Cauvery Water Dispute Verdict
- Supreme Court, pronounced the verdict on the appeals filed by Tamil Nadu, Karnataka and Kerala against the final award of the Cauvery Waters Tribunal in 2007 on the allocation of water to them.
- The dispute dates back to the Madras-Mysore agreements of 1924. It was in 1990 when the Centre created a tribunal to examine the conflict and address the water shortage.
Key points of verdict:-
- The Supreme Court increased Karnataka’s share of water.
- The verdict has reduced Tamil Nadu’s allocation of the Cauvery water from the Billigundulu dam.
- The Court has allowed Bengaluru to use the Cauvery water for drinking purposes.
- There is no change in the water share of Kerala and Puducherry.
The Cauvery basin:-
- The Cauvery River originates in Karnataka’s Kodagu district, flows into Tamil Nadu and reaches the Bay of Bengal at Poompuhar.
- Parts of three Indian states – Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka – and the Union Territory of Pondicherry lie in the Cauvery basin.
Other Inter-State River Water Sharing Disputes:-
- Krishna Water Disputes Tribunal -II between the states Karnataka, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra.
- Mahanadi Water Disputes Tribunal between the states Odisha and Chhattisgarh.
- Mahadayi Water Disputes Tribunal between the states Goa, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
- Ravi & Beas Water Tribunal between the states Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan.
- Vansadhara Water Disputes Tribunal between the states Andhra Pradesh &Odisha.