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UPSC Prelims 2020 Batch 3: Complete Revision

UPSC Prelims 2020 Batch 3 : Complete Revision of Prelims through 6000+ MCQs will start on 27th January 2020. UPSC Prelims Exam 2020 GS Paper-1 Last Time Revision Notes and Practice Test / Question Bank. UPSC Prelims 2020 Revision

Highlights:

60 Days Online Revision Test Programme

  • 45 Days Concept cum Revision Daily Test
  • 17 Days Prelims Current Affairs Tests
  • Special Test on Economic Survey & Budget
  • Special Test on India Year Book & Mapping
  • Prelims Mock Test Series
  • Prelims Study Material

UPSC Prelims 2020 Batch 3: Complete Revision of Prelims through 6000+ MCQs

Programme Approach

  1. UPSC Prelims is all about managing micro detailing of subjects & handling negative marking. As aspirants tend to get confused about what to study and how to study (i.e. up to what level/extent) for Civil Services Prelims, this programme has been designed to help students to cover whole syllabus effectively within a stipulated time and also have an assessment through test series.
  2. This programme covers the complete syllabus including – History, Geography, Polity, Economy, Science, Environment and Current Affairs with the correct mix of Fundamental and Advance level of study to cover micro detailing of sub-topics & current developments.
  3. 44 Days Concept cum Revision tests for covering basic concepts. In each Test there will be a test of 100 questions (based on the topics given in schedule) followed by Class to cover basic aspects of each topic and approach to handle questions.
  4. 17 days Current Affairs Test covering last 2 years current topics/issues supplemented by notes.
  5. Current Affairs Test will also include updates on Indian Year Book (IYB), PIB, Budget and Economic Survey.
  6. Special Test on Mapping (World & Indian Geography).
  7. Complete Prelims Study Material & Prelims Current Affairs Material will also be provided (It will cover Current Affairs of past 2 years). UPSC Prelims 2020 Revision

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Test Plan

TEST DATE TOPIC Sub Topics Cover
Test 1 27-Jan-2020 GOVERNANCE   Working of Ministries and Department
  Functions of Cabinet Secretariat
  Functions of Central Secretariat
  RTI
  E-Governance
  Citizen Charter
  Governing Institutions
Test 2 28-Jan-2020 GOVERNANCE   Schemes
  Programmes
  Policies
  Vulnerable sector
  Bills
Test 3 29-Jan-2020 GOVERNANCE   Class Continue
Test 4 30-Jan-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Climatology
  Atmosphere
  Inversion of Temp
  Insolation & Heat Budget
  Winds & Pressure Belts
  Air Mass, Fronts Cyclones & Jet Stream
  Precipitation
  Climatic Zone
Test 5 31-Jan-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Class Continue
Test 6 3-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   The origin of the Earth
  The Evolution of the Earth
  Geological History of the Earth
  Earth
  Origin of Life
  Geological Time Scale
  Interior of the Earth
  Geology
  Earthquakes
  Volcano
  Geomorphic Processes
  Distribution of Continents & Oceans   Landforms and their Evolution
  Landforms across the world
Test 7 4-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Class Continue
Test 8 5-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Oceanography
  Hydrosphere
  Submarine Relief Features
  Temperature & Salinity
  Waves, Ocean Currents
  Marine Resources
  Ocean Deposits & Corals
Test 9 6-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Demography
  Human Resource
  Population growth
  Demographic Transition
  Settlements  & Urbanization
Test 10 7-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Soil
  Vegetation resources
  Basic terms related to Agriculture   Productivity of Crops and conditions for growth
Test 11 10-Feb-2020 GEOGRPAHY   Mineral resource
  Energy resources
  Industry
  Transport
Test 12 11-Feb-2020 ANCIANT HISTORY   Pre Historic Cultures In India
  Pastoral and Farming Communities   Indus Valley Civilization
  Vedic Society
  Pre Mauryan Period
Test 13 12-Feb-2020 ANCIANT HISTORY   The Mauryan Empire 
  Post-Mauryan India
  Growth of Jainism and Buddhism
  Imperial Guptas
  Harshavardhana
  The Southern Dynasties
Test 14 13-Feb-2020 ANCIANT HISTORY   Visual Art
  Architecture in Ancient India
  Indo-Islamic Architecture
  Modern Architecture
  Indian Paintings
  Pottery Tradition in India
Test 15 14-Feb-2020 INDIAN CULTURE   Music in India
  Dances in India
  Martial Arts in India
  Indian Theatre
  Indian Puppetry
  Indian Cinema
  Religions in India
  Bhakti & Sufi Movements
  Languages & Literature in India
  Miscellaneous Topics
Test 16 17-Feb-2020 MEDIVAL HISTORY   The Establishment of the North Indian Empire
  Consolidation and Expansion of the Empire – Akbar
  State and Government under Akbar   Akbar’s Religious Views
  The Deccan and the Mughals (Upto 1657)
  Foreign Policy of the Mughals
  India in the First Half of the Seventeenth Century
  Aurangzeb – Religious Policies, North India and the Rajputs
  Climax and Crisis of the Mughal Empire the Marathas and the Deccan   Society-Structure and Growth
  Economic Life-Patterns and Prospects
  Religion, Fine Arts, Science and Technology
  Northern India in the First Half of the Eighteenth Century
  The Maratha Bid for Supremacy
Test 17 18-Feb-2020 MODERN HISTROY   The Advent of Europeans In India   The English in Bengal from 1757 TO 1772
  Impact of British Administration
  The Revolt of 1857
  Administrative Changes After 1857
Test 18 19-Feb-2020 MODERN HISTROY   Social reforms in India
  Development of Indian Press
  Development of Education
  Struggle by the Masses
  Terrorist and Revolutionary Movements
Test 19 20-Feb-2020 MODERN HISTROY   The Early Phase of the Freedom Struggle (1900-1915)
  Middle Phase of the Freedom Struggle (1915-1930)
  Closer to Freedom (1930-1947)
Test 20 21-Feb-2020 ENVIRONMENT   Ecology
  Ecological Community
  Ecological Succession: Its types & Process
  Ecosystem and its dynamics
  Ecosystem: Functions, Properties and Dynamics
  Biomagnification
  Biogeochemical Cycles & its types
  Biomes: Forest, Grassland, Mountain, and Desert Ecosystems
  Aquatic Life Zones: Ocean, Rivers, Lakes, and Wetlands
Test 21 24-Feb-2020 ENVIRONMENT   Biodiversity Basics
  Keystone, Indicator, Invasive Species   Biodiversity distribution, uses & values
  Biodiversity Hotspots
  Ecoregion
  Bio piracy
  IUCN classification Scheme
  Biodiversity Conservation
  Ex-Situ & In-Situ
  UNESCO (MAB)
  Conventional Biological Diversity
  Important Bird Areas
Test 22 25-Feb-2020 ENVIRONMENT   Effect of Human Activities on Environment
  Water Resource degradation
  Water Cycle (Hydrological Cycle)
  Minerals & Environmental Degradation
  Mining and Environment
  Impact of Mining
  Deforestation
  Strategies for Reducing Deforestation   Waste Management
  Solid Waste
  Hazardous Waste
  e-Waste
  Environmental Pollution
  Air Pollution
  Water Pollution
  Thermal Pollution
  Soil Pollution or Land Degradation   Noise Pollution
  Solid Waste Management
  Coastal ecosystem management
  Mangroves
  Estuaries
  Coral Reefs
  Steps for Coastal Ecosystem Management
Test 23 26-Feb-2020 ENVIRONMENT   Environmental Impact Assessment   International Environmental Governance
  Urbanization and climate
  Pollution in metros and climate change
  Urban Heat Island
  Impact of agriculture on climate
  Global Warming & Health
  Ozone depletion and Human Health   Sustainable Development
Test 24 27-Feb-2020 ENVIRONMENT   Environmental Laws
  Environment related Institutions and Organizations
  Pollution Control Boards
  National Green Tribunal
  Forest Survey of India
  National Board for Wildlife
  Schemes
  Environment related Institutions and Organizations
Test 25 28-Feb-2020 POLITY   Historical evolution and features   Preamble
  Fundamental rights
  DPSP
Test 26 2-Mar-2020 POLITY   Fundamental duties
  Citizenship
  Panchayats
  The Scheduled And Tribal Areas
  Relations Between The Union And The States
Test 27 3-Mar-2020 POLITY   Services
  Tribunals
  Elections
  Special Provisions Relating To Certain Classes
  Official language provisions
  Emergency provisions
  Amendments
Test 28 4-Mar-2020 POLITY   Union and States
  The President
  Vice President
  Prime Minister
Test 29 5-Mar-2020 POLITY   Council of Ministers
  Attorney General of India
  Parliament
  The Union Judiciary
Test 30 6-Mar-2020 POLITY   Comptroller and Auditor-General of India
  The Governor
  CM
  CoM
Test 31 7-Mar-2020 POLITY   The Advocate-General for the State   State legislature
Test 32 8-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   Basic concepts in Economics
  Micro-economics
  Macro-economics
  Economic Growth
  Major Growth Models
  Harrod-Domar
  Lewis Model
  Rostow stages of growth
  Balance Growth and Big-push model   Dependency theory
  Sen’s Growth theory
  Malthus’ limits on growth, etc
  Basic Features of Indian Economy – 1   Agriculture
  Economic Reforms
Test 33 11-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   Money
  New Monetary Aggregates
  Monetary Policy
  Monetary Policy Committee
  Inflation
  Types of Inflation
  Effects of inflation
  Measures taken by RBI
  Banking
Test 34 12-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   Class Continue
Test 35 13-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   Indian Financial Market
  Importance of Money Market
  Types of Capital Market
  Nature and functions of a stock exchange
  Role of SEBI, IRDA
  Government Budgeting/Deficits
  Budget
  Deficit Financing
  Fiscal Policy – Revenue
  Tax-Direct Tax, Indirect Tax
  Methods of Taxation – Progressive, Regressive Proportional
Test 36 16-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   Subsidies
  Planning
  Objectives of Planning – Major Objective of Planning
  Planning History
  Investment Models
  Classification of Investment
  FDI
  Angel Investors and Start-ups
  Investment Models
  Mutual Funds
Test 37 17-Mar-2020 ECONOMY   External Sector
  Fixed Foreign Currency Market
  Float Foreign Currency Market
  Balance of Payments
  Foreign Portfolio Investment
  Exchange Market
  International Organizations
  Trade agreements
Test 38 18-Mar-2020 ECONOMY
Test 39 19-Mar-2020 ECONOMY
Test 40 20-Mar-2020 ECONOMY
Test 41 23-Mar-2020 SCIENCE AND TECH   Mobile generations
  Telecommunication technologies
  Computer terminologies
  Supercomputer
  Government initiatives
  Policies related to science and technology
  Schemes and institutions
Test 42 24-Mar-2020 SCIENCE AND TECH   Biotechnology terminologies
  Applications of biotechnology
  Biotechnology projects
  Diseases
  Vaccines
Test 43 25-Mar-2020 SCIENCE AND TECH   Space organizations in India
  Space terminologies
  Types of satellites
  Space programmes of India
  Important space missions
  Missile system
  India’s Missile systems
  UAVs
  Submarines
  Latest Defence Updations
Test 44 26-Mar-2020 SCIENCE AND TECH   Technology related to Renewable Energy
  Nuclear technology basics
  India’s Nuclear programme
  Nuclear institutions
  Radiation technologies and applications
Test 45 27-Mar-2020 SCIENCE AND TECH   Nanotechnology terminologies
  Applications of nanotechnology
  Robotics and its types
  Applications of Robotics
Test 46 30-Mar-2020 GEOGRAPHY MAPPING   Mapping (World Geography)
Test 47 31-Mar-2020 GEOGRAPHY MAPPING   Mapping (Indian Geography)
Test 48 15 April, 2020 Polity & National Issues  
Test 49 16 April, 2020 Polity & National Issues
Test 50 17 April, 2020 International Affairs
Test 51 20 April, 2020 Indian Economy
Test 52 21 April, 2020 Indian Economy
Test 53 22 April, 2020 Indian Economy
Test 54 23 April, 2020 Indian Culture
Test 55 24 April, 2020 Environment  
Test 56 27 April, 2020 Environment
Test 57 28 April, 2020 Science & Technology
Test 58 29 April, 2020 Science & Technology
Test 59 30 April, 2020 Economic Survey  
Test 60 1 May, 2020 Economic Survey  
Test 61 4 May, 2020 Indian Budget  
Test 62 5 May, 2020 Governance & India Year Book  
Test 63 6 May, 2020 Governance & India Year Book  
Test 64 7 May, 2020 Governance & India Year Book  

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MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge Yearbook 2020. The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/PCS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and all the Indian states. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India, Indian States regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. UPSC Prelims 2020 Revision

MYUPSC - UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Test Series

What is Republic Day? Why do we celebrate it?

India is celebrating its 71st Republic Day today (January 26, 2020) marking it with grand celebrations in the national capital and all across the nation. Republic Day is celebrated to honour the historic date when the country completed its transition towards becoming an independent republic after its constitution came into effect.

71st Republic Day, Brazilian Prez Bolsonaro is the Chief Guest.

Image source : Timesofindia https://www.google.com/url?sa=i&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwj78Y3ps6DnAhUqIbcAHRFMD7EQjB16BAgBEAM&url=https%3A%2F%2Ftimesofindia.indiatimes.com%2Flife-style%2Fevents%2Fwhat-is-republic-day-why-do-we-celebrate-it-information-history-and-importance-of-republic-day-of-india%2Farticleshow%2F67676427.cms&psig=AOvVaw1pG5A217It45ZtvrIlR1Dz&ust=1580098504128392

What is Republic Day? Why do we celebrate it? History, Importance of Republic Day of India

Captain Tania Shergill, an officer with Army’s Corps of Signals, will be the first woman parade adjutant for the Republic Day parade. A parade adjutant is responsible for the parade.

 tania shergill

Shergill is the first woman army officer to become parade adjutant for Republic Day. She also leads the all-men contingent on Army Day. Commissioned in March, 2017, from the Officer Training Academy, Chennai, Shergill is an electronics and communications graduate.

Republic Day is a day to remember when the Constitution of India officially came into force on January 26, 1950. This historical act formally transitioned India to become an independent republic and hence it is celebrated on January 26 every year.

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

It’s noted that though India gained freedom from the British rule after a long struggle in the wee hours of August 15, 1947. Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru delivered his famous speech ‘Tryst with Destiny’, declaring India’s independence to the citizens. But sadly this freedom did not come along with democracy and the right to choose your own Government. Since India didn’t have an official Constitution then, our country was a constitutional monarchy under the rule of King George VI even after Independence. It was finally after two and half years later on January 26, 1950, when the Indian Constitution came into effect thus making India one of the biggest democracies in the world. It was on this day when India was declared as a sovereign, socialist, secular, democratic republic. And to honour this day, the Indian Republic Day is celebrated with great fervour throughout the country every year on January 26.

Information, History and Importance of Republic Day of India

It was through the monumental Indian Independence Act of 1947 through which Indian gained its independence, an Act of the United Kingdom’s Parliament which divided British India in two parts. As mentioned earlier, though India gained its freedom from the British rule it was still under the constitutional monarchy of King George VI (head) and Earl Mountbatten, who was the Governor General. This was because in 1947, India did not have its own Constitution. In fact, the laws in India at that time were based on the Government of India Act of 1935.

Realising the need of having an Indian Constitution, a Drafting Committee was set up with Dr Bheem Rao Ambedkar being appointed as its chairman. The sole objective of setting this committee was to draft the Constitution of India, which would be the supreme law of India. The Constitution lays down a broad framework of the fundamental political code, structure, powers, procedures and duties of all Government institutions and also states the fundamental rights and duties of all citizens of India. The committee worked tirelessly for many months and submitted their first draft of the Constitution on November 4, 1947 to the Constituent Assembly. It took exactly 2 years, 11 months and 18 days to finally adopt the Constitution with the necessary amendments.

Though the Constitution of India was adopted on 26 November, 1949 by the Constituent Assembly of India it became was formally made effective on 26 January, 1950. The reason: it was during in 1929 during the Indian National Congress’ (INC) Lahore Session that a demand for complete independence was made in the history of India’s freedom struggle from the British rule. This was followed by January 26, 1930 being announced as the Purna Swaraj Diwas (complete Independence Day). To honour this important day in India’s freedom movement, our Constitution was adopted on January 26, 1950. India Republic Day 2020

Some Other Useful Links:

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40: IAS Test Series – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

Important Topics: UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Study Material: Part-1 – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Part-2

State Wise Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

State Wise GK Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

UPSC PSC Prelims Test Series 2020

Must Read Books for UPSC PSC Exams 2020 UPSC PSC Exams

Preparation 2020 UPSC Prelims Exam 2020 Must Read Books

Daily News Prescription – 25 January 2020

Daily News Prescription 2020: MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge Yearbook 2020. The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/PCS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and all the Indian states. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India, Indian States regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. UPSC IAS General Studies UPSC PSC Books 2020, Daily News Prescription

UPSC Prelims 2020 Batch 3: Complete Revision

Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Exams

GS2: Governance

Aspirants with criminal past should not get ticket, EC tells SC (TH) Court gives week’s time to come up with a proposal.

Legislative Council can’t be scrapped, says Naidu (TH) The scrapping of the Legislative Council as proposed by Chief Minister Y.S. Jagan Mohan Reddy is not possible in the present political climate,

Plea for judicial probe in custodial death cases (TH) SC seeks government’s response

The Supreme Court on Friday asked the government to respond to a petition seeking implementation of Section 176(1A) of the Code of Criminal Procedure.

Centre seeks to revamp child care scheme in urban areas (TH) Urban areas are likely to receive a renewed focus under the government’s ICDS programme

GS2: International Relations

Justice for Rohingya (TH) The ICJ’s ruling on military excesses in Myanmar holds hope for Rohingya refugees

GS3: Economy

Government of India and the World Bank sign USD 210 million loan agreement for State of Maharashtra’s Agribusiness and Rural Transformation Project. (PIB) Government of India and the World Bank sign USD 210 million loan agreement for State of Maharashtra’s Agribusiness and Rural .

GS3: Science and Technology

Explained: What is Vyommitra’s space job? (IE)  Before India’s first human spaceflight, a half-humanoid will travel solo to help determine if the trip is safe enough.

Some Other Useful Links:

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40 : IAS Test Series – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

Important Topics: UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Study Material:Part-1 – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Part-2

25 January 2020 – Daily Current Affairs MCQ

Daily MCQ January 2020: MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. Daily MCQ January 2020: you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge Yearbook 2020. The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/PCS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and all the Indian states. Daily MCQ January 2020: The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India, Indian States regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.  Daily MCQ January 2020

Important Topics For UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020

Current Affairs MCQ – 25 January 2020

Q1. Which of the following statements regarding the National Infrastructure Pipeline (NIP) programme stands true?

1) NIP will enable a forward outlook on infrastructure projects which will create jobs, improve ease of living, and provide equitable access to infrastructure for all, thereby making growth more inclusive.

2) It will exclude social and economic infrastructure projects though.

3) It has outlined plans to invest more than ₹102 lakh crore on infrastructure projects by 2024-25, with the Centre, States and the private sector to share the capital expenditure in a 39:39:22 formulas.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

Answer: 1. (c)

Q2. Dharmendra Pradhan, Union Minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas and Steel has launched a volunteer scheme ‘SERVICE’ for the employees of which Indian PSU?

(A) Steel Authority of India Limited

(B) Indian Oil Corporation

(C) Coal India Limited

(D) Oil and Natural Gas Corporation

(E) Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited

Solution: (A)

The Union Minister for Petroleum & Natural Gas and Steel, Dharmendra Pradhan has launched a volunteer scheme ‘SERVICE’ and its portal on Wednesday, 22 January 2020 for the employees of the Indian public sector undertaking, Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL).

Q3. Which Indian company has signed a MoU to assist the Petroleum Authority of Ghana?

(A) Oil and Natural Gas Corporation

(B) Indian Oil Corporation

(C) Vedanta Cairn Limited

(D) Bharat Petroleum

(E) Gail India Limited

Solution: (B)

Indian Oil Corporation Ltd (IOCL) and National Petroleum Authority (NPA) of Ghana signed a MoU to expand the country’s Liquified petroleum gas (LPG) network. Indian Oil will provide assistance and share its technical expertise to implement the National LPG Promotion Policy of Ghana with the Petroleum authorities of the African country.

Q4. ‘Mukhyamantri Krishak Durghatna Kalyan Yojana’ has been launched by which state?

(A) Rajasthan

(B) Uttar Pradesh

(C) Bihar

(D) Punjab

(E) Tamil Nadu

Solution: (B)

Mukhyamantri Krishak Durghatna Kalyan Yojana has been launched by the government of Uttar Pradesh. This yojna will provide financial assistance to the family of farmers who die or become handicapped while working in fields.

Q5. According to the recent notification issued by the Ministry of Law and Justice, which country along with India has been declared as the ‘reciprocating territory’?

(A) Saudi Arabia

(B) Qatar

(C) Kuwait

(D) United Arab Emirates

(E) Oman

Solution: (D)

A Gazette Notification was recently issued by The Ministry of Law and Justice which declared the United Arab Emirates to be a “reciprocating territory” under Section 44A of the Civil Procedure Code, 1908. A list of courts in the UAE was also declared to be ‘Superior Courts’ under the same section of CPC.

Q6. Which of the following are the classical languages of India were added to the eighth schedule after the enactment of the constitution?

1) Manipuri

2) Santhali

3) Punjabi

4) Bodo

5) Oriya

a) 1, 2 & 3 only

b) 1, 2 & 4 only

c) 2, 3 & 5 only

d) 2 & 4 only

Answer: 2. (b)

Q7. Consider the following statements:

1) Use of advanced technological tools such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, big data analytics, natural language processing etc., that enable collection, filtering and analysis of such unstructured data will greatly augment surveillance capabilities.

2) SEBI has planned a ‘data lake’ project using tools like machine learning, artificial intelligence and big data analysis among other things to fix market manipulation especially via social Medias.

3) Data lake refers to a repository of data that is stored in a very raw or unstructured manner.

Which of the above statements stands true?

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Answer: 3. (d)

Q8. Which Indian telecom service provider recently got approval from the telecom department to raise the FDI limit to 100%?

(A) Bharti Airtel

(B) Vodafone Idea

(C) Jio

(D) BSNL

(E) MTNL

Answer: A

Q9. Which country is hosting the 10th Annual Meeting of Femora?

(A) India

(B) Sri Lanka

(C) Nepal

(D) Pakistan

(E) Bangladesh

Solution: (A)

The 10th annual meeting of the Forum of the Election Management Bodies of South Asia (Femora) is being hosted by the ECI (Election Commission of India) at New Delhi on January 24, 2020. ECI will also take over as chair of Femora for 2020.

Q10. Which state has banned Autos older than 15 years?

(A) Rajasthan

(B) Uttar Pradesh

(C) Bihar

(D) Punjab

(E) Tamil Nadu

Solution: (D)

The Punjab Government on 22nd January 2020 announced a ban on three-wheelers that are older than 15 years which run on fossil fuel. Electric or compressed natural gas (CNG) engine autos will replace these Autos.

Q11. India has achieved the complete phase-out of which ozone-depleting chemical?

(A) Hydrochlorofluorocarbon-141 b

(B) 1,1,1-Trichloroethane

(C) Bromotrifluoromethane

(D) 1,2,2-trifluoroethane

(E) 1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane

Solution: (A)

India has successfully achieved the complete phase-out of one of the most potent ozone-depleting chemical Hydro chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b, which is a chemical used by foam manufacturing enterprises. Hydro chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b is used primarily as a blowing agent in the production of rigid polyurethane (PU) foams.

Q12. The Defence Acquisition Council approved the Procurement of defense equipment worth Rs _ crore.

(A) 6000

(B) 5000

(C) 5500

(D) 4000

(E) 4500

Solution: (B)

With an aim to promote indigenization, the Defence Acquisition Council has recently approved the procurement of various defence equipment worth over Rs 5,000 crore from several indigenous sources. Rajnath Singh, defence minister of India chaired the meeting.

Q13. Which country topped the list of Democracy Index released by the Economic Intelligence Unit?

(A) India

(B) Norway

(C) United States

(D) Germany

(E) Italy

Solution: (B)

The Economic Intelligence Unit on January 22, 2020, released the Democracy Index for the year 2019. Norway topped the list followed by Iceland and Sweden at second and third positions respectively. India was at 51st rank slipping 10 positions as compared to its previous rank.

