Current Affairs Question Bank: 18/10/2020

Current Affairs Question Bank: 18/10/2020: The Current Affairs questions are based on sources like ‘The Hindu’, ‘Indian Express’ and ‘PIB’, which are very important sources for UPSC Prelims Exam.


Current Affairs Question Bank: 18/10/2020


Question- 1:  Consider the following statements with respect to The Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States (STARS) project:

  1. It is aided by World Bank.
  2. It is under the Department of School Education and Literacy.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 only

 b) 2 only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Question 2: Consider the following Statements:

  1. ‘Prevalence of Endoparasites Infections in Free-Ranging Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros’ report is released by Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change
  2. Greater one-horned rhino is listed under the Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 only

 b) 2 only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Question 3: Recently Madhuca diplostemon was in news it is related to which of the following?

 a) Species of endangered tree

 b) Newly found frog species

 c) Species of fish which is declared as extinct

 d) None of the above

Question 4: Consider the following statements:

  1. United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
  2. India is a signatory of Sendai Framework

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 only

 b) 2 only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Question 5: Consider the following statements:

  1. GST was introduced through the 100th Constitution Amendment Act, 2016.
  2. Alcohol and Petrol was not brought under the purview of GST regime

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

 a) 1 only

 b) 2 only

 c) Both 1 and 2

 d) Neither 1 nor 2

Answer with explaination

Question 1:

Solution (c)

The Strengthening Teaching-Learning and Results for States (STARS) project would be implemented as a new Centrally Sponsored Scheme under the Department of School Education and Literacy, Ministry of Education (MoE).

Aim and Focus: These are aligned with the objectives of National Education Policy (NEP) 2020 of Quality Based Learning Outcomes.

Strengthening the government-managed school education system that primarily caters to the educational needs of girls and students from marginalised groups

Focus on initiatives of PM e-Vidya, Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission and National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education as part of the Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan.

Question 2:

Solution (b)

World Wildlife Fund (WWF) India has published reports titled ‘Prevalence of Endoparasites Infections in Free-Ranging Greater One-Horned Rhinoceros’ for Assam and West Bengal.

There are three species of rhino in Asia — Greater one-horned (Rhinoceros unicornis), Javan and Sumatran.

The five rhino range nations (India, Bhutan, Nepal, Indonesia and Malaysia) have signed a declaration ‘The New Delhi Declaration on Asian Rhinos 2019’ for the conservation and protection of the species.

Protection Status:

Javan and Sumatran Rhino are critically endangered and the Greater one-horned (or Indian) rhino is vulnerable in IUCN Red List.

All three listed under Appendix I (CITES).

Greater one-horned rhino is listed under the Schedule I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

Habitat of Greater One-Horned Rhino:

The species is restricted to small habitats in Indo-Nepal terai and northern West Bengal and Assam.

In India, rhinos are mainly found in Kaziranga NP, Pobitora WLS, Orang NP, Manas NP in Assam, Jaldapara NP and Gorumara NP in West Bengal and Dudhwa TR in Uttar Pradesh.

Question 3:

Solution (a)

Madhuca diplostemon is a tree that has been rediscovered after a gap of more than 180 years from a sacred grove in Kollam district, Kerala.

The tree is locally known as Kavilippa in Malayalam.

It has been identified by the scientists at the Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI) at Palode, Kerala.

The threatened species of the Western Ghats was believed to be extinct.

This is the second time a tree of this species has ever been located and only one mature tree has been found so far, which makes this remarkable rediscovery extremely valuable from a scientific, environmental and conservation point of view.

In 1835, Robert Wight, a surgeon-botanist with the East India Company, found the first specimen.

Since its original collection, specimens of the tree were never collected again, neither from its locality nor elsewhere, and botanical explorations in Eastern and Western Ghats failed to locate the species.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has included it in the endangered species list.

The JNTBGRI is planning to undertake the ex-situ conservation of this species through the institute’s species recovery programme.

Question 4:

Solution (c)

United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction

The UNDRR was established in 1999 as a dedicated secretariat to facilitate the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR).

It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.

It is mandated to serve as the focal point in the United Nations system for the coordination of disaster reduction and to ensure synergies among the disaster reduction activities.

It is an organisational unit of the UN Secretariat and is led by the UN Special Representative of the Secretary General for Disaster Risk Reduction (SRSG).

UNDRR’s Strategic Framework 2016-2021 has a vision to substantially reduce disaster risk and losses for a sustainable future with the mandate to act as the custodian of the Sendai Framework (India is a signatory).

Question 5:

Solution (b)

Goods and Services Tax:

GST was introduced through the 101st Constitution Amendment Act, 2016.

It is an indirect tax levied on the supply of final goods and services. The GST has subsumed indirect taxes like excise duty, Value Added Tax (VAT), service tax, luxury tax etc.

It is essentially a consumption tax and is levied at the final consumption point.

It is levied only on the value addition and is collected on goods and services at each point of sale in the supply line.

The GST that a merchant pays to procure goods or services (i.e. on inputs) can be set off later against the tax applicable on supply of final goods and services. The set off tax is called input tax credit.

The GST avoids the cascading effect or tax on tax which increases the tax burden on the end consumer.

Tax Structure under GST:

  • Central GST to cover Excise duty, Service tax etc, State GST to cover VAT, luxury tax etc.
  • Integrated GST to cover inter-state trade.
  • IGST per se is not a tax but a system to coordinate state and union taxes.
  • It has a 4-tier tax structure for all goods and services under the slabs- 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%.
  • Alcohol and Petrol was not brought under the purview of GST regime.

Current Affairs Question Bank: 18/10/2020


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