UPSC Prelims 2020 Batch 3: Complete Revision

UPSC Prelims 2020 Batch 3 : Complete Revision of Prelims through 6000+ MCQs will start on 27th January 2020. UPSC Prelims Exam 2020 GS Paper-1 Last Time Revision Notes and Practice Test / Question Bank. UPSC Prelims 2020 Revision

Highlights:

60 Days Online Revision Test Programme

  • 45 Days Concept cum Revision Daily Test
  • 17 Days Prelims Current Affairs Tests
  • Special Test on Economic Survey & Budget
  • Special Test on India Year Book & Mapping
  • Prelims Mock Test Series
  • Prelims Study Material

UPSC Prelims 2020 Batch 3: Complete Revision of Prelims through 6000+ MCQs

Programme Approach

  1. UPSC Prelims is all about managing micro detailing of subjects & handling negative marking. As aspirants tend to get confused about what to study and how to study (i.e. up to what level/extent) for Civil Services Prelims, this programme has been designed to help students to cover whole syllabus effectively within a stipulated time and also have an assessment through test series.
  2. This programme covers the complete syllabus including – History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Science, Environment and Current Affairs with the correct mix of Fundamental and Advance level of study to cover micro detailing of sub-topics & current developments.
  3. 44 Days Concept cum Revision tests for covering basic concepts. In each Test there will be a test of 100 questions (based on the topics given in schedule) followed by Class to cover basic aspects of each topic and approach to handle questions.
  4. 17 days Current Affairs Test covering last 2 years current topics/issues supplemented by notes.
  5. Current Affairs Test will also include updates on Indian Year Book (IYB), PIB, Budget and Economic Survey.
  6. Special Test on Mapping (World & Indian Geography).
  7. Complete Prelims Study Material & Prelims Current Affairs Material will also be provided (It will cover Current Affairs of past 2 years). UPSC Prelims 2020 Revision

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Test Plan

TEST DATE TOPIC Sub Topics Cover
Test 1 27-Jan-2020 GOVERNANCE   Working of Ministries and Department
  Functions of Cabinet Secretariat
  Functions of Central Secretariat
  RTI
  E-Governance
  Citizen Charter
  Governing Institutions
Test 2 28-Jan-2020 GOVERNANCE   Schemes
  Programmes
  Policies
  Vulnerable sector
  Bills
Test 3 29-Jan-2020 GOVERNANCE   Class Continue
Test 4 30-Jan-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Climatology
  Atmosphere
  Inversion of Temp
  Insolation & Heat Budget
  Winds & Pressure Belts
  Air Mass, Fronts Cyclones & Jet Stream
  Precipitation
  Climatic Zone
Test 5 31-Jan-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Class Continue
Test 6 3-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   The origin of the Earth
  The Evolution of the Earth
  Geological History of the Earth
  Earth
  Origin of Life
  Geological Time Scale
  Interior of the Earth
  Geology
  Earthquakes
  Volcano
  Geomorphic Processes
  Distribution of Continents & Oceans   Landforms and their Evolution
  Landforms across the world
Test 7 4-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Class Continue
Test 8 5-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Oceanography
  Hydrosphere
  Submarine Relief Features
  Temperature & Salinity
  Waves, Ocean Currents
  Marine Resources
  Ocean Deposits & Corals
Test 9 6-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Demography
  Human Resource
  Population growth
  Demographic Transition
  Settlements  & Urbanization
Test 10 7-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Soil
  Vegetation resources
  Basic terms related to Agriculture   Productivity of Crops and conditions for growth
Test 11 10-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Mineral resource
  Energy resources
  Industry
  Transport
Test 12 11-Feb-2020 ANCIANT HISTORY   Pre Historic Cultures In India
  Pastoral and Farming Communities   Indus Valley Civilization
  Vedic Society
  Pre Mauryan Period
Test 13 12-Feb-2020 ANCIANT HISTORY   The Mauryan Empire 
  Post-Mauryan India
  Growth of Jainism and Buddhism
  Imperial Guptas
  Harshavardhana
  The Southern Dynasties
Test 14 13-Feb-2020 ANCIANT HISTORY   Visual Art
  Architecture in Ancient India
  Indo-Islamic Architecture
  Modern Architecture
  Indian Paintings
  Pottery Tradition in India
Test 15 14-Feb-2020 INDIAN CULTURE   Music in India
  Dances in India
  Martial Arts in India
  Indian Theatre
  Indian Puppetry
  Indian Cinema
  Religions in India
  Bhakti & Sufi Movements
  Languages & Literature in India
  Miscellaneous Topics
Test 16 17-Feb-2020 MEDIVAL HISTORY   The Establishment of the North Indian Empire
  Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire – Akbar
  State and Government under Akbar   Akbar’s Religious Views
  The Deccan and the Mughals (Upto 1657)
  Foreign Policy of the Mughals
  India in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century
  Aurangzeb – Religious Policies, North India and the Rajputs
  Climax and Crisis of the Mughal Empire the Marathas and the Deccan   Society-Structure and Growth
  Economic Life-Patterns and Prospects
  Religion, Fine Arts, Science and Technology
  Northern India in the First Half of the Eighteenth Century
  The Maratha Bid for Supremacy
Test 17 18-Feb-2020 MODERN HISTROY   The Advent of Europeans In India   The English in Bengal from 1757 TO 1772
  Impact of British Administration
  The Revolt of 1857
  Administrative Changes After 1857
Test 18 19-Feb-2020 MODERN HISTROY   Social reforms in India
  Development of Indian Press
  Development of Education
  Struggle by the Masses
  Terrorist and Revolutionary Movements
Test 19 20-Feb-2020 MODERN HISTROY   The Early Phase of the Freedom Struggle (1900-1915)
  Middle Phase of the Freedom Struggle (1915-1930)
  Closer to Freedom (1930-1947)
Test 20 21-Feb-2020 ENVIRONMENT   Ecology
  Ecological Community
  Ecological Succession: Its types & Process
  Ecosystem and its dynamics
  Ecosystem: Functions, Properties and Dynamics
  Biomagnification
  Biogeochemical Cycles & its types
  Biomes: Forest, Grassland, Mountain, and Desert Ecosystems
  Aquatic Life Zones: Ocean, Rivers, Lakes, and Wetlands
Test 21 24-Feb-2020 ENVIRONMENT   Biodiversity Basics
  Keystone, Indicator, Invasive Species   Biodiversity distribution, uses & values
  Biodiversity Hotspots
  Ecoregion
  Bio piracy
  IUCN classification Scheme
  Biodiversity Conservation
  Ex-Situ & In-Situ
  UNESCO (MAB)
  Conventional Biological Diversity
  Important Bird Areas
Test 22 25-Feb-2020 ENVIRONMENT   Effect of Human Activities on Environment
  Water Resource degradation
  Water Cycle (Hydrological Cycle)
  Minerals & Environmental Degradation
  Mining and Environment
  Impact of Mining
  Deforestation
  Strategies for Reducing Deforestation   Waste Management
  Solid Waste
  Hazardous Waste
  e-Waste
  Environmental Pollution
  Air Pollution
  Water Pollution
  Thermal Pollution
  Soil Pollution or Land Degradation   Noise Pollution
  Solid Waste Management
  Coastal ecosystem management
  Mangroves
  Estuaries
  Coral Reefs
  Steps for Coastal Ecosystem Management
Test 23 26-Feb-2020 ENVIRONMENT   Environmental Impact Assessment   International Environmental Governance
  Urbanization and climate
  Pollution in metros and climate change
  Urban Heat Island
  Impact of agriculture on climate
  Global Warming & Health
  Ozone depletion and Human Health   Sustainable Development
Test 24 27-Feb-2020 ENVIRONMENT   Environmental Laws
  Environment related Institutions and Organizations
  Pollution Control Boards
  National Green Tribunal
  Forest Survey of India
  National Board for Wildlife
  Schemes
  Environment related Institutions and Organizations
Test 25 28-Feb-2020 POLITY   Historical evolution and features   Preamble
  Fundamental rights
  DPSP
Test 26 2-Mar-2020 POLITY   Fundamental duties
  Citizenship
  Panchayats
  The Scheduled And Tribal Areas
  Relations Between The Union And The States
Test 27 3-Mar-2020 POLITY   Services
  Tribunals
  Elections
  Special Provisions Relating To Certain Classes
  Official language provisions
  Emergency provisions
  Amendments
Test 28 4-Mar-2020 POLITY   Union and States
  The President
  Vice President
  Prime Minister
Test 29 5-Mar-2020 POLITY   Council of Ministers
  Attorney General of India
  Parliament
  The Union Judiciary
Test 30 6-Mar-2020 POLITY   Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
  The Governor
  CM
  CoM
Test 31 7-Mar-2020 POLITY   The Advocate-General for the State   State legislature
Test 32 8-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   Basic concepts in Economics
  Micro-economics
  Macro-economics
  Economic Growth
  Major Growth Models
  Harrod-Domar
  Lewis Model
  Rostow stages of growth
  Balance Growth and Big-push model   Dependency theory
  Sen’s Growth theory
  Malthus’ limits on growth, etc
  Basic Features of Indian Economy – 1   Agriculture
  Economic Reforms
Test 33 11-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   Money
  New Monetary Aggregates
  Monetary Policy
  Monetary Policy Committee
  Inflation
  Types of Inflation
  Effects of inflation
  Measures taken by RBI
  Banking
Test 34 12-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   Class Continue
Test 35 13-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   Indian Financial Market
  Importance of Money Market
  Types of Capital Market
  Nature and functions of a stock exchange
  Role of SEBI, IRDA
  Government Budgeting/Deficits
  Budget
  Deficit Financing
  Fiscal Policy – Revenue
  Tax-Direct Tax, Indirect Tax
  Methods of Taxation – Progressive, Regressive Proportional
Test 36 16-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   Subsidies
  Planning
  Objectives of Planning – Major Objective of Planning
  Planning History
  Investment Models
  Classification of Investment
  FDI
  Angel Investors and Start-ups
  Investment Models
  Mutual Funds
Test 37 17-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   External Sector
  Fixed Foreign Currency Market
  Float Foreign Currency Market
  Balance of Payments
  Foreign Portfolio Investment
  Exchange Market
  International Organizations
  Trade agreements
Test 38 18-Mar-2020 ECONOMY
Test 39 19-Mar-2020 ECONOMY
Test 40 20-Mar-2020 ECONOMY
Test 41 23-Mar-2020 SCIENCE AND TECH   Mobile generations
  Telecommunication technologies
  Computer terminologies
  Supercomputer
  Government initiatives
  Policies related to science and technology
  Schemes and institutions
Test 42 24-Mar-2020 SCIENCE AND TECH   Biotechnology terminologies
  Applications of biotechnology
  Biotechnology projects
  Diseases
  Vaccines
Test 43 25-Mar-2020 SCIENCE AND TECH   Space organizations in India
  Space terminologies
  Types of satellites
  Space programmes of India
  Important space missions
  Missile system
  India’s Missile systems
  UAVs
  Submarines
  Latest Defence Updations
Test 44 26-Mar-2020 SCIENCE AND TECH   Technology related to Renewable Energy
  Nuclear technology basics
  India’s Nuclear programme
  Nuclear institutions
  Radiation technologies and applications
Test 45 27-Mar-2020 SCIENCE AND TECH   Nanotechnology terminologies
  Applications of nanotechnology
  Robotics and its types
  Applications of Robotics
Test 46 30-Mar-2020 GEOGRAPHY MAPPING   Mapping (World Geography)
Test 47 31-Mar-2020 GEOGRAPHY MAPPING   Mapping (Indian Geography)
Test 48 15 April, 2020 Polity & National Issues  
Test 49 16 April, 2020 Polity & National Issues
Test 50 17 April, 2020 International Affairs
Test 51 20 April, 2020 Indian Economy
Test 52 21 April, 2020 Indian Economy
Test 53 22 April, 2020 Indian Economy
Test 54 23 April, 2020 Indian Culture
Test 55 24 April, 2020 Environment  
Test 56 27 April, 2020 Environment
Test 57 28 April, 2020 Science & Technology
Test 58 29 April, 2020 Science & Technology
Test 59 30 April, 2020 Economic Survey  
Test 60 1 May, 2020 Economic Survey  
Test 61 4 May, 2020 Indian Budget  
Test 62 5 May, 2020 Governance & India Year Book  
Test 63 6 May, 2020 Governance & India Year Book  
Test 64 7 May, 2020 Governance & India Year Book  

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MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge Yearbook 2020. The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/PCS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and all the Indian states. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India, Indian States regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. UPSC Prelims 2020 Revision

MYUPSC - UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Test Series

Jammu & Kashmir Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Jammu & Kashmir Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for JKPSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State/UT in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

  1. Introduction of Jammu & Kashmir (Static GK)
  2. Current Affairs (whole year)

Jammu & Kashmir Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state/UT. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like JKPSC and Other Jammu & Kashmir PSC Civil services Exams across the State/UT. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams.

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Jammu & Kashmir based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State/UT.

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Jammu & Kashmir General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive. Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020

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Jammu Kashmir Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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Introduction of Jammu & Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir was a region formerly administered by India as a state from 1954 to 2019, constituting the southern and southeastern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India, Pakistan and China since the mid-20th century. The underlying region of this state were parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, whose western districts, now known as Azad Kashmir, and northern territories, now known as Gilgit-Baltistan, are administered by Pakistan. The Aksai Chin region in the east, bordering Tibet, has been under Chinese control since 1962.

After the Government of India repealed the special status accorded to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Indian constitution in 2019, the Parliament of India passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, which contained provisions that dissolved the state and reorganised it into two union territories – Jammu and Kashmir in the west and Ladakh in the east, with effect from 31 October 2019. At the time of its dissolution, Jammu and Kashmir was the only state in India with a Muslim-majority population.

After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947–1948, the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was divided between India (who controlled the regions of Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Ladakh) and Pakistan (who controlled Gilgit–Baltistan and Azad Kashmir). The Indian-administered territories elected a constituent assembly in 1951, which ratified the accession of the state to India in 1954.

In 1956–57, China constructed a road through the disputed Aksai Chin area of Ladakh. India’s belated discovery of this road culminated in the Sino-Indian War of 1962; China has since administered Aksai Chin. Following the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement, recognising a Line of Control in Kashmir, and committing to a peaceful resolution of the dispute through bilateral negotiations. Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020

In August 2019, both houses of the Parliament of India passed resolutions to amend Article 370 and extend the Constitution of India in its entirety to the state, which was implemented as a constitutional order by the President of India. At the same time, the parliament also passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, which contained provisions that dissolved the state of Jammu and Kashmir and established two new union territories: the eponymous union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, and that of Ladakh.

The reorganisation act was assented to by the President of India, and came into effect on 31 October 2019. Prior to these measures, the union government locked down the Kashmir Valley, increased security forces, imposed Section 144 that prevented assembly, and placed political leaders such as former Jammu and Kashmir chief ministers Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti under house arrest. Internet and phone services were also blocked.

The state of Jammu and Kashmir consisted of three divisions: the Jammu Division, the Kashmir Division and Ladakh which are further divided into 22 districts. The Siachen Glacier, while under Indian military control, did not lie under the administration of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Kishtwar, Ramban, Reasi, Samba, Bandipora, Gander bal, Kulgam and Shopian were districts formed in 2008, and their areas are included with those of the districts from which they were formed.

Jammu and Kashmir was the only state in India which had special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India, according to which no law enacted by the Parliament of India, except for those in the field of defence, communication and foreign policy, would be extendable in Jammu and Kashmir unless it was ratified by the state legislature of Jammu and Kashmir. The state was able to define the permanent residents of the state who alone had the privilege to vote in state elections, the right to seek government jobs and the ability to own land or property in the state.

Jammu and Kashmir was the only Indian state to have its own official state flag, along with India’s national flag, in addition to a separate constitution. Designed by the then ruling National Conference, the flag of Jammu and Kashmir featured a plough on a red background symbolizing labour; it replaced the Maharaja’s state flag. The three stripes represented the three distinct administrative divisions of the state, namely Jammu, Valley of Kashmir, and Ladakh.

Jammu and Kashmir is home to several valleys such as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Poonch Valley, Sind Valley and Lidder Valley. The Kashmir valley is 100 km wide and 15,520.3 km2 in area. The Himalayas divide the Kashmir valley from the Tibetan plateau while the Pir Panjal range, which encloses the valley from the west and the south, separates it from the Great Plains of northern India. Along the northeastern flank of the Valley runs the main range of the Himalayas. This valley has an average height of 1,850 metres above sea-level, but the surrounding Pir Panjal range has an average elevation of 10,000 feet. The Jhelum River is the major Himalayan River which flows through the Kashmir valley. The Tawi, Ravi and Chenab are the major rivers flowing through the region.

The climate of Jammu and Kashmir varies greatly owing to its rugged topography. In the south around Jammu, the climate is typically monsoonal, though the region is sufficiently far west to average 40 to 50 mm (1.6 to 2 inches) of rain per months between January and March. In the hot season, Jammu city is very hot and can reach up to 40 °C (104 °F) whilst in July and August, very heavy though erratic rainfall occurs with monthly extremes of up to 650 millimetres (25.5 inches). In September, rainfall declines, and by October conditions are hot but extremely dry, with minimal rainfall and temperatures of around 29 °C (84 °F).

The state of Jammu and Kashmir was accorded special status by Article 370 of the Constitution of India. In contrast to other states of India, Jammu and Kashmir had its own constitution, flag and administrative autonomy. Indian citizens from other states were not allowed to purchase land or property in Jammu and Kashmir.

Jammu and Kashmir had three distinct areas: Hindu-majority Jammu region, Muslim-majority Kashmir Valley and Buddhist-dominated Ladakh. Unrest and violence persisted in the Kashmiri Valley and, following a disputed state election in 1987, an insurgency persisted in protest over autonomy and rights.

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came to power in the 2014 Indian general election and five years later included in their 2019 election manifesto the revocation of Article 370 of the Constitution of India, in order to bring Jammu and Kashmir to equal status with other states.

A resolution to repeal Article 370 was passed by both the houses of the Parliament of India in August 2019. At the same time, a reorganisation act was also passed, which would reconstitute the state into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The reorganisation took effect from 31 October 2019.

Article 370 and 35(A) Revoked

On 5th of August 2019, the President of India promulgated the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019.

The order effectively abrogates the special status accorded to Jammu and Kashmir under the provision of Article 370 – whereby provisions of the Constitution which were applicable to other states were not applicable to Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

According to the Order, provisions of the Indian Constitution are now applicable in the State.

This Order comes into force “at once”, and shall “supersede the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954.”

A separate Bill – the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill 2019 – was introduced to bifurcate the State into two separate union territories of Jammu and Kashmir (with legislature), and Ladakh (without legislature).

Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Second Amendment) Bill, 2019 was also introduced to extend the reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in educational institutions and government jobs in Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020

Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020 - Article 370 and 35 A

J&K acceded to the Dominion of India after the Instrument of Accession was signed by Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947.

Article 370 of the Indian Constitution provided that only Articles 1 and 370 itself would apply to J&K, The application of other Articles was to be determined by the President in consultation with the government of the state.

The Constitution Order of 1950 specified the matters on which the Union Parliament would be competent to make laws for J&K, in concurrence with the Instrument of Accession – 38 Subjects from the Union List were added.

The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954 settled the constitutional relationship of J&K and the Union of India. It made the following provisions:

Indian citizenship and all related benefits (fundamental rights) were extended to the ‘permanent residents’ of Jammu and Kashmir.

Article 35A was added to the Constitution (empowering the state legislature to legislate on the privileges of permanent residents with regard to immovable property, settlement in the state and employment)

Article 370 – Features and Provisions

Present in part XXI of the Indian Constitution which comprises of Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions with rest to various states of India.

•Forms the basis of the “Special Status” of J&K

•Provides for a separate Constitution of J&K

•Limits the Union Parliament’s power to make laws for J&K to those subjects mentioned in the Instrument of Accession (defense, foreign affairs, and communications) and others as and when declared by the Presidential Orders with the concurrence of the Government of the State. Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020

Some Other Useful Links:

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40 : IAS Test Series – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

Important Topics: UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Study Material:Part-1 – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Part-2

Daily News Prescription – 23 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 23 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-23 January 2020. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020. Daily News 23 January

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

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Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Exams 2020

GS2: Governance

Return of bonds (TH) The Supreme Court must give an expeditious decision on the validity of electoral bonds

GS2: International Relations

India, Brazil to sign Strategic Action Plan (TH) India and Brazil will upgrade their strategic partnership with an “action plan” and sign a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT

India, Brazil to sign Strategic Action Plan (TH)  According to officials involved in the planning of the visit, the two countries hope to take their partnership to ‘the next level’ and build on the relationship between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Bolsonaro, who met twice in 2019.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Prime Minister of Nepal K P Sharma Oli jointly Inaugurate Integrated Check Post at Jogbani-Biratnagar (PIB) Jogbani – Biratnagar is an important trade point between the two countries. The ICP is equipped with modern facilities.

