CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Chhattisgarh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for CGPSC State PSC and all other competitive exams CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020 Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

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Chhattisgarh Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like CGSC and Other Chhattisgarh State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Chhattisgarh based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the Chhattisgarh State. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

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CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Introduction of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is one of the 28 states of India, located in the centre-east of the country. It is the ninth-largest state in India, with an area of 135,192 km2. With a 2011 population of 25.5 million, Chhattisgarh is the 16th-most populated state in the country. A resource-rich state, it is a source of electricity and steel for the country, accounting for 15% of the total steel produced as well as large contributor of coal. Chhattisgarh is one of the fastest-developing states in India. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The state was formed on 1 November 2000 by partitioning ten Chhattisgarhi and six Gondi speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh. The capital city is Raipur. Chhattisgarh borders the states of Madhya Pradesh in the northwest, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Jharkhand in northeast, Maharashtra in the southwest, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh in the south, and Odisha in the southeast. Currently the state comprises 28 districts. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

There are several opinions as to the origin of the name Chhattisgarh, which in ancient times was known as Dakshina Kosala (South Kosala), the native place of Bhagwan Rama as his mother name was Kaushalya, daughter of Kaushal Naresh.”Chhattisgarh” was popularised later during the time of the Maratha Empire and was first used in an official document in 1795. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

It is claimed that Chhattisgarh takes its name from the 36 ancient forts in the area. The old state had 36 demesnes (feudal territories): Ratanpur, Vijaypur, Kharound, Maro, Kautgarh, Nawagarh, Sondhi, Aukhar, Padarbhatta, Semriya, Champa, Lafa, Chhuri, Kenda, Matin, Aparora, Pendra, Kurkuti-kandri, Raipur, Patan, Simaga, Singarpur, Lavan, Omera, Durg, Saradha, Sirasa, Menhadi, Khallari, Sirpur, Figeswar, Rajim, Singhangarh, Suvarmar, Tenganagarh and Akaltara. However, experts do not agree with this explanation, as 36 forts cannot be archaeologically identified in this region. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Another view, more popular with experts and historians, is that Chhattisgarh is the corrupted form of Chedisgarh meaning Raj or “Empire of the Chedis“. In ancient times, Chhattisgarh region had been part of the Chedi dynasty of Kalinga, in modern Odisha. In the medieval period up to 1803, a major portion of present eastern Chhattisgarh was part of the Sambalpur Kingdom of Odisha. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The northern and southern parts of the state are hilly, while the central part is a fertile plain. The highest point in the state is the Gaurlata. Deciduous forests of the Eastern Highlands Forests cover roughly 44% of the state. The state animal is the van bhainsa, or wild Asian buffalo. The state bird is the pahari myna, or hill myna. The state tree is the Sal (Sarai) found in Bastar division. Sal- The State Tree of Chhattisgarh; CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

In the north lies the edge of the great Indo-Gangetic plain. The Rihand River, a tributary of the Ganges, drains this area. The eastern end of the Satpura Range and the western edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau form an east-west belt of hills that divide the Mahanadi River basin from the Indo-Gangetic plain. The outline of Chhattisgarh is like a sea horse. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The central part of the state lies in the fertile upper basin of the Mahanadi River and its tributaries. This area has extensive rice cultivation. The upper Mahanadi basin is separated from the upper Narmada basin to the west by the Maikal Hills (part of the Satpuras) and from the plains of Odisha to the east by ranges of hills. The southern part of the state lies on the Deccan plateau, in the watershed of the Godavari River and its tributary, the Indravati River. The Mahanadi is the chief river of the state. The other main rivers are Hasdo (a tributary of Mahanadi), Rihand, Indravati, Jonk, Arpa and Shivnath. It is situated in the east of Madhya Pradesh. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The natural environment of Koriya in Chhattisgarh includes forests, mountains, rivers and waterfalls.[citation needed] Koriya was a princely state during the British rule in India. Koriya is also known for its mineral deposits. Coal is also found in this part of the country. The dense forests are rich in wildlife. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The Amrit Dhara Waterfall, Koriya’s main attraction, is a natural waterfall which originates from the Hasdeo River. The fall is situated seven kilometres from Koriya on the Manendragarh-Baikunthpur road. The Amrit Dhara Waterfall falls from a height of 27 m, and it is approximately 3–4.5 m wide. Chirimiri is one of the more popular places, known for its natural environment and climate, in Chhattisgarh. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The climate of Chhattisgarh is tropical. It is hot and humid because of its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer and its dependence on the monsoons for rains. Summer temperatures in Chhattisgarh can reach upto 49 °C (113 °F). The monsoon season is from late June to October and is a welcome respite from the heat. Chhattisgarh receives an average of 1,292 millimetres (50.9 in) of rain. Winter is from November to January. Winters are pleasant with low temperatures and less humidity. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