Q14. India has been ranked at the 80th position among 180 countries and territories in the Corruption Perception Index (CPI).Which of the following statements regarding the same stands true?

1) According to the report, even in democracies, such as Australia and India, unfair and opaque political financing and undue influence in decision-making and lobbying by powerful corporate interest groups, result in stagnation or decline in control of corruption.

2) Denmark and China have cornered the top spot, followed by Finland, Singapore, Sweden and Switzerland in the top ten.

3) This year’s analysis shows corruption is more pervasive in countries where big money can flow freely into electoral campaigns and where governments listen only to the voices of wealthy or well-connected individuals.

a) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

d) all of the above

Answer: 4. (c)

Q15. “Ophichthuskailashchandrai” recently in news refers to a newly discovered snake eel species residing at the Bay of Bengal. It was found near the Gopalpur Sea belonging to which of the following Indian states?

A) West Bengal

b) Odisha

c) Andhra Pradesh

d) Chattisgarh

Answer: 5. (b)

Some Other Useful Links:

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40: IAS Test Series – Study Portal

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Important Topics: UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Study Material: Part-1 – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

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State Wise Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

State Wise GK Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

UPSC PSC Prelims Test Series 2020

Must Read Books for UPSC PSC Exams 2020 UPSC PSC Exams

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Daily MCQ January 2020 MYUPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Solved Test Series

Karnataka Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Karnataka Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. Karnataka Latest Yearbook 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

Karnataka Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

1. Introduction of Karnataka

2. Current Affairs (Whole Year)

3. Practice MCQ

Karnataka Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams across the state. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. Karnataka Latest Yearbook 2020

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Karnataka based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.

Why should you buy this Book?

Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, and Other exams across the Karnataka State. Karnataka Latest Yearbook 2020

Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting.

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Karnataka General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive.

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Karnataka Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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Introduction of Karnataka

Karnataka is a state in the south western region of India. It was formed on 1 November 1956, with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act. Originally known as the State of Mysore, it was renamed Karnataka in 1973. The state corresponds to the Carnatic region. The capital and largest city is Bangalore.

Karnataka is the 7th biggest, 8th most populous, 13th highest and 16th most literate state of the 28 states of the democratic Republic of India. Karnataka is ranked 3rd in the country in tax revenue and 7th in the country in GDP. Karnataka is at 8th position in life expectancy and 11th in female-to-male sex ratio among the states in India. Karnataka is at 7th most media exposed states in India.

Karnataka is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west, Goa to the northwest, Maharashtra to the north, Telangana to the northeast, Andhra Pradesh to the east, Tamil Nadu to the southeast, and Kerala to the south. The state covers an area of 191,976 square kilometres, or 5.83 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the sixth largest Indian state by area. With 61,130,704 inhabitants at the 2011 census, Karnataka is the eighth largest state by population, comprising 30 districts. Kannada, one of the classical languages of India, is the most widely spoken and official language of the state. Other languages spoken include Urdu, Konkani, Marathi, Tulu, Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, Kodava and Beary. Karnataka also contains some of the only villages in India where Sanskrit is primarily spoken.

The two main river systems of the state are the Krishna and its tributaries, the Bhima, Ghataprabha, Vedavathi, Malaprabha and Tungabhadra in North Karnataka; Sharavathi in Shimoga and the Kaveri and its tributaries, the Hemavati, Shimsha, Arkavati, Lakshmana Tirtha and Kabini, in the south. Most of these rivers flow out of Karnataka eastward, reaching the sea at the Bay of Bengal. Karnataka Latest Yearbook 2020

Though several etymologies have been suggested for the name Karnataka, the generally accepted one is that Karnataka is derived from the Kannada words karu and nadu, meaning “elevated land”. Karu Nadu may also be read as karu, meaning “black” and nadu, meaning “region”, as a reference to the black cotton soil found in the Bayalu Seeme region of the state. The British used the word Carnatic, sometimes Karnataka, to describe both sides of peninsular India, south of the Krishna. Karnataka Latest Yearbook 2020

With an antiquity that dates to the Paleolithic, Karnataka has been home to some of the most powerful empires of ancient and medieval India. The philosophers and musical bards patronised by these empires launched socio-religious and literary movements which have endured to the present day. Karnataka has contributed significantly to both forms of Indian classical music, the Carnatic and Hindustani traditions.

The economy of Karnataka is the fourth-largest state economy in India with ₹15.35 lakh crore (US$220 billion) in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹210,000 (US$2,900). Karnataka has the twelfth highest ranking among Indian states in human development index.

Karnataka’s pre-history goes back to a Paleolithic hand-axe culture evidenced by discoveries of, among other things, hand axes and cleavers in the region. Evidence of neolithic and megalithic cultures have also been found in the state. Gold discovered in Harappa was found to be imported from mines in Karnataka, prompting scholars to hypothesis about contacts between ancient Karnataka and the Indus Valley Civilisation 3300 BCE.

Prior to the third century BCE, most of Karnataka formed part of the Nanda Empire before coming under the Mauryan Empire of Emperor Ashoka. Four centuries of Satavahana rule followed, allowing them to control large areas of Karnataka. The decline of Satavahana power led to the rise of the earliest native kingdoms, the Kadambas and the Western Gangas, marking the region’s emergence as an independent political entity. The Kadamba Dynasty, founded by Mayurasharma, had its capital at Banavasi; the Western Ganga Dynasty was formed with Talakad as its capital.

These were also the first kingdoms to use Kannada in administration, as evidenced by the Hal midi inscription and a fifth-century copper coin discovered at Banavasi. These dynasties were followed by imperial Kannada empires such as the Badami Chalukyas, the Rashtrakuta Empire of Manyakheta and the Western Chalukya Empire, which ruled over large parts of the Deccan and had their capitals in what is now Karnataka. The Western Chalukyas patronised a unique style of architecture and Kannada literature which became a precursor to the Hoysala art of the 12th century. Parts of modern-day Southern Karnataka were occupied by the Chola Empire at the turn of the 11th century. The Cholas and the Hoysalas fought over the region in the early 12th century before it eventually came under Hoysala rule. Karnataka Latest Yearbook 2020

At the turn of the first millennium, the Hoysalas gained power in the region. Literature flourished during this time, which led to the emergence of distinctive Kannada literary metres, and the construction of temples and sculptures adhering to the Vesara style of architecture. The expansion of the Hoysala Empire brought minor parts of modern Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu under its rule. In the early 14th century, Harihara and Bukka Raya established the Vijayanagara Empire with its capital, Hosapattana (later named Vijayanagara), on the banks of the Tungabhadra River in the modern Bellary district. The empire rose as a bulwark against Muslim advances into South India, which it completely controlled for over two centuries. Karnataka Latest Yearbook 2020

In 1565, Karnataka and the rest of South India experienced a major geopolitical shift when the Vijayanagara Empire fell to a confederation of Islamic sultanates in the Battle of Talikota. The Bijapur Sultanate, which had risen after the demise of the Bahmani Sultanate of Bidar, soon took control of the Deccan; it was defeated by the Moghuls in the late 17th century. The Bahmani and Bijapur rulers encouraged Urdu and Persian literature and Indo-Saracenic architecture, the Gol Gumbaz being one of the high points of this style. During the sixteenth century, Konkani Hindus migrated to Karnataka, mostly from Salsette, Goa, while during the seventeenth and eighteenth century, Goan Catholics migrated to North Canara and South Canara, especially from Bardes, Goa, as a result of food shortages, epidemics and heavy taxation imposed by the Portuguese.

In the period that followed, parts of northern Karnataka were ruled by the Nizam of Hyderabad, the Maratha Empire, the British, and other powers. In the south, the Mysore Kingdom, a former vassal of the Vijayanagara Empire, was briefly independent. With the death of Krishnaraja Wodeyar II, Haidar Ali, the commander-in-chief of the Mysore army, gained control of the region. After his death, the kingdom was inherited by his son Tipu Sultan. To contain European expansion in South India, Haidar Ali and later Tipu Sultan fought four significant Anglo-Mysore Wars, the last of which resulted in Tippu Sultan’s death and the incorporation of Mysore into the British Raj in 1799. The Kingdom of Mysore was restored to the Wodeyar and Mysore remained a princely state under the British Raj. Karnataka Latest Yearbook 2020

As the “doctrine of lapse” gave way to dissent and resistance from princely states across the country, Kittur Chennamma, Sangolli Rayanna and others spearheaded rebellions in Karnataka in 1830, nearly three decades before the Indian Rebellion of 1857. However, Kitturu was taken over by the British East India Company even before the doctrine was officially articulated by Lord Dalhousie in 1848. Other uprisings followed, such as the ones at Supa, Bagalkot, Shorapur, Nargund and Dandeli. These rebellions—which coincided with the Indian Rebellion of 1857—were led by Mundargi Bhimarao, Bhaskar Rao Bhave, the Hala gali Bedas, Raja Venkatappa Nayaka and others. By the late 19th century, the independence movement had gained momentum; Karnad Sadashiva Rao, Aluru Venkata Raya, S. Nijalingappa, Kengal Hanumanthaiah, Nittoor Srinivasa Rau and others carried on the struggle into the early 20th century.

After India’s independence, the Maharaja, Jayachamarajendra Wodeyar, allowed his kingdom’s accession to India. In 1950, Mysore became an Indian state of the same name; the former Maharaja served as its Rajpramukh (head of state) until 1975. Following the long-standing demand of the Eki karana Movement, Kodagu- and Kannada-speaking regions from the adjoining states of Madras, Hyderabad and Bombay were incorporated into the Mysore state, under the State Reorganisation Act of 1956. The thus expanded state was renamed Karnataka, seventeen years later, in 1973. In the early 1900s through the post-independence era, industrial visionaries such as Sir Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya, born in Muddenahalli, Chikkaballapur district, played an important role in the development of Karnataka’s strong manufacturing and industrial base. Karnataka Latest Yearbook 2020

The state has three principal geographical zones:
1.   The coastal region of Karavali
2.   The hilly Malenadu region comprising the Western Ghats

3.   The Bayaluseeme region comprising the plains of the Deccan Plateau

The bulk of the state is in the Bayaluseeme region, the northern part of which is the second-largest arid region in India. The highest point in Karnataka is the Mullayanagiri hills in Chikmagalur district which has an altitude of 1,925 metres. Some of the important rivers in Karnataka are Kaveri, Tungabhadra, Krishna, Malaprabha and the Sharavathi. A large number of dams and reservoirs are constructed across these rivers which richly add to the irrigation and hydel power generation capacities of the state.

Karnataka consists of four main types of geological formations — the Archean complex made up of Dharwad schists and granitic gneisses, the Proterozoic non-fossilliferous sedimentary formations of the Kaladgi and Bhima series, the Deccan trappean and intertrappean deposits and the tertiary and recent laterites and alluvial deposits. Significantly, about 60% of the state is composed of the Archean complex which consists of gneisses, granites and Charnockite rocks. Laterite capping that is found in many districts over the Deccan Traps was formed after the cessation of volcanic activity in the early tertiary period. Eleven groups of soil orders are found in Karnataka, viz. Entisols, Inceptisols, Mollisols, Spodosols, Alfisols, Ultisols, Oxysols, Aridisols, Vertisols, Andisols and Histosols. Depending on the agricultural capability of the soil, the soil types are divided into six types, viz. red, lateritic, and black, alluvio-colluvial, forest and coastal soils.

Karnataka experiences four seasons. The winter in January and February is followed by summer between March and May, the monsoon season between June and September and the post-monsoon season from October till December. Meteorologically, Karnataka is divided into three zones — coastal, north interior and south interior. Of these, the coastal zone receives the heaviest rainfall with an average rainfall of about 3,638.5 mm per annum; far in excess of the state average of 1,139 mm. Amagaon in Khanapur received 10,068 mm of rainfall in the year 2010. In the year 2014, Kokkali in Sirsi taluk received 8,746 mm of rainfall. Agumbe and Hulikal were considered the rainiest cities in Karnataka, being one of the wettest regions in the world. The highest recorded temperature was 45.6 °C (114 °F) at Raichur and the lowest recorded temperature was 2.8 °C (37 °F) at Bidar.

According to the 2011 census of India, the total population of Karnataka was 61,095,297 of which 30,966,657 (50.7%) were male and 30,128,640 (49.3%) were female, or 1000 males for every 973 females. This represents a 15.60% increase over the population in 2001. The population density was 319 per km2 and 38.67% of the people lived in urban areas. The literacy rate was 75.36% with 82.47% of males and 68.08% of females being literate. 84.00% of the populations were Hindu, 12.92% were Muslim, 1.87% was Christian, 0.72% was Jains, 0.16% was Buddhist, 0.05% was Sikh and 0.02% were belonging to other religions and 0.27% of the population did not state their religion.

Karnataka has a parliamentary system of government with two democratically elected houses, the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council. The Legislative Assembly consists of 224 members who are elected for five-year terms. The Legislative Council is a permanent body of 75 members with one-third (25 members) retiring every two years.

Some Other Useful Links:

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40: IAS Test Series – Study Portal

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Jharkhand General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

Jharkhand General Knowledge Yearbook 2020: It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Jharkhand Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for JKPSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. Jharkhand GK Yearbook 2020

Jharkhand Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

1. Introduction of Jharkhand (Static GK)

2. Current Affairs (whole year)

Jharkhand Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like JKPSC and Other Jharkhand PSC Civil services exams across the state. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. Jharkhand GK Yearbook 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Jharkhand based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Jharkhand General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive. Jharkhand GK Yearbook 2020

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Jharkhand GK Yearbook 2020 - Jharkhand PSC Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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Introduction of Jharkhand

Jharkhand is a state in eastern India, created on 15 November 2000, from what was previously the southern half of Bihar. The state shares its border with the states of Bihar to the north, Uttar Pradesh to the northwest, Chhattisgarh to the west, Odisha to the south and West Bengal to the east. It has an area of 79,710 km2. It is the 15th largest state by area, and the 14th largest by population. Hindi is the official language of the state. The city of Ranchi is its capital and Dumka its sub capital. The state is known for its waterfalls, hills and holy places; Baidyanath Dham, Parasnath and Rajrappa are major religious sites.

Jharkhand is located in the eastern part of India and is enclosed by Bihar to the northern side, Chhattisgarh and Uttar Pradesh to the western side, Odisha to the southern part and West Bengal to the eastern part.

The region has been inhabited since the Mesolithic-Chalcolithic period, as shown by several ancient cave paintings. Even evidence of use of iron started in this region as early as 1400 BCE. The region was under the rule of many sovereign and autonomous ruling dynasties including Maurya, Gupta, Gauda, Pala, Nagavanshi, Khayaravala, Ramgarh Raj, Raksel, Chero and Kharagdiha Zamindari estates. Jharkhand GK Yearbook 2020

In the 16th century Mughal influence reached the region, and it finally came under the East India Company in the 18th century. After the Independence of India, the region became part of Bihar state. There was demand for a separate state in the region and the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000 passed in Parliament, giving rise to the new state of Jharkhand.

Jharkhand suffers from what is sometimes termed a resource curse: it accounts for more than 40% of the mineral resources of India, but 39.1% of its population is below the poverty line and 19.6% of children under five years of age are malnourished. The state is primarily rural, with only 24% of the population living in cities. Jharkhand is among the leading states in economic growth. In 2017-18, the GSDP growth rate of state was at 10.22%.

Stone tools have been discovered from Chota Nagpur plateau region which is from Mesolithic and Neolithic period. There are ancient cave paintings in Isko, Hazaribagh district which are from Meso-chalcolithic period (9,000-5,000 BC). In Kabra-Kala mound at the confluence of Son and North Koel rivers in Palamu district various antiquities and art objects have found which are from Neolithic to the medieval period and the pot-sherds of Red ware, black and red ware, black ware, black slipped ware and NBP ware are from Chalcolithic to the late medieval period. Several iron slags, microliths, and potsherds have been discovered from Singhbhum district which are from 1400 BCE according to carbon dating age. The region was ruled by many empires and dynasties including Maurya, Gupta, Gauda, Pala, Nagavanshi, Khayaravala, Ramgarh Raj, Raksel, Chero, and notable Kharagdiha Zamindari estates of Koderma, Ledo Gadi, Gandey Gadi and Gadi Palganj.

During the age of Mahajanpadas around 500 BC, Jharkhand state was a part of Magadha and Anga. In the Mauryan period, this region was ruled by a number of states, which were collectively known as the Atavika (forest) states. These states accepted the suzerainty of the Maurya Empire during Ashoka’s reign (c. 232 BCE). Samudragupta, while marching through the present-day Chotanagpur region, directed the first attack against the kingdom of Dakshina Kosala in the Mahanadi valley. In the 7th century, Chinese traveller Xuanzang passed through the region. He described the kingdom as Karnasuvarna and Shashanka as its ruler. To the north of Karn-Suberna was Magadha, Champa was in east, Mahendra in the west and Orissa in the south.

During medieval period, the region ruled by Nagavanshi, Khayaravala and Chero ruler. The Mughal influence reached Palamu during the reign of Emperor Akbar when it was invaded by Raja Mansingh in 1574. Several invasions took place during Mughal rule. During region of Nagavanshi King Madhu Singh, Akbar’ general invaded Khukhra. Also there was invasion during region of Durjan Sal. Jharkhand GK Yearbook 2020

The King Medini Ray ruled from 1658 to 1674 in Palamau. His rule extended to areas in South Gaya and Hazaribagh. He attacked Navratangarh and defeated the Nagavanshi Maharaja of Chhotanagpur. The Chero rule in Palamu region lasted till 19th CE, until internal conflict between various factions weakened the Cheros and they were defeated by the East India Company. Later Palamu estate was sold by the British.

Region under Kings of Chero dynasty, Nagavanshi dynasty, Ramgarh and Kharagdiha became parts of territories of East India Company. Ramgarh Raj along with estates of other chiefs in the regions was permanently settled as Zamindari estate. The Kharagdiha Rajas were settled as Rajas of Raj Dhanwar in 1809, and the Kharagdiha gadis were separately settled as zamindari estates. Some of the notable Kharagdiha Zamindari estates were Koderma, Gadi Palganj and Ledo Gadi. Jharkhand GK Yearbook 2020

Region under Kings of Chero dynasty, Nagavanshi dynasty, Ramgarh and Kharagdiha became parts of territories of East India Company. Ramgarh Raj along with estates of other chiefs in the regions was permanently settled as Zamindari estate. The Kharagdiha Rajas were settled as Rajas of Raj Dhanwar in 1809, and the Kharagdiha gadis were separately settled as zamindari estates. Some of the notable Kharagdiha Zamindari estates were Koderma, Gadi Palganj and Ledo Gadi.

The subjugation and colonisation of Jharkhand region by the British East India Company resulted in spontaneous resistance from the local people. The first revolt against the British East India Company was led by Raghunath Mahato, in 1769.

In 1771, the revolt against the landlords and the British government was led by Tilka Manjhi, a Paharia leader in Rajmahal Hills. Soon after in 1779, the Bhumij tribes rose in arms against the British rule in Manbhum, in 1807, the Oraons in Barway murdered their landlord from Srinagar. Munda tribe rose in revolt in 1811 and 1813. Bakhtar Say and Mundal Singh, two landowners, fought against the British East India Company in 1812. Jharkhand GK Yearbook 2020

The Princely states in Chota Nagpur Plateau came within the sphere of influence of the Maratha Empire, but they became tributary states of British East India Company as a result of the Anglo-Maratha Wars known as Chota Nagpur Tributary States.

Thakur Vishwanath Shahdeo, Pandey Ganpat Rai rebelled against British East India Company in 1857 rebellion. In Battle of Chatra conflict took place between rebel and East India Company. Tikait Umrao Singh, Sheikh Bhikhari, Nadir Ali, Jai Mangal Singh played pivotal role in the Indian Rebellion of 1857.

After the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the rule of the British East India Company was transferred to the Crown in the person of Queen Victoria, who, in 1876, was proclaimed Empress of India. The Cheros and Kharwars again rebelled against the British in 1882 but the attack was repulsed. Then Birsa Munda revolt broke out in 1895 and lasted till 1900. The revolt though mainly concentrated in the Munda belt of Khunti, Tamar, Sarwada and Bandgaon:

In October 1905, the exercise of British influence over the predominantly Hindi-speaking states of Chang Bhakar, Jashpur, Koriya, Surguja, and Udaipur was transferred from the Bengal government to that of the Central Provinces, while the two Oriya-speaking states of Gangpur and Bonai were attached to the Orissa Tributary States, leaving only Kharsawan and Saraikela answerable to the Bengal governor.

In 1936, all nine states were transferred to the Eastern States Agency, the officials of which came under the direct authority of the Governor-General of India, rather than under that of any provinces.

In March 1940, INC 53rd Session was accomplished under the presidency of Maulana Abul Qalam Azad at Jhanda Chowk, Ramgarh now Ramgarh Cantonment. Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sarojini Naidu, Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, Acharya J.B. Kripalani, Industrialist Jamnalal Bajaj and others greats leaders of Indian freedom movement attended the Ramgarh Session. Mahatma Gandhi also opened khadi and village Industries Exhibition at Ramgarh.

After Indian independence in 1947, the rulers of the states chose to accede to the Dominion of India. Changbhakar, Jashpur, Koriya, Surguja and Udaipur later became part of Madhya Pradesh state, but Gangpur and Bonai became part of Orissa state, and Kharsawan and Saraikela part of Bihar state. In 1912, the state of Jharkhand was first proposed by a student of St. Columba’s College in Hazaribagh. Initially, in 1928, it was demand of Unnati Samaj, political wing of Christian Tribals Association, which submitted a memorandum to Simon Commission to constitute a tribal state in eastern India. Prominent leader like Jaipal Singh Munda and Ram Narayan Singh demanded a separate state. Jharkhand Party led by Jaipal Singh Munda submitted memorandum to States Reorganization Commission for Jharkhand state, but it was rejected due to there was many languages and no link language in the region, tribal were not in majority and adverse effects on economy after separation from Bihar. In 1972, Binod Bihari Mahato, Shibu Soren and A. K. Roy founded Jharkhand Mukti Morcha. Nirmal Mahto founded All Jharkhand Students Union. They spearheaded movement for separate state of Jharkhand. AJSU introduced elements of violence in the movement and called for bycott of election while JMM opposed it. Due to differences these party parted away from each other. There was a provision for limited internal autonomy in the hill area of Assam. Other tribal areas were covered by the fifth schedule of the constitution. Chotanagpur and Santal Pargana development board constituted under the chairmanship of then Chief minister of Bihar under the provinsion of fifth schedule in 1972. It failed to meet desire result. Jharkhand co-ordination committee (JCC) led by Ram Dayal Munda, Dr. B.P. Keshri, Binod Bihari Mahato, Santosh Rana and Suraj Singh Besra started fresh initiative in the matter. Dr. B.P Keshri sent memorandum to form Jharkhand state. Centre government formed a committee on Jharkhand matter in 1989. It stressed the need of greater allocation of the development funds for the area. Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council (JAAC) Bill passed in Bihar legislative assembly in December 1994. Jharkhand Area Autonomous Council (JAAC) has given charge of 40 subjects including Agriculture, rural health, public work, public health and minerals. The council has power to recommend for legislation to the Assembly through the state government and to frames bylaws and regulations. Jharkhand GK Yearbook 2020

In 1998, when the separate state movement was falling apart, Justice Lal Pingley Nath Shahdeo had led the movement. In 1998, the Union government decided to send the bill concerning formation of Jharkhand state to Bihar Legislative Assembly to which Lalu Prasad Yadav had said that the state would be divided over his dead body. A total of 16 political parties including BJP, JMM, AJSU and Congress came in one platform and formed the ‘All Party Separate State Formation Committee’ to start the movement. Shahdeo was elected as the convener of the committee. The voting on Jharkhand Act was to be done on 21 September 1998 in Bihar legislation. On that day the committee, under the leadership of Shahdeo called for Jharkhand Bandh and organised a protest march. Thousands of supporters of separate state took to streets in leadership of Shahdeo. He was arrested and detained in police station for hours along with many supporters.

