Cherrapunji

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Cherrapunji with the native name Sohra being more commonly used, and can also be spelled Cherrapunjee or Cherrapunji) is a subdivisional town in the East Khasi Hills district in the Indian state of Meghalaya. It is the traditional capital of ka hima Nongkhlaw (Khasi tribal kingdom)

Cherrapunji has often been credited as being the wettest place on Earth, but for now nearby Mawsynram currently holds that distinction. Cherrapunji still holds the all-time record for the most rainfall in a calendar month and in a year, however: it received 9,300 millimetres (370 in; 30.5 ft) in July 1861 and 26,461 millimetres (1,041.8 in; 86.814 ft) between 1 August 1860 and 31 July 1861.

The history of the Khasi people – native inhabitants of Cherrapunji – may be traced from the early part of the 16th century. Between the 16th and 18th centuries, these people were ruled by their tribal ‘Syiems (rajas or chiefs) of Khyriem’ in the Khasi Hills. The Khasi hills came under British authority in 1883 with the submission of the last of the important Syiem, Tirot Sing Syiem.

The main pivot on which the entire superstructure of Khasi society rests is the matrilineal system.

The original name for this town was Sohra, which was pronounced “Churra” by the British. This name eventually evolved into the current name, Cherrapunji, meaning ‘land of oranges’, which was first used by tourists from other parts of India.

Despite abundant rainfall, Cherrapunji faces an acute water shortage and the inhabitants often have to trek very long distances to obtain potable water.

 Irrigation is hampered due to excessive rain washing away the topsoil as a result of human encroachment into the forests. Recent developments of rain-water harvesting techniques in the area have greatly helped the town and its neighbouring villages.

The Meghalaya state government has renamed Cherrapunji back to its original name, “Sohra”. There is a monument to David Scott (British Administrator in NE India, 1802–31) in the Cherrapunji cemetery.

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Chamoli

Chamoli district is the second largest district of Uttarakhand state of India.[1] It is bounded by the Tibet region to the north, and by the Uttarakhand districts of Pithoragarh and Bageshwar to the east, Almora to the south, Garhwal to the southwest, Rudraprayag to the west, and Uttarkashi to the northwest. The administrative headquarters of the district is Gopeshwar.

Chamoli hosts a variety of destinations of pilgrim and tourists’ interest. Badrinath, Hemkund Sahib, Valley of Flowers and Auli. Chamoli also happened to be a birthplace of “Chipko movement”. Chamoli proved itself “the most spectacular in its natural assets; be it scenery, valley aspects, water-edges, floristic varieties, dramatic landform or the climatic cardinalities”. The district is also inhabited by Bhotiya ethnic group who adhere to Hinduism.

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Butcher Island (Jawahar Dweep)

Butcher Island (Jawahar Dweep) is an island off the coast of Mumbai, India. It has an oil terminal used by the port authorities to offload it from oil tankers. The crude oil is stored in oil containers on the island. From there they are piped to Wadala, in Mumbai where they are refined. This keeps the city relatively safe from a mishap. Tenders have been invited to develop a second oil terminal. The dredging works are currently being undertaken to improve the navigable depths in and around the new terminal.

It is a restricted area and most of the island is covered with dense vegetation. A hillock rises from the centre of the island. It is located 8.25 kilometres (5.13 mi) from the Gateway of India.

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Bomdila

Bomdila is the headquarters of West Kameng district in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in India. Bomdila is one of the 60 constituencies of the state of Arunachal Pradesh.

Bomdila is located at 27.25°N 92.4°E. It has an average elevation of 2415 metres (7923 feet).

Climate: In Bomdila, the wet season is cool and mostly cloudy and the dry season is cold and clear. Over the course of the year, the temperature typically varies from 31°F to 66°F and is rarely below 27°F or above 70°F. it is inhabited by the Monpa, Sherdukpen, Miji, Bugun (Khowa) and Aka tribes.

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BANDIPUR NATIONAL PARK

Bandipur National Park is regarded as one of the most beautiful and the better-managed national parks of India. Located amidst the picturesque surroundings of the towering Western Ghat Mountains on the Mysore-Ooty highway in Karnataka, Bandipur National Park covers an area of about 874.2 sq km. Together with Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu, Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala and Nagarhole National Park in the North, it creates the India’s biggest biosphere reserve popularly known as the ‘Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve’.

The Bandipur National Park occupies a special place in India’s efforts towards Eco-conservation. Bandipur also has a sizable number of Tigers.

Other natural inhabitants of this lovely forest are gaur (a type of bull), Sambhar, chital, mouse deer, four-horned antelope, wild dogs, wild boar, jackal, sloth bear, panther, Malabar squirrel, porcupines and the black-knapped hare. Birds like jungle fowl and green pigeon are also found here.

