Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for MPPSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book.
Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like MPPSC and Other Madhya Pradesh State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020
Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Madhya Pradesh based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.
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Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, MPPSC and Other Madhya Pradesh PSC exams across the State.
Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020
Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Madhya Pradesh General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive.
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Madhya Pradesh Yearbook 2020
1. Introduction of M.P.
2. Latest Govt. Schemes
3. Latest Budget and Important Points
4. Current Affairs
5. Practice MCQ
Introduction of Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh is situated in the central region of India and that’s why it is called the Heartland State. It has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India as Madhya Pradesh is rich in mineral resources. It came into existence in 1956. It experiences sub-tropical climate. Hot dry summer is from April to June and Monsoon Rains are from July to September. There are all total 52 districts present in Madhya Pradesh. It has 92% of Hindus and around and the remaining 8% are Muslim, Jain, Christian, Sikhs and Buddhists.
Madhya Pradesh is also known as the Tiger state of India. The state came into existence on 1 November 1956. It is the 2nd largest state by an area and 5th by is population. After Independence Madhya Pradesh was created with Nagpur as its capital, in 1956, Madhya Pradesh was recognized and Bhopal makes its capital. Madhya Pradesh was the largest area state in India until 2000 when the Chhattisgarh region was made as a separate state. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020
Madhya Pradesh literally means “Central Province”, and is located in the geographic heart of India, between latitude 21.2°N-26.87°N and longitude 74°59′-82°06′ E. The state straddles the Narmada River, which runs east and west between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges; these ranges and the Narmada are the traditional boundary between the north and south of India. The highest point in Madhya Pradesh is Dhupgarh, with an elevation of 1,350 m.
It is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the northwest by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra.
The State has a subtropical climate. Like most of north India, it has a hot dry summer (April–June), followed by monsoon rains (July–September) and a cool and relatively dry winter. The average rainfall is about 1,371 mm. The southeastern districts have the heaviest rainfall, some places receiving as much as 2,150 mm, while the western and northwestern districts receive 1,000 mm or less.
It is the second largest state in India after Rajasthan with an area of 3, 08, 000 sq. km. It is a part of peninsular plateau of India lying in north central part, whose boundary can be classified in the north by the plains of Ganga-Yamuna, in the west by the Aravali, east by the Chhattisgarh plain and in the south by the Tapti valley and the plateau of Maharashtra.
Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Gwalior, Jabalpur and Ujjain being the other major cities. Madhya Pradesh is the second largest Indian state by area and the fifth largest state by population with over 75 million residents. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest. Before 2000, when Chhattisgarh was a part of Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India and the distance between the two furthest points inside the state, Singoli and Konta, was 1500 km. The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti Mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the major dynasties of India. By the early 18th century, the region was divided into several small kingdoms which were captured by the British and incorporated into Central Provinces and Berar and the Central India Agency. After India’s independence, Madhya Pradesh state was created with Nagpur as its capital: this state included the southern parts of the present-day Madhya Pradesh and northeastern portion of today’s Maharashtra. In 1956, this state was reorganised and its parts were combined with the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to form the new Madhya Pradesh state, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region was removed and merged with the then Bombay State. This state was the largest in India by area until 2000, when its southeastern Chhattisgarh region was made as a separate state. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020
The interesting and unique tool stone-age tools have been discovered from the Narmada river valley. Rock shelter and cave painting which can be dated to 30,000 BCE have been discovered at a no. of places. Arunachal Pradesh was ruled by Maurya Empire (Ashoka of Magadha) in the 3rd century BC.
It was made Indias 25th State on 30th May 1987, the largest city of Madhya Pradesh in Indore. The History of Madhya Pradesh divided into 3-Time period. During this period the region was dominated by the Maurya, Nanda and Gupt.
The city of Ujjain arose as a major centre in the region, during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. It served as the capital of the Avanti kingdom Tejas. Other kingdoms mentioned in ancient epics—Malava, Karusha, Dasarna and Nishada—have also been identified with parts of Madhya Pradesh.
Chandragupta Maurya united northern India around 320 BCE, establishing the Mauryan Empire, which included all of modern-day Madhya Pradesh. Ashoka the greatest of Mauryan rulers brought the region under firmer control. After the decline of the Maurya Empire, the region was contested among the Sakas, the Kushanas, the Satavahanas, and several local dynasties during the 1st to 3rd centuries CE. Heliodorus, the Greek Ambassador to the court of the Shunga king Bhagabhadra erected the Heliodorus pillar near Vidisha.
|1.||Founded on||1 November 1956|
|2.||Capital Formation||1 November 1956|
|4.||Also Known as||Heart of India|
|5.||Ruled By||Mauryan Empire, Malava, Dasarna, Nishada Karusha|
|6.||Major Historical Events||The merger of Bhopal into Union of India (1949) MP comes into existence (1956) first non-Cong government (1967) Discovery of Narmada man (1982) Bhopal gas tragedy (1984) Division of MP (2000)|
- Highest dam of Indirasagar Dam.