After the last Assembly election in the state resulted in a hung assembly, RJD’s dependence on the Congress extended support on the precondition that RJD would not pose a hurdle to the passage of the Bihar reorganisation Bill. Finally, with the support from both RJD and Congress, the ruling coalition at the Centre led by the BJP which had made statehood its main poll plank in the region in successive polls earlier, cleared the Bihar reorganisation Bill in the monsoon session of the Parliament this year, thus paving the way for the creation of a separate Jharkhand state. NDA formed the government and Babu Lal Marandi took the oath of chief minister on 15 November 2000 on the birth anniversary of tribal leader Birsa Munda. Jharkhand GK Yearbook 2020

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Jammu & Kashmir Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Jammu & Kashmir Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for JKPSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State/UT in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

  1. Introduction of Jammu & Kashmir (Static GK)
  2. Current Affairs (whole year)

Jammu & Kashmir Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state/UT. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like JKPSC and Other Jammu & Kashmir PSC Civil services Exams across the State/UT. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams.

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Jammu & Kashmir based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State/UT.

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Jammu & Kashmir General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive. Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020

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Jammu Kashmir Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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Introduction of Jammu & Kashmir

Jammu and Kashmir was a region formerly administered by India as a state from 1954 to 2019, constituting the southern and southeastern portion of the larger Kashmir region, which has been the subject of a dispute between India, Pakistan and China since the mid-20th century. The underlying region of this state were parts of the former princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, whose western districts, now known as Azad Kashmir, and northern territories, now known as Gilgit-Baltistan, are administered by Pakistan. The Aksai Chin region in the east, bordering Tibet, has been under Chinese control since 1962.

After the Government of India repealed the special status accorded to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 of the Indian constitution in 2019, the Parliament of India passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, which contained provisions that dissolved the state and reorganised it into two union territories – Jammu and Kashmir in the west and Ladakh in the east, with effect from 31 October 2019. At the time of its dissolution, Jammu and Kashmir was the only state in India with a Muslim-majority population.

After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947–1948, the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir was divided between India (who controlled the regions of Jammu, Kashmir Valley and Ladakh) and Pakistan (who controlled Gilgit–Baltistan and Azad Kashmir). The Indian-administered territories elected a constituent assembly in 1951, which ratified the accession of the state to India in 1954.

In 1956–57, China constructed a road through the disputed Aksai Chin area of Ladakh. India’s belated discovery of this road culminated in the Sino-Indian War of 1962; China has since administered Aksai Chin. Following the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, India and Pakistan signed the Simla Agreement, recognising a Line of Control in Kashmir, and committing to a peaceful resolution of the dispute through bilateral negotiations. Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020

In August 2019, both houses of the Parliament of India passed resolutions to amend Article 370 and extend the Constitution of India in its entirety to the state, which was implemented as a constitutional order by the President of India. At the same time, the parliament also passed the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act, 2019, which contained provisions that dissolved the state of Jammu and Kashmir and established two new union territories: the eponymous union territory of Jammu and Kashmir, and that of Ladakh.

The reorganisation act was assented to by the President of India, and came into effect on 31 October 2019. Prior to these measures, the union government locked down the Kashmir Valley, increased security forces, imposed Section 144 that prevented assembly, and placed political leaders such as former Jammu and Kashmir chief ministers Omar Abdullah and Mehbooba Mufti under house arrest. Internet and phone services were also blocked.

The state of Jammu and Kashmir consisted of three divisions: the Jammu Division, the Kashmir Division and Ladakh which are further divided into 22 districts. The Siachen Glacier, while under Indian military control, did not lie under the administration of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. Kishtwar, Ramban, Reasi, Samba, Bandipora, Gander bal, Kulgam and Shopian were districts formed in 2008, and their areas are included with those of the districts from which they were formed.

Jammu and Kashmir was the only state in India which had special autonomy under Article 370 of the Constitution of India, according to which no law enacted by the Parliament of India, except for those in the field of defence, communication and foreign policy, would be extendable in Jammu and Kashmir unless it was ratified by the state legislature of Jammu and Kashmir. The state was able to define the permanent residents of the state who alone had the privilege to vote in state elections, the right to seek government jobs and the ability to own land or property in the state.

Jammu and Kashmir was the only Indian state to have its own official state flag, along with India’s national flag, in addition to a separate constitution. Designed by the then ruling National Conference, the flag of Jammu and Kashmir featured a plough on a red background symbolizing labour; it replaced the Maharaja’s state flag. The three stripes represented the three distinct administrative divisions of the state, namely Jammu, Valley of Kashmir, and Ladakh.

Jammu and Kashmir is home to several valleys such as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Poonch Valley, Sind Valley and Lidder Valley. The Kashmir valley is 100 km wide and 15,520.3 km2 in area. The Himalayas divide the Kashmir valley from the Tibetan plateau while the Pir Panjal range, which encloses the valley from the west and the south, separates it from the Great Plains of northern India. Along the northeastern flank of the Valley runs the main range of the Himalayas. This valley has an average height of 1,850 metres above sea-level, but the surrounding Pir Panjal range has an average elevation of 10,000 feet. The Jhelum River is the major Himalayan River which flows through the Kashmir valley. The Tawi, Ravi and Chenab are the major rivers flowing through the region.

The climate of Jammu and Kashmir varies greatly owing to its rugged topography. In the south around Jammu, the climate is typically monsoonal, though the region is sufficiently far west to average 40 to 50 mm (1.6 to 2 inches) of rain per months between January and March. In the hot season, Jammu city is very hot and can reach up to 40 °C (104 °F) whilst in July and August, very heavy though erratic rainfall occurs with monthly extremes of up to 650 millimetres (25.5 inches). In September, rainfall declines, and by October conditions are hot but extremely dry, with minimal rainfall and temperatures of around 29 °C (84 °F).

The state of Jammu and Kashmir was accorded special status by Article 370 of the Constitution of India. In contrast to other states of India, Jammu and Kashmir had its own constitution, flag and administrative autonomy. Indian citizens from other states were not allowed to purchase land or property in Jammu and Kashmir.

Jammu and Kashmir had three distinct areas: Hindu-majority Jammu region, Muslim-majority Kashmir Valley and Buddhist-dominated Ladakh. Unrest and violence persisted in the Kashmiri Valley and, following a disputed state election in 1987, an insurgency persisted in protest over autonomy and rights.

The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) came to power in the 2014 Indian general election and five years later included in their 2019 election manifesto the revocation of Article 370 of the Constitution of India, in order to bring Jammu and Kashmir to equal status with other states.

A resolution to repeal Article 370 was passed by both the houses of the Parliament of India in August 2019. At the same time, a reorganisation act was also passed, which would reconstitute the state into two union territories, Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh. The reorganisation took effect from 31 October 2019.

Article 370 and 35(A) Revoked

On 5th of August 2019, the President of India promulgated the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 2019.

The order effectively abrogates the special status accorded to Jammu and Kashmir under the provision of Article 370 – whereby provisions of the Constitution which were applicable to other states were not applicable to Jammu and Kashmir (J&K).

According to the Order, provisions of the Indian Constitution are now applicable in the State.

This Order comes into force “at once”, and shall “supersede the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954.”

A separate Bill – the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill 2019 – was introduced to bifurcate the State into two separate union territories of Jammu and Kashmir (with legislature), and Ladakh (without legislature).

Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Second Amendment) Bill, 2019 was also introduced to extend the reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) in educational institutions and government jobs in Jammu and Kashmir. Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020

Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020 - Article 370 and 35 A

J&K acceded to the Dominion of India after the Instrument of Accession was signed by Maharaja Hari Singh, the ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947.

Article 370 of the Indian Constitution provided that only Articles 1 and 370 itself would apply to J&K, The application of other Articles was to be determined by the President in consultation with the government of the state.

The Constitution Order of 1950 specified the matters on which the Union Parliament would be competent to make laws for J&K, in concurrence with the Instrument of Accession – 38 Subjects from the Union List were added.

The Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order, 1954 settled the constitutional relationship of J&K and the Union of India. It made the following provisions:

Indian citizenship and all related benefits (fundamental rights) were extended to the ‘permanent residents’ of Jammu and Kashmir.

Article 35A was added to the Constitution (empowering the state legislature to legislate on the privileges of permanent residents with regard to immovable property, settlement in the state and employment)

Article 370 – Features and Provisions

Present in part XXI of the Indian Constitution which comprises of Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions with rest to various states of India.

•Forms the basis of the “Special Status” of J&K

•Provides for a separate Constitution of J&K

•Limits the Union Parliament’s power to make laws for J&K to those subjects mentioned in the Instrument of Accession (defense, foreign affairs, and communications) and others as and when declared by the Presidential Orders with the concurrence of the Government of the State. Jammu Kashmir Yearbook 2020

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UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Part-2

Daily News Prescription – 23 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 23 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-23 January 2020. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020. Daily News 23 January

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Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Exams 2020

GS2: Governance

Return of bonds (TH) The Supreme Court must give an expeditious decision on the validity of electoral bonds

GS2: International Relations

India, Brazil to sign Strategic Action Plan (TH) India and Brazil will upgrade their strategic partnership with an “action plan” and sign a Bilateral Investment Treaty (BIT

India, Brazil to sign Strategic Action Plan (TH)  According to officials involved in the planning of the visit, the two countries hope to take their partnership to ‘the next level’ and build on the relationship between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and President Bolsonaro, who met twice in 2019.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Prime Minister of Nepal K P Sharma Oli jointly Inaugurate Integrated Check Post at Jogbani-Biratnagar (PIB) Jogbani – Biratnagar is an important trade point between the two countries. The ICP is equipped with modern facilities.

Oli seeks resolution of all pending issues with India (Mint) Analysts say Oli’s reference includes a border dispute along the India-Nepal border close to China

GS3: Infrastructure

Producers feel the heat as power distribution losses widen (mint) At least 10 states are losing about a third of the power supplied to their consumers in distribution losses.

GS3: Science and Technology

India, co-builder of Hawaii telescope, wants it shifted out of proposed site (TH) The $2 billion project , a joint venture involving five countries, has been marred by protests for over a decade; proposed site is considered sacred to the island’s indigenous people.

GS2: Governance

SC refuses to stay citizenship law without hearing the govt. (TH) CJI says it is “uppermost in everybody’s minds”, indicates referring CAA challenge to Constitution Bench.

Centre seeks guidelines on the execution of convicts (TH)  Ministry of Home Affairs moves court appealing for a deadline of seven days.

Ending inaction (TH) The Supreme Court ends Speakers’ freedom to do nothing in disqualification cases

GS2: Social issues

India drops 10 ranks in Democracy Index (TH) The survey attributes the primary cause of “the democratic regression” to “an erosion of civil liberties in the country”.

GS2: International Relations

Cabinet approves pact with Brazil on legal cooperation (TH) The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved an agreement on bilateral legal and criminal cooperation

Cabinet approves agreement between India and Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (PIB) Cabinet approves agreement between India and Brazil on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters.

Cabinet approves signing of MoU between Brazil and India for bilateral cooperation in the field of early childhood (PIB) It will strengthen the bonds of friendship between the two countries and increase bilateral cooperation on the issues of early childhood care.

GS3: Science and Technology

Meet Vyom Mitra, first Indian ‘woman’ to ride to space (TH) The half-humanoid will simulate human functions before real astronauts take off.

GS3: Environment

India achieves complete phase-out of one the most potent ozone-depleting chemical (PIB) India has successfully achieved the complete phase-out of Hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b, which is a chemical used by foam manufacturing enterprises and one of the most potent ozone-depleting chemical after Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs).(HCFC)-141 b is used mainly as a blowing agent in the production of rigid polyurethane (PU) foams.

Some Other Useful Links:

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Important Topics: UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Study Material:Part-1 – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Part-2

Current Affairs Year Book 2020

Daily News Prescription – 22 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 22 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-22 January 2020. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020. Daily News 22 January

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Disqualification Powers of Speakers

The Supreme Court has recently held that disqualification petitions under the tenth schedule should be adjudicated by a mechanism outside Parliament or Legislative Assemblies.The Court has suggested a permanent tribunal headed by a retired Supreme Court judge or a former High Court Chief Justice as a new mechanism. This would require an amendment to the Constitution. Daily News 22 January

Currently, disqualification of members of a House/Assembly is referred to the Speaker of the House/Assembly.

However, for the present, the court said the Speakers should decide Tenth Schedule disqualifications within a “reasonable period”. What is ‘reasonable’ would depend on the facts of each case.

The Court held that unless there are “exceptional circumstances”, disqualification petitions under the Tenth Schedule should be decided by Speakers within three months.

Logic behind the Supreme Court’s Judgement

  • The Supreme Court questioned why a Speaker, who is a member of a particular political party and an insider in the House, should be the “sole and final arbiter” in the disqualification of a political defector.
  • For that matter, it asked why disqualification proceedings under the Tenth Schedule should be kept in-house and not be given to an “outside” authority. It reasoned that even the final authority for removal of a judge is outside the judiciary and in Parliament.
  • The Court held that only swift and impartial disqualification of defectors would give “real teeth” to the Tenth Schedule. Daily News 22 January

Disqualification under the Tenth Schedule

  • The Anti-Defection Law was passed in 1985 through the 52nd amendment to the Constitution. It added the Tenth Schedule to the Indian Constitution. The main intent of the law was to combat “the evil of political defections”.
  • According to it, a member of a House belonging to any political party becomes disqualified for being a member of the House, if
    • He voluntarily gives up his membership of such political party; or
    • He votes or abstains from voting in such House contrary to any direction issued by his political party without obtaining prior permission of such party and such act has not been condoned by the party within 15 days.

32nd interaction of PRAGATI held: Rs 24,000 crores worth projects discussed

On 22 January, 2020, PM Modi chaired the 32nd PRAGATI meet. Under the Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation, the Prime Minister reviewed projects that are being implemented by the union government and their progress.

The Prime Minister discussed 24 projects that were of worth Rs 24,000 crores at the meet. The projects were spread over 9 states namely Telangana, Odisha, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Jharkhand, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Kerala. It included three projects from Ministry of Railways, one from Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and five from Ministry of Road Transport.

Also, the projects under Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana, Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Systems and Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana were discussed

Crime and Criminal Tracking Network Tracking System (CCTNS)

The CCTNS was established in 2009 to create comprehensive and integrated system for effective e-governance. It will interconnect 15,000 police stations and digitize data related to FIR registrations. This aids in developing a national database of criminals and crimes.

Previous PRGATI outcomes:

At the 31st PRAGATI interactions, projects worth 12 lakh crores were reviewed. It also discussed grievances of Indian citizens working abroad, Aspirational District Programme, National Agricultural Market and infrastructural development programmes. Around 9 projects that were of 61,000 crores of rupees were taken up for discussion. It included Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir as well.

PRAGATI

PRAGATI was launched by PM Modi in March 2015. It is an interactive platform to address grievances of common people. The issues faced by the implementing agencies are uploaded in the platform on third Wednesday every month.

World Employment and Social Outlook -Trends 2020: ILO

Recently, the International Labour Organisation (ILO) has released the World Employment and Social Outlook: Trends 2020 (WESO) report.

  • The annual WESO Trends report analyses key labour market issues, including unemployment, labour underutilisation, working poverty, income inequality, labour income share and factors that exclude people from decent work.

Key Points

  • Global Unemployment:
    • The number of people unemployed around the world stands at some 188 million.
    • Some 267 million young people aged 15-24 are not in employment, education or training, and many more endure substandard working condition.
  • Working Poverty:
    • Working poverty is defined as earning less than USD 3.20 per day in purchasing power parity terms.
    • It affects more than 630 million workers or one in five of the global working population.
  • Unpaid Work:
    • 165 million people do not have enough paid work, and 120 million have either given up actively searching for work or otherwise lack access to the labour market.
    • Almost half a billion people are working fewer paid hours than they would like or lack adequate access to paid work.
  • Future Status of Global Unemployment:
    • It is projected to increase by around 2.5 million in 2020. Though, global unemployment has been roughly stable for the last nine years.
    • Moderate or extreme working poverty is expected to increase in 2020-21 in developing countries, increasing the obstacles to achieving Sustainable Development Goal 1 on eradicating poverty everywhere by 2030.

Round-table of UNAIDS

Recently, the high-level roundtable of the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) was held at the World Economic Forum at Davos, Switzerland.

Its theme was, “Access for all: Leveraging Innovations, Investments and Partnerships for Health”.

It laid emphasis on accessibility of health to all with innovative technologies and solutions and also on bridging economic inequalities.

Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS

It is leading the global effort to end Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) as a public health threat by 2030 as part of the Sustainable Development Goals. It was started in 1996.

UNAIDS has a vision of zero new HIV infections, zero discrimination and zero AIDS-related deaths, and a principle of leaving no one behind.

The UN Political declaration on ending AIDS was adopted in 2016 which seeks to end AIDS as a public health threat by 2030.

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

It is a set of symptoms or syndrome caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) but it is not necessary that a person infected with HIV will definitely develop AIDS.

A person infected with HIV is likely to develop symptoms of AIDS over a period of time when his/her immune system is too weak to fight HIV infection.

This is the last stage of HIV when the infection is very advanced and if left untreated will lead to death.

A person with HIV whose CD4 (a type of White Blood Cell called T cells) count falls below 200 per cubic millimetre is diagnosed with AIDS.

The risk of HIV progressing to AIDS varies widely between individuals and depends on many factors including:

  • The age of the individual
  • The body’s ability to defend against HIV
  • Access to high quality sanitary healthcare
  • Presence of other infections
  • Individual’s genetic resistance to certain strains of HIV
  • Drug-Resistant strains of HIV
  • Prevention includes safe sex, testing and counselling for HIV, voluntary medical male circumcision among other things.

India Nepal inaugurate new check post, Jogbani-Biratnagar at the border

On January 21, 2020, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Nepalese PM Oli inaugurated an integrated check post (ICP) at Jogbani-Biratnagar. This is the second check post that is being built at the border with Indian Assistance. Daily News 22 January

The aim of the new integrated check post is to facilitate trade and movement of people across the border. The check post was built under assistance of India. India helped in the construction based on its “Neighbourhood First Policy”. The check post was built over 260 acres with Indian assistance of Rs 140 crores.

The first integrated check post of the countries was built at Raxaul-Birgunj in 2018.

Significance

The check posts ensure better border management for the movement of passenger and cargo. They will also help to boost 7 billion USD trade between the countries.

What is Integrated Check Post?

Integrated Check Posts are trade facilitation centres at borders of India. The centres help boost bilateral trade and also help to improve movement of passengers in the border. This helps to generate employment, developing the area surrounding the check post. Ultimately, it helps in overall growth of the economy.

There are 7 Integrated Check Posts in India. The GoI is planning to construct 14 more ICP and 13 Land Customs Stations. The India-Pakistan ICP is located in the states of Punjab and Rajasthan. The following are the other ICPs in the border located at the corresponding states

•        India-Nepal-Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal and Uttarakhand.

•        India-Myanmar-Manipur and Mizoram

•        India-Bhutan-West Bengal

•        India-Bangladesh-Assam, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and West Bengal.

Start Up India-first time in Republic Parade; Indian Navy

The Department of Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) operating under Ministry of Commerce and Industry is to showcase tableau on Start Up India at the Republic Day Parade to be held at Rajpath, New Delhi. The tableau is to be held under the theme

Theme: Reach for the sky

This is the first time Start Up India is participating at the Parade.

The following are to be represented at the parade:

  • The Tableau will showcase the stages of life cycle of a start-up
  • The front of the tableau depicts creative mind, middle represents kinds of support that are being provided to start ups by the GoI and wheel will depict sectors of Indian Economy that have driven growth employment generation.

The Map of India is to represent the spread of start-up India scheme

According to DPIIT, around 26,000 startups have been recognized. It has reached 551 districts in 28 states. Today, the startup initiative attracts global investments and has created more than 2, 91,000 jobs.

The Indian Navy is to showcase its tableau at the Republic Day parade under the theme

Theme: Indian Navy-Silent, Strong and Swift

It is with the same theme the Indian Navy week was celebrated. It will showcase the fire power of Navy in all three dimensions namely sub-surface, surface and air. The Kalvari class submarine, Harpoon missiles, MiG 29K fighter jets are to be part of the Tableau. Daily News 22 January

Proposal to Change Location of TMT

India, a partner in the construction of Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT), has requested that the project be moved out of the proposed site at Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano in Hawaii, USA.

Key Points:

  • India’s Proposal for Changing the Location:
    • The TMT has been a litigious site since 2014. The project has not made any progress because of regular obstructions.
    • The proposed site is considered sacred to indigenous Hawaiians, and already has too many observatories in the region.
  • Alternate Site:
    • The proposed alternate site to locate the telescope is the Observatorio del Roque de los Muchachos (ORM) on La Palma in the Canary Islands, Spain.
  • Reasons for Choosing Mauna Kea Initially:
    • Mauna Kea in Hawaii is considered a superior site for telescope establishment because it offers best imaging possibilities, stable weather.
    • Additionally, it also has the necessary infrastructure to manage telescopes as it already hosts several telescopes.
  • India’s Role in TMT:
    • India has committed $200 million, which is about a tenth of the proposed cost.
    • The telescope needs 492 precisely polished mirrors and India is to contribute 83 of them.
    • India, in 2020 stands to get 10% of the available slots. As the level of contribution determines the amount of viewing time, or slots, that the member-countries’ scientists get on the machine.

Thirty Metre Telescope

  • The Thirty Metre Telescope (TMT) will enable scientists to study fainter objects in the universe, which gives information about early stages of evolution of the universe.
  • It will also allow seeing deeper into space and observing cosmic objects with unprecedented sensitivity.
  • With its 30 m prime mirror diameter, TMT will be three times as wide, with nine times more area than the largest currently existing visible-light telescope in the world.
  • The Thirty Metre Telescope is a joint venture (JV) involving following countries namely, USA, Japan, China, India and Canada.

Women Power at Republic Day parade: Tania Shergill and CRPF bikers

The Republic Day parade held at Rajpath every year is one of the largest parades of the world. The parade marches from Rashtrapati Bhawan along Rajpath until India Gate. This year the parade has certain events to express the woman power in the defence sector.

Tania Shergill

In 2020 republic day parade, Tania Shergill becomes the first woman officer to lead all-men contingent. The Contingent was commissioned in March 2017 from Officer Training Academy, Chennai.

First Women CRPF Bikers

All women biker contingent of the Central Reserve Police Force will make their debut showcasing daredevil stunts at the Republic Day parade. The team consists of 65 women CRPF personnel and will display their acrobatic skills on Royal Enfield Bullet motorcycles.

The Contingent is to be commanded by inspector of Rapid Action Force. Rapid Action Force is an anti-riot combat unit of Central Reserve Police Force. CRPF is the world’s largest paramilitary forces with more than 3.25 lakh personnel.

Other firsts of woman power

The CRPF raised the first all women battalion in Asia region in 1986. In 2018, the all women bikers team of the Border Security Force made a similar debut. In 2015, an all women marching contingents of navy, army and air force debuted the national parade. Daily News 22 January

Daily News 22 January - Current Affairs Year Book 2020

Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for HPPSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020

Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like HPPSC and Other Himachal Pradesh State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Himachal Pradesh based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.

Why should you buy this Book?

Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, HPPSC and Other PSC exams and across the State.

Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting.

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Himachal Pradesh General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

1. Introduction of Himachal Pradesh (Static GK)

2. Current Affairs (whole year)

3. Practice MCQ

Click Here To download

Himachal Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Demo/Preview

Introduction of Himachal Pradesh

Himachal Pradesh is a state in the northern part of India. Situated in the Western Himalayas, it is bordered by union territories of Jammu and Kashmir and Ladakh on the north, Punjab state on the west, Haryana state on the southwest, Uttarakhand state on the southeast, and Tibet region on the east. At its southernmost point, it also touches the state of Uttar Pradesh. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020

Some Important Facts
Area 55,673 km2
Total population 6,864,602
Males 3,481,873
Females 3,382,729
Population density 123
Sex ratio 972
Rural population 6,176,050
Urban population 688,552
Scheduled Caste population 1,729,252
Scheduled Tribe population 392,126
Literacy rate 83.78%
Male literacy 90.83%
Female literacy 76.60%
Capitals 2
Districts 12
Sub-divisions 71
Tehsils 169
Sub-tehsils 38
Developmental blocks 78
Towns 59
Panchayats 3,243
Panchayat samiti 77
Zila parishad 12
Urban local bodies 59
Nagar nigams 2
Nagar parishads 25
Nagar panchayats 23
Census villages 20,690
Inhabited villages 17,882
Health institutions 3,866
Educational institutions 17,000
Motorable roads 33,722 km
National highways 8
Identified hydroelectric potential 23,000.43 MW in five rivers basins i.e. (Yamuna, Satluj, Beas, Ravi, Chenab and Himurja)
Potential harnessed 10,264 MW
Food grain production 1579,000 tonnes
Vegetable production 900,000 tonnes
Fruit production 1,027,000 tonnes
Per capita income ₹158,462 (2017–18)
Social Security pensions 237,250 persons, annual expenditure: over ₹ 600 million
Investment in industrial areas ₹ 273.80 billion, employment opportunities: Over 337,391

The predominantly mountainous region comprising the present day Himachal Pradesh has been inhabited since pre-historic times having witnessed multiple waves of human migration from other areas. Through its history, the region was mostly ruled by local kingdoms some of which accepted suzerainty of larger empires. Prior to India’s independence from the British, Himachal comprised the hilly regions of Punjab Province of British India. After independence, many of the hilly territories were organised as the Chief Commissioner’s province of Himachal Pradesh which later became a union territory. In 1966, hilly areas of neighbouring Punjab state were merged into Himachal and it was ultimately granted full statehood in 1971.

