation of ILP system.

The ILP is obligatory for all those who reside outside the protected states;

  • Currently, the Inner Line Permit is operational in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.
  • It can be issued for travel purposes solely.
  • An ILP is issued by the state government concerned.

Origin of ILP:

ILP’s origin dates back to the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations, 1873- It prohibited “British subjects” or Indians from entering into these protected areas.

After Independence, in 1950, the word “British subjects” was replaced by Citizens of India and the focus of the ban on free movement was explained as a bid to protect tribal cultures in northeastern India.

Nationwide vaccination to be conducted under Mission Indradhanush 2.0

Centre is launching nationwide vaccination drive to prevent eight diseases under Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 across the country today.

The government’s flagship scheme is aimed at immunizing children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women against eight vaccine preventable diseases.

The IMI covers vaccines for diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B. Vaccines for Japanese encephalitis and hemophilus influenza are also being provided in selected areas.

The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts spread over 27 States. The IMI 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.

The campaign will be carried out in 260 development blocks of 43 districts of the state including the capital Bhopal and Indore. In addition , the mission will be running in four-phases in state. Children will be vaccinated under the National Mission Indradhanush in the months in January , February and March next year.

Public Health and Family Welfare Minister Tulsiram inaugurated this campaign in Indore district. The Project Officers of the District Urban Development Agency has been made the nodal officer for the successful operation of the mission.

Australia’s points-based visa policy

Context: In what is seen as an effort to block entry to unskilled people, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has promised to introduce an Australian style points-based visa policy from January 1, 2021.

Generally, for visas that are points-tested, points may be given for different categories ranging from age to proficiency in English and amount of work experience. To be granted such visas, the individual’s score must reach a cutoff fixed by the authorities.

For workers with an “eligible skilled occupation” there are 10 categories of visas available. Applications are tested with points awarded in various categories. One of these is “Skilled Independent Visa”.

  • A migrant with this visa can live and work permanently anywhere in Australia, study in Australia, sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence and if eligible, enroll in Australia’s health-care system and subject to eligibility, also become an Australian citizen.

Some of the skilled jobs that come under the ambit of the skilled migration program include: accountant, actor, aeronautical engineer, advertising manager, air conditioning and mechanical services plumber, author, baker, swimming coach, urologist and vegetable grower.

What are the advantages of points systems? 

The ability to qualify without an employer sponsor- workers entering under the Australian points system are less dependent on their employers and do not need permission to switch between jobs as they do in the UK; as a result, they are expected to have more bargaining power and to operate in a more competitive labour market.

Steel imports have increased over a period of 5 years ,claims govt.

Government today said import of steel has increased during the last few years.

Replying to questions in the LokSabha, Steel Minister DharmendraPradhan, however, said domestic production has consistently increased regardless of such imports. Mr Pradhan said, in the current year, country is a net exporter.

He said, to counter import of cheap steel, anti-dumping duties have been imposed on various grades of steel which were dumped into the country.

Mr Pradhan further said, import of steel grades which are not manufactured in adequate quantity in the country is essential for supporting manufacturing sector.

The Minister informed the House that the total number of steel plants in the country is 977. He said, work is currently going on in NMDC steel plant in Nagarnar, Chattisgarh, which is a Greenfield project.

In reply to another question, the Minister said, the production of iron ore in the country is sufficient to meet the current demand by domestic steel industry. Mr Pradhan said, the supply of iron ore during last year 2018-19 was 207 metric tonne against its demand of 189 metric tonne.

Centre plans listing of single-use plastics

The Centre is likely to identify as many as eight articles as ‘single-use plastic’ items that will be discontinued on a priority basis, including plastic cutlery, plastic bags and certain Styrofoam items.

Defining single-use plastic is the first step in the direction of doing away with such products in India by 2022, as called for by Prime Minister NarendraModi during his Independence Day address.

While many states have banned plastic, there are wide variations in implementation and the range of products covered.After consulting stakeholders, the environment ministry is close to announcing a clear and uniform definition of single-use plastic.

The idea is to completely phase out single-use plastic where it is replaceable with environment friendly alternatives and to bring in a robust segregation, collection and disposal mechanism for single-use plastic.

The ministry wrote to the states in September asking them to curb production of plastic bags, irrespective of thickness and size, and Styrofoam (thermocol) cutlery and to encourage manufacturers and consumers to shift to other environmentally friendly material.

Every village will be asked to start waste segregation. They will send plastic waste to block-level units that will convert the aggregated waste into bales, shred them and transport them to aggregators for recycling to build in a sustainable mechanism.

India –Sweden to expand cooperation at delegation level talks

Prime Minister NarendraModi held delegation level talks with King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden at Hyderabad House in New Delhi today.

The meeting is aimed at giving a boost to bilateral co-operation in various sectors. Several agreements are expected to be signed between the two countries.

King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia arrived on a state visit to India this morning at the invitation of President Ram NathKovind. They were given a ceremonial welcome at RashtrapatiBhawan. This is His Majesty’s third visit to India. The King will meet President Ram NathKovind this evening.

Earlier, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar called on the King and Queen after their arrival and held discussions on ways to deepen bilateral ties.

Apart from the official programme in Delhi, the royal couple is scheduled to visit Mumbai and Uttarakhand. Several documents on furthering bilateral engagement are likely to be signed during the five day visit.

UN chief urges to improve efforts to counter climate change

United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres has said that the world’s efforts to stop climate change have been utterly inadequate so far.

There is a danger global warming could pass the point of no return. He was speaking before the start of a International Climate Conference in Madrid scheduled for today.

The U.N. Chief noted that the world has the scientific knowledge and the technical means to limit global warming, but the political will is lacking.

Mr Guterres said, he hoped the meeting in Madrid would see governments make more ambitious pledges ahead of a deadline to do so next year.

Delegates from almost 200 countries will try to put the finishing touches on the rules governing the 2015 Paris climate accord at the two-week meeting.

Govt. considering satellite mechanisms to monitor forestation

A satellite-based mechanism to monitor areas under green cover and the growth of saplings planted there is being developed by the government, Union Environment Minister PrakashJavadekar said on Saturday. The Environment minister said some states have made significant achievements in nurturing planted saplings to their full growth.

The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) funds to the tune of Rs 47,000 crore will be utilised for greening India, he said after a meeting with the forest ministers and officials of various states.

The minister said “very positive discussions” on issues like the use of CAMPA fund for forestation, water conservation, fodder augmentation and moisture management in the forests, besides the eradication of Lantana weed were held in the meeting.

In August this year, the Environment minister handed over Rs 47,436 crore of CAMPA funds to various states for the promotion of afforestation and achieving green objective of the country.

In the wake of under-utilisation of money for compensatory afforestation, the Supreme Court in 2001 had ordered for coming up with CAMPA fund.

In 2009, the Supreme Court permitted release of Rs 1,000 crore every year to the states and Union territories for compensatory afforestation and other activities.