Oli seeks resolution of all pending issues with India (Mint) Analysts say Oli’s reference includes a border dispute along the India-Nepal border close to China

GS3: Infrastructure

Producers feel the heat as power distribution losses widen (mint) At least 10 states are losing about a third of the power supplied to their consumers in distribution losses.

GS3: Science and Technology

India, co-builder of Hawaii telescope, wants it shifted out of proposed site (TH) The $2 billion project , a joint venture involving five countries, has been marred by protests for over a decade; proposed site is considered sacred to the island’s indigenous people.

GS2: Governance

SC refuses to stay citizenship law without hearing the govt. (TH) CJI says it is “uppermost in everybody’s minds”, indicates referring CAA challenge to Constitution Bench.

Centre seeks guidelines on the execution of convicts (TH)  Ministry of Home Affairs moves court appealing for a deadline of seven days.

Ending inaction (TH) The Supreme Court ends Speakers’ freedom to do nothing in disqualification cases

GS2: Social issues

India drops 10 ranks in Democracy Index (TH) The survey attributes the primary cause of “the democratic regression” to “an erosion of civil liberties in the country”.

GS2: International Relations

Cabinet approves pact with Brazil on legal cooperation (TH) The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved an agreement on bilateral legal and criminal cooperation

Cabinet approves agreement between India and Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (PIB) Cabinet approves agreement between India and Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters.

Cabinet approves signing of MoU between Brazil and India for bilateral cooperation in the field of early childhood (PIB) It will strengthen the bonds of friendship between the two countries and increase bilateral cooperation on the issues of early childhood care.

GS3: Science and Technology

Meet Vyom Mitra, first Indian ‘woman’ to ride to space (TH) The half-humanoid will simulate human functions before real astronauts take off.

GS3: Environment

India achieves complete phase-out of one the most potent ozone-depleting chemical (PIB) India has successfully achieved the complete phase-out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b, which is a chemical used by foam manufacturing enterprises and one of the most potent ozone-depleting chemical after Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).(HCFC)-141 b is used mainly as a blowing agent in the production of rigid polyurethane (PU) foams.

Some Other Useful Links:

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40 : IAS Test Series – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

Important Topics: UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Study Material:Part-1 – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Part-2

Current Affairs Year Book 2020

Daily News Prescription – 22 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 22 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-22 January 2020. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020. Daily News 22 January

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

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Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Exams 2020

Disqualification Powers of Speakers

The Supreme Court has recently held that disqualification petitions under the tenth schedule should be adjudicated by a mechanism outside Parliament or Legislative Assemblies.The Court has suggested a permanent tribunal headed by a retired Supreme Court judge or a former High Court Chief Justice as a new mechanism. This would require an amendment to the Constitution. Daily News 22 January

Currently, disqualification of members of a House/Assembly is referred to the Speaker of the House/Assembly.

However, for the present, the court said the Speakers should decide Tenth Schedule disqualifications within a “reasonable period”. What is ‘reasonable’ would depend on the facts of each case.

The Court held that unless there are “exceptional circumstances”, disqualification petitions under the Tenth Schedule should be decided by Speakers within three months.

Logic behind the Supreme Court’s Judgement

  • The Supreme Court questioned why a Speaker, who is a member of a particular political party and an insider in the House, should be the “sole and final arbiter” in the disqualification of a political defector.
  • For that matter, it asked why disqualification proceedings under the Tenth Schedule should be kept in-house and not be given to an “outside” authority. It reasoned that even the final authority for removal of a judge is outside the judiciary and in Parliament.
  • The Court held that only swift and impartial disqualification of defectors would give “real teeth” to the Tenth Schedule. Daily News 22 January

Disqualification under the Tenth Schedule

  • The Anti-Defection Law was passed in 1985 through the 52nd amendment to the Constitution. It added the Tenth Schedule to the Indian Constitution. The main intent of the law was to combat “the evil of political defections”.
  • According to it, a member of a House belonging to any political party becomes disqualified for being a member of the House, if
    • He voluntarily gives up his membership of such political party; or
    • He votes or abstains from voting in such House contrary to any direction issued by his political party without obtaining prior permission of such party and such act has not been condoned by the party within 15 days.

32nd interaction of PRAGATI held: Rs 24,000 crores worth projects discussed

On 22 January, 2020, PM Modi chaired the 32nd PRAGATI meet. Under the Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation, the Prime Minister reviewed projects that are being implemented by the union government and their progress.

The Prime Minister discussed 24 projects that were of worth Rs 24,000 crores at the meet. The projects were spread over 9 states namely Telangana, Odisha, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Kerala. It included three projects from Ministry of Railways, one from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and five from Ministry of Road Transport.

Also, the projects under Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Systems and Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana were discussed

Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Tracking System (CCTNS)

The CCTNS was established in 2009 to create comprehensive and integrated system for effective e-governance. It will interconnect 15,000 police stations and digitize data related to FIR registrations. This aids in developing a national database of criminals and crimes.

Previous PRGATI outcomes:

At the 31st PRAGATI interactions, projects worth 12 lakh crores were reviewed. It also discussed grievances of Indian citizens working abroad, Aspirational District Programme, National Agricultural Market and infrastructural development programmes. Around 9 projects that were of 61,000 crores of rupees were taken up for discussion. It included Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir as well.

PRAGATI

PRAGATI was launched by PM Modi in March 2015. It is an interactive platform to address grievances of common people. The issues faced by the implementing agencies are uploaded in the platform on third Wednesday every month.

World Employment and Social Outlook -Trends 2020: ILO

Recently, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) has released the World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2020 (WESO) report.

  • The annual WESO Trends report analyses key labour market issues, including unemployment, labour underutilisation, working poverty, income inequality, labour income share and factors that exclude people from decent work.

Key Points

  • Global Unemployment:
    • The number of people unemployed around the world stands at some 188 million.
    • Some 267 million young people aged 15-24 are not in employment, education or training, and many more endure substandard working condition.
  • Working Poverty:
    • Working poverty is defined as earning less than USD 3.20 per day in purchasing power parity terms.
    • It affects more than 630 million workers or one in five of the global working population.
  • Unpaid Work:
    • 165 million people do not have enough paid work, and 120 million have either given up actively searching for work or otherwise lack access to the labour market.
    • Almost half a billion people are working fewer paid hours than they would like or lack adequate access to paid work.
  • Future Status of Global Unemployment:
    • It is projected to increase by around 2.5 million in 2020. Though, global unemployment has been roughly stable for the last nine years.
    • Moderate or extreme working poverty is expected to increase in 2020-21 in developing countries, increasing the obstacles to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 1 on eradicating poverty everywhere by 2030.

Round-table of UNAIDS

Recently, the high-level roundtable of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) was held at the World Economic Forum at Davos, Switzerland.

Its theme was, “Access for all: Leveraging Innovations, Investments and Partnerships for Health”.

It laid emphasis on accessibility of health to all with innovative technologies and solutions and also on bridging economic inequalities.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

It is leading the global effort to end Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) as a public health threat by 2030 as part of the Sustainable Development Goals. It was started in 1996.

UNAIDS has a vision of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths, and a principle of leaving no one behind.

The UN Political declaration on ending AIDS was adopted in 2016 which seeks to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

It is a set of symptoms or syndrome caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) but it is not necessary that a person infected with HIV will definitely develop AIDS.

A person infected with HIV is likely to develop symptoms of AIDS over a period of time when his/her immune system is too weak to fight HIV infection.

This is the last stage of HIV when the infection is very advanced and if left untreated will lead to death.

A person with HIV whose CD4 (a type of White Blood Cell called T cells) count falls below 200 per cubic millimetre is diagnosed with AIDS.

The risk of HIV progressing to AIDS varies widely between individuals and depends on many factors including:

  • The age of the individual
  • The body’s ability to defend against HIV
  • Access to high quality sanitary healthcare
  • Presence of other infections
  • Individual’s genetic resistance to certain strains of HIV
  • Drug-Resistant strains of HIV
  • Prevention includes safe sex, testing and counselling for HIV, voluntary medical male circumcision among other things.

India Nepal inaugurate new check post, Jogbani-Biratnagar at the border

On January 21, 2020, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Nepalese PM Oli inaugurated an integrated check post (ICP) at Jogbani-Biratnagar. This is the second check post that is being built at the border with Indian Assistance. Daily News 22 January

The aim of the new integrated check post is to facilitate trade and movement of people across the border. The check post was built under assistance of India. India helped in the construction based on its “Neighbourhood First Policy”. The check post was built over 260 acres with Indian assistance of Rs 140 crores.

The first integrated check post of the countries was built at Raxaul-Birgunj in 2018.

Significance

The check posts ensure better border management for the movement of passenger and cargo. They will also help to boost 7 billion USD trade between the countries.

What is Integrated Check Post?

Integrated Check Posts are trade facilitation centres at borders of India. The centres help boost bilateral trade and also help to improve movement of passengers in the border. This helps to generate employment, developing the area surrounding the check post. Ultimately, it helps in overall growth of the economy.

There are 7 Integrated Check Posts in India. The GoI is planning to construct 14 more ICP and 13 Land Customs Stations. The India-Pakistan ICP is located in the states of Punjab and Rajasthan. The following are the other ICPs in the border located at the corresponding states

•        India-Nepal-Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Uttarakhand.

•        India-Myanmar-Manipur and Mizoram

•        India-Bhutan-West Bengal

•        India-Bangladesh-Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and West Bengal.

Start Up India-first time in Republic Parade; Indian Navy

The Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) operating under Ministry of Commerce and Industry is to showcase tableau on Start Up India at the Republic Day Parade to be held at Rajpath, New Delhi. The tableau is to be held under the theme

Theme: Reach for the sky

This is the first time Start Up India is participating at the Parade.

The following are to be represented at the parade:

  • The Tableau will showcase the stages of life cycle of a start-up
  • The front of the tableau depicts creative mind, middle represents kinds of support that are being provided to start ups by the GoI and wheel will depict sectors of Indian Economy that have driven growth employment generation.

The Map of India is to represent the spread of start-up India scheme

According to DPIIT, around 26,000 startups have been recognized. It has reached 551 districts in 28 states. Today, the startup initiative attracts global investments and has created more than 2, 91,000 jobs.

The Indian Navy is to showcase its tableau at the Republic Day parade under the theme

Theme: Indian Navy-Silent, Strong and Swift

It is with the same theme the Indian Navy week was celebrated. It will showcase the fire power of Navy in all three dimensions namely sub-surface, surface and air. The Kalvari class submarine, Harpoon missiles, MiG 29K fighter jets are to be part of the Tableau. Daily News 22 January

Proposal to Change Location of TMT

India, a partner in the construction of Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT), has requested that the project be moved out of the proposed site at Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano in Hawaii, USA.

Key Points:

  • India’s Proposal for Changing the Location:
    • The TMT has been a litigious site since 2014. The project has not made any progress because of regular obstructions.
    • The proposed site is considered sacred to indigenous Hawaiians, and already has too many observatories in the region.
  • Alternate Site:
    • The proposed alternate site to locate the telescope is the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos (ORM) on La Palma in the Canary Islands, Spain.
  • Reasons for Choosing Mauna Kea Initially:
    • Mauna Kea in Hawaii is considered a superior site for telescope establishment because it offers best imaging possibilities, stable weather.
    • Additionally, it also has the necessary infrastructure to manage telescopes as it already hosts several telescopes.
  • India’s Role in TMT:
    • India has committed $200 million, which is about a tenth of the proposed cost.
    • The telescope needs 492 precisely polished mirrors and India is to contribute 83 of them.
    • India, in 2020 stands to get 10% of the available slots. As the level of contribution determines the amount of viewing time, or slots, that the member-countries’ scientists get on the machine.

Thirty Metre Telescope

  • The Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT) will enable scientists to study fainter objects in the universe, which gives information about early stages of evolution of the universe.
  • It will also allow seeing deeper into space and observing cosmic objects with unprecedented sensitivity.
  • With its 30 m prime mirror diameter, TMT will be three times as wide, with nine times more area than the largest currently existing visible-light telescope in the world.
  • The Thirty Metre Telescope is a joint venture (JV) involving following countries namely, USA, Japan, China, India and Canada.

Women Power at Republic Day parade: Tania Shergill and CRPF bikers

The Republic Day parade held at Rajpath every year is one of the largest parades of the world. The parade marches from Rashtrapati Bhawan along Rajpath until India Gate. This year the parade has certain events to express the woman power in the defence sector.

Tania Shergill

In 2020 republic day parade, Tania Shergill becomes the first woman officer to lead all-men contingent. The Contingent was commissioned in March 2017 from Officer Training Academy, Chennai.

First Women CRPF Bikers

All women biker contingent of the Central Reserve Police Force will make their debut showcasing daredevil stunts at the Republic Day parade. The team consists of 65 women CRPF personnel and will display their acrobatic skills on Royal Enfield Bullet motorcycles.

The Contingent is to be commanded by inspector of Rapid Action Force. Rapid Action Force is an anti-riot combat unit of Central Reserve Police Force. CRPF is the world’s largest paramilitary forces with more than 3.25 lakh personnel.

Other firsts of woman power

The CRPF raised the first all women battalion in Asia region in 1986. In 2018, the all women bikers team of the Border Security Force made a similar debut. In 2015, an all women marching contingents of navy, army and air force debuted the national parade. Daily News 22 January

Daily News 22 January - Current Affairs Year Book 2020

Daily News Prescription – 17 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 17 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-17 January 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

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UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40 : IAS Test Series – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

Important Topics: UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Study Material:Part-1 – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Part-2

Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Exams 2020

GS2: Governance

Explained: What is National Investigation Act, why is Chhattisgarh challenging it? (IE) What is the NIA Act, and why is Chhattisgarh challenging it?
 

GS2: Social Issues

No improvement in state of mental health patients, despite legislation (Mint) 4935 people who were cured are still lodged in mental hospitals as they could not be rehabilitated

GS2: International relations

1ST Session of India-Norway Dialogue on Trade & Investment Held in New Delhi (PIB) The first Session of India-Norway Dialogue on Trade & Investment (DTI) was convened in New Delhi on 15-16 January, 2020. The session was based on the Terms of Reference (ToR) signed between India and Norway on 8th January, 2019 in New Delhi, during the visit of Prime Minister of Norway.  This was the first meeting after the signing of DTI.

India to invite Imran Khan for Shanghai Council meet (TH) will be invited to participate in the Heads of Government Council meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation

Talking of Kashmir (TH) For the second time since the government’s decision on Article 370 in August last year, China raised the issue of Kashmir at the United Nations

China, U.S. sign initial trade agreement (TH) The Phase 1 deal, struck last month, is expected to reduce tariffs and boost Chinese purchases of American farm, energy and manufactured goods while addressing some disputes over intellectual property.

GS3: Economy

A contraction in CAD may not be a reason for cheer (Mint) Current account is essentially a record of all trade, net transfers and earning transactions of a country

GS3: Infrastructure

World Bank and Government of India Sign $88 million loan agreement for the implementation of Assam Inland Water Transport Project (PIB)  The Government of India, the Government of Assam and the World Bank signed a loan agreement of $88 million here today to help modernize Assam’s passenger ferry sector that runs on its rivers including the mighty Brahmaputra.

GS3: Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, etc.

Ladakh Food Processing Summit gathers huge participation (PIB) Ladakh Food Processing Summit “Building Partnerships for Inclusive Growth in Food Processing Sector” was organised by the Department of Industries & Commerce, Ladakh in partnership with the Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Government of India and Invest India, the national investment promotion & facilitation agency, in Leh today. Daily News Prescription 2020

GS3: Security

Shri Amit Shah presides over signing of Historic Agreement to end the Bru-Reang Refugee Crisis; Around 34,000 Internally Displaced People to be settled in Tripura (PIB) Around 34,000 Internally Displaced People to be settled

34,000 Bru refugees to be settled in Tripura (TH) the signing of a quadripartite pact of MHA with the State governments of Tripura, Mizoram and Bru community

Adjusted Gross Revenue case: SC dismissal of telcos’ plea may hit consumer services (IE) Adjusted Gross Revenue case: SC dismissal of telcos’ plea may hit consumer

Explained: Sikhs to be counted as separate ethnic group in US. What does it mean? (IE) Sikhs in the US will be counted as a separate ethnic group in the 2020

Explained: Decade ended 2019 hottest ever, last year the second hottest (IE) Since the 1960s, each decade has been significantly warmer than the previous one. This trend continued in the 2010s, and five of the hottest years ever were experienced in the second half of the decade. Daily News Prescription 2020

Daily News Prescription 2020 for UPSC PSC Exams 2020, MYUPSC UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series

MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. UPSC IAS General Studies.

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40 : IAS Test Series

The UPSC IAS Preliminary Test is by far the most challenging stage of the Civil Services Examination with nearly 5 lakh candidates taking the test each year. After GS Paper 2 – CSAT was made qualifying in 2015, the GS Paper- 1 has assumed greater significance in deciding the success of a candidate in the Preliminary Test which seeks to eliminate non-serious candidates from entering the Main Examination. With mere 100 questions deciding your entry into the Main Examination, the room for error in this stage is minuscule. In addition to changes in the pattern of Preliminary Test, GS Paper 1 is subjected to frequent changes in terms of the nature of the questions that appear in it. While the GS 1 paper from 2010-2014 focused on the conceptual understanding in conventional areas, in 2015 and 2016 the emphasis was on factual current events. On the other hand, the 2017, 2018 and 2019 papers tested the creative intelligence and problem solving skills of the candidates. The GS Paper 1 from 2017-19 was an interesting mix of questions ranging from epistemological understanding of important political underpinnings like liberty, equality etc to most contemporary issues like Google tax, AI, Block chain technology, UPI etc. Keeping in view the web of complexities the Exam can throw at you, we are striving to keep abreast with the dynamics of the Preliminary Test. UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40

For simplicity, preparation for the upsc preliminary test can be divided into number of stages. The initial stages involve concept building and syllabus coverage followed by organizing the study material and revision. MYUPSC has the distinction of consistently delivering in this stage of your preparation through the online test programme, current affairs related upload & publications and yellow books (study material). Besides, our recent initiatives like current affairs-Yearbook 2020, online student portal, monthly recitals, summaries of magazines etc provide year-round additional support for continuous updation of the study material. However, concept building and syllabus coverage constitute only the 1st stage of upsc prelims preparation. Continuous assessment and exam-focused performance improvement through tests is the next important stage which completes the full circle of your upsc prelims preparation. UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40

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In the Preliminary Test, MCQs are a chosen method of evaluation as they maintain consistency, efficiency, transparency and most importantly objectivity. Every year the Preliminary test is conducted by the UPSC on the last Sunday of May or the first week of June. This year the Prelim Test is scheduled to be held on 31 st May 2020.

In line with our motto ‘evaluate yourself before UPSC evaluates you’, we are pleased to announce the launch of Civil Services Preliminary Test Series 2020. The Test Series programme for 2020 will be held till May 2020. The MYUPSC.COM mock tests are so designed to simulate the Preliminary test conducted by the UPSC.  The OMR-based mock tests will be a simulation of exam-like conditions to train you to react and respond to challenges the exam throws at you. The tests are designed and developed by a coterie of experts with a keen eye on the examination pattern. MYUPSC.COM is exclusive in its approach towards the Prelim test series as it provides explanatory lectures by its experienced faculty, along with solutions and explanatory answers. The test series will support the candidates, through long months of preparation, to check their progress and improve their performance consistently. UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40

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The nature of questions will check your clarity of thought, conceptual understanding, and consistency in your preparation. Also the explanatory notes to the questions are provided to help you make amends you may need to make in your thought process along with additional information you may have missed in the preparatory phase. The Test Series will also include ample number of practice tests for GS Paper I to leave no stone unturned. The provision of online mode with an all-India rank list will help you to fairly assess your position in the competition. While being competitive is the only way to win a competition, continuous improvement is the only path to stay competitive, which is sole focus of MYUPSC IAS Preliminary Test Series 2020. UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40

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  3. There will be full length REVISION TEST after every 5 Tests. This helps in timetaly revision of every important topic you have read, including current affairs, before you move on to new topics.
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Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

MYUPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Solved Test 11

MYUPSC! Daily News Prescription – 9 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 9 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

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Current Affairs 9 January 2020

GS1: India’s freedom struggle

Explained: Who was Ashfaqullah Khan, why did the British hang him (IE) The Uttar Pradesh government has recently announced it will build…

Explained: What is Epiphany festival, who are the 3 kings celebrated on this day? (IE) In Goa, the celebration is known by its Portuguese name ‘Festa dos Reis’,

GS2: Governance

Cabinet nod for FDI in coal mining (TH) The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved an ordinance to amend two laws to ease mining rules, enabling foreign direct investment in coal sector.

