Haryana GK Yearbook 2020: It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Haryana Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for HPSC State PSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. Haryana Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020
Haryana Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like HPSC and Other Haryana State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020
Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Haryana based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.
Why should you buy this Book?
Haryana GK Yearbook 2020: Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, HPSC and Other PSC exams and across the State.
Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting.
Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Haryana General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020
Haryana Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020
1. Introduction of Haryana (Static GK)
2. Current Affairs (whole year)
3. Practice MCQ
Introduction of Haryana
Haryana is one of the 28 states in India, located in northern part of the country. It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on linguistic as well as on cultural basis. It is ranked 22nd in terms of area with less than 1.4% (44,212 km2) of India’s land area. Chandigarh is the state capital, Faridabad in National Capital Region is the most populous city of the state and Gurugram is a leading financial hub of NCR with major Fortune 500 companies located in it. Haryana has 6 administrative divisions, 22 districts, 72 sub-divisions, 93 revenue tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils, 140 community development blocks, 154 cities and towns, 6,848 villages and 6222 villages’ panchayats.
|1||Total Area||44,212 km 2 (17,070 sq mi)|
|3||The rank of the state||
Area wise:- 21st|
Population wise:- 18th
|4||Population Density||573/km2 (1,480/sq mi)|
|5||State Bounded By||Himachal Pradesh from North Uttrakhand from North East Rajasthan from the South U.P and Delhi from East Punjab from North West|
|6||Soil & Minerals||Alluvial Soil|
|7||Major Crops||Wheat Rice Sugarcane Cotton Legume|
|8||Forest Area||1586 Sq. km|
|9||Climate||arid to semi-arid|
|10||Major Flora||Mulberry, Eucalyptus, Pine, Keekar|
|11||Major Fauna||Black Buck, nilgai, fox, Panther|
Among the world’s oldest and largest ancient civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization sites at Rakhigarhi village in Hisar district and Bhirrana in Fatehabad district are 9,000 years old. Rich in history, monuments, heritage, flora and fauna, human resources and tourism with well developed economy, national highways and state roads, it is bordered by Himachal Pradesh to the north-east, by river Yamuna along its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh, by Rajasthan to the west and south, and Ghaggar-Hakra River flows along its northern border with Punjab. Since Haryana surrounds the country’s capital Delhi on three sides (north, west and south), consequently a large area of Haryana is included in the economically-important National Capital Region for the purposes of planning and development. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020
Ancient bronze and stone idols of Jain Tirthankara were found in archaeological expeditions in Badli, Bhiwani, Dadri, Gurgaon (Ferozepur Jhirka), Hansi, Hisar, Kasan, Nahad, Narnaul, Pehowa, Rewari, Rohad, Rohtak and Sonepat in Haryana.
After the sack of Bhatner fort during the Timurid conquests of India in 1398, Timur attacked and sacked the cities of Sirsa, Fatehabad, Sunam, Kaithal and Panipat. When he reached the town of Sarsuti (Sirsa), the residents, who were mostly non-Muslims, fled and were chased by a detachment of Timur’s troops, with thousands of them being killed and looted by the troops.
From there he travelled to Fatehabad, whose residents fled and a large number of those remaining in the town were massacred. The Ahirs resisted him at Ahruni but were defeated, with thousands being killed and many being taken prisoners while the town was burnt to ashes. From there he travelled to Tohana, whose Jat inhabitants were stated to be robbers according to Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi. They tried to resist but were defeated and fled. Timur’s army pursued and killed 200 Jats, while taking many more as prisoners. He then sent a detachment to chase the fleeing Jats and killed 2,000 of them while their wives and children were enslaved and their property plundered. Timur proceeded to Kaithal whose residents were massacred and plundered, destroying all villages along the way. On the next day, he came to Assandh whose residents were “fire-worshippers” according to Yazdi, and had fled to Delhi. Next, he travelled to and subdued Tughlaq pur fort and Salwan before reaching Panipat whose residents had already fled. He then marched on to Loni fort. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020
Haryana as a state came into existence on 1 November 1966 the Punjab Reorganisation Act (1966). The Indian government set up the Shah Commission under the chairmanship of Justice JC Shah on 23 April 1966 to divide the existing state of Punjab and determine the boundaries of the new state of Haryana after consideration of the languages spoken by the people. The commission delivered its report on 31 May 1966 whereby the then-districts of Hisar, Mahendragarh, Gurgaon, Rohtak and Karnal were to be a part of the new state of Haryana. Further, the tehsils of Jind and Narwana in the Sangrur district — along with Naraingarh, Ambala and Jagadhri — were to be included. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020
The commission recommended that the tehsil of Kharad, which includes Chandigarh, the state capital of Punjab, should be a part of Haryana. However, only a small portion of Kharad was given to Haryana. The city of Chandigarh was made a union territory, serving as the capital of both Punjab and Haryana.
Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. It is between 27°39′ to 30°35′ N latitude and between 74°28′ and 77°36′ E longitude. The total geographical area of the state is 4.42 m ha, which is 1.4% of the geographical area of the country. The altitude of Haryana varies between 700 and 3600 ft above sea level. Haryana has only 4% (compared to national 21.85%) area under forests. Karoh Peak, a 1,467-metre tall mountain peak in the Sivalik Hills range of the greater Himalayas range located near Morni Hill area of Panchkula district, is highest point in Haryana.
The Yamuna-Ghaggar plain forming the largest part of the state is also called Delhi doab consisting of Sutlej-Ghaggar doab (between Sutlej in north in Punjab and Ghaggar river flowing through northern Haryana), Ghaggar-Hakra doab (between Ghaggar river and Hakra or Drishadvati river which is the palaeochannels of the holy Sarasvati River) and Hakra-Yamuna doab (between Hakra river and Yamuna). The Lower Shivalik Hills to the northeast in foothills of Himalaya, The Bagar tract semi-desert dry sandy plain to the south-west. See also: Bangar and Khadir. The Aravali Range’s northernmost low rise isolated non-continuous outcrops in the south. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020
Forest cover in the state in 2013 was 3.59% (1586 km2) and the Tree Cover in the state was 2.90% (1282 km2), giving a total forest and tree cover of 6.49%. In 2016-17, 18,412 hectares were brought under tree cover by planting 14.1 million seedlings. Thorny, dry, deciduous forest and thorny shrubs can be found all over the state. During the monsoon, a carpet of grass covers the hills. Mulberry, eucalyptus, pine, kikar, shisham and babul are some of the trees found here. The species of fauna found in the state of Haryana include black buck, nilgai, panther, fox, mongoose, jackal and wild dog. More than 450 species of birds are found in Haryana;
Historical events of Haryana
|1.||Founded on||1st November 1966|
|2.||Also Known As||“The land of God”|
|3.||Ruled By||Maurya, Mughals and Afghans|
|4.||Major Historical Events||The First Battle of Panipat in 1526 (Babur defeated the Lodis). The Second Battle of Panipat in 1556 (The local Haryanvi Hindu Emperor of Delhi was defeated by Akbar) The Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 (The Afghan king Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas).|
|Khwaja Khizr Tomb||Sonipat|
|Dehra Temple||Ferozepur Jhirka|
|Pranpir Badshah’s Tomb||Hisar|
|Asigarh Fort (Char Qutub Dargah)||Hansi|
|Firoz Shah Palace Complex(Jahaj Kothi)||Hisar|
|Tomb of Sheikh Tayyab||Kaithal|
|Harsh Ka Tilla||Kurukshetra|
|Mosque of Pir Turkman and Tomb||Narnaul|
|Shobha Sagar Talab||Narnaul|
|Chatta Rai Bal Mukund Das||Narnaul|
|Mirza Alijan’s Takhat and Baoli||Narnaul, Mahendergarh|
|Sugh Ancient Mound||Yamunanagar|
|Mugal Kos Minar||Sonipat|
|Shahjahan Ki Baoli||Rohtak|
|Ibrahim Lodi’s Tomb||Panipat|
|Kabuli Bagh Mosque||Panipat|
|Narnaul Jal Mahal||Narnaul|
|Sheikh Chilli’s Tomb||Thanesar|
|Karnal Cantonment Church Tower||Karnal|
|Gharuanda Gateways of Old Mughal Sarai||Gharaunda|
Major River and Dams
|Dangri||Hathni Kund Barrage|
Demo – Current Affairs
Atal Bhujal Yojana gets Cabinet Approval
Haryana Police adopts unique barcoding software ‘Trakea’
“National Organic Festival of Women Entrepreneurs”
Integrated Command and Control Centre inaugurated in Haryana
NuGen Mobility Summit-2019 being held in Haryana
Haryana Government sets up new Foreign Cooperation Department
Bhavantar Bharpayee Yojna Scheme: Haryana
AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres
Indian Cities and Air Pollution
11 projects to revive mythical Saraswati River
Renukaji Multipurpose Dam Project
ESIC Medical College and Hospital was inaugurated in Faridabad
National Institute of Ayurveda was laid in Panchkula by Prime Minister
Foundation stone of ‘Battles of Panipat Museum’
Voter Park in Gurugram
Haryana launches Krishi Kiosk for farmers
Meri Fasal Mera Byora’ portal
Mukhya Mantri Parivar Samridhi Yojna
‘Institution of Eminence’ Status
National Cancer Institute (NIC) at Badhsa in Jhajjar district of Haryana.
Kapil Dev appointed as first chancellor of Rai Sports University
Vinesh Phogat clinches gold in 2019 Poland Open wrestling
Many More…+ Practice MCQ also covered in this Ebook…..
Districts of Haryana
Haryana is a State in the northern region of India with 22 districts and is the nation’s seventeenth most popular. The State borders with Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north and Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. Haryana also surrounds Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of Haryana is included in the National Capital Region.
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