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It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Uttar Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for UPPSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. UPPSC GK Yearbook 2020
Uttar Pradesh Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020
1. Introduction of U.P. (Static GK)
2. Latest Govt. Schemes
3. Latest Budget and Important Points
4. Current Affairs (Whole Year)
5. Practice MCQ
Uttar Pradesh Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like UPPSC and Other Uttar Pradesh State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. UPPSC GK Yearbook 2020
Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Uttar Pradesh based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.
Why should you buy this Book?
Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, UPPSC and Other Uttar Pradesh PSC exams across the State. UPPSC GK Yearbook 2020
Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting.
Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Uttar Pradesh General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive.
The history of Uttar Pradesh is very ancient and interesting. It is recognised in the later Vedic Age as Brahmarshi Desha or Madhya Desha. Many great sages of the Vedic times like Bhardwaja, Gautam, Yagyavalkaya, Vashishtha, Vishwamitra and Valmiki flourished in this state. Several sacred books of the Aryans were also composed here. Two great epics of India, Ramayana and Mahabharata, appear to have been inspired by Uttar Pradesh.
In the sixth century B.C., Uttar Pradesh was associated with two new religions – Jainism and Buddhism. It was at Sarnath that Buddha preached his first sermon and laid the foundations of his order, and it was in Kushinagar in Uttar Pradesh, where Buddha breathed his last. Several centres in Uttar Pradesh like Ayodhya, Prayag, Varanasi and Mathura became reputed centres of learning. In the medieval period, Uttar Pradesh passed under Muslim rule and led the way to new synthesis of Hindu and Islamic cultures. Ramananda and his Muslim disciple Kabir, Tulsidas, Surdas and many other intellectuals contributed to the growth of Hindi and other languages. UPPSC GK Yearbook 2020
Uttar Pradesh preserved its intellectual excellence even under the British administration. The British combined Agra and Oudh into one province and called it United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. The name was shortened to the United Provinces in 1935. In January 1950 the United Provinces was renamed as Uttar Pradesh.
The State is bound by Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in the north, Haryana in the west, Madhya Pradesh in the South and Bihar in the east. Uttar Pradesh can be divided into two distinct regions (i) Southern Hills and (ii) Gangetic Plain.
The biggest congregation, perhaps of the world, Kumbha Mela is held at Allahabad every twelfth year and Ardh kumbh Mela every sixth year. Magh Mela is also held at Allahabad in January when the people come in large number to have a dip in the holy Sangam.
Uttar Pradesh, with a total area of 243,290 square kilometres (93,935 sq mi), is India’s fourth-largest state in terms of land area and is roughly of same size as United Kingdom. It is situated on the northern spout of India and shares an international boundary with Nepal. The Himalayas border the state on the north, but the plains that cover most of the state are distinctly different from those high mountains. The larger Gangetic Plain region is in the north; it includes the Ganges-Yamuna Doab, the Ghaghra plains, the Ganges plains and the Terai. The smaller Vindhya Range and plateau region is in the south. It is characterised by hard rock strata and a varied topography of hills, plains, valleys and plateaus. The Bhabhar tract gives place to the terai area which is covered with tall elephant grass and thick forests interspersed with marshes and swamps. The sluggish rivers of the Bhabhar deepen in this area, their course running through a tangled mass of thick undergrowth. The terai runs parallel to the Bhabhar in a thin strip. The entire alluvial plain is divided into three sub-regions. The first in the eastern tract consisting of 14 districts which are subject to periodical floods and droughts and have been classified as scarcity areas. These districts have the highest density of population which gives the lowest per capita land. The other two regions, the central and the western are comparatively better with a well-developed irrigation system. They suffer from water logging and large-scale user tracts. In addition, the area is fairly arid. The state has more than 32 large and small rivers; of them, the Ganges, Yamuna, Saraswati, Sarayu, Betwa, and Ghaghara are larger and of religious importance in Hinduism. UPPSC GK Yearbook 2020
Uttar Pradesh is the rainbow land where the multi-hued Indian Culture has blossomed from times immemorial. Blessed with a varaity of geographical land and many cultural diversities, Uttar Pradesh, has been the area of activity of historical heroes like – Rama, Krishna, Buddha, Mahavira, Ashoka, Harsha, Akbar and Mahatma Gandhi. Rich and tranquil expanses of meadows, perennial rivers, dense forestsand fertile soil of Uttar Pradesh have contributed numerous golden chapters to the annals of Indian History. Dotted with various holy shrines and piligrim places,full of joyous festivals, it plays an important role in the politics, education, culture, industry, agriculture and tourism of India.
