Clear UPSC IAS Prelims 2021 through 10000 Expected MCQs: Practice Solved Test 19

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Q1. Consider the following statements about Ryotwari System.

1. This system of land revenue was instituted by Lord William Bentinck, Governor of Madras in 1820.

2. This was practiced in the Madras and Bombay areas, as well as Assam and Coorg provinces.

3. The taxes were directly collected by the government from the peasants.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 3 only

(B) 2 and 3 only

(C) 3 only

(D) All the above.

Q2. Which the following took place under the governor-generalship of Dalhousie?

1. Doctrine of Lapse

2. Charles Wood Dispatch

3. Second Anglo-Burmese War (1852)

4. Treaty of Lahore

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only

(B) 2, 3 and 4 only

(C) 1, 3 and 4 only

(D) All the above

Q3. Consider the following statements about Raja Rammohan Roy:

1. He established a Vedanta College where only Western social and physical science courses were offered.

2. Samvad Kaumudi was the most important journal brought out by him.

3. He took a keen interest in international events and always supported the cause of liberty and nationalism.

4. He argued that ancient Hindu texts, the Vedas and the Upanishads upheld the doctrine of polytheism.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(A) 2 and 3 only

(B) 1, 3 and 4 only

(C) 2, 3 and 4 only

(D) All the above

Q4.  Which of the following was the reason for the Kol Uprising of 1831?

(A) It was an uprising against the British for grabbing of Tribal lands.

(B) It was an uprising against the Marwari money lenders

(C) It was an uprising against the transfer of tribal lands to outsiders.

(D) None of the above

Q5.  Consider the following pairs.

      Movement                                        Area

1. Brahmo Samaj                   Eastern India

2. Paramhansa Mandalis       Western India

3. Self-respect Movement     Southern India

4. Ramkrishna Movement      Pan India

Which of the following pairs is/ are correctly matched?

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only

(B) 2, 3 and 4 only

(C) 1, 3 and 4 only

(D) All the above

Q6. Which of the following are limitations of Social Reform Movement?

1. Narrow Social Base

2. Movement did not reach rural India

3. Casteism remained strong

4. Social Harmony

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only

(B) 1, 3 and 4 only

(C) 1 and 4 only

(D) All the above

Q7. Consider the following statements about Samadhi Buddha Statue.

1.         It is the statue of sitting Buddha in dhyana position located inAmaravathi.

2.         The Buddha depicted in the position of the Dhyana Mudra, is the posture of meditation associated with his first Enlightenment.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Q8. Consider the following statements.

1.         Supreme Court has declared Right to decent environment including pollution free water as part of Article 21.

2.         Parliament may by law provide for the adjudication of any dispute with respect to the use, distribution and control of waters of any inter-state river and river valley.

3.         Development of inter-state rivers, water supplies, irrigation and canals come under the Union List.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1, 3

 (B) 2, 3

 (C) 1, 2

 (D) 1, 2, 3

 Q9. Consider the following statements about pro- tem speaker

1. Speaker of the previous Lok Sabha appoints the pro- tem speaker immediately before the first meeting of the newly elected house.

2. The office of the pro-tem speaker is in co-existence with the speaker of Lok Sabha.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Q10. Consider the following statements regarding Leader of the Opposition in either House of the Parliament of India.

1.         The position of Leader of the Opposition received statutory recognition through the Salary and Allowances of Leaders of Opposition in Parliament Act, 1977

2.         When no party in the Lok Sabha secures required seats to form an opposition party and to designate a Leader of opposition, the matter is then decided by the President of India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Q11. Consider the following statements about Election Commission of India

1.         The Election commission shall consist of the chief election commissioner and such number of other election commissioners as the parliament may from time to time fix.

2.         In case of difference of opinion amongst the chief election commissioner and other election commissioners the matter is referred to Supreme Court.

3.         The conditions of service and tenure of office of election commissioners shall be determined by the president.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 1, 2

 (C) 1, 3

 (D) 2, 3

Q12. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Preamble’ of the Indian Constitution

1. It has been amended only once since its inception.

2. It is not a part of the constitution.

3. Constitution derives its authority from the preamble.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 1, 3

 (C) 2, 3

 (D) 1, 2, 3

Q13. An ecological pyramid is a diagrammatic presentation to describe trophic levels. How does the knowledge of ecological pyramid can help us in conservation of an ecosystem?