In ancient times, this region was known as Dakshina Kosala. This area also finds mention in Ramayana and Mahabharata. One of the earliest statues of Vishnu has been excavated from Shunga period site at Malhar. Between the sixth and twelfth centuries, Sharabhpurias, Panduvanshis (of Mekala and Dakshina Kosala), Somavanshi, Kalachuri and Nagavanshi rulers dominated this region. The Bastar region of Chhattisgarh was invaded by Rajendra Chola I and Kulottunga Chola I of the Chola dynasty in the 11th century. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Name Area
Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park 1440.71 Km2
Indravati National Park 1258.37 Km2
Kanger Ghati National Park 200 Km2

Chhattisgarh has a heritage of robust culture. The state is the storehouse of Performing arts, Literature and crafts. The culture of Chhattisgarh includes various types of traditional Dances, Music, cuisines, traditional dress etc. which includes a lot in general knowledge of Chhattisgarh. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

S.No Description Summary
1. Folk Dance Panthi Rawat Nacha Pandwani Chaitra Kaksar Saila Khamb-swang Bhatra Naat Rabhas Raai Mao-Pata Sow
2. Music Pandavani
3. Major Festival Bastar Dussehra Bastar Lokotsav Madai Festival Bhoramdeo Festival Goncha Festival Teeja Festival Champaran Mela Narayanpur Mela Pola Hareli First fruit Festival
4. Cuisine (Famous Food) Aamat Bafauri Bhajia Chousela Dubkikadhi Farra Khurmi Moong Bara Thethari Muthia
5. Traditional Dress Men: Dhotis and Headgears Women: Lugda (Knee length and full length) Polkha (Blouse)

The present state of Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 2000. The demand for a separate state was first raised in the 1920s. Similar demands kept cropping up at regular intervals; however, a well-organised movement was never launched. Several all-party platforms were formed and they usually resolved around petitions, public meetings, seminars, rallies and strikes. A demand for separate Chhattisgarh was raised in 1924 by the Raipur Congress unit and also discussed in the Annual Session of the Indian Congress at Tripuri. A discussion also took place of forming a Regional Congress organisation for Chhattisgarh. When the State Reorganisation Commission was set up in 1954, the demand for a separate Chhattisgarh was put forward but was not accepted. In 1955, a demand for a separate state was raised in the Nagpur assembly of the then state of Madhya Bharat. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The 1990s saw more activity for a demand for the new state, such as the formation of a statewide political forum, especially the Chhattisgarh Rajya Nirman Manch. Chandu lal Chadrakar led this forum, several successful region-wide strikes and rallies were organised under the banner of the forum, all of which were supported by major political parties, including the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The new National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government sent the redrafted Separate Chhattisgarh Bill for the approval of the Madhya Pradesh Assembly, where it was once again unanimously approved and then it was tabled in the Lok Sabha. This bill for a separate Chhattisgarh was passed in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, paving the way for the creation of a separate state of Chhattisgarh. The President of India gave his consent to the Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2000 on 25 August 2000. The government of India subsequently set 1 November 2000, as the day the state of Madhya Pradesh would be divided into Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Divisions of Chhattisgarh

Bastar Durg Raipur Bilaspur Surguja
Bastar (Jagdalpur) Bijapur Sukma Dantewada (Dakshin Bastar) Kondagaon Narayanpur Kanker (Uttar Bastar) Kawardha (Kabir dham) Rajnandgaon Balod Durg Bemetara Dhamtari Gariyaband Raipur Baloda Bazar Mahasamund Bilaspur Mungeli Korba Janjgir-Champa Raigarh Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi w.e.f. 10th February, 2020 Koriya Surajpur Surguja (Ambikapur) Balrampur-Ramanujganj Jashpur