Re-grassing is mandatory after mining, rules SC The Supreme Court has directed the Central Government to impose a … Mandatory Conditions For Re-Grassing Mining Area After Operations .

Revised norms for data-led probes (TH)  Revised norms for data-led probes. The Union Home Ministry has said that before seeking information about a person’s e-mail account ….

Explained: Voting at the GST Council (IE) The tradition of deciding by consensus has been broken, and the Council could now see voting on other issues as well. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

GS2: International Relations

Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space for Peaceful and Civilian Purposes (PIB) Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space for Peaceful…

Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Sweden on cooperation in Polar Science (PIB) Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Sweden on cooperation in Polar Science.

Cabinet approves ratification of Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement between India and France (PIB) Cabinet approves ratification of Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement between India and France.

Cabinet okays mobility pact with France to boost people-to-people contacts (Mint) The agreement had been signed between India and France

Press Brief on Operation Sankalp (PIB) Press Brief on Operation Sankalp. In the backdrop of the deteriorating security situation in the Gulf region, post attacks on merchant ships
 

GS3: Infrastructure

₹5,559 crore to set up northeast gas grid (TH) The 1,656-km North-East Natural Gas Pipeline Grid will connect Guwahati in Assam to major cities in the region

NITI Aayog proposes draft guidelines for private trains (Mint) Niti Aayog and Indian Railways have come out with a discussion paper for running 150 trains on 100 routes by private operators,

GS3: Economy

CCI Releases ‘Market Study on E-commerce in India: Key Findings and Observations’ (PIB) The Competition Commission of India (CCI) released a Report titled ‘Market Study on E-commerce in India

MHA issues Revised Guidelines for Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (PIB) The MHA has issued Revised Guidelines for Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters in December 2019

GS3: Science and Technology

Indian cobra genome decoded: how this knowledge can help fight snakebite (IE) Indian cobra genome decoded: how this knowledge can help fight

This word means Goldilocks zone (IE) Where a planet is just the right distance from its star to sustain liquid water — and possibly life.

‘World’s most efficient lithium-sulfur battery’ developed: How it works, why it matters (IE) Researchers have developed this new Li-S battery. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

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GS1: Modern History

Explained: Savitribai Phule’s impact on women’s education in India (IE) Even though her poems, which were written in Marathi, she advocated values such as humanism, liberty, equality, brotherhood, rationalism and the importance of education among others.

GS1: Indian Geography

The IMD says India has just finished a satisfactory northeast monsoon. What is this monsoon? (IE)  The year that just went by witnessed the rare meteorological coincidence of the northeast (winter) monsoon making its onset on the same day as the southwest monsoon withdrew officially.

GS1: Modern History

Explained: Who was Lord Curzon, to whose table the West Bengal Governor recently referred? (IE) Lord Curzon, India’s Viceroy between 1899 and 1905, was one of the most controversial and consequential holders of that post. The partition of the undivided Bengal Presidency in 1905 was one of Curzon’s most criticised moves

GS2: International Relations

Explained: Why Gen Soleimani mattered (IE) The killing by the US of Iran’s military and intelligence commander has raised concerns about worldwide ripple effects. What made Gen Qassem Soleimani so important, and what was the Quds Force he headed?

Global tensions may put pressure on oil import bill (Mint) Considering India imports more than 80% of its oil requirements, any increase in crude oil price is always a cause for concern.

GS2: Governance

Don’t punish a child for marrying a female adult, says Supreme Court (TH) SC says Section 9 of Child Marriage Act is only concerned with punishment for male adult marrying a child.

All India Judicial Service no panacea, says study (TH) Vidhi report points out several issues in pitching AIJS as a solution to judicial vacancies

NHRC tells Rajasthan to explain Kota deaths (TH) The National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) on Friday issued a notice to the Rajasthan government in connection with the deaths of over 100 children

Special provisions likely for J&K residents in jobs, land rights (TH) Government mulls Himachal model to regulate land ownership.

Kerala Assembly’s special session passing a resolution recently, demanding that the Centre rescind the Citizenship (Amendment) Act,(TH)  ‘Assembly duty-bound to intervene when Constitution is under threat’

Missing the wood (TH) Rather than denounce Kerala’s CAA resolution, Centre must seek to understand the objections

GS2: Governance

Data mismatch: Is rural India 100% open defecation-free like Swachh Bharat data concludes? (TH)

While data released by the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) showed that all the villages in many States were open defecation-free, data from a recent survey by the National Statistical Office debunk this claim

NITI Ayog’s SDG report flags huge worries about hunger, poverty in India (DTE) India’s standing vis-a-vis United Nations-mandated goals has improved marginally, but the country has slipped in key areas, related to food security, livelihood and standard of living.

When defection is a mere detour for an MLA (TH) It is possible to avoid Karnataka-like incidents if MLAs jumping ship are completely disqualified for six years

Mannequins to handle traffic surveillance (TH) Dummy police also equipped with secret cameras to take pictures of violations

GS2: Social Issues

Delivering TB vaccine intravenously vastly improves efficacy: study (TH) Nine of the 10 animals that received the vaccine were highly protected when exposed to TB bacteria six months after vaccination

GS2: Schemes for Vulnerable sections of society.

Minimising the housing divide (TH) India requires an integrated housing development strategy for the rural context

GS3: Infrastructure

Explained: What Railways restructure means (IE) The government has decided to trim the Railway Board, and merge service cadres. How were the Railways being run so far, and why was an overhaul felt necessary? And why has it upset civil servants in Railways?

GS3: Science and Technology

PM inaugurates the 107th Indian Science Congress (PIB) Delivering the inaugural address, the Prime Minister said, “The growth story of India depends on its achievements in the Science & Technology sector. There is a need to revolutionise the landscape of Indian Science Technology and Innovation.

GS3: Environment

In 2019, 95 tiger deaths in India, 22 incidents of poaching, says MoEFCC  (TH) ‘Less than 100 tiger deaths for the first time in three years’

GS3: Science and Technology

In Haryana, scientists develop India’s own brain template, Brahma (Mint) Brahma will be a crucial guide for Indian scientists to study intrinsic details about the anatomy of the Indian brain

 India boosts radar satellite count with two launches in 2019 (TH) Among the significant but low-profile Indian space missions of 2019 were the launches of two Radar Imaging Satellites, RISAT-2B and RISAT-2BR1.

GS3: Economy

Should the FM tweak direct taxes to spur the economy? (TH) A small reduction will not impact slowdown, but will provide some relief to the salaried classes.

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Insights Revision Through MCQs – 01 November 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 31 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 30 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 29 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 28 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 26 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 25 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 24 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 23 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 22 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 21 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 19 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 18 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 16 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 15 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 14 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 12 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 11 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 10 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 09 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 08 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 07 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 05 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 04 October 2019

Insights Revision Through MCQs – 03 October 2019

Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

MYUPSC ! IAS ! UPSC Prelims Exam 2020 Test 10

MYUPSC.COM – UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Mock Test for Civil Services Examination, IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test Series for UPSC Prelims Aspirants. UPSC IAS Prelims Test 10 Solution free download. myupsc.com is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.

2018 Prelims- 33+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme 

2019 Prelims- 40+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

JOIN OUR TELEGRAM CHANNEL FOR REGULAR UPDATES

myupsc.com – UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Mock Test for Civil Services Examination, IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test Series for UPSC Prelims Aspirants. UPSC IAS Prelims Test 9 Solution free download

There are Full Length 60 Very High Quality Tests that match very UPSC standard (acknowledged by hundreds of toppers every year).

  1. These 60 Tests are structured in such a way as to help you start from scratch and gradually gain advanced knowledge through self study using standard textbooks and multiple revisions.
  2. First 10 Tests are based on all Important NCERT Textbooks (New NCERTs).
  3. There will be full length REVISION TEST after every 5 Tests. This helps in timetaly revision of every important topic you have read, including current affairs, before you move on to new topics.
  4. Every Test will cover Current Affairs comprehensively from May 1, 2019. This helps you read and revise current affairs from the beginning.
  5. All tests will cover previous year question papers of UPSC civil services. NDA, CDS, IES, CAPF exams. This feature helps you understand the expectations of UPSC and prepare accordingly.
  6. Every test will cover 10 percent of previous test’s syllabus. This is to let you not forget what you have read for first test and thereafter. Helps you revise previous tests before the next test.
  7. There will be section-wise analysis of your performance in each test. This helps you know where you need to put extra efforts to prepare well for your weakest areas.
  8. Unlimited access to previous tests in the form of PDFs.

This test series will seriously prepare you to tackle actual exam with full confidence.

MYUPSC – UPSC CSP (2020) Test series will strategically provide its students with an in-depth coverage of the syllabus and scientifically designed revision plans covering the entire static and current portions (multiple times). With the help of guidance, we aim to make sure that our students are exam ready, with all the skills and tools needed to handle any surprise UPSC throws at them.

Unique Features of MYUPSC Prelims Test Series

  1. Comprehensive coverage of entire syllabus of UPSC CSP exam through UPSC standard MCQs
  2. Sectional Tests have been designed in a manner that students can cover each subject comprehensively in sufficient time and can evaluate his/her performance through our tests
  3. Strictly adhering to UPSC pattern, the nature of questions ranges from factual to conceptual, proportionally dividing in each of the Test Papers
  4. Options of MCQs have also been arranged in such a manner that elimination tactics can be applied by students while solving questions
  5. All tests will be conducted in same manner as in real examination hall which helps in better time management and prepare students to solve MCQs correctly under exam pressure

Performance Analysis of aspirants, Section wise analysis, Difficulty Analysis, All India Rank, comparison with toppers, Integrated Score Card, Analysis of Mock Test papers based on difficulty level & nature of questions etc. will be provided to students. It will help in evaluating their performance and course correction.

myupsc.com – UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Mock Test for Civil Services Examination, IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test Series for UPSC Prelims Aspirants. UPSC IAS Prelims Test 9 Solution free download.

Download UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Test – 10 Solution

Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

MYUPSC ! IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test 10

MYUPSC ! IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test 9

myupsc.com – UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Mock Test for Civil Services Examination, IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test Series for UPSC Prelims Aspirants. UPSC IAS Prelims Test 9 Solution free download. Myupsc.com is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.

2018 Prelims- 33+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme 

2019 Prelims- 40+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

JOIN OUR TELEGRAM CHANNEL FOR REGULAR UPDATES

myupsc.com – UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Mock Test for Civil Services Examination, IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test Series for UPSC Prelims Aspirants. UPSC IAS Prelims Test 9 Solution free download

There are Full Length 60 Very High Quality Tests that match very UPSC standard (acknowledged by hundreds of toppers every year).

  1. These 60 Tests are structured in such a way as to help you start from scratch and gradually gain advanced knowledge through self study using standard textbooks and multiple revisions.
  2. First 10 Tests are based on all Important NCERT Textbooks (New NCERTs).
  3. There will be full length REVISION TEST after every 5 Tests. This helps in timetaly revision of every important topic you have read, including current affairs, before you move on to new topics.
  4. Every Test will cover Current Affairs comprehensively from May 1, 2019. This helps you read and revise current affairs from the beginning.
  5. All tests will cover previous year question papers of UPSC civil services. NDA, CDS, IES, CAPF exams. This feature helps you understand the expectations of UPSC and prepare accordingly.
  6. Every test will cover 10 percent of previous test’s syllabus. This is to let you not forget what you have read for first test and thereafter. Helps you revise previous tests before the next test.
  7. There will be section-wise analysis of your performance in each test. This helps you know where you need to put extra efforts to prepare well for your weakest areas.
  8. Unlimited access to previous tests in the form of PDFs.

This test series will seriously prepare you to tackle actual exam with full confidence.

MYUPSC – UPSC CSP (2020) Test series will strategically provide its students with an in-depth coverage of the syllabus and scientifically designed revision plans covering the entire static and current portions (multiple times). With the help of guidance, we aim to make sure that our students are exam ready, with all the skills and tools needed to handle any surprise UPSC throws at them.

Unique Features of MYUPSC Prelims Test Series

  1. Comprehensive coverage of entire syllabus of UPSC CSP exam through UPSC standard MCQs
  2. Sectional Tests have been designed in a manner that students can cover each subject comprehensively in sufficient time and can evaluate his/her performance through our tests
  3. Strictly adhering to UPSC pattern, the nature of questions ranges from factual to conceptual, proportionally dividing in each of the Test Papers
  4. Options of MCQs have also been arranged in such a manner that elimination tactics can be applied by students while solving questions
  5. All tests will be conducted in same manner as in real examination hall which helps in better time management and prepare students to solve MCQs correctly under exam pressure

Performance Analysis of aspirants, Section wise analysis, Difficulty Analysis, All India Rank, comparison with toppers, Integrated Score Card, Analysis of Mock Test papers based on difficulty level & nature of questions etc. will be provided to students. It will help in evaluating their performance and course correction.

myupsc.com – UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Mock Test for Civil Services Examination, IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test Series for UPSC Prelims Aspirants. UPSC IAS Prelims Test 9 Solution free download.

Download UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Test – 9 Solution

Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

MYUPSC ! IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test 9

Daily Current Affairs 30 December 2019

MYUPSC.COM Daily Current Affairs 30 December 2019 covered from The Hindu, Indian Express and PIB for UPSC IAS Prelims, Mains and Other State PSC Exams. MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

JOIN OUR TELEGRAM CHANNEL FOR REGULAR UPDATES

GS2: Governance

Governance Index: On study of States on governance (TH) Marking States on different parameters can incentivise performance

3 years on, a mere 30% of Poshan Abhiyaan funds used (TH) The State governments and the Union Territories utilised a mere 30% of the funds released under the Poshan Abhiyaan, or the National Nutrition Mission, since it was launched in 2017.

What is the directive on detention centres? (TH) Those likely to be excluded from the NPR-NRC have a number of apprehensions. How have States responded?

Supreme Court rules flouted in demand for damages (TH) Guidelines mandate court-monitored process of assessment based on evidence
 

GS2: International Relations

Taliban council agrees to cease-fire in Afghanistan (TH) A cease-fire had been demanded by Washington before any peace agreement, which would allow the U.S. to bring home its troops, could be signed

GS3: Indian Economy

No extra charge on payments via RuPay, UPI from January 1 (TH) Nirmala Sitharaman announced that the MDR charges for businesses with over ₹50 crore annual revenues will be waived off from January 1, 2020.

FPI flows cross ₹1-lakh crore in 2019 (TH) Cumulative flows since September pegged at about ₹51,500 crore

Bank deposit cover set for increase (TH) DICGC proposes raising cover from the current ₹1 lakh to ₹3 lakh-₹5 lakh

Reforms restored PSBs’ health (TH) The Ministry of Finance on Saturday said that the health of public sector banks which have been reeling under non-performing assets for the last few years has been restored and a total of 13 banks reported profits in the first half of the current financial year.

GS3: Science and Technology

Shape of Sun’s corona accurately predicted (TH) The advance prediction gives a large window of preparedness for space weather variations

Biomarkers for glioma brain tumour found in peripheral blood (TH) These can be used for prognosis and early diagnosis of the most aggressive glioblastoma.

GS3: Environment

Madhya Pradesh gets its first elephant colony (TH) 38 elephants who strayed into Bandhavgarh last year have stayed bac

MYUPSC ! IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test 7

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

JOIN OUR TELEGRAM CHANNEL FOR REGULAR UPDATES

2018 Prelims- 33+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme 

2019 Prelims- 40+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme

There are Full Length 60 Very High Quality Tests that match very UPSC standard (acknowledged by hundreds of toppers every year).

  1. These 60 Tests are structured in such a way as to help you start from scratch and gradually gain advanced knowledge through self study using standard textbooks and multiple revisions.
  2. First 10 Tests are based on all Important NCERT Textbooks (New NCERTs).
  3. There will be full length REVISION TEST after every 5 Tests. This helps in timetaly revision of every important topic you have read, including current affairs, before you move on to new topics.
  4. Every Test will cover Current Affairs comprehensively from May 1, 2019. This helps you read and revise current affairs from the beginning.
  5. All tests will cover previous year question papers of UPSC civil services. NDA, CDS, IES, CAPF exams. This feature helps you understand the expectations of UPSC and prepare accordingly.
  6. Every test will cover 10 percent of previous test’s syllabus. This is to let you not forget what you have read for first test and thereafter. Helps you revise previous tests before the next test.
  7. There will be section-wise analysis of your performance in each test. This helps you know where you need to put extra efforts to prepare well for your weakest areas.
  8. Unlimited access to previous tests in the form of PDFs.

This test series will seriously prepare you to tackle actual exam with full confidence.

MYUPSC – UPSC CSP (2020) Test series will strategically provide its students with an in-depth coverage of the syllabus and scientifically designed revision plans covering the entire static and current portions (multiple times). With the help of guidance, we aim to make sure that our students are exam ready, with all the skills and tools needed to handle any surprise UPSC throws at them.

Unique Features of MYUPSC Prelims Test Series

  1. Comprehensive coverage of entire syllabus of UPSC CSP exam through UPSC standard MCQs
  2. Sectional Tests have been designed in a manner that students can cover each subject comprehensively in sufficient time and can evaluate his/her performance through our tests
  3. Strictly adhering to UPSC pattern, the nature of questions ranges from factual to conceptual, proportionally dividing in each of the Test Papers
  4. Options of MCQs have also been arranged in such a manner that elimination tactics can be applied by students while solving questions
  5. All tests will be conducted in same manner as in real examination hall which helps in better time management and prepare students to solve MCQs correctly under exam pressure

Performance Analysis of aspirants, Section wise analysis, Difficulty Analysis, All India Rank, comparison with toppers, Integrated Score Card, Analysis of Mock Test papers based on difficulty level & nature of questions etc. will be provided to students. It will help in evaluating their performance and course correction.

Daily Current Affairs 26 December 2019

MYUPSC.COM Daily Current Affairs 26 December 2019 covered from The Hindu, Indian Express and PIB for UPSC IAS Prelims, Mains and Other State PSC Exams. MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

JOIN OUR TELEGRAM CHANNEL FOR REGULAR UPDATES

Swadesh Darshan Scheme

It is launched by Tourism Ministry

Objective: to develop theme-based tourist circuits in the country. These tourist circuits will be developed on the principles of high tourist value, competitiveness and sustainability in an integrated manner.

Under the Scheme 15 circuits have been identified for development namely Himalayan Circuit, North East Circuit, Krishna Circuit, Buddhist Circuit and Coastal Circuit, Desert Circuit, Tribal Circuit, Eco Circuit, Wildlife Circuit, Rural Circuit, Spiritual Circuit, Ramayana Circuit, Heritage Circuit, Tirthankar Circuit and Sufi Circuit.

Features of Swadesh Darshan Scheme:

100% centrally funded 

Funding of individual project will vary from state to state 

A National Steering Committee (NSC)

A Mission Directorate 

Chief of Defence Staff

The Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) has approved the creation of a chief of defence staff (CDS).

He will be the single-point military adviser to the government as suggested by the Kargil Review Committee in 1999.
CDS oversees and coordinates the working of the three Services.

Conditions:

He will be a Four-star General.

Not eligible to hold any Government office after demitting the office of CDS.

No private employment without prior approval for a period of five years after demitting the office of CDS.

Roles and functions:

CDS will provide “single-point military advice” to the government, inject synergy in planning, procurements and logistics in the armed forces.

It will ensure integration of land-air-sea operations through the eventual setting up of theatre commands.
The CDS will also function as the military advisor to the PM-led Nuclear Command Authority, as also have direct command of tri-Service organizations to handle the new warfare domains of space and cyberspace.

Mission Shat Pratishat

The Punjab Education Department recently launched Mission Shat Pratishat to achieve 100 per cent result in classes 5, 8, 10, and 12 of government schools.

The Mission was launched in September 2019 by the Punjab education department.

It aimed to improve the results of the government schools in terms of pass percentage in the 10th and 12th board examinations.

WhatsApp groups of teachers, students, and parents by different subject teachers have been formed to ensure proper coordination as well as sharing of good practices.

Model question papers have been prepared for every subject and students are being made to solve them.

Oxygen Parlour” At Nashik Railway Station

To battle rising air pollution in cities, an ”Oxygen Parlour” has been opened at Nashik railway station.