Himachal Pradesh is spread across valleys with many perennial rivers flowing through them. Almost 90% of the state’s population lives in rural areas. Agriculture, horticulture, hydropower and tourism are important constituents of the state’s economy. The hilly state is almost universally electrified with 99.5% of the households having electricity as of 2016. The state was declared India’s second open-defecation-free state in 2016. According to a survey of CMS – India Corruption Study 2017, Himachal Pradesh is India’s least corrupt state.

Tribes such as the Koli, Hali, Dagi, Dhaugri, Dasa, Khasa, Kanaura, and Kirat inhabited the region from the prehistoric era. The foothills of the modern state of Himachal Pradesh were inhabited by people from the Indus valley civilisation which flourished between 2250 and 1750 B.C. The Kols or Mundas are believed to be the original migrants to the hills of present-day Himachal Pradesh followed by the Bhotas and Kiratas.

During the Vedic period, several small republics known as Janapada existed which were later conquered by the Gupta Empire, after a brief period of supremacy by King Harshavardhana, the region was divided into several local powers headed by chieftains, including some Rajput principalities. These kingdoms enjoyed a large degree of independence and were invaded by Delhi Sultanate a number of times. Mahmud Ghaznavid conquered Kangra at the beginning of the 11th century. Timur and Sikander Lodi also marched through the lower hills of the state and captured a number of forts and fought many battles. Several hill states acknowledged Mughal suzerainty and paid regular tribute to the Mughals.

The Kingdom of Gorkha conquered many kingdoms and came to power in Nepal in 1768. They consolidated their military power and began to expand their territory. Gradually, the Kingdom of Nepal annexed Sirmour and Shimla. Under the leadership of Amar Singh Thapa, the Nepali army laid siege to Kangra. They managed to defeat Sansar Chand Katoch, the ruler of Kangra, in 1806 with the help of many provincial chiefs. However, the Nepali army could not capture Kangra fort which came under Maharaja Ranjeet Singh in 1809. After the defeat, they expanded towards the south of the state. However, Raja Ram Singh, Raja of Siba State, captured the fort of Siba from the remnants of Lahore Darbar in Samvat 1846, during the First Anglo-Sikh War.

They came into direct conflict with the British along the tarai belt after which the British expelled them from the provinces of the Satluj. The British gradually emerged as the paramount power in the region. In the revolt of 1857, or first Indian war of independence, arising from a number of grievances against the British, the people of the hill states were not as politically active as were those in other parts of the country. They and their rulers, with the exception of Bushahr, remained more or less inactive. Some, including the rulers of Chamba, Bilaspur, Bhagal and Dhami, rendered help to the British government during the revolt.

The British territories came under the British Crown after Queen Victoria’s proclamation of 1858. The states of Chamba, Mandi and Bilaspur made good progress in many fields during the British rule. During World War I, virtually all rulers of the hill states remained loyal and contributed to the British war effort, both in the form of men and materials. Among these were the states of Kangra, Jaswan, Datarpur, Guler, Rajgarh, Nurpur, Chamba, Suket, Mandi, and Bilaspur. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020

After independence, the Chief Commissioner’s Province of Himachal Pradesh was organised on 15 April 1948 as a result of the integration of 28 petty princely states in the promontories of the western Himalayas. These were known as the Simla Hills States and four Punjab southern hill states under the Himachal Pradesh (Administration) Order, 1948 under Sections 3 and 4 of the Extra-Provincial Jurisdiction Act, 1947. The State of Bilaspur was merged into Himachal Pradesh on 1 July 1954 by the Himachal Pradesh and Bilaspur (New State) Act, 1954.

Himachal became a Part ‘C’ state on 26 January 1950 with the implementation of the Constitution of India and the Lieutenant Governor was appointed. The Legislative Assembly was elected in 1952. Himachal Pradesh became a union territory on 1 November 1956. Some areas of Punjab State— namely Simla, Kangra, Kullu and Lahul and Spiti Districts, Nalagarh Tehsil of Ambala District, Lohara, Amb and Una Janungo circles, some area of Santokhgarh Kanungo circle and some other specified area of Una Tehsil of Hoshiarpur District, besides some parts of Dhar Kalan Kanungo circle of Pathankot tehsil of Gurdaspur District—were merged with Himachal Pradesh on 1 November 1966 on enactment by Parliament of the Punjab Reorganisation Act, 1966. On 18 December 1970, the State of Himachal Pradesh Act was passed by Parliament, and the new state came into being on 25 January 1971. Himachal became the 18th state of the Indian Union with Dr. Yashwant Singh Parmar as its first chief minister. Himachal Pradesh Yearbook 2020

Demo – Current Affairs

International Lavi fair being organised in Himachal Pradesh

Rising Himachal Global Investors’ Meet 2019

Renukaji Multipurpose Dam Project

Himachal Pradesh celebrates its 49th full Statehood day

1st Mega Food Park of Himachal Pradesh

Nomadic Elephant 2019

Himachal Pradesh Assembly passed a Bill to make Sanskrit as the second official language of the state

Mukhya Mantri Seva Sankalp Helpline

Indian Army Team Summit Mt. Leo Pargyil

Two new species of Freshwater Fish found

Himachal Pradesh government declared Monkeys as vermin

14th Edition of Annual Sino-Indian Border Trade opens at Nathu La

Tashigang becomes the World’s highest Polling station

Vulnerability Study by the Himalayan States

Al Nagah III Joint Military Exercise

…………….Many More…………….

Some Other Useful Links:

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40 : IAS Test Series – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

Important Topics: UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Study Material:Part-1 – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Part-2

Haryana Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

Haryana GK Yearbook 2020: It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Haryana Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for HPSC State PSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. Haryana Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

Haryana Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like HPSC and Other Haryana State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Haryana based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.

Why should you buy this Book?

Haryana GK Yearbook 2020: Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, HPSC and Other PSC exams and across the State.

Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting.

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Haryana General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

  Haryana Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

1. Introduction of Haryana (Static GK)

2. Current Affairs (whole year)

3. Practice MCQ

Click Here To Download

Haryana GK Yearbook 2020 - HPSC Haryana Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 - Haryana General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

Demo

Introduction of Haryana

Haryana is one of the 28 states in India, located in northern part of the country. It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on linguistic as well as on cultural basis. It is ranked 22nd in terms of area with less than 1.4% (44,212 km2) of India’s land area. Chandigarh is the state capital, Faridabad in National Capital Region is the most populous city of the state and Gurugram is a leading financial hub of NCR with major Fortune 500 companies located in it. Haryana has 6 administrative divisions, 22 districts, 72 sub-divisions, 93 revenue tehsils, 50 sub-tehsils, 140 community development blocks, 154 cities and towns, 6,848 villages and 6222 villages’ panchayats.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 44,212 km 2 (17,070 sq mi)
2 Population 25,353,081
3 The rank of the state Area wise:- 21st
Population wise:- 18th
4 Population Density 573/km2 (1,480/sq mi)
5 State Bounded By Himachal Pradesh from North Uttrakhand from North East Rajasthan from the South U.P and Delhi from East Punjab from North West
6 Soil & Minerals Alluvial Soil
7 Major Crops Wheat Rice Sugarcane Cotton Legume
8 Forest Area 1586 Sq. km
9 Climate arid to semi-arid
10 Major Flora Mulberry,  Eucalyptus, Pine, Keekar
11 Major Fauna Black Buck, nilgai, fox, Panther

Among the world’s oldest and largest ancient civilizations, the Indus Valley Civilization sites at Rakhigarhi village in Hisar district and Bhirrana in Fatehabad district are 9,000 years old. Rich in history, monuments, heritage, flora and fauna, human resources and tourism with well developed economy, national highways and state roads, it is bordered by Himachal Pradesh to the north-east, by river Yamuna along its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh, by Rajasthan to the west and south, and Ghaggar-Hakra River flows along its northern border with Punjab. Since Haryana surrounds the country’s capital Delhi on three sides (north, west and south), consequently a large area of Haryana is included in the economically-important National Capital Region for the purposes of planning and development. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020

Ancient bronze and stone idols of Jain Tirthankara were found in archaeological expeditions in Badli, Bhiwani, Dadri, Gurgaon (Ferozepur Jhirka), Hansi, Hisar, Kasan, Nahad, Narnaul, Pehowa, Rewari, Rohad, Rohtak and Sonepat in Haryana.

After the sack of Bhatner fort during the Timurid conquests of India in 1398, Timur attacked and sacked the cities of Sirsa, Fatehabad, Sunam, Kaithal and Panipat. When he reached the town of Sarsuti (Sirsa), the residents, who were mostly non-Muslims, fled and were chased by a detachment of Timur’s troops, with thousands of them being killed and looted by the troops.

From there he travelled to Fatehabad, whose residents fled and a large number of those remaining in the town were massacred. The Ahirs resisted him at Ahruni but were defeated, with thousands being killed and many being taken prisoners while the town was burnt to ashes. From there he travelled to Tohana, whose Jat inhabitants were stated to be robbers according to Sharaf ad-Din Ali Yazdi. They tried to resist but were defeated and fled. Timur’s army pursued and killed 200 Jats, while taking many more as prisoners. He then sent a detachment to chase the fleeing Jats and killed 2,000 of them while their wives and children were enslaved and their property plundered. Timur proceeded to Kaithal whose residents were massacred and plundered, destroying all villages along the way. On the next day, he came to Assandh whose residents were “fire-worshippers” according to Yazdi, and had fled to Delhi. Next, he travelled to and subdued Tughlaq pur fort and Salwan before reaching Panipat whose residents had already fled. He then marched on to Loni fort. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020

Haryana as a state came into existence on 1 November 1966 the Punjab Reorganisation Act (1966). The Indian government set up the Shah Commission under the chairmanship of Justice JC Shah on 23 April 1966 to divide the existing state of Punjab and determine the boundaries of the new state of Haryana after consideration of the languages spoken by the people. The commission delivered its report on 31 May 1966 whereby the then-districts of Hisar, Mahendragarh, Gurgaon, Rohtak and Karnal were to be a part of the new state of Haryana. Further, the tehsils of Jind and Narwana in the Sangrur district — along with Naraingarh, Ambala and Jagadhri — were to be included. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020

The commission recommended that the tehsil of Kharad, which includes Chandigarh, the state capital of Punjab, should be a part of Haryana. However, only a small portion of Kharad was given to Haryana. The city of Chandigarh was made a union territory, serving as the capital of both Punjab and Haryana.

Haryana is a landlocked state in northern India. It is between 27°39′ to 30°35′ N latitude and between 74°28′ and 77°36′ E longitude. The total geographical area of the state is 4.42 m ha, which is 1.4% of the geographical area of the country. The altitude of Haryana varies between 700 and 3600 ft above sea level. Haryana has only 4% (compared to national 21.85%) area under forests. Karoh Peak, a 1,467-metre tall mountain peak in the Sivalik Hills range of the greater Himalayas range located near Morni Hill area of Panchkula district, is highest point in Haryana.

The Yamuna-Ghaggar plain forming the largest part of the state is also called Delhi doab consisting of Sutlej-Ghaggar doab (between Sutlej in north in Punjab and Ghaggar river flowing through northern Haryana), Ghaggar-Hakra doab (between Ghaggar river and Hakra or Drishadvati river which is the palaeochannels of the holy Sarasvati River) and Hakra-Yamuna doab (between Hakra river and Yamuna). The Lower Shivalik Hills to the northeast in foothills of Himalaya, The Bagar tract semi-desert dry sandy plain to the south-west. See also: Bangar and Khadir. The Aravali Range’s northernmost low rise isolated non-continuous outcrops in the south. Haryana GK Yearbook 2020

Forest cover in the state in 2013 was 3.59% (1586 km2) and the Tree Cover in the state was 2.90% (1282 km2), giving a total forest and tree cover of 6.49%. In 2016-17, 18,412 hectares were brought under tree cover by planting 14.1 million seedlings. Thorny, dry, deciduous forest and thorny shrubs can be found all over the state. During the monsoon, a carpet of grass covers the hills. Mulberry, eucalyptus, pine, kikar, shisham and babul are some of the trees found here. The species of fauna found in the state of Haryana include black buck, nilgai, panther, fox, mongoose, jackal and wild dog. More than 450 species of birds are found in Haryana;

Historical events of Haryana

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 1st November 1966
2. Also Known As “The land of God”
3. Ruled By Maurya, Mughals and Afghans
4. Major Historical Events The First Battle of Panipat in 1526 (Babur defeated the Lodis). The Second Battle of Panipat in 1556 (The local Haryanvi Hindu Emperor of Delhi was defeated by Akbar) The Third Battle of Panipat in 1761 (The Afghan king Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas).
Archaeological Monuments/Sites
Archaeological Monuments/Sites Near/place
Khwaja Khizr Tomb Sonipat
Ancient Mound(Bhirrana) Fatehabad
Shishmahal Gurugram
Dehra Temple Ferozepur Jhirka
Pranpir Badshah’s Tomb Hisar
Asigarh Fort (Char Qutub Dargah) Hansi
Firoz Shah Palace Complex(Jahaj Kothi) Hisar
Tomb of Sheikh Tayyab Kaithal
Mughal Bridge Karnal
Harsh Ka Tilla Kurukshetra
Mosque of Pir Turkman and Tomb Narnaul
Tripolia Gateway Narnaul
Shobha Sagar Talab Narnaul
Chatta Rai Bal Mukund Das Narnaul
Mirza Alijan’s Takhat and Baoli Narnaul, Mahendergarh
Sugh Ancient Mound Yamunanagar
Jarasandha-Ka-Qila Karnal
Mugal Kos Minar Sonipat
Shahjahan Ki Baoli Rohtak
Ibrahim Lodi’s Tomb Panipat
Kabuli Bagh Mosque Panipat
Narnaul Jal Mahal Narnaul
Sheikh Chilli’s Tomb Thanesar
Karnal Cantonment Church Tower Karnal
Gharuanda Gateways of Old Mughal Sarai Gharaunda
Barsi gate Hansi
Surajkund Masonry Faridabad
Nabha House Kurukshetra
Major River and Dams
River Dams
Ghaggar-Hakra Masani Barrage
Dangri Hathni Kund Barrage
Dohan Kaushalya Dam
Chautang nangpur Dam
Kaushalya Ottu Barrage
Markanda Palla Barrage
Indori Pathrala Barrage
Krishnavati Tajewala Barrage

DemoCurrent Affairs

Atal Bhujal Yojana gets Cabinet Approval

Haryana Police adopts unique barcoding software ‘Trakea’

“National Organic Festival of Women Entrepreneurs”

Integrated Command and Control Centre inaugurated in Haryana

NuGen Mobility Summit-2019 being held in Haryana

Haryana Government sets up new Foreign Cooperation Department

Bhavantar Bharpayee Yojna Scheme: Haryana

AYUSH Health and Wellness Centres

Indian Cities and Air Pollution

11 projects to revive mythical Saraswati River

Renukaji Multipurpose Dam Project

ESIC Medical College and Hospital was inaugurated in Faridabad

National Institute of Ayurveda was laid in Panchkula by Prime Minister

Foundation stone of ‘Battles of Panipat Museum’

Voter Park in Gurugram

Haryana launches Krishi Kiosk for farmers

Meri Fasal Mera Byora’ portal

Mukhya Mantri Parivar Samridhi Yojna

‘Institution of Eminence’ Status

National Cancer Institute (NIC) at Badhsa in Jhajjar district of Haryana.

Kapil Dev appointed as first chancellor of Rai Sports University

Vinesh Phogat clinches gold in 2019 Poland Open wrestling

Many More…+ Practice MCQ also covered in this Ebook…..

Some Other Useful Links:

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40 : IAS Test Series – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

Important Topics: UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Study Material:Part-1 – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Part-2

GPSC Gujarat Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Gujarat Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for GPSC and other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. GPSC Gujarat Yearbook 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

Gujarat Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

1. Introduction of Gujarat

2. Current Affairs (Whole Year)

3. Practice MCQ

Gujarat Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. GPSC Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams across the state. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams.

GPSC Gujarat Yearbook 2020: Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Gujarat based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.

Why should you buy this Book?

Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, and Other exams across the Gujarat State.

Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting.

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Gujarat General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive.

GPSC Gujarat Yearbook 2020 - Gujarat Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 GPSC Exams

Click Here To Download

Demo

Introduction of Gujarat

Gujarat is a state on the western coast of India with a coastline of 1,600 km– most of which lays on the Kathiawar peninsula – and a population in excess of 60 million. It is the fifth largest Indian state by area and the ninth largest state by population. Gujarat is bordered by Rajasthan to the northeast, Daman and Diu to the south, Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Maharashtra to the southeast, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani province of Sindh to the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its largest city is Ahmedabad. The Gujarati-speaking people of India are indigenous to the state. GPSC Gujarat Yearbook 2020

The state encompasses some sites of the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, such as Lothal, Dholavira and Gola Dhoro. Lothal is believed to be one of the world’s first seaports. Gujarat’s coastal cities, chiefly Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and trading centres in the Maurya and Gupta empires, and during the succession of royal Saka dynasties from the Western Satraps era. Along with Bihar and Nagaland, Gujarat is one of the three Indian states to prohibit the sale of alcohol. Gir Forest National Park in Gujarat is home of the only wild population of the Asiatic lion in the world.

The population of Gujarat was 60,383,628 (31,491,260 males and 28,948,432 females) according to the 2011 census data. The population density is 308 sq km, lower than other Indian states. As per the census of 2011, the state has a sex ratio of 918 girls for every 1000 boys, one of the lowest (23 Ranked) amongst the 28 (earlier 29 States but Jammu and Kashmir became Union Territory from Oct 31, 2019) states in India.

Important Facts
Capital &
Major Cities
Gandhinagar
– Ahmedabad
– Surat
– Rajkot
– Bhuj
– Dwarka
– Vadodara
Districts 33
Formed
on
Mahagujarat Andolan
demanded creation of state of Gujarat for Gujarati-speaking people from the bilingual Bombay state. Resulted in the formation of Gujarat and Maharashtra on 1 May 1960.
Official
Language
Gujarati
Known as/for – Jewel of Western India
– Manchester of the East
– Has longest coastline of 1,600 Km.
– Largest producer of cotton in India
– Highest producer of salt in India
– Largest producer of groundnut in India
– Gulf of Khambat-older than the ancient Harappan civilization dates back around 4,000 years.
Physical
Characteristics
4 geographical regions:
– Kathiawar or Saurashtra
– Kachchh
– Rann of Kachchh
– Gujarat Plain Drier in the north
Natural
Vegetation
Tropical thorny vegetation
Major
Rivers
– Sabarmati
towards Gulf of Cambay from Dhebar Lake.
Narmada (Rewa) 
flows from Narmada Kund to the Gulf of Khambat.
Tapti (Tapi)
flows from Multai to the Gulf of Khambhat.
Major
Regional
Festivals
– Navratri
– Uttarayan
– Bhadra Purnima
Major Art
Forms
– Garba
– Dandia Raas
Industry – Chemical fertilizers
– Petrochemicals
– Pharmaceuticals
– Polyester textiles
– Handicrafts
– Cotton textiles
– Cement
– Vegetable oil
Minerals Agate, Bauxite, Dolomite, fire clay, China clay, fluorite, Fuller’s earth, kaolin, Lignite, limestone, Chalk, Calcareous sea sand, Petroleum and natural gas, Silica sand, Pelite
Agriculture Bajra, Jowar, Rice,Wheat,Tobacco, Cotton, Groundnut, Linseed, Sugarcane, Cumin, Isabgul (Psyllium husk), Mangoes and Bananas
Geographical
Indications
Sankheda Furniture, Agates of Cambay, Kutch Embroidery, Tangaliya Shawl, Surat Zari Craft, Gir Kesar Mango, Bhalia Wheat, Kachchh ShaWS, Patan Patola
State Animal Asiatic lion
State Bird Greater flamingo
State Flower Marigold
State Tree Mango
World
Heritage
Sites
Champaner
-Pavagadh Archaeological Park, Rani ki vav at Patan (The Queen’s Stepwell)
Biodiversity
Hotspots
Western Ghats
Bird
Sanctuaries
Nalsarovar BS, Gaga WS, Khijadiya BS, Kutch Sanctuary, Porbandar BS, Thol Lake.
National
Parks
Blackbuck NP Gir Forest NP Marine NP Gulf of Kutch Vansda NP
Biosphere
Reserve
Kachchh
Wildlife
Sanctuaries
– Balaram Ambaji WS
– Barda WS
– Gaga Great Indian Bustard WS
– Gir  WS
– Girnar WS
– Hingolgadh WS
– Jambugodha WS
– Jessore WS
– Lala Great Indian Bustard WS
– Kachchh Desert WS
– Khijadiya WS
– Mitiyala WS
– Nalsarovar BS
– Narayan Sarovar (Chinkara) WS
– Paniya WS
– Porbandar Lake WS
– Purna WS
– Rampara Vidi WS
– Ratanmahal WS
– Shoolpaneswar (Dhumkhal) WS
– Thol Lake WS
– Wild Ass WS
Marine
Protected Area
Marine
(Gulf of Kachchh), Khijadiya

The early history of Gujarat reflects the imperial grandeur of Chandragupta Maurya who conquered a number of earlier states in what is now Gujarat. Pushyagupta, a Vaishya, was appointed the governor of Saurashtra by the Mauryan regime. He ruled Giri nagar (modern-day Junagadh) (322 BC to 294 BC) and built a dam on the Sudarshan lake. Emperor Ashoka, the grandson of Chandragupta Maurya, not only ordered engraving of his edicts on the rock at Junagadh but asked Governor Tusherpha to cut canals from the lake where an earlier Mauryan governor had built a dam. Between the decline of Mauryan power and Saurashtra coming under the sway of the Samprati Mauryas of Ujjain, there was an Indo-Greek defeat in Gujarat of Demetrius. In 16th century manuscripts, there is an apocryphal story of a merchant of King Gondophernes landing in Gujarat with Apostle Thomas.

In the early 8th century, the Arabs of the Umayyad Caliphate established an empire in the name of the rising religion of Islam, which stretched from Spain in the west to Afghanistan and modern-day Pakistan in the east. Al-Junaid, the successor of Qasim, finally subdued the Hindu resistance within Sindh and established a secure base. The Arab rulers tried to expand their empire southeast, which culminated in the Caliphate campaigns in India fought in 730; they were defeated and expelled west of the Indus river, probably by a coalition of the Hindu rulers Nagabhata I of the Pratihara Dynasty, Vikramaditya II of the Chalukya dynasty and Bappa Rawal of Guhila dynasty. After this victory, the Arab invaders were driven out of Gujarat. General Pulakeshin, a Chalukya prince of Lata, received the title Avanijanashraya (refuge of the people of the earth) and honorific of “Repeller of the unrepellable” by the Chalukya emperor Vikramaditya II for his victory at the battle at Navsari, where the Arab troops suffered a crushing defeat. GPSC Gujarat Yearbook 2020

In the late 8th century, the Kannauj Triangle period started. The three major Indian dynasties – the northwest Indian Gurjara-Pratihara Dynasty, the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty and the East Indian Pala Empire – dominated India from the 8th to 10th centuries. During this period the northern part of Gujarat was ruled by the north Indian Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty and the southern part of Gujarat was ruled by the south Indian Rashtrakuta dynasty. However, the earliest epigraphically records of the Gurjars of Broach attest that the royal bloodline of the Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty of Dadda I-II-III (650–750) ruled south Gujarat, Southern Gujarat was ruled by the south Indian Rashtrakuta dynasty until it was captured by the south Indian ruler Tailapa II of the Western Chalukya Empire.