Chhattisgarh is rich in minerals. It produces 20% of the country’s total cement production. It has the highest output of coal in the country with second-highest reserves. It is third in iron ore production and first in tin production. Limestone, dolomite and bauxite are abundant. It is the only tin ore-producing state in India. Other commercially extracted minerals include corundum, garnet, quartz, marble, alexandrite and diamonds. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The state hosts many religious sects such as Satnami Panth, Kabirpanth, Ramnami Samaj and others. Champaran (Chhattisgarh) is a small town with religious significance as the birthplace of the Saint Vallabhacharya, increasingly important as a pilgrimage site for the Gujarati community. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Chhattisgarh has a significant role in the life of the Lord Rama. Lord Rama along with his wife Sita and his younger brother Lakshaman had started his Vanvas in the Bastar region (more precisely Dandakaranya region) of Chhattisgarh. They lived more than 10 of their 14 years of Vanvas in different places of Chhattisgarh. One of the remarkable places is Shivrinarayan which is nearby Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh. Shivrinarayan was named after an old lady Shabari. When Ram visited Shabari she said “I do not have anything to offer other than my heart, but here are some berry fruits. May it please you, my Lord.” Saying so, Shabari offered the fruits she had meticulously collected to Rama. When Rama was tasting them, Lakshmana raised the concern that Shabari had already tasted them and therefore unworthy of eating. To this Rama said that of the many types of food he had tasted, “nothing could equal these berry fruits, offered with such devotion. You taste them, and then alone will you know. Whosoever offers a fruit, leaf, flower or some water with love, I partake it with great joy.” CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The Odia culture is prominent in the eastern parts of Chhattisgarh bordering Odisha. Chhattisgarh is a storehouse of literature, performing arts and crafts—all of which derives its substance and sustenance from the day-to-day life experiences of its people. Religion, mythology, social and political events, nature and folklore are favourite motifs. Traditional crafts include painting, woodcarving, bell metal craft, bamboo ware, and tribal jewellery. Chhattisgarh has a rich literary heritage with roots that lie deep in the sociological and historical movements of the region. Its literature reflects the regional consciousness and the evolution of an identity distinct from others in Central India. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Panthi, Raut Nacha, Pandwani, Chaitra, Kaksar, Saila, Khamb-swang, Bhatra Naat, Rabhas, Raai, Mao-Pata and Sow are the several indigenous dance styles of Chhattisgarh. Panthi, the folk dance of the Satnami community, has religious overtones. Panthi is performed on Maghi Purnima, tabla the anniversary of the birth of Guru Ghasidas. The dancers dance around a jaitkhamb set up for the occasion, to songs eulogising their spiritual head. The songs reflect a view of nirvana, conveying the spirit of their guru’s renunciation and the teachings of saint poets like Kabir, Ramdas and Dadu. Dancers with bent torsos and swinging arms dance, carried away by their devotion, As the rhythm quickens, they perform acrobatics and form human pyramids. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Chhattisgarh is a storehouse of literature, performing arts and crafts—all of which derives its substance and sustenance from the day-to-day life experiences of its people. Religion, mythology, social and political events, nature and folklore are favourite motifs. Traditional crafts include painting, woodcarving, bell metal craft, bamboo ware, and tribal jewellery. Chhattisgarh has a rich literary heritage with roots that lie deep in the sociological and historical movements of the region. Its literature reflects the regional consciousness and the evolution of an identity distinct from others in Central India. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 1 November 2000
2. Capital Formation 1 November 2000, Raipur
3. Largest city Raipur
4. Also Known as Rice bowl of India
  5. Ruled By Sharabhpurias Kalachuri Nagavanshi Maratha rule (Bhonsales of Nagpur)
        6.        Major Historical Events 10th century- The region was ruled by Rajput family Haihaya dynasty. 1741- Marathas attacked in Chhattisgarh and destroyed the Haihaya power 1818- Chhattisgarh came under British control for the first time 1-11-2000 – Chhattisgarh became a separate state