It aims to provide an experience of breathing clean air to the commuters.

The initiative comes with the efforts of the Airo Guard in collaboration with the Indian Railways.

The parlour contains some unique plants that better absorb the five most harmful pollutants from the air.

Atal Bihari Vajpayee Tunnel

The government will name the strategic tunnel under Rohtang Pass after former prime minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee on his birth anniversary on December 25th.

Key facts:

The 8.8-km-long tunnel is the world’s longest above an altitude of 3,000 metres.

The tunnel will cut through Pir Panjal range.

The tunnel provides a temporary winter link to the outside world not only to residents of Lahaul and Spiti but also to those living in Zanskar Valley of Ladakh.

The Seri nullah default zone lies inside the tunnel.

Bar-Headed Goose

Also known as Anser indicus, it is known to be one of the highest flying birds in the world. It can fly at altitudes of 25,000 feet, while migrating over the Himalayas, where oxygen and temperature levels are extremely low.

The species has been reported as migrating south from Tibet, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Russia before crossing the Himalaya.

It is classified as “Least Concerned” as per the IUCN Red List.

Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

MAHABALIPURAM’S CHINA CONNECTION

Mahabalipuram-china-india-summit-Prime minister modi meet xi jinping.

Mahabalipuram or Mamallapuram where PM Modi will meet China’s President Xi Jinping on October 11 & 12 in an informal Wuhan-style summit had ancient links with Buddhism and China through the maritime outreach of the Pallava dynasty. #mahabalipuram’s china connection

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

(Batch-2) IAS Prelims 2020 Test Series

The Pallavas:

  • The name Mamallapuram derives from Mamallan, or “great warrior”, a title by which the Pallava King Narasimhavarman I (630-668 AD) was known.
  • It was during his reign that Hiuen Tsang, the Chinese Buddhist monk-traveller, visited the Pallava capital at Kanchipuram.
  • Narasimhavarman II (c.700-728 AD) aka Rajasimhan built on the work of earlier Pallava kings to consolidate maritime mercantile links with Southeast Asia.
  • The Descent of the Ganga/Arjuna’s Penance, a rock carving commissioned by Narasimhavarman I, with its depiction of the Bhagirathi flowing from the Himalayas, may serve as a reminder of the geography of India-China relations, and their shared resources.
  • Tamil-Chinese links continued after the Pallavas, flourishing under the Cholas as the Coromandel coast became the entrepot between China and the Middle East.

Overseas Mission:

  • He sent a mission to the Tang court in 720 with a request that would seem unusual in the context of India-China relations today.
  • The emissaries of the Pallava king sought the permission of Emperor Xuangzong to fight back Arab and Tibetan intrusions in South Asia.
  • Pleased with the Indian king’s offer to form a coalition against the Arabs and Tibetans, the Chinese emperor bestowed the title of ‘huaide jun’ (the Army that Cherishes Virtue) to Narayansimha II’s troops.
  • The offer of help by the Pallava ruler, Sen noted, may have had more to do with furthering trade and for the prestige of association with the Chinese emperor, rather than any real prospect of helping him to fight off enemies in the faraway north.

Continuing Connections:

  • In later centuries, the Coromandel coast retained its importance for trade between China and the west.
  • In the 17th and 18th centuries, it was a staging post for the Dutch, French and British for control of the seas between South Asia and SE Asia, as the Europeans fought to protect their trade routes with China and other countries in the region.
  • The ancient port city of Pondicherry, 80 km south of Mahabalipuram, was a French colony famous for its Chinese exports known as “Coromandel goods”, including crepe de chine.
  • Today the UT, with its French legacy, Tamil residents, Bengali and international devotees of Sri Aurobindo, is among the most diverse and cosmopolitan of cities in South India.

Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Source

GOVERNMENT PROCURED ONLY 3% OF OILSEEDS AND PULSES UNDER PM-AASHA

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

(Batch-2) IAS Prelims 2020 Test Series

GOVERNMENT PROCURED ONLY 3% OF OILSEEDS AND PULSES UNDER PM-AASHA

Why in News?

  • Data from Agriculture Ministry has indicated that only less than 3% of this season’s sanctioned amount of pulses and oilseeds have actually been procured so far under the once-hyped PM-AASHA scheme.

About PM-AASHA:

  • The PM-AASHA or Pradhan Mantri Annadata Aay Sanrakshan Abhiyan was announced with great fanfare in September 2018, as an effort to ensure that farmers growing pulses, oilseeds and copra actually get the minimum support prices they are promised for their crops each year.
  • Apart from initiatives to allow cash payment to farmers or procurement by private traders, PM-AASHA’s main feature was a price support scheme whereby Central agencies would procure pulses and oilseeds directly from farmers.
  • The three schemes that are part of AASHA are:
    • The Price Support Scheme (PSS)
    • The Price Deficiency Payment Scheme (PDPS)
    • The Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist Scheme (PPPS)
  • PSS – Under the PSS, physical procurement of pulses, oilseeds and copra will be done by Central Nodal Agencies.
  • Besides, NAFED and Food Cooperation of India will also take up procurement of crops under PSS.
  • The expenditure and losses due to procurement will be borne by the Centre.
  • PDPS – Under the PDPS, the Centre proposes to cover all oilseeds.
  • The difference between the MSP and actual selling/modal price will be directly paid into the farmer’s bank account.
  • Farmers who sell their crops in recognised mandis within the notified period can benefit from it.
  • PPSS – In the case of oilseeds, States will have the option to roll out PPSSs in select districts.
  • Under this, a private player can procure crops at MSP when market prices drop below MSP.
  • The private player will then be compensated through a service charge up to a maximum of 15% of the MSP.
  • The Centre had budgeted ₹15,053 crore over two years to implement the scheme apart from an additional government credit guarantee of ₹16,550 crore for agencies undertaking procurement.
  • It was launched as increasing MSP was not adequate and it is more important that farmers should get full benefit of the announced MSP.
  • Crops covered under the Scheme for this Season:
  • The main crops covered under the scheme this season are moong, urad, arhar, and groundnut and soya bean.
  • The late arrival of the monsoon means that harvests and crop arrivals also began slightly later than expected, especially for arhar or tur dal, so procurement is likely to continue, though tapering, until February.

Issues Associated with the MSP Scheme:

  • The scheme provides little to strengthen the procurement mechanism infrastructure in the country which largely only works for two crops – wheat and rice.
  • According to a survey conducted by the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) in the 70th round in 2013, only 6% of farmers are able to sell their produce at MSP.
  • A 2017 study found that only 24% households were aware about the MSP of crops grown by them.
  • Further, the study found, although MSP is announced for the whole of India, the operation is limited only to few states where the designated government agencies procure the produce from farmers and except for crops like rice and wheat, quantity procured is very limited leading to low level of awareness.
  • According to a 2016 NITI Aayog evaluation report 79% farmers were dissatisfied with the MSP regime.
  • Some of the reasons for their dissatisfaction were delay in payments, lack of infrastructure at procurement centres, distance to procurement centres and delayed announcement of MSP rates.
  • NITI Aayog’s evaluation also found that there were several states where the procurement infrastructure facilities were ‘inadequate’.

What is the Current Issue regarding the PM-AASHA?

  • Procurement is still lagging badly in most States.
  • The highest sanctioned procurement is in Maharashtra, where 10 lakh tonnes of soya bean procurement were sanctioned, apart from 58,000 tonnes of moong and urad dal. However, barely 1,709 tonnes have been procured in the State so far, including just 14 tonnes of soya bean.
  • The highest procurement so far has taken place in Rajasthan, where more than 51,000 tonnes of moong and groundnut have been procured, against a total sanctioned amount of 9.6 lakh tonnes.
  • While almost 5 lakh tonnes had been sanctioned in Madhya Pradesh, and 1.18 lakh tonnes in Uttar Pradesh, procurement has not yet begun in either State.

NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (NFSM) – OILSEEDS AND OIL PALM

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

(Batch-2) IAS Prelims 2020 Test Series

NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION (NFSM) – OILSEEDS AND OIL PALM

Why in News?

  • The Government is implementing the National Food Security Mission (NFSM) – Oilseeds and Oil Palm to increase production of oilseeds and domestic availability of Edible Oils.

NFSM – Oilseeds and Oil Palm:

  • This scheme is under implementation in 29 States and has three subcomponents namely, Oilseeds, Oil palm and Tree Borne Oilseeds (TBOs).
  • The main objective is to increase oilseeds production & productivity and area expansion under oil palm & TBOs cultivation.

Objectives of NFSM:

  • Increasing the production of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals (maize and barley) and nutri-cereals through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner in the identified districts of the country.
  • Restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level.
  • Enhancing farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence amongst the Farmers.

Oilseeds Agriculture in India:

  • India is one of the major oilseeds grower and importer of edible oils.
  • India’s vegetable oil economy is the world’s fourth-largest after USA, China & Brazil.
  • Oilseeds account for 13% of the Gross Cropped Area, 3% of the Gross National Product and 10% value of all agricultural commodities.
  • The diverse agro-ecological conditions in the country are favourable for growing 9 annual oilseed crops, which include 7 edible oilseeds (groundnut, rapeseed & mustard, soybean, sunflower, sesame, safflower and niger) and two non-edible oilseeds (castor and linseed).
  • Oilseeds cultivation is undertaken across the country in about 27 million hectares mainly on marginal lands, of which 72% is confined to rain-fed farming.
  • During the last few years, the domestic consumption of edible oils has increased substantially and has touched the level of 18.90 million tonnes in 2011-12 and is likely to increase further.
  • A substantial portion of our requirement of edible oil is met through import of palm oil from Indonesia and Malaysia.

Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

MYUPSC! IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test 3 Batch-1

Join Our Test Series – UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020

MYUPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Solved Test Series

2018 Prelims- 33+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme 

2019 Prelims- 40+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme

MYUPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test 3 – Solution – Download

Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

MYUPSC! IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test 2 Batch-1

Join Our Test Series – UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020

MYUPSC UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series

2018 Prelims- 33+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme 

2019 Prelims- 40+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme

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2018 Prelims- 33+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme 

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MYUPSC! Daily Current Affairs 21 December 2019

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Central government aims to achieve 100 Hunar Haats in 5 years

India claims to be top performer in Paris agreement

Centre plans to increase global trade by 8-10%

IMF says Indian economy less likely to see recovery soon

India holds meeting with stakeholders on implementation of Chabahar agreement

Ethiopia launches its first satellite

Study finds transmission of chicken pox virus from mother to child

Indian Pharmacopoeia (IP)

Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

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2018 Prelims- 33+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme 

2019 Prelims- 40+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme

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Some Important Study Notes for UPSC Exam 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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MYUPSC! Daily Current Affairs 18 December 2019

UPSC Prelims Exam 2020 Test Series

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New definition of kilogram

What is Trakea?

Wi-Fi Calling

ISRO’s PSLV helps increase forex by 90 crores this fiscal

India’s UNMISS wins prestigious medal

India donates solar powered lamps to Palestine

Centre approve changes in MSME interest subvention guidelines

VP asks mining industries not to compromise of worker’s safety

Project Dolphin

Finance ministry assures payment of GST compensation to states

PM assures citizenship act not to affect Indian citizens

What is Strand Hogg?

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MYUPSC Daily Current Affairs 03 December 2019

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Parliament to discuss on crimes against women

Defence Minister Rajnath Singh on Monday said the government is ready for a discussion in LokSabha on the issue of crime against women and willing to explore stringent provisions in laws to check incidents like the Hyderabad rape and murder case.

Responding to a discussion during Zero Hour in the wake of the rape and murder of a veterinarian in Hyderabad, Singh said he was falling short of words to condemn the heinous crime.

As soon as the House met for the day, Speaker Om Birla said he would allow members to raise the “serious issue” in Zero Hour.

Uttam Kumar Reddy (Cong) raised the issue of the rape and murder of the 26-year-old veterinarian and slammed the Telangana Home Minister for his purported “insensitive” remarks.

He also slammed the state police for initially delaying to lodge a case.T R Baalu (DMK) raised the issue of sexual assault of a school girl in Coimbatore.Saugat Roy (TMC) said rape convicts should be hanged.

PinakiMisra (BJD) questioned the delay in executing the death sentence awarded to convicts in the “Nirbhaya” gang-rape case.He said laws and establishment on fast track courts will not make a differences till the time the death sentences are not executed.

On November 29, four men, aged between 20 and 24, were arrested on charges of raping and killing the young woman veterinarian in Hyderabad.

Inner Line Permit (ILP)

Simply put, an Inner Line Permit is a document that allows an Indian citizen to visit or stay in a state that is protected under the ILP system.

Context: Union Home Minister Amit Shah has assured the civil society groups that the Citizenship Bill would provide protection to such regions and states where the Inner Line Permit (ILP) is applicable, and autonomous administration has been granted under the Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.

The Citizenship (Amendment) Bill aims to make it easier for non-Muslim refugees from Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Afghanistan to obtain Indian citizenship.

  • If it is implemented with provisions for excluding from its ambit the states under the ILP regime, it means that beneficiaries under CAB will become Indian citizens but will not be able to settle in these three states.
  • As a matter of fact, the same restriction applies to existing Indian citizens.

Now, on these lines, even Assam, Tripura and Meghalaya are demanding the implementation of ILP system.

The ILP is obligatory for all those who reside outside the protected states;

  • Currently, the Inner Line Permit is operational in Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram and Nagaland.
  • It can be issued for travel purposes solely.
  • An ILP is issued by the state government concerned.

Origin of ILP:

ILP’s origin dates back to the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulations, 1873- It prohibited “British subjects” or Indians from entering into these protected areas.

After Independence, in 1950, the word “British subjects” was replaced by Citizens of India and the focus of the ban on free movement was explained as a bid to protect tribal cultures in northeastern India.

Nationwide vaccination to be conducted under Mission Indradhanush 2.0

Centre is launching nationwide vaccination drive to prevent eight diseases under Intensified Mission Indradhanush 2.0 across the country today.

The government’s flagship scheme is aimed at immunizing children under the age of 2 years and pregnant women against eight vaccine preventable diseases.

The IMI covers vaccines for diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, poliomyelitis, tuberculosis, measles, meningitis and Hepatitis B. Vaccines for Japanese encephalitis and hemophilus influenza are also being provided in selected areas.

The IMI 2.0 aims to achieve targets of full immunization coverage in 272 districts spread over 27 States. The IMI 2.0 will be carried out between December 2019 and March 2020.

The campaign will be carried out in 260 development blocks of 43 districts of the state including the capital Bhopal and Indore. In addition , the mission will be running in four-phases in state. Children will be vaccinated under the National Mission Indradhanush in the months in January , February and March next year.

Public Health and Family Welfare Minister Tulsiram inaugurated this campaign in Indore district. The Project Officers of the District Urban Development Agency has been made the nodal officer for the successful operation of the mission.

Australia’s points-based visa policy

Context: In what is seen as an effort to block entry to unskilled people, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has promised to introduce an Australian style points-based visa policy from January 1, 2021.

Generally, for visas that are points-tested, points may be given for different categories ranging from age to proficiency in English and amount of work experience. To be granted such visas, the individual’s score must reach a cutoff fixed by the authorities.

For workers with an “eligible skilled occupation” there are 10 categories of visas available. Applications are tested with points awarded in various categories. One of these is “Skilled Independent Visa”.

  • A migrant with this visa can live and work permanently anywhere in Australia, study in Australia, sponsor eligible relatives for permanent residence and if eligible, enroll in Australia’s health-care system and subject to eligibility, also become an Australian citizen.

Some of the skilled jobs that come under the ambit of the skilled migration program include: accountant, actor, aeronautical engineer, advertising manager, air conditioning and mechanical services plumber, author, baker, swimming coach, urologist and vegetable grower.

What are the advantages of points systems? 

The ability to qualify without an employer sponsor- workers entering under the Australian points system are less dependent on their employers and do not need permission to switch between jobs as they do in the UK; as a result, they are expected to have more bargaining power and to operate in a more competitive labour market.

Steel imports have increased over a period of 5 years ,claims govt.

Government today said import of steel has increased during the last few years.

Replying to questions in the LokSabha, Steel Minister DharmendraPradhan, however, said domestic production has consistently increased regardless of such imports. Mr Pradhan said, in the current year, country is a net exporter.

He said, to counter import of cheap steel, anti-dumping duties have been imposed on various grades of steel which were dumped into the country.

Mr Pradhan further said, import of steel grades which are not manufactured in adequate quantity in the country is essential for supporting manufacturing sector.

The Minister informed the House that the total number of steel plants in the country is 977. He said, work is currently going on in NMDC steel plant in Nagarnar, Chattisgarh, which is a Greenfield project.

In reply to another question, the Minister said, the production of iron ore in the country is sufficient to meet the current demand by domestic steel industry. Mr Pradhan said, the supply of iron ore during last year 2018-19 was 207 metric tonne against its demand of 189 metric tonne.

Centre plans listing of single-use plastics

The Centre is likely to identify as many as eight articles as ‘single-use plastic’ items that will be discontinued on a priority basis, including plastic cutlery, plastic bags and certain Styrofoam items.

Defining single-use plastic is the first step in the direction of doing away with such products in India by 2022, as called for by Prime Minister NarendraModi during his Independence Day address.

While many states have banned plastic, there are wide variations in implementation and the range of products covered.After consulting stakeholders, the environment ministry is close to announcing a clear and uniform definition of single-use plastic.

The idea is to completely phase out single-use plastic where it is replaceable with environment friendly alternatives and to bring in a robust segregation, collection and disposal mechanism for single-use plastic.

The ministry wrote to the states in September asking them to curb production of plastic bags, irrespective of thickness and size, and Styrofoam (thermocol) cutlery and to encourage manufacturers and consumers to shift to other environmentally friendly material.

Every village will be asked to start waste segregation. They will send plastic waste to block-level units that will convert the aggregated waste into bales, shred them and transport them to aggregators for recycling to build in a sustainable mechanism.

India –Sweden to expand cooperation at delegation level talks

Prime Minister NarendraModi held delegation level talks with King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden at Hyderabad House in New Delhi today.

The meeting is aimed at giving a boost to bilateral co-operation in various sectors. Several agreements are expected to be signed between the two countries.

King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia arrived on a state visit to India this morning at the invitation of President Ram NathKovind. They were given a ceremonial welcome at RashtrapatiBhawan. This is His Majesty’s third visit to India. The King will meet President Ram NathKovind this evening.

Earlier, External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar called on the King and Queen after their arrival and held discussions on ways to deepen bilateral ties.

Apart from the official programme in Delhi, the royal couple is scheduled to visit Mumbai and Uttarakhand. Several documents on furthering bilateral engagement are likely to be signed during the five day visit.

UN chief urges to improve efforts to counter climate change

United Nations Secretary General Antonio Guterres has said that the world’s efforts to stop climate change have been utterly inadequate so far.

There is a danger global warming could pass the point of no return. He was speaking before the start of a International Climate Conference in Madrid scheduled for today.

The U.N. Chief noted that the world has the scientific knowledge and the technical means to limit global warming, but the political will is lacking.

Mr Guterres said, he hoped the meeting in Madrid would see governments make more ambitious pledges ahead of a deadline to do so next year.

Delegates from almost 200 countries will try to put the finishing touches on the rules governing the 2015 Paris climate accord at the two-week meeting.

Govt. considering satellite mechanisms to monitor forestation

A satellite-based mechanism to monitor areas under green cover and the growth of saplings planted there is being developed by the government, Union Environment Minister PrakashJavadekar said on Saturday. The Environment minister said some states have made significant achievements in nurturing planted saplings to their full growth.

The Compensatory Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority (CAMPA) funds to the tune of Rs 47,000 crore will be utilised for greening India, he said after a meeting with the forest ministers and officials of various states.

The minister said “very positive discussions” on issues like the use of CAMPA fund for forestation, water conservation, fodder augmentation and moisture management in the forests, besides the eradication of Lantana weed were held in the meeting.

In August this year, the Environment minister handed over Rs 47,436 crore of CAMPA funds to various states for the promotion of afforestation and achieving green objective of the country.

In the wake of under-utilisation of money for compensatory afforestation, the Supreme Court in 2001 had ordered for coming up with CAMPA fund.

In 2009, the Supreme Court permitted release of Rs 1,000 crore every year to the states and Union territories for compensatory afforestation and other activities.

Jnanpith Award

Context: Eminent Malayalam poet Akkitham has been chosen for 55th Jnanpith Award for the year 2019, Instituted in 1961.

Eligibility: Any Indian citizen who writes in any of the official languages of India is eligible for the honour.