1.         It helps us to identify bio-accumulation.

2.         It helps us to identify bio-magnification.

3.         It helps us to recognize an invasive species.

Select the correct answer code:

 (A) 1, 3

 (B) 1, 2

 (C) 2, 3

 (D) 1, 2, 3

Q14. The relationship between Water Buffalo and Cattle Egret is an example of

 (A) Commensalism

 (B) Parasitism

 (C) Mutualism

 (D) Amensalism

 Q15. Consider the following statements about the application of algae.

1.         Used to make Biodiesel and Bioethanol.

2.         It is a complete protein with essential amino acids.

3.         Used as fertilizers and soil conditioners.

4.         Used in Wastewater Treatment.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1, 2, 3

 (B) 2, 3, 4

 (C) 1, 2, 4

 (D) 1, 2, 3, 4

 Q16. Consider the following statements with reference to Asiatic Lion.

1. For the first time, the entire genome of Asiatic lion has been sequenced by scientists from CSIR-Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology.

2. At present the only home of Asiatic lion is Gir National Park and Wildlife Sanctuary with over 1000 animals present in the Gir forests.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Q17. Consider the following statements regarding Kelps

1.         Kelps are large brown algae seaweeds that can survive freezing temperatures and long periods of darkness, and even grow under sea ice.

2.         Kelp forests help protect coastlines by decreasing the power of waves during storms and reducing coastal erosion.

3.         It is an important source of potash and iodine.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1, 2

 (B) 2, 3

 (C) 1, 3

 (D) 1, 2, 3

Q18. Consider the following statements regarding Cyclones.

1. Cyclones are sustained by very strong low-pressure areas at their core.

2. Very few cyclones originate in the Arabian Sea, but they are relatively strong compared to those emerging in the Bay of Bengal.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Q19. Which of the following are not the tributaries of river Kaveri?

1.         Kabini

2.         Bhima

3.         Amravati

4.         Koyna

5.         Manjra

Select the correct code:

 (A) 1, 3

 (B) 1, 2, 3

 (C) 1, 4, 5

 (D) 2, 4, 5

Q20. Which one of the following factors is responsible for the change in the regular direction of the ocean currents in the Indian Ocean?

 (A) Indian Ocean is half an ocean

 (B) Indian Ocean has monsoon drift

 (C) Indian Ocean is a land-locked ocean

 (D) Indian Ocean has greater variation in salinity

 Q21. Consider the following statements.

1. International Date Line is an absolute straight line which passes through the Bering Strait.

2. International Date Line is one where date changes by exactly one day when it crossed.

Select the correct answer code:

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Q22. The countries bordering Kyrgyzstan are

1.         Kazakhstan

2.         China

3.         Afghanistan

4.         Uzbekistan

Select the correct code:

 (A) 1, 2, 3

 (B) 1, 2, 4

 (C) 2, 3, 4

 (D) 1, 2, 3, 4

 Q23. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Treasury Bills’

1.         T-bills are short term securities issued on behalf of the government by the RBI and are used in managing short term liquidity needs of the government.

2.         T-Bills are issued on discount to face value, while the holder gets the face value on maturity.

3.         T-Bills are issued by both Central government and State government in India.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1, 2

 (B) 2, 3

 (C) 1, 2, 3

 (D) 1, 3

 Q24. Consider the following statements about Reserve Bank of India.

1.         The bank was set up based on the recommendations of the Hilton–Young Commission.

2.         Performs merchant banking function for the central and the state governments; also acts as their banker.

3.         Manages the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999.

4.         Issues and exchanges or destroys currency and coins not fit for circulation.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1, 2, 3

 (B) 2, 3, 4

 (C) 1, 2, 4

 (D) 1, 2, 3, 4

Q25. Consider the following statements regarding Consumer Price Index (CPI).

1.         RBI uses CPI-combined as the sole inflation measure for the purpose of monetary policy.

2.         CPI inflation has decreased steadily in the last 5 years.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Q26. Reciprocal trade agreements (RTAs) include:

1.         Preferential arrangements

2.         Free trade agreements

3.         Customs unions

4.         Common markets

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(A) 1, 2, 3

 (B) 1, 2, 4

 (C) 2, 3, 4

 (D) 1, 2, 3, 4

 Q27. Which of the following are the factors in the determination of Minimum Support Prices (MSP).