Garlanded by the Ganga and Yamuna. The two pious rivers of Indian mythology, Uttar Pradesh is surrounded by Bihar in the East, Madhya Pradesh in the South, Rajasthan, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana in the west and Uttaranchal in the north and Nepal touch the northern borders of Uttar Pradesh, it assumes strategic importance for Indian defence. Its area of 2,36,286 sq kms. lies between latitude 24 deg to 31 deg and longitude 77 deg to 84 deg East. Area wise it is the fourth largest State of India. In sheer magnitude it is half of the area of France, three times of Portugal, four times of Ireland, seven times of Switzerland, ten times of Belgium and a little bigger than England. UPPSC GK Yearbook 2020
The British East India Company came into contact with the Awadh rulers during the reign of IIIrd Nawab of Awadh. There is no doubt that the history of Uttar Pradesh has run concurrently with the history of the country during and after the British rule, but it is also well-known that the contribution of the people of the State in National Freedom Movement had been significant.
The cultural heritage of Uttar pradesh was maintained in the period of the Ramayan and Mahabharat i.e. the epic period. The story of Ramayan revolves round the Ikshwaku dynasty of Kosal and of Mahabharat a round the ‘Kuru’ dynasty of Hastinapur. Local people firmly believe that the Ashram of Valmiki, the author of Ramayan, was in Brahmavart (Bithoor in Kanpur District) and it was in the surroundings of Naimisharany (Nimsar-Misrikh in Sitapur district) that Suta narrated the story of Mahabharat as he had heard it from Vyasji. Some of the Smritis and Puranas were also written in this State.Gautam Buddha, Mahavir, Makkhaliputta Goshal and great thinkers brought about a revolution in Uttar Pradesh in 6th century B.C. Out of these, Makkhaliputta Goshal, who was born at Shravan near Shravasti, was the founder of Ajivika sect…………………
It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for HPPSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020
Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like HPPSC and Other Himachal Pradesh State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020
Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Himachal Pradesh based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.
Why should you buy
Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, HPPSC and Other PSC exams and across the State.
Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting.
Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Himachal Pradesh General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020
Himachal Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is bordered by union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on the north, Punjab state on the west, Haryana state on the southwest, Uttarakhand state on the southeast, and Tibet region on the east. At its southernmost point, it also touches the state of Uttar Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020
Some Important Facts
Scheduled Caste population
Scheduled Tribe population
Urban local bodies
Identified hydroelectric potential
23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja)
Food grain production
Per capita income
Social Security pensions
237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over ₹ 600 million
Investment in industrial areas
₹ 273.80 billion, employment opportunities: Over 337,391
The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted suzerainty of larger empires. Prior to India’s independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organised as the Chief Commissioner’s province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. In 1966, hilly areas of neighbouring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971.
Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. Almost 90% of the state’s population lives in rural areas. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state’s economy. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. The state was declared India’s second open-defecation-free state in 2016. According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India’s least corrupt state.
Tribes such as the Koli, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kanaura, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era. The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. The Kols or Mundas are believed to be the original migrants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas.
During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire, after a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajput principalities. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. Mahmud Ghaznavid conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. Several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals.
The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846, during the First Anglo-Sikh War.
They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British, the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt.
The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria’s proclamation of 1858. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020
After independence, the Chief Commissioner’s Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states in the promontories of the western Himalayas. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947. The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954.
Himachal became a Part ‘C’ state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020
Bilaspur was the capital of a state
of the same name founded in the 7th century, also known as Kahlur. The ruling dynasties
were Chandela Rajputs, who claimed descent from the rulers of Chanderi in
present-day Madhya Pradesh. The town of Bilaspur was founded in 1663. The state
later became a princely state of British India, and was under the authority of
the British province of Punjab.
On 13 May 1665, Guru Tegh Bahadur
went to Bilaspur to attend the mourning and funeral ceremonies for Raja Dip
Chand of Bilaspur. Rani Champa of Bilaspur made an offer to the Guru of a piece
of land in her state, which the Guru accepted at the cost of 500 rupees. The
land consisted of the villages of Lodhipur, Mianpur, and Sahota. Guru Tegh
Bahadur broke ground on a new settlement on 19 June 1665, which he named Nanaki
after his mother.
In 1932, the state became part of the
newly created Punjab States Agency, and in 1936 the Punjab Hill States Agency
was separated from the Punjab States Agency. On 12 October 1948 the local ruler,
HH Raja Sir Anand Chand, acceded to the Government of India.