Operation ‘Clean Art’

It is first pan India operation to crackdown on the smuggling of mongoose hair. Conceived by WCCB

Aim: To ensure that the mongoose hair brush trade should be closed down across the country.

Protection: Mongoose is listed in Schedule II Part 2 of the Wildlife Protection Act. Any smuggling or possession of its body part is a non-bailable offence.

Gurpreetsingh and Sunil Kumar wins national wrestling championships

In wrestling, Asian Championships silver medallists Gurpreet Singh and Sunil Kumar clinched gold medals on the final day of the senior national championships in Jalandhar yesterday.

Gurpreet defeated two-time world junior championships medallist SajanBhanwal, who was representing the Railways, by a 3-1 margin, in the 77 kilogram category. This was Punjab grappler’s fourth senior national title.

Sunil also managed an easy win over Punjab’s Prabhal. The Railway’s grappler used all his experience to crush the Punjab wrestler 5-1 in the 87 kg final. In the 55 kg category, Arjun, representing Services, won against Ajay by technical superiority.

Source: The Hindu/Indian Express/Times of India/PIB

MYUPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test – 1

Geography and Economy

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Mock Test – 1

Section – 1 (Geography MCQ)

1. Consider the following statements;

1. Continent-making movements are called Epeirogenic movements.

2. Mountain-making movements are called orogenic movements.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are incorrect?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of these

2. Which of the following conditions does not favour the formation of a tropical cyclone?

(a) Temperature above 27°C

(b) Significant vertical wind difference

(c) High humidity levels

(d) Divergence in the upper atmosphere

3. Consider the following statements;

1. Prairies are called Parklands.

2. Tropical rainforests are known as Selva.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of these

4. Which one of the following countries of South-West Asia does not open out to the Mediterranean Sea?

(a) Syria

(b) Jordan

(c) Lebanon

(d) Israel

5. Which one of the following is also known as Top Slip?

(a) Simlipal National Park

(B) Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

(C) Manjira Wildlife Sanctuary

(d) Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park

6. Consider the following statements;

1. Visakhapatnam is the deepest port of India.

2. Kochi is a natural harbour.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of these

7. Consider the following statements;

1. Assam shares a border with Bhutan and Bangladesh.

2. West Bengal shares a border with Bhutan and Nepal.

3. Mizoram shares a border with Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(A) 1 and 3

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) All of these

8. Which of the following pairs is incorrectly matched?

(a) Kosi: Consequent River

(b) Narmada: Rift Valley River

(c) Sutlej: Antecedent River

(d) Ghaggar: River with interior drainage

9. Consider the following statements;

1. Groundnut is not grown in kharif season.

2. Sesame is a kharif crop in North India and Rabi crop in South India.

3. Cotton is not grown in Rabi season.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(A) 1 and 2

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None of these

10. In which one of the following environment does one expect the presence of dispersed rural settlements?

(a) Alluvial plains of the Ganga

(b) Arid and semi-arid regions of Rajasthan

(c) Lower valleys of the Himalayas

(d) Forests and hills in the North-East

11. In the context of ecosystem productivity, marine upwelling zones are important as they increase the marine productivity by bringing the?

1. Decomposer micro-organisms to the surface.

2. Nutrients to the surface.

3. bottom-dwelling organisms to the surface.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 2

(b) Only 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) Only 3

12. Which of the following is called as the ‘lighthouse of the Mediterranean’?

(a) Mount Vesuvius

(b) Mount Fujiyama

(c) Mount Chimborazo

(d) Mount Stromboli

13. Consider the following statements;

1. The winds which blow between 30°N and 60°S latitudes throughout the year are known as Westerlies.

2. the most air masses that cause winter rains in North-Western region of India are part of Westerlies.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

14. Consider the following statements;

1. Namdapha National Park is in Assam.

2. Kaimur Wildlife Sanctuary is in Bihar.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of these

15. The type of fault in which the rock blocks are displaced in opposite directions and one of the blocks moves downwards is called?

(a) Normal fault

(b) Reverse fault

(c) Thrust fault

(d) Step fault

16. Consider the following statements;

1. River Ken is a left bank tributary of Ganga.

2. River Chenab is the largest tributary of Indus.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of these

17. Consider the following statements;

1. between the valley of Narmada and Tapti lies Satpura.

2. Banas and its tributaries lies to the East of Aravallis.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of these

18. Shallow ploughing only to the depth need to ensure quick seed germination and leaving crop residues and ground litter to protect the soil is?

(a) no-tillage farming

(b) Minimum tillage farming

(c) Contour cropping

(d) Gully reclamation

19. According to the Demographic Transition Model;

1. Late expanding stage has declining fertility and mortality rates.

2. Early expanding stage has high fertility and declining mortality rates.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of these

20. Which one of the following countries is the first country in the world to propose a carbon tax for its people to address the global warming?

(a) Australia

(b) Germany

(c) Japan

(d) New Zealand

21. Consider the following statements;

1. Cement industry is not a weight losing industry.

2. Hindustan Aluminium Corporation is located at Jaykaynagar.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of these

22. Which of the following add/adds nitrogen to soil?

1. Excretion of urea by animals.

2. Burning of coal by man.

3. Death of vegetation.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) Only 1

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3

(d) All of these

23. Consider the following statements;

1. The desert proper is known as Marusthali.

2. The shifting sand-dunes are locally known as Durian.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of the above

24. Which of the following have short life cycle and may form a fairly dense stand after rainfall?

(a) Perennials

(b) Ephemerals

(c) Succulents

(d) Both ‘a’ and ‘b’

25. In which of the following types of age-sex pyramids, both birth and death rates are low and declining?

(A) Progressive

(b) Regressive

(C) Stationary

(d) Intermediate

26. Brunt land Commission is also known as

(a) The World Commission on Environmental and Development

(b) The World Commission on Reduction of Greenhouse Gases

(c) The World Commission on Ozone Depletion

(d) The World Commission on Protection of Spice

27. Volcanic activity occurs in which of the following tectonic settings?

1. Sea floor spreading 2. Subduction

3. Hotspot

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 1 and 2

(b) Only 3

(c) 2 and 3

(d) All of these

28. Which one of the following rivers has the highest replenishable groundwater resource in the country?

(a) The Indus

(b) The Ganga

(c) The Brahmaputra

(d) The Godavari

29. Consider the following statements;

1. Cork, Oak, Jarrah, Karri, Cedar, Sequoia trees are found in tropical rainforest.

2. Quinine is extracted from the bark of Cinchona trees.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of these

30. Which one of the following pairs is correctly matched?

(a) Vikramshila Monastery: Uttar Pradesh

(b) Hemkund Gurudwara: Himachal Pradesh

(c) Udayagiri Caves: Maharashtra

(D) Amaravati Buddhist Stupa: Andhra Pradesh

31. Which of the following findings are evident for the climate change?

1. Carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere now reached about 398 PPM that is highest in last 65000 years.

2. Global surface temperature increased about 0.6°C from the average temperature.

3. Arctic ice sheet is declining at a rate of 11.5% per decade.

4. The global average sea level has risen 4-8 inches over the past century.

5. 2000 to 2009 was the warmest decade on record.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below;

(A) 1 and 2

(b) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 2, 4 and 5

(d) All of these

32. Economic density is?

(a) Total number of people per unit of land

(b) Agricultural population per unit area of land

(c) Agricultural population per unit area of cultivated land

(d) Ratio between the requirements of population and the resources made available to it

33. Consider the following statements;

1. Length of a terrestrial mile is lesser than that of a nautical mile.

2. Harmattan is a dusty land-wind of the East African coast.

3. Greece and Albania form a part of the lberian Peninsula.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) 2 and 3

(c) Only 3

(d) All of these

34. Which one of the following phenomenons happens when the sun shines vertically over the Tropic of Capricorn in the Southern hemisphere?

(a) High pressure develops over the North-Western India due to low temperatures

(b) Low pressure develops over the North-Western India due to high temperatures

(c) No changes in temperature and pressure occur in the North-Western India

(d) ‘Loo’ blows in the North-Western India

35. Which one of the following sets of elements was primarily responsible for the origin of life on the Earth?

(a) Hydrogen, Oxygen, Sodium

(b) Carbon, Hydrogen, Nitrogen

(c) Oxygen, Hydrogen, Phosphorus

(d) Carbon, Hydrogen, Potassium

36. Which of the following signifies an elimination of thin fertile film of soil from large area?

(a) Rill erosion

(b) Sheet erosion

(c) Gully erosion

(d) Slip erosion

37. Which one of the following is not one of the missions in India’s National Action Plan on Climate Change?

(a) National Mission on Sustainable Agriculture

(b) National Water Mission

(c) National Mission on Sustainable Habitat

(d) National Pollution Mission

38. Which of the following is true about Coriolis force?

1. Occurs as a result of Earth’s rotation from West to East.

2. Deflection of wind/current occurs to the right in North hemisphere and left in South hemisphere.

3. Coriolis effect is maximum at the equator and minimum at poles.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below;

(A) 1 and 2

(b) 1 and 3

(C) All of these

(d) None of these

39. Through which one of the following groups of countries does the equator pass?

(a) Brazil, Zambia and Malaysia

(b) Columbia, Kenya and Indonesia

(c) Brazil, Sudan and Malaysia

(d) Venezuela, Ethiopia and Indonesia

40. Consider the following statements;

1. Air borne plants that form symbiotic relationships with host plants is called epiphytes.

2. Low lying broad leaved plants is called as Forbes.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of the above

41. In the context of CO2 emission and global warming, what is the name of a market driven device under the UNFCC that allows developing countries to get funds/ incentives from the developed countries to adopt better technologies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions?

(a) Carbon Footprint

(b) Carbon Credit Rating

(c) Clean Development Mechanism

(d) Emission Reduction Norm

42. Consider the following statements;

1. Thein Dam Project provides drinking water to Delhi.

2 The purpose of Damodar Project is both flood control and irrigation.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) None of the above

43. Which one of the following facts was not considered by those while discussing the concept of sea floor spreading?

(a) Volcanic activity along the mid-oceanic ridges

(b) Stripes of normal and reverse magnetic field observed in the rocks of ocean floor

(c) Distribution of fossils in different continents

(d) Age of rocks from the ocean floor

44. If there were no Himalayan ranges, what would have been the most likely geographical impact on India?

1. Much of the country would experience the cold waves from Siberia.

2. Indo-Gangetic plain would be devoid of such extensive alluvial soils.

3. The pattern of monsoon would be different from what it is at present.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below?

(a) Only 1

(b) 1 and 3

(c) 2 and 3

(d) All of these

45. In India, which type of forest among the following occupies the largest area?

(A) Montane wet temperate forest

(b) Sub-tropical dry evergreen forest

(c) Tropical moist deciduous forest

(d) Tropical wet evergreen forest

46. Ecotone is?

(a) Mixed ecosystem

(b) Borders of ecosystem

(c) Transitional region between ecosystems

(d) Core of ecosystem

47. Which of the following substances are found in the beach sands of many parts of Kerala?

1. Ilmenite

2. Zircon

3. Sillimanite

4. Tungsten

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 1 and 2

(b) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 3 and 4

(d) All of the above

48. Most of the winter precipitation of lowlands in the middle latitudes is of?

(a) Cyclonic origin

(b) Convectional origin

(c) Orographic origin

(d) Monsoonal origin

49. The ‘Red Data Books’ published by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) contain lists of?

1. Endemic plant and animal species present in the biodiversity hotspots.

2. threatened plant and animal species.

3. Protected sites for conservation of nature and natural resources in various countries.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 3

(b) Only 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) Only 3

50. If a tropical rainforest is removed, it does not regenerate quickly as compared to a tropical deciduous forest. This is because

(a) The soil of rainforest is deficient in nutrients

(b) Propagules of the trees in a rainforest have poor viability

(c) The rainforest species are slow growing

(d) Exotic species invade the fertile soil of rainforest

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Section – 2: Practice Test – 1 (Economy MCQ)

1. Which of the following statement(s) is true about HDI?

1. Since 2010, UNDP began using the new method of calculating HDI.

2. It is based on life expectancy, per capita income mean years of schooling and expected years of schooling.

3. HDI is the arithmetic mean of the Life Expectancy Index, Education Index and Income Index.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) Only 1

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 2

(d) All of these

2. Deficit financing leads to inflation in general, but it can be checked if?

(a) Government expenditure leads to increase in aggregate supply in ratio of aggregate demand

(b) Only aggregate demand is increased

(c) All the expenditure is devoted to the payment of national debt

(d) All of the above

3. Name the bank announced to be set-up in the budget for regulating and refinancing all Micro-Finance Institutions (MFI) which are in the business of lending to micro/small business entities engaged in manufacturing, trading and services activities?

(a) Micro Bank

(b) MUDRA Bank

(c) SIDBI Bank

(d) Micro-Finance Bank

4. Which of the following are the main causes of slow rate of growth of per capita income in India?

1. High level of fiscal deficits.

2. High capital output ratio.

3. High rate of household savings.

4. High rate of growth of population.

5. High rate of capital formation.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) 1, 2 and 4

(b) 2 and 4

(c) 3 and 4

(d) 2, 3 and 5

5. Which of the following statements are true regarding the TRIPS agreement of the WTO?

1. TRIPS are related to protecting the intellectual property rights.

2. Developing countries were supposed to pass TRIPS Complaint National Legislation by 2005. While for developed countries the time limit was till 1995.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) Only 2

(b) Only 1

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

6. Consider the following statements regarding the OPEC

1. At present, OPEC has total 14 members’ countries.

2. The objective of OPEC was to control production and price of petroleum so as to safeguard the interests of oil exporting countries.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

7. Consider the following regarding the functions of WTO

1. To provide facilities for implementation, administration and operation of multilateral agreements of the World Trade.

2. To provide a platform to member countries to decide future strategies related to trade and tariff.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

8. Consider the following statements;

1. Geographical indication is granted to a community or group or an institution that represents the interests of the world.

2. It is given to a product for a specific period of time (10 years in India).

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

9. The GST Bill comprises –

1. The CGST Bill – The Central Goods and Services Tax Bill, 2017

2. The IGST Bill – The Integrated Goods and Services Tax Bill, 2017

3. The UTGST Bill- The Union Territory Goods and Services Tax Bill, 2017

4. The Compensation Bill – The Goods and Services Tax (Compensation to the States) Bill, 2017

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a)Only 1

(b) 1 and 2

(C) 1, 2 and 3

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

10. After a gap of over 20 years, ` 1 note has been released in the country on 6th March, 2015 by Finance Secretary Rajiv Mehrishi. The new ` 1 note bears the signature of

(A) Finance Minister

(B) RBI Governor

(C) Finance Secretary

 (d) Home Secretary

11. The capital account convertibility of the Indian Rupee implies

(a) That the Indian Rupee can be exchanged by the authorised dealers for travel

(b) That the Indian Rupee can be exchanged for any major currency for the purpose of trade in goods and services

(c) That the Indian Rupee can be exchanged for any major currency for the purpose of trading financial assets

(d) None of the above

12. World Bank provides long-run capital to member countries for economic reconstruction and development.

World Bank provides capital mainly for the following purposes

1. To rehabilitate war ruined economics.

2. To finance productive efforts according to peacetime requirements.

3. To develop resources and production facilities in underdeveloped countries.

Which of the statement(s) given above are correct?

(a) 1 and 2 (b) 2 and 3 (c) 1 and 3 (d) All of these

13. Consider the following statements

1. Ministerial conference is the highest decision-making body of the WTO, which usually meets once every 2 years.

2. Its headquarters is in Geneva.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

14. Consider the following statement(s) regarding the International Monetary fund

1. IMF is controlled and managed by a Board of Governors.

2. Each Governor has the right of 250 votes on the basis of membership and one additional vote for each SDR 1 lakh quota.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

15. Consider the following statements

1. General agreement on trade in services is a treaty of the

World Trade Organisation (WTO) that entered into force in

January, 1995.

2. All members of the WTO are signatories to the general agreement on trade in services.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

16. IMF was established to meet which of the following objectives?

1. Promoting International Monetary Co-operation.

2. Expanding International Trade.

3. Lessening the disequilibrium in balance of trade.

4. Avoiding competitive exchange depreciations.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) 3 and 4

(b) 1, 2 and 3

(c) 2 and 3

(d) All of these

17. Consider the following statements about ‘Mega Food Park’

1. To provide good infrastructure facilities for food processing industries.

2. To increase processing perishable items and reduce wastage.

3. To provide emerging and eco friendly food processing technology to entrepreneurs.

Which of the statement(s) given above are correct?

(a) 2 and 3

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) All of these

18. Which one of the following is related with the Baltic Dry index?

(a) An assessment of the price of moving the major raw materials by sea

(b) An index showing the rising and falling prices of shares and equities in the Baltic region

(c) An assessment showing the prices of the crude oil produced in the Baltic region

(d) None of the above

19. Which one of the following items has the highest share of India in the world exports?

(a) Coffee, Tea, Mate, Spices etc

(b) Pearls, Precious stones, Metals, Coins etc

(c) Lac, Gums, Resins, Vegetable Saps and extracts etc

(d) Vegetable Plaiting Materials, Vegetable Products etc

20. The fair and remuneration price of sugarcane is approved by the

(a) Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs

(b) Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices

(c) Directorate of Marketing and Inspection, Ministry of Agriculture

(d) Agricultural Produce Market Committee

21. Which one of the following factors is taken account to calculate the Balance of Payment (BOP), of a country?

(A) Current account

(b) Changes in the foreign exchange reserves

(c) Errors and omissions (d) All of these

22. Which one of the following international organisations offers political risk insurance guarantees to help investors to protect foreign direct investments made in developing countries against political risk?

(a) IDA

(b) IFC

(c) IMF

(d) MIGA

23. Examine the following statements in the context of the Base Rate system of interest rates

1. Corporate entities were able to get loans at interest rates lower than PLR while it is not possible with Base Rate.

2. Monetary policy is transmitted better through Base Rate system.

3. Base Rate is applicable only to loans given after 1st July, 2010.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) 2 and 3

(c) Only 2

(d) All of these

24. Consider the following statements

1. Regional Rural banks were set-up in 1975, under an Act of Parliament to exclusively cater to the credit needs of rural population.

2. The sponsor banks have the largest share in the equality of Regional Rural banks.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

25. Which of these statements is true regarding the Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) of IMF?

1. The SDRs are equivalent to a currency and represent a claim on the IMF.

2. The value of SDRs in terms of its component currencies is fixed annually.

3. The basket of currencies of SDRs which presently consist of US Dollar, Euro, the Chinese renminbi, Pound and Yen is revised every 5 years.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) Only 3

(b) Only 1

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) All of these

26. Which of the following statements are true regarding Hedge Funds?

1. Hedge funds are open to only select group of investors.

2. Hedge funds have been allowed to function in India recently after registering with SEBI.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

27. Consider the following statements;

1. NABARD is the nodal agency for implementing the schemes in respect of co-operative credit and RRBs.

2. NABARD was the nodal agency for implementing the agricultural debt waiver and Debt Relief Scheme, 2008.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1 (b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2 (d) neither 1 nor 2

28. Which of the following statements is true regarding the Agreement on Agriculture of the WTO?

1. Green box, blue box and amber box refer to domestic subsidies in agriculture.

2. There is no limit on green box subsidies for both developing and developed economies.

3. In the long-run, the agreement on agriculture is expected to benefit the developing countries.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) All of these

29. Which State Government launched ‘Bhagya shree’ scheme in place of the Sukanya scheme which caters to girls from Below Poverty Line (BPL) families?