- The second highest dam of Bargi Dam.
- Longest dam of Bargi Dam.
- Largest power generating dam Omkareshwar Dam 520 MW.
|Indirasagar Dam||Narmada River||653 m (2,142 ft)||92m (302 ft)||9,890,701 acre·ft||Khandwa district||2006|
|Bargi Dam||Narmada River||5357 m||69.80 m||3,920 million m3||Jabalpur|
|Ban Sagar Dam||Sone River||1,020 m (3,350 ft)||67 m (220 ft)||2,000,000 acre-feet (2.5 km3)||shahdol||2006|
|Gandhi Sagar Dam||Chambal River||514 metres (1,686 ft)||62.17 metres (204.0 ft)||5,936,000 acre|
|Madikheda Dam||Sindh River||1070 m||62 m||901 million m3||Shivpuri|
|Tawa Dam||Tawa River||1,815 m||57.91 m||9,890,701 acre·ft.||Hoshangabad District||1974|
|Rivers||Originates From||Falls or Meet||Total Length||City|
|Narmada||Anuppur||Hugli river||1070 Km||Jabalpur Barwani, Harda, Hoshangabad, Omkareshwar, Narmada Nagar, Dewas|
|Chambal||Indore||Yamuna River||965 Km||Kota|
|Betwa river||Bhopal||Yamuna River||380 km||Bhopal, Gwalior, Jhansi, Jaluan|
|Tapti||Betul||Arabian Sea||724 Km|
|Son||Amarkantak||Ganga river||784 km||Sidhi, Dehri, Patna|
|Shipra||North of Dhar district||Chambal River||195 Km||Ujjain, Ratlam, Dhar, Mandsaur|
|Kali Sindh||Bagli||Chambal River||150 Km||Indore, Bhopal.|
|Tawa||Betul District||Narmada River||172 Km||Hoshangabad District|
Ujjain emerged as the predominant commercial centre of western India from the first century BCE, located on the trade routes between the Ganges plain and India’s Arabian Sea ports. The Satavahana dynasty of the northern Deccan and the Saka dynasty of the Western Satraps fought for the control of Madhya Pradesh during the 1st to 3rd centuries CE.
The Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satakarni inflicted a crushing defeat upon the Saka rulers and conquered parts of Malwa and Gujarat in the 2nd century CE. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020
Subsequently, the region came under the control of the Gupta Empire in the 4th and 5th centuries, and their southern neighbours, the Vakataka’s. The rock-cut temples at Bagh Caves in the Kukshi tehsil of the Dhar district attest to the presence of the Gupta dynasty in the region, supported by the testimony of a Badwani inscription dated to the year of 487 CE. The attacks of the Hephthalites or White Huns brought about the collapse of the Gupta Empire, which broke up into smaller states. The king Yasodharman of Malwa defeated the Huns in 528, ending their expansion. Later, Harsha (c. 590–647) ruled the northern parts of the state. Malwa was ruled by the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty from the late 8th century to the 10th century. When the south Indian Emperor Govinda III of the Rashtrakuta dynasty annexed Malwa, he set up the family of one of his subordinates there, who took the name of Paramara. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020
The Medieval period saw the rise of the Rajput clans, including the Paramaras of Malwa and the Chandelas of Bundelkhand. The Chandellas built the majestic Hindu-Jain temples at Khajuraho, which represent the culmination of Hindu temple architecture in Central India. The Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty also held sway in northern and western Madhya Pradesh at this time. It also left some monuments of architectural value in Gwalior. Southern parts of Madhya Pradesh like Malwa were several times invaded by the south Indian Western Chalukya Empire which imposed its rule on the Paramara kingdom of Malwa. The Paramara king Bhoja (c. 1010–1060) was a renowned polymath. The small Gond kingdoms emerged in the Gondwana and Mahakoshal regions of the state. Northern Madhya Pradesh was conquered by the Turkic Delhi Sultanate in the 13th century. After the collapse of the Delhi Sultanate at the end of the 14th century, independent regional kingdoms re-emerged, including the Tomara kingdom of Gwalior and the Muslim Sultanate of Malwa, with its capital at Mandu.
The Malwa Sultanate was conquered by the Sultanate of Gujarat in 1531. In the 1540s, most parts of the state fell to Sher Shah Suri, and subsequently to the Hindu king Hemu. Hemu, who had earlier served as the General of the Suri dynasty, operated from the Gwalior Fort during 1553–56 and became the ruler of Delhi as a Vikramaditya king winning 22 battles continuously from Bengal to Gujrat and defeating Akbar’s forces in the Battle of Delhi on 7 October 1556. However, he chose Delhi as his capital after his formal Coronation and left Gwalior. After Hemu’s defeat by Akbar at the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556, most of Madhya Pradesh came under the Mughal rule. Gondwana and Mahakoshal remained under the control of Gond kings, who acknowledged Mughal supremacy but enjoyed virtual autonomy. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020