Bilaspur became a separate state of
India under a chief commissioner, and on 1 July 1954, Bilaspur State was made a
district of Himachal Pradesh state by an act of the Indian Parliament. When the
Sutlej River was dammed to create the Govind Sagar, the historic town of
Bilaspur was submerged, and a new town was built upslope of the old.
Chamba is bounded on north-west by
Jammu and Kashmir, on the north-east and east by Ladakh area of Jammu and Kashmir
state and Lahaul and Bara-Bangal area of Himachal Pradesh, on the south-east
and south by the District Kangra of Himachal Pradesh and Gurdaspur District of
The Chamba District is situated
between north latitude 32° 11′ 30” and 33° 13′ 6” and east longitude 75°49 and
77° 3′ 30”, with an estimated area of 6522 square Kilometers and is surrounded
on all sides by lofty hill ranges. The territory is wholly mountainous with
altitude ranging from 2,000 to 21,000 feet.
Chamba the land of lord Shiva is
famous for its untouched natural beauty. The district has Dalhousie, Khajjiar,
Chamba Town, Pangi and Bharamour as main tourist destinations. There are five
lakes, five wild life sanctuaries and countless number of temples.
Chamba, is a small but attractive
tourist destination of Himachal Pradesh, is known for its exquisite natural
beauty. The place, located amidst picturesque and verdant valleys, is visited
by tourist round the year. Sub-Himalayan range of mountains, full of diverse
flora and fauna, make Chamba an exhilarating experience. Pleasing climate of
the place is another factor why Chamba is one among the popular tourist
destinations in the whole of India. In the following lines, we will provide you
more information on the weather and climate of Chamba.
The summer season in Chamba starts
from the middle of April and lasts till the last week of June. Even in summers,
when the plains are boiling with high temperatures, the weather here remains
quite pleasing. This is the time when majority of tourist takes shelter in the
place. Days are a little warm, but nights are romantic and cool. Light cotton
clothes are ideal during summers.
Rains in Chamba start in the month of
July, when the monsoon breaks-in, and continue till late August or mid
September. This is the time when the weather is misty and cloudy. During this
time, the entire valley is covered in a hue of light green, with newly washed
leaves shining in the glory of after-rain sunshine.
The winter season in Chamba starts in
the month of December and lasts till the month of February. During this season,
Chamba generally remains cool and dry, but snowfall does occur at higher
elevations, during these months. In the winter season, the temperature might
drop to freezing point in the lower region too and snowfall may happen.
Tourists should go with heavy woolen clothes during this season and enjoy
Kangra district lies between 31˚ 21′
to 32˚ 59′ N latitude and 75˚ 47′ 55″ to 77˚ 45′ E longitude. It is situated on
the southern escarpment of the Himalayas. The entire area of the district is
traversed by the varying altitude of the Shivaliks, Dhauladhar and the
Himalayas from north-west to south-east. The altitude varies from 500 metres
above mean sea level (amsl) to around 5000 metres amsl. It is encapsulated in
the north by the districts of Chamba and Lahaul and Spiti, in the south by
Hamirpur and Una, in the east by Mandi and in the west by Gurdaspur district of
Punjab. The present Kangra district came into existence on the 1st September,
1972 consequent upon the re-organisation of districts by the Government of
Himachal Pradesh. It was the largest district of the composite Punjab in terms
of area till it was transferred to Himachal Pradesh on the 1st November, 1966 and
had six tehsils namely Nurpur, Kangra, Palampur, Dehragopipur, Hamirpur and
Kangra district derives its name from
Kangra town that was known as Nagarkot in ancient times. Kangra proper
originally was a part of the ancient Trigarta (Jullundur), which comprises of
the area lying between the river “Shatadroo” (probably Sutlej) and Ravi. A
tract of land to the east of Sutlej that probably is the area of Sirhind in
Punjab also formed a part of Trigrata. Trigrata had two provinces. One in the
plains with headquarters at Jullundur and other in the hills with headquarters
at Nagarkot (the present Kangra).
Kinnaur surrounded by the Tibet to
the east, in the northeast corner of Himachal Pradesh, about 235 kms from
Shimla is a tremendously beautiful district having the three high mountains
ranges i.e. Zanskar, Greater Himalayas and Dhauladhar, enclosing valleys of
Sutlej, Spiti, Baspa and their tributaries. All the valleys are strikingly
beautiful. The slopes are covered with thick wood, orchards, fields and
picturesque hamlets. The much religious Shivlinga lies at the peak of Kinner
Nestled in the lap of the majestic
Himalayas, Kullu is a veritable jewel in the crown of Himachal Pradesh. The
breathtaking beauty of its marvelous landscapes, the hospitality of its people,
their distinctive lifestyle and rich culture have enthralled travelers for
The Dev Sanskriti of the valley
blends faith, mythology and history to create and sustain a unique bond between
the mundane and the divine. Blessed with salubrious weather throughout the
year, the district is known for the internationally renowned towns of Kullu and
Manali, the pristine beauty of the Parbati valley, the teeming biodiversity of
the Great Himalayan National Park, the quaint temple architecture of the hills
and several enjoyable trekking routes across its breadth and width.