The Chalukya dynasty ruled Gujarat from c. 960 to 1243. Gujarat was a major center of Indian Ocean trade, and their capital at Anhilwara (Patan) was one of the largest cities in India, with population estimated at 100,000 in the year 1000. After 1243, the Solankis lost control of Gujarat to their feudatories, of whom the Vaghela chiefs of Dholka came to dominate Gujarat. In 1292 the Vaghela became tributaries of the Yadavas dynasty of Devagiri in the Deccan. Karandev of the Vaghela dynasty was the last Hindu ruler of Gujarat. He was defeated and overthrown by the superior forces of Alauddin Khalji from Delhi in 1297. With his defeat, Gujarat became part of the Muslim empire, and the Rajput hold over Gujarat would never be restored. GPSC Gujarat Yearbook 2020

After Indian independence and the partition of India in 1947, the new Indian government grouped the former princely states of Gujarat into three larger units; Saurashtra, which included the former princely states on the Kathiawad peninsula, Kutch, and Bombay state, which included the former British districts of Bombay Presidency together with most of Baroda state and the other former princely states of eastern Gujarat. Bombay state was enlarged to include Kutch, Saurashtra (Kathiawar) and parts of Hyderabad state and Madhya Pradesh in central India. The new state had a mostly Gujarati-speaking north and a Marathi-speaking south. Agitation by Gujarati nationalists, the Mahagujarat Movement, and Marathi nationalists, the Samyukta Maharashtra, for their own states led to the split of Bombay state on linguistic lines; on 1 May 1960, it became the new states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. In 1969 riots, at least 660 died and properties worth millions were destroyed.

The first capital of Gujarat was Ahmedabad; the capital was moved to Gandhinagar in 1970. Nav Nirman Andolan was a socio-political movement of 1974. It was a students’ and middle-class people’s movement against economic crisis and corruption in public life. This was the first and last successful agitation after the Independence of India that ousted an elected government. GPSC Gujarat Yearbook 2020

The Morvi dam failure, in 1979, resulted in the death of thousands of people and large economic loss. In the 1980s, a reservation policy was introduced in the country, which led to anti-reservation protests in 1981 and 1985. The protests witnessed violent clashes between people belonging to various castes.

The 2001 Gujarat earthquake was located about 9 km south-southwest of the village of Chobari in Bhachau Taluka of Kutch District. This magnitude 7.7 shock killed around 20,000 people (including at least 18 in South-eastern Pakistan), injured another 167,000 and destroyed nearly 400,000 homes. GPSC Gujarat Yearbook 2020

In February 2002, the Godhra train burning lead to statewide riots, resulting in the deaths of 1044 people – 790 Muslims and 254 Hindus, and hundreds missing still unaccounted for. Akshardham Temple was attacked by two terrorists in September 2002, killing 32 people and injuring more than 80 others. National Security Guards intervened to end the siege killing both terrorists. On 26 July 2008 a series of seventeen bomb blasts rocked the city, killing and injuring several people.

Gujarat borders the Tharparkar, Badin and Thatta districts of Pakistan’s Sindh province to the northwest, is bounded by the Arabian Sea to the southwest, the state of Rajasthan to the northeast, Madhya Pradesh to the east, and by Maharashtra, Union territories of Diu, Daman, Dadra and Nagar Haveli to the south. Historically, the north was known as Anarta, the Kathiawar peninsula, “Saurashtra”, and the south as “Lata”. Gujarat was also known as Pratichya and Varuna. The Arabian Sea makes up the state’s western coast. The capital, Gandhinagar is a planned city. Gujarat has an area of 75,686 sq mi (196,030 km2) with the longest coastline (24% of Indian sea coast) 1,600 kilometres, dotted with 41 ports: one major, 11 intermediate and 29 minor.

The Sabarmati is the largest river in Gujarat followed by the Tapi, although the Narmada covers the longest distance in its passage through the state. The Sardar Sarovar Project is built on the Narmada River, one of the major rivers of peninsular India with a length of around 1,312 kilometres. It is one of only three rivers in peninsular India that run from east to west – the others being the Tapi River and the Mahi River. A riverfront project has been built on the Sabarmati River. GPSC Gujarat Yearbook 2020

Gujarat has some of the major mountain ranges of India, including Aravalli, Sahyadri (Western Ghats), Vindhya and Saputara. Apart from this Gir hills, Barda, Jessore, Chotila, etc. are situated in different parts of Gujarat. Girnar is the tallest peak and Saputara is the only hill-station in the state.

The Rann of Kutch is a seasonally marshy saline clay desert located in the Thar Desert biogeographic region in between the province of Sindh and the state of Gujarat. It is situated 8 kilometres from the village of Kharaghoda in the Surendra nagar District and Pakistan’s Sindh province. The name “Rann” comes from the Gujarati word Rann meaning “desert”.

Gujarat invests in development of solar energy in the state and has had India’s largest solar power plant as of January 2012. It has allotted 716 MW of solar power capacity to 34 national and international solar project developers in 2009, against the planned 500 MW capacity under its solar power policy. This is expected to bring in investments of INR 120 billion and generate employment for 5,000 people. By 2014, Gujarat plans on producing 1000MW of energy by solar power on large scale.

Gujarat is a state in Western India, here and there alluded to as the Jewel of Western India. It has a territory of 196,024 km2 with a coastline of 1,600 km the vast majority of which lies on the Kathiawar landmass, and a populace in overabundance of 60 million. The state is circumscribed by Rajasthan toward the north, Maharashtra toward the south, Madhya Pradesh toward the east, and the Arabian Sea and the Pakistani region of Sindh toward the west. Its capital city is Gandhinagar, while its biggest city is Ahmedabad. Gujarat is home to the Gujarati-talking individuals of India. The state incorporates some destinations of the old Indus Valley Civilization, for example, Lothal and Dholavira. Lothal is accepted to be one of the world’s first seaports. Gujarat’s seaside urban communities, essentially Bharuch and Khambhat, served as ports and exchanging focuses in the Maurya and Gupta domains, and amid the progression of illustrious Saka administrations from the Western Satraps period, whose geographic regions included Saurashtra and Malwa: current Gujarat, South Sindh, Rajasthan, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh states. Gujarat was known not Ancient Greeks, and was recognizable in other Western focuses of development through the end of the European Middle Ages. Verifiably, the condition of Gujarat has been one of the fundamental focuses of the Indus Valley Civilization. It contains some antiquated metropolitan urban areas from the Indus Valley, for example, Lothal, Dholavira, and Gola Dhoro. The old city of Lothal was the place India’s first port was set up. The antiquated city of Dholavira is one of the biggest and most unmistakable archeological locales in India, having a place with the Indus Valley Civilization. The latest revelation was Gola Dhoro. Inside and out, around 50 Indus Valley settlement ruins have been found in Gujarat. GPSC Gujarat Yearbook 2020

Demo – Current Affairs

Cabinet approves creation of the post of Vice Chancellor for National Rail & Transport Institute (Deemed to be University) set up in Vadodara, Gujarat

Gujarat becomes 1st state to implement 10% quota to EWS (Economically Weaker sections)

PM inaugurated Ninth Edition of Vibrant Gujarat Summit in Gandhinagar

Netherlands takes long-term view on prospects for investment in Gujarat

National Foundation for Communal Harmony organized a special workshop under Know My India Programme

10th Biennial National Grassroots Innovation awards were also distributed by the President on the occasion

India’s first Dinosaur Museum inaugurated in Gujarat

India & Portugal to set up National Maritime Heritage Museum in Lothal

Gujarat CM launches a cash incentive scheme called ‘Valhi Dimri Yojna’ for the welfare of the girl child

Demo -Practice MCQ

Qus: Which of the following Prime Minister is from Gujarat?

(a) Lal Bahadur Shastri

(b) Inder Kumar Gujral

(c) Charan Singh

(d) Morarji Desai

Ans: Morarji Desai

Qus: Which of the following was the name of the first Sultan of Gujarat?

(A) Ahmed Shah

(b) Farid Khan

(c) Dilwara Khan

(D) Nadir Shah

Ans: Ahmed Shah

Qus: Which of the following states is in the north of Gujarat?

(a) Karnataka

(b) Odisha

(c) Tamil Nadu

(d) Rajasthan

Ans: Rajasthan

Qus: Which of the following sea is in the west of Gujarat?

(a) Laptev

(b) Yellow

(c) Timor

(d) Arabian

Ans: Arabian

Qus: Rajkot city of Gujarat is located on the banks of which of the following rivers?

(a) Aji and Nyeri

(b) Mahi

(c) Narmada

(d) Tapi

Ans: Aji and Nyeri

Qus: When Gir Forest National Park and Gujarat’s Wildlife Sanctuary was established?

(a) 1966

(b) 1967

(c) 1968

(d) 1965

Ans: 1965

Qus: Which of the following rivers flows in Surat?

(a) Mahi

(b) Tapi

(c) Narmada

(d) Godavari

Ans: Tapi

Qus: In which year the capital of Gujrat shifted from Ahmedabad to Gandhinagar?

(a) 1970

(b) 1976

(c) 1975

(d) 1982

Ans: 1970

Qus: Name the first Chief Minister of Gujrat/

(a) Jivraj Narayan Mehta

(b) Babubhai J. Patel

(c) chimanbhai Patel

(d) Balwantrai Mehta

Ans: Jivraj Narayan Mehta

Qus: In which city (Haryana) the British East India company established its first factory?

(a) Gandhinagar

(b) Ahmedabad

(c) Rajkot

(d) Surat

Ans: Surat

Qus: When was the establishment of the Sabarmati Ashram in Gujarat?

(a) 1917

(b) 1919

(c) 1920

(d) 1922

Ans: 1917

Qus: Name the district which have the largest forest area in Gujarat?

(a) Gir Somnath

(b) Tapi

(c) Amreli

(d)Dang

Ans: Dang

Qus: In which year the Gir Forest National Park was established?

(a) 1965

(b) 1962

(c) 1967

(d)1978

Ans: 1965

Qus: Which of the cities of Gujarat is known as City of Diamonds?

(a) Rajkot

(b) Gandhinagar

(c) Surat

(d)Ahmedabad

Ans: Surat

Qus: In which year the AMUL was founded in Gujarat?

(a) 1947

(b) 1942

(c) 1946

(d) 1951

Ans: 1946

Qus: Name the first full length Gujarati film?

(a) Ranakdevi

(b) Shethani

(c) Gunasundari

(d) Narsinh Mehta

Ans: Narsinh Mehta

Qus: The Gujarati Sahitya Parishad was established in which year?

(a) 1905

(b) 1916

(c) 1908

(d)1902

Ans: 1905

Qus: Name the first President of Gujarati Sahitya Parishad?

(a) Narsinhrao Divetia

(b) Ambala S.Desai

(c) Govardhanram Tripathi

(d) Keshavlal Dhruv

Ans: Govardhanram Tripathi

Qus: Who had built the sun Temple of Modhera?

(a) Kumarapala

(b) Bhimdev 1st

(c) Siddharaj Jaisinh

(d) Karandev 1st

Ans: Bhimdev 1st

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40 : IAS Test Series – Study Portal

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Daily News Prescription – 21 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 21 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-21 January 2020. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020

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GS2: Governance

Explained: Why India is a laggard in social mobility (IE) According to the report, the Nordic economies such as Denmark and Finland top the social mobility rankings while countries like India

GS2: International Relations

Deciphering the moves on Russia’s power chessboard (TH) Just as the countdown to the end of Russia’s Vladimir Putin’s presidential term draws close, he has announced major changes

Stay put (TH) Putin is manoeuvring to stay politically relevant at the end of his fourth term

Explained: Dubai has been declared ‘reciprocating territory’ by India. What does this mean? (IE) The notification also declared a list of courts in the UAE to be “superior Courts” under the same

GS3: Science and Technology

Explained: What is Xenobot? (IE) Scientists in the United States have named the millimetre-wide robots “xenobots”

 Outbreak of Novel Coronavirus in China: Actions taken by the Health Ministry (PIB) As per WHO update (as of 11th January, 2020) in all, 41 cases of Novel Coronavirus have been reported so far from China [including one death (further update is awaited)]. As per WHO risk assessment, the risk for global spread, as of now, remains low.

GS3: Economy

Govt. yet to seek green nod for water aerodromes (TH) A year after 10 water aerodromes were awarded to airlines for seaplane operations, the government is yet to seek environmental clearance

Redesigning India’s ailing data system (TH) The present national accounting and analytical framework misses out on many key dimensions of a complex economy. Daily News Analysis UPSC

Richest 10% of Indians have three-fourths of nation’s wealth: Oxfam (MINT) The top 1% holds over four times the wealth held by 953 million, who … Richest 10% of Indians have three-fourths of nation’s wealth

Daily News Analysis UPSC Prelims 2020 MYUPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Solved Test Series

Daily News Prescription – 20 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 20 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-20 January 2020. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020

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Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Exams 2020

GS2: Governance

Centre for tougher law against sexual harassment at work (TH) Group of Ministers finalises recommendations, which will be put up for public comments.

A net verdict that falls short of expectations (TH) If one were to merely consider its proclamation of the law, it is difficult to quibble with the ruling of the Supreme Court of India delivered recently.

INDIAN CONSTITUTION, IN NUMBERS (Mint) Nearly 70 years after it first came into effect on 26 January 1950, the Constitution of India—which is a 146,385-word tome—has outlived most peers

Simply put: Understanding the Bru settlement (IE) Centre, Tripura, and Mizoram have signed an agreement with the Bru/Reang community that promises to end their 23-year-old internal conflict. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020

For Brus, a permanent home (TH) The decision to settle displaced Brus in Tripura is humanitarian, but could lead … living in Tripura as refugees since 1997, to settle permanently in Tripura.

GS3: Science and Technology

Ahead of holiday, China gears up to contain virus outbreak (TH) China will step up efforts to contain the coronavirus outbreak in Wuhan ahead of the Lunar New Year holidays. With 17 new cases of the virus …

Coronavirus outbreak puts spotlight on India’s level of preparedness (Mint) India is not well-equipped to identify disease-carrying people at its ports of entry, says a health expert

Health Ministry reviews preparedness for Novel Corona Virus(nCoV) (PIB) Dr. HarshVardhan, Union Minister of Health and Family Welfarehas been closely monitoring the situation after the reports of 41 confirmed cases of novel Corona virus (nCoV) including one death from Wuhan

GS3: Economy

Shri DV Sadananda Gowda launches the “APNA UREA – SonaUgle” brand of HURL (PIB) The Union Minister for Chemicals and Fertilizers, Shri D.V. Sadananda Gowda launched the “APNA UREA – SonaUgle” brand of Hindustan Urvarak&Rasayan Limited (HURL) at a function here today. On the occasion, he also unveiled the Company’s logo.

Why ‘Make in India’ has failed (TH) On September 25, 2014, the Indian government announced the ‘Make in India’ initiative to encourage manufacturing in India and galvanize. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test 1-40 : IAS Test Series – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

Important Topics: UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Study Material:Part-1 – Study Portal

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 – Study Portal

UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1

Important Topics for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020 Part-2

Daily News Prescription – 20 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. UPSC IAS Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material

Goa Current Affairs General Knowledge Yearbook 2020

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Goa Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. Goa General Knowledge 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Online 60 Days Programme

Goa Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams across the state. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. Goa General Knowledge 2020

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Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Goa based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.

Why should you buy this Book?

Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, and Other exams across the State.

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Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Goa General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive. Goa General Knowledge 2020

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Introduction of Goa

Goa, a tiny emerald land on the west coast of India, the 25th state of the Union states of India, was liberated from Portuguese rule in 1961. It was a part of Union Territory of Goa, Daman & Diu till 30th May 1987 when it was carved out of form a separate state. Goa covers an area of 3702 square kilometers and comprises two Revenue district viz North Goa and South Goa. Boundaries of Goa State are defined in the North Tere Khol River which separates it from Maharashtra, in the East and South by Karnataka State and West by Arabian Sea. Goa lies in Western Coast of India and is 594 Kms (by road) away from Mumbai city.

A brief summary of the 2011 census: Goa’s population is 1458545 with 739140 Males and 719405 Females. The growth of 14.8 per cent, during 1991 to 2000, is lower than the 16.08 per cent recorded during 1981 to 1990.

The sex-ratio (number of females per thousand males) in Goa is 973 in 2011 compared to 967 in 1991. The density of population per sq km in Goa is 364 in 2001 as compared to 316 in 1991. North Goa has a much higher density (437) as compared to South Goa (300). The national figure is 324. Goa General Knowledge 2020

Panaji is the state’s capital, while Vasco da Gama is its largest city. The historic city of Margao still exhibits the cultural influence of the Portuguese, who first landed in the early 16th century as merchants and conquered it soon thereafter. Goa was a former state of the Portuguese Empire. The Portuguese overseas territory of Portuguese India existed for about 450 years until it was annexed by India in 1961.

Goa is visited by large numbers of international and domestic tourists each year for its white sand beaches, nightlife, places of worship and World Heritage-listed architecture. It has rich flora and fauna, owing to its location on the Western Ghats range, a biodiversity hotspot. Goa General Knowledge 2020

Agriculture is one of the important economic activities in Goa. The total agricultural area is approximately 1400 sq km from which 1200 sq km is owned by the govt and remaining 200 sq km is owned privately. Rice and coconut are the staple produce of Goa. Paddy is cultivated during the monsoon from the months of June to September.

In the 3rd century BC, Goa was part of the Maurya Empire, ruled by the Buddhist emperor, Ashoka of Magadha. Buddhist monks laid the foundation of Buddhism in Goa. Between the 2nd century BC and the 6th century AD, Goa was ruled by the Bhojas of Goa. Chutus of Karwar also ruled some parts as feudatories of the Satavahanas of Kolhapur (2nd century BC to the 2nd century AD), Western Kshatrapas (around 150 AD), the Abhiras of Western Maharashtra, Bhojas of the Yadav clans of Gujarat, and the Konkan Mauryas as feudatories of the Kalachuris. The rule later passed to the Chalukyas of Badami, who controlled it between 578 and 753, and later the Rashtrakutas of Malkhed from 753 to 963. From 765 to 1015, the Southern Silaharas of Konkan ruled Goa as the feudatories of the Chalukyas and the Rashtrakutas. Over the next few centuries, Goa was successively ruled by the Kadambas as the feudatories of the Chalukyas of Kalyani. They patronised Jainism in Goa.

In 1312, Goa came under the governance of the Delhi Sultanate. The kingdom’s grip on the region was weak, and by 1370 it was forced to surrender it to Harihara I of the Vijayanagara Empire. The Vijayanagara monarchs held on to the territory until 1469, when it was appropriated by the Bahmani sultans of Gulbarga. After that dynasty crumbled, the area fell into the hands of the Adil Shahis of Bijapur, who established as their auxiliary capital the city known under the Portuguese as Velha Goa. Goa General Knowledge 2020

In 1510, the Portuguese defeated the ruling Bijapur sultan Yusuf Adil Shah with the help of a local ally, Timayya. They set up a permanent settlement in Velha Goa. This was the beginning of Portuguese colonial rule in Goa that would last for four and a half centuries, until its annexation in 1961. The Goa Inquisition, a formal tribunal, was established in 1560, and was finally abolished in 1812.

In 1843 the Portuguese moved the capital to Panaji from Velha Goa. By the mid-18th century, Portuguese Goa had expanded to most of the present-day state limits. Simultaneously the Portuguese lost other possessions in India until their borders stabilised and formed the Estado da India Portuguesa or State of Portuguese India.

After India gained independence from the British in 1947, India requested that Portuguese territories on the Indian subcontinent be ceded to India. Portugal refused to negotiate on the sovereignty of its Indian enclaves. On 19 December 1961, the Indian Army invaded with Operation Vijay resulting in the annexation of Goa, and of Daman and Diu islands into the Indian union. Goa, along with Daman and Diu, was organised as a centrally administered union territory of India. On 30 May 1987, the union territory was split, and Goa was made India’s twenty-fifth state, with Daman and Diu remaining a union territory. Goa General Knowledge 2020

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Daily News Prescription – 18 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 18 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-18 January 2020. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020

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Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Exams 2020

1. What is National Investigation Agency Act, and why is Chhattisgarh challenging it?

2. Open Acreage Licensing Policy.

3. Telecommunication Consumers Education and Protection Fund (TCEPF).

4. Punjab’s new Right to Business Bill.

5. GSAT-30.

6. Bru-Reang refugee agreement.

7. Yada Yada virus.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………….

GS1: Geographical phenomenon

Explained: What new monsoon dates mean (IE) Over the past many years, however, significant changes have been seen in precipitation patterns

Can’t prevent earthquakes, but can minimise Damage: Earth Sciences ministry (DTE) Can’t prevent earthquakes, but can minimise Damage: Earth Sciences ministry. Vulnerable areas include all north-eastern states

GS2: Governance

Nirbhaya killers to hang on February 1 (TH) Court issues death warrants on a plea by the victim’s parents to expedite their execution. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020

Merger plan of RSTV and LSTV in final stages (TH)  By any reckoning RSTV has a far greater brand value but LSTV has the financial and administrative muscle

Bru deal could fuel tensions’ (TH) The move, they feel, has set a bad precedent but is the “State-level variant” of the Bharatiya Janata Party’s “national policy of keeping minorities

GS2: International Relations

Quiet, for now (TH) The trade deal between the U.S. and China allows President Trump to claim some success

Explained: How Russia’s new constitutional amendment will help Putin stay in power (IE) How Russia’s new constitutional amendment will help Putin stay in power

GS3: Science and Technology

GSAT-30 gives India a communication boost (TH) GSAT-30, for DTH television services, broadband operations, has been launched from Kourou

GS3: Environment

Renewable energy: Curtailment is a bane that must be done away with (DTE)  Curtailment is a bane that must be done away with. If solutions to the problem are not found,it will add to the.. Daily News Analysis UPSC Exam 2020

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India UNSC Permanent Member P-5 Case Study

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization responsible for maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, achieving international cooperation, and being a center for harmonizing the actions of nations. It is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. The UN is headquartered on international territory in New York City; other main offices are in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague. India UNSC Permanent Member

The UN was established after World War II with the aim of preventing future wars, succeeding the ineffective League of Nations. On 25 April 1945, 50 governments met in San Francisco for a conference and started drafting the UN Charter, which was adopted on 25 June 1945 and took effect on 24 October 1945, when the UN began operations. Pursuant to the Charter, the organization’s objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; this number grew to 193 in 2011, representing the vast majority of the world’s sovereign states.

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The organization’s mission to preserve world peace was complicated in its early decades by the Cold War between the United States and Soviet Union and their respective allies. Its missions have consisted primarily of unarmed military observers and lightly armed troops with primarily monitoring, reporting and confidence-building roles. UN membership grew significantly following widespread decolonization beginning in the 1960s. Since then, 80 former colonies have gained independence, including 11 trust territories that had been monitored by the Trusteeship Council. By the 1970s, the UN’s budget for economic and social development programmes far outstripped its spending on peacekeeping. After the end of the Cold War, the UN shifted and expanded its field operations, undertaking a wide variety of complex tasks. India UNSC Permanent Member

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The UN has six principal organs: the General Assembly; the Security Council; the Economic and Social Council; the Trusteeship Council; the International Court of Justice; and the UN Secretariat. The UN System includes a multitude of specialized agencies, such as the World Bank Group, the World Health Organization, the World Food Programme, UNESCO, and UNICEF. Additionally, non-governmental organizations may be granted consultative status with ECOSOC and other agencies to participate in the UN’s work. The UN’s chief administrative officer is the Secretary-General, currently Portuguese politician and diplomat Antonio Guterres since 1 January 2017. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

The UN, its officers, and its agencies have won many Nobel Peace Prizes, though other evaluations of its effectiveness have been mixed. Some commentators believe the organization to be an important force for peace and human development, while others have called it ineffective, biased, or corrupt.