1.         Cost of production (CoP)

2.         Price trend in the domestic and international markets

3.         Inter-crop price parity

Select the correct code:

 (A) 1, 2

 (B) 1, 3

 (C) 2, 3

 (D) 1, 2, 3

Q28. Paika Revolt is believed to be the first war of Independence by many historians.

Which of the following statements regarding the Paika Revolt are correct?

1. It was led by Bakshi Jagbandhu projecting Lord Jagannath as the symbol of Unity.

2. Paikas were the poor peasants of Odisha.

3. It was an armed rebellion targeted against the money lenders and Zamindars instead

of East India Company.

Select the code from following:

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 2

(D) All of the above

Q29. Vellore Mutiny is the first instance of a large scale sepoy mutiny against the British East India Company. Which of the following statements is/are NOT correct regarding the Mutiny?

1. It was instigated by the sons of Tipu Sultan.

2. The immediate cause of the mutiny was forced conversion of sepoys to Christianity.

3. It occurred in the year 1706.

Select the code from below:

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 3 only

(D) All of the above

Q30.  Consider the following statements regarding ‘Dharma Sabha’:

1. It was formed by Debendranath Tagore in Bengal.

2. It was formed to counter the reform movements led by reformers like Raja

Rammohun Roy and Derozio.

3. It was morphed into a society to defend the Hindu way of life or culture.

Which of the above statements are correct?

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 only

(D) All of the above

Q31. To protect the interest of British administration the British followed the policy of Ring Fence. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding this policy?

1. British army used to mark its territories with a barbed fence which made it difficult for an external army to attack.

2. British army defended the neighbour’s frontier to protect its own by making a buffer zone.

3. Policy of Subsidiary Alliance was developed as an extension of the policy of Ring Fence.

Select the code from following:

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3

(D) All of the above

Q32. Which of the following were annexed by the British by the policy of ‘Doctrine of Lapse’?

1. Nagpur

2. Jhansi

3. Udaipur

4. Awadh

Select the code from below:

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 1,2 and 3

(C) 4 only

(D) All of the above

Q33.  Consider the following statements:

1. India’s first major newspaper was ‘The Bombay Gazette’.

2. The first newspaper in India was started by James Augustus Hickey.

3. It was started in English and vernacular.

Which of the following statements are correct?

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 only

(C) 1 and 3

(D) All of the above

Q34. Which of the following statements regarding the Battle of Buxar are correct?

1. British defeated the combined armies of Mughal emperor Shah Alam II, Nawab of

Bengal Siraj ud Daulah and Nawab of Awadh Shuja ud Daulah.

2. British annexed the Awadh state and executed the Nawab.

3. British got the Diwani rights of Bengal after this battle.

Select the code from following:

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 3 only

(D) None of the above

Q35.  Consider the following statements with regard to Young Bengal group of students:

1. They posed an intellectual challenge to the religious and social orthodoxy of Hinduism.

2. They had complete faith in everything British and Western learning which alienated them from the masses.

3. They were influenced by Henry Vivian Derozio and were responsible for the establishment of the Society for Translating European Sciences.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 1 and 3 only

(C) 2 and 3 only

(D) All of the above

Q36.  Which among the following were the characteristics of early nineteenth century socio-religious reformers?

1. These reformers gained from western education but were not West-sponsored.

2. The reforms promoted by these reformers were not meant to structurally reorganize the whole society.

3. Issues dealt by these reformers were applicable and common to the higher classes of the Hindu society and had no meaning for the lower classes.

Choose appropriate answer:

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 1 and 3 only

(C) 2 and 3 only

(D) All of the above

Q37. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee’s work Anandmath, one of the most important novels in the history of Bengali and Indian literature, was set in the background of

(A) Ramosi Uprising

(B) Sannyasi-Faqir Rebellion

(C) Santhal Rebellion

(D) Sawantwadi Revolt

Q38.  Which one of the following pairs is not correctly matched?