The Lahaul and Spiti district in the
Indian state of Himachal Pradesh consists of the two formerly separate
districts of Lahaul and Spiti. The present administrative centre is Keylong in
Lahaul. Before the two districts were merged, Kardang was the capital of
Lahaul, and Dhankar the capital of Spiti. The district was formed in 1960, and
is the fourth least populous district in India.
Kunzum la or the Kunzum Pass
(altitude 4,551 m (14,931 ft)) is the entrance pass to the Spiti Valley from
Lahaul. It is 21 km (13 mi) from Chandra Tal. This district is connected to
Manali through the Rohtang Pass. To the south, Spiti ends 24 km (15 mi) from
Tabo, at the Sumdo where the road enters Kinnaur and joins with National
Highway No. 5
The two valleys are quite different
in character. Spiti is more barren and difficult to cross, with an average
elevation of the valley floor of 4,270 m (14,010 ft). It is enclosed between
lofty ranges, with the Spiti River rushing out of a gorge in the southeast to
meet the Sutlej River. It is a typical mountain desert area with an average
annual rainfall of only 170 mm (6.7 in).
The present District Of Mandi was
formed with the merger of two princely states Mandi and Suket on 15th April
1948, when the State of Himachal Pradesh came into existence. Ever since the
formation of the district, it has not witnessd any changes in it’s
jurisdiction. The chiefs of Mandi and Suket are said to be from a common
ancestor of the Chandravanshi line of Rajputs of Sena dynasty of Bengal and
they claim their descent from the Pandavas of the Mahabharata. The ancestors of
the line believed to have ruled for 1,700 years in Indarprastha(Delhi), until
one Khemraj was driven out by his Wazir, Bisarp, who then took over the throne.
Khemraj, having lost his knogdom, fled eastward and settled in Bengal, where 13
of his successors are said to have ruled for 350 years. From there they had to
flee to Ropar in Punjab, but here also the king, Rup Sen, was killed and one of
his sons, Bir Sen, fled to the hills and reached Suket. The State of Suket is
said to have been founded by Bir Sen, an ancestor of the Sena Dynasty of
The former summer capital of the
British India, and the present capital of Himachal Pradesh, Shimla has been
blessed with all the natural bounties which one can think of. It has got a
scenic location, it is surrounded by green hills with snow capped peaks. The
spectacular cool hills accompanied by the structures made during the colonial
era creates an aura which is very different from other hill. Bulging at its
seams with unprecedented expansion, Shimla retains its colonial heritage, with
grand old uildings, charming iron lamp posts and Anglo-Saxon names. The Mall,
packed with shops and eateries, is the main attraction of the town, and Scandal
Point, associated with the former Maharaja of Patiala’s escapades, offers a
view of distant snow clad peaks.Shimla is ideally located, and though there is
an air service to the town, it is best reached by road that takes in the charms
of the HIMALAYAN countryside at its best. There is a sense of nostalgia about
SHIMLA, with its old bungalows and their gabled roofs and beautiful gardens.
The Shimla back to the 19th century
when it was founded by the British in the year 1819 after the Gorkha war.
During that period, it was most popular for the temple of Hindu Goddess
Shyamala Devi. In 1822, the first British summer home was constructed by
Scottish civil servant Charles Pratt Kennedy. Shimla became the summer capital
of the British Raj during the latter half of the 19th century and the soldiers
of the British army, merchants and civil servants dropped in here to get relief
from the scorching heat of the plains. Presently, it is the state capital of
Himachal Pradesh, with its population around 1.6 lacs (Shimla town only) having
Altitude 2202.00 meters above sea level, Languages Pahari, Hindi and English,
Best time to visit October to November and April to June and STD Code is 0177.
Shimla has seen many important historical events such as the famous Shimla Pact
between India and Pakistan which was signed here. The place is also famous for
its natural beauty, architectural buildings, wooden crafts and apples.
