UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Gandhi-Irwin Pact

M.K Gandhi attended highly official meeting with Lord Irwin on the behalf of the Indian National Congress on negotiating terms of Constitutional reforms. The pact made the British Government concede some demands, which were -To withdraw all ordinances and prosecutions; to release all the political prisoners’; to restore the confiscated properties of the satyagarhis; to … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Industrial Revolution

The Fourth Industrial Revolution is a term that describes present technological age. It is the fourth industrial era since the inception of the initial Industrial Revolution of the 18th century. The key elements of the fourth revolution are the fusion of technologies ranging from the physical, digital to biological spheres. Prime Minister gave an institutional shape to … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Block chain Technology

What is Blockchain Technology? Simply, blockchain is decentralized, distributed and public digital ledger.  Blockchains is a new type of network infrastructure (a way to organize how information and value move around on the internet) that create ‘trust’ in networks by introducing distributed verifiability, auditability, and consensus. Blockchains create trust by acting as a shared database, distributed … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Visible Light Communication (VLC) technology

Visible light communication (VLC) is a wireless method that enables high-speed transmission of data with visible light. This data is transmitted by modulating the intensity of light given off by a light source. The signal is received by a photodiode device that transforms the data into forms that are readable and readily-consumed by end users. … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Indigo cultivation in India

Indigo (Neel) is a blue dye which comes from the Indigo plant. It was widely grown in India firstly for the East India Company and later for the British Raj. In the nineteenth century, it was one of the most profitable commodities traded in the European market often called “Blue Gold”.   There was a significant increase in the Indigo production in … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Bodhisattvas

A Bodhisattva is an ordinary person who takes up a course in his or her life that moves in the direction of Buddha. You’re a bodhisattva, I’m a bodhisattva; actually, anyone who directs their attention, their life, to practicing the way of life of a Buddha is a Bodhisattva. In Buddhism, a bodhisattva (Sanskrit: बोधिसत्त्व … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Cryptography and Network Security

PUBLIC-KEY INFRASTRUCTURE RFC 2822 (Internet Security Glossary) defines public-key infrastructure (PKI) as the set of hardware, software, people, policies, and procedures needed to create, manage, store, distribute, and revoke digital certificates based on asymmetric cryptography. The principal objective for developing a PKI is to enable secure, conve- nient, and efficient acquisition of public keys. The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Public Key Infrastructure X.509 (PKIX) working group has been the dri- ving force behind setting up a formal … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Solar Orbiter Mission

Solar Orbiter mission was launched recently. The mission is a collaboration between ESA (the European Space Agency) and NASA. The spacecraft was launched from Cape Canaveral on a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket. Details: It will observe the Sun with high spatial resolution telescopes and capture observations in the environment directly surrounding the spacecraft to know how the … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Artemis- NASA’s next Moon Mission

NASA has announced new plan to establish a permanent lunar presence and put an American on the Moon. The project is named Artemis. Details: NASA wants to send the first woman and the next man to the Moon by the year 2024, which it plans on doing through the Artemis lunar exploration program. ARTEMIS stands for Acceleration, Reconnection, Turbulence … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: VOYAGER 2

Why in news? Voyager 2 has now penetrated away from the solar system into interstellar space. The mission The Voyager mission was launched in the 1970s, and NASA’s probes were intended only to explore the outer planets. Voyager 2 departed Earth on 5 September 1977, a few days after Voyager 1 and left our solar … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Carbon Nanotubes

How the extremely high length-to-diameter ratio of Carbon Nanotubes makes them special material? Assess their potential applications in public health sector. Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) are allotropes of carbon with a cylindrical nanostructure.  Carbon nanotubes have varied structures, differing in length, thickness, and number of layers. The characteristics of nanotubes can be different depending on how the grapheme sheet has rolled … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Trade Related Investment Measures

Trade Related Investment Measures (TRIMS) Under the Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures of the World Trade Organization (WTO), commonly known as the TRIMs Agreement, WTO members have agreed not to apply certain investment measures related to trade in goods that restrict or distort trade. The TRIMs Agreement prohibits certain measures that violate the national treatment … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: India’s nuclear IAEA safeguards

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: India’s nuclear IAEA safeguards: Issue: Government of India has decided to place four more nuclear reactors under the IAEA safeguards. The four reactors will include two Russian-designed Pressurised Light Water Reactors and two Pressurised Heavy Reactors built with Indian technology. With the addition of four new nuclear reactors, a total … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: West Texas Intermediate (WTI)

Recently, the prices of West Texas Intermediate (WTI), the best quality of crude oil in the world, fell to minus $40.32 a barrel in interlay trade in New York (the USA). It means that the seller of crude oil would be paying the buyer $40 for each barrel that is bought. It is the lowest crude oil price ever recorded below the zero mark … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: foreign direct investment in India

The Government of India has made its approval for Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) by neighbouring countries mandatory. This revised FDI policy aims to curb opportunistic takeovers/acquisitions of Indian companies due to the current Covid-19 pandemic. Key Points FDI in India: FDI is allowed under two modes – either through the automatic route, for which companies don’t need government approval, or through the government … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: G20 SUMMIT

15TH G20 SUMMIT-2020: The G20 Summit 2020 will be held on November 21-22, 2020 in Saudi Arabia’s capital city of Riyadh. Themes of the summit: The 15th G20 Summit will be carried out under the theme of ‘Realizing Opportunities of the 21st Century for All’. It will focus on three aims: Empowering People by creating the … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: What is Biochar?

A new research has shown that Biochar application is more effective in promoting pulses growth and yield in Ghana. Try this PYQ: Q.In the context of which one of the following are the terms ‘pyrolysis and plasma gasification’ mentioned? (CSP 2019) (a) Extraction of rare earth elements (b) Natural gas extraction technologies (c) Hydrogen fuel-based … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: Hard ground swamp deer

Hard ground swamp deer Hard ground swamp deer is also known as Barasingha or Rucervus duvaucelii, the state animal of Madhya Pradesh. It is seeing a revival in the Kanha National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR) after having been perilously close to extinction for a long time. The species now numbers 800, after five decades … Read more

Why Cut-off will remain low in UPSC Prelims 2020

Amid many ups and downs around COVID 19 Pandemic, finally UPSC conducted its UPSC Prelims 2020 civil services examination on October 4th 2020 (Sunday). As the time gap between Mains and Prelims is very less, a fine idea about expected Marks in Prelims is going to be nucleus of preparation strategy. Aspirants being sure about … Read more

UPSC Prelims 2020 Important topics: bird species

Asian Paradise Flycatcher: The amazing Asian Paradise Flycatcher is a impressive medium-sized bird found across all over India.The male Paradise Flycatchers has a long and impressive tail with a with a greyish throat and underparts. Rufous and white forms of an Asiatic paradise flycatcher can be spotted in the thick forests and well-wooded habitats from … Read more