(a) Gujarat

(b) Kerala

(c) Maharashtra

(d) Haryana

30. Which of the following are the objectives of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP)?

1. To stabilise agricultural prices.

2. To ensure meaningful real income levels to the farmers.

3. To protect the interest of the consumers by providing essential agricultural commodities at reasonable rate through PDS.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 1 and 2

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3

(d) All of the above

31. Which of these statements is true regarding the lending provisions of the IMF?

1. IMF lends to only member countries.

2. IMF lends only to help with Balance of Payments (BoP) problems.

3. IMF lending is also possible for specific projects relating to economic restructuring of an economy.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 1 and 3

(b) Only 1

(c) 1 and 2

(d) Only 3

32. Which of the following statements is true regarding a Non-Banking Financial Company (NBFC)?

1. NBFC cannot accept demand deposits.

2. For a NBFC financial assets must be 50% more than its total assets.

3. Normal banks do all of the activities normally done by an NBFC.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a)Only 1

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 2

(d) All of these

33. The Competition Commission of India (CCI) wants the rules tightened to bring a larger number of Mergers and Acquisitions (M and As) under its scrutiny. In this context, consider the following statements about CCI

1. Competition Commission of India (CCI) was established with effect from14th October, 2003.

2. The goal is to curtail the monopoly tendencies and foster the competition among public sector enterprises.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

34. Which of the following statements is true regarding the innovation index measure?

1. It is developed by INSEAD, France.

2. Japan is the top country in this index.

3. The National Innovation Council (NIC) was formed to foster innovation in India especially in the area of growth.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below;

(a) 2 and 3

(b) 1 and 2

(c) 1 and 3

(d) All of the above

35. Examine these statements in the context of the financial instruments known as futures.

1. Futures are agreements between two parties to buy or sell shares at a future date.

2. Options are a class of futures where there is a right, but not the obligation to buy or sell at a future date.

3. Forwards are a particular class of futures.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 3

(b) Only 1

(c) Only 2

(d) All of these

36. Which one of the following is likely to the most inflationary, in its effect?

(a) Repayment of public debt

(b) Borrowing from the public to finance a budget deficit

(c) Borrowing from banks to finance a budget deficit

(d) Creating new money to finance a budget deficit

37. Consider the following statements regarding Reserve Bank of India;

1. It is a banker to the Central Government.

2. It formulates and administers monetary policy.

3. It acts as an agent of the government in respect of India.

4. It handles the borrowing programme of Government of India.

Which of the statement(s) given above are correct?

(A) 1 and 2

(b) 2, 3 and 4

(c) 3 and 4

(d) All of the above

38. Consider the following regarding World Trade organisation

1. The Uruguay round of GATT (1986-93) gave birth to WTO.

2. WTO was officially constituted as a permanent body on 1st January, 1995 as an effective formal organisation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

39. Under the WTO agreement, Agreement on Agriculture (AoA), developing countries won over with some concessional features and flexibilities. Its three pillars are?

1. Domestic support

2. Export subsidies

3. Market access

4. Non-tariff barriers

Which of the statement(s) given above are correct?

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 2, 3 and 4

(c) 1, 3 and 4

(d) All of the above

40. Consider the following regarding WTO

1. WTO negotiations proceed not by consensus of all members, but by a process of informal negotiations between small groups.

2. Such negotiations are often called green room.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

41. Personal Income Tax limit was not changed in Union Budget 2016-17. What is the present Personal I-T exemption limit?

(a) 2.5 lakh

(b) 2.75 lakh

(c)  3 lakh

(d)  5 lakh

42. Which one of the following items has gained the highest growth rate in the import composition of the Indian economy in the last decade?

(a) Pearls, precious and semiprecious stones

(b) Gold and silver

(c) Oil-cake and other solid residues

(d) None of the above

43. Consider the following regarding the objectives of WTO

1. To improve the standard of living of people in member countries.

2. To ensure full employment and increase in effective demand.

3. To enlarge production and trade of goods and services.

Which of the statement(s) given above are correct?

(A) 1 and 2

(b) 2 and 3

(c) 1 and 3

(d) All of these

44. The Indian banking system consists of?

1. 26 public sector banks

2. 20 private sector banks

3. 43 foreign banks

4. 56 regional rural banks

5. 1589 urban cooperative banks

6. 93550 rural cooperative banks

Select the correct option from the codes given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3

(b) 3, 4 and 5

(c) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

(d) All of these

45. Hawala transactions relate to payments

(a) Received in rupees against overseas currencies and vice versa without going through the official channels

(b) Received for sale or transfer of shares without going through the established stock exchanges

(c) Received as commission for services rendered to overseas investors, buyers or sellers in assisting them to get over the red tape and in getting preferential treatment

(d) Made to political parties or to individuals for meeting election expenses

46. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) cancelled the certificate of registration of the 26 Non- Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) including?

(a) Mathura Financial Services Limited

(b) SJ Finance & Consultants Private Limited

(c) Modern Vintrade Private Limited

(d) All of the above

47. The main cause of cyclical unemployment is that?

(a) Firms engage in race, gender and sex discrimination in their hiring practices

(b) Some individuals do not have marketable job skills

(c) The level of overall economic activity fluctuates

(d) Workers often voluntarily quit a job look for a better job

48. If the Cash Reserve ratio is lowered by the RBI, its impact upon credit creation will be to?

(a) Decrease it

(b) Increase it

(c) No impact

(d) None of these

49. Which of the following is true about money market in India?

1. the most active segment of money market is overight call market.

2. The money market instruments have maturity of less than 1 year.

3. The money market instruments in India are regulated by RBI and SBI.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(A) 1 and 2

(b) Only 2

(c) 2 and 3

(d) All of the above

50. With regard to proposed GST, which of the following is correct?

1. Taxes on items containing alcohol and petroleum product are kept out of GST.

2. Entertainment tax, luxury tax and taxes on gambling are part of GST.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below

(a) Only 1

(b) Only 2

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

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MYUPSC UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series

If you have joined MYUPSC Study Portal, just follow the curriculum of the batch, you will reach the destination. If you are starting on your own, to begin with follow the initial steps.

  • Analysis of previous question papers
  • Understanding of Syllabus
  • Read a good newspaper daily preferably The Hindu or Indian Express
  • Read all basic NCERTs before reading reference books
  • Reading of basic study material/reference books
  • Read YOJANA and KURUKSHETRA magazine monthly
  • Start writing-This will be the deciding factor in the Mains

 

Let us analyze the critical areas according to their weightage in IAS-UPSC Exam.

  • GS Based Marks= GS Prelims, 200 marks + GS Mains, 1000 marks + Essay, 250 marks (Essay means Mains GS and writing style) + Interview, 275 marks (It means Mains GS and communication style) = 1725 marks
  • Optional Based Marks = 500 marks
  • Aptitude based Marks = Prelims Aptitude = 200 marks

 

When to start preparation

  • One should start preparation around eight or nine months prior to the exam.
  • If you are going to prepare immediately after graduation, then don’t waste time, start immediately after your final exam.
  • If you are going to study while working, it is possible but starts earliest. Don’t delay to start otherwise you will experience time crunch later.
  • If you are preparing during graduation, generalized plan cannot be suggested, so discuss personally with us to evolve an individual plan.

 

What is required to get success in IAS-UPSC exam

  • Critical self-assessment
  • Patience and Self confidence
  • Good writing practice
  • Basic command over English and Aptitude
  • Good grasp over current affairs
  • Healthy competitions and feedback
  • Quality material and guidance
  • Devoted study

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Indian Polity for Civil Services Examination

Indian History Complete Study Notes

Indian Art, Culture, Heritage and Architecture for Civil Services Examination

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Indian Economy Question Bank: UPSC CSE Prelims 2020

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Indian Polity Topic Wise Question Bank

UPSC IAS Prelims Previous Year Solved Paper 2010-19

Indian Geography-NCERT MCQ Compilation Class 6-12th

Science & Technology Current Affairs Yearbook 2019-20

Geography & Environment Current issues yearbook 2019

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2000 MCQ: IAS Preliminary exam 2020

UPSC Civil Services Mains Exam 2020 GS Paper Study Material

UPSC IAS Main exam GS Paper-1 Complete study notes

UPSC IAS Main Exam GS Paper-2 Complete Study Notes

UPSC IAS Main Exam GS Paper-3 Complete Study Notes

UPSC IAS Main Exam GS Paper-4 Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude

RPSC RAS/RTS Prelims Exam Rajasthan GK Complete Study Material in English

Geography of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes with Practice MCQ

Polity and Administration of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes with MCQ

History of Rajasthan Complete Study Notes with Practice MCQ

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Polity & Administration of Rajasthan: RAS Mains Solved Questions-200+

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SERVICES/DEPARTMENTS IN CIVIL SERVICES

The Indian Civil Services are organized into two main sections. These are the All India Services and the Central Services. Officers of the All India Services, on appointment by the Government of India, are placed at the disposal of the different State Governments. These services include:

  • The Indian Administrative Service (IAS)
  • The Indian Police Service (IPS)
  • The Indian Forest Service (IFS)

Officers of the Central Services, on the other hand, wherever they might be posted, serve the Government of India only. Central Services are of two types-Groups A&B.

GROUP ‘A’ SERVICES

Central Services comprise various different services/ posts. These include:

  • The Indian Foreign Service (IFS)
  • The Indian Railway Service
  • Indian Postal Service
  • Accounts and Auditing Services (including The Indian Audit and Accounts Service, The Indian Civil Accounts Service, The Indian Defence Accounts Service, The Indian Revenue Service.)
  • Indian Customs and Central Excise
  • The Indian Ordnance Factories Service
  • The Indian Defence Estates Service
  • The Indian Information Service
  • The Central Trade Services

GROUP ‘B’ SERVICES

  • The Group ‘B’ Services include the Central Secretariat Service (Section Officers Grade-CSS), the Railway Board Secretariat Service (Section Officers’ Grade- RBSS), the Indian Foreign Service (Section Officers’ Grade- IFS ‘B’), the Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Service (Assistant Civilian Staff Officers Grade), the Customs’ Appraisers Service, the Delhi and Andaman & Nicobar Islands Civil Service (DANICS), the Goa, Daman and Diu Police Service, Posts of Assistant Commandant, Post of Deputy Superintendents of Police in the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). Though officers of the Group ‘B’ Services start off almost at par with their Group ‘A’ counterparts, yet after the fourth year they lag behind by five to seven years. This gap widens further by the 18th year when Group’A’ Officers enter the Super Time Scale. The most coveted service among the “Group B” services is the Central Secretariat Service (CSS).

THE INDIAN ADMINISTRATIVE SERVICE (IAS)

The IAS (Indian Administrative Service) was formally constituted in 1947. The IAS handles affairs of the government. At the central level, this involves the framing and implementation of policy. At the district level, it is concerned with district affairs, including developmental functions. At the divisional level, the IAS officers look after law and order, general administration and development work. In the Government of India (i.e. in the ministries), IAS officers deal with the formulation of policies and supervise their implementation. In each Ministry they supervise the allotment and utilization of funds by the field officers in the Ministry. They may also be asked to furnish information to the Parliament in response to queries relating to the Ministry. Sometimes, their works entail visits to the States. Depending on the rank, an IAS officer might even be the government nominee on the Board of Directors of some Public Sector Corporation. They may also at times be nominated to independently represent India at International forums or accompany the Minister for such meetings. From the rank of Deputy Secretary to the Government of India, they can sign international agreements on behalf of the Government of India. However, more than half their career life will be spent in the State they are allocated, where they will look after law and order, general administration, revenue work and developmental functions. During the course of their two-year probation they will be attached to various training schools, to the Secretariat and field offices and to a district collector’s office. Here they will do the work of a sub magistrate. On completion of their two-year’s probation they will be appointed as a Sub Divisional Magistrate (SDM). As SDM they will look after law and order, general administration, revenue work and such developmental work as may be assigned to them. In the next three scales i.e. Senior Scale, Junior Administrative Grade and Selection Grade they will serve as District Magistrate, Chief Development Officer, Director of a department, Managing Director of a Public Sector Unit or a Senior officer in the State Secretariat. In other words, they could be a District Magistrate in their fifth year of service and remain a DM till they are promoted to the Super Time Scale in the 17th year of their service. Following this there are promotions in scale to the ranks of Principal Secretary and additional Chief Secretary. The highest post in the State is that of the Chief Secretary.

INDIAN FOREIGN SERVICE (IFS)

The Indian Foreign Service deals with the country’s external affairs, including diplomacy, trade and cultural relations. It is responsible for the administration and activities of Indian missions abroad, and for the framing and implementation of the Government’s foreign policy. After the training at Mussoorie, the IFS probationers are attached to the Ministry of External Affairs and have to become conversant in a major foreign language. During the second year they are appointed as Third Secretaries in Indian Embassy/High Commission where that language is spoken. They spend another two years in the same Embassy as Second Secretaries. After two postings abroad, the IFS Officers are posted in India in the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA). In the MEA, they will look after India’s political, economic and commercial work. In the Senior Scale and the Junior Administrative Grade the IFS Officers are appointed as First Secretaries. In the Selection Grade, IFS Officers serve as Counsellors. In very small countries the Indian Ambassador would be in that grade. In the super time scale, many IFS Officers become Ambassadors of medium sized countries while others are appointed as Ministers in the large embassies like Washington and Moscow. In the Additional Secretaries Grade, IFS Officers are made ambassadors in relatively big embassies or as Deputy High Commissioner in London. The Indian Embassies/High Commissions like Moscow, Washington and London are headed by Ambassadors of the rank of Secretary. At this level, some Ambassadors are non-IFS Officers like politicians, retired or serving IAS Officers or retired Defence Chief. There are four to five Secretary level officers in the MEA- the senior most being the Foreign Secretary.

INDIAN POLICE SERVICE (IPS)

The IPS (Indian Police Service) is responsible for public safety and security. The IPS mainly takes care of law and order, which, at the district level, is a responsibility shared with the IAS; crime prevention and detection; and traffic control and accident prevention and management. In order to fulfill these functions with greater efficiency, this service is divided into various functional departments, including: a) Crime Branch b) Criminal Investigation Department (CID) c) Home Guards d) Traffic Bureau. A number of Central Policing Agencies are also headed by the IPS. These include: the Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), Cabinet Secretariat Security, the Border Security Force (BSF), and the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). During the probation period they will undergo a year training in the office of a Superintendent of Police of a district in the State they have been allocated. On completing their two-year probation, they will be confirmed as a three star Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP). They will then in all probability be posted as the Police Officer of a sub-division (SDPO) for two years till they are promoted to the Senior Scale. As the SDPO, Superintendent of Police, Senior Superintendent of Police of a District and as Deputy Inspector General of a Range (group of districts), they will be exclusively responsible for the prevention and detection of crime. However, the law and order duties will be shared with their IAS counterpart. In cities like Delhi, Mumbai and Bangalore, the law and order duties are the exclusive responsibility of the police force. In these cities the ASP, SP, and the DIG are called Assistant Commissioner of Police (ACPO), Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) and Commissioner of Police (CP). On being promoted to the Senior Scale they could serve as ASP of a larger district for the first two years or SP of a small district. They are likely to spend about thirteen years covering the Senior Scale, Junior Administrative Grade and Selection Grade as SP/SSP of a district, SP (Crime), SP (CID), SP (Home Guards), the head of some police battalion, SP (Traffic) and so on. Outside the districts, the most satisfying jobs are in the intelligence agencies of the Government of India especially in the Intelligence Bureau (IB) and the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). There are many other Central agencies to which the IPS Officers may be sent on deputation at every stage of their career, except in the Junior Scale. Some of these are the Cabinet Secretariat, the Border Security Force, the Central Reserve Police Force and the Central Industrial Security Force. Unlike IAS Officers who cannot permanently serve the Central government, some IPS dominated central agencies absorb the IPS Officers till they retire. The senior posts in the IPS are those of the Deputy Inspector General, Inspector General, Additional DG and Director General.

INDIAN CUSTOMS AND CENTRAL EXCISE SERVICE

It is basically concerned with two main aspects, mainly Customs and Excise. While Customs is concerned with the checking and levy of duty on taxable goods brought into the country, the Excise department is involved with the taxation of goods manufactured within the country.

CUSTOMS

Customs officers could be dealing with customs, excise or narcotics related matters. They are not only posted in important coastal and border towns or in towns with international airports, they can be posted anywhere. Their probation will be either in Chennai, Mumbai, Kolkata or Delhi and in the Junior and Senior scales they will be designated as Assistant Commissioner of Customs. As Deputy Commissioner in the JAG they will move to much bigger towns. In this grade of Junior Administration Grade (JAG) they could later become Additional Commissioner of Customs.

CENTRAL EXCISE

Probation will be in Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai or Chennai and will be posted in industrial townships to begin with and then in big cities. In the Junior Scale, the Central excise officer could serve as Assistant Commissioner of Central Excise. They can hold the latter rank in the senior scale also. In the JAG they could be a Deputy or Additional Commissioner of Central Excise. Commissioners of Customs and Central Excise are officers in the Senior Administrative Grade. They wield enormous power and the jurisdiction which normally extends over several states. Chief Commissioners of Customs and Central Excise are placed in the next higher grade which is similar to that of Additional Secretaries. After that they can aspire to become a member of the Central Board of Excise and Customs and later even its Chairman.

INDIAN REVENUE SERVICE

The job involves all the processes from investigation to decisions and policy planning. As the job deals with the fiscal policy and budget, aptitude for accounts as well as a legal aptitude is useful. The professional training is conducted in the National Academy of Direct Taxes, Nagpur and the probationer will also receive on-the-job training at an Assistant Commissioner’s office for some time. Following this they will serve as an Assistant Commissioner for about eight years. They will examine cases in which the tax assessed is more than the prescribed figure. In the Junior Administrative Grade (JAG) and Selection Grade they would be a Deputy Commissioner of Income Tax or Deputy Director (Investigation). In the Senior Administrative Grade they could be a Commissioner of Income Tax in a metropolitan town or one of the state capitals or a Director of Income Tax. Some of these Commissioners are designated Chief-Commissioners of Income Tax and are in a scale similar to that of Additional Secretaries. The Director General of Income Tax is also in this scale. The head of the Income Tax hierarchy is the Chairman of the Central Board of Direct Taxes and is assisted by six members.

INDIAN RAILWAY SERVICE

It is essentially responsible for the running of India’s vast railway network. There are four non-technical and technical or engineering cadres in the railways. Entry for non-technical services- the Indian Railway Traffic Services (IRTS), the Indian Railway Personnel Services (IRPS), the Indian Railway Accounts Services (IRAS), and the Railway Police Service is through the Civil Services examination. However, the engineering services have a different recruitment procedure.

INDIAN RAILWAY TRAFFIC SERVICES (IRTS)

This service looks after commercial (goods and passengers) and operational (movement of trains) functions with an emphasis on safety. In the Junior Scale, they will serve as either Assistant Commercial Manager or Assistant Operating Manager and posted at the Divisional Headquarters. If posted at a very big railway station they may be designated as Assistant Transport Manager. Within four years of service they are likely to get the senior scale and posted at divisional headquarters as Divisional Commercial Manager or Divisional Operating Manager or Divisional Safety Officer. Most of the branch officers like the Senior Divisional Commercial Manager or Senior Divisional Operating Manager are in the JAG. At the zonal level the hierarchy is as follows: On the Commercial side, the structure is headed by the Chief Commercial Manager followed by the Additional Chief Commercial Manager and the Deputy Chief Commercial Manager. On the operations side, the Chief Operations Manager is at the head, followed by the Additional Chief Operations Manager, Chief Freight Traffic Manager, Chief Passenger Traffic Manager and the Deputy Chief Operations Manager.

INDIAN RAILWAY ACCOUNTS SERVICES (IRAS)

This service monitors all the income and expenditure of the vast railway network. In the Junior Scale, as an IRAS officer they will be posted to divisional headquarters as Assistant Accounts Officers. On being promoted to the senior scale they will become a Divisional Accounts Officer and in the JAG they will be designated as Senior Divisional Accounts Officer. In the Senior Administrative Grade they are promoted to the coveted position of Financial Advisor-cum-Chief Accounts Officer of a zone.

INDIAN RAILWAY PERSONNEL SERVICE (IRPS)

As an officer in this service the IRPS officers will deal with recruitment, promotions, in service training and welfare of the employees. They will be interested to know that IRPS officers get the equivalent of the Super time Scale before any other service of the Government of India. The postings are as follows: In the junior scale, they will be designated Assistant Personnel Officer and posted at Divisional Headquarters. Following this they will become a Divisional Personnel Officer in the Senior Scale and Senior Divisional Personnel Officer of Deputy Chief Planning Officer in the JAG. They will be made Additional Chief Planning Officer once they get the selection grade. In the Senior Administrative Grade they will be designated Chief Personnel Officer and serve at Zonal Headquarters. At a non-divisional set-up there are commensurate posts for officers belonging to all the railway services.

RAILWAY PROTECTION FORCE

This force protects one of the biggest railway networks in the world. RPF officer’s training will be at Vadodra and Lucknow. The Junior and Senior scales are similar to the other railway services. There is no equivalent of JAG or SG. Instead, they have the grades of Senior Commandant, Head Quarters and Deputy Inspector General (DIG) respectively. The Inspector General’s grade is the same as the IAS suppertime scale or the IPS IGP’s scale. The final promotion is as the Director General of the Force.

