UPSC Prelims: Monthly Current Affairs March 2020

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UPSC Prelims 2020 Batch 4: Complete Revision

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IASBABA – Daily Current Affairs for IAS UPSC Exams – March-2020

Daily Current Affairs – IAS EXAM PORTAL

Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 20 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 20 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 19 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 19 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 18 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 18 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 17 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 17 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 16 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 16 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 15 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 15 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 14 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 14 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 13 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 13 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 12 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 12 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 11 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 11 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 10 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 10 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 09 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 09 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 08 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 08 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 07 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 07 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 06 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 06 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 05 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 05 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 04 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 04 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 03 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 03 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 02 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 02 March 2020
Current Affairs MCQ for UPSC Exams – 01 March 2020
Current Affairs for IAS Exams – 01 March 2020

MARCH INSIGHTS IAS CURRENT AFFAIRS – 2020

  1. Insights into Editorial: We need more policewomen
  2. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 20 March 2020
  3. Insights into Editorial: A dam of contention in Africa
  4. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 19 March 2020
  5. Insights into Editorial: Fight for the finite: On budgetary allocation for health
  6. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 18 March 2020
  7. Insights into Editorial: Temples of critical thinking and debate
  8. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 17 March 2020
  9. Insights into Editorial: Danger ahead: On India’s road safety record
  10. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 16 March 2020
  11. Insights into Editorial: Coronavirus: PM Modi calls for SAARC nations’ conference to build strategy
  12. Insights into Editorial: Missing at birth: on sex selective abortion and infanticide
  13. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 14 March 2020
  14. Insights into Editorial: How the country should make the most of a second oil windfall
  15. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 13 March 2020
  16. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 12 March 2020
  17. Insights into Editorial: Having an ear to Adivasi ground
  18. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 11 March 2020
  19. Insights into Editorial: UAHS develops new paddy variety resistant to blast disease
  20. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 10 March 2020
  21. Insights into Editorial: ‘Stree shakti’ is an integral part of our ‘rashtra shakti’
  22. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 9 March 2020
  23. Insights into Editorial: The role of women in developing a knowledge economy
  24. Insights into Editorial: Banking on bailouts: On Yes Bank crisis
  25. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 7 March 2020
  26. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 6 March 2020
  27. Insights into Editorial: A blow against social justice
  28. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 5 March 2020
  29. Insights into Editorial: Govt to establish Central Consumer Protection Authority; what is it?
  30. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 4 March 2020
  31. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 3 March 2020
  32. Insights into Editorial: Why is COVID-19 not a pandemic yet?
  33. Insights into Editorial: State lethargy amidst cough syrup poisoning
  34. INSIGHTS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS + PIB SUMMARY- 2 March 2020

Daily Current Affairs – Drishti IAS

Study IQ – Daily Current Affairs March-2020

MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge Yearbook 2020. Monthly Affairs March 2020: The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/PCS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and all the Indian states. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India, Indian States regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.  Monthly Affairs March 2020

Monthly Affairs March 2020

Daily Current Affairs 18 March 2020

MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge Yearbook 2020. The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/PCS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and all the Indian states. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India, Indian States regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.  UPSC Prelims Exam 2020

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Indian Culture Portal

  • Indian Culture Portal was launched in December, 2019.
  • It aims to showcase information about the rich cultural heritage of India across the globe.
  • The Indian Culture Portal is available in two languages i.e. Hindi and English.
  • The portal will create awareness about both the tangible and intangible cultural heritage of India, through the content available on the portal.
  • The portal comprises mainly of rare books, e-books, manuscripts, artefacts from museums, virtual galleries, archives, photo archives, gazetteers, Indian National Bibliography, videos etc.
  • The portal also has detailed accounts of Indian UNESCO World Heritage site, Musical Instruments of India, write-ups and beautiful pictures on cuisines, festivals, paintings, folk art and classical art from different States of India etc.

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

  • A World Heritage Site is a landmark or area, selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) for having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, which is legally protected by international treaties.
  • The sites are judged to be important for the collective and preservative interests of humanity.
  • To be selected, a World Heritage Site must be an already-classified landmark, unique in some respect as a geographically and historically identifiable place having special cultural or physical significance.
  • It can be an ancient ruin or historical structure, building, city, complex, desert, forest, island, lake, monument, mountain, or wilderness area.
  • It may signify a remarkable accomplishment of humanity, and serve as evidence of our intellectual history on the planet.
  • The sites are intended for practical conservation for posterity, which otherwise would be subject to risk from human or animal trespassing, unmonitored/uncontrolled/unrestricted access, or threat from local administrative negligence.
  • Sites are demarcated by UNESCO as protected zones.
  • The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Program administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 “states parties” that are elected by their General Assembly.
  • The programme catalogues, names, and conserves sites of outstanding cultural or natural importance to the common culture and heritage of humanity.
  • Under certain conditions, listed sites can obtain funds from the World Heritage Fund.
  • The programme began with the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World’s Cultural and Natural Heritage, which was adopted by the General Conference of UNESCO in 1972.
  • Since then, 193 state parties have ratified the convention, making it one of the most widely recognized international agreements and the world’s most popular cultural programme. UPSC Prelims Exam 2020

Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2020

  • The Central Sanskrit Universities Bill, 2020 has been passed by the Parliament after it was passed by Rajya Sabha recently.
  • This bill will convert the following universities into central Sanskrit universities
  1. Rashtriya Sanskrit Sansthan, New Delhi,
  2. Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, New Delhi,
  3. Rashtriya Sanskrit Vidyapeeth, Tirupati.
  • These 3 universities will have more opportunities to spread the knowledge of Sanskrit language not only in India but also across the world in a better way.

Sanskrit Language

  • Sanskrit is an Indo-Aryan language of the ancient Indian subcontinent with a 3,500-year history.
  • It is the primary liturgical language of Hinduism and the predominant language of most works of Hindu philosophy as well as some of the principal texts of Buddhism and Jainism.
  • Sanskrit, in its variants and numerous dialects, was the lingua franca of ancient and medieval India.
  • In the early 1st millennium CE, along with Buddhism and Hinduism, Sanskrit migrated to Southeast Asia, parts of East Asia and Central Asia, emerging as a language of high culture and of local ruling elites in these regions.
  • Sanskrit traces its linguistic ancestry to the Proto-Indo-Aryan language, Proto-Indo-Iranian and the Proto-Indo-European languages.
  • Sanskrit is traceable to the 2nd millennium BCE in a form known as Vedic Sanskrit, with the Rigveda as the earliest-known composition.
  • A more refined and standardized grammatical form called Classical Sanskrit emerged in the mid-1st millennium BCE with the Aṣṭadhyayi treatise of Paṇini.
  •  It is the root language of many Prakrit languages, Examples include numerous, modern, North Indian, sub continental
  •  Daughter languages such as Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Punjabi, Gujarati, Sindhi, Kashmiri, Kumaoni, Garhwali, Urdu, Dogri, Maithili, Konkani, Assamese, Odia, and Nepali.
  • The body of Sanskrit literature encompasses a rich tradition of philosophical and religious texts, as well as poetry, music, drama, scientific, technical and other texts.
  • The earliest known inscriptions in Sanskrit are from the 1st century BCE, such as the few discovered in Ayodhya and Ghosundi-Hathi bada (Chittorgarh).
  • Sanskrit is one of the 22 languages listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution of India; it has only 24,821 speakers (according to 2011 Census).
  • It continues to be widely used as a ceremonial and ritual language in Hinduism and some Buddhist practices such as hymns and chants.

Communication Network in Plants

  • US researches has discovered a communication network in plants that helps them respond to a hormone involved in pest resistance.
  • This may help develop crops that can withstand insect attacks. 
  • In the study, the scientists used the plant Arabidopsis thaliana, a widely studied small flowering plant in the mustard family, whose genome has been well characterized.
  • It is observed that the hormone called jasmonic acid is particularly important for a plant’s defense response against fungi and insects.
  • The research has opened avenues to understand how environmental information and developmental information is processed, and how it ensures proper growth and development.
  • According to the scientists, the genes MYC2 and MYC3 rose to the top in their degree of importance across the system. 
  • The two genes are involved in producing proteins that regulate the activity of thousands of other genes.
  • These gene networks and sub networks could help in understand the architecture of the whole plant hormone system.
  • It also helped them to understand which genes are turned on and off during a plant’s defense response.
  • Ultimately, the process helps in identifying breeding crops that are able to better withstand attacks from pests. UPSC Prelims Exam 2020

AISHE

  • All India Survey of Higher Education was started in India in 2010-11.
  •  A task force was formed constitution representatives from HRD ministry, University Grants Commission, All India Council of Technical Education, Medical Council of India, National University of Education Planning and Administration, Distance Education Council of India and representatives of many universities.
  • Task force recommended survey making an annual exercise which was accepted and now it is a regular survey being conducted by department of Higher Education in ministry of HRD India.
  • Each institution is allotted a code known as AISHE code, There are about 50000 Institutes of Higher Education in India, out of this about 800 are universities, 12,000 are professional institutes and remaining academic colleges and institutes.
  • In survey, Data is collected about details of Institute, Students enrolled, no. and details of teachers, infrastructure available, scholarship, loans and accreditation etc.
  • As per All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE) 2018-19, there are 39931 colleges in India, out of which 60.53% are located in rural areas.
  • Further, majority of the colleges provide higher education to both males and females and 11.04% colleges are exclusively for females.
  • Additionally, as per AISHE 2018-19, females constitute 48.6% of the total enrolment in higher education and the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) for females in higher education at 26.4% is higher than the national GER of boys at 26.3%.
  • Also, the Gender Parity Index (GPI) has increased during the last 5 years, from 0.92 in 2014-15 to 1 in 2018-19.

Gross Enrollment Ratio

  • Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) or Gross Enrolment Index (GEI) is a statistical measure used in the education sector, and formerly by the UN in its Education Index.
  • It is used to determine the number of students enrolled in school at several different grade levels (like elementary, middle school and high school), and use it to show the ratio of the number of students who live in that country to those who qualify for the particular grade level.
  • The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), describes “Gross Enrolment Ratio” as the total enrolment within a country “in a specific level of education, regardless of age, expressed as a percentage of the population in the official age group corresponding to this level of education”.

Gender Parity Index

  • The Gender Parity Index (GPI) is a socioeconomic index usually designed to measure the relative access to education of males and females, released by UNESCO.
  • It is calculated as the quotient of the number of females by the number of males enrolled in a given stage of education (primary, secondary, etc.).
  • A GPI equal to one signifies equality between males and females.
  • A GPI less than one is an indication that gender parity favors males while a GPI greater than one indicates gender parity that favors females.
  • The closer a GPI is to one, the closer a country is to achieving equality of access between males and females.
  • It is used by international organizations, particularly in measuring the progress of developing countries.
  • The World Economic Forum’s Global Gender Gap Report 2016 allows users to look at and compare country GPI data. UPSC Prelims Exam 2020

Mission Solar Charkha

  • The Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME) has launched the Mission Solar Charkha in 2018-19 for implementation of 50 Solar Charkha Clusters across the country.
  • The aims and objectives of Mission Solar Charkha are
  1. To ensure inclusive growth by generation of employment, especially for women and youth and sustainable development through solar charkha cluster in rural areas.
  2. To boost rural economy and help in arresting migration from rural to urban areas.
  3. To leverage low-cost, innovative technologies and processes for substance.
  • As of now 10 projects have been approved under Mission Solar Charkha.
  • One Solar Charkha cluster has been identified in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The scheme envisages generating direct employment to nearly one lakh persons. UPSC Prelims Exam 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Batch 4: Complete Revision

UPSC Prelims Exam 2020

Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 Volume-3

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State Wise Yearbook 2020: Latest Current Affairs

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Uttarakhand Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-12

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UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-11

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UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-10

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UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-9

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UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-3

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UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-2

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Current Affairs 1-25 March 2020

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UPSC Prelims: Monthly Current Affairs March 2020

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Daily News Prescription – 21 March 2020

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Daily News Prescription – 19 March 2020

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Daily Current Affairs 18 March 2020

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Daily News Prescription – 18 March 2020

MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge Yearbook 2020. The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/PCS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and all the Indian states. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India, Indian States regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.  UPSC Daily News Prescription

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GS2: Polity & Governance

Floor test: SC asks M.P. govt. to respond today, For a floor test first Former M.P. Chief Minister and nine other BJP MLAs had sought a vote of confidence.

51 private labs will soon be allowed to conduct tests The “test, test, test” prescription of the World Health Organisation (WHO) is not for India, Director-General of the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)

Make tests free, ICMR tells private labs  The Council says it is pressing into action two rapid-testing units at Odisha and Noida which can test 1,400 samples a day.

Coming to terms with biometrics in policing Modern technology has dangers, but there should be hope that care and sophistication would transform investigation

A case for more policewomen Increasing the number of women recruits alone will not be enough; institutional changes are as important

MR R Gogoi, MP(IE) Supreme Court is larger than one judge but by saying yes to government, former Chief Justice has hurt it

The Hidayatullah example(IE) Time has come to ask: Should judges stop accepting post-retirement jobs offered by government, at least for a few years after retiring?

Gogoi defends RS nomination(TH) Former Supreme Court Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi on Tuesday justified his nomination to the Rajya Sabha but declined to elaborate the reasons

No meetings of SC, ST panels held in 25 States in 3 years The panels are meant to monitor the implementation of SC, ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act

SC upholds right of women naval officers Denying permanent commission to women officers who have served the nation would result in a serious miscarriage of justice, it said.

Abortions till 24 weeks for special categories The “special categories of women” include rape survivors, victims of incest, the differently abled and minors, Health Minister Harsh Vardhan said moving the Bill.

Plea in HC against U.P. law on recovery of damage to property A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) petition has been filed in the Allahabad High Court seeking the suspension of or stay against the ordinance brought

GS2: International Relations

A revival of multilateralism, steered by India A leadership role by India in mobilising world collaboration would be in keeping with its traditional activism globally
 

GS3: Defence & Security

Navy to get four more P­8I aircraft from May Plans on to install encrypted communication systems on the earlier 8 P-8Is

GS3: Science & Technology

How the COVID-19 test works How does the PCR test look for the virus in swab samples? How long does it take? How many samples is India testing daily, and can it test more? If it can, why has it not scaled up yet?

Explained: Five steps to detecting the virus The process was explained to The Indian Express by Dr V Ravi, Senior Professor & Head, Department of Neurovirology, NIMHANS.

2 more monkey deaths in Kerala A disease is spreading among the Bonnet macaque population in Vadakkanchery, near Thrissur, claiming 11 animals so far. UPSC Daily News Prescription

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Batch 4: Complete Revision

UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-11

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UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-9

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List of national parks in India

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Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020

MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge Yearbook 2020. The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/PCS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and all the Indian states. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India, Indian States regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020

UPSC Prelims 2020 Complete Study Material with Practice Test

What is BHOG of FSSAI?

What is BHOG?

BHOG is Blissful Hygiene Offering to God. These are certificates issued by FSSAI. The BHOG certificates ensure quality of food offered to devotees and deities as well. It was launched as a precautionary measure to maintain hygiene of foods at the temples.

About the Project

The project was initiated by FSSAI. The project apart from maintaining the quality of foods at temples, also gives training for food handlers on basic food safety. It incudes Gurudwaras, Temples, Mosques. The project has also made it mandatory for the Prasad stalls and vendors that sell Prasad in and around temple premises to obtain BHOG certificate.

Eat Right Campaign

The certificate also includes principles of Eat Right Campaign. The Eat Right Campaign is based on two broad pillars namely “Eat Healthy” and “Eat Right”.

Black Carbon Levels in Himalayan Glaciers and Biomethanation

The increase in carbon concentration in the region is mainly because of agricultural burning and forest fire. The concentration of black carbon was found to be minimum in August and maximum in May. Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020

What is Black Carbon?

Black Carbon are fine particles of carbon that are formed due to incomplete combustion of fossil fuels and biomass. These particles are capable of absorbing energy from the sun (light) a million times more than that of carbon dioxide. However, black carbon are short lived unlike carbon dioxide.

They increase current level of global warming mainly due to their light absorbing characteristics.

Biomethanation

The Government of India has taken the technology of Biomethanation as a solution for stubble burning. Quality manure and biogas are obtained from bio-methanation process. Six Biomethanation plants are to be constructed in Punjab that will convert paddy straw into bio-gas.

Biomethanation is a process by which organic materials are microbiologically converted into biogas in anaerobic conditions. Anaerobic condition is an environment without oxygen.

Environment & Ecology: UPSC Prelims Exam 2020 Free PDf

Important Topics For UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020

  • Lok Sabha passed Direct Tax Vivad Se Viswas Bill, 2020

Though the bill deals with tax payments, it is in no way connected with the Income-Tax Act, 1961. However, it aims to bring the appeals filed by the Income Tax Department under the act. And for the taxpayers, the bill says that if the tax payment is made after March 31, 2020, the tax payer has to pay 110% of the disputed tax. And if the tax is paid before the date, the tax payer has to pay full amount of the disputed tax and there will be no penalty applied.

Concerns

The bill raised concerns that it treats honest and dishonest people in equal way. Also, it attracted comments for its Hindi name in a country which is diversified culturally to great extent. However, the English version of the bill is “No Dispute, But Only Trust”

  • GoI clears Genome India Project

The Department of Biotechnology operating under Ministry of Science and Technology has cleared Genome India Project. More than 20 leading institutions including IISc Bengaluru are to participate in the project.

Highlights

The project will at its first phase take samples of 10,000 persons to develop a reference Genome. The Centre of Brain Research operating under IISc will act as a nodal point of the project. The Project was inspired by Human Genome Project.

Human Genome Project

The Human Genome Project was launched in 1990 and ended in 2003. It was an international project funded by the US Government.

The project aimed to map human genome and assemble them together to obtain a complete sequence of chromosomes. It mapped the nucleotides in the genome.

What is Genome?

Genome is the sequence of DNA. It contains all the hereditary information of an individual. Genome is not the same as gene or DNA. Genes are made of DNA. The Genome is simply sum of all DNAs of an individual.

  • Delhi announced as next Google Cloud Region after Mumbai

On March 5, 2020, Google announced that it will open its next cloud region of India at Delhi by 2021. This is the second cloud region of Google after Mumbai that was launched in 2017. Google owns 22 cloud regions in Asia Pacific.

Along with Delhi Cloud Region, Google will also open its data centers in Toronto (Canada), Melbourne (Australia) and Doha (Qatar).

What is Google Cloud Region?

The Google Cloud Services are now available in South America, North America, Asia, Europe and Australia. They are regions that stores data. These data storage regions help several companies to store and secure their data.

How is it helpful for India?

India has strict data localization laws. This is because by this, GoI believes that consumer data can be protected in a better way. This way it helps in national security, sovereignty and economic development. The Google Cloud Region hence helps companies to store data locally.

  • Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana signs MoU with Amazon to e-market

On March 5, 2020, Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-National Urban Livelihoods Mission (DAY-NULM) has signed MoU with Amazon to e-market products made by self help groups in India.

Highlights

The MoU has been signed as a part of Women’s Day celebration. Every year March 8 is celebrated as International Women’s Day. The women entrepreneurs in E-Commerce platform have been growing substantially. The MoU will help to empower these women entrepreneurs.

The Agreement is a key initiative for the second edition of Shehri Samridhi Utsav to be organized between March 28, 2020 and April 12, 2020.

Shehri Samridhi Utsav

It is an initiative of Ministry of Housing and Urban affairs. It is a rally that aims at increasing the outreach of DAY-NULM. It also organizes job melas and fairs for products made by women SHGs.

DAY-NULM

It is a flagship programme of Ministry of Housing and Urban affairs. The programme aims to reduce poverty. It also aims to reduce vulnerability of urban poor by enabling their self-employment opportunities and also increase their skilled wage employment opportunities.

  • Corona Virus: OPEC to cut oil production largely since 2008 financial crisis

On March 5, 2020, the world’s largest oil production nations of OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) have planned to cut production. This is the deepest oil production cuts since 2008 financial crisis. Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020

Highlights

The major member of OPEC, Saudi Arabia has planned to cut production by 1.5 million barrel a day from April 2020. This is equivalent to holding back 3.6% of global oil supplies. The cuts are being made to avoid oil prices from collapsing.

OPEC has taken this decision predicting decline in demand of oil due to Corona Virus and its impact all over the world. When the demand decreases and supply is maintained at the same level, prices will reduce as the availability of oil will increase. Therefore, OPEC is cutting the supply.

Russia Factor

Russia has been hesitant towards making deeper cuts. Being a major contributor of OPEC, Russia’s move might backfire other OPEC countries. This is because, the oil exports of Russia will tend to increase as Russia oil will become cheaper. Therefore, other countries of OPEC are forcing Russia to join deeper oil production cuts. Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020

  • International Conference on Nano-Science and Nano Technology held in Kolkata

On March 5, 2020, the Department of Science of Technology operating under Ministry of Science and Technology organized an International Conference on Nano-Science and Nano Technology (ICONSAT) at Kolkata. The Conference is to be held between March 5, 2020 and March 7, 2020.

Highlights

The Conference highlighted the current need of India in the field of Nano-Science. It includes 5Ms namely Material, Mechanical, Manufacturing, Manpower and Machines. The Conference was attended by more than 450 scientists from all over the world.

Current Scenario

India started its journey of nanotechnology with the launch of “Nano Science and Technology Initiative” (NSTI) in 2001 for a span of 5 years. In 2007, it was renamed as “Nano Mission”. Nano Mission had wider objectives and larger funding of 250 million USD. This effort paid off well with Indian researchers publishing more than 23,000 papers in the field in next 5 years. In 2013, India ranked third in research paper publication in the field after China and USA.

Also, the contribution of private firms on Nano Technology has also been minimal. India currently works towards producing 10,000 researchers in the field in the next 10 years as of 2017.

UN Security Council

  • United Nations Security Council (UNSC) is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations (UN).
  • It is charged with ensuring international peace and security, recommending that the General Assembly accept new members to the United Nations, and approving any changes to its charter.
  • Its powers include the establishment of peacekeeping operations and international sanctions as well as the authorization of military actions through resolutions.
  • It is the only body of the United Nations with the authority to issue binding resolutions to member states.
  • Like the UN as a whole, the Security Council was created following World War II to address the failings of a previous international organization, the League of Nations, in maintaining world peace.
  • The great powers that were the victors of World War II –Russia, United Kingdom, France, People’s Republic of China, and the United States – serve as the body’s five permanent members.
  • These can veto any substantive resolution, including those on the admission of new member states or nominees for the office of Secretary-General.
  • In addition, the council has 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis to serve a term of two years.
  • The body’s presidency rotates monthly among its members.
  • Resolutions of the Security Council are typically enforced by UN peacekeepers, military forces voluntarily provided by member states and funded independently of the main UN budget.
  • Recently China assumed presidency of UN Security Council for March 2020. Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020

Hard ground swamp deer

  • Hard ground swamp deer is also known as Barasingha or Rucervus duvaucelii, the state animal of Madhya Pradesh.
  • It is seeing a revival in the Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR) after having been perilously close to extinction for a long time.
  • The species now numbers 800, after five decades of persistent conservation work.
  • In 1967, the numbers of swamp deer decreased to 66 due to rampant hunting, habitat loss and diseases.
  • The number was estimated at around 551 in 1953.
  • The deer was brought back from the verge of extinction with the help of a successful breeding programme and conservation practices at the KNPTR.
  • Swam deer are already extinct in Pakistan and Bangladesh.
  • It is now found only in south- western Nepal and central and northeastern India.
  • There are three subspecies of swamp deer found in the Indian Subcontinent.
  1. The western swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii) found in Nepal,
  2. Southern swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii branderi) found in central and
  3. North India and eastern swamp deer (Rucervus duvaucelii ranjitsinhi) found in the Kaziranga and Dudhwa National Parks.

Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR)

  • KNPTR is on the Maikal range of the Satpura hills.
  • It is spread over an area of 940 square kilometres between Mandla and Balaghat districts of Madhya Pradesh.
  • The swamp deer is endemic to KNPTR.

United for Biodiversity

  • The European Commission (EC) launched the ‘United for Biodiversity’ coalition made up of zoos, aquariums, botanical gardens, national parks, and natural history and science museums from around the world, on World Wildlife Day 2020.
  • The coalition offered the opportunity for all such institutions to “join forces and boost public awareness about the nature crisis, ahead of COP-15 of the Convention on Biological Diversity in Kunming, China in October 2020.
  • The coalition adopted a common pledge, citing the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) Global Assessment finding that one million species were already at risk of extinction, and appeals to visitors to each of their institutions to “raise their voice for nature.”
  • IPBES, formed by the United Nations Environment Programme, welcomed the formation of the coalition. Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020

Convention on Biological Diversity

  • The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), known informally as the Biodiversity Convention, is a multilateral treaty.
  • The Convention has three main goals including:
    1. The conservation of biological diversity (or biodiversity).
    2. The sustainable use of its components.
    3. The fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from genetic resources.
  • It is often seen as the key document regarding sustainable development.
  • The Convention was opened for signature at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and entered into force on 29 December 1993.
  • CBD has two supplementary agreements – Cartagena Protocol and Nagoya Protocol.
  • The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (2003), is an international treaty governing the movements of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology from one country to another.
  • The Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization (ABS) provides a transparent legal framework for the effective implementation of one of the three objectives of the CBD: the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources.

Mac- Binding

  • Internet connectivity in Kashmir has been restored after seven month, it will be made available “with mac-binding”.
  • Every device has a Media Access Control (MAC) address, a hardware identification number that is unique to it. While accessing the Internet, every device is assigned an IP address.
  • Mac-binding essentially means binding together the MAC and IP addresses, so that all requests from that IP address are served only by the computer having that particular MAC address.
  • In effect, it means that if the IP address or the MAC address changes, the device can no longer access the Internet.
  • Also, monitoring authorities can trace the specific system from which a particular online activity was carried out. Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020

QS World Rankings

  • QS World University Rankings is an annual publication of university rankings by Quacquarelli Symonds (QS).
  • It is previously known as Times Higher Education–QS World University Rankings, the publisher had collaborated with Times Higher Education (THE) magazine to publish its international league tables from 2004 to 2009 before both started to announce their own versions.
  • The QS system now comprises the global overall and subject rankings (which name the world’s top universities for the study of 48 different subjects and five composite faculty areas), alongside five independent regional tables (Asia, Latin America, Emerging Europe and Central Asia, the Arab Region, and BRICS).
  • According to newly released QS World Rankings five institutions from India have been ranked among the top 100 this year, while in 2019 there were three, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi and IIT Madras.
  • This year IIT Kharagpur (IIT-KGP) is at 86th, IIT Madras (IITM) at 88 and IIT Kanpur (IITK) at 96.
  • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) in Mumbai and Delhi are among the top 50 engineering colleges across the globe, according to subject-wise QS World Ranking.
  • In arts and humanities, the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) has been ranked at the 162nd position while the Delhi University has been ranked at 231 spot. Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020

Virtual Currency

  • Recently Supreme Court set aside a ban by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) on banks and financial institutions from dealing with virtual currency holders and exchanges.
  • The court held that the ban did not pass the “proportionality” test.
  • The test of proportionality of any action by the government, the court held, must pass the test of Article 19(1)(g), which states that all citizens of the country will have the right to practice any profession, or carry on any occupation or trade and business.
  • In a circular in 2018, the RBI had banned banks from dealing with virtual currency exchanges and individual holders on the grounds that these currencies had no underlying fiat and that it was necessary in the larger public interest to stop banks from providing any services related to these.
  • There is no globally accepted definition of what exactly is virtual currency.
  • Some agencies have called it a method of exchange of value; others have labelled it a goods item, product or commodity.
  • The underlying technology of virtual currencies are called blockchain, defined bitcoins as “a new electronic cash system that’s fully peer-to-peer, with no trusted third party”.
  • This essentially meant there would be no central regulator for virtual currencies as they would be placed in a globally visible ledger, accessible to all the users of the technology.
  • All users of such virtual currencies would be able to see and keep track of the transactions taking place.

Virtual Currencies Vs Crypto Currencies

  • Virtual currency is the larger umbrella term for all forms of non-fiat currency being traded online.
  • Virtual currencies are mostly created, distributed and accepted in local virtual networks.
  • Cryptocurrencies, on the other hand, have an extra layer of security, in the form of encryption algorithms.
  • Cryptographic methods are used to make the currency as well as the network on which they are being traded, secure.
  • Most cryptocurrencies now operate on the block chain or distributed ledger technology, which allows everyone on the network to keep track of the transactions occurring globally.
  • Organizations across the globe have called for caution while dealing with virtual currencies, while also warning that a blanket ban of any sort could push the entire system underground, which in turn would mean no regulation. Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020

Source: AIR News, Down to Earth, Business Standard, Indian Express

Daily Current Affairs 6 March 2020: Daily News Prescription - General Studies of India

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MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge Yearbook 2020. The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/PCS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and all the Indian states. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India, Indian States regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Current Affairs February 2020

Market Intelligence and Early Warning System

  • Union Ministry of Food Processing has launched Market Intelligence and Early Warning System (MIEWS) Portal for Monitoring prices of TOP Crops (Tomato, Onion and Potato).
  • MIEWS portal would help in planning and timely intervention for price stabilization and generating alerts
  • The MIEWS Dashboard and Portal is a ‘first-of-its-kind’ platform for ‘real time monitoring’ of prices of tomato, onion and potato (TOP) and for simultaneously generating alerts for intervention under the terms of the Operation Greens (OG) scheme.
  • The portal would disseminate all relevant information related to TOP crops such as Prices and Arrivals, Area, Yield and Production, Imports and Exports, Crop Calendars, Crop Agronomy, etc in an easy to use visual format.
  • A dashboard that would indicate low price and high price alerts as well as price forecasts for 3 month forward.
  • Prices and arrivals of TOP crops across the country including interactive charts and comparisons with previous seasons
  • This portal is a novel initiative of MoFPI leveraging IT tools and furthering the goals of Digital India.

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Batch 4: Complete Revision

Operation Greens Scheme

  • In the budget speech of Union Budget 2018-19, a new Scheme “Operation Greens (OG)” was announced on the line of “Operation Flood”.
  • The scheme provides an outlay of Rs.500 crores to promote Farmer Producers Organizations (FPOs), Agri-logistics, processing facilities and professional management.
  • Accordingly, the Ministry has formulated a scheme for integrated development of Tomato, Onion and Potato (TOP) value chain.
  • As per the terms of the OG Scheme, during a glut situation, evacuation of surplus production from producing areas to consumption centers will be undertaken as determined by the following:
  1. When the prices fall below preceding 3 years’ average market price at the time of harvest;
  2. When the prices fall more than 50% compared to last year’s market price at the time of harvest;
  3. When the prices fall less than the benchmark, if any, fixed by the State / Central Government for a specified period.

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National Technical Textiles Mission

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, has given its approval to set up a National Technical Textiles Mission with a total outlay of Rs 1480 Crore, with a view to position the country as a global leader in Technical Textiles.
  • The Mission would have a four year implementation period from FY 2020-21 to 2023-24.
  • Technical Textiles are futuristic and nice segment of textiles, which are used for various applications ranging from agriculture, roads, railway tracks, sportswear, health on one end to bullet proof jacket, fire proof jackets, high altitude combat gear and space applications on other end of spectrum.
  • The Mission will have four components:
  • Research, Innovation and Development – which promotes fundamental research at fiber level aiming at path breaking technological products in Carbon Fiber, Aramid Fiber, Nylon Fiber, and Composites
  • The fundamental research will be conducted in various Centre for Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) laboratories, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) and other scientific/industrial/academic laboratories of repute.
  • Promotion and Market Development – Through market development, market promotion, international technical collaborations, investment promotions and ‘Make in India’ initiatives.
  • Export Promotion – An Export Promotion Council for Technical Textiles will be set up for effective coordination and promotion activities in the segment.
  • Education, Training, Skill Development – The Mission will promote technical education at higher engineering and technology levels related to technical textiles and its application areas.
  • The Mission will focus on usage of technical textiles in various flagship missions, programmes of the country including strategic sectors.

Technical Textiles

  • Technical textiles are textiles materials and products manufactured primarily for technical performance and functional properties rather than aesthetic characteristics.
  • Technical Textiles products are divided into 12 broad categories (Agrotech, Buildtech, Clothtech, Geotech, Hometech, Indutech, Mobiltech, Meditech, Protech, Sportstech, Oekotech, Packtech) depending upon their application areas.
  • India shares nearly 6% of world market size of 250 Billion USD.
  • However, the annual average growth of the segment is 12%, as compared to 4% world average growth.

Measuring Poverty in India

  • Poverty can be defined as a condition in which an individual or household lacks the financial resources to afford a basic minimum standard of living.
  • Economists and policymakers estimate “absolute” poverty as the shortfall in consumption expenditure from a threshold called the “poverty line”.
  • Poverty is measured using the Tendulkar poverty line.
  • As per this, 21.9% of people in India live below the poverty line.
  • The official poverty line is the expenditure incurred to obtain the goods in a “poverty line basket” (PLB).
  • Poverty can be measured in terms of the number of people living below this line (with the incidence of poverty expressed as the head count ratio).
  • The “depth” of poverty indicates how far the poor are below the poverty line.
  • The PLB comprises goods and services considered essential to a basic minimum standard of living — food, clothing, rent, conveyance, and entertainment.
  • The price of the food component can be estimated using calorie norms or nutrition targets.
  • Until the 1990s, the calorie norms method was used, It was based on the minimum number of calories recommended by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) for a household of five members.
  • However, this method does not consider the different food groups that are essential for health — this is why the Tendulkar Committee targeted nutritional outcomes.
  • Following schemes use the definition of poverty given by the NITI Aayog or the erstwhile Planning Commission.
  1. Antyodaya Anna Yojana (which provides subsidided foodgrains to households living below the poverty line)
  2. Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (health insurance for BPL households)
  • The Centre allocates funds for these schemes to states based on the numbers of their poor.

Committees on Poverty

  • Six official committees have so far estimated the number of people living in poverty in India
  1. The working group of 1962 ( did not consider age and gender-specific calorie requirements)
  2. V N Dandekar and N Rath in 1971.
  3. Y K Alagh in 1979.
  4. D T Lakdawala in 1993 ( excluded health and education expenditure  from the consumption basket)
  5. Suresh Tendulkar in 2009 ( Included Health, education expenditures along with targeted nutritional outcomes)
  6. C Rangarajan in 2014 ( selected food component arbitrarily , excluding sanitation, healthcare, access to clean water, and prevalence of pollutants)
  • The government did not take a call on the report of the Rangarajan Committee.

Multidimensional Poverty Index

  • In 2011, Oxford University researchers devised the multidimensional poverty index (MPI) to capture poverty using 10 indicators: nutrition, child mortality, years of schooling, school attendance, ownership of assets, and access to proper house, electricity, drinking water, sanitation, and clean cooking fuel.
  • Poverty is measured in terms of deprivation in at least a third of these indicators.
  • The MPI is a more comprehensive measure of poverty because it includes components that capture the standard of living more effectively.

UKIERI-UGC Program

  • Union HRD Ministry has launched UKIERI-UGC Higher Education Leadership Development Programme for Administrators.
  • It is a joint initiative of UGC and British Council under the auspices of UK India Education and Research Initiative (UKIERI), which aims to deliver a leadership development programme for middle and senior level administrative functionaries in Indian Universities.
  • The programme will lead to developing a more global outlook and promote learning for inclusive and internationally connected higher education systems that support the economic and social growth in UK and India.
  • The Minister also said that the programme will serve as a stimulant for the functionaries to improve their performance and capabilities which consequently shall enhance institutional profile and reputation of Universities in India.
  • The University Grants Commission (UGC) will conduct this programme in collaboration with Advance HE as the training partner with globally recognized institutional expertise and leadership excellence from the UK, which is being enabled by the British Council in India.

Indradhanush – V 2020

  • The Indian Air Force (IAF) and Royal Air Force (RAF) jointly commenced the fifth edition of Ex Indradhanush at Air Force Station Hindan.
  • The focus of this edition of the exercise is ‘Base Defence and Force Protection’.
  • This theme is of significance considering the recent threats to military establishments from terror elements.
  • Ex Indradhanush provides a platform for the IAF and RAF to share and jointly validate strategies and tactics to counter terror threats to their installations.

ICoSDiTAUS-2020

  • International Conference on Standardization of Diagnosis and Terminologies in Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha Systems of Medicine (ICoSDiTAUS-2020), held in New Delhi.
  • Sixteen countries which came together for the cause of Traditional Medicine at this conference, which includes Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Serbia, Curacao, Cuba, Myanmar, Equatorial Guinea, Qatar, Ghana, Bhutan, Uzbekistan, India, Switzerland, Iran, Jamaica and Japan.
  • ICoSDiTAUS-2020 is the biggest ever international event dedicated to standardization of Diagnosis and Terminologies of Traditional Medicine in terms of the broad level of participation covering virtually all the continents.
  • New Delhi Declaration on Collection and Classification of Traditional Medicine (TM) Diagnostic Data was made in the conference.
  • The New Delhi declaration emphasized the commitment of the countries to Traditional Medicine as a significant area of health care.
  • It sought the opportunity for including traditional systems of medicine like Ayurveda, Unani and Siddha in the International Classification of Diseases of WHO which is the standard diagnostic tool for health management across the world.

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GS1: Art & Culture

Explained: Mud packs and other remedies to save the Taj from pollution Mud packs have been one of the ASI’s favoured ways to remove the yellow stains that have appeared over the years on the Taj Mahal’s white marble facade. It is hoped that the treatment — traditionally employed to clean marble surfaces — will help restore the natural shine and colour of the monument.

GS2: Governance

The unassailable keywords for the judiciary (TH) India’s judges must remind themselves constantly of the need to uphold an independent, strong and respected judiciary

The issues around data localisation (TH) The contentious clauses on local data storage in the revised Personal Data Protection Bill need re-examination

Income scheme to cover fewer farmers (TH) Kisan Samman Nidhi will cover only 12 crore people; Centre urges West Bengal to join scheme and Bihar to expedite process.

GS3: Science and Technology

Explained: What is biojet fuel (IE) On December 17, 2018, ASTE pilots and engineers flew India’s first military flight using blended biojet fuel on the An-32 transport aircraft. UPSC Prelims Exam 2020

Prelims Corner

UNESCO WHS of Hampi – ASI planning barricade around famed stone chariot at Hampi(TH) The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) is contemplating installing a wooden barricade around the stone chariot inside Vittala Temple complex

Central Wakf Council The size of a mosque and the area it would occupy in the site is yet to be decided

 G20 The Group of 20 (G20) finance ministers and central bank heads faced a sober presentation by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which predicted the epidemic would shave 0.1 percentage points off global growth.
Blue Dot Network The Blue Dot network is “a multi-stakeholder initiative to bring together governments, the private sector and civil society to promote high-quality, trusted standards for global infrastructure development”, sources said. UPSC Prelims Exam 2020

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GS2: Governance

Supreme Court upholds changes to SC/ST atrocities law (TH) The March 20 judgment had diluted the original 1989 legislation, saying they were using its provisions to file false criminal complaints against innocent persons

‘Review court can refer questions to larger Bench’ (TH) The Supreme Court on Monday held that its five-judge Bench can refer questions of law to a larger Bench while exercising its limited power under review-jurisdiction in the Sabarimala case.

Draft policy on rare diseases notified (TH) Judges not satisfied with the provision of ₹15 lakh for one-time curative treatment

Reservation as right (TH) Ensuring adequate representation to disadvantaged sections is a state obligation

Explained: Uniform Civil Code — the debate, the status (IE) Recent observations by the Supreme Court have put the spotlight back on the debate over a Uniform Civil Code. What would such a Code seek to achieve, and what have been the arguments for and against it?

Explained: Fine-tuning the Surrogacy Bill (IE) A Select Committee has given its report on the Surrogacy Regulation Bill, recommending that surrogacy should not be restricted to close relatives. A look at the provisions and journey of the Bill since 2016. Daily News Analysis February2020
 

GS3: Environment

Safeguarding the delta The move for a protected agriculture zone in T.N. favours food security over energy greed

GS3: Science and Technology
Explained: What is Solar Orbiter, and how does it differ from previous missions to the Sun? (IE) The Solar Orbiter mission, which will take the first pictures of the top and bottom of the sun, is worth approximately Rs11,700 crore.

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Important Topics Prelims 2020: 28 January 2020

MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide Daily Current Affairs for UPSC PSC Exams 2020, free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. UPSC IAS General Studies. Important Topics Prelims 2020

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Important Topics – 28 January 2020

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Covered: we will provide all the trending topics of current affairs and the static topics related to that.

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Daily News Prescription – 23 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 23 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-23 January 2020. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020. Daily News 23 January

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GS2: Governance

Return of bonds (TH) The Supreme Court must give an expeditious decision on the validity of electoral bonds

GS2: International Relations

India, Brazil to sign Strategic Action Plan (TH) India and Brazil will upgrade their strategic partnership with an “action plan” and sign a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT

India, Brazil to sign Strategic Action Plan (TH)  According to officials involved in the planning of the visit, the two countries hope to take their partnership to ‘the next level’ and build on the relationship between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Bolsonaro, who met twice in 2019.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Prime Minister of Nepal K P Sharma Oli jointly Inaugurate Integrated Check Post at Jogbani-Biratnagar (PIB) Jogbani – Biratnagar is an important trade point between the two countries. The ICP is equipped with modern facilities.

Oli seeks resolution of all pending issues with India (Mint) Analysts say Oli’s reference includes a border dispute along the India-Nepal border close to China

GS3: Infrastructure

Producers feel the heat as power distribution losses widen (mint) At least 10 states are losing about a third of the power supplied to their consumers in distribution losses.

GS3: Science and Technology

India, co-builder of Hawaii telescope, wants it shifted out of proposed site (TH) The $2 billion project , a joint venture involving five countries, has been marred by protests for over a decade; proposed site is considered sacred to the island’s indigenous people.

GS2: Governance

SC refuses to stay citizenship law without hearing the govt. (TH) CJI says it is “uppermost in everybody’s minds”, indicates referring CAA challenge to Constitution Bench.

Centre seeks guidelines on the execution of convicts (TH)  Ministry of Home Affairs moves court appealing for a deadline of seven days.

Ending inaction (TH) The Supreme Court ends Speakers’ freedom to do nothing in disqualification cases

GS2: Social issues

India drops 10 ranks in Democracy Index (TH) The survey attributes the primary cause of “the democratic regression” to “an erosion of civil liberties in the country”.

GS2: International Relations

Cabinet approves pact with Brazil on legal cooperation (TH) The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved an agreement on bilateral legal and criminal cooperation

Cabinet approves agreement between India and Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (PIB) Cabinet approves agreement between India and Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters.

Cabinet approves signing of MoU between Brazil and India for bilateral cooperation in the field of early childhood (PIB) It will strengthen the bonds of friendship between the two countries and increase bilateral cooperation on the issues of early childhood care.

GS3: Science and Technology

Meet Vyom Mitra, first Indian ‘woman’ to ride to space (TH) The half-humanoid will simulate human functions before real astronauts take off.

GS3: Environment

India achieves complete phase-out of one the most potent ozone-depleting chemical (PIB) India has successfully achieved the complete phase-out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b, which is a chemical used by foam manufacturing enterprises and one of the most potent ozone-depleting chemical after Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).(HCFC)-141 b is used mainly as a blowing agent in the production of rigid polyurethane (PU) foams.

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MYUPSC! Daily News Prescription – 9 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 9 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

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Current Affairs 9 January 2020

GS1: India’s freedom struggle

Explained: Who was Ashfaqullah Khan, why did the British hang him (IE) The Uttar Pradesh government has recently announced it will build…

Explained: What is Epiphany festival, who are the 3 kings celebrated on this day? (IE) In Goa, the celebration is known by its Portuguese name ‘Festa dos Reis’,

GS2: Governance

Cabinet nod for FDI in coal mining (TH) The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved an ordinance to amend two laws to ease mining rules, enabling foreign direct investment in coal sector.

Re-grassing is mandatory after mining, rules SC The Supreme Court has directed the Central Government to impose a … Mandatory Conditions For Re-Grassing Mining Area After Operations .

Revised norms for data-led probes (TH)  Revised norms for data-led probes. The Union Home Ministry has said that before seeking information about a person’s e-mail account ….

Explained: Voting at the GST Council (IE) The tradition of deciding by consensus has been broken, and the Council could now see voting on other issues as well. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

GS2: International Relations

Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space for Peaceful and Civilian Purposes (PIB) Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space for Peaceful…

Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Sweden on cooperation in Polar Science (PIB) Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Sweden on cooperation in Polar Science.

Cabinet approves ratification of Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement between India and France (PIB) Cabinet approves ratification of Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement between India and France.

Cabinet okays mobility pact with France to boost people-to-people contacts (Mint) The agreement had been signed between India and France

Press Brief on Operation Sankalp (PIB) Press Brief on Operation Sankalp. In the backdrop of the deteriorating security situation in the Gulf region, post attacks on merchant ships
 

GS3: Infrastructure

₹5,559 crore to set up northeast gas grid (TH) The 1,656-km North-East Natural Gas Pipeline Grid will connect Guwahati in Assam to major cities in the region

NITI Aayog proposes draft guidelines for private trains (Mint) Niti Aayog and Indian Railways have come out with a discussion paper for running 150 trains on 100 routes by private operators,

GS3: Economy

CCI Releases ‘Market Study on E-commerce in India: Key Findings and Observations’ (PIB) The Competition Commission of India (CCI) released a Report titled ‘Market Study on E-commerce in India

MHA issues Revised Guidelines for Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (PIB) The MHA has issued Revised Guidelines for Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters in December 2019

GS3: Science and Technology

Indian cobra genome decoded: how this knowledge can help fight snakebite (IE) Indian cobra genome decoded: how this knowledge can help fight

This word means Goldilocks zone (IE) Where a planet is just the right distance from its star to sustain liquid water — and possibly life.

‘World’s most efficient lithium-sulfur battery’ developed: How it works, why it matters (IE) Researchers have developed this new Li-S battery. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

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APSC Assam Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

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Daily News Prescription 9 Jan2020

Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 – Government’s Clarification on CAA

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Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 (CAA) passed by the Indian Parliament has resulted in nationwide protests as many felt the new provisions added by the Central Government are discriminatory in nature.

The Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 is connected with illegal migrants who came to India before 31-12-2014.

The new amendments are intended to help illegal migrants from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh get an opportunity to apply for Indian citizenship if they belong to Hindu, Christian, Sikh, Jain, Parsi or Buddhist religious beliefs. Muslims are not listed.

Citizenship Amendment Act 2019: Why are people opposing it?

Those who oppose the CAA feel that the new provisions are against the principles and secular foundations of Indian Constitution, and hence ethically wrong. There are also apprehensions in some sections that the Citizenship Amendment Act 2019, followed by the National Register of Citizens (NRC) is to alter the voters’ profile in favour of the ruling party.

Natives of north-east India, who are most affected by the problems of illegal migration, are against the whole idea of giving citizenship to illegal migrants, irrespective of their religion

Government’s Clarification on Citizenship Amendment Act 2019

To bring more clarity about the stand of the Central Government, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has released the clarification of the government on the issue. The questions and answers published by the Press Information Bureau (PIB) are reproduced below.

Does the CAA affect any Indian citizen?

No, it has absolutely nothing to do with any Indian citizen in any way. The Indian citizens enjoy fundamental rights conferred on them by the Constitution of India. No statute, including the CAA, can abridge or take them away. There has been a misinformation campaign. The CAA does not affect any Indian citizens, including Muslim citizens.

Who does the CAA apply to?

It is relevant only for Hindu, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist, Parsi and Christian foreigners, who have migrated from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan into India up to 31.12.2014, on account of persecution faced by them due to their religion. It does not apply to any other foreigners, including Muslims migrating to India from any country, including these three countries.

How does it benefit Hindu, Sikh, Jain, Buddhist, Parsi and Christian foreigners hailing from these three countries?

If their travel documents like passport and visa are not in order or are not available, they can apply for Indian citizenship if they were persecuted back home. The CAA creates this legal right for such migrants. Secondly, they get a faster route for Indian citizenship through the Naturalisation Mode. The minimum residency requirement in India would be only 1+5 years instead of 1+11 years as applicable for all other categories of foreigners.

Does this mean that Muslims from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan can never get Indian citizenship?

No, the present legal process of acquiring Indian citizenship by any foreigner of any category through Naturalization (Section 6 of the Citizenship Act) or through Registration (Section 5 of the Act) stays operational. The CAA does not amend or alter it in any manner whatsoever. Hundreds of Muslims migrating from these three countries have been granted Indian citizenship during the last few years. If found eligible, all such future migrants shall also get Indian citizenship, irrespective of their numbers or religion.

In 2014, after the settlement of Indo-Bangladesh boundary issues, 14,864 Bangladeshi citizens were given Indian Citizenship when their enclaves were incorporated into the territory of India. Thousands of these foreigners were Muslims.

Will illegal Muslim immigrants from these three countries be deported under the CAA?

No, the CAA has absolutely nothing to do with the deportation of any foreigner from India. The deportation process of any foreigner irrespective of his religion or country is implemented as per the mandate of the Foreigners Act, 1946 and/or The Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920. These two laws govern entry, stay movement within India and exit from India of all foreigners irrespective of their religion or country.

Therefore, the usual deportation process would apply to any illegal foreigner staying in India. It is a well-considered judicial process that is based on a proper inquiry by the local police or administrative authorities to detect an illegal foreigner. It is ensured that such an illegal foreigner has been issued a proper travel document by the embassy of his country so that he can be duly received by officials of his country when he is deported.

In Assam, the process of deportation happens only after the determination of such a person as a “foreigner” under The Foreigners Act, 1946. Then he becomes liable for deportation. Therefore, there is nothing automatic, mechanical or discriminatory in this

Exercise. The state governments and their district-level authorities enjoy the power of Central Govt. under Section 3 of the Foreigners Act and Section 5 of The Passport (Entry into India) Act, 1920 to detect, detain & deport any illegal foreigner.

Can Hindus facing persecution on grounds of religion in countries other than these 3 countries apply under the CAA?

No, they will have to apply through the usual process to get Indian Citizenship just like any other foreigner for either registration or naturalization as a citizen of India. They would get no preference under The Citizenship Act, 1955, even after the CAA.

Does the CAA also cover other forms of persecution – on grounds of race, gender, membership of a political or social group, language, ethnicity etc.?

No, the CAA is a very focused law that deals specifically with foreigners of six minority community groups hailing from three neighbouring countries that have their distinct state religion. Any foreigner persecuted abroad on any account may apply for registration or naturalization as a citizen of India like any other foreigner if he fulfils the minimum qualifications laid down in The Citizenship Act, 1955.

The CAA will gradually exclude Indian Muslims from the citizenship of India?

The CAA does not apply to any Indian citizen at all. All Indian citizens enjoy the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Constitution of India. CAA is not meant to deprive any Indian citizen of his citizenship. Rather it is a special law to enable certain foreigners facing a particular situation in three neighbouring countries to get Indian citizenship.

CAA will be followed by NRC and all migrants except Muslims will be given citizenship and Muslims will be sent to detention camps?

The CAA has nothing to do with NRC. The legal provisions regarding NRC have been part of The Citizenship Act, 1955 since December 2004. Also, there are specific statutory rules of 2003 to operationalise these legal provisions. They govern the process of registration of Indian citizens and the issuance of national identity cards to them. These legal provisions have been on the statute books since the last 15-16 years. The CAA has not altered them in any way whatsoever.

What are the rules for citizenship under CAA?

Appropriate rules under the CAA are being framed. They will operationalise various provisions of the CAA.

CAA – Myths and Facts in Perspective of North-East (Government’s Release)

Government of India has also released (PIB) Myth Busters in connection with CAA and North-East India.

MYUPSC Daily Current Affairs 03 December 2019

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Parliament to discuss on crimes against women

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on Monday said the government is ready for a discussion in LokSabha on the issue of crime against women and willing to explore stringent provisions in laws to check incidents like the Hyderabad rape and murder case.

Responding to a discussion during Zero Hour in the wake of the rape and murder of a veterinarian in Hyderabad, Singh said he was falling short of words to condemn the heinous crime.

As soon as the House met for the day, Speaker Om Birla said he would allow members to raise the “serious issue” in Zero Hour.

Uttam Kumar Reddy (Cong) raised the issue of the rape and murder of the 26-year-old veterinarian and slammed the Telangana Home Minister for his purported “insensitive” remarks.

He also slammed the state police for initially delaying to lodge a case.T R Baalu (DMK) raised the issue of sexual assault of a school girl in Coimbatore.Saugat Roy (TMC) said rape convicts should be hanged.

PinakiMisra (BJD) questioned the delay in executing the death sentence awarded to convicts in the “Nirbhaya” gang-rape case.He said laws and establishment on fast track courts will not make a differences till the time the death sentences are not executed.

On November 29, four men, aged between 20 and 24, were arrested on charges of raping and killing the young woman veterinarian in Hyderabad.

Inner Line Permit (ILP)

Simply put, an Inner Line Permit is a document that allows an Indian citizen to visit or stay in a state that is protected under the ILP system.

Context: Union Home Minister Amit Shah has assured the civil society groups that the Citizenship Bill would provide protection to such regions and states where the Inner Line Permit (ILP) is applicable, and autonomous administration has been granted under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill aims to make it easier for non-Muslim refugees from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan to obtain Indian citizenship.

  • If it is implemented with provisions for excluding from its ambit the states under the ILP regime, it means that beneficiaries under CAB will become Indian citizens but will not be able to settle in these three states.
  • As a matter of fact, the same restriction applies to existing Indian citizens.

Now, on these lines, even Assam, Tripura and Meghalaya are demanding the implementation of ILP system.

The ILP is obligatory for all those who reside outside the protected states;

  • Currently, the Inner Line Permit is operational in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.
  • It can be issued for travel purposes solely.
  • An ILP is issued by the state government concerned.

Origin of ILP:

ILP’s origin dates back to the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations, 1873- It prohibited “British subjects” or Indians from entering into these protected areas.

After Independence, in 1950, the word “British subjects” was replaced by Citizens of India and the focus of the ban on free movement was explained as a bid to protect tribal cultures in northeastern India.

Nationwide vaccination to be conducted under Mission Indradhanush 2.0

Centre is launching nationwide vaccination drive to prevent eight diseases under Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 across the country today.

The government’s flagship scheme is aimed at immunizing children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women against eight vaccine preventable diseases.

The IMI covers vaccines for diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B. Vaccines for Japanese encephalitis and hemophilus influenza are also being provided in selected areas.

The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts spread over 27 States. The IMI 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.

The campaign will be carried out in 260 development blocks of 43 districts of the state including the capital Bhopal and Indore. In addition , the mission will be running in four-phases in state. Children will be vaccinated under the National Mission Indradhanush in the months in January , February and March next year.

Public Health and Family Welfare Minister Tulsiram inaugurated this campaign in Indore district. The Project Officers of the District Urban Development Agency has been made the nodal officer for the successful operation of the mission.

Australia’s points-based visa policy

Context: In what is seen as an effort to block entry to unskilled people, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has promised to introduce an Australian style points-based visa policy from January 1, 2021.

Generally, for visas that are points-tested, points may be given for different categories ranging from age to proficiency in English and amount of work experience. To be granted such visas, the individual’s score must reach a cutoff fixed by the authorities.

For workers with an “eligible skilled occupation” there are 10 categories of visas available. Applications are tested with points awarded in various categories. One of these is “Skilled Independent Visa”.

  • A migrant with this visa can live and work permanently anywhere in Australia, study in Australia, sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence and if eligible, enroll in Australia’s health-care system and subject to eligibility, also become an Australian citizen.

Some of the skilled jobs that come under the ambit of the skilled migration program include: accountant, actor, aeronautical engineer, advertising manager, air conditioning and mechanical services plumber, author, baker, swimming coach, urologist and vegetable grower.

What are the advantages of points systems? 

The ability to qualify without an employer sponsor- workers entering under the Australian points system are less dependent on their employers and do not need permission to switch between jobs as they do in the UK; as a result, they are expected to have more bargaining power and to operate in a more competitive labour market.

Steel imports have increased over a period of 5 years ,claims govt.

Government today said import of steel has increased during the last few years.

Replying to questions in the LokSabha, Steel Minister DharmendraPradhan, however, said domestic production has consistently increased regardless of such imports. Mr Pradhan said, in the current year, country is a net exporter.

He said, to counter import of cheap steel, anti-dumping duties have been imposed on various grades of steel which were dumped into the country.

Mr Pradhan further said, import of steel grades which are not manufactured in adequate quantity in the country is essential for supporting manufacturing sector.

The Minister informed the House that the total number of steel plants in the country is 977. He said, work is currently going on in NMDC steel plant in Nagarnar, Chattisgarh, which is a Greenfield project.

In reply to another question, the Minister said, the production of iron ore in the country is sufficient to meet the current demand by domestic steel industry. Mr Pradhan said, the supply of iron ore during last year 2018-19 was 207 metric tonne against its demand of 189 metric tonne.

Centre plans listing of single-use plastics

The Centre is likely to identify as many as eight articles as ‘single-use plastic’ items that will be discontinued on a priority basis, including plastic cutlery, plastic bags and certain Styrofoam items.

Defining single-use plastic is the first step in the direction of doing away with such products in India by 2022, as called for by Prime Minister NarendraModi during his Independence Day address.

While many states have banned plastic, there are wide variations in implementation and the range of products covered.After consulting stakeholders, the environment ministry is close to announcing a clear and uniform definition of single-use plastic.

The idea is to completely phase out single-use plastic where it is replaceable with environment friendly alternatives and to bring in a robust segregation, collection and disposal mechanism for single-use plastic.

The ministry wrote to the states in September asking them to curb production of plastic bags, irrespective of thickness and size, and Styrofoam (thermocol) cutlery and to encourage manufacturers and consumers to shift to other environmentally friendly material.

Every village will be asked to start waste segregation. They will send plastic waste to block-level units that will convert the aggregated waste into bales, shred them and transport them to aggregators for recycling to build in a sustainable mechanism.

India –Sweden to expand cooperation at delegation level talks

Prime Minister NarendraModi held delegation level talks with King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden at Hyderabad House in New Delhi today.

The meeting is aimed at giving a boost to bilateral co-operation in various sectors. Several agreements are expected to be signed between the two countries.

King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia arrived on a state visit to India this morning at the invitation of President Ram NathKovind. They were given a ceremonial welcome at RashtrapatiBhawan. This is His Majesty’s third visit to India. The King will meet President Ram NathKovind this evening.

Earlier, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar called on the King and Queen after their arrival and held discussions on ways to deepen bilateral ties.

Apart from the official programme in Delhi, the royal couple is scheduled to visit Mumbai and Uttarakhand. Several documents on furthering bilateral engagement are likely to be signed during the five day visit.

UN chief urges to improve efforts to counter climate change

United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres has said that the world’s efforts to stop climate change have been utterly inadequate so far.

There is a danger global warming could pass the point of no return. He was speaking before the start of a International Climate Conference in Madrid scheduled for today.

The U.N. Chief noted that the world has the scientific knowledge and the technical means to limit global warming, but the political will is lacking.

Mr Guterres said, he hoped the meeting in Madrid would see governments make more ambitious pledges ahead of a deadline to do so next year.

Delegates from almost 200 countries will try to put the finishing touches on the rules governing the 2015 Paris climate accord at the two-week meeting.

Govt. considering satellite mechanisms to monitor forestation

A satellite-based mechanism to monitor areas under green cover and the growth of saplings planted there is being developed by the government, Union Environment Minister PrakashJavadekar said on Saturday. The Environment minister said some states have made significant achievements in nurturing planted saplings to their full growth.

The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) funds to the tune of Rs 47,000 crore will be utilised for greening India, he said after a meeting with the forest ministers and officials of various states.

The minister said “very positive discussions” on issues like the use of CAMPA fund for forestation, water conservation, fodder augmentation and moisture management in the forests, besides the eradication of Lantana weed were held in the meeting.

In August this year, the Environment minister handed over Rs 47,436 crore of CAMPA funds to various states for the promotion of afforestation and achieving green objective of the country.

In the wake of under-utilisation of money for compensatory afforestation, the Supreme Court in 2001 had ordered for coming up with CAMPA fund.

In 2009, the Supreme Court permitted release of Rs 1,000 crore every year to the states and Union territories for compensatory afforestation and other activities.

Jnanpith Award

Context: Eminent Malayalam poet Akkitham has been chosen for 55th Jnanpith Award for the year 2019, Instituted in 1961.

Eligibility: Any Indian citizen who writes in any of the official languages of India is eligible for the honour.

Operation ‘Clean Art’

It is first pan India operation to crackdown on the smuggling of mongoose hair. Conceived by WCCB

Aim: To ensure that the mongoose hair brush trade should be closed down across the country.

Protection: Mongoose is listed in Schedule II Part 2 of the Wildlife Protection Act. Any smuggling or possession of its body part is a non-bailable offence.

Gurpreetsingh and Sunil Kumar wins national wrestling championships

In wrestling, Asian Championships silver medallists Gurpreet Singh and Sunil Kumar clinched gold medals on the final day of the senior national championships in Jalandhar yesterday.

Gurpreet defeated two-time world junior championships medallist SajanBhanwal, who was representing the Railways, by a 3-1 margin, in the 77 kilogram category. This was Punjab grappler’s fourth senior national title.

Sunil also managed an easy win over Punjab’s Prabhal. The Railway’s grappler used all his experience to crush the Punjab wrestler 5-1 in the 87 kg final. In the 55 kg category, Arjun, representing Services, won against Ajay by technical superiority.