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Balaghat Range

Balaghat Range is series of hills in the Maharashtra state of India. Balaghat district is in Madhya Pradesh state of India but Balaghat range is in the state of Maharashtra. Balaghat Range starts from Western Ghats at the Harishchandra Range to the border of Maharashtra and Karnataka states. It extends about 320 kilometers. Balaghat range spread in Ahmednagar, Beed, Latur, Osmanabad and Solapur districts of Maharashtra.

Balaghat Range has width between five and nine kilometers. Balaghat hills of west have elevation of 550–825 meters which are much higher than east. These hills are with flat tops. Balaghat range separate Godavari river basin in the north from Bhima River basin in the south.

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Andrott Island

The Andrott Island is the largest island with an area of 4.90 sq km, length of 4.66 km and a maximum width of 1.43 km. It lies in the east-west direction, between 10° 48′ and 10° 50′ N latitude and 73° 38′ and 73° 42′ E longitude. It is 119 km (64 nautical miles) away from Kavaratti and 293 km (158 nautical miles) away from Kochi. It is the only island having a very small lagoon area.

Andrott is the nearest island to the mainland and has an east-west orientation unlike other islands lying in the north-south direction. It is the Largest island in the Lakshadweep. Thick vegetation mainly coconut groves ,add to the beauty of the island.It was the first island to embrace ISLAM . The Saint Ubaidullah ,who is belived to have converted the people of islands to islam,died here and his tomb still remains in the Juma at Mosque . Religious preachers from here are held in high esteem.Fishing industry is well developed,next only to Minicoy and Agatti. Coir and Copra are the major products of the island.

Climate

The climate of Andrott is similar to the climatic conditions of Kerala. March to May is the hottest period of the year. The temperature ranges from 25oC to 35oC and humidity ranging from 70 -76 per cent for most of the year. The average rainfall received is 1600 mm a year. Monsoon prevails here from 15th May to 15th September. The monsoon period raises temperature to the mercury level between 27- 30 degrees. During the monsoon time, boats are not allowed outside the lagoon because of the violent sea. The presence of the reef maintains calm at the lagoon.

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Anamalai wildlife sanctuary

Anamalai wildlife sanctuary is one of the most attractive preserves of nature in Tamil Nadu, is also known as the India Gandhi National Park and is located in the Western Ghats. There are many places of natural and scenic beauty in the Annamalai wildlife sanctuary. Some of them are Grass hills, Karianshola, Anaikunthi Shola, groves, waterfalls, teak forests, reservoirs and dams. Nilgiri Langur, Liontailed macaque Gaur, Elephant, Chital, Sambar, Mouse Deer, Barking Deer, Variety of Birds, Tiger, panther, Wild Dog, Nilgiri Tahr.The park is rich in mixed deciduous forest with fair population of rosewood and teaks.

The forests are noted for their valuable timber trees including teak and rosewood, Hopea parviflora, Mesua ferrea, Calophyllum tomentosum, Vateria indica, Cullenia excels and Mangifera indica. Softwoods include Machilus Macrantha, Alstonia scholaris, Evodia meliaefolia, Ailanthus and Malabaricum. Wood for making pulp is procured from Eucalyptus hybrid and Eucalyptus grandis. Minor forest produce is collected from bamboos, reeds, soap nuts, canes, gums, lemon grass, wild cardamom, honey and amla. In addition to the economically useful plants listed, some rare orchids are found and the sanctuary is the only home of the South Indian species of conifer, podocarpus wallichianus.

Climate

The mercury ranges from 14°C – 32°C during March to October and to 6°C-24°C during November to February. Avoid rainy months.

Flora

Rich mixed deciduous forest, Tropical wet Evergreen, Tropical moist deciduous. The vegetation or Flora in Indira Gandhi National Park comprises some 8,000 species of plants. The jungles in Indira Gandhi Sanctuary are thick and wooded with the flora to back up the fabulous fauna. There are evergreen forests in Indira Gandhi National Park, which are moist and deciduous forests and the lagoons and estuaries, sheltering unique forms of plant and animal life. The dry deciduous, the semi-evergreen, and the wet temperate habitat of this park contain teak, rose wood and many miscellaneous tropical species.

Fauna

The Anamalai wildlife sanctuary has various kinds of fauna like Panther, Elephant, Gaur, Sloth Bear, Tiger, Deer, Wild Bear, Porcupine, Wild Dog, Flying Squirrel, Jackal, Civet Cat, Pangolin and birds like Rocket-tailed Drongo, Red Tree Pie, Whiskered Bulbul, Spotted Dove, Black Headed Oriole, Pigeon etc. There is a reservoir (the Amaravati reservoir) in the Anamalai, having a large number of crocodiles. In Anamalai (Indira Gandhi) National Park one can also see sambar, gaur, mouse deer, barking deer, but the exclusive attraction of the National Park are Nilgiri langur, lion tailed macaque and spectacular birds.