Background

In the century prior to the UN’s creation, several international treaty organizations such as the International Committee of the Red Cross was formed to ensure protection and assistance for victims of armed conflict and strife. In 1914, a political assassination in Sarajevo set off a chain of events that led to the outbreak of World War I. As more and more young men were sent down into the trenches, influential voices in the United States and Britain began calling for the establishment of a permanent international body to maintain peace in the postwar world. President Woodrow Wilson became a vocal advocate of this concept, and in 1918 he included a sketch of the international body in his 14-point proposal to end the war. In November 1918, the Central Powers agreed to an armistice to halt the killing in World War I. Two months later, the Allies met with Germany and Austria-Hungary at Versailles to hammer out formal peace terms. President Wilson wanted peace, but the United Kingdom and France disagreed, forcing harsh war reparations on their former enemies. The League of Nations was approved, and in the summer of 1919 Wilson presented the Treaty of Versailles and the Covenant of the League of Nations to the US Senate for ratification. On 10 January 1920, the League of Nations formally comes into being when the Covenant of the League of Nations, ratified by 42 nations in 1919, takes effect. However, at some point the League became ineffective when it failed to act against the Japanese invasion of Manchuria as in February 1933, 40 nations voted for Japan to withdraw from Manchuria but Japan voted against it and walked out of the League instead of withdrawing from Manchuria. It also failed against the Second Italo-Ethiopian War despite trying to talk to Benito Mussolini as he used the time to send an army to Africa, so the League had a plan for Mussolini to just take a part of Ethiopia, but he ignored the League and invaded Ethiopia, the League tried putting sanctions on Italy, but Italy had already conquered Ethiopia and the League had failed. After Italy conquered Ethiopia, Italy and other nations left the league. But all of them realized that it had failed and they began to re-arm as fast as possible. During 1938, Britain and France tried negotiating directly with Hitler but this failed in 1939 when Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia. When war broke out in 1939, the League closed down and its headquarters in Geneva remained empty throughout the war. Although the United States never joined the League, the country did support its economic and social missions through the work of private philanthropies and by sending representatives to committees. India UNSC Permanent Member

How does a country become a Member of the United Nations?

Membership in the Organization, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, “is open to all peace-loving States that accept the obligations contained in the United Nations Charter and, in the judgment of the Organization, are able to carry out these obligations”. States are admitted to membership in the United Nations by decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council (P-5).

How does a new State or Government obtain recognition by the United Nations?

The recognition of a new State or Government is an act that only other States and Governments may grant or withhold. It generally implies readiness to assume diplomatic relations. The United Nations is neither a State nor a Government, and therefore does not possess any authority to recognize either a State or a Government. As an organization of independent States, it may admit a new State to its membership or accept the credentials of the representatives of a new Government.

The procedure is briefly as follows:

The State submits an application to the Secretary-General and a letter formally stating that it accepts the obligations under the Charter.

The Security Council considers the application. Any recommendation for admission must receive the affirmative votes of 9 of the 15 members of the Council, provided that none of its five permanent members — China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the United States of America — have voted against the application.

If the Council recommends admission, the recommendation is presented to the General Assembly for consideration. A two-thirds majority vote is necessary in the Assembly for admission of a new State.

Membership becomes effective the date the resolution for admission is adopted.

At each session, the General Assembly considers the credentials of all representatives of Member States participating in that session. During such consideration, which routinely takes place first in the nine-member Credentials Committee but can also arise at other times, the issue can be raised whether a particular representative has been accredited by the Government actually in power. This issue is ultimately decided by a majority vote in the Assembly. It should be noted that the normal change of Governments, as through a democratic election, does not raise any issues concerning the credentials of the representative of the State concerned.

Current Members

The Council is composed of 15 Members:

Five permanent members: China, France, Russian Federation, the United Kingdom, and the United States, and ten non-permanent members elected for two-year terms by the General Assembly (with end of term year):

Belgium (2020)

Dominican Republic (2020)

Estonia (2021)

Germany (2020)

Indonesia (2020)

Niger (2021)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (2021)

South Africa (2020)

Tunisia (2021)

Viet Nam (2021)

Non-Council Member States;

More than 50 United Nations Member States have never been Members of the Security Council.

A State which is a Member of the United Nations but not of the Security Council may participate, without a vote, in its discussions when the Council considers that country’s interests are affected. Both Members and non-members of the United Nations, if they are parties to a dispute being considered by the Council, may be invited to take part, without a vote, in the Council’s discussions; the Council sets the conditions for participation by a non-member State. India UNSC Permanent Member

Why isn’t India a permanent member of the UN Security Council?

At the time the United Nations was formed, it simply wasn’t an independent nation, nor was it anywhere near powerful or influential enough even if it had been. The point of having permanent membership on the UN Security Council is to give the Security Council some sort of foundation that provided for both the ability to act and the ability to maintain order. While there is no requirement for a permanent member of the Security Council nuclear weapons, there is a requirement, albeit an implicit one, that the permanent members are to a certain extent strong (in a militaristic sense), economically vibrant, and capable of displays international influence. During the 1940’s India would not have met any of these criteria. India UNSC Permanent Member

The UNSC, even with five permanent members, manages to pass resolutions on very few important things. Having a sixth country will only worsen the problem.

Why will the five countries want to share power with the sixth? The privilege is like a dinner table with a cake. One additional member means less space and less cake for all.

The permanent members have a veto power over all the decisions of the UNSC. What does this imply?  This ensures that no big decision is taken which will make a powerful country unhappy. This veto power serves well to the five members as it helps them protect their interests. China uses its veto power and opposes India.

Why should India be on UN Security Council?

The current P5 were among the strongest nations at the time of the creation of the UNSC. Germany and Japan were in shambles, and much of the world was still colonized. It made sense for nations like the US and USSR to become permanent members, as well as their major allies. However, the UN is a global organization, and it needs to have diversity that reflects the globe, in its most powerful body. This isn’t just to appear to be a more diverse body. The more different countries you have, the more perspectives you see brought to the table.

India is a major player on the world stage currently. It’s strategically located, and has warm relations with most of the P5. India could bring perspectives to the table that would differ greatly from those of the Western countries, China and Russia. That is because the issues India faces are different from the issues these nations face, and a fresh perspective would be refreshing to say the least.

India has a GDP of about 2 Trillion dollars and has been on an upward curve as far as the economy goes ever since the early 1990s. It’s also one of the fastest growing major economies of the world, and has even overtaken China in the rate of growth of the economy per year. It’s the 3rd largest economy in the world in terms of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP). There’s also the elephant in the room: the elephant that consists of 1.2 billion people. India could give representation to a vast number of these people. India UNSC Permanent Member

India: Statement by the Mission to the UN

Reform and improvements are an intrinsic part of any organization which has to serve the needs of a changing environment. The United Nations is no exception. India supports a strengthened and revitalized United Nations with its various organs functioning within their mandates in accordance with the UN Charter. India supports an enhanced role for the United Nations in development and development cooperation dialogue. India firmly believes that development should be central to UN’s agenda and be pursued in its own right. It is an indispensable prerequisite to the maintenance of international peace and security.

India has actively participated in all reforms and restructuring exercises that could enhance the capacity of the UN in the fulfillment of its primary tasks. India actively supported the establishment of UNICEF on a permanent basis, the creation of the UN Development Programme, establishment of UNEP and restructuring of the UN in the economic and social fields. It was also represented in the High Level Expert Group established by the UN Secretary-General in the mid-nineties on the financing of the UN. It participated constructively in the discussions on the Agenda for Peace and the Agenda for Development. India was also one of the co-chairs of the Working Group on Strengthening of the United Nations.

India has been supportive of the UN Secretary-General Mr. Kofi Annan’s reform proposals. While some of these have been agreed and implemented, discussions continue on others. An important proposal is the holding of the Millennium Assembly. India believes that the Millennium Assembly must identify concrete goals for the promotion of development cooperation and disarmament and must also provide the United Nations with the required resources to effectively tackle these challenges. India UNSC Permanent Member

India shares the concerns for improving efficiency, avoidance of duplication, and the minimization of waste in the functioning of the entire UN system. While efforts for these objectives need to be intensified, India believes that the Member States should pay their contributions unconditionally, in full and on time, as delays in payments have caused an unprecedented financial crisis in the UN system. Contributions of the Member States should have, as their fundamental underpinning, the capacity to pay principle. Financial reforms hold the key to the future of the world body. Without sufficient resources, the UN’s activities and role would suffer.

The United Nations as a universal forum should have as its guiding principles transparency, non-discrimination, consensus, and equal respect for the dignity of all individuals, societies and nations. Be it world trade, environment and development, resolution of the global debt crisis, or economic assistance for the poorest members of the world community, these values have to be the touchstone of global initiatives and actions.

The composition of the Security Council has remained largely static, while the UN General Assembly membership has expanded considerably. This has undermined the representative character of the Council. An expanded Council, which is more representative, will also enjoy greater political authority and legitimacy. India UNSC Permanent Member

In 1965, the membership of the Security Council was expanded from 11 to 15. There was no change in the number of permanent members. Since then, the size of the Council has remained frozen. Even more dramatic than the increase in the number of Member States of the UN, is the change in composition of the General Assembly. The overwhelming majority of the UN General Assembly members today are developing countries. They are also, most often the objects of the Council’s actions. They must have a role in shaping those decisions which affect them. The present composition of the Security Council, particularly the permanent members’ category, is weighted heavily in favour of industrialized countries. This imbalance must be redressed in an expansion of the Council, by enhancing the representation of developing countries in both permanent and non-permanent members’ categories. India UNSC Permanent Member

Activities of the Security Council have greatly expanded in the past few years. The success of Security Council’s actions depends upon political support of the international community. Any package for restructuring of the Security Council should, therefore, be broad-based. In particular, adequate presence of developing countries is needed in the Security Council. Nations of the world must feel that their stakes in global peace and prosperity are factored into the UN’s decision making.

Any expansion of permanent members’ category must be based on an agreed criteria, rather than be a pre-determined selection. There must be an inclusive approach based on transparent consultations. India supports expansion of both permanent and non-permanent members’ category. The latter is the only avenue for the vast majority of Member States to serve on the Security Council. Reform and expansion must be an integral part of a common package.

PM Modi to inaugurate ‘Gandhi Solar Park’ – India’s gift to the UN Headquarters

At a contribution of about one million dollars, India has gifted solar panels that have been installed on the roof of the UN Headquarters here, one panel each for every 193 UN Member State.

In a first of its kind symbolic effort by India at the UN, Prime Minister Narendra Modi will inaugurate a 50KW ‘Gandhi Solar Park’ next week during his visit to the world organisation, a gesture that highlights India’s willingness to go beyond the talk on climate change.

At a contribution of about one million dollars, India has gifted solar panels that have been installed on the roof of the UN Headquarters here, one panel each for every 193 UN Member State.

PM Modi will remotely inaugurate the solar park at the UN Headquarters and the ‘Gandhi Peace Garden’ during a special commemorative event on September 24, 2019 marking Gandhi’s 150th birth anniversary. On the occasion, a special UN Postage on Gandhi’s 150 years will also be released.

The ‘Gandhi Peace Garden’ is an innovative initiative under which the Consulate General of India in New York, Long Island-based NGO Shanti Fund and the State University of New York – Old Westbury have entered into an agreement to plant 150 trees. India UNSC Permanent Member

India UNSC Permanent Member

What are the chances of India for getting a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council?

What are the chances of India for getting a permanent seat on the United Nations Security Council?

Why doesn’t Brazil have a permanent seat in the UN’ Security Council?

Is it true that Nehru rejected a permanent seat offered to India in the UN Security Council by The US, and if so, why did Nehru do so, and if …

United Nations in India

Source

Delhi GK Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Delhi Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. Delhi GK Yearbook 2020

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Delhi Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams across the state. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. Delhi GK Yearbook 2020

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Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Delhi based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.

Why should you buy this Book?

Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, and Other exams across the State/UT.

Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting.

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Delhi General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive. Delhi GK Yearbook 2020

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Introduction of Delhi

In Mahabharata, this land of Delhi was initially a huge mass of forests called ‘Khandavaprastha’ which was burnt down to build the Indraprastha. Below is the tabular description of the history of Delhi. 

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded in(Capital Formation) 1911
2. Formation of Union Territory 1956
3. Also Known As  Indraprastha
4. Ruled By Ashoka, Mauryan Emperor, Firuz Shah Tughluq, Mughals
5. Major Historical Events Delhi was the site of the magnificent and opulent Indraprastha, capital of the Pandavas in the Indian epic Mahabharata, founded around 3500 BC

The NCT covers an area of 1,484 square kilometres. According to the census, Delhi city proper’s population was over 11 million the second-highest in India after Mumbai. Below in this table, we have described all the essential Structural and physiographical divisions of Delhi.

S.No Description Summary
1 Total Area 1,484.0 km2 (573.0 sq mi)
2 Population 16,787,941
3 The rank of the state Area wise:- 31st Population wise:-
4 Population Density 11,312/km2 (29,298/sq mi)
5 State Bounded By Haryana on three sides Uttar Pradesh to the east
5 Soil & Minerals alluvial soil
7 Major Crops Paddy Field Sorghum Pearl Millet Kharif Crop Wheat Mustard Plant
8 Forest Area 299.77 sq. km. (20.22%)
9 Climate humid subtropical climate
10 River Yamuna Agra canal Hindon River Sahibi river
11 Dam Delhi Dam Hart wick Dam embankment dam
12 Major  Flora Banyan Tree Peepal Tree Neem tree
13 Major Fauna Frogs Leopards

The Mughals ruled Delhi for a long period and the art during that period was worth seeing. Akbar’s empire has been known for work on arts and crafts. In the ancient period, the people used arts and crafts in their palaces for better lives. This is the reason why Mughals used to have Persian artists for carpet weaving and metal crafting. Let us check out the complete information about Delhi Culture and Tradition which is followed by the people of Delhi.

S.No Description Summary
1 Folk Dance Bihu Bhangra Sambalpuri Ghumura Dance Garba Chhau
2 Major Festival Holi Diwali Janmashtami Navratri Durga Puja Dussehra
3 Cuisine (Famous Food) Paranthas chaat Butter chicken Kebabs Chole Bhature Biryani Nihari Rolls Momos Desserts
4 Traditional Dress Women: Salwar, Suit, Duptta, Saree

Male: Kurta, Pajama, Dhoti Kurta,

1. Union Minister for HRD Shri Prakash Javadekar inaugurates 27th Edition of New Delhi World Book Fair in Pragati Maidan with Sharjah as Guest of Honour.

2. GST Council’s 32nd Meeting Held In New Delhi Under The Chairmanship Of The Union Minister Of Finance & Corporate Affairs, Shri Arun Jaitley

3. National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) launched by Environment minister Dr. Harsh Vardhan in New Delhi

4. 102 cities chosen for the implementation of NCAP: The states concerned with the implementation are 23 in number and following shows the details of respective districts in an ascending order of number of districts allotted under the programme per state:

5. Minister Ravi Shankar Inaugurates NIC Command & Control Centre at National Informatics Centre (NIC), New Delhi

6. Union Minister Harshvardhan launches special weather services for Kumbh Mela: On 14th January 2019, Union Minister of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences and Environment and Forests and Climate Change, Dr Harshvardhan launched the special weather services for the benefit of people visiting Prayagraj during Kumbh Mela at a function in New Delhi.

7. Finance Minister Shri Arun Jaitley and Union Minority Affairs Minister Shri Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi inaugurated Hunar Haat exhibitions in New Delhi.

8. First Annual Disarmament and International Security Affairs Fellowship Programme inaugurated in Delhi: On 14th January 2019, the First Annual Disarmament and International Security Affairs Fellowship Programme was organised by Ministry of External Affairs in New Delhi. The event will be concluded on 1st February 2019.

9. Saksham 2019, annual event of PCRA, launched by Petroleum ministry in New Delhi: On January 16, 2019, the 2019 edition of ‘Saksham’, an annual high intensity one-month long people-centric mega campaign of Petroleum Conservation Research Association (PCRA) under the aegis of Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas was launched in New Delhi.

10. Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) launches National Agricultural Higher Education Project (NAHEP) in New Delhi

11. Niti Aayog selected McKinsey & Company to set up India’s first Digital Capability Centre in New Delhi: National Institution for Transforming India (Niti Aayog) has selected McKinsey & Company to set up India’s first Digital Capability Centre (DCC) in New Delhi. McKinsey & Company supports 5 such centres globally- in Aachen, Chicago, Singapore, Venice and Beijing. Delhi GK Yearbook 2020

Delhi Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Daily News Prescription – 17 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 17 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription-17 January 2020

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Daily Current Affairs for Competitive Exams 2020

GS2: Governance

Explained: What is National Investigation Act, why is Chhattisgarh challenging it? (IE) What is the NIA Act, and why is Chhattisgarh challenging it?
 

GS2: Social Issues

No improvement in state of mental health patients, despite legislation (Mint) 4935 people who were cured are still lodged in mental hospitals as they could not be rehabilitated

GS2: International relations

1ST Session of India-Norway Dialogue on Trade & Investment Held in New Delhi (PIB) The first Session of India-Norway Dialogue on Trade & Investment (DTI) was convened in New Delhi on 15-16 January, 2020. The session was based on the Terms of Reference (ToR) signed between India and Norway on 8th January, 2019 in New Delhi, during the visit of Prime Minister of Norway.  This was the first meeting after the signing of DTI.

India to invite Imran Khan for Shanghai Council meet (TH) will be invited to participate in the Heads of Government Council meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation

Talking of Kashmir (TH) For the second time since the government’s decision on Article 370 in August last year, China raised the issue of Kashmir at the United Nations

China, U.S. sign initial trade agreement (TH) The Phase 1 deal, struck last month, is expected to reduce tariffs and boost Chinese purchases of American farm, energy and manufactured goods while addressing some disputes over intellectual property.

GS3: Economy

A contraction in CAD may not be a reason for cheer (Mint) Current account is essentially a record of all trade, net transfers and earning transactions of a country

GS3: Infrastructure

World Bank and Government of India Sign $88 million loan agreement for the implementation of Assam Inland Water Transport Project (PIB)  The Government of India, the Government of Assam and the World Bank signed a loan agreement of $88 million here today to help modernize Assam’s passenger ferry sector that runs on its rivers including the mighty Brahmaputra.

GS3: Food processing and related industries in India- scope and significance, location, etc.

Ladakh Food Processing Summit gathers huge participation (PIB) Ladakh Food Processing Summit “Building Partnerships for Inclusive Growth in Food Processing Sector” was organised by the Department of Industries & Commerce, Ladakh in partnership with the Ministry of Food Processing Industries, Government of India and Invest India, the national investment promotion & facilitation agency, in Leh today. Daily News Prescription 2020

GS3: Security

Shri Amit Shah presides over signing of Historic Agreement to end the Bru-Reang Refugee Crisis; Around 34,000 Internally Displaced People to be settled in Tripura (PIB) Around 34,000 Internally Displaced People to be settled

34,000 Bru refugees to be settled in Tripura (TH) the signing of a quadripartite pact of MHA with the State governments of Tripura, Mizoram and Bru community

Adjusted Gross Revenue case: SC dismissal of telcos’ plea may hit consumer services (IE) Adjusted Gross Revenue case: SC dismissal of telcos’ plea may hit consumer

Explained: Sikhs to be counted as separate ethnic group in US. What does it mean? (IE) Sikhs in the US will be counted as a separate ethnic group in the 2020

Explained: Decade ended 2019 hottest ever, last year the second hottest (IE) Since the 1960s, each decade has been significantly warmer than the previous one. This trend continued in the 2010s, and five of the hottest years ever were experienced in the second half of the decade. Daily News Prescription 2020

Daily News Prescription 2020 for UPSC PSC Exams 2020, MYUPSC UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series

MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of General Studies of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. UPSC IAS General Studies.

Daily News Prescription – 13-16 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 13-16 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription 13-16 January 2020

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GS1: Art & culture

Vice President greets the nation on the auspicious occasion of Makar Sankranti and Pongal (TH) The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has greeted the nation on the auspicious occasion of Makar Sankranti and Pongal. Daily News Prescription January 2020

GS2: International Relations

Iran nuclear deal: EU launches dispute mechanism (TH) Britain, France and Germany charge Tehran over ‘transgressions’ that could ultimately lead to reimposition of UN sanctions.

GS2: Governance

SC rejects curative pleas of 2 Nirbhaya death row convicts (TH) The Supreme Court Tuesday refused to stay the execution of two of the four death row convicts in the 2012 Nirbhaya gang rape and murder case while dismissing their curative petitions against their conviction and capital punishment. Daily News Prescription January

Kerala govt. challenges CAA in Supreme Court (TH) The petitioner has sought directions from the Supreme Court for the Act

Explained: Article 131, on which Kerala has based its challenge to the CAA (IE) Explained: Article 131, on which Kerala has based its challenge

To ease burden on rehabilitation centres, govt to give free OPD access to addicts (Mint) govt to give free OPD access to addicts

Explained: How is a language declared ‘classical’ in India, what benefits it enjoys (IE) How is a language declared ‘classical’ in India, what benefits it enjoys .

A regime that chooses its critics (TH) NGOs need to tread carefully when they criticise the regime, knowing that too … No government should ever be able to choose its own critics.

The long wait for empowered mayors (TH) Mayors in many global cities go on to lead their country; in India it is the opposite story, with politics to be blamed.

Hallmarking made must for gold jewellery (TH) No jeweller will be allowed to sell gold jewellery or artefacts without hallmark from the Bureau of Indian Standards from January 15, 2021,

Union Consumer Affairs Minister Shri Ram Vilas Paswan asserts Gold hallmarking being made mandatory to ensure consumers are not cheated, are better informed about purity and corruption is removed (PIB) Union Consumer Affairs Minister Shri Ram Vilas Paswan asserts Gold hallmarking being made mandatory to ensure consumers are not cheated

GS2: Social issues

‘Policy on rare diseases another piece of paper (TH) Calling it just another piece of paper that is far from reality, groups working in the area of rare diseases in India have said that the National

Explained: What is the Centre’s recent policy for treatment of rare diseases? (IE) Under the policy, there are three categories of rare diseases

ASER flags poor learning outcomes in rural schools (TH) nly 16% of children in Class 1 in 26 surveyed rural districts can read text at the prescribed level, while almost 40nnot even recognise

How mother’s education correlates with child’s school and ability (IE) Around 25 year ago, when the project began, it took off quickly because “parents, especially mothers, wanted their children to go to pre-schools just like the children of the middle-class families in the apartments where they worked”. Daily News Prescription January 2020

GS3: Science and Technology

Explained: Why eruption of a tiny, ‘complex’ volcano is causing concern (IE) Explained: Why eruption of a tiny, ‘complex’ volcano is causing concern

GS3: Environment

CRZ rules eased for ‘Blue Flag’ beaches (TH) Centre eases CRZ rules for ‘Blue Flag’ beaches

GS3: Economy

Why the CCI is getting worried about e-tail wags (Mint) The CCI on Monday ordered a probe against Amazon

GS1: Indian Society

Top institutes will now be graded on gender equality (ToI) The ministry of science and technology will grade higher educational institutions and research institutes that it funds on gender equality

GS2: Governance

Shri Dharmendra Pradhan to launch ‘Saksham’, annual one-month long, people centric fuel conservation mega campaign of PCRA on 16th January, 2020 (PIB)  ‘Saksham’, an annual one-month long, people-centric fuel conservation mega campaign of Petroleum

GS2: International Relations

Russian govt resigns after Putin calls for constitutional revamp (Mint) The entire Russian government abruptly resigned on Wednesday after President Vladimir Putin proposed constitutional changes

Malaysia, ‘unsympathetic to Indian concerns’, may pay the price now (Mint) Tensions between India and Malaysia have grown after several statements by Malaysia.

Malaysia’s palm oil trade meets a Kashmir hurdle (Mint) The move will hit Malaysia, the main supplier to India of refined palm oil

GS2: Social Issues

THE GEOGRAPHY OF FARMER SUICIDES (Mint) The overall farmer suicide rate decreases in India but Maharashtra, Karnataka and Kerala

GS3: Economy

How RBI’s ‘twisting’ banks to cut rates (ToI) What’s the idea behind RBI’s ‘Operation Twist’ As banks have passed on only a part of rate cuts,

GS3: Economy

Telling Numbers: Indian passport ranked 84th in the world, Japan’s on top (IE) Indian passport ranked 84th in the world, Japan’s on to

GS1: Art & Culture

Inscriptions confirm the presence of two medieval monasteries at Moghalmari (TH) A study of inscriptions on clay tablets recovered from recent excavations at Moghalmari, a Buddhist monastic site of the early medieval period

GS2: Governance

Maharashtra, Gujarat lag behind in compensation for sewer deaths (TH)  Of the 926 deaths inside sewers in the country, from 1993 till December 31, 2019, families of 172 victims were yet to receive compensation,

Govt. launches road accident database (TH) The government on Monday launched a central accident database management system that will help in analyzing the causes of road crashes

GS3: Economy

Govt. gets cracking on GST evaders with data analytics (TH) Official teams have booked 6641 cases involving 7164 entities till November last year and have, so far, recovered about ₹1057 crore.