(A) Subsidiary system : :                     Lord Wellesley

(B) Mahalvari settlement in Northern India : :         Holt Mackenzie

(C) Local Self Government : : Lord Cornwallis

(D) Ryotwari settlement : :     Thomas Munro

Q39.  Consider the below statements with regard to Narayan Malhar Jhoshi:

1. He founded Servants of India Society.

2. He was a follower of Gopal Krishna Gokhale.

3. He started taking interest in labour problems and started a number of welfare centres, night schools, medical centres and industrial classes in labour areas.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 3 only

(B) 2 and 3 only

(C) 1 and 2 only

(D) 1, 2 and 3

Q40. Consider the following statements regarding the “Self-Respect Movement”:

1. It was founded by E.V. Ramaswamy against Brahmanism in Kerala.

2. It aimed to achieve a society where backward classes have equal rights.

3. The movement promoted inter-caste marriages which were not officiated by a Brahmin Priest.

Which of the above statements are correct?

(A) 2 and 3 only

(B) 1 and 2 only

(C) 1 only

(D) None of the above

Q41.  Consider the following statements about Permanent Settlement.

1. It was introduced in Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa.

2. It was introduced by John Shore.

3. It declared Zamindars as the owners of the land.

4. The Zamindars were not free to fix the rents.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(A) 1 and 4 only

(B) 2 and 3 only

(C) 1 and 3 only

(D) 1, 2 and 3 only

Q42. Consider the following.

1. Col. Baird Committee

2. George Campbell Commission

3. Richard Strachey Commission

4. Anthony McDonald Committee

Which of the above are famine commission/committees?

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only

(B) 2, 3 and 4 only

(C) 1, 3 and 4 only

(D) All the above

Q43.  Which of the following pairs is matched correctly?

1. Mayo’s resolution on financial decentralization : 1870

2. The Royal Commission on Decentralization : 1905

3. Vernacular Press Act : 1878

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 2 and 3 only

(C) 1 and 3 only

(D) None of the above

Q44. which of the following are the significance of the revolt of 1857?

1. Bringing the Indian people together and imparting to them the consciousness of belonging to one country.

2. The events of 1857 demonstrated that the people and politics of India were basically communal before 1858.

3. Concept of common nationality and nationhood was not inherent to the revolt of 1857.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 3 only

(B) 2 only

(C) 2 and 3 only

(D) All the above

Q45. Which of the following were the causes of ‘tribal movements’?

1. Imposition of Land Revenue Settlement

2. Work of Christian Missionaries

3. Introduction of the notion of private property

4. Indian Forest Act in 1878

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(A) 1, 2 and 4 only

(B) 1, 2 and 3 only

(C) 1 and 3 only

(D) All the above

Q46.  Consider the following pairs.

  Type Name of uprising

1. Political-religious Movements Santhal Rebellion

2. Tribal Movements Kuka Movement

3. Movement by deposed rulers and Zamindars Polygar Rebellions

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 2 and 3 only

(C) 3 only

(D) All the above

Q47.  Consider the following statements about Indian Council Act of 1892.

1. Local Councils were to be setup for Punjab, North West and Awadh.

2. For the first time, representative element was introduced through direct election.

3. Member of council could discuss budget but were not allowed to vote and could ask question on public interest with some restrictions.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 1 and 3 only

(C) 2 and 3 only

(D) All the above

Q48. Which of the following leaders of the revolt of 1857 are correctly matched?

1. Mangal Panday Barrakpore

2. Zeenat Mahal Lucknow

3. Tatya Tope Kanpur

Select the code from following:

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3

(D) All of the above

Q49.  Which of the following changes were made in the British Indian army after the revolt of 1857?

1. The crucial branches of artillery, tanks and armored corps were put exclusively in European hands.

2. Indians were given higher posts to increase their trust on the British Government.

3. The proportion of Europeans to the Indians in the army was increased.

4. Army regiments were made according to caste.

Select the code from below:

(A) 1,2 and 3

(B) 3 and 4

(C) 1,3 and 4

(D) All of the above

Q50.  Consider the following statements regarding the office of Viceroy of India:

1. After the Act of 1858, the office of Governor General was abolished and replaced by the office of Viceroy.

2. The First Viceroy of India was Lord Dalhousie

Which of the above statements are NOT correct?

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 only

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

Q51. Consider the following statements regarding ‘Swadeshi movement’ of 1905:

1. It was the first Gandhian Movement.

2. It was triggered because of the partition of Bengal.

3. There was large scale participation of peasants in picketing foreign.

Which of the above statements are incorrect?

(A) 1 only

(B) 1 and 3

(C) 2 only

(D) 2 and 3

 Answer: – B

Q52.  Consider the following statements regarding Illbert Bill:

1. The Bill was introduced by Lord Rippon.

2. It was widely opposed by the Indians as it was increasing the racial discrimination in Indian Judiciary.

3. Finally it was passed in 1884 as the Criminal Procedure Code Amendment Act.

Which of the above statements are correct?

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3

(D) All of the above

Q53.  The first Population census of India was held in:

(A) 1872

(B) 1881

(C) 1891

(D) 1901

Q54. Pabna revolt was a peasant revolt in Bengal which is considered to be different from other contemporary revolts. Which of the following statements regarding the revolt are correct?

1. The Pabna rebellion was well organized in comparison to other peasant rebellions

2. The Peasants took legal course of action against the British Government

3. The movement was totally non-violent

4. It was directed against Indigo planters

Select the code from below:

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 3 and 4

(C) 1, 3 and 4

(D) 1,2 and 4

Q55. Which among the below statements is/are true with respect to Viceroy Lord Ripon?

1. He repealed the Vernacular Press Act of 1878, commenced industrial legislation by passing the first Factories Act.

2. He granted the Indians first taste of freedom by introducing the Local Self Government in 1882.

3. He was sent to India as Viceroy by British Prime Minister William Gladstone.

Choose appropriate answer:

(A) 2 only

(B) 1 and 2 only

(C) 2 and 3 only

(D) 1, 2 and 3

Q56.  Which of the following are the ones associated with Dadabhai Naoroji?

1. Gyan Prasarak Mandali

2. Poverty and un-British Rule in India

3. Bombay Gazette

4. Bombay Association

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 1, 2 and 4

(C) 1, 2 and 3

(D) 2 and 3

Q57.  Consider the below statements:

1. Mahatma Gandhi gave the famous slogan “Satyameva Jayate”

2. Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar founded Arya Mahila Samaj in Pune, which is Sanskrit for “Noble Women’s Society.”

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 only

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

Q58.  Who among the following was the first foreigner to become the president of INC?

(A) A O Hume

(B) Annie Besant

(C) George Yule

(D) Henry Cotton

Q59.  The impact of the British rule on the Indian economy was disastrous. In this regard, which of the following were the factors that resulted in stagnation of Indian economy in the 19th century?

1. The ever mounting ‘Home charges’

2. Foreign trade

3. The denial of high posts to Indians

4. The extravagant civil and military administration

5. The continuous drain of wealth from India

Select the correct answer from the code given below:

(A) 2, 3 and 4 only

(B) 1, 3, 4 and 5 only

(C) 1, 4 and 5 only

(D) All are correct

Q60. Consider the following statements regarding Ekambaranathar temple.

1.         It is a Hindu temple dedicated to the deity Vishnu.

2.         It is located in the town of Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu.

3.         The temple architecture is of Dravidian style.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1, 2

 (B) 1, 3

 (C) 2, 3

 (D) 1, 2, 3

Answer: (C)

Q61. Diwan-i-Khas in Red Fort is a

 (A) Hall of Private Audiences

 (B) A garden

 (C) Palace of Colour

 (D) Pearl Mosque

 Q62. Sattriya is a classical dance form of India. What does the “Sattras” mean in its context?

 (A) Sutras of dance

 (B) Spiritual Ragas

 (C) Vaishnava maths or monasteries

 (D) Seven ways of divine movement

Q63. With reference to the history of philosophical thought in India, consider the following statements regarding Vaisheshika School

1.         It believes in the physicality of the Universe and is considered to be the realistic and objective philosophy that governs the universe.

2.         It developed the atomic theory, i.e. all material objects are made of atoms.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Correct

 Q64. With reference to Bhakti saints, consider the following statements:

Saint Kabir is famous for his dohas (couplets)

Surdas wrote Ramacharithamanas, one of the most revered Hindu texts.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Answer:-A

 Q65. In the Gupta empire, Paramabhattaraka was a

(A) Council of Peace and conflict

 (B) Minister for foreign affairs

 (C) In charge of granaries

 (D) Title adopted by Gupta Kings

Answer:-(D)

 Q66. Chola inscriptions mention several categories of land. Among them vellanvagai was a land

 (A) given for the maintenance of a school

 (B) donated to Jaina institutions

 (C) belonging to non-Brahmana peasant proprietors

 (D) left for fallow cultivation

 Q67.Consider the following statements regarding Madam Bhikaji Cama

1. She co-founded the Paris Indian Society.

2. She unfurled the National Flag at the International Socialist Conference in Stuttgart in 1907.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

 Q68. Consider the following pairs

    Journals/Newspaper                                     Founder

1. Bengal Gazette :                                         James Augustus Hicky

2. Mirat-ul-Akbar :                                        Raja Ram Mohan Roy

3. Amrita Bazar Patrika :                              Devendra Nath Tagore

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 3 only

 (B) 1, 2

 (C) 1 only

 (D) 2 only

 Q69. Who among the following foreigners served as the presidents of Congress sessions?

1.         A O Hume

2.         Henry Cotton

3.         Annie Besant

Select the correct answer code:

 (A) 3 only

 (B) 1, 2

 (C) 1, 3

 (D) 2, 3

 Q70. Consider the following statements about pro- tem speaker.

1.         Article 180 (1) of the Constitution gives the Governor the power to appoint a pro-tem Speaker.

2.         Powers of the Speaker pro-tem are not co-extensive with the powers of elected Speaker.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Q71. Consider the following pairs about Mughal administration:

Officer                         Function

1. Wazir                       Looked after revenue and finance.

2. Mir Bakshi   Record and requirement of the state karkhanas, stores, order, interactions and internal relations.

3. Khan-i-Saman        Military pay and accounts and related duties.

4. Sadr                                     The head of religious donations and contributions.

Which of the above pairs is/are correctly matched?

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only

(B) 1 and 4 only

(C) 2 and 4 only

(D) All the above.

Q72.  Which of the below given statements is true during the tenure of Lord Lytton, Viceroy of India from 1876-1880?

1. The maximum age limit of the I.C.S examination was reduced from 21 years to 18 years.

2. Grand Delhi Darbar was organized.

3. Vernacular Press act and Arms act were passed.

4. Third Anglo-Afghan war was fought.

Select the correct answer from the code given below:

(A) 2 and 3 only

(B) 1, 2 and 3 only

(C) 2, 3 and 4 only

(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q73.  Which among the following were the causes for the failure of revolt, 1857?

1. Modern educated Indians viewed this revolt as forward looking and hoped that British would usher an era of modernization.

2. The rebels represented diverse elements with common grievances and concepts of current polities.

3. The eastern, southern and western parts of India remained more or less unaffected.

4. The lack of unity among Indians was unavoidable at this stage of Indian history.

Choose the correct answer from the code given below:

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 1, 2 and 4 only

(C) 1, 3 and 4 only

(D) 1, 2, 3 and 4

Q74.  By the dawn of the twentieth century, Militant School of Thought, a band of nationalist thinkers had emerged who advocated a more militant approach to political work. Consider the following characteristics:

1. Hatred for foreign rule.

2. Swaraj to be the goal of national movement.

3. They didn’t believe in capacity of the masses to challenge the authority.

4. Personal sacrifices required and a true nationalist to be always ready for it.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only

(B) 2, 3 and 4 only

(C) 1, 2 and 4 only

(D) All the above

Q75.  Consider the following statements about the Morley-Minto Reforms of 1909 (Government of India Act of 1909):

1. Separate electorates for the Muslims, representation in excess of the strength of their population

2. Powers of legislatures both at the center and in provinces were enlarged

3. One Indian was to be appointed to the viceroy’s executive council.

4. The legislatures could now pass resolutions, ask questions & supplementary, vote the budget as a whole.

Select the correct answer using the codes given below:

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only

(B) 2, 3 and 4 only

(C) 1, 2 and 4 only

(D) All the above

Q76. Which of the following newspapers and journals were associated with the revolutionary terrorism?

1. Sandhya

2. Yugantar

3. Kal

4. Young India

Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only

(B) 2, 3 and 4 only

(C) 1, 2 and 4 only

(D) All the above

Q77.  The nationalist response to British participation in the World War-I was three-fold. Consider the following statements with regard to it:

1. The Moderates supported the empire in the War as a matter of duty.

2. The revolutionaries supported the war efforts in the mistaken belief that Britain would repay India’s loyalty with gratitude in the form of self-government.

3. The extremists decided to utilize the opportunity to wage a war and liberate the country.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

(A) 1, 2 and 3

(B) 2 and 3 only

(C) 1 only

(D) None

Q78.  Which of the following statements are true about the Lucknow congress session 1916?

1. It was presided over by the Ambica Charan Majumdar

2. Readmitted the moderates led by Tilak to the Congress fold.

3. The Congress did not accept the Muslim League’s position on separate electorates.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

(A) 1, 2 and 3 only

(B) 2 and 3 only

(C) 1 only

(D) None

Q79.  Consider the following statements about Champaran Satyagraha:

1. Champaran Satyagraha (1917)—First Civil Disobedience.

2. Champaran Satyagraha was against tinkathia system.

3. Gandhi was arrested during this protest.

Which of the statements is/are correct?

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 2 and 3 only

(C) 2 only

(D) All the above

Q80.  Consider the following statements about the December 1920, Nagpur session of the Indian National Congress:

1. The programme of non-cooperation was endorsed.

2. Attainment of self-government through constitutional means as its goal.

3. Provincial congress committees on linguistic basis were organized.

Which of the statements is/are INCORRECT?

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 1 and 3 only

(C) 2 only

(D) All the above

Q81.  Which of the following statements are correct regarding the Delhi Durbar of 1911?

1. It was held to commemorate the coronation of Queen Victoria.

2. Delhi was declared as the new capital of India.

3. The partition of Bengal was annulled and Bihar, Orrisa and Assam provinces were formed.

4. Congress supported the Durbar.

Select the code from following:

(A) 1,2 and 3

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 2,3 and 4

(D) All of the above

Q82. Hindustan Republican Association (HR(A) was a revolutionary organization of India.

Which of the following statements are correct regarding HRA?

1. It was established as an offshoot of Anushilan Samiti.

2. It was established by Bhagat Singh and Chandra Shekhar Azad.

3. The objective was to establish a Federated Republic of the United States of India.

Select the code from below:

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3

(D) All of the above

Q83. Consider the following statements about Fundamental Rights.

1. They promote the idea of social and economic democracy.

2. They are sacrosanct and permanent.

3. Most of them are directly enforceable while a few are enforced by a law made by the parliament and state legislatures.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 1, 2

 (C) 2, 3

 (D) 1, 2, 3

Q84. The Constitution confers which of the following rights and privileges on the citizens of India, and denies the same to aliens?

1.         Cultural and educational rights

2.         Right to freedom of speech and expression

3.         Right against exploitation

4.         Right to equality of opportunity

Choose the correct answer codes:

 (A)1, 2

 (B) 2, 3

 (C) 3, 4

 (D) 1, 2, 4

 Q85. With reference to Finance Commission of India, consider the following statements:

1.         Finance commission is a quasi-judicial body.

2.         The Constitution authorizes the Parliament to determine the qualifications of members of the commission and the manner in which they should be selected.

3.         The Fifteenth Finance Commission of India was constituted in 2017 and is to give recommendations for devolution of taxes and other fiscal matters for five fiscal years, commencing 1 April 2020.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 2 only

 (B) 1, 2

 (C) 3 only

 (D) 1, 2, 3

Q86. This of the following is/are the functions of National Human Rights Commission (NHRC?)

1. To intervene in any proceeding involving allegation of violation of human rights pending before a court.

2. To undertake and promote research in the field of human rights.

3. To inquire into any violation of human rights or negligence in the prevention of such violation by a public servant, however, only on a petition presented to it or on an order of a court but not Suo motu.

4. To visit jails and detention places to study the living conditions of inmates and make recommendation thereon.

Select the correct answer codes:

 (A) 1, 2, 3

 (B) 1, 3, 4

 (C) 1, 2, 4

 (D) 1, 2, 3, 4

Q87. What is/are the benefits received by the political parties recognized as National and/or State party by the Election Commission of India?

1.         Allocation of party symbols.

2.         Access to electoral rolls.

3.         Provision of time for political broadcasts on the state-owned television and radio stations.

Select the correct answer codes:

 (A) 2 only

 (B) 3 only

 (C) 1, 3

 (D) 1, 2, 3

 Q88. According to later vedic period, Rajasuya refer to

 (A) Sole Ruler

 (B) Lord of all earth

 (C) Consecration ceremony

 (D) Head of the Kingdom

 Q89. Consider the following statements regarding Rig Vedic Aryans.

1. There are no evidences of the use of Iron by Rig Vedic Aryans.

2. Trade was conducted on barter system.

3. Copper coins called nishka were used as media of exchange in large transactions.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2, 3

 (C) 1, 2

 (D) 1, 3

Q90. Consider the following statements regarding early Vedic period.

1.         Only male gods like Prithvi, Agni, Vayu, Varuna, and Indra were worshipped.

2.         There were no temples and no idol worship during the early Vedic period.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

 Q91. Consider the following statements

1. In the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, the combined forces of the British East India Company and the Nizam of Hyderabad defeated Tipu Sultan.

2. After Tipu Sultan was killed in the Battle of Seringapatam, Mysore was placed under Wodeyars – the former ruling dynasty.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Q92. Consider the following statements.

1.         The Permanent Settlement system was introduced by the British to encourage investment in agriculture.

2.         The British expected the Permanent Settlement system would help the emergence of a class of yeomen farmers who would be loyal to the Company

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 (A) 1 only

 (B) 2 Only

 (C) Both

 (D) None

Q93. Which of the following statements are correct regarding Kakori Conspiracy?

1. It is the name given to train robbery at Kakori by HRA

2. The objective of the robbery was to collect money and distribute it to poor farmers dying in famine.

3. Only British money was looted while nothing was taken from Indian passenger.

Select the code from following:

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3

(D) All of the above

Q94. Consider the following statements regarding Meerut Conspiracy Case:

1. The British Government convicted 33 leftist trade union leaders under a false lawsuit.

2. Meerut Conspiracy case trial helped the Communist Party of India to consolidate its position among workers.

3. Main accused Shaukat Usmani, Muzaffar Ahmad and Dange were give death sentence.

Which of the above statements are correct?

(A) 1 and 2

(B) 2 and 3

(C) 1 and 3

(D) None of the above

Q95. Which of the following statements is/are correct regarding the book ‘Poverty and Un – British rule of India’?

1. The theory of drain of wealth was discussed in this book for the first time.

2. It was written by R C Dutt.

Select the code from below:

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 only

(C) Both 1 and 2

(D) Neither 1 nor 2

Q96. Which of the following were the recommendations of Nehru report of 1928?

1. India should be made a secular state with no state religion.

2. Separate electorate to Muslims should be given only in provinces where Muslims are in minority.

3. Universal Adult suffrage should be given.

4. It gave nineteen fundamental rights.

Select the code from below:

(A) 1,2 and 3

(B) 2,3 and 4

(C) 1,3 and 4

(D) All of the above

Q97. Which of the following statements are correct regarding the Indian Factories Act 1881?

1. Employment of children below 7 years was prohibited.

2. Working hours of children in the age group of 7 – 12 years were reduced to 9 hours per day.

3. Four holidays per month and mid day meal interval was to be given.

4. Women employment at night was prohibited and working hours were restricted to

11 hours per day.

Select the code from following:

(A) 1,2 and 3

(B) 1 and 4

(C) 4 only

(D) All of the above

Q98.  Consider the below statements:

1. During our freedom struggles, Swadeshi and Boycott Movement started immediately after the partition of Bengal.

2. Second World War coincided with the formation of Indian National Army.

3. The Civil Disobedience Movement started with demonstrations against the arrival of Simon Commission in India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only

(B) 1 and 2 only

(C) 2 and 3 only

(D) 1, 2 and 3

Q99. Which among the following statements were associated with Aligarh Movement?

1. It was the foremost movement for social reforms among the Indian Muslims

2. The aim of the movement was to organize the Muslim peasants against Hindu landlords and British indigo planters

3. All-India Muslim League was the outcome of this movement

4. The movement offered a serious threat to the British supremacy in India

Choose the appropriate answer

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 1 and 3 only

(C) 1, 2 and 4 only

(D) All the above

Q100.  In which of the following both the Gandhiites and the Revolutionaries made a joint effort to shake off British rule?

(A) Non cooperation movement

(B) Civil Disobedience movement

(C) Quit India movement

(D) None of the above

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