INDIAN AUDIT AND ACCOUNTS SERVICES

This service audits the accounts of all Central and State government departments, P&T departments, defence, public sector organizations, railways, etc. It functions within the federal structure and coordinates effectively between the Centre and the states. As the head of the organization, the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG) is a constitutional authority with a fixed tenure. During the career, the officer can go on deputation to various ministries, state governments, autonomous bodies, public sector organizations etc. They can also be posted at one of the two audit offices abroad- Washington or London. Presently India is one of the three countries auditing the accounts of the United Nations and a Director General of the service is based at New York for this purpose. Officers selected to this service undergo training in Shimla. They serve either in account offices in Central or State Governments or in Statutory Audit Offices under the Comptroller and Auditor General (CAG). In the Junior Scale, they will be posted as an Assistant AG in the office of an Accountant General (AG). They will be posted in similar offices throughout the career; only their designation and responsibilities will keep changing. In the senior scale, they will be a Deputy AG, in the JAG and Selection Grade a Senior DAG and in the Senior Administrative Grade a fully fledged AG. At the next rung is the Additional Deputy Comptroller and Auditor General. Above this is the Deputy Comptroller and Auditor General of India, who gets a Secretary’s salary. At the very top of the accounts/audit hierarchy is a constitutional authority, the Comptroller and Auditor General of India.

INDIAN POSTAL SERVICE

It is the only service from which one can go on a deputation to the army and serve from Captain to Major General. An attractive aspect of a career in the Indian Postal Service is that there is job mobility as well as variety.

An Indian Postal Service officer can serve in any ministry at any level depending on the seniority and aptitude. Officers are also sent on deputation to the Universal Postal Union at Berne, Switzerland or on assignments to other countries.

Professional course is at the Postal Staff College, Ghaziabad. During probation the officer will be “attached” to “field” offices of the department, where they will work in various capacities. They will serve in divisional headquarters as Senior Superintendent of Post Office (SSPO) or Senior Superintendent Railway Mail (SSRM) in the junior scale as well as in the first 2-3 years of the senior scale. Only personnel from the Indian Postal Service go on deputation to the Army Postal Service. Later in the Senior Scale they will be promoted to the rank of Assistant PMG (Post Master General) or Assistant Director General at the Directorate. In the JAG they will be made a Director. In the selection grade they will remain as a Director. They can be promoted to the senior most level of PMG of a “Circle”. Promotions after that are to the posts of (a) Additional Secretary in a ministry (b) One of the members of the Postal Services Board (c) Chief PMG or rather HAG i.e. Higher Administrative Grade d) Secretary, Department of Post who is also ex-officio DG and Chairman of the Postal Services Board.

P&T FINANCE AND ACCOUNTS SERVICES

As in the case of the Indian Railways there is a separate P&T Finance and Accounts Service. Here an officer works for the Postal & Telecom departments. They are posted in major cities and as this is a comparatively new service, (established in 1974) the promotions are fast. Within 17 years one can be Joint Secretary (SAG) which corresponds with the Super Time Scale of the IAS. Officers start their career as the Assistant Chief Accounts Officer. Within two years, they are the Chief Accounts Officers. After six years they become the Director Finance and Accounts in the Junior Administrative Grade. In another eleven years they enter the SAG as GM Finance which is a field posting or as Deputy Director General at the Directorate. Following this promotions to the higher posts are limited as there is just one member Finance and one Senior DDG, Finance. However, they can go on deputation to other ministries or to the Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited (VSNL) or Mahanagar Telephone Nigam Limited (MTNL) as Director Finance.

INDIAN INFORMATION SERVICES AND INDIAN DEFENCE ACCOUNTS SERVICES THE INDIAN INFORMATION SERVICES (IIS)

This was initially called the Central Information Service (CIS) which was constituted as late as 1960. As it is a comparatively new and expanding service there is scope for quicker promotions. The scales in this service are exactly the same as in the other services, till the Senior Administrative Grade (SAG). At the top is a grade which is called Selection Grade and has a fixed salary, equal to what the senior most Additional Secretary would get. Training during probation is at the Indian Institute of Mass Communication (IIMC), New Delhi. An IIS Officer can be posted in organizations dealing with print media, in the electronic media or in an advertising agency. In short, IIS Officers can be posted to any of the several organizations that are controlled by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting or the Ministry of Defence (Directorate of Public Relations).

THE INDIAN DEFENCE ACCOUNTS SERVICES (IDAS)

An IDAS officer start off, after probation, as an Assistant CDA (Controller of Defence Accounts) in the Junior Scale, and will work in cantonment towns. In the next three scales, they will be Deputy CDAs, posted at State capitals (or bigger towns). In the Senior Administrative Grade (SAG) they will become a full-fledged CDA and will be posted at places where headquarters of defence ‘commands’ are located. In the Additional Secretaries’ Scale IDAS Officer’s are made Additional CGDAs (Controller General of Defence Accounts) incharge of Audit or Inspection. They could also be posted as Controller of Accounts (Factories), Calcutta.

Indian Ordnance & Factories Services and Indian Civil Accounts Services

THE INDIAN ORDNANCE AND FACTORIES SERVICES (IOFS)

IOFS officers will be required to serve mostly where ordnance factories (i.e. factories that make equipment including sleeping bags and tents, for the defence services) are located e.g. Jabalpur. During the first 10 years in the Service, they could even be asked to serve for up to 4 years, as a Commissioned Officer in the Armed Forces. The promotions up to the Senior Administrative Grade are standard Central Service Promotions. In the Additional Secretaries’ Grade they would most probably be made a General Manager. After that, there is a scale which begins at the AS level. In this scale are the Members of the OFS (ordinance Factories Board)/the Additional DGOF (Director General Ordnance Factories). The head of the service is the chairman of the OFB/DGOF, who has the same fixed salary as the Secretaries.

THE INDIAN CIVIL ACCOUNTS SERVICES (ICAS)

Training will be in the office of the CGA (Controller General of Accounts), Department of Expenditure (Ministry of Finance) Delhi and in the offices of the Chief Controller of Accounts in the various ministries of Government of India. The first posting will be as Assistant Controller of Accounts in some ministry of the Government of India. In the Senior Scale, they will become the Deputy Controller of Accounts. In the Senior Administrative Grade they will be made Chief Controller of Accounts. The highest career post for an ICAS officer is Controller General of Accounts and has a salary fixed higher than that of the Additional Secretaries’ Scale.

THE INDIAN DEFENCE ESTATES SERVICES (IDES)

This service deals entirely with spacious, well-planned, green, landscaped cantonments. In this service an IDES officer will begin his career in the junior scale, as an Executive Officer in a Class I or a Class II Cantonment. In the Senior Scale he would normally be sent to a Class I Cantonment as an Executive Officer of Assistant Director or Deputy Assistant Director General or Defence Estate Officer. Next promotion in the “Ordinary Grade” (similar to the JAG) will be as Joint Director the designation which he will retain in the Selection Grade as well. After the Selection Grade the IDES Officers are first promoted as Directors (Level I) before they are made Directors (Level III). The latter post is in the Senior Administrative Grade. The top officer is the Director General Defence Estates.

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How to Apply for UPSC Civil Services Exam 2020?

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MYUPSC UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series
  1. Login to the official website of UPSC and search a link for “Application Form”.
  2. Once you get the link, click on it and application form window will be opened consisting of 2 stages registration- part I & Part II.
  3. You need to click on Part I registration & fill all the details as required in the application form.
  4. Once all the details are entered, you have to click on submit. On submission, a registration ID will be generated.
  5. Now the applicants will have to proceed with Part II registration by using registration ID generated during Part I registration.
  6. Here you have to choose the examination you want to appear for.
  7. Now upload the scanned images of your photograph & signature in specified format.
  8. Also pay application fee as mentioned in the website.
  9. On successful completion of application fee, the registration process will be completed.
  10. The applicants can take down the print out of their online submitted application forms for future reference.

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UPSC Civil Services Prelims and Mains Exam Syllabus

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MYUPSC UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series

Exam Syllabus

S.No. Subject (Paper-I)S.No. Subject (Paper-II)
1. Indian History and Freedom Struggle 1. Decision Making & Problem Solving
2. World and Indian Geography : Physical, Social, Economic, Political Geog. 2. Interpersonal Skill & Communication Skill)
3. Indian Polity : (i) Constitution 3. Comprehension
4. Indian Economy 4. Administrative Analytical Reasoning
5. General Science : (i) Zoology (ii) Botany (iii) Physics and Chemistry 5. Basic Numeracy
6. Bio diversity 6. General Mental Ability
7. Ecology & Environment 7. Data Interpretation
8. Current Events of National and International Importance

Note 1: The CSAT aptitude test or Paper-II of the Civil Services (Preliminary) examination will be a qualifying paper only with a minimum of 33% to be secured to sit for the Civil Services (Mains) exam.

Note 2: The questions in both Paper-I (current affairs) and Paper-II (aptitude test) will be of multiple choice, objective type for 200 marks each and the time allotted for each paper is two hours.

Note 3: It is mandatory for the candidate to appear in both the papers of Civil Services (Prelim) examination for the purpose of evaluation. Therefore a candidate will be disqualified in case he or she does not appear in both the papers of the (Prelims) exam.

Civil Services Mains Exam 2020 Syllabus

The written examination will consist of the following papers:

Paper A – Modern Indian language 300 Marks – Qualifying nature – Marks not counted – Passing mandatory-

Comprehension of given passages.

Precise Writing

Usage and Vocabulary

Short Essay

Translation from English to the Indian language and vice-versa

Note 1: The Papers on Indian Languages and English will be of Matriculation or equivalent standard and will be of qualifying nature only. The marks obtained in these papers will not be counted for ranking.

Note 2: The candidates will have to answer the English and Indian Languages papers in English and the respective Indian language (except where translation is involved).

Paper B – English -300 marks – Qualifying nature – Marks not counted- Passing mandatory. The aim of the paper is to test the candidates’ ability to read and understand serious discursive prose, and to express his ideas clearly and correctly, in English and Indian Language concerned.

The pattern of questions would be broadly as follows:-

Comprehension of given passages

Precise Writing

Usage and Vocabulary

Short Essay

Paper-I

Essay – 250 Marks:-

  • To be written in the medium or language of the candidate’s choice – Candidates will be required to write an essay on a specific topic.
  • The choice of subjects will be given. They will be expected to keep closely to the subject of the essay to arrange their ideas in orderly fashion, and to write concisely.
  • Credit will be given for effective and exact expression.

Paper-II

General Studies-I 250 Marks :-( Indian Heritage and Culture, History and Geography of the World and Society)

  • Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
  • Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.
  • Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.
  • History of the world will include events from 18th century such as industrial revolution, world wars, redrawal of national boundaries, colonization, decolonization, political philosophies like communism, capitalism, socialism etc.- their forms and effect on the society. Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.
  • Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.
  • Effects of globalization on Indian society
  • Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.
  • Salient features of world’s physical geography.
  • Distribution of key natural resources across the world (including South Asia and the Indian sub-continent); factors responsible for the location of primary, secondary, and tertiary sector industries in various parts of the world (including India)
  • Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

Paper-III

General Studies -II: 250 Marks: – (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations)

  • Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
  • Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein.
  • Separation of powers between various organs dispute redressal mechanisms and institutions.
  • Comparison of the Indian constitutional scheme with that of other countries Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these. Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal associations and their role in the Polity.
  • Salient features of the Representation of People’s Act.
  • Appointment to various Constitutional posts, powers, functions and responsibilities of various Constitutional Bodies. Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies.
  • Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
  • Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.
  • Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.
  • Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.
  • Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
  • Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
  • Role of civil services in a democracy.
  • India and its neighborhood- relations.
  • Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.
  • Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

PAPER-IV

General Studies -III 250 Marks :-( Technology, Economic Development, Bio-diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management)

  • Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management.
  • Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
  • Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
  • Government Budgeting.
  • Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
  • Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices; Public Distribution System objectives, functioning, limitations, revamping; issues of buffer stocks and food security; Technology missions; economics of animal-rearing.
  • Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, upstream and downstream requirements, supply chain management Land reforms in India.
  • Effects of liberalization on the economy, changes in industrial policy and their effects on industrial growth.
  • Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
  • Investment models.
  • Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
  • Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nano-technology, bio-technology and issues relating to intellectual property rights. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment Disaster and disaster management.
  • Linkages between development and spread of extremism.
  • Role of external state and non-state actors in creating challenges to internal security.
  • Challenges to internal security through communication networks, role of media and social networking sites in internal security challenges, basics of cyber security; money-laundering and its prevention.
  • Security challenges and their management in border areas; linkages of organized crime with terrorism.
  • Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Paper-V

General Studies -IV 250 Marks (Ethics, Integrity and Aptitude)

  •  This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will be covered.
  • Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.
  • Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.
  • Attitude: content, structure, function; its influence and relation with thought and behaviour; moral and political attitudes; social influence and persuasion.
  • Aptitude and foundational values for Civil Service , integrity, impartiality and non-partisanship, objectivity, dedication to public service, empathy, tolerance and compassion towards the weaker-sections.
  • Emotional intelligence-concepts, and their utilities and application in administration and governance.
  • Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
  • Public/Civil service values and Ethics in Public administration: Status and problems; ethical concerns and dilemmas in government and private institutions; laws, rules, regulations and conscience as sources of ethical guidance; accountability and ethical governance; strengthening of ethical and moral values in governance; ethical issues in international relations and funding; corporate governance.
  • Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity; Information sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.
  • Case Studies on above issues.

Paper-VI

Optional Subject – Paper I -250 Marks

Paper-VII

Optional Subject – Paper II -250 Marks

NOTE:
Marks obtained by the candidates for all papers EXCEPT PAPER -A & B will be counted for merit ranking. However, the Commission will have the discretion to fix qualifying marks in any or all papers of the examination Aspirants can log on to UPSC’s official website (www.upsc.gov.in) to see the detailed notification.

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“Where do you see yourself when you grow up?”

This is the most cliché question a child must answer. And the most common answer given by children is engineer or doctor (given by the more ambitious ones).

Little do these young ones know about the wonderful job that IAS is? Otherwise, why would we have so many engineers qualifying the Civil Services Examination, Kanishka Kataria Rank 1, and CSE 2019 being the latest example. Ira Singhal, Athar Aamir khan, Srushti Jayant Deshmukh and Akshat Jain are some of the engineer-turned-IAS officers. Dr Shah Faesal and Dr Sheena Aggrawal are the doctor-turned-IAS officers.

Being a civil servant offers something that many top corporate jobs, businesses and even many reputed government jobs can’t.

It could be power, fame, prestige, self-actualization, perks, a grand accommodation, very own staff, an opportunity to serve the nation and comfortable life.

Many young aspirants start preparing for CSE just after completing their intermediate (12th standard).

But it is very vital for a candidate, especially for a fresher to know the right time to take the mother of all examinations.

This is not as simple as it sounds. Many deserving candidates fall short of their attempts because they come to know about the existence of Civil Services Examination (CSE) very late in their life when they are on the verge of completing the maximum age limit.

It takes time to understand the demand for this examination and everybody has his/her speed of assessing their strengths and weaknesses. Having no time or lesser number of attempts due to age issues creates additional pressure on the candidate. Yet the lucky ones can sail through.

Many officers who qualify CSE cannot get the service of their choice since they have crossed the age limit, they can’t give it another shot.

If you are OBC/SC/ST /Physically Handicapped (PH), you should know that you are given extra attempts and extended age limit as compared to the general category students. You can feel thankful about it and start preparing for the exam more rigorously.

If you are a GENERAL category student, you should know that you have limited attempts as compared to others and try cracking the examination in one go.

The point is that it is crucial to know the various eligibility criteria to prepare yourself the best possible way and start at the right time in advance.

Knowing all the UPSC eligibility criteria thoroughly, in fact, makes you smarter and gives you an edge over others who are unaware( believe it or not) because then you can plan your UPSC journey( the journey of a lifetime) in a manner best suitable for you.

In the light of that, below are the various UPSC eligibility criteria you must know to give your best shot.

UPSC EXAM ELIGIBILITY

 

NATIONALITY

For Indian administrative service, Indian Foreign Service, & Indian Police Service

  • A candidate must be a citizen of India.

For other services

  • A candidate must be a citizen of India/ Nepal/Bhutan.
  • A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India. or
  • A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

If you are from Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet or other above-mentioned countries ( having the intention of permanently settling in India), knowing only the fact that you are eligible for such coveted posts will boost your confidence and surely, you would not want to miss this chance.

There are many youngsters from such countries living in India yet unaware of this golden opportunity in their way. 

By studying the job profiles, you are eligible for, you can choose one dream job that drives you crazy and it will motivate you in your hard times throughout the UPSC journey.

A candidate in whose case a certificate of eligibility is necessary, may be admitted to the examination but the offer of appointment may be given only after the necessary eligibility certificate has been issued to him/her by the Government of India.

AGE LIMITS

You should be at least 21 year of age to sit in the Civil Services Examination. Further, you can give your valid number of attempts till you attain the age of 32 years. (Relaxations described below excluded).

CATEGORY AGE RELAXATIONS
SC/ST Five years
OBC Three years
Defence Services Personnel Three years
Ex-servicemen Five years
Blindness and low vision, deaf and hard of hearing, loco motor disability including cerebral palsy, leprosy cured, dwarfism, acid attack victims and muscular dystrophy, autism, intellectual disability, specific learning disability, mental illness and multiple disabilities including deaf blindness. Ten years
If you are domiciled in State of Jammu and Kashmir Five years

 

MINIMUM EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION

The candidate must hold a degree, or possess an equivalent qualification to fulfil the eligibility criteria for IAS. Your degree should be recognized either by an act of parliament or state legislature or University Grants Commission. With the intention of bringing socio-economic balance in our society, government encourages women to apply for CSE in large numbers.

Candidates who have appeared or intend to appear for the qualifying examination and are awaiting results are also eligible to appear for the Preliminary Examination.

Candidates who have passed the final year of MBBS or any Medical Examination but are yet to complete the internship can also appear for the Main Examination.

The UPSC may in exceptional cases treat a candidate without the foregoing requisite qualification as an eligible candidate if he / she have passed an examination conducted by other institutions, the standard of which justifies his / her admission in the opinion of the Commission.

Candidates with professional and technical qualifications recognized by the Government as equivalent to professional and technical degrees can also appear for Civil Services Examination.

NUMBER OF ATTEMPTS

Every candidate appearing at the examination, who is otherwise eligible, shall be permitted six attempts at the examination.
Age Educational Qualification No. of Attempts
General 21-32 Yrs Graduate (any stream) Six
OBC 21-35 Years Graduate (any stream) Nine
SC/ST 21-37 Years Graduate (any stream) Any number of attempts till the age limit

PHYSICALLY HANDICAPPED (PH) AGE CRITERIA & NUMBER OF ATTEMPTS

CATEGORY AGE LIMIT (MIN. AGE- MAX. AGE) NUMBER OF ATTEMPTS
General 21-42 years Nine
OBC 21-42 years Nine
SC/ST 21-47 years Any number of attempts till the age limit

What will count as an attempt at the Civil Services Examination?

An attempt at a Preliminary Examination shall be deemed to be an attempt at the Civil Services Examination If:

Appearance of the candidate at the examination will count as an attempt.

If a candidate just applies for UPSC CSE but don’t appear, that won’t be counted as an attempt by UPSC.

If a candidate actually appears in any one paper in the Preliminary Examination, he/she shall be deemed to have made an attempt at the Examination.

RESTRICTIONS ON APPLYING FOR EXAMINATION

  • A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Administrative Service or the Indian Foreign Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to compete at this examination. In case such a candidate is appointed to the IAS/IFS after the Preliminary Examination of Civil Services Examination, 2019 is over and he/she continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be eligible to appear in the Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2019 notwithstanding his/her having qualified in the Preliminary Examination, 2019. 
  • Also provided that if such a candidate is appointed to IAS/IFS after the commencement of the Civil Services (Main) Examination, 2019 but before the result thereof and continues to be a member of that service, he/she shall not be considered for appointment to any service/post on the basis of the result of this examination viz. Civil Services Examination, 2019.
  • A candidate who is appointed to the Indian Police Service on the results of an earlier examination and continues to be a member of that service will not be eligible to opt for the Indian Police Service in Civil Services Examination, 2019.

PHYSICAL STANDARDS

Candidates must be physically fit for admission to Civil Services Examination, 2019. Guidelines are given in Appendix-III of rules of examination.

These were some of the criteria which will surely help you in a manner that will guide before you start your UPSC journey.

(Batch-2)MOCK TEST SERIES FOR UPSC CIVIL SERVICES PRELIMINARY EXAM 2020

MYUPSC UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series

TEST SERIES AVAILABLE ONLY IN ENGLISH

2018 Prelims- 33+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme 

2019 Prelims- 40+ questions asked from MYUPSC Test Series Programme

There are Full Length 60 Very High Quality Tests that match very UPSC standard (acknowledged by hundreds of toppers every year).