Inflation shock after GDP slump (Mint) Inflation shock after GDP growth slump.

RBI monetary policy committee’s first real inflation challenge is here (Mint)Vegetables and pulses drove a surge in headline inflation as the govt faltered on food management.  Retail inflation — The big worry: Spike comes in the wake of the global increase in food prices 

Small policy tweaks could be all that we need to revive MSMEs (Mint) Reducing payment delays by state-run firms could solve their credit … Opinion | Small policy tweaks could be all that we need to revive MSMEs.

GS1: Art & Culture

Rongali Bihu artists decry order on cheque payments (TH) Assam’s Goods and Services Tax authority has asked the Bihu committees across Assam to make all transactions, including payments

Explained: How Swami Vivekananda became the ‘messenger of Indian wisdom’ to the West (IE) Vivekananda was born in Kolkata on January 12, 1863, as Narendra Nath … Vivekananda became the ‘messenger of Indian wisdom’ to West

Villagers give up stone-throwing ritual at Buddhist site (TH) Indian villagers riot over ban on the stone-throwing festival. Indian villagers rioted after police tried to enforce a ban on a bizarre annual stone-throwing ritual which often leaves people dead or

GS2: Governance

Kerala luxury apartments razed using controlled blasts (TH) The court had even ensured the personal presence of Kerala Chief Secretary Tom Jose for

Explained: What are CRZ rules, which the demolished Maradu flats violated (IE) In India, the Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) Rules govern human and industrial

Lessons from Maradu (TH)The four high-rise luxury apartment complexes in Maradu municipality in Kochi, which violated Coastal Regulation Zone (CRZ) notifications

No ‘wordplay’ in health insurance policies: IRDAI (TH) Health insurance policy clauses, at least a clutch that is common, will soon be easier to comprehend,

Explained: NASA’s Artemis mission and the Indian American in its new astronaut cohort (IE) Explained: NASA’s Artemis mission and the Indian American in its new … Indian American Raja Chari is among 11 new astronauts who joined

Tripura HC says social media posting a fundamental right (TH) In a landmark order, the High Court of Tripura ordered the police to refrain from prosecuting a man who was earlier arrested over a social media post. Chief Justice Akil Kureshi also barred the police from making any further arrest in connection with the case. Daily News Prescription January 2020

CCI to get more teeth to regulate tech M&As (Mint)  Deal size is likely to become part of CCI’s criteria for vetting global M&As that have relevance to the Indian market

Matter of interpretation (TH) Overall crime rate in India in 2018 increased marginally since 2016

The warp and weft of religious liberty (TH) In expounding the scope and extent of freedom of religion, the Supreme Court faces a difficult question of balance.

Private property is a fundamental right, says SC (TH) Private property is a fundamental right: Supreme Court … then claim ownership of the land in the name of ‘adverse possession’, the court said

India’s under-5 girls face high mortality (TH) India’s under-5 mortality of girls exceeds that of boys, unlike global

GS3: Security

India amends rules for U.S. airlines (TH) In an effort to resolve a persistent concern of the U.S., India will make exceptions for American airlines on its ground handling regulations.

GS3: Environment

Rajasthan to get first biotech park soon (TH) Rajasthan will shortly get its first biotechnology park and an incubation center, for which a memorandum of understanding will be signed

Why are bushfires raging in Australia? (TH) The story so far: Australia’s bushfires have razed more than 10.3 million hectares (103,300 sq km) of land — roughly the size of South Korea

Species-rich forests offer stable carbon capture (TH) Teak, eucalyptus plantations had 43% and 55% less carbon storage than natural forests, respectively.

India should lead in the fight against multidrug-resistant pathogens (TH) India is already the major vaccine provider for children across the world. Daily News Prescription January

Kaziranga has one of the highest number of wetland birds (TH) Kaziranga, home of the world’s most one-horned rhinos, has 96 species of wetland birds — one of the highest for wildlife preserves in India.

Crocodile population on the rise in Odisha’s Ghodahada reservoir (TH) Twenty-one mugger crocodiles live in ten village ponds adjoining Ghodahada reservoir of Odisha’s Ganjam district that houses 44 of these reptiles.​

GS3: Science and Technology

LCA Navy variant successfully lands on INS Vikramaditya (TH) The Naval variant of the indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA)-Mk1 … LCA Navy did an arrested landing on INS Vikramaditya successfully

The Developmental Naval LCA Achieves Major Technological Milestone (PIB)  The Developmental Naval LCA Achieves Major Technological Milestone. The developmental LCA (N) MK1 achieved an important milestone. Daily News Prescription January 2020

New method better estimates melting of debris-covered Himalayan glaciers (TH) Their new method gives a better estimate of the glacier’s melting than existing ones

Explained: What is H9N2, which has infected Indian children? (IE) The child had fever, cough, breathlessness, and difficulty in feeding for two days after illness onset on January 31, 2019,

GS3: Infrastructure

Explained: The significance of the Kolkata port, renamed by PM Modi (IE) Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Sunday (January 12) renamed the Kolkata Port Trust after Bharatiya Jana Sangh founder Dr. Syama Prasad. Daily News Prescription January

Daily News Prescription - MYUPSC IAS Prelims 2020 Solved Test Series

Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

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Rajasthan Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

1. Introduction of Rajasthan

2. Current Affairs (Whole Year)

3. Practice Questions

Rajasthan Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like RPSC and Other Rajasthan State PSC exams across the state. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Rajasthan based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.

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Introduction Of Rajasthan

The Rajasthan state was earlier known as Rajputana came into existence on March 30, 1949.

Rajasthan, situated at the northwestern part of India is the biggest state in the country of India and lies between 23°30′ and 30° 11′ North latitude and 69° 29′ and 78° 17′ East longitude. The state shares its north-western and western boundary with the Indo-Pakistan international border that extends about 1,070 km and touches the major districts Barmer, Bikaner, Sriganganagar and Jaisalmer. It is bounded on the west and northwest by Pakistan, on the north and northeast by Haryana &Uttar Pradesh, on the south-southeast and southwest by Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat States respectively. The huge portion of the state of Rajasthan is desiccated and houses the biggest Indian desert- the Thar Desert known as the ‘Maru-kantar’. The oldest chain of fold mountains- the Aravali range splits the state into two geographical zones- desert at one side and forest belt on the other. Only 10% of the total geographical region lies under forest vegetation. The Mount abu is the only hill station of the state and houses the Guru Shikhar Peak that is the highest peak of the Aravali range with an elevation of 1,722 m. The area to the east of the hills is covered by the eastern plains and the Vindhyan plateau. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

The north-western state of Rajasthan is the largest Indian state with an area of 3, 42,239sq.km comprising of the 10.74% of the total geographical area of the country. This state has a type of rhomboid shape and stretches lengthwise 869 km. from west to east and 826 km. from north to south. The Tropic of Cancer passes through its south tip in its Banswara district.

The Aravalli ranges are India’s oldest fold mountains. The north end of the Aravalli range continues as secluded hills and rocky ridges into Haryana and ending in Delhi.

The Aravalli Range and the lands to the east and southeast of the range are generally more fertile and better watered. This region is home to the Kathiawar-Gir dry deciduous forests eco-region with tropical dry broadleaf forests that include teak, Acacia and other trees. The hilly Vagad region lies in southernmost Rajasthan on the border with Gujarat. With the exception of Mount Abu, Vagad is the wettest region in Rajasthan and the most heavily forested. North of Vagad lays the mewar region home to the cities of Udaipur and Chittaurgarh in Rajasthan. The Hadoti region lies to the southeast on the border with Madhya Pradesh. The dhundhar region is located in the north of Hadoti and mewar is also known as home to the state capital of Jaipur in Rajasthan. Mewat, the easternmost region of Rajasthan borders with Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. Eastern and southeastern Rajasthan is drained by the Banas and Chambal rivers, tributaries of the Ganges. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

The Aravalli outline most important divisions of Rajasthan. The Chambal River which is the only large and perennial river in the state originates from its drainage to the east of this range and flows northeast. Its principal tributary the Banas rises in the Aravali near Kumbhalgarh and collects all the drainage of the Mewar plateau. Farther in north the Banganga after rising near Jaipur in Rajasthan flow east-wards before disappearing. The Luni is the only significant river located in west of the Aravali. It rises in the Pushkar valley of Ajmer and flows 320 km west-southwest into the Rann of Kachchh. Northeast of the Luni basin in the Shekhawati tract, is an area of internal drainage characterized by salt lakes, the largest of which is Sambhar Salt Lake. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

Rajasthan has varying topographic features though a major part of the state is dominated by parched and dry region. The extensive topography includes rocky terrain, rolling sand dunes, wetlands and barren tracts of land filled with thorny scrubs, river-drained plains, plateaus, ravines and wooded regions.

Rajasthan has its important role in drainage system and some very useful rivers flow /originates through rajasthan. Chambal, Banas, Sabarmati, Mithari, Parbati, Berach, Saraswati, Jawai and Luni Rivers are important.

The soil and vegetation of Rajasthan alters with its wide-ranging topography of the state and the availability of water. The varied kind of soils available in Rajasthan are mostly sandy, saline, alkaline and chalky (calcareous). Clay, loamy, black lava soil and nitrogenous soils are also found. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

The seasonal vegetation such as a few grass species, shrubs and dwarf trees can be found owing to the limited rainfall. However food crops are grown in the plains that are drained by the rivers and streamlets owing to the alluvial and clay soil deposits. The hilly tracts of the Aravali are characterized by the black, lava soils that sustain the growth of cotton and sugarcane. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

The Thar Desert or the Great Indian Desert encompasses about 70% of total landmass of Rajasthan and hence it is identified as the “Desert State of India”. The Rajasthan desert which forms a major portion of the Thar Desert is the biggest desert in India and encompasses the districts of Jaisalmer, Barmer, Bikaner and Jodhpur. In fact the Rajasthan desert comprises the desert triangle of three cities – Jaisalmer, Bikaner and Jodhpur. Thar Desert extends from Sutlej River bounded by aravali ranges on the eastern part and on the southern part by the Great Rann of Kutch and on the western side by the Indus River. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

The desert becomes very hot during the summer and it experiences extreme climate with an average annual rainfall less than 25 cm. Days are hot and the nights are cold here. The Vegetation consists of thorny bushes, shrubs and xerophilious grass. Various species of lizards and snakes are found here. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

Rajasthan has varying climate like its varying topography. The weather and climate of the Rajasthan can be broadly classified into four distinct seasons. They are – Pre-monsoon, which is the hot season preceding the monsoon and extends from April to June, the Monsoon that occurs in the month of June in the eastern region and mid- July in the western arid regions.  The Post-monsoon that commences from mid-September and continues till November and the winter that extends from December to March while January being the coldest month of the year. The average temperature in winter ranges from 8° to 28° C and in summer the average temperature range from 25° to 46° C. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

Different Regions of Rajasthan:

1. Ahirwal- This include some part of Haryana too along with Rajasthan. Alwar and Bharatpur in Rajasthan, Mahendragarh and Gurgaon in Haryana are part of this region.

2. Bagar tract- This include regions of Fatehabad and Sirsa (Haryana); Hanumangarh and Sriganganagar (Rajasthan).

3. Dhundhar- “Jaipur region” include districts – Jaipur, Dausa, Sawai Madhopur, Tonk and northern part of Karauli.

4. Gorwar- South-western part of Rajasthan; having historical capitals- Nadol, Chandrawati and Sirohi. It covers region of Jalore, Sirohi and southern portion of Pali.

5. Hadoti- districts like Bundi, Baran, Jhalawar and Kota are part of this region.

6. Marwar- “Jodhpur region” includes district of Barmer, Jodhpur, Jalore, Nagaur and Pali.

7.  Mewar- South- central region of Rajasthan: In this region the districts covered are- Bhilwara, Chittorgarh, Rajsamand, Udaipur, Pirawa tehsil of Jhalawar (Rajasthan), Neemuch and Mandsaur of M.P. and some parts of Gujarat.

8. Mewat- In this region area covered is the Hathin tehsil and Nuh district of Haryana; Tijara, Kishangarh Bas, Ramgarh and Laxmangarh tehsil. Aravalli range in Alwar district, Pahari, Nagaur, Kaman tehsils in Bharatpur district of Rajasthan and some part of Mathura district of U.P. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

9. Shekhawati- district like Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Churu and a part of Nagaur and Jaipur.

10. Vagad- region in south-eastern Rajasthan. Boundaries roughly defined by districts of Dungarpur and Banswara. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

Rajasthan: Important Facts

Area 342,239 km2  (Biggest state of India in terms of land)
Population 6.85 cr (2011 census)
Language Official language (Hindi), Additional official language (English) and Rajasthani (Devanagari is a language of the Indo-Aryan languages family.
Climate Rajasthan has a tropical desert climate. It is extremely cold from October to February while the scorching sun tortures the land from March to September.
Capital  Jaipur
Election Seats    25 Seats in General Election (Lok Sabha) and 200 Seats in Legislative Assembley (Vidhan Sabha) Elections.
Legislature Unicameral
Major Cities (population) Jaipur (3,073,349), Jodhpur(1,138,300), Kota(1,001,365), Bikaner(647,804), Ajmer(551,101), Udaipur(474,531) and Bhilwara(360,009)
Famous Lakes Rajsamand Lake, Sambhar lake, Udai Sagar Lake, Nakki Lake, Kaylana Lake, Raj Bagh Talao, Malik Talao, Lake Fateh Sagar, Gadsisar Lake, Lake Pichhola, Swaroop Sagar Lake, Udai Sagar Lake, Raj Bagh Talao etc.
Average annual rainfall (mm) 313-675
The Thar Desert Jaisalmer, Barmer, Bikaner and Jodhpur (The Thar desert or the Great Indian desert encompasses about 70% of total landmass of Rajasthan and hence it is identified as the “Desert State of India”.)
Literacy 66.11 %
Districts 33
Sex Ratio (as per 2011 census) 928 per Thousand male
Child sex Ratio 888 (census 2011)
Famous Folk Dances Bhavai Dance, Chari Dance, Drum Dance, Fire Dance, Gair Dance, Ghoomar Dance ( by Bhil tribe),Kachhi Ghodi dance, Kalbelia Dance(‘Sapera Dance or Snake Charmer),Kathak Dance, Kathputli Dance.
Fair and Festivals Desert Festival-Jaisalmer, Nagaur Fair-Nagaur, Pushkar Fair- Pushkar, Summer Festival-Mt. Abu, Marwar Festival-Jodhpur, Camel Race Festival-Bikaner, Gangaur Festival-Jaipur, Teej Festival-Jaipur, Mewar Festival-Udaipur, Urs Festival-Ajmer, Kaila Devi Fair-Karauli, Summer Festival-Mount Abu, Dusshera –Kota
World Heritage Sites   The six forts — Chittorgarh, Kumbhalgarh, Jaisalmer, Ranthambhore (Sawai Madhopur), Gagaron (Jhalawar) and Amber (Jaipur) were recognised as serial World Heritage Sites in the 37th session of the world heritage committee (WHC) in Phnom Penh, Cambodia .
Principal Crops Barley, Wheat, Gram, Pulses, Oil Seeds, Bajra, Pulses, Jowar, Maize,  Ground Nuts, fruits and vegetables and spices.etc.
Principal Minerals Wollastonite (100%), Jasper(100%), Zinc concentrate (99%), Fluorite(96%), Gypsum(93%),Marble(90%), Asbestos(89%), Calcite(70%), Phosphate rock(75%), Mica, Copper, Silver and Natural Gas & Petroleum

District-wise Population-List (As per census – 2011)

District Population Area (km2) Po. Density Sex-ratio
Jaipur 66,26,178 11,143 595 910
Jodhpur 36,87,165 22,850 161 916
Alwar 36,74,179 8,380 438 895
Nagaur 33,07,743 17,718 187 950
Udaipur 30,68,420 11,724 262 958
Sikar 26,77,333 7,732 346 947
Barmer 26,03,751 28,387 92 902
Ajmer 25,83,052 8,481 305 951
Bharatpur 25,48,462 5,066 503 880
Bhilwara 24,08,523 10,455 230 973
Bikaner 23,63,937 30,239 78 905
Jhunjhunun 21,37,045 5,928 361 950
Churu 20,39,547 13,835 147 940
Pali 20,37,573 12,387 164 987
Ganganagar 19,69,168 10,978 179 887
Kota 19,51,014 5,217 374 911
Jalore 18,28,730 10,640 172 952
Banswara 17,97,485 4,522 397 980
Hanumangarh 17,74,692 9,656 184 906
Dausa 16,34,409 3,432 476 905
Chittaurgarh 15,44,338 7,822 197 972
Karauli 14,58,248 5,524 264 861
Tonk 14,21,326 7,194 198 952
Jhalawar 14,11,129 6,219 227 946
Dungarpur 13,88,552 3,770 368 994
SawaiMadhopur 13,35,551 4,498 297 897
Baran 12,22,755 6,992 175 929
Dhaulpur 12,06,516 3,033 398 846
Rajsamand 11,56,597 4,655 248 990
Bundi 11,10,906 5,776 192 925
Sirohi 10,36,346 5,136 202 940
Pratapgarh 8,67,848 4,449 195 983
Jaisalmer 6,69,919 38,401 17 852

Political Background of Rajasthan

The Human settlement record in Rajasthan state dates back to around 5000 years ago with sections of Rajasthan at the spirit of the Indus Valley Civilization. This area was earlier known as Gurjaratra, the area protected and ruled by the Gurjars. Later the name changed to Rajputana. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

George Thomas was the first in 1800, to term this region the Rajputana Agency. The historian John Keay in his book, India: A History stated that the Rajputana name was coined by the British but that the word achieved a retrospective authenticity: in an 1829 translation of Ferishta’s history of early Islamic India, John Briggs discarded the phrase “Indian princes”, as rendered in Dow’s earlier version, and substituted “Rajpoot princes”. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

James Tod was the first one to use the name Rajasthan. He mentioned it in his book Annals and Antiquities of Rajasthan or the Central and Western Rajpoot States of India, prior to that the land was called as Rajputana by the Britishers in 1800. The place was never untied so there is no defined boundary of Rajputana. As there were more Rajput kings, this leads to the name Rajputana.

We actually do not have any other name of Rajasthan prior to Rajputana as first mentioned that they were never united and once the Britishers started ruling India they gave it a name Rajputana.

In ancient period west of western Rajasthan was called Maru. Central Rajasthan was Shakambhari, SE Rajasthan was under Malwa state and a whole it was in “Aryavarta“. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

The unification of Rajasthan was completed in seven stages, and resulted in Rajasthan as we see it today.

The credit for the unification goes to the ‘Iron man of India’, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel.

What is unification?

The act, process, or result of bringing or coming together into or as if into a single unit or group unification of a divided state or nation.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is not only known for the unification of rajasthan but he united India by merging different princely states. He keeps forming unions, by luring the Princes of different states for the post of head of United States.

The ruler of largest state was made the Head of State and then when a new state was merged with the union, the prince of that state was made the head.

To keep others in good gesture, new posts of Deputy Head, and Prime Minister were also introduced.

Integration of Rajasthan
Seven Stages of formation of Rajasthan 
(1948-1956)

S.No. Name of Group States Date of Integration
1. Matsya Union Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli 17-03-1948
2. Rajasthan Union Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalawar, Kishangarh, Kota, Pratapgarh, Shahpura, Tonk. 25-03-1948
3. United State of Rajasthan Udaipur also joined with the other Union of Rajasthan. 18-04-1948
4. Greater Rajasthan Bikaner, Jaipur, Jaisalmer & Jodhpur also joined with the United State of Rajasthan. 30-03-1949
5. United State of Greater Rajasthan Matsya Union also merged in Greater Rajasthan 15-05-1949
6. United Rajasthan 18 States of United Rajasthan merged with Princely State Sirohi except Abu and Delwara. 26-01-1950
7. Re-organised Rajasthan Under the State Re-organisation Act, 1956 the erstwhile part ‘C’ State of Ajmer, Abu Road Taluka, former part of princely State Sirohi which was merged in former Bombay, State and Sunel Tappa region of the former Madhya Bharat merged with Rajasthan and Sironj subdistrict of Jhalawar district was transferred to Madhya Pradesh. 01-11-1956

(1)17 March 1948: Formation of ‘Matsya Union’

The states of Alwar, Bharatpur, Dholpur and Karauli Joined to form the “Matsya Sangh” and Dholpur Ruler, Udaybhan Singh was chosen as the Union Head or Rajpramukh, along with Shobaram Kumawat from Alwar of Indian National Congress was the Prime Minister of the State from 18 March 1948 till 15 May 1949.

On 15 May 1949, the Matsya Union was merged with Greater Rajasthan to form the United State of Greater Rajasthan, which later became the state of Rajasthan on 26 January 1950.

(2) 25 March 1948: Constituting of Rajasthan Union

Separate from Matsya Sangh, the states of Banswara, Bundi, Dungarpur, Jhalawar, Kota, Tonk, Pratapgarh, Kishangarh and Shahpura Joined to from another union known as Rajasthan Union.

Bhim Singh of Kota was chosen as the Head of the state, Kota being the largest of the unified states. Bhadursingh of Bundi was appointed as the Deputy Head.

(3)  18 April 1948: United States of Rajasthan

Subsequently the Udaipur state (Mewar) also got united in Rajasthan union on April 18, 1948. The name was then changed to United Rajasthan. The State of Udaipur was also made to join the union, by Sardar Patel, by giving the perks of the Head of State of new union and Udaipur was also made the capital of Union.

Three days after inauguration of Rajasthan Union, the Maharana of Udaipur decided to join this Union which was accepted. The Maharana of Udaipur was appointed as Rajpramukh and the Kota Naresh was appointed as Up- Rajpramukh of this Union and the Cabinet was formed under the leadership of Shri Manikya Lal Verma. This United States of Rajasthan was inaugurated by Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru on 18 April, 1948. Rajasthan GK Yearbook 2020

(4) 30 March 1949: Greater Rajasthan

The formation of the United States of Rajasthan paved the way for the merger of big states like Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Jaipur and Jodhpur with the Union and formation of Greater Rajasthan. It was formally inaugurated on 30 March, 1949 by Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel. The Maharana Bhupal Singh of Udaipur was appointed as the Maha-Rajpramukh and the Kota Naresh was appointed as the Up- Rajpramukh and the Cabinet was formed under the leadership of Shri Hira Lala Shastri.

It was the most important step in Unification process, and that is why 30 March is also celebrated as the Rajasthan Day.

(5)15 May 1949: United States of Greater Rajasthan

On 15 May, 1949 Finally Matsya Union was merged with Greater Rajasthan. The post of Prime minister was discontinued and a Chief Minister office was constituted. Hiralal Shastri became the first Chief Minister of Rajasthan.

(6) 26 January 1950: United Rajasthan

18 states of United Rajasthan & princely state of Sirohi got merged with exception of Abu & Delwara. It was completed by 26 Jan 1950.

Sirohi was the last princely state to be merged into the union, and United Rajasthan came into being. The name of Rajasthan was given duly to the union.

(7)  State Re-organization Act (1956)

This stage completed the integration, formation and reorganization of state of Rajasthan and took place because of State Re-organization Act of 1956. Under this, the erstwhile part ‘C’ State of Ajmer, Abu Road Taluka, former part of princely State Sirohi which was merged in former Bombay State and Sunel Tappa region of the former Madhya Bharat merged with Rajasthan and Sironj subdistrict of Jhalawar district was transferred to Madhya Pradesh. The process got completed on 1 November 1956 and Mohanlal Sukhadia became Chief Minister and Gurumukh Nihal Singh became Governor.

Some facts related to unification process of Rajasthan:

  1. The ruler of Jodhpur, Hanwant Singh, wanted to join the Union of Pakistan but due to the efforts of Patel and V.P. Menon, finally agreed to accede to India.
  2. Banswara State Maharawal, Chandra veer Singh, while signing the accession documents, commented, “I am signing on my death warrant“.
  3. Jodhpur was the largest state while Shahpura was the smallest in terms of area.
  4. Tonk was the only state under Muslim Ruler, while Bharatpur and Dholpur were under Jat Rajas, remaining was under Rajputs.

