Economics Optional for UPSC IAS Mains & State PSC Exams

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Unacademy Mrunal Economy 2020 Notes Part 1 to 14 Complete PDF

Baliyans IAS Gist of Economic Survey 2019 Volume 1 and 2 PDF

Vision IAS Gist of Economic Survey 2019 Volume 1 and 2 PDF

GS Score Gist of Economic Survey 2019 Volume 1 PDF

Unacademy Mrunal Economy Notes

Sriram IAS Indian Economy PDF

Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh 10th Edition Updated PDF

The decision of selection of the optional paper for IAS exam is an age old dilemma for Civil Services aspirants. As per the latest syllabus, the number of optional subjects to be selected is reduced to one, but aspirants are still confused if they make right choice or not. Though the weightage of the optional paper is only 500 marks out of 2025 marks as per the latest pattern of UPSC Civil Services exam, it is still a deciding factor in the final ranks due to the unpredictability associated with General Studies Papers (1000 marks  GS + 250 marks essay) and Interview (275 marks).

If we analyse the question papers and mark-list of last 5-10 years of UPSC Civil Services Exams, we can collect a lot interesting and valuable data. The UPSC questions have evolved and now the bias is more towards current related aspects of polity, economy, international relations etc than conventional topics. (Please also keep in mind that there is no guarantee by UPSC that the case will remain the same for future exams!) Due to high standard of questions and valuation, the marks scored by top candidates are coming down every year. The percentage of top ranks in IAS exam has come down from 58-60% in 3-4 years back to 50%, while the last rank of a successful candidate in General category is around 40% marks.

KALESHWARAM PROJECT

Recently, Telangana government inaugurated world’s largest multi-stage lift irrigation scheme namely Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project Phase I.

About               

The Kaleshwaram Lift Irrigation Project (KLIP) is a multi-purpose irrigation project on the Godavari River in Kaleshwaram, Telangana. The cost of this project is around Rs. 80,500 cr.

  • This project is an off-shoot of the original Pranahitha-Chevella Lift Irrigation Scheme taken up by the Congress government in 2007 when Andhra Pradesh was not divided.
  • After the formation of Telangana in 2014, the Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS) government redesigned the project on the ground that the original plan had too many environmental obstacles and had very low water storage provision.
  • With the help of highly advanced Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) survey and study of flows in Godavari at different locations, the government separated the original project into two projects- Pranahitha project and Kaleshwaram project.

Aim of KLIP

  • The main target of this project is to harness the flood waters of the Godavari River so that Telangana can be made drought-proof.
  • Under this project, water of the Godavari will be tapped by reverse pumping and storage which would raise the water level in the whole state and that will lead to refill thousands of tanks, providing water for industries and supplying drinking water to Hyderabad and Secunderabad by creating a series of storage tanks and a network of pipelines.
  • This project has been designed to meet 70% drinking water requirement of the state and to irrigate 45 lakh acres of land for two crops in a year.
  • This project will support Mission Bhagiratha and Mission Kakatiya, which were designed to provide drinking water to many villages and improve the capacities of tanks in the Telangana.

Features of KLIP

  • It has the longest tunnel to carry water in Asia, running up to 81 km, between the Yellampally barrage and the Mallannasagar reservoir.
  • The project would also utilise the highest capacity pumps, up to 139 MW, in the country to lift water.
  • This project has provision for the storage of about 148 tmc ft with plans of utilising 180 tmc ft by lifting atleast 2 tmc ft water every day for 90 flood days.
  • The project is designed to irrigate 7,38,851 hectares (over 18.47 lakh acres) uplands in the erstwhile districts of Karimnagar, Nizamabad, Warangal, Medak, Nalgonda and Ranga Reddy.
  • This is the first time the water of the river Godavari has been lifted to the height of 92 meters for the agricultural irrigation and for water supply. The maximum height of this water lifting is 618 meters in Kondapochamma (Telanagana).
Mission Kakatiya
It is a flagship programme launched by the Government of Telangana.The objective of this mission is to enhance the development of agriculture based income for small and marginal farmers, by accelerating the development of minor irrigation infrastructure, strengthening community based irrigation management and adopting a comprehensive programme for restoration of tanks.

Mission Bhagiratha
It is a project for safe drinking water for every village and city household in Telangana.The main aim of this mission is to ensure safe and sustainable PIPED drinking water supply from surface water sources and to provide each household with a tap connection.

Light Detection and Ranging    
LiDAR is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating the target with pulsed laser light and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor. Differences in laser return times and wavelengths can then be used to make digital 3-D representations of the target.LiDAR sometimes is called 3D laser scanning, a special combination of a 3D scanning and laser scanning. It has terrestrial, airborne, and mobile applications. LiDAR is commonly used to make high-resolution maps, with applications in geodesy, geomatics, archaeology, geography, geology, geomorphology, seismology, forestry, atmospheric physics, laser guidance, airborne laser swath mapping (ALSM), and laser altimetry. The technology is also used in control and navigation for some autonomous cars.

General Studies of Rajasthan-All in One

UPSC IAS Prelims Exam – 2020

UPSC IAS Mains Exam – 2019

RPSC RAS Prelims Exam

RPSC RAS Mains Exam

General Knowledge

Current Affairs

General Studies of Rajasthan-All in OneCurrent Affairs Quarterly (June-August) 2019 Study Magazine in HindiCurrent Affairs Yearbook 2019-Polity and Governance Special Issue 
Geography and Environment-Current Affairs 2019 Yearbook Special Issue  Current Affairs Rajasthan Yearbook 2019 For RPSC and RSMSSB ExamsCurrent Affairs Question Bank March-July 2019
Current Affairs Study Notes January-August 2019HSSC Haryana Police Constable 2019-20 Solved Test PaperHSSC Clerk Recruitment Exam 2019-20 Practice Solved Test Paper  
Half Yearly Current Affairs Question Bank: January – July 2019Electrical Engineering Objective Question Bank for All Competitive Exams500+ Current Affairs MCQ for All Competitive Exams 2019  
UPSC IAS Prelims last 10 years solved questions GS Paper-IEconomy of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes with Practice MCQAdministrative Ethics-RPSC RAS Mains Exam GS Paper-2  
UPSC IAS Mains Exam GS Paper-IV Ethics Integrity and Aptitude Complete Study Notes  RPSC RAS Mains Exam GS Paper-2 Study NotesRPSC RAS Mains Exam GS Paper-I Study Notes
UPSC IAS Mains GS Paper-3 Study Notes with Practice QuestionsRevision Notes: Environment and EcologyIAS Prelims 2020: Art and Culture Revision Notes    
UPSC IAS Mains Exam GS Paper-2 Complete Study Notes  Geography of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes- HindiRPSC RAS Mains Art and Culture Practice Solved Question
UPSC IAS Mains Exam GS Paper-I Complete Study Notes with Practice Questions  Art Culture and Heritage of Rajasthan Complete Study NotesHistory of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes
Polity and Administration of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes Geography of Rajasthan Study notes with MCQ2000 Solved MCQ for IAS Preliminary Exam 2020:GS Paper-I
RPSC RAS Mains Exam Practice Solved Test-3  RAS MAIN EXAM PRACTICE  TEST-2RPSC RAS Mains Exam Practice Solved Test-1
Polity & Administration of Rajasthan Solved Practice Question  RAS MAINS EXAM ECONOMY SOLVED QUESTIONSGeography of Rajasthan Solved Question for RPSC RAS Mains Exam
History Of India Practice Question Bank  Indian Polity Question Bank eBookGeography of India Question Bank

Geographical Indication (GI)

The Geographical Indication (GI) under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade has recently registered 4 new GIs.

These latest additions to the list of registered GIs are:

  • Palani Panchamirtham from Tamil Nadu,
  • Tawlhlohpuan and Mizo Puanchei from Mizoram and
  • Tirur Betel leaf from Kerala

Geographical Indication (GI):

GI is an indication used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.

  • Such a name conveys an assurance of quality and distinctiveness which is essentially attributable to its origin in that defined geographical locality.

Palani Panchamirtham:

  • It is an abishega Prasadam, from Palani Town in Dindigul District of Tamil Nadu.
  • It is one of the main offerings in the Abisegam of Lord Dhandayuthapani Swamy, the presiding deity of Arulmigu Dhandayuthapaniswamy Temple, situated in Palani Hills.
  • It is a combination of five natural substances, namely, banana, jaggery sugar, cow ghee, honey and cardamom in a definite proportion.
  • It is prepared in a natural method without addition of any preservatives or artificial ingredients and is well known for its religious fervour and gaiety.
  • This is the first time a temple ‘prasadam’ from Tamil Nadu has been bestowed with the GI tag.

Tawlhlohpuan:

  • It is a medium to heavy, compactly woven, good quality fabric from Mizoram.
  • It is known for warp yarns, warping, weaving & intricate designs that are made by hand.
  • Tawlhloh, in Mizo language, means ‘to stand firm or not to move backward’.
  • Tawlhlohpuan, which holds high significance in the Mizo society, is produced throughout the state of Mizoram.
  • Aizawl and Thenzawl towns are the main centres of production.

Mizo Puanchei:

  • It is a colourful Mizo shawl, from Mizoram, which is considered as the most colourful among the Mizo textiles.
  • It is an essential possession for every Mizo lady and an important marriage outfit in the state.
  • It is also the most commonly used costume in Mizo festive dances and official ceremonies.
  • The weavers insert the designs and motifs by using supplementary yarns while weaving to create this beautiful and alluring textile.

Tirur betel:

  • This is a vine from Kerala, which is mainly cultivated in Tirur, Tanur, Tirurangadi, Kuttippuram, Malappuram and Vengara block panchayaths of Malappuram District.
  • It is valued both for its mild stimulant action and medicinal properties.
  • Even though it is commonly used for making pan masala for chewing, it has many medicinal, industrial and cultural usages and is considered as a remedy for bad breath and digestive disorders.

General Studies of Rajasthan-All in One

UPSC IAS Prelims Exam – 2020

UPSC IAS Mains Exam – 2019

RPSC RAS Prelims Exam

RPSC RAS Mains Exam

General Knowledge

Current Affairs

General Studies of Rajasthan-All in OneCurrent Affairs Quarterly (June-August) 2019 Study Magazine in HindiCurrent Affairs Yearbook 2019-Polity and Governance Special Issue 
Geography and Environment-Current Affairs 2019 Yearbook Special Issue  Current Affairs Rajasthan Yearbook 2019 For RPSC and RSMSSB ExamsCurrent Affairs Question Bank March-July 2019
Current Affairs Study Notes January-August 2019HSSC Haryana Police Constable 2019-20 Solved Test PaperHSSC Clerk Recruitment Exam 2019-20 Practice Solved Test Paper  
Half Yearly Current Affairs Question Bank: January – July 2019Electrical Engineering Objective Question Bank for All Competitive Exams500+ Current Affairs MCQ for All Competitive Exams 2019  
UPSC IAS Prelims last 10 years solved questions GS Paper-IEconomy of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes with Practice MCQAdministrative Ethics-RPSC RAS Mains Exam GS Paper-2  
UPSC IAS Mains Exam GS Paper-IV Ethics Integrity and Aptitude Complete Study Notes  RPSC RAS Mains Exam GS Paper-2 Study NotesRPSC RAS Mains Exam GS Paper-I Study Notes
UPSC IAS Mains GS Paper-3 Study Notes with Practice QuestionsRevision Notes: Environment and EcologyIAS Prelims 2020: Art and Culture Revision Notes    
UPSC IAS Mains Exam GS Paper-2 Complete Study Notes  Geography of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes- HindiRPSC RAS Mains Art and Culture Practice Solved Question
UPSC IAS Mains Exam GS Paper-I Complete Study Notes with Practice Questions  Art Culture and Heritage of Rajasthan Complete Study NotesHistory of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes
Polity and Administration of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes Geography of Rajasthan Study notes with MCQ2000 Solved MCQ for IAS Preliminary Exam 2020:GS Paper-I
RPSC RAS Mains Exam Practice Solved Test-3  RAS MAIN EXAM PRACTICE  TEST-2RPSC RAS Mains Exam Practice Solved Test-1
Polity & Administration of Rajasthan Solved Practice Question  RAS MAINS EXAM ECONOMY SOLVED QUESTIONSGeography of Rajasthan Solved Question for RPSC RAS Mains Exam
History Of India Practice Question Bank  Indian Polity Question Bank eBookGeography of India Question Bank