A remarkable event took place in the
history of Shimla when the Kalka-Shimla railway line was constructed in the
year 1906 that significantly added to its quick accessibility and it gained
immense popularity. Apart from this, Shimla was declared as capital of the
undivided state of Punjab in the year 1871 and remained so until Chandigarh
(the present-day capital of Punjab) was given the status of the region’s
capital. Himachal Pradesh got separated from undivided Punjab in the year 1971
with Shimla becoming its capital. You will come across several British
structures in Shimla such as the Viceregal lodge, Auckland House, Gorton
Castle, Peterhoff house, and Gaiety Theater that are the reminders of the
colonial times. Some of the most prominent things to watch in Shimla are the
Himachal State Museum and Library, Viceregal Lodge, Botanical Gardens, Indian
Institute of Advanced Studies, The Ridge, The Mall, Summer Hill, Glenn and
Taradevi Temple. Everything in this quaint town has a unique appeal and never
fails to impress even the most demanding tourists.
District Sirmaur is located in outer
Himalayas which is commonly known
as Shivalik range.This district is bounded
by district Shimla in North Uttrakhand in East, Haryana in
South and Distt. Solan
in North-West. Like other parts
of Himachal Pradesh, it has beautiful
landscapes, bracing climate, big and small
game and legendry temples which hold abiding attraction for the tourists.
river Giri is the
biggest river in the
district which originates from Kotkhai/Jubbal Tehsil of
Shimla district and flows down
in the south-east direction. It ultimately joins the river
Yamuna near Paonta Sahib.
Lot of tributaries join this river in its long course,
most important of
them being Jalal river which originates from Dharthi range near Pachhad and joins the Giri River at Dadahu
from the right side. The river Giri is very useful as it a big source of
livelihood fishermen in this district.
Another important river which forms the
eastern border of the Sirmour
district is the river Tons.
In this District, there are Six
Administrative Sub Divisions, Nine tehsils, Four sub tehsils, Six community development blocks,
two municipal committees and one notified
area committee. Out of 228
panchayats in this district, 26 are backward declared
Solan is the district headquarters of
Solan district (created on 1 September 1972) in the state of Himachal Pradesh.
The largest Municipal Council of Himachal Pradesh, it is located 46 kilometres
south of the state capital, Shimla. At an average elevation of 1,600 metres (5,200
ft). The place is named after the Hindu goddess Shoolini devi. Every year in
the month of June, a fair celebrating the goddess is held, featuring a 3-day
mela at Thodo ground. Solan was the capital of the erstwhile princely state,
It is known as the “Mushroom city of
India” because of the vast mushroom farming in the area as well as the
Directorate of Mushroom Research (DMR) situated at Chambaghat.
Solan is crowned as the “City of Red
Gold“, in reference to the bulk production of tomatoes in the area The town is
situated between Chandigarh and Shimla , on the Kalka-Shimla National Highway.
The Kalka-Shimla narrow gauge heritage railway line, built by the British
passes through Solan and is a recognised World Heritage site.
Una is a district of Himachal Pradesh
which lies in its south western part. On the 1st September,1972 the Himachal
Pradesh Govt. reorganised the then Kangra district into three districts namely
Una, Hamirpur and Kangra.The famous places of Una are ‘Chintpurni’ Goddess
temple, Dera Baba Barbhag Singh, Dera Baba Rudru, Joggi Panga, Dharamshala
Mahanta, Dhunsar Mahadev Temple Talmehra, Shivbari Temple Gagret and Mini
Secretariat. Una district is well developed in the industrial sector due to
close proximity to Punjab. Mehatpur, Gagret, Tahliwal & Amb are main
industrial centres of Una. On 11th January 1991, Una has been provided with
railway line by laying 14 Kms broad gauge track from Nangal(Punjab) to Una.
Punjabi, Hindi, Pahari are common languages spoken. In winter, climate is cool,
woolen clothes required. In summer, climate is hot, cotton clothes required.
From July to September, it is rainy & humid.
Demo – Current Affairs
International Lavi fair being organised in Himachal Pradesh
Rising Himachal Global Investors’ Meet 2019
Renukaji Multipurpose Dam Project
Himachal Pradesh celebrates its 49th full Statehood day
1st Mega Food Park of Himachal Pradesh
Nomadic Elephant 2019
Himachal Pradesh Assembly passed a Bill to make Sanskrit as the second official language of the state
Mukhya Mantri Seva Sankalp Helpline
Indian Army Team Summit Mt. Leo Pargyil
Two new species of Freshwater Fish found
Himachal Pradesh government declared Monkeys as vermin
14th Edition of Annual Sino-Indian Border Trade opens at Nathu La
Tashigang becomes the World’s highest Polling station