Source: wildlifesofindia

Catalonia

It is the region of Spain whose autonomy was recently suspended by Spain as the region’s leader threatened to declare independence. The Spain government would soon meet to activate Article 155 of the constitution, allowing it to take over running of the region. Article 155 of the constitution, which cemented democratic rule three years after the death of Dictator General Francisco Franco in 1975, allows Madrid to impose direct rule in a crisis but it has never been invoked. Catalonia is an autonomous community of Spain in the north-east end of the Iberian Peninsula, designated as a nationality by its Statute of Autonomy. It has four provinces: Barcelona, Girona, Lleida, and Tarragona. The capital and largest city is Barcelona, which is the second most populated city in Spain. Catalonia is one of the wealthiest regions of Spain. It accounts for 20.07% of the Spanish GDP.

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Prakasam

This district of Andhra Pradesh is known for Ongole Cattle breed which was in the news recently after Vice President of India; M. Venkaiah Naidu called for protecting Ongole cattle breed. The breed derives its name from the place the breed originates from, Ongole. The Ongole breed of cattle, Bos Indicus, has a great demand as it is said to possess resistance to both foot and mouth disease and mad cow disease.

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The Orchha

The town of Madhya Pradesh has been included in tentative list of the World Heritage Sites of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO). It is situated on the banks of the river Betwa, in Niwari district of Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh. A UNESCO World Heritage Site is a place that is listed by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as of special cultural or physical significance. The list is maintained by the international World Heritage Programme administered by the UNESCO World Heritage Committee, composed of 21 UNESCO member states which are elected by the General Assembly.

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Machail Mata Yatra

J&K: Machail Mata Yatra suspended due to security reasons

Thousands of devotees from across the country visit the scenic Paddar valley, also famous for its sapphire mines, during the yatra and pay obeisance at the holy shrine of goddess Durga in Machail village of Kishtwar after trekking a 30-km arduous route.

Thousands of devotees from across the country visit the scenic Paddar valley, also famous for its sapphire mines, during the yatra and pay obeisance at the holy shrine of goddess Durga in Machail village of Kishtwar after trekking a 30-km arduous route.

Kishtwar, which was declared terrorism-free over a decade ago, was rattled by the killing of state secretary of BJP Anil Parihar and his brother Ajit Parihar on November 1 last year, followed by the assassination of senior RSS leader Chandrakant Sharma and his security guard inside a health centre on April 9.

The annual Amarnath Yatra has already been suspended due to security reasons.

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Kajin Sara Lake

A few month ago, a team of mountaineers discovered a new lake, the Kajin Sara Lake in the Manang district, Nepal. Located in Singarkharka, this lake is most likely to set the record for being the world’s highest lake.

While the threat to the earth might be becoming graver day by day, mother nature never forgets to truly amaze us by all that remains undiscovered on this planet.

The Kajin Sara Lake, recently discovered in Nepal, might soon replace Lake Tilicho and set the record for being the world’s highest lake.

The Kajin Sara lake in Manang district was discovered about a few months ago by a team of mountaineers. According to the measurement of the lake taken by the team, it is located at an altitude of 5,200 metres. It is estimated to be 1,500-metre-long and 600-metre-wide.

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The Abor Hills

The Abor Hills is a region of Arunachal Pradesh in the far northeast of India, near the border with China. The hills are bordered by the Mishmi Hills and Miri Hills, and drained by the Dibang River, a tributary of the Brahmaputra.

During the British Raj, the hills had a reputation as a troublesome area, and military expeditions were sent against the residents in the 1890s. The region was administered as the Abor Hills District from 1948, with headquarters at Pasighat, but later reorganized into the Lower Dibang Valley and Lohit districts.

The Abor Hills are a tract of country on the north-east frontier of India, which was occupied by an independent tribe, the Adi people, formerly called the Abors. It lay north of Lakhimpur district, in the province of eastern Bengal and Assam, and is bounded on the east by the Mishmi Hills and on the west by the Miri Hills, the villages of the tribe extending to the Dibong River.

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Ten Degree Channel

The Ten Degree Channel is a channel that separates the Little Andaman and Car Nicobar in the Bay of Bengal. The two sets of islands together form the Indian Union Territory (UT) of Andaman and Nicobar Islands. This channel is 150 km wide. It is said that when Western Trade wind was used by Arabians they crossed through this channel in fifteenth Century. The Channel is approximately 10 km wide, running essentially along an east-west orientation. It is so named as it lies on the 10-degree line of latitude, north of the equator.

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