Jnanpith Award

Context: Eminent Malayalam poet Akkitham has been chosen for 55th Jnanpith Award for the year 2019, Instituted in 1961.

Eligibility: Any Indian citizen who writes in any of the official languages of India is eligible for the honour.

Operation ‘Clean Art’

It is first pan India operation to crackdown on the smuggling of mongoose hair. Conceived by WCCB

Aim: To ensure that the mongoose hair brush trade should be closed down across the country.

Protection: Mongoose is listed in Schedule II Part 2 of the Wildlife Protection Act. Any smuggling or possession of its body part is a non-bailable offence.

Gurpreetsingh and Sunil Kumar wins national wrestling championships

In wrestling, Asian Championships silver medallists Gurpreet Singh and Sunil Kumar clinched gold medals on the final day of the senior national championships in Jalandhar yesterday.

Gurpreet defeated two-time world junior championships medallist SajanBhanwal, who was representing the Railways, by a 3-1 margin, in the 77 kilogram category. This was Punjab grappler’s fourth senior national title.

Sunil also managed an easy win over Punjab’s Prabhal. The Railway’s grappler used all his experience to crush the Punjab wrestler 5-1 in the 87 kg final. In the 55 kg category, Arjun, representing Services, won against Ajay by technical superiority.

Source: The Hindu/Indian Express/Times of India/PIB

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ISRO Successfully Launches Earth Imaging Satellite Cartosat-3 and 13 Other Nano Satellites

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PSLV-C47 / Cartosat-3 Mission

India’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C47 will launch Cartosat-3 and 13 commercial nanosatellites into Sun Synchronous orbit from Satish Dhawan Space Centre (SDSC) SHAR, Sriharikota. The space agency has planned for the launch of CARTOSAT-3 satellite, ninth in the series, from the second launch pad at spaceport of Sriharikota, about 120 kms from here on November 27 at 09.28 am.

PSLV-C47 is the 21st flight of PSLV in ‘XL’ configuration (with 6 solid strap-on motors). This will be the 74th launch vehicle mission from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota.

Cartosat-3 satellite is a third generation agile advanced satellite having high resolution imaging capability.  The satellite will be placed in an orbit of 509 km at an inclination of 97.5 degree.

PSLV-C47 will also carry 13 commercial nanosatellites from United States of America as part of commercial arrangement with New Space India Limited (NSIL), Department of Space.

About ISRO

India decided to go to space when Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) was set up by the Government of India in 1962. With the visionary Dr Vikram Sarabhai at its helm, INCOSPAR set up the Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) in Thiruvananthapuram for upper atmospheric research.

Indian Space Research Organisation, formed in 1969, superseded the erstwhile INCOSPAR. Vikram Sarabhai, having identified the role and importance of space technology in a Nation’s development, provided ISRO the necessary direction to function as an agent of development. ISRO then embarked on its mission to provide the Nation space based services and to develop the technologies to achieve the same independently.

Throughout the years, ISRO has upheld its mission of bringing space to the service of the common man, to the service of the Nation. In the process, it has become one of the six largest space agencies in the world. ISRO maintains one of the largest fleet of communication satellites (INSAT) and remote sensing (IRS) satellites, that cater to the ever growing demand for fast and reliable communication and earth observation respectively. ISRO develops and delivers application specific satellite products and tools to the Nation: broadcasts, communications, weather forecasts, disaster management tools, Geographic Information Systems, cartography, navigation, telemedicine, dedicated distance education satellites being some of them.

To achieve complete self reliance in terms of these applications, it was essential to develop cost efficient and reliable launch systems, which took shape in the form of the Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV). The famed PSLV went on to become a favoured carrier for satellites of various countries due to its reliability and cost efficiency, promoting unprecedented international collaboration. The Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle (GSLV) was developed keeping in mind the heavier and more demanding geosynchronous communication satellites.

Apart from technological capability, ISRO has also contributed to science and science education in the country. Various dedicated research centres and autonomous institutions for remote sensing, astronomy and astrophysics, atmospheric sciences and space sciences in general function under the aegis of Department of Space. ISRO’s own Lunar and interplanetary missions along with other scientific projects encourage and promote science education, apart from providing valuable data to the scientific community which in turn enriches science.

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Current Affairs Half Yearly July-December for Civil Services Examination 2020

Current Affairs Half Yearly Study Notes for UPSC IAS & State PSC Preliminary Examination 2020. We have covered current affairs from July – December 2019 for competitive exams only.

Topic Covered: Current Affairs trending topics in detail from the following subjects.

1. Geography of India and World

2. History of India and World

3. Polity and Governance

4. Science and Technology

5. Economy of India

6. Art and Culture

7. Environment and Ecology

This is must read book for Civil Services Preliminary Exam – 2020

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Content

  1. Article 142, Invoked by Supreme Court
  2. Contributions of Homi J. Bhabha
  3. Cyclone Bulbul
  4. Climate change is already damaging health of children, says Lancet report
  5. Global Population Summit in Nairobi
  6. Emperor Penguins would be extinct if climate goals are not met
  7. How successful is cloud seeding technology?
  8. Merging Assam Rifles with ITBP
  9. Kalapani, a small area on the India map that bothers Nepal
  10. Suranga Bawadi on World Monument Watch list
  11. Wifi Access Network Interface (WANI)
  12. OECD tax proposal (BEPS 2.0)
  13. Falling Index of Industrial Production
  14. National grid of ports
  15. Code of Conduct for MPs and MLAs
  16. National Register of Citizens (NRC)
  17. EPFO to restore commutation of pension
  18. Oxytocin Ban
  19. SEBI’s norms for FPIs
  20. Sabka Vishwas Scheme
  21. Money Laundering in India
  22. Press Council of India
  23. WorldSkills Kazan
  24. ‘Angikaar campaign’
  25. child well-being index
  26. Desertification
  27. 18 endangered sharks and rays afforded protection
  28. Gravitational Lensing
  29. Great Barrier Reef
  30. Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OALP)
  31. RBI annual report
  32. Food fortification
  33. Security cover of VIPs
  34. Water management practices dismal in states: Niti Aayog
  35. WorldSkills Kazan
  36. Government releases Rs 47,436 crore funds for afforestation
  37. Antibiotic resistance
  38. 14th Conference of Parties (COP14) to the UN Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and report on Soil Organic Carbon (SOC)
  39. Appointment of the Supreme Court judges
  40. Eastern Economic Forum
  41. Code of Conduct for MPs and MLAs
  42. National Register of Citizens (NRC)
  43. EPFO to restore commutation of pension
  44. Oxytocin Ban
  45. SEBI’s norms for FPIs
  46. Sabka Vishwas Scheme
  47. Money Laundering in India
  48. Press Council of India
  49. WorldSkills Kazan
  50. ‘Angikaar campaign’
  51. child well-being index
  52. Desertification
  53. 18 endangered sharks and rays afforded protection
  54. Gravitational Lensing
  55. Great Barrier Reef
  56. Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OALP)
  57. RBI annual report
  58. Food fortification
  59. Security cover of VIPs
  60. Water management practices dismal in states: Niti Aayog
  61. WorldSkills Kazan
  62. Government releases Rs 47,436 crore fund for afforestation
  63. Antibiotic resistance
  64. Five states to get new Governors
  65. Hurricane Dorian
  66. Project Miniature Sun
  67. Jurisdiction of High Court
  68. Artificial Intelligence Based Solutions to Combat TB
  69. Automatic Exchange of Information
  70. ‘Build for Digital India’ programme
  71. Ethanol blending
  72. Global Liveability Index 2019
  73. Dalits welfare
  74. Mudra loan
  75. Rising Electronics Exports as Bright Spot amid Economic Slowdown
  76. Samudrayaan Project
  77. Poshan Abhiyaan
  78. Inner Line Permit
  79. K2-18b — a potentially ‘habitable’ planet
  80. National Animal Disease Control Programme
  81. Anaemia
  82. Participatory Notes
  83. National Pension Scheme for Traders and Self Employed Persons
  84. September 21 Revolution
  85. World Ozone Day
  86. Hog technology in Railways
  87. India’s Red Corridor
  88. What Is the Rome Statute?
  89. India joins global research hub on antimicrobial resistance
  90. NGOs foreign contribution financing
  91. Gharial conservation in India
  92. International migrants and Indian diaspora
  93. Jan Soochna Portal
  94. Marginal Cost of Funds-based Lending Rate (MCLR)
  95. Global spread of measles infection
  96. MGNREGA Wages Linked with Inflation
  97. Particulate matter emissions trading
  98. Public Safety Act
  99. Sant Ravidas–the mystic Guru of Bhakti movement
  100. Critically Endangered Indian Vulture (Gyps indicus)
  101. Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC)
  102. Climate and Clean Air Coalition
  103. Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya
  104. Zonal Councils
  105. Digital Census
  106. KEELADI – An Urban Settlement of Sangam Age
  107. All India Survey on Higher Education
  108. Caribbean Community and Common Market (CARICOM)
  109. Coastal Regulation Zone
  110. Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering
  111. Golden Triangle and Golden Crescent
  112. Shifting of tigers
  113. Sagittarius A
  114. Endosulfan
  115. Analgesic
  116. Ganga data collector app
  117. New species of frog discovered in Arunachal
  118. Soay sheep
  119. MOSAIC Mission
  120. Global Goalkeeper Award 2019
  121. World Digital competitiveness ranking 2019
  122. Pollinator Sanctuary: A new sustainable solution model from Canada
  123. Quad Grouping
  124. Prescription for plant-based diet overlooks vitamin B12 deficiency
  125. Double burden of malnutrition
  126. UMMID initiative
  127. The ancient port town of Mamallapuram
  128. Delayed Withdrawal of Monsoon
  129. China’s Continuing Rare Earth Dominance
  130. Dip in growth of core sectors
  131. EC Powers to Reduce/remove Disqualification of MLAs and MPs under RPA
  132. India is now Open Defecation Free
  133. New IPCC report warns of dire threat to ocean
  134. Press Freedom in India
  135. Madhya Pradesh set to get its seventh tiger reserve – Ratapani Tiger Reserve
  136. School Education Quality Index
  137. World Hindu Economic Forum
  138. What is Goldschmidtite?
  139. A peep into the lives of Galo Tribe of Arunachal Pradesh
  140. Bathukamma Festival
  141. INS Nilgiri
  142. Elephant Endotheliotropic herpes virus
  143. National Nutrition Survey
  144. Why Onion prices often shoots up in India?
  145. Mass extinctions
  146. Advanced air pollution warning system
  147. Chalukyas
  148. Electoral Bond Scheme
  149. Guru Nanak Dev
  150. E-Waste Clinic in Madhya Pradesh
  151. Prakash portal
  152. E-Waste Clinic in Madhya Pradesh
  153. Rajasthan has announced the creation of a Pneumoconiosis Fund
  154. Reinventing Border Management: Drone Threat in Border Areas
  155. Semi-presidential system
  156. Strategic Disinvestment
  157. Water management
  158. Interconnect Usage Charge (IUC)
  159. Ramachandran Plot
  160. C40 Cities
  161. 51 Pegasi b
  162. Extinction Rebellion
  163. Military exercises
  164. Kamini Roy
  165. Global Hunger Index
  166. Jayaprakash Narayan
  167. Chenani-Nashri tunnel
  168. Ayushman Bharat scheme empowering several Indians
  169. Chinese President’s Mamallapuram Visit (informal) to India
  170. Food Safety Mitra (FSM) scheme
  171. Geo-engineering
  172. Implications of Nepal-China road connectivity deal
  173. Indus Waters Treaty
  174. Livestock census
  175. National Blindness and Visual Impairment Survey
  176. One Nation One FASTag: Govt’s RFID solution for digital payment of highway toll
  177. Blue Flag Challenge
  178. Chandipura Virus
  179. International Court of Justice (ICJ)
  180. Prevention of tuberculosis
  181. Kaziranga National Park
  182. Mahila Samridhi Yojana
  183. State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2019 report
  184. Paramarsh
  185. Polavaram Irrigation Project
  186. Ramanujan Machine
  187. Orchids of India: A Pictorial Guide
  188. Tigers under high stress
  189. Delay in establishment of Human Rights Court
  190. CAG Report on Preparedness for Implementation of Sustainable Development Goals
  191. 5G Debate
  192. Article 35 A
  193. ‘PM Awas Yojana and PRAGATI Platform’
  194. Bio fuel
  195. e-cigarettes
  196. Essential medicines
  197. Electronically Transmitted Postal Ballot System (ETPBS)
  198. Facial recognition
  199. ‘Genome Sequencing’
  200. Global Innovation Index (GII) 2019
  201. India-South Korea
  202. ‘Strength of Supreme Court Judges’
  203. LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory)
  204. ‘Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019’
  205. Kala azar
  206. Tesla-style giga factories
  207. Tiger census
  208. Zero budget natural farming (ZBNF)
  209. Jai Bhim Mukhyamantri Pratibha Vikas Yojana
  210. UN Convention on International Settlement Agreements resulting
  211. Economic Census
  212. Disqualification under Anti-Defection Law
  213. Khanij Bidesh India Ltd
  214. Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR)
  215. ASAT missile
  216. Atal Community Innovation Centre (ACIC) Program
  217. BrahMos cruise missiles
  218. Corporate Social Responsibility
  219. ‘Deforestation in the Amazon rainforest’
  220. Eugenics
  221. ‘Female foeticide’
  222. Global Coalition of the Willing on Pollinators
  223. Indus Valley inscriptions
  224. Jallianwala Bagh National Memorial (Amendment) Bill, 2019
  225. ‘Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill 2019’
  226. ‘One Nation One Ration Card Scheme’
  227. Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (Amendment) Bill, 2019
  228. ‘Soil health card’
  229. Tiger census
  230. Triple talaq
  231. Diabetes
  232. Relevance of Wholesale Price Index (WPI)
  233. The State of the World’s Children 2019
  234. BHIM 2.0
  235. Carcinogen Aflatoxin detected in FSSAI milk survey samples
  236. Inter-Parliamentary Union
  237. Jal Jeevan Mission
  238. Maharatna, Navratna and Miniratna CPSEs
  239. Reviving exports
  240. Storm quake
  241. TechSagar
  242. Pegasus Spyware
  243. Annual fishing ban to protect Olive Ridleys in Gahirmatha
  244. Parliamentary reforms
  245. Global Snow Leopard and Ecosystem Program (GSLEP)
  246. The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB)
  247. Kerala on alert as Maha intensifies into super cyclone off its coast
  248. Stages of Economic Integration
  249. Targeted PMKVY and Skills Framework
  250. Top five largest Ramsar sites in India
  251. Danakil Depression
  252. Deforestation, agriculture triggered soil erosion 4,000 years ago
  253. Enhancing Insurance Coverage for Bank Deposits
  254. ICEDASH AND ATITHI
  255. India International Science Festival (IISF) 2019: Experts advise sustainable, climate-smart, diverse farming
  256. India, Uzbekistan sign three defence MoUs
  257. Moody’s cut India’s rating from stable to negative
  258. National Health Profile
  259. Quantum computing
  260. Steel Scrap Recycling Policy
  261. Wastelands Atlas – 2019
  262. What the toxic air did to Delhiites
  263. Why more measles patients die of other infections
  264. Bru refugees of Mizoram
  265. What is a constitution bench?
  266. Basel Ban Amendment
  267. eSIM
  268. Avian Influenza (H5N1)
  269. Uyghur community
  270. Bonn Challenge
  271. What is Cryodrakon Boreas?
  272. 2 new ginger species
  273. Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) and Eurasian Economic Union
  274. Gig Economy
  275. Nilgiri Tahr’
  276. Logistics Index Chart
  277. Market Intervention Scheme for Apples of J&K