Source: The Hindu/Indian Express/Times of India/PIB

The Hindu Newspaper today 23 October 2019

Sonia Gandhi meets Karnataka Congress leader D.K. Shivakumar in Tihar jail  

One in every six missing children from Bengal: NCRB

Paralympic champion Marieke Vervoort ends life by euthanasia

Deepavali rush: Monumental increase in omnibus fares

Mettur dam at full reservoir level thrice in three months

Politics Live | Sonia Gandhi meets Karnataka Congress leader D.K. Shivakumar in Tihar jail

Woman killed in house collapse in Chitradurga

MeT forecasts heavy rain in Telangana 

Sanjay Kumar launches Gandhi Sankalp yatra

Road accident deaths eight times more than murders in Andhra Pradesh

Politics Live | No question of constructing any detention centre in West Bengal: Mamata

Rains damage crops ready for harvesting in Telangana

No question of constructing any detention centre: Mamata

Only BJP is committed to people’s welfare, says Kanna Lakshminarayanan 

Good response to mega job mela in Karimnagar

Hong Kong government to withdraw bill that sparked protests

Development has taken a hit during BJP rule, says A.P. Congress leader Sailajanath

BSNL offers triple play services in Vizag

UEFA Champions League: Tottenham get shot of confidence as Liverpool trip looms 

Duping gold trader: 10 held

Former A.P. Minister Akhila Priya accuses police of foisting cases

Statue of former IAS officer Sankaran unveiled

Telangana Governor Tamilisai Sundararajan to worship at Tirumala

Latest Moon flyby finds no trace of India’s Chandrayaan-2 Vikram lander: NASA

Morning digest: Boris Johnson to pause Brexit legislation, NCRB says 30% jump in ‘crimes against state’, and more 

Transport workers in T.N. up in arms over Deepavali bonus

U.S. lawmakers grill State Department officials on extended curbs in Kashmir 

‘Worse than British rule’

Suspect whose case led to Hong Kong’s unrest leaves prison

ED custody of HDIL promoters extended

Media should be cautious while reporting suicide incidents’

Corporation Bank observes Linguistic Harmony Day

Here is a new way by which industry and academia seek to bridge the skill gap 

If I-T searches my house, it will find documents on BSY: HDK

Meet the white bellbird, the world’s loudest bird

Khaira withdraws resignation as MLA

BSP leaders garlanded with shoes, paraded on donkeys

Nagaland to act against officials who criticise govt. policies

Dhoni ‘riskiest’ celebrity to search online 

Corpn. School students receive Kalam’s book

Share financial burden of Kartarpur pilgrims: Dal Khalsa

Bank staff strike affects ₹350 crore businesses

Corporation goes in for app to combat dengue

Si’Tarc plans to set up solar panel testing facility

The woman behind building 5,000 toilets 

Board exam duration extended by 30 minutes

Sizzling Sterling bags hat-trick as Man City thumps Atlanta

When Omni buses loom ominously

Deepavali shops are here, so are the rains

Proteas paying the price for lack of vision

CPI (M) tackles crisis in Tripura’s tribal council, asserts support of majority

India vs South Africa | Pacers pull a fast one on visitors

Ganguly set to begin his new innings

Chennai city has a poor record on road safety

Smart watches to make Chennai Metro rides easier

Indian Express News today 23 October 2019

Kerala Lottery Today Results announced: First Prize worth is 70 Lakh!

Plea in HC says Gurmeet Ram Rahim ‘mentally harassed’ in jail  

Court orders FIR against Kathua rape investigators    

Humanitarian crisis in J&K…Pak has to act on terror: DC’s Delhi tightrope  

UP: Ayodhya Deepotsva gets ‘state fair’ status with 133 crore budget

Under scanner: Deal between Mirchi’s son and Bhushan Steel

15th Finance Commission meets UP CM: Panel flags economy, lauds decline in poverty

Kamlesh Tiwari killing: Trail littered with clues, prime suspects held

Apex court tears into CBI claims as it grants bail to Chidambaram

In Haryana, it’s advantage BJP — but on the ground, some fault lines are blurred

Ramachandra Guha declines paycheck for cricket stint

Assam announces two-child limit for jobs in govt

Shameful UP tops the list of crimes against women: Priyanka Gandhi Vadra

Senior officials skip meet, Governor asks if there is ‘censorship’ in Bengal  

No detention camps will be set up,  religion can’t be basis for citizenship: Mamata

Kamlesh Tiwari murder case: Bareilly cleric and Pilibhit youth detained for ‘speaking with accused’

Prachi demands security, says threat to her life

Kamlesh Tiwari murder hate posts: 32 FIRs filed, 10 held in three days

Rajasthan: Two BSP leaders paraded on donkey by party workers

Two girls escape from Motihari shelter home

Delhi HC bars Twitter, media from publishing on allegations against Luv Ranjan

MHA on NCRB report: Data on 25 categories withheld as it was unreliable  

In Sivakasi, fireworks makers say caught in green cracker haze

J&K govt employees to get salaries as per 7th Pay Commission from October 31

Kashmir situation, if not arrested, will have serious implications: Yusuf Tarigami

Signing of Kartarpur agreement deferred

JCO killed in Pakistan shelling in Nowshera

Home Ministry revokes NSA imposed on Ujjain adulterator

Pressure, there’s fear of Delhi… a Governor is very weak: Satya Pal Malik

J&K: Three militants killed in Avantipura

PMC Bank scam: ED gets custody of Wadhawan till tomorrow

Rajnath Singh: ‘Will give befitting reply to anyone who casts evil eye on India’  

Two-child policy in Indian states

Delhi HC seeks EC reply on plea over Tamang’s disqualification

Pankaj Kumar appointed CEO of UIDAI

Nobel laureate Abhijit Banerjee calls on PM Modi, gets red-carpet welcome in Kolkata

BJP leader Muniraju Gowda’s disqualification period reduced by poll panel

Officials skip meet again, Governor asks if there is ‘censorship’ in Bengal

Ex-BJP MLA Surendra Nath warns of massacre over ‘love jihad’, booked

Online banking and ATM fraud: Mumbai tops among 19 metros

Highest number of country’s death penalty convicts is in Maharashtra

Latest Bollywood Breaking News 22 October 2019 today

आज तक / मूवी मसाला

नच बलिए: आने वाले हफ्ते ये कपल होगा एलिमिनेट, शो को मिलेंगे टॉप 5 कंटेस्टेंट

स्मृति ईरानी ने निभाई ‘मौसी ड्यूटी’, एकता के बेटे के लिए लेकर आईं खास गिफ्ट

दिसंबर में पिता बनने वाले हैं करण पटेल, ऐसी चल रही तैयारियां

पोलिंग बूथ पहुंचकर भी वोट नहीं दे पाए संजय कपूर, ये है मामला

बिग बॉस 13 के सबसे फेवरेट कंटेस्टेंट बने असीम, सोशल मीडिया पर हो रहे ट्रेंड

बिग बॉस से बाहर हुए अबु मलिक, बोले- इस घर में डांस करना, चिल्लाना है जरूरी

ये रिश्ता में बाप-बेटे के रिश्ते में दरार, कार्तिक से नफरत करने लगेगा कायरव!

सांड की आंख: बहादुरी-इमोशन्स का दमदार मिक्सचर है तापसी-भूमि की फिल्म

बचपन में घर के पास वाले कब्रिस्तान जाया करते थे कादर खान, ये थी खास वजह

दिवाली से पहले मेगाक्लैश के लिए तैयार बॉलीवुड, जानिए कौन मारेगा बाजी?

नवभारत टाइम्स / बॉलीवुड & मनोरंजन

मिलिंद-अंकिता के हद से ज्यादा रोमांटिक फोटो

मंच से उतरते ही निक ने प्रियंका को किया किस

‘तानाजी’ में अब सैफ का फर्स्ट लुक हुआ रिलीज

लंदन में रणबीर कपूर की फीमेल फैन संग सेल्‍फी

मरजावां’ में केवल कैमियो निभा रही हैं रकुलप्रीत?

गाने की आत्मा को मारने जैसा है रीमिक्स’

‘तानाजी’ में अजय का लुक रिलीज होते ही छाया

‘वॉर’ ने तीसरे वीकेंड पर भी की धुंआधार कमाई

सोशल मीडिया पर लोगों ने अक्षय को किया ट्रोल

इस फिल्म में जैकी श्रॉफ की जगह महेश मांजरेकर

दबंग 3: सलमान ने सोनाक्षी को फिर से किया पेश

जाह्नवी की नई कार का श्रीदेवी से है कनेक्‍शन

गोलमाल अगेन’ स्‍टारकास्‍ट की मजेदार बातचीत

जब फराह की दावत में रितिक से मिलीं प्रीति जिंटा

फैंस से नहीं मिल पाए अमिताभ, मांग ली माफी

जल्द ही साथ शूटिंग करेंगे दीपिका और रणबीर?

जोकर’ का देसी वर्जन निभाना चाहते हैं आयुष्मान

दिशा ने शेयर कीं तस्‍वीरें, टाइगर पर आया सवाल

इम्तियाज, डेविड और करिश्‍मा पर बोलीं सारा

आलिया के अंडरवॉटर फोटोशूट पर फैन्स फिदा

करिश्मा ने शेयर किया अपना 90s का बोल्ड लुक

विडियो: पपराजी को तैमूर बोला ‘एक्सक्यूज मी’

विडियो: जब पपराजी को तैमूर बोला ‘एक्सक्यूज मी

जब रेखा ने बोला आलिया भट्ट का डायलॉग

जब कृति सैनन ने की अक्षय कुमार की पिटाई

शाहरुख खान ने खींची करण जौहर की टांग

The Times of India today news 22 October 2019

Fake: Not an Indian soldier getting bullet removed

Popular beauty queen detained at Philippines airport           

Social media linking: SC transfers pleas from HC        

When Abhijit Banerjee shared PM Modi’s joke      

Indian-Canadian Neta set to emerge as ‘kingmaker‘          

2 BSP leaders garlanded with shoes, paraded in Raj        

Ganguly has not spoken to me about Dhoni: Kohli       

Why Cong may be forced to dilute stand on J&K

Most-popular smartphone gets ‘made-in-India’ tag

PV Sindhu supports PM’s ‘Bharat Ki Laxmi’ movement

3rd Test Live: India all set for 3-0 series sweep

Donald Trump to celebrate Diwali at White House on Thursday

Top10: What’s new about next Parl session?

Pics: Celebs attend Manish Malhotra’s Diwali bash

Here’s what is special about ‘Dabangg 3’ trailer

Top10: What’s new about next Parliament session?

Amazon: Gadgets, lights for Diwali under Rs 999

Why at least one leopard dies in India every day 

Exit polls predict more trouble for Congress

Article 370 raised cost of biz in J&K: Jaishankar

VD Savarkar was a nationalist: Abhishek Singhvi

Didn’t refer to any J&K ex-CM: Ram Madhav

5-6% GDP growth is not terrible: Jamie Dimon

Court accepts CBI charge sheet against PC

Amit Shah roots for overworked police

NIT Srinagar abuzz on first day for new batch

Pak’s decision on postal services against norms’

Pak firm on Kartarpur fee, India agrees to pact

Norms to check internet misuse by Jan: Govt

The Hindu News Top Stories Today 22 October 2019

India should have only five permanent Test centres: Kohli     

Chennai’s Home brewed a new platform for original indie music   

Bolivia says Morales near outright victory, unrest spreads  

James Bond film ‘No Time to Die’ shooting three different endings

Nine prominent Delhi roads to be redesigned: Kejriwal

Former Tripura PWD Minister Badal Chowdhury arrested

Israel: Benjamin Netanyahu gives up effort to form new government

Ernakulam MP’s wife apologises for insensitive rape remark after uproar

SC-appointed CoA to demit office after elected office-bearers of BCCI takes charge 

Police to enquire into Manju Warrier’s complaint against director Shri kumar Menon  

Nayanthara and Katrina Kaif come together for promotional video

India consolidates top spot in World Test Championship table     

A positive take

CPI leaders including Ernakulam district Secretary P. Raju, legislator Eldho Abraham arrested 

How will Dhruva’s ‘Aditya Varma’ fare compared to ‘Kabir Singh’ and ‘Arjun Reddy’? 