  1. These 60 Tests are structured in such a way as to help you start from scratch and gradually gain advanced knowledge through self study using standard textbooks and multiple revisions.
  2. First 10 Tests are based on all Important NCERT Textbooks (New NCERTs).
  3. There will be full length REVISION TEST after every 5 Tests. This helps in timetaly revision of every important topic you have read, including current affairs, before you move on to new topics.
  4. Every Test will cover Current Affairs comprehensively from May 1, 2019. This helps you read and revise current affairs from the beginning.
  5. All tests will cover previous year question papers of UPSC civil services. NDA, CDS, IES, CAPF exams. This feature helps you understand the expectations of UPSC and prepare accordingly.
  6. Every test will cover 10 percent of previous test’s syllabus. This is to let you not forget what you have read for first test and thereafter. Helps you revise previous tests before the next test.
  7. There will be section-wise analysis of your performance in each test. This helps you know where you need to put extra efforts to prepare well for your weakest areas.
  8. Unlimited access to previous tests in the form of PDFs.

This test series will seriously prepare you to tackle actual exam with full confidence.

MYUPSC – UPSC CSP (2020) Test series will strategically provide its students with an in-depth coverage of the syllabus and scientifically designed revision plans covering the entire static and current portions (multiple times). With the help of guidance, we aim to make sure that our students are exam ready, with all the skills and tools needed to handle any surprise UPSC throws at them.

Unique Features of MYUPSC Prelims Test Series

  1. Comprehensive coverage of entire syllabus of UPSC CSP exam through UPSC standard MCQs
  2. Sectional Tests have been designed in a manner that students can cover each subject comprehensively in sufficient time and can evaluate his/her performance through our tests
  3. Strictly adhering to UPSC pattern, the nature of questions ranges from factual to conceptual, proportionally dividing in each of the Test Papers
  4. Options of MCQs have also been arranged in such a manner that elimination tactics can be applied by students while solving questions
  5. All tests will be conducted in same manner as in real examination hall which helps in better time management and prepare students to solve MCQs correctly under exam pressure

Performance Analysis of aspirants, Section wise analysis, Difficulty Analysis, All India Rank, comparison with toppers, Integrated Score Card, Analysis of Mock Test papers based on difficulty level & nature of questions etc. will be provided to students. It will help in evaluating their performance and course correction

UPSC (CSE Prelims) IAS Test Series 2020 Schedule Batch – 2

IAS Test Series 2020   Date
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 11 December 2019
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 24 December 2019
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 38 December 2019
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 412 December 2019
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 516 December 2019
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 620  December 2019
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 724 December 2019
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 828 December 2019
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 92 January 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 106 January 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 1110 January 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 1214 January 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 1318 January 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 1422 January 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 1527 January 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 1630 January 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 172 February 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 186 February 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 1910 February 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 2014 February 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 2118 February 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 2222 February 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 2326 February 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 242 March 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 256 March 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 2610 March 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 2714 March 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 2818 March 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 2922 March 2020
IAS Prelims 2020 Test 3026 March 2020
Next Schedule to be updated soon………………….

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MYUPSC – UPSC CSP (2020) Test series will strategically provide its students with an in-depth coverage of the syllabus and scientifically designed revision plans covering the entire static and current portions (multiple times). With the help of guidance, we aim to make sure that our students are exam ready, with all the skills and tools needed to handle any surprise UPSC throws at them.

Unique Features of MYUPSC Prelims Test Series

  1. Comprehensive coverage of entire syllabus of UPSC CSP exam through UPSC standard MCQs
  2. Sectional Tests have been designed in a manner that students can cover each subject comprehensively in sufficient time and can evaluate his/her performance through our tests
  3. Strictly adhering to UPSC pattern, the nature of questions ranges from factual to conceptual, proportionally dividing in each of the Test Papers
  4. Options of MCQs have also been arranged in such a manner that elimination tactics can be applied by students while solving questions
  5. All tests will be conducted in same manner as in real examination hall which helps in better time management and prepare students to solve MCQs correctly under exam pressure

Performance Analysis of aspirants, Section wise analysis, Difficulty Analysis, All India Rank, comparison with toppers, Integrated Score Card, Analysis of Mock Test papers based on difficulty level & nature of questions etc. will be provided to students. It will help in evaluating their performance and course correction

Click Here To Download

MYUPSC! UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Test 5 with solution

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MYUPSC UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series

MYUPSC – UPSC CSP (2020) Test series will strategically provide its students with an in-depth coverage of the syllabus and scientifically designed revision plans covering the entire static and current portions (multiple times). With the help of guidance, we aim to make sure that our students are exam ready, with all the skills and tools needed to handle any surprise UPSC throws at them.

Unique Features of MYUPSC Prelims Test Series

  1. Comprehensive coverage of entire syllabus of UPSC CSP exam through UPSC standard MCQs
  2. Sectional Tests have been designed in a manner that students can cover each subject comprehensively in sufficient time and can evaluate his/her performance through our tests
  3. Strictly adhering to UPSC pattern, the nature of questions ranges from factual to conceptual, proportionally dividing in each of the Test Papers
  4. Options of MCQs have also been arranged in such a manner that elimination tactics can be applied by students while solving questions
  5. All tests will be conducted in same manner as in real examination hall which helps in better time management and prepare students to solve MCQs correctly under exam pressure

Performance Analysis of aspirants, Section wise analysis, Difficulty Analysis, All India Rank, comparison with toppers, Integrated Score Card, Analysis of Mock Test papers based on difficulty level & nature of questions etc. will be provided to students. It will help in evaluating their performance and course correction

Click Here To Download

Must Read Books For UPSC Prelims

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

MYUPSC! UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Test 4 with solution

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MYUPSC UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series

MYUPSC – UPSC CSP (2020) Test series will strategically provide its students with an in-depth coverage of the syllabus and scientifically designed revision plans covering the entire static and current portions (multiple times). With the help of guidance, we aim to make sure that our students are exam ready, with all the skills and tools needed to handle any surprise UPSC throws at them.

Unique Features of MYUPSC Prelims Test Series

Comprehensive coverage of entire syllabus of UPSC CSP exam through UPSC standard MCQs

Sectional Tests have been designed in a manner that students can cover each subject comprehensively in sufficient time and can evaluate his/her performance through our tests

Strictly adhering to UPSC pattern, the nature of questions ranges from factual to conceptual, proportionally dividing in each of the Test Papers

Options of MCQs have also been arranged in such a manner that elimination tactics can be applied by students while solving questions

All tests will be conducted in same manner as in real examination hall which helps in better time management and prepare students to solve MCQs correctly under exam pressure

Performance Analysis of aspirants, Section wise analysis, Difficulty Analysis, All India Rank, comparison with toppers, Integrated Score Card, Analysis of Mock Test papers based on difficulty level & nature of questions etc. will be provided to students. It will help in evaluating their performance and course correction

Click Here To Download

Must Read Books For UPSC Prelims;

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

MYUPSC UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Test 3 with solution

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MYUPSC UPSC Prelims Exam 2020 Test Series

MYUPSC – UPSC CSP (2020) Test series will strategically provide its students with an in-depth coverage of the syllabus and scientifically designed revision plans covering the entire static and current portions (multiple times). With the help of guidance, we aim to make sure that our students are exam ready, with all the skills and tools needed to handle any surprise UPSC throws at them.

Unique Features of MYUPSC Prelims Test Series

  1. Comprehensive coverage of entire syllabus of UPSC CSP exam through UPSC standard MCQs
  2. Sectional Tests have been designed in a manner that students can cover each subject comprehensively in sufficient time and can evaluate his/her performance through our tests
  3. Strictly adhering to UPSC pattern, the nature of questions ranges from factual to conceptual, proportionally dividing in each of the Test Papers
  4. Options of MCQs have also been arranged in such a manner that elimination tactics can be applied by students while solving questions
  5. All tests will be conducted in same manner as in real examination hall which helps in better time management and prepare students to solve MCQs correctly under exam pressure

Performance Analysis of aspirants, Section wise analysis, Difficulty Analysis, All India Rank, comparison with toppers, Integrated Score Card, Analysis of Mock Test papers based on difficulty level & nature of questions etc. will be provided to students. It will help in evaluating their performance and course correction

CLICK HERE TO DOWNLOAD

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Must Read Books For UPSC Prelims

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

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UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

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UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

GS Score Prelims 2020 Test 10 with Solutions (UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series)

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How much you study doesn’t matter here, what matters is how much practice that you did before the exams and test series fulfill their need for this purpose. To say simply, TEST SERIES are the Key to Success and the more tests you practice, more chances of clearing the exam.

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MYUPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Mock Test – 8

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upsc ias prelims exam 2020 test series, Civil Services Preliminary Examination Free solved Test.

Practice Mock Test – 8

1. Which of the following banks has been listed as a Domestic Systemically Important Banks (DSIBs) by the Reserve bank of India?

(a) Punjab National Bank

(b) Bank of Baroda

(c) HDFC Bank

(d) IndusInd Bank

2. The Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution had launched negotiable warehousing receipts (NWR) in electronic format.

Consider the following in this regard:

1. The depositors are bailee against commodities deposited in warehouses for which documents are issued by warehouses.

2. NWRs can be traded, sold, swapped and used as collateral to support borrowing or loans from banks.

3. It is an important step towards doubling farmers’ income by 2022.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1, 2 and 3

(d) None

3. Which of the following statements is/ are correct regarding The National Agricultural Higher Education Project?

1. The project has been formulated by the Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers’ Welfare in partnership with the World Bank.

2. Project Management and Learning is an important component of the project.

3. The project has been launched with 50:50 cost sharing basis with the World Bank.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1 and 3 only

4. Bharat 22 is the second ETF (Exchange Traded Fund launched by the Government of India. Consider the following in this regard:

1. ETF’s are more liquid than mutual funds as they can be sold quickly on stock exchanges.

2. Bharat 22 comprises of 22 stocks and is managed by SBI Blue-chip Fund.

3. It gives highest sector wise weightage to energy.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 only

(d) 2 and 3 only

5. Which of the following are the features of the Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy (HELP)?

1. Uniform license

2. An open acreage policy

3. Profit sharing model

4. Marketing and pricing freedom

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1, 2 and 3 only

(b) Only 1, 2 and 4

(c) Only 1, 3 and 4

(d) 1, 2, 3 and 4

6. Consider the following statements regarding the Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana (PMVVY):

1. It is a pension scheme launched by the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment.

2. It is operated by Life Insurance Company in collaboration with the National Insurance Company (NIC).

3. The scheme also offers loan up to 75% of the purchase price after 3 policy years.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

(A) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

7. Consider the following statements regarding the Jute-ICARE project:

1. It has been launched by the Ministry of Textiles to double the income of jute farmers.

2. A microbial consortium called SONA has been developed by the National Jute Board under Jute-ICARE project.

3. Retting is a process in which jute is placed in liquid so as to promote tightening of the fibres in the woody tissue.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 1 and 2 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

8. Administered Price Mechanism (APM) for petrol and diesel was dismantled by the government in 2017. Consider the following statements:

1. In dynamic fuel pricing, the oil retailers fortnightly revise the retail selling prices of petrol and diesel.

2. In India, the dynamic fuel pricing has been introduced for fixing the petrol prices only.

Which of the following statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

9. Which of the following statements is/ are correct regarding the Innovate in India (i3) project?

1. I3 is a flagship program of the Government of India under the National Biopharma Mission.

2. It has been launched by the Union Ministry of Science & Technology in collaboration with World Bank.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

10. Consider the following statements regarding the Hill Area Development Programme (HADP):

1. The scheme aims to ensure equitable development of every area, tribe and every section in the North Eastern Region.

2. It has been launched by The Ministry for Development of North Eastern Region.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

11. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the National Policy on Marine Fisheries?

1. The policy is in line with the FAO’s Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries on conservation, development and management of fisheries.

2. The Policy has proposed chip-based smart registration cards for fishermen and their fishing vessels.

3. It focuses on Species-specific and area specific management plans with spatial and temporal measures for sustainable utilization of resources.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

12. With respect to information utilities

(IU), consider the following:

1. It maintains information of all financial contracts in a demat format.

2. National E-Governance Services Limited (NeSL) is India’s first Information Utility.

Which of the above statements is /are Incorrect?

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

13. Which of the following committees has recommended an overhaul of corporate governance norms for listed firms?

(a) Bimal Julka Committee

(b) Vasudev Committee

(c) Tarapore Committee

(d) Uday Kotak Committee

14. Which of the following statements is correct regarding the Peer-to Peer lending (P2P)?

1. Peer-to Peer lending allows a business to sell its invoices at a discount to a pool of individual or institutional investors for cash.

2. P2P platforms are now treated as non banking financial companies (NBFCs) and thus regulated by Securities and Exchange Board of India.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(a) 1 only

(b) 2 only

(c) Both 1 and 2

(d) Neither 1 nor 2

15. With reference to ‘Non Banking Financial Company (NBFC), consider the following statements:

1. NBFC is engaged in loans and advances, industrial activity, the sale, purchase or construction of immovable property.

2. NBFC is a company registered under the Companies Act, 1956 of India.

3. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) launched the Ombudsman Scheme for Non Banking Financial Companies (NBFC).

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(A) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

16. Various activities to promote best practices and enhance agriculture income being undertaken under Krishi Kalyan Abhiyan are

1. Distribution of Soil Health Cards to all farmers

2. Artificial insemination saturation

3. Demonstration programmes on Micro-irrigation

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(A) 1 and 2 only

(b) 2 and 3 only

(c) 1 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

17. ‘Project Sashakt ‘has been launched is

(a) Personality development programme through social (or community) service

(b) Comprehensive medical care facilities to Central Government employees and their family members.

(c) One-time cash incentive to pregnant women for institutional/home births through skilled assistance.

(d) A scheme that aims to strengthen the credit capacity, credit culture and credit portfolio of public sector banks.

18. India’s first ‘freight village’ will be developed by

(a) The Inland Waterways Authority of India

(b) The National Highways Authority of India

(c) The State government of Gujarat

(d) National Bank for Agriculture and Rural

Development

19. With reference to the Municipal Bonds in India, which of the following statements is/are incorrect?

1. The market for municipal bonds in India is almost non-existent unlike US and many developing countries.

2. Thiruvananthapuram Municipal Corporation was the first urban local body in India to issue tax-free municipal bonds.

3. RBI has mandated guarantee from the State Government or Central Government for issuing such bond.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

 (a) 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

20. With reference to special economic zone (SEZ) in India, consider the following statements:

1. India’s SEZ Policy was implemented from 1991.

2. The Baba Kalyani led committee was constituted to study the existing SEZ policy of India.

3. There is absence of clear exit mechanism for the SEZ developers in India.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(A) 1 and 2 only

(b) 1 and 3 only

(c) 2 and 3 only

(d) 1, 2 and 3

Answer

Q. 1 (c)

Q. 2 (b)

Q. 3 (c)

Q. 4 (a)

Q. 5 (b)

Q. 6 (a)

Q. 7 (a)

Q. 8 (d)

Q. 9 (c)

Q. 10 (c)

Q. 11 (d)

Q. 12 (d)

Q. 13 (d)

Q. 14 (d)

Q. 15 (b)

Q. 16 (d)

Q. 17 (d)

Q. 18 (a)

Q. 19 (c)

Q. 20 (c)

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MYUPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Mock Test – 7

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upsc ias prelims exam 2020 test series, Civil Services Preliminary Examination Free solved Test.

Practice Mock Test – 7

Q1. Consider the following about ‘RAILMADAD’:

1. It is a mobile App to register complaints by passengers through mobile phone/web.

2. It relays real time feedback to passengers on the status of redressal of their complaints which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q2. Consider the following about ‘Renewal Energy Dialogue’:

1. This dialogue is organised by Council on Energy, Environment and Water (CEEW).

2. It offers a platform for engaged deliberations on the role of different stakeholders in advancing renewable energy deployment, balancing both domestic priorities and international mitigation ambitions and commitments.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q3. Consider the following about ‘Mission Solar Charkha’:

1. It is an initiative of The Ministry of New and Renewable Energy (MNRE).

2. Its main objective is to leverage low-cost, innovative technologies and processes for sustenance.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q4. In which of the following locations Strategic Oil Reserves have not been established?

a) Visakhapatnam

b) Mangalore

c) Padur

d) Ambala

Q5. Which of the following state government has launched ‘Surya Shakti Kisan Scheme’?

a) Uttar Pradesh

b) Gujarat

c) Madhya Pradesh

d) Rajasthan

Q6. Consider the following statements about ‘UDYAM SANGAM’:

1. It is organised by The Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

2. The purpose of the Conclave is to encourage dialogue and partnership among various stakeholders of the MSME ecosystem and for promoting innovation and knowledge sharing on MSME related issues.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q7. Consider the following statements about ‘Unorganised Worker Identification Number’:

1. It is an initiative of The Ministry of

Corporate Affairs under Unorganized Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008

2. It will improve unorganised workers’ access to all social security schemes.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q8. Consider the following about ‘Water Productivity Mapping of Major Indian Crops Report’:

1. The report is released by Niti Aayog.

2. The report presents for the first time, maps on the water productivity of ten major Indian crops across cultivating districts and states.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q9. Consider the following about ‘Zero Budget Natural Farming’:

1. ‘Zero Budgets’ farming promises to end a reliance on loans and drastically cut production costs, ending the debt cycle for desperate farmers.

2. Under this initiative there is no use of chemicals.

3. The movement first evolved in Karnataka.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 3 only

b) 1 and 2 only

c) 2 only

d) All of the above

Q10. With reference to ‘Financial stability report’, consider the following statements:

1. It is released by the Ministry of Finance.

2. It reflects the overall assessment of the stability of India’s financial system and its resilience to risks emanating from global and domestic factors.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q11. With reference to ‘Prompt Corrective

Action (PCA) Framework’, consider the following statements:

1. It is a set of guidelines by the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) to private companies for improving their financial condition.

2. It is a framework for improving the financial condition of the scheduled commercial banks.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q12. What is/are possible factor for depreciation of rupees?

a) Rise in international crude oil prices.

b) Tightening of U.S. monetary policy

c) Both a and b

d) None of the above

Q13. With reference to ‘Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), 2016’, consider the following statements:

1. It deals primarily with insolvency issues in the banking sector.

2. Timeline for Insolvency resolution process is 2 years under IBC, 2016.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q14. With reference to ‘Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC)’, consider the following statements:

1. It is a subsidiary of Life Insurance Corporation.

2. It provides insurance to deposits up to 10 lakhs.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q15. ‘Compact2025’, sometimes seen in the news, is related to

a) It is an initiative for ending hunger and under nutrition by 2025.

b) It is an initiative for increasing forest cover up to 30 percent all over the world by 2025.

c) It is an initiative for the elimination of gender inequality by 2025.

d) It is an initiative for increasing primary health coverage by 2025.

Q16. With reference to ‘Consumer Confidence Survey’, consider the following statements:

1. It is released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO)

2. This Survey is being used by the Reserve Bank as one of the important inputs for monetary Policy formulation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q17.With reference to ‘Liberalized Remittance Scheme (LRS)’, consider the following statements:

1. It was launched by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

2. Regulations for the scheme are provided under the Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act, 2010.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q18) ‘MADAD (Mobile Application for Desired Assistance During travel)’, recently in the news is related to

a) Monitoring the Non-performing assets

(NPA) of banks

b) Monitoring dropout rate in primary schools

c) Promotion of girl education in India.

d) Expedite and streamline passenger grievance redressal

Q19. With reference to ‘Monetary Policy

Committee’, consider the following statements:

1. The committee was created in 2016 to bring transparency and accountability in fixing India’s Fiscal Policy.

2. All members of the committee are nominated by the Government of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q20. Consider the following Statements about Advance Pricing Agreement:

1. It is an agreement between the taxpayer and the tax authority regarding transfer pricing in the future.

2. The agreement will be binding on both the taxpayer and the tax authorities.

Which of the above statement is/are correct?

a) 1 only

b) 2 only

c) Both 1 and 2

d) Neither 1 nor 2

Q21. Which of the following sequence is correct about share capital in Regional Rural Banks?

a) Union Government>Sponsor Bank>State Government

b) Sponsor Bank>State Government>Union Government

c) Union Government>State Government>Sponsor Bank

d) State Government>Sponsor Bank>Union Government

Answer

Q1.  C

Q2.  C

Q3.  B

Q4.  D

Q5.  B

Q6.  B

Q7.  B

Q8.  B

Q9.  D

Q10.  B

Q11.  B

Q12.  C

Q13.  D

Q14.  D

Q15.  A

Q16.  B

Q17.  D

Q18).  D

Q19.  D

Q20.  C

Q21.  A

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