UPSC Prelims 2020: Daily Practice Test – 24

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upsc ias prelims exam 2020 test series, Civil Services Preliminary Examination Free solved Test.

Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020: Practice Test – 24

1. Consider the following statements:

1) The Asian Development Bank (ADB) has plans to stop funding coal-fired power plants except in selected countries where the bank considers the alternatives to be limited.

2) The ADB’s new energy policy is being reviewed in line with the Paris Agreement and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, and will be released by the end of 2020.

3) India has achieved the fastest growth in the Asia-Pacific economies comprised of 45 countries, according to the Asian Development Bank (ADB).

Which of the above statements are true?

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

2. Consider the following pairs of missile defence systems and their corresponding nations:

1) Arrow missile system: Israel

2) PAAMS: UK

3) A-135 anti ballistic missile: U.S

4) AWACS: Russia

5) AAD (Advanced air defence): India

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

a) 1, 2 & 3 only

b) 3, 4 & 5 only

c) 1, 2 & 5 only

d) 2, 4 & 5 only

3. The Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister today released a detailed note titled GDP estimation in India- Perspectives and Facts.

Which of the following statements regarding the same are true?

1) The new methodology that uses 2011-12 as the base year includes two major improvements, a) Incorporation of MCA21 database, and b) Incorporation of the Recommendations of System of National Accounts (SNA), 2008.

2) This change was in line with other countries that have changed their methodologies in line with SNA 2008 and revised their respective GDP figures.

3) As of today India’s GDP estimation methodology is at par with its global standing as a responsible, transparent and well-managed economy.

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

4. Which of the following statements regarding data usage in smartphones India as per the ‘Ericsson Mobility Report’ are true?

1) India has the highest average data usage per smartphone, reaching 9.8 GB per month at the end of 2018, according to a new study.

2) Increased numbers of LTE subscriptions, attractive data plans being offered by service providers, and young people’s changing video viewing habits have driven monthly usage growth.

3) LTE would remain the most dominant access technology in the region up to 2024, even as 5G subscriptions are expected to grow during this period.

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

5. Guthis are socio-economic institutions (trusts), both public and private, that fund their obligations from incomes from cultivated or leased land assets. Depending on their obligations, Guthis fulfil religious, public service or social roles and could either involve members from a common lineage, or several

Large scale protest against the controversial “Guthi Bill” has being taking place in which of the following countries recently?

a) Srilanka

b) Myanmar

c) Nepal

d) Bangladesh

Answer:

1 – (a) 2 – (c) 3 – (d) 4 – (d) 5 – (c)

Must Read Books for UPSC Civil Services Examination

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

UPSC IAS Mains General Studies Paper 1,2,3,4 Book PDF Download

UPSC Prelims 2020: Daily Practice Test – 16

upsc ias prelims exam 2020 test series, Civil Services Preliminary Examination Free solved Test.

Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020: Practice Test – 16

1. Consider the following statements regarding food safety:

1) An estimated 600 million cases of foodborne diseases occur annually worldwide.

2) Unsafe food is a threat to human health and economies, disproportionately affecting vulnerable and marginalized people, especially women and children, populations affected by conflict and migrants.

3) World Food Safety Day adopted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations is aimed at imposing non tariff barriers to protect local foods/agri products.

Which of the above statements are true?

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

2. Consider the following pairs of space missions and their respective countries/space agencies:

1) Sputnik -1: Russia

2) Long March -1: China

3) Giotto: European space agency

4) Explorer 1: Japan

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 4 only

c) 2 & 3 only

d) 1 & 4 only

3. Which of the following statements air quality and BS emission standards are true?

1) India is among those nine countries where the forest cover has increased by one percent.

2) Vehicular pollution which is 28 to 30 per cent of air pollution is expected to be reduced drastically after implementation of Bharat Stage (BS)-6 emission norms from next year.

3) However in 2014 in the National Capital the number of poor air quality days was 300 and it increased to 326 days in 2018.

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

4. Which of the following statements regarding RBI’s regulation of leverage ratio in the banking sector stands true?

1) The leverage ratio was introduced for banks post the financial crisis of 2008, as one of the underlying features of the crisis was the build-up of excessive on- and off-balance sheet leverage in the banking system.

2) The central bank has mandated leverage ratio of 3.5% for all the banks except for the domestic systemically important banks (D-SIBs), which will have a 4% ratio.

3) The Reserve Bank of India’s decision to bring leverage ratio for banks is in line with Basel-III standards.

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

5. Which of the following countries recently organised the “Gandhi cycle rally for peace” to mark the 150th birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi?

a) India

b) China

c) Saudi Arabia

d) Australia

Answer:

1. (a) 2. (c) 3. (d) 4. (d) 5. (c)

Must Read Books for UPSC Civil Services Examination

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

UPSC IAS Mains General Studies Paper 1,2,3,4 Book PDF Download

UPSC Prelims 2020: Daily Practice Test – 10

upsc ias prelims exam 2020 test series, Civil Services Preliminary Examination Free solved Test.

Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020: Practice Test – 10

1. Consider the following statements with respect to the current economic prospects:

1) India’s GDP grew at 5.8% in the January-March 2019 quarter, dragging down the full year growth to a five-year low of 6.8%.

2) The slowdown in the economy was led by sluggish growth in construction, financial, real estate and professional services, and electricity, gas, water supply and other utility services.

3) The unemployment rate in the country rose to a 45-year high of 6.1% in 2017-18, as per official data.

Which of the above statements are true?

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Q2. Which of the following art/cultural forms are included in the UNESCO’s List of Intangible Cultural Heritage list from India?

1) Ramleela

2) Ashokan edicts

3) Ajanta caves

4) Kalbelia dance

5) Kumbh mela

a) 1,2 & 3 only

b) 1,4 & 5 only

c) 3,4 & 5 only

d) all of the above

Q3. India will lose access to preferential trade terms with the U.S. under the latter’s Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) programme soon.

Which of the following statements regarding the same are true?

1) The Generalized System of Preference (GSP) is the largest and oldest US trade preference programme and is designed to promote economic development by allowing duty-free entry for thousands of products from designated beneficiary countries.

2) The GSP given by developed countries including the US is a violation of most favoured nation (MFN) status as per WTO norms.

3) India was the largest beneficiary of the program in 2017-2018.

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Q4. Which of the following statements regarding the newly submitted draft education policy stands true?

1) The policy draft recommends incorporation of Indian knowledge systems in the curriculum, constituting a National Education Commission and curbing arbitrary fees hikes by private schools.

2) The expert panel also proposed massive transformation in Teacher Education by moving all teacher preparation and education programmes into large multidisciplinary universities or colleges.

3) The existing NEP was framed in 1986 and revised in 2005, and the draft panel is headed by Dr.MS Swaminathan.

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Q5. Which one of the following countries was not amongst those elected as the non permanent members of UN Security Council recently?

a) Indonesia

b) Brazil

c) Germany

d) Belgium

Answer:

1. (c) 2. (b) 3. (d) 4. (a) 5. (b)

Must Read Books for UPSC Civil Services Examination

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

UPSC IAS Mains General Studies Paper 1,2,3,4 Book PDF Download

UPSC Prelims 2020: Daily Practice Test – 7

upsc ias prelims exam 2020 test series, Civil Services Preliminary Examination Free solved Test.

Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020: Practice Test – 7

1. With reference to the Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD), consider the following statements:

  1. The western Indian Ocean becomes alternately warmer and then colder than the eastern part of the ocean
  2. A study has found that IOD results drought in the southern half of Australia

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 only

 b) 2 Only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

2.  Consider the following statements:

  1. River Narmada runs through only three states
  2. Kaveri River’s basin covers three states and a Union Territory

Which of the above is/are correct?

 a) 1 only

 b) 2 only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

3.  Which of the following ports is/are NOT located in the Bay of Bengal?

  1. Mongla
  2. Paradip
  3. Mundra
  4. Tuticorin
  5. Chittagong

Select correct answer using codes below:

 a) 1 and 3 Only

 b) 1 Only

 c) 3 Only

 d) 1, 3 and 4 Only

4. With reference to the Brahmani River, consider the following statements:

  1. The Brahmani is a major seasonal river in Telangana
  2. Together with the rivers Mahanadi and Baitarani, it forms a large delta before emptying into the Bay of Bengal at Dhamra.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 Only

 b) 2 Only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

5.  With reference to the Chabahar Port, consider the following statements:

  1. It is located on the Gulf of Oman
  2. It is operated by India Ports Global Private Limited (IPGPL) along with its Iranian partner

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 Only

 b) 2 Only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

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UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

UPSC IAS Mains General Studies Paper 1,2,3,4 Book PDF Download

Solution: 1-c, 2-c, 3-c, 4-b, 5-c

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UPSC IAS Main Exam GS Paper-4 Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

UPSC IAS Main Exam GS Paper-3 Complete Study Notes

UPSC IAS Main Exam GS Paper-2 Complete Study Notes

UPSC IAS Main exam GS Paper-1 Complete study notes

Art & Culture of India

Indian History Complete Study Notes

Indian Polity for Civil Services Examination

Physical Economic and Human Geography of India

Art Culture & Heritage of Rajasthan

Economy of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes with Practice MCQ

Geography of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes with Practice MCQ

Polity and Administration of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes with MCQ

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Current Affairs Rajasthan Yearbook 2019

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Current Affairs Study Notes January – August 2019

How to Prepare Current Affairs for UPSC Civil Services Examination

Current Events/Affairs has become a very prominent component and its role in Civil services examination. In exams many questions are asked from this section, so prepare thoroughly. Because your efforts will be useful for you in all stages of the competition and make it a part of your daily routine.

 

Current Events

Make an aerial view of Newspaper by making Political Administrative, Socio-Cultural, Economic, Technical, and Geographical News.

Now majority of objective questions are conceptual and asked in the negative terms, e.g., which is/are not true regarding Right to Information Act, 2005? It means you have to know each and every aspect of the law. So, no short cut is sustainable for Prelims examination.

 

Here is the list of those important events or affairs:

  1. Which become the headlines of the newspapers and editorial are written.
  2. Which have a negative/positive effects on the society?
  3. Which remain in topic or discussion in society and people for a long time?
  4. Which find a special attention in reputed newspapers for a long time?
  5. Which have a quality in making exam oriented notes under national/international issues and Bilateral Relation?

 

General Knowledge

In GK section, very few questions are usually asked. Remember “Do not study exhaustively and spending too much time in memorizing unneeded topics or facts”. Keep yourself updated and aware broadly about various fields. At in meantime, explore and focus more on those areas, which have been asked in the previous exams from online & offline resources like exam preparation articles, books, newspapers etc.

  • Good News Paper (preferably The Hindu/Indian Express)
  • Books and Authors
  • Sports/Games & Awards
  • Important Days and Years
  • Awards and Honours
  • Popular and Great Personalities in News
  • Indian Defence and Space Programmes in News
  • Technology and Computers

 

India Year Book

This book is an essential tool for aspirants as well as important for the CSAT and in two marks questions part of the Mains exam. Reading this book needs logical and concentrated approach on the basic notes, which can be usually asked in competition? One should prepare own notes in regard with various terms/topics explained in the book. Remember there are loads of unnecessary facts given in the book. Do not spend much time on them. You can buy this book online. Click Here to Order This Book.

 

Current affairs sources for UPSC Civil services examination: The Hindu, Indian express, PIB, PRS, Yojana, Kurukshetra, RSTV, Magazine.

 

Explained in detail: Watch our video         

Current Events/Affairs has become a very prominent component and its role in Civil services examination. In exams many questions are asked from this section, so prepare thoroughly. Because your efforts will be useful for you in all stages of the competition and make it a part of your daily routine.

Current affairs weekly 5-12 September- 2019

UPSC CSE and PSC Exams Study Notes- Current Affairs

Current Affairs – Weekly (5-12 September, 2019)

UPSC IAS Prelims – 2020

Civil Services Preliminary Exam- 2020

Join – IAS Prelims-2020 Test Series

As per the official UPSC Exam Calendar, Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 (objective) will be conducted on May 31, 2020 (Sunday). The Main Exam (written) 2020 will start from September 18, 2020.

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UPSC Examination Calendar 2020 – Important Dates

Date of Notification for Civil Service Prelims and Indian Forest Service Prelims: February 12, 2020

Last date to apply for Civil Service Prelims and Indian Forest Service Prelims: March 03, 2020

Date of UPSC CSE Prelims 2020 and IFS Prelims 2018: May 31, 2020

Date of UPSC CSE Mains 2020: September 18, 2020

Date of UPSC IFS Mains 2020: November 22, 2020 (Only for Indian Forest Service Aspirants)

Current Affairs Weekly September 2019

Current/Affairs/Weekly/September/Study Notes/2019

WEEKLY CURRENT AFFAIRS: SEPTEMBER WEEK-1

Important Current Affairs for UPSC & PSC Exams

These Current affair topics will definitely help you to understand the topic in very easy way and it improve you score and knowledge in examinations.

  1. Exercise Yudh Abhyas 2019.
  2. Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OALP)
  3. ‘Angikaar campaign’
  4. China’s One Country Two Systems policy
  5. Apache attack helicopters.
  6. Child well-being index
  7. Desertification
  8. Poshan Maah (National Nutrition Month).
  9. Kun.
  10. Country’s longest electrified rail tunnel between Cherlopalli and Rapuru.
  11. Kerala Champions Boat League.
  12. What is an Interpol Red Notice, what does it do?
  13. Interpol General Assembly.
  14. Association of World Election Bodies.
  15. RBI annual report
  16. AH-64 Apache combat helicopters.
  17. ANDREX Project.
  18. Asteroid Impact Deflection Assessment.
  19. ASEAN-US Maritime Exercise (AUMX).
  20. Food fortification
  21. PIL in Supreme Court for community kitchens in all states to combat hunger.
  22. One Nation-One Ration Card scheme.
  23. Money Laundering in India
  24. Malé Declaration.
  25. ‘Build for Digital India’ programme.
  26. Swachh Iconic Places.
  27. North Eastern Regional Agricultural Marketing Corporation Limited (NERAMAC).
  28. The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
  29. Joint Naval Annual Quality Conclave (JNAQC).
  30. Terracotta Grinder.
  31. Asiatic Society of Mumbai.
  32. Ethanol
  33. Press Council of India
  34. Delhi under Firoz Shah Tuglaq: Reign of the third ruler of Tughlaq dynasty.
  35. Munich Agreement.
  36. PRESIDENT appoints new governors.
  37. Automatic Exchange of Information (AEOI).
  38. Inter-ministerial panel on fintech.
  39. Code of Conduct for MPs and MLAs
  40. WorldSkills Kazan
  41. Security cover of VIPs
  42. Government releases Rs 47,436 crore funds for afforestation
  43. Who is a Professor Emerita/Emeritus, and how is she/he appointed?
  44. Lignin
  45.  ‘Samudrayaan’ project.
  46. National Register of Citizens (NRC)
  47. EPFO to restore commutation of pension
  48. Oxytocin Ban
  49. SEBI’s norms for FPIs
  50. Sabka Vishwas Scheme
  51. Tibetan Democracy Day.
  52. 18 endangered sharks and rays afforded protection
  53. Gravitational Lensing
  54. Great Barrier Reef
  55. United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD).
  56. Water management practices dismal in states: Niti Aayog
  57. WorldSkills Kazan
  58. Formation of Interim government of India.

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July – August – September 2019

Useful for All Competitive Exams: 2019-20

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Part -I

Q1. Consider the following statements regarding occurrence of forest fires:

1) Human activities near or within forested areas are the number one cause of forest fires.

2) Lightning is the biggest natural cause of forest fires.

3) Sometime volcanic activities such as eruptions and lava flow can cause forest fires.

4) Human-caused fires constitute the greater percentage of forest fires in our forests, but natural fires constitute the great majority of the total area burned.

Which of the above statements are true?

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Q2. Consider the following hill stations of India with their location states :

1) Panchgani : Madhya Pradesh

2) Chail : Himachal pradesh

3) Horsley hills : Maharashtra

4) Patnitop : Jammu & Kashmir

5) Almora :Uttarakhand

Which of the above pairs are incorrectlymatched ?

a) 1,2& 3 only

b) 3 & 5 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) 2 & 4 only

Q3. Recently beaches in Chennai witnessed a blue shimmer on the waves. The visitors spotted a magical blue glow on the beach. Which of the following statements regarding the same stands true ?

1) According to marine experts, the blue glow is known as Bioluminescence. The phenomenon is caused by Noctilucascintillans, a type of phytoplankton that converts their chemical energy into light energy when washed ashore.

2) Similar to the sight of fireflies, bioluminescence is found in many marine organisms such as bacteria, algae, jellyfish, worms, crustaceans, sea stars, fish and sharks.

3) The occurrence of these phytoplanktons is highly beneficial to the ecosystem in the long run as they provide food for the fishes.

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Q4. Consider the following statements :

1) The RBI earns money in a variety of ways like the Open market operations, wherein a central bank purchases or sells bonds in the open market in order to regulate money supply in the economy, are a major source of income for the RBI.

2) Dealings in the foreign exchange market that the RBI engages in may also contribute to the bank’s profits.

3) However, that unlike commercial banks, the primary mandate of the RBI is not to earn profits but to preserve the value of the rupee. Profit and loss are thus merely a side effect of its regular operations to shape monetary policy.

Which of the above statements stands true ?

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Q5. Which of the following cities have been ranked number one in the safe city index (SCI-2019) by the economic intelligence unit ?

a) London

b) Tokyo

c) Beijing

d) Ottawa

Q6. The Centre has asked all milk cooperatives and private dairies to halve plastic usage by October 2, which of the following statements regarding the same stands true?

1) The milk industry is one of the largest users of single use plastics, with the growing use of disposable pouches replacing milk vendors and vending machines in many areas.

2) Under the Extended Producer Responsibility component of the Plastic Waste Management (PWM) Rules, revised in 2018, industries are already required to recover and recycle part of the plastic packaging they generate.

3) In case of plastic wastage in milk industry, only the packets collected by rag pickers get recycled while the rest of them end up clogging drains, rivers, lakes, creating sewage and toxic foam.

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Q7. The Earth’s surface- geologically called the Lithosphere- is made up of large plates, in constant motion, travelling a few centimeters every year. The hot magma or molten rock inside the core of the earth causes convection currents which move the plates in different directions. Which of the following plates are connected with the Indian plates?

1) Nazca plate

2) Indo-Australian plate

3) Cocos plate

4) Eurasian plate

5) Arabian plate

a) 1,2 & 3 only

b) 2,4 & 5 only

c) 3,4 & 5 only

d) all of the above

Q8. Which of the following statements regarding the LIGO (Laser Interferometer Gravitational Wave Observatory) project consortium stands true?

1) The LIGO-India project is an international collaboration between the LIGO Laboratory and three lead institutions in the LIGO-India consortium which can detect even the faintest ripples from cosmic explosions millions of light years away.

2) The project operates three gravitational-wave (GW) detectors. Two are at Hanford in the State of Washington, north-western USA, and one is at Livingston in Louisiana, south-eastern USA.

3) The project, piloted by ISRO and Department of Science and Technology (DST), reportedly costs ₹1,200 crore and is expected to be ready by 2030.

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Q9. Consider the following statements regarding National Cooperative Consumers’ Federation of India (NCCF):

1) NCCF was established on 16thOctober, 1965 to function as the apex body of consumer cooperatives in the country.

2) The main objectives of the NCCF are to provide supply support to the consumer cooperatives and other distributing agencies for distribution of consumer goods at reasonable and affordable rates besides rendering technical guidance and assistance to the consumer cooperatives.

3) It is registered under the society registration at 1860.

Which of the above statements are true ?

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Q10. The “Dindigul lock” and “Kandangisaree” which recently got Geographical Indication(GI) tag belongs to which of the following southern states of India ?

a) Kerala

b) Tamilnadu

c) Andhra Pradesh

d) Karnataka

Answer:

1. (d) 2. (c) 3. (a) 4. (d) 5.(b) 6. (d) 7. (b) 8. (a) 9. (a) 10.(b)

Part – II

1. Amazon rainforest spans over 9 countries. In August 2019, in which country deadly fire broke out in the amazon forest?

(A) Venezuela

(B) Brazil

(C) Colombia

(D) Argentina

2. About how much amazon rainforest contained within Brazil?

(A) 40%

(B) 50%

(C) 60%

(D) 70%

3. In Russian Presidential elections 2018, Vladimir Putin elected as president for the

(A) second time

(B) third time

(C) fourth time

(D) fifth time

4. In Rio Olympics 2016 the women’s football gold was won by

(A) Brazil

(B) Germany

(C) France

(D) Italy

5. The Nobel Prize 2018 in Physiology or Medicine was won by

(A) Yoshinori Ohsumi

(B) Kazuo Ishiguro

(C) James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo

(D) William D. Nordhaus and Paul M. Romer

6. James P. Allison and Tasuku Honjo won the Nobel Prize-2018 in the field of Physiology or Medicine for their discovery of

(A) molecular mechanisms controlling the circadian rhythm

(B) cancer therapy by inhibition of negative immune regulation

(C) mechanisms for autophagy

(D) novel therapy against malaria

7. The Paris agreement of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is to limit global warming well below

(A) 1.0 °C

(B) 1.5 °C

(C) 2.0 °C

(D) 2.5 °C

8. Recep Tayyip Erdogan was elected as president of Turkey in the presidential elections 2018 for the

(A) second time

(B) third time

(C) fourth time

(D) fifth time

9. Who is current secretary general of the United Nations?

(A) Javier Perez de Cuellar

(B) Kofi Annan

(C) Ban-Ki-Moon

(D) Antonio Guterres

10. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change deals with

(A) reduction in fossil fuel usage

(B) CO2 emissions mitigation

(C) reduction in Uranium production

(D) greenhouse gases emissions mitigation

11. Antonio Guterres became secretary general of the United Nations on

(A) 1 January 2017

(B) 3 January 2017

(C) 5 January 2017

(D) 7 January 2017

12. Secretary general United Nations Antonio Guterres belongs to

(A) United States

(B) Portugal

(C) Czech Republic

(D) Germany

13. The Paris Agreement entered into force on

(A) October 25, 2016

(B) October 28, 2016

(C) November 1, 2016

(D) November 4, 2016

14. The United States presidential elections were held on

(A) November 5, 2016

(B) November 6, 2016

(C) November 7, 2016

(D) November 8, 2016

15. Barack Obama, who completed his tenure as the president of the United States belongs to

(A) Democratic Party

(B) Republican Party

(C) Libertarian Party

(D) Green Party

16. President Donald Trump was the presidential nominee of the

(A) Democratic Party

(B) Republican Party

(C) Libertarian Party

(D) Green Party

17. President Donald Trump took office of the presidency on

(A) 18 January 2017

(B) 20 January 2017

(C) 22 January 2017

(D) 24 January 2017

18. Hillary Clinton has also served as US __________ from 2009 to 2013.

(A) Vice President

(B) Foreign Minister

(C) Secretary of States

(D) Interior Minister

19. The largest museum in the world is

(A) Vatican Museums

(B) State Hermitage Museum

(C) Louvre Museum

(D) National Museum of China

20. The Louvre Museum is located in

(A) France

(B) Italy

(C) United States

(D) United Kingdom

ANSWERS:

1. B

2. C

3. C

4. B

5. C

6. B

7. C

8. A

9. D

10. D

11. A

12. B

13. D

14. D

15. A

16. B

17. B

18. C

19. C

20. A

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GS Score PIB Compilation – 1st August to 15th August 2019 for UPSC Civil Services Exam

UPSC IAS Civil Services and State Public Services Commission Examination 2019-20. PIB magazine is must read magazine for all the aspirants preparing for competitive examinations. GS Score compile it and everyone who is preparing for UPSC known very well about GS Score Study Centre, which is one of the best institute. GS Score PIB

The Press Information Bureau (PIB) is a nodal agency of the Government of India. PIB disseminates information to the print, electronic and new media on government plans, policies, programme initiatives and achievements.

Is PIB important for UPSC exam?

The articles published by the Press Information Bureau or PIB have authentic information relating to the government policies, plans, achievements etc. A serious UPSC aspirant should read PIB selectively to gather relevant information to enrich his/her content both for prelims and mains.  Benefits of taking information from PIB fortnightly updates:

  • Authentic information directly from the government
  • Relevant for current affairs section of the UPSC civil services
  • All schemes of the government
  • Our compilations will help you to segregate the topics according to General Studies Papers

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General Studies of Rajasthan-All in One

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Important/Useful Press Information Bureau (PIB) Compilation for All Competitive Examinations 2019-20

Important Topics of Magazine

  • Environment -Army Launches E Car to Combat Pollution
  • Economy -Kabil set up to Ensure Supply of Critical Minerals
  • Education -20 Institution Recommended for Status of ‘Institutions of Eminence
  • Security -DRDO Successfully Flight-Tests State-of the-Art Quick Reaction Surface-to-Air
  • Missiles against Live Aerial Targets from Itr, Chandipur
  • Polity -Landmark Consumer Protection Bill, 2019 Gets Parliamentary Approval
  • Energy -Unido and National Institute of Solar Energy to Partner for Skill Development Program
  • Economy -E-Rozgar Samachar Launched to Spread Awareness about Job Opportunities
  • Social Issues -Niti Aayog to Launch the Fourth Edition of Women Transforming India Awards
  • Defence -INS Tarkash at Bergen, Norway
  • Governance -RPF Launches “Operation Number Plate” Across Indian Railways- a Drive against Unattended/Unclaimed Vehicles in all Railway Premises
  • Social Issues- India’s Largest Rural Sanitation Survey Launched
PIB-Compilation-General-Studies-Civil-services-state-psc-exams

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GS Score PIB Compilation – 16th July to 31st July for UPSC Prelims & Mains

The Press Information Bureau (PIB) is a nodal agency of the Government of India. PIB disseminates information to the print, electronic and new media on government plans, policies, programme initiatives and achievements.

Is PIB important for UPSC exam?

The articles published by the Press Information Bureau or PIB have authentic information relating to the government policies, plans, achievements etc. A serious UPSC aspirant should read PIB selectively to gather relevant information to enrich his/her content both for prelims and mains.  Benefits of taking information from PIB fortnightly updates:

  • Authentic information directly from the government
  • Relevant for current affairs section of the UPSC civil services
  • All schemes of the government
  • Our compilations will help you to segregate the topics according to General Studies Papers

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Current Affairs

Tamil Nadu Declare a State Butterfly.

Context

Tamil Nadu Becomes Fifth Indian State to Declare a State Butterfly.

About

  • Tamil Nadu has recently declared Tamil Yeoman (Cirrochroa thais) as its state butterfly to symbolize its rich natural and cultural heritage, in a move aimed at boosting the conservation efforts of the attractive insects.
  • Locally known as Tamil Maravan meaning ‘Tamilian Warrior’, the canopy butterfly, belongs to the family of brush-footed butterflies or the Nymphalid.
  • This is the latest addition to Tamil Nadu’s existing symbols from the natural world – palmyra as the state tree, gloriosa lily as the state flower, emerald dove as the state bird, and jackfruit as the state fruit and Nilgiri tahr as the state animal.
  • This butterfly species is endemic to Western Ghats.
  • Once the species is declared as a state butterfly, this will help channelizing government funds towards a particular environmental cause.

More in News

Tamil Nadu has a total of 32 species of butterflies endemic to the state.

It has become the fifth India state after Maharashtra (Blue Mormon), Uttarakhand (Common peacock), Karnataka (Southern birdwings) and Kerala (Malabar banded peacock) to bestow a state emblem status to one of its colorful insects.

Both southern bird wings, which is the largest butterfly species found in India, and Malabar banded peacocks are, like the Tamil Yeoman, endemic to the Western Ghats as well.

Why butterfly conservation?

Butterflies are great bio-indicators of an ecosystem as they are highly sensitive to environmental conditions such as temperature, sunlight, humidity and rainfall patterns.

Their presence, patterns and migration assist in mapping the climatic health of a region and are they are perhaps the most studied insect group across the world.

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BOGIBEEL RAIL-ROAD BRIDGE

Context

PM Modi inaugurated the 4.94-km-long Bogibeel Bridge in Assam, India’s longest rail-cum-road bridge, on Bramhaputra River.

About

  • The bridge is Asia’s second longest rail-cum-road bridge.
  • It is constructed at an estimated cost of Rs 5,900 crore.
  • It has a ‘serviceable period of around 120 years.’
  • The bridge will reduce travel time from Assam to Arunachal Pradesh to four hours. It will also reduce the Delhi to Dibrugarh train-travel time by about three hours to 34 hours as against 37 hours presently.
  • It is the fourth rail-road bridge being built on the Brahmaputra; others are Pandu Saraighat, Kolia Bjumuraguri and Narayan Setu.
  • It is the fourth largest bridge in the country and also the largest structure built on the river Brahmaputra.
  • The bridge is among the infrastructure projects planned by India to improve logistics along the border in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The bridge will boost economic activity as well as tourism in the region.
  • This is very strategic from the defence point of view, and the Army has been demanding it for years. The bridge classification is on the higher side for movement of heavy military equipment. It will drastically cut time for induction of troops and logistics during a war-like situation.
  • On downside, the Inland Water Transport (IWT) Department of Assam fears that the Bogibeel Bridge will impact ferry services to a large extent.

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NITI Aayog releases Report on the Composite Water Management Index 2.0

To supplement the efforts of Jal Shakti Ministry, NITI Aayog has prepared the second Round of Composite Water Management Index (CWMI 2.0).The Report was launched today by Shri Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Minister of Jal Shakti, and Dr. Rajiv Kumar, Vice Chairman, NITI Aayog. 

Shri Ramesh Chand, Member, NITI Aayog, Shri Amitabh Kant, CEO, NITI Aayog, Shri Parameswaran Iyer, Secretary, Jal Shakti Ministry; Shri U.P. Singh, Secretary, Jal Shakti Ministry; Dr. Amarjeet Sinha, Secretary Ministry of Rural Development; Shri Yaduvendra Mathur, Special Secretary, NITI Aayog, Shri Avinash Mishra, Adviser, Water and Land Resources, NITI Aayog and senior officials of Ministry Jal Shakti, Rural Development and NITI Aayog were also present at the launch event.

Scientific management of water is increasingly recognized as being vital to India’s growth and ecosystem sustainability. Government is being proactive about water management and has created the Ministry of Jal Shakti to consolidate interrelated functions pertaining to water management. The newly formed Jal Shakti Ministry under the guidance of Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi has strived to over bridge the water challenges by launching the Jal Shakti Abhiyan – a campaign for water conservation and water security.

NITI Aayog first launched and conceptualized the Composite Water Management Index in 2018 as a tool to instill the sense ofcooperative and competitive federalism among the states. This was a first ever attempt at creating a pan-India set of metrics that measured different dimensions of water management and use across the lifecycle of water. The report was widely acknowledged and provided actionable guidance to States on where they were doing well absolutely and relatively and what they needed to focus on to secure their water future.

The CWMI is an important tool to assess and improve the performance of States/ Union Territories in efficient management of water resources.  This has been done through a first of its kind water data collection exercise in partnership with Ministry of Jal Shakti, Ministry of Rural Development andall the States/ Union Territories.The index would provide useful information for the States and also for the concerned Central Ministries/Departments enabling them to formulate and implement suitable strategies for better management of water resources. 

CWMI 2.0 ranks various states for the reference year 2017-18 as against the base year 2016-17.In the report released today, Gujarat hold on to its rank one in the reference year (2017-18), followed byAndhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.  In North Eastern and Himalayan States, Himachal Pradesh has been adjudged number 1 in 2017-18 followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura and Assam. The Union Territories have first time submitted their data and Puducherry has been declared as the top ranker. In terms of incremental change in index (over 2016-17 level), Haryana holds number one position in general States and Uttarakhand ranks at first position amongst North Eastern and Himalayan States.On an average, 80% of the states assessed on the Index over the last three years have improved their water management scores, with an average improvement of +5.2 points.

The overall ranking for reference year 2017-18and change in the rankings from the base year 2016-17 of different States in the Report is given in Charts-1 and Chart 2.

Chart-1: Ranking of Different States  in CWMI 2.0 2019

Chart-2: Incremental Ranking of Different States  in CWMI 2.0

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