Hover-taxi whizzes over Singapore, firm eyes Asian push

Netizens up in arms against insensitive rape remark by Ernakulam MP’s wife

Hues and shades

CPI leaders including Kochi district secretary P. Raju, legislator Eldho Abraham arrested

Bhartiya Kisan Union hits out at U.P. govt. for booking farmers over power dues

Be an iron woman

Supreme Court to examine whether Facebook, WhatsApp should give govt access to private chats

Modi says he had an ‘excellent’ meeting with Abhijit Banerjee

We have not fled the country, says Kalki Bhagavan, after I-T raids on his premises

Delhi roads to be redesigned, landscaped: Arvind Kejriwal

‘Gods of Dharmapuri’ web series presents actor Satya Dev in a new zone

Three workers injured in fire at cracker unit in Sivakasi

How will Dhruva’s ‘Aditya Varma’ compare to ‘Kabir Singh’ and ‘Arjun Reddy’?

Data: How was IRCTC’s debut on the stock market?

Why the Saptaparni is called the devil’s tree  

Bollywood actor Shamata Anchan in Rajinikanth ‘Darbar’ 

S.Korea says scrambled fighters after Russian warplanes violated air defence zone

Police to enquire into Manju Warrier’s complaint against director Sree kumar Menon

Modi meets Abhijit Banerjee, discusses various subjects

Govt. employees of J&K, Ladakh UTs to get salaries as per 7th Pay Commission from October 31

Six new lizard species found in Western Ghats

The story of Malcha Mahal

BBMP wants to start dumping waste at Mittaganahalli

Japan emperor to complete enthronement in ritual-bound ceremony

Malaysia, Indonesia to challenge EU biofuels law at WTO by end-2019

U.S. says it supports India’s objectives on repealing Article 370, but concerned over restrictions

Woman cross-examined in case against Tejpal

Morning Digest: SC to decide on Chidambaram’s bail plea today, exit polls predict a BJP victory in Assembly elections, and more

Neolithic petroglyphs crave for conservation

Nawaz Sharif’s son-in-law Capt (retd.) Safdar arrested in hate speech case

Deeply concerned over reports of human rights abuses, religious discrimination in Pakistan: U.S.9 

Many hydro-power projects could face closure

IRCTC to pay compensation after delayed run of Tejas

DAC clears indigenous projects worth ₹3,300 crore

DC asks parties to appoint booth agents for electoral roll revision

Facebook ramps up security efforts ahead of 2020 U.S. election

Several areas in Dharwad waterlogged

Police Commemoration Day held

Food safety officials inspect GH canteens

Uttar Pradesh tops in crimes against women, says NCRB report

Ex-MLA’s ‘missing’ daughter loses contact with lawyer

Abhishek Singhvi’s tweet on Savarkar sparks row

Sheffield United beats Arsenal 1-0 in Premier League

No rethink on ties with TDP: BJP

Workers demand Deepavali advance, settlement of dues

Hydropower projects could face closure

Nagaland recalls all police personnel on leave

Check rise in caste atrocities in schools, says Adi Tamilar Peravai

Applicants for government college posts in a tight spot

Polling booths on ground floor come in handy for many

Take pride in having taken part in Keeladi excavation: Su. Venkatesan

Army expects rise in infiltration bids in Tangdhar sector

No takers for Gayle and Malinga in The Hundred draft

T.N. tops in reporting grave crimes against senior citizens

Rapinoe named but Modric, Neymar miss out on Ballon D’Or shortlist

Sindhu looks to snap run of early exits

Indian Express News today 22 October 2019

PM joked about media trying to trap me into saying ‘anti-Modi’ things: Abhijit Banerjee

Watch: Army defuses three mortar shells along LoC in Poonch

PM joked about media trying to trap me into saying ‘anti-Modi’ things: Abhishek Banerjee

Kerala Sthree Sakthi Lottery SS-180 Today Results announced: First prize worth is 70 Lakh!

Madras HC: Must always believe child rape victim’s testimony

Exit polls call it for the BJP: NDA set to sweep Maharashtra and Haryana

NCRB leaves out data on lynchings, Khap and religious killings

Distress signal: Share of youngest workers in NREG begins to rise

Kamlesh Tiwari killing: Suspect forged Aadhaar card to enter his party fold

Internet disrupting democratic polity, new rules in 3 months: Govt

Siachen area now open to tourists, says Rajnath Singh

Action taken in Dussehra 2018 train tragedy, says Amarinder Singh 

Penniless, under debt, Mexico deportees stare at uncertain future

Tarun Tejpal trial: Defence lawyers start cross-examination of victim

Supreme Court stays trial in Chhattisgarh sex CD case

Kartarpur corridor: Harsimrat slams Pakistan for $20 fee, asks Punjab government to bear it

Kamlesh Tiwari murder: Nagpur suspect gave passage to killers, says ATS

Heavy rain lashes parts of Kerala, IMD issues red alert for five districts

Muslims should hand over all disputed sites to Hindus: UP Shia Waqf Board chief

Madhya Pradesh HC frowns on changes to honey trap SIT

US Congress panel to discuss Jammu and Kashmir today

At hamlet near LoC, 16-year calm shattered in one night

After Army strike, J&K Governor asks Pak to behave

Indo-US trade: Piyush Goyal says contours of deal worked out

Pakistan troops violate ceasefire in Poonch

Digvijay Singh suggests new system of counting votes

Kartarpur pact tomorrow, India asks Pakistan to scrap $20 fee

How Bihar PSC cleaned its act: Codes, late choices

No stay on construction of Aarey metro shed: Supreme Court

Kamlesh Tiwari Murder: Police trail ‘killer duo’ to Bareilly town, announce Rs 2.5 lakh award

Gujarat Confidential: Bonus Vacation

INX Media case: Court takes cognizance of charge sheet

Bengaluru: Mechanic held for killing ex-V-C

Gujarat has highest number of Pakistani undertrial prisoners in India: NCRB 

Shun Malaysia, India’s palm oil buyers told amid Kashmir standoff 

‘English-speaking liberal media’ didn’t present ‘fair picture’ on Art 370: Jaishankar

Chinmayananda writes to UP Police, wants law student booked under Gangster Act   

Exponential rise in hate speech, fake news and anti-national activities due to internet: Centre to SC

Murder case of Unnao rape survivor’s father: Court pulls up CBI for submitting incomplete evidence

Moderate turnout in bypolls to 51 assembly and 2 Lok Sabha seats, rains mar polling in Kerala

PM mementos auction date extended once again  

SC to pronounce verdict on Chidambaram’s bail plea in INX Media corruption case

Siachen area in Ladakh now opens for tourists: Rajnath Singh

Siachen area now opens for tourism: Rajnath Singh

If Pakistan doesn’t end terror activities, Army will go deep inside: J&K Governor

Evening news briefing: Maharashtra, Haryana polls ends, SC on Mumbai’s Aarey trees and more

J&K: Day after India destroyed terror camps, Pakistan violates ceasefire in Poonch

Over 75% of Indians have personal wealth below $10,000: Report

Sadhvi Pragya calls Mahatma Gandhi ‘son of soil’, says she follows his footsteps

Kerala: Student, critically injured after hammer fell on his head during athletics meets dies

Kartarpur agreement to be signed on October 23: MEA

Kerala records ‘excess’ rainfall in October so far, red alert in five districts on Tuesday

Pakistan stopping postal mail to India violates international norms: Ravi Shankar Prasad

Kerala Win Win Lottery W-535 Today Results announced: First prize is worth Rs 65 lakh!

Not stopping Aarey metro shed, interim order against tree felling to continue: Supreme Court

In a first, IRCTC to pay Rs 1.62 lakh compensation for Tejas Express’ delay

Kerala state Win Win Lottery W-535 Today Results: Winner to take home Rs 65 lakh!

Don’t subscribe to his ideology but Savarkar an accomplished man: Abhishek Singhvi

BSNL CMD expects revival plan to be in public domain within a month

Savarkar an accomplished man, played part in freedom struggle: Congress leader Abhishek Singhvi

Parliament Winter Session to be shorter this year      

Kerala Win Lottery W-535 Today Results: Winner to take home Rs 65 lakh!

Supreme Court stays trial against Chhattisgarh CM Bhupesh Baghel in ‘sex CD case’

The Times of India News 21 October 2019

X-factors in Maha polls: 40 BJP-Sena rebels in fray

High stakes for 4 satraps in fight for 90 Haryana seats

3rd Test Live: SA 129/6 at lunch on Day 3

‘Infosys is dressing up books to boost numbers’

Infosys accused of dressing books to boost numbers

IIT Kharagpur to start MBBS course in 2021-22

Plastic bag used for garlands, DM fines MP principal

3rd Test Live: Spinners rattle SA before lunch

Bizman snatches chains to offset betting losses

Lady Gaga’s Sanskrit tweet takes internet by storm

3rd Test Live: Zubayr Hamza hits fighting fifty

WATCH: Shooters come to blows at Karni range

Heavy rain lashes Kerala, voting disrupted

X-factors in Maha polls: Fear of low turnout, 40 BJP-Sena rebels in fray

South industry neglected at PM’s meet: Khushbu

3rd Test Live: Umesh removes Du Plessis early

Srinidhi Shetty to make her Tamil debut

6 issues that may shape Maharashtra elections

Amazon Diwali sale: Gadgets at Rs 499 or less

3rd Test Live: India eye further control on Day 3

6 issues that may shape voting in Maharashtra polls

Live score 3rd Test, Day 3: India vs South Africa

Maharashtra assembly elections: Highlights

Haryana assembly elections: Highlights

Top10: Should India bothered about its IMF quota?

‘Smartest’ thing richest man did at Amazon

Bypolls live: Polling under way in 51 seats

Actresses who flaunted their baby bumps in style

Assembly polls live: Voting under way in Maharashtra, Haryana

Corals come back to life in India

Bypolls live: Voting on in 51 assembly seats

NDA, Oppn in first electoral face-off since LS polls

By-elections 2019 live updates: Polling under way in 51 assembly constituencies of 17 states

Live: Voting under way in Maha, Haryana assembly polls

Live: Voting begins in Maha and Haryana

Live: Voting to begin in Maha and Haryana at 7am

Forty thousand run Airtel Delhi Half Marathon 2019

27 legislators raise flag, paint JD(S) first family in a corner

Collegium judges had no issue with work process 

Buzz of ‘generational makeover’ in Congress

IMD to launch app on weather forecasts

‘Detained former CMs of J&K inciting people’

‘Ayodhya ruling must uphold constitutional values’

Google Photos: How iPhone users get more space

DGCA probe finds ‘alarming practices’ by airlines

Less than a quarter of ROVs cast vote in LS polls