 Chhattisgarh is the 10th largest state in India. Chhattisgarh covers an area of 1, 35,192 square kilometres with a total population over 2.55 Crores. The average temperature of Chhattisgarh is 40°C in summers and 25°C in winters. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 135,192 km²
2. Population 2.55 crores
3. The rank of the state Area Rank:-10th Population Rank:- 17th
4. Population Density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
5. State Bounded By Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand  (North) Odisha (East) Andhra Pradesh (South) Maharastra and Madhya Pradesh (West)
6. Soil Red–Yellow Soil Red Sandy Loam soil Black soil Laterite Soil
7. Minerals Bauxite Dolomite Iron Ore Limestone Garnet Tin
8. Major Crops Grain Wheat Corn Peanut Legume Hazelnut
9. Forest Area 59,772 km²
10. Climate Tropical Monsoon Climate
11. Rivers Arpa Jonk Godavari Gopad Kanhar Savari Sankh Shivnath Mahanadi
12. Major Dam Name: Minimata (Hasdeo) Bango
River: Hasdeo
13. Major Flora Bamboo Coconut Mangoes Cashew Jackfruit Pineapples Blackberries
14. Major Fauna Blue bull Wild boar Chinkara Blackbuck Sambhar Barking Deer Wild dog Wild boar Jackals hyena Crocodiles Tigers
City Name
Korba Power hub of India
Jagdalpur The tourism capital of Chhattisgarh
Bhilai Steel City of India
Kanker Gateway of Bastar
S.No. Name of Wildlife Sanctuary Year of Notification Total Area(km²)
1. Achanakmar  Wildlife Sanctuary 1975 551.55
2. Badalkhol  Wildlife Sanctuary 1975 104.45
3. Barnawapara  Wildlife Sanctuary 1976 244.66
4. Bhairamgarh  Wildlife Sanctuary 1983 138.95
5. Bhoramdev  Wildlife Sanctuary 2001 163.8
6. Sarangarh-Gomardha  Wildlife Sanctuary 1975 277.82
7. Pamed Wild Buffalo  Wildlife Sanctuary 1985 262.12
8. Semarsot  Wildlife Sanctuary 1978 430.36
9. Sitanadi  Wildlife Sanctuary 1974 553.36
10. Tamor Pingla  Wildlife Sanctuary 1978 608.53
11. Udanti Wild Buffalo  Wildlife Sanctuary 1985 247.59

Geographical features

Coordinates: 21.27°N 81.60°E

Established: 01 November 2000

Capital: Raipur

Largest city: Raipur

Districts: 27 (9 dist. new)

Official languages: Chhattisgarhi and Hindi

Major Rivers of Chhattisgarh:

Name of the river:  Kanhar River

Passes through: Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Rihand River

Passes through: Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh 

Name of the river: Sankh River

Passes through:  Chattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand

Name of the river: Tandula River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Sondur River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Shivnath River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Sabari River

Passes through: Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Rihand River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Mand River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh, Orissa

Name of the river: Indravati River

Passes through: Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh

Major Waterfalls

Name of the waterfall: Chitrakoot Falls

Location: Jagdalpur, India

Total height: 29 metres

 Watercourse: Indravati River

Name of the waterfall: Tirthgarh Falls

Total height: 91 metres

Watercourse: Kanger River

The history of Chhattisgarh, which was called as South Kosala goes back to the 4th century AD. The mythological history of the state can be traced back to the days of Mahabharata and the Ramayana. The Haihaya dynasty ruled Chhattisgarh for six centuries during the 14th century. During the middle ages, Chalukya dynasty established its rule in Bastar. Annmdev was the first Chalukya ruler, who founded the dynasty in Bastar in 1320. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

In 1741, the kingdom was seized by the Marathas from the Haihaya dynasty. After conquering the kingdom during 1745 AD, Raghunathsinghji, the last descendant of the Ratanpur house was forced to leave the area. So finally in the year 1758, Chhattisgarh was conquered by Marathas and Bimbaji Bhonsle was appointed as the ruler. After the demise of Bimbaji Bhonsle, suba system was followed by the Marathas. It was an era of unrest and misrule. Maratha army was involved in large-scale loot and ransack. The Maratha officials compromised the interests of the region to the British. The atrocities of the Maratha rule were opposed by the Gonds. The kingdom was attacked by the Pindaris during the early Nineteenth Century. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

In the year 1818, Chhattisgarh came under the British rule. After Nagpur was included under the rule of the British government in 1854, Chhattisgarh was created into a deputy commissionership. Its headquarters were located at Raipur. The British government brought about certain reforms in the administrative and revenue systems. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The tribals of Bastar strongly stood firmly against the British, which resulted in the Halba rebellion, which continued for about five years from 1774-1779. Vir Narain Singh’s name is written in golden words in the history of Chhattisgarh, as he was the first martyr from this region in the struggle of independence. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Chhattisgarh is one of the states of India located in the central part of the country. The state is surrounded by Jharkhand state on northwest, Orissa on the east, Andhra Pradesh on the south, and Maharastra on the southwest. It has been formed from the state of Madhya Pradesh. The origin of the name of Chhattisgarh has an interesting and long story.

During the ancient period Chhattisgarh was called Dakshin Kosala. We can get an evidence of it in the inscriptions and literary works of the early writers. During the Mughal reign the region was called Ratanpur territory and not Chhattisgarh. The word Chhattisgarh gained popularity during the rule of the Marathas. It was used for the first time in 1795, in an official document……………………………

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