Rajasthan is a state in northern India. The state covers an area of 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 sq mi) or 10.4 percent of the total geographical area of India. It is the largest Indian state by area and the seventh largest by population. Rajasthan is located on the northwestern side of India, where it comprises most of the wide and inhospitable Thar Desert (also known as the “Great Indian Desert”) and shares a border with the Pakistani provinces of Punjab to the northwest and Sindh to the west, along the Sutlej-Indus river valley. Elsewhere it is bordered by five other Indian states: Punjab to the north; Haryana and Uttar Pradesh to the northeast; Madhya Pradesh to the southeast; and Gujarat to the southwest.

Major features include the ruins of the Indus Valley Civilisation at Kalibanga and Balathal, the Dilwara Temples, a Jain pilgrimage site at Rajasthan’s only hill station, Mount Abu, in the ancient Aravalli mountain range and in eastern Rajasthan, the Keoladeo National Park near Bharatpur, a World Heritage Site known for its bird life. Rajasthan is also home to three national tiger reserves, the Ranthambore National Park in Sawai Madhopur, Sariska Tiger Reserve in Alwar and Mukundra Hill Tiger Reserve in Kota……………

The state was formed on 30 March 1949 when Rajputana – the name adopted by the British Raj for its dependencies in the region – was merged into the Dominion of India. Its capital and largest city is Jaipur. Other important cities are Jodhpur, Kota, Bikaner, Ajmer and Udaipur. The economy of Rajasthan is the ninth-largest state economy in India with ₹9.24 lakh crore in gross domestic product and a per capita GDP of ₹108,000, Rajasthan ranks 22nd among Indian states in human development index.

Parts of what is now Rajasthan were partly part of the Vedic Civilisation and Indus Valley Civilization. Kalibangan, in Hanumangarh district, was a major provincial capital of the Indus Valley Civilization. Another archaeological excavation at Balathal site in Udaipur district shows a settlement contemporary with the Harrapan civilisation dating back to 3000 – 1500 BC.

Stone Age tools dating from 5,000 to 200,000 years were found in Bundi and Bhilwara districts of the state. Matsya Kingdom of the Vedic civilisation of India is said to roughly correspond to the former state of Jaipur in Rajasthan and included the whole of Alwar with portions of Bharatpur. The capital of Matsya was at Viratnagar (modern Bairat), which is said to have been named after its founder king Virata.

Bhargava identifies the two districts of Jhunjhunu and Sikar and parts of Jaipur district along with Haryana districts of Mahendragarh and Rewari as part of Vedic state of Brahmavarta. Bhargava also locates the present day Sahibi River as the Vedic Drishadwati River, which along with Saraswati River formed the borders of the Vedic state of Brahmavarta. Manu and Bhrigu narrated the Manusmriti to a congregation of seers in this area only. Ashrams of Vedic seers Bhrigu and his son Chayvan Rishi, for whom Chyawanprash was formulated, were near Dhosi Hill part of which lies in Dhosi village of Jhunjhunu district of Rajasthan and part lies in Mahendragarh district of Haryana.

The Western Kshatrapas (405–35 BC), the Saka rulers of the western part of India, were successors to the Indo-Scythians, and were contemporaneous with the Kushans, who ruled the northern part of the Indian subcontinent. The Indo-Scythians invaded the area of Ujjain and established the Saka era (with their calendar), marking the beginning of the long-lived Saka Western Satraps state.

The Gurjar Pratihar Empire acted as a barrier for Arab invaders from the 8th to the 11th century. The chief accomplishment of the Gurjara-Pratihara Empire lies in its successful resistance to foreign invasions from the west, starting in the days of Junaid. Historian R. C. Majumdar says that this was openly acknowledged by the Arab writers. He further notes that historians of India have wondered at the slow progress of Muslim invaders in India, as compared with their rapid advance in other parts of the world. Now there seems little doubt that it was the power of the Gurjara Pratihara army that effectively barred the progress of the Arabs beyond the confines of Sindh, their only conquest for nearly 300 years.

Traditionally the Rajputs, Gurjars, Jats, Meenas, Bhils, Rajpurohit, Charans, Yadavas, Bishnois, Meghwals, Sermals, Rajput Malis and other tribes made a great contribution in building the state of Rajasthan. All these tribes suffered great difficulties in protecting their culture and the land. Millions of them were killed trying to protect their land. Brahmins, according to Outlook constituted 8% to 10% of the population of Rajasthan as per a 2003 report, but only 7% in a 2007 report. According to a 2007 DNA India report, 12.5% of the states are Brahmins.

Prithviraj Chauhan defeated the invading Muhammad Ghori in the First Battle of Tarain in 1191. In 1192 CE, Muhammad Ghori decisively defeated Prithviraj at the Second Battle of Tarain. After the defeat of Chauhan in 1192 CE, a part of Rajasthan came under Muslim rulers. The principal centers of their powers were Nagaur and Ajmer. Ranthambhore was also under their suzerainty. At the beginning of the 13th century, the most prominent and powerful state of Rajasthan was Mewar. The Rajputs resisted the Muslim incursions into India, although a number of Rajput kingdoms eventually became subservient to the Delhi Sultanate.

The Rajputs put up resistance to the Islamic invasions with their warfare and chivalry for centuries. The Rana’s of Mewar led other kingdoms in its resistance to outside rule. Rana Hammir Singh defeated the Tughlaq dynasty and recovered a large portion of Rajasthan. The indomitable Rana Kumbha defeated the Sultans of Malwa and Gujarat and made Mewar the most powerful Rajput Kingdom in India. The ambitious Rana Sanga united the various Rajput clans and fought against the foreign powers in India. Rana Sanga defeated the Afghan Lodi Empire of Delhi and crushed the Turkic Sultanates of Malwa and Gujarat. Rana Sanga then tried to create an Indian empire but was defeated by the first Mughal Emperor Babur at Khanua. The defeat was due to betrayal by the Tomar king Silhadi of Raisen. After Rana Sangas death there was no one who could check the rapid expansion of the Mughal Empire.

Hem Chandra Vikramaditya, the Hindu Emperor, was born in the village of Macheri in Alwar District in 1501. He won 22 battles against Afghans, from Punjab to Bengal including states of Ajmer and Alwar in Rajasthan, and defeated Akbar’s forces twice at Agra and Delhi in 1556 at Battle of Delhi before acceding to the throne of Delhi and establishing the “Hindu Raj” in North India, albeit for a short duration, from Purana Quila in Delhi. Hem Chandra was killed in the battlefield at Second Battle of Panipat fighting against Mughals on 5 November 1556.

During Akbar’s reign most of the Rajput kings accepted Mughal suzerainty, but the rulers of Mewar (Rana Udai Singh II) and Marwar (Rao Chandra sen Rathore) refused to have any form of alliance with the Mughals. To teach the Rajputs a lesson Akbar attacked Udai Singh and killed Rajput commander Jaimal of Chittor and the citizens of Mewar in large numbers. Akbar killed 20 – 25,000 unarmed citizens in Chittor on the grounds that they had actively helped in the resistance.

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Daily News Prescription – 10-12 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 10-12 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription 10-12 January 2020

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GS2: Governance

How India remains poor: As many as 22 states have become poorer (DTE) Latest NITI Aayog counts no state as ‘achiever

1023 Fast Track Special Courts will be set up for Speedy disposal of Rape and POCSO Act Cases (PIB) 1023 Fast Track Special Courts will be set up for Speedy disposal of Rape and POCSO Act Cases

U.P. tops list in crimes against women (TH)  As per the report, 3,59,849 cases of crime against women were reported in the country. Daily News Prescription

Telling Numbers: In India, police don’t care much for rights bodies (IE) Telling Numbers: In India, police don’t care much for rights bodies .. of human rights abuses and atrocities on women, children, and Dalits.

In crimes against women, rise in cases of rape with murder (IE)   From 223 cases of rape with murder in 2017, the count increased to 291 in 2018. Assam recorded the highest number at 66 followed by Madhya Pradesh (46) 

Telling numbers: In riot cases, signature of economy (IE) Latest NCRB crime report shows shifting trends in causes of riots. The overall number of cases has dropped, driven by a decline in riot cases

GS2: Social issues

Teaching research ethics better (TH) Image preparation should be included as part of the UGC’s course on research ethics. Daily News Prescription

GS2: International Relations

Foreign envoys in J&K on a fact-finding visit (TH) A 15-member foreign envoys’ delegation arrived in Srinagar on a two-day visit to J&K and met over 100 people

GS2: International bodies and conventions

Nepal’s Seke ‘near-extinct’: The 6 degrees of endangerment of a language (IE)  Recently, The New York Times reported that the “near-extinct” Nepalese language Seke has just 700 speakers around the world

GS3: Science and Technology

What is the state of ‘open source’ in India today? (TH) The open source movement, which has focused on democratising technology access, has over a two-decade history in India.

GS3: Environment

Huge increase in open-loop scrubber usage in ships: Report (DTE) Open loop scrubbers release sulphur exhaust that they clean in ships back into the sea and are thus more harmful than closed-loop scrubbers.

Poison, unlimited: India’s chemicals industry remains dangerously (DTE) Poison, unlimited: India’s chemicals industry remains dangerously. India has failed to come up with effective legislations

Panel approves scheme to ‘trade’ in forests (TH) Panel approves scheme to ‘trade’ in forests. It allows Forest Dept. to outsource reforesting to non-government agencies.

GS3: Economy

60 listed firms disclose ₹75,000 cr. default (TH) SEBI had asked companies to disclose loan defaults at the end of every quarter»

Mining deep (TH)  While opening up the coal mining sector, the govt. must protect the interests of Coal India

GS3: Security

CDS and the path to jointmanship (TH)  The announcement on a Chief of Defence Staff (CDS) last year and the appointment of Gen. Bipin Rawat as the first CDS has been one of the

GS2: Governance

SC tells govt. to review orders curbing basic rights in J&K (TH) SC tells govt. to review orders curbing basic rights in J&K. It asks for publication of all orders on restrictions and review of the Net suspension

Eloquently reticent (TH) If enunciating the law and laying down norms for the exercise of executive power were the only functions of a constitutional court

Explained: The laws being used to suspend Internet, and what SC laid down (IE) Explained: The laws being used to suspend Internet, and what SC laid has laid down a framework of how the Internet can be suspended,

GS2: Social Issues

A health emergency (TH) Polio remains a concern despite concerted efforts across the world

Taking a holistic approach to dengue (TH) Apart from vaccination, this has to involve efficient vector control and proper case management

GS3: Internal Security

Steel mesh to replace fences on the borders (TH) The ‘rickety’ barbed wires along the Pakistan and Bangladesh border are being replaced with a meshed fence made of steel and coated

Shri Amit Shah inaugurates Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) in New Delhi; dedicates National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal to the Nation (PIB) Amit Shah inaugurates Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) … Centre (​I4C) and also dedicated the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal

GS3: Environment

All set for waterbird census in A.P. (TH) The ‘rickety’ barbed wires along the Pakistan and Bangladesh border are being replaced with a meshed fence made of steel and coated with anti-rust paint, a

Fact check: A Giant fish is declared extinct — how do scientists conclude that? (IE) But how did the study determine that it has gone extinct? Chinese researchers made this conclusion based on the Red List criteria

GS3: Economy

RBI chalks out financial inclusion strategy for 2024 (TH) Aims to ensure mobile access to financial services by all

Revamp of SEZ policy to meet challenges faced by exporters (PIB) Revamp of SEZ policy to meet challenges faced by exporters … of the Baba Kalyani report on Special Economic Zone (SEZ) policy of India.

Shri Dharmendra Pradhan to launch ‘Purvodaya’: Accelerated development of Eastern India through an Integrated Steel Hub (PIB) Shri Dharmendra Pradhan to launch ‘Purvodaya’: Accelerated development of Eastern India through an Integrated Steel Hub.

GS3: Infrastructure

Union Power Minister releases State Energy Efficiency Index 2019 (PIB) The index is developed by Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) in association with Alliance for an Energy-Efficient Economy (AEEE). It will help states contribute towards national goals on energy security and climate action by helping drive EE policies and program implementation at the state and local level, tracking progress in managing the states’ and India’s energy footprint and institutionalizing the data capture and monitoring of EE activities by states.

IEA Launches First In-depth Review of India’s Energy Policies (PIB) In partnership with NITI Aayog, International Energy Agency (IEA) today released the first in-depth review of India’s energy policies.

GS3: Science and Technology

This word means Coronavirus (IE) New virus identified as agent in China disease outbreak. Why is it called a coronavirus. Daily News Prescription

Daily News Prescription 10-12 January 2020. UPSC Prelims Exam

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  1. Crimes against women in the country are on the rise. Suggest reasons and provide solutions to tackle the situation.
  2. While foreign envoys are allowed to visit Kashmir, the members of the opposition are not. Examine the need for constructive opposition in the light of the statement.
  3. Fast Track courts are only a half-hearted solution to stopping heinous crimes. Comment.
  4. 24X7 electricity availability is the next big step in digitizing India. Examine the statement.
  5. What are FasTags? How are they being implemented, and what are the benefits expected?
  6. Elucidate upon the need of government assistance to the North Eastern India for development. Examine alternatives to government support.
  7. Examine the possibility of privatization of routes of the Indian Railways. What are some of the alternatives to privatisation?
  8. Examine the federal impact of the GST council. Mention the issues it faces and suggest reforms for the same.
  9. What is the Mutual Legal Assistance treaty? What are the issues associated with it and solutions to those?
  10. While e-Commerce threatens brick-and-mortar shops, it is because of them that the customer has emerged a winner. Comment. Also, highlight the issues related to ecommerce and suggest solutions.
  11. Solar power is important, but it has almost become unviable to sustain solar projects in India. Comment
  12. Capital punishments have seen equal support and resistance. Highlight the utility of capital punishment, and examine if it must be continued in India.
  13. Reducing IMR remains a persistent challenge in India. Mention the reasons and suggest the solutions for it.
  14. While secularism may work for the west, India needs pluralism. Comment
  15. Nobody seems happy with the crop insurance scheme in India. Highlight the issues and suggest solutions to improve it.
  16. US-Iran crisis can lead to significant consequences on India. Comment
  17. What are the PCA norms? Mention the importance of these in protecting the health of the banks.
  18. Climate change has the potential to impact all life forms. Comment
  19. Minority institutions must be granted the freedom, but the same must be accompanied with regulations. Comment
  20. Examine the utility of blockchain and AI in transforming governance. Highlight the constraints in achieving them.
  21. What are smog towers and how do they work? Mention some more innovative solutions to fight smog.
  22. Explain the impact of the double burden of malnutrition on demographic dividend in India. Examine some solutions to it.
  23. Government scheme implementation needs proper auditing. Highlight the role to be played by CAG. Examine the need for better provisions related to third party auditing and social audit.
  24. The WTO system needs complete overhaul. Comment
  25. The dark spots on the streets have become a hub for crimes against women. Highlight the steps taken and a way forward to improve the situation.
  26. Critically comment on the need for the Indian Laws to be gender-neutral.
  27. Discuss the need and the feasibility of All India Judicial Services. How is it different from the NJAC?
  28. What was Savitribai Phule’s impact on women’s education in India? Discuss.
  29. Critically comment on granting special rights to the UT of Jammu and Kashmir.
  30. What is NHRC? Critically comment upon its functions and powers.
  31. More programs are required on the lines of project tiger in the country. Comment
  32. Defection has become a major problem despite having a strong anti-defection law. Suggest the reforms required to improve the situation.
  33. Hunger and poverty in India stand as one of the major challenges. Highlight the strategy to eliminate them.
  34. Since criminals are getting smart, the police have to become smarter. Examine the statement through examples.
  35. While we have reached 100% rural ODF status, we remain far from total cleanliness. Comment on the statement and examine the need for cleanliness in India.
  36. Analyse the reasons and impacts of the forest fires. Suggest the measures to control them.
  37. Examine the need for creating a single energy ministry. Highlight the issues in achieving it.
  38. Elucidate upon the need for vaccinating the cattle in India. Mention the challenges and reform required to achieve 100% cattle vaccination.
  39. The poor financial health of the sugar factories has a direct impact on the rural economy of India. Comment
  40. Air India has become a burden, but it must not simply be sold off. Critically comment.
  41. Highlight the need for centre-state cooperation for sustainable development. Mention the role envisioned for the NITI Aayog.
  42. Dissent is the essence of democracy. In the light of the statement highlight the constitutional provisions to protect the freedom of speech in the country. Also mention some of the constraints and suggest a way forward.
  43. India’s green cover has been rising steadily. Mention the key steps in ensuring that the green cover keeps rising.
  44. What are open market operations? What is their impact on the economy?
  45. Artificial Intelligence can solve many of the problems that Indian railways face today. Critically comment.
  46. Digital payments have the potential to revolutionise the socio-economic framework of India. Comment
  47. Foreign investments are like double edged sword, which need to be handled cautiously. Comment
  48. “Good Governance” and “minimum government” go hand in hand. Do you agree? Justify your answer with suitable examples.
  49. Effective fund utilisation remains a key challenge in India. In the light of the statement, examine the need to reform Indian government’s fund utilisation for efficient service delivery.
  50. What is the need to insure the depositor’s money in the banks? What are the current provisions and what are the reforms suggested in the system?
  51. What is Arya samaj? Highlight Swami Shraddhanad’s role in Arya samaaj.
  52. Chief of defence can bring better coherence among the forces, but it can also lead to rise in friction among them. Critically comment.
  53. What are zero waste cities? Mention the challenges and benefits of achieving zero waste status in Indian cities.
  54. Northeastern India needs special economic zones, but with special protection of native culture. Comment
  55. MGNREGA has been a key legislation, but it needs drastic reforms. Comment.
  56. What is the basic structure of the Indian constitution, and why is it important to protect it. Explain with greater influence on secularism and freedom of expression.
  57. Examine the need to empower rural women. Highlight the role of self help groups in doing so.
  58. Indian businesses suffer due to stiff exit rules. Examine the prevailing situation and suggest reforms.
  59. Artificial intelligence is the key to future. Examine its importance in innovation and startup India programme.
  60. What is desertification? Highlight national and international efforts to limit it.
  61. Fiscal responsibility and discipline are required to ensure sustainable economic growth. Comment
  62. Cancer in India has become a major challenge, but the medical facilities are not apt enough to handle the crisis. Explain the issues and suggest reforms in ensuring cancer care in India.
  63. Disasters have been threatening the native ecosystems by bringing the foreign species. Comment
  64. What is the role of good governance in democracy? What steps need to be taken for improving the quality of governance in India?
  65. Groundwater conservation remains a major challenge in India. Explain the traditional and modern methods to improve the conservation in India.
  66. What is the post of Chief of Defence Staff? Examine the need for the post in the country?
  67. Examine the importance of India’s military co-operation with the world in the growing stature of India.
  68. What is Atal Bhujal Yojana? How is it significant amid the growing water crisis in the country?
  69. What is the National Population Register (NPR)?
  70. Railways’ workforce has been lurking for reforms and streamlining for too long. Critically comment.
  71. Mental disorders in India have become social disorder. Comment.
  72. Write a note on the Vaikkom Satyagraha. Mention the role played by Mahatma Gandhi in it.
  73. Accidents have not only dented the vehicles, but also Indian economy. In the light of the statement, explain the steps to improve the quality of roads in India.
  74. Indian steel sector is in dire needs of reforms. Comment.
  75. Elucidate upon the need to indigenise the defence production in India.
  76. India needs to resolve its boundary disputes for better collaboration with its neighbours. Comment.
  77. What are open market operations? How do they influence the economic situation in the country? How are they different from twist operations?
  78. Prevailing manual scavenging shows the deep inequality of the Indian society. Comment.
  79. What connects the NPR, NRIC, and Census? Evaluate the need of NRC in India.
  80. Fast food in India lacks in proper labelling. Mention the reason for latency and explain the solutions for the same.
  81. Road infrastructure plays a key role in ensuring all round regional development. Comment.
  82. Inequality adds to climate change. Critically analyse.
  83. Civil liberty goes much beyond freedom of speech. Elucidate.
  84. What is operation twist? What is its expected impact on the Indian economy?
  85. Highlight the impact of citizenship amendment act on India’s relationship with Afghanistan and Bangladesh.
  86. Indigenous production will have manifold impact on the defence as well as economy of the country. Comment.
  87. Critically comment on the voluntary population control program in India. 
  88. Highlight the issues caused by water pollution, and suggest solutions to tackle it. 
  89. Railways remains lifeline of the nation, but the lifeline is in dire need of reforms. Comment. 
  90. Indian medical system faces a unique challenge of poor diagnostics. Comment. 
  91. What is middle income trap and how can it threaten Indian economy?
  92. Evaluate the role of SEZ in regional development. 
  93. Critically analyse the system of reviews and appeals in the Indian criminal justice system.
  94. Critically analyse the recent amendments to the right to information act.
  95. No refugee crisis presents a deep humanitarian crisis. Critically evaluate in the light of recent developments.   
  96. Explain the impact of inflation on employment. Suggest how hyper-inflation can further degrade employment situation. 
  97. Internet revolution has the potential of transforming Indian villages. Comment
  98. Evaluate the need for increasing the size of the lok sabha. 
  99. Deputations must be done for learning and coherence, not vacancy filling. Critically comment. 
  100. What is GEM Samvaad? How is it going to influence the economic scenario in the country? 
  101. We need to ensure energy efficiency after ensuring energy availability to all. UPSC IAS MAINS 2020
  102. RTI must allow for the transparency in system, but it must also not hamper the already burdened officials. Comment
  103. Explain why has the world’s longest climate conference come on the verge of collapse.
  104. What is Ease of Doing Business report? Why is it important for India to rank higher in it?
  105. Shutting down the internet has multidimensional impacts. Comment
  106. Suggest methods to improve the fertiliser delivery systems in India efficient.
  107. India is well on the path of achieving its IMR and MMR targets. Mention the achievements made and the challenges remaining to completely eliminate these issues
  108. India’s manufacturing sector faces quality issues that hamper exports. Find these issues and highlight solutions to them.
  109. Natural disasters have a potential of overhauling the ecology of any region completely. Comment
  110. Modern transportation technology is required to deal with congestion and pollution. Comment
  111. AI can help learning in developed countries. Highlight its importance with respect to rural India.
  112. Critically evaluate the performance of the fast-track courts in India. Suggest solutions to improve them.
  113. Differently abled are yet to find social and systemic acceptance. Comment
  114. Ganga is not only the holiest for the humans, but also for other life forms. Comment
  115. Savings and Investments have a scalable impact on the growth prospects of a country. Comment
  116. Climate change can no longer be tackled with traditional solutions. It requires new approaches. Comment
  117. India’s research and development faces challenges on various levels. Mention the challenges and suggest reforms in the same.
  118. Forensics is a key aspect of investigation, but there are a lot of challenges in correct forensic analysis in India. Comment
  119. Leakages have reduced the effectiveness of government schemes. Explain. UPSC IAS MAINS 2020
  120. Water management is crucial, and remains a key feature of the sustainable development goals. Comment
  121. Custodial killings put a dark spot on the democracy. Explain.
  122. Social security in India is still a distant dream. Examine the statement in the light of the new Social security bill tabled in Lok sabha.
  123. Examine the IBC (second amendment) bill, 2019. Analyse the amendments and suggest a way forward.
  124. Citizenship amendment bill can have stark implications on the unique culture of the North East. Comment
  125. Congestion in Delhi is a leading cause of the city’s woes. Comment
  126. Examine the feasibility of delivering justice in rape cases within 21 days. Mention the reforms that would be required in the criminal justice system.
  127. Judicial appointments have been delayed due to structure and will. Critically comment.
  128. Elaborate the benefits and challenges of making the mid-day meal diverse.
  129. NPA crisis has shattered Indian banks. Mention the need to identify and address the challenge of NPAs.
  130. Identify the key factors behind citizen-centric governance.
  131. Encounters, like the one in Telangana, call attention to a criminal justice system in need of urgent reform. Critically comment.
  132. Lokpal has been a silent institution. Critically comment.
  133. Criminal Justice System in India is in dire need of structural and policy reforms. Comment
  134. Geriatric care must not only come from the family, but also from the state. Explain.
  135. The citizenship amendment bill can either heal, or scratch the wounds of partition. Comment
  136. What is trade protectionism? Explain its impact on the global economy.
  137. Crimes against women have put a question on the legal and social order of India. Critically comment. 
  138. Write a short note on the Paika rebellion. UPSC IAS MAINS 2020
  139. Analyse the growing need for effective healthcare delivery in the country. Mention the role immunisation can play in this.
  140. India China relations go far beyond border disputes. Comment
  141. Land reforms process was initiated at the time of independence, but it still haunts the economic growth. Critically analyