Environment

Golden Peacock Environment Management (GPEM) Award 2020

Indian state-owned steel making company Steel Authority of India Ltd has been awarded with Golden Peacock Environment Management award 2020 (GPEM) in the steel sector. The GPEM award was given for its efforts in adopting various environmental measures like upgrading pollution control facilities, treatment and recirculation of wastewater from individual units and outfalls, enhancement in green cover and efficient …

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UPSC IAS Prelims Strategy for Environment and Biodiversity

The UPSC exam format has changed since 2011 and there is a significant weightage given to the Environment and biodiversity section ever since. It has become particularly crucial since the UPSC exam of 2013 when the Prelims of Indian Forest Service and Indian Civil Service were merged together. Almost 30-33% of the questions are in one way …

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UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2021 Important topics: Blue Flag’ Certification

India Becomes First Nation to Get 8 ‘Blue Flag’ Beaches in a Row The eight beaches are: Shivrajpur in Gujarat Ghoghla in Daman & Diu Kasarkod beach in Karnataka Padubidri beach in Karnataka Kappad in Kerala Rushikonda in Andhra Pradesh Golden beach of Odisha Radhanagar beach of Andaman & Nicobar Islands. Most Important UPSC IAS …

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UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2020: Check Important Questions to Study for Preparation of Environment & Ecology

most important questions and answers on Environment & Ecology from UPSC (IAS) Prelims previous year papers (2017-2019). These questions can be solved to test your preparation for the UPSC CSE General Studies Paper-1.  UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2020 is scheduled for October 4, 2020. Aspirants are meticulously preparing to qualify the first stage of the IAS …

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India-UN Development Partnership Fund

It is a dedicated facility within the United Nations Fund for South-South Cooperation established in 2017. It is supported and led by the Government of India. It is managed by the United Nations Office for South-South Cooperation. It is implemented in collaboration with the United Nations system. The Fund project portfolio aims to contribute to …

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India develops World’s Largest Solar Tree

The CSIR-CMERI operating under the Ministry of Science and Technology has developed world largest solar tree. The tree has an annual capacity of generating 12,000 to 14,000 units of Clean and Green power. Highlights The Solar Tree has been designed in such a way that maximum exposure of each Solar Photo Voltaic Panel is achieved. …

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Landslide Susceptibility mapping of Himalayas

The scientists from the Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology operating under the Department of Science and Technology carried out a study covering 84 square kilometres in the Lesser Himalayas. According to the study, 15% of the region is highly susceptible to landslides. Highlights Mussoorie in Uttarakhand witnessed several landslides recently. The increase in the disaster …

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Mauritius Oil Spill: India deputes 10-member specialist team under Mission SAGAR

On August 16, 2020, India sent 30 tonnes of technical equipment and material to Mauritius. The country is fighting to contain an oil spill that occurred in its pristine south-east coast. Highlights India has deployed a 10-member Indian Coast Guard team under Mission SAGAR to contain oil spill. Earlier in August 2020, a Japanese bulk …

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NTPC develops infrastructure for increased use of Fly Ash

The National Thermal Power corporation developed infrastructure at Rihand project in Uttar Pradesh to transport fly ash to cement plants at cheaper cost. Highlights The infrastructure is being developed to help NTPC achieve its goal of 100% utilisation of fly ash from power plants. This will enable power plants to upgrade the utilisation of fly …

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PM Modi launches Project Lion, Project Dolphin during I-Day celebrations

On August 15, 2020, PM Modi launched Project Lion and Project Dolphin during his speech at the 74th Independence Day celebrations. Highlights Project Lion is to involve conservation of Asiatic Lions. It will focus on habitat development by engaging modern technologies. Also, the project is to address Human-Wildlife conflict. It will involve local communities living closer …

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“Elephants. Not Commodities” Report: 200 elephants in India are in inadequate conditions

The International Animal Welfare Organization, World Animal Protection on the eve of World Elephant Day (August 12) released its report, “Elephants. Not Commodities”. According to the report, over 200 elephants in India are kept in severe inadequate conditions. Highlights The report researches on Elephant Tourism in the countries such as India, Thailand, Laos, Nepal, Cambodia, …

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77 new species of butterfly found in Maharashtra

The study conducted by Bombay Natural History Society has found 77 new species of butterflies in the ecologically sensitive forest of Matheran hill station in Mumbai. With this the total number of butterfly species in the forest has gone up to 140. Highlights Matheran hill station is spread over 214 square kilo metres and is …

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SURAKHSYA: National Portal of “Project Elephant” launched

On August 10, 2020, the Union Environment Minister Prakash Javadekar launched National Portal on Human Elephant conflict called “SURAKHSYA”. The portal aims to collect real time information and will also manage conflicts on real time basis. Highlights The National Portal was launched during the celebration of international annual event World Elephant Day. The World Elephant Day is …

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Arabian Sea Humpback Whale

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains III – Environment and Biodiversity; Conservation; Endangered species  Basic info:   IUCN status – Least Concern   Found – Around the world   The humpback whale is one of the four species of baleen whales occurring in Indian waters and it is one of the least studied species in India.  Do you know?  …

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Sonneratia alba

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains III – Environment and Biodiversity; Conservation; Endangered species  Context:  Maharashtra first Indian state to declare state mangrove tree as symbol of conservation  Maharashtra State Board for Wildlife (SBWL) cleared a proposal to declare Sonneratia alba as the State mangrove tree and approved a recovery programme for the Arabian Sea Humpback Whale.  Benefits:  The move helps to enhance conservation …

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Delhi’s E-Vehicle Policy

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains III – Environment and Pollution; Green initiatives; Sustainable development  Context:  Delhi government launched Electric Vehicle Policy  It aims to ensure 25% of the newly registered vehicles in Delhi by the year 2024 we e-vehicles  Benefits:  Boost the city’s economy  Reduces pollution levels  Generates employment in the transport sector  Measures taken …

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Envistats India 2020 report

The National Statistical Office recently released the Envistats India 2020 report. The report says that the number of heat wave days in 2019 increased over 80%. The report was prepared by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. The National Statistical Office (NSO) operates under this ministry. Key Findings of the report The average number …

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Indian pangolin

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains III – Conservation; Endangered Species  In news:  Telangana Forest Department has exposed the rampant poaching of pangolins in the forests of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.  Three to four kilograms of pangolin scales were seized, for seized from the gang, for which three to five animals might have been killed.  Do you know?  Recently, …

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First Snow Leopard Conservation Centre of India

The Uttarakhand State Government is to develop India’s first Snow Leopard Conservation centre of India. The centre is to be developed by the Uttarakhand forest department and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). Highlights The main aim of the centre is to conserve and restore Himalayan ecosystems. It also aims to conserve elusive snow leopards …

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NGT brings strict conditions for commercial use of ground water

The National Green Tribunal (NGT) has set stringent conditions for commercial groundwater use. The order came on a plea seeking direction to check depleting groundwater level in the country. NGT has also struck down the Central Ground Water Authority’s (CGWA) 2020 guidelines, saying they were against the law. The 2018 version of the guidelines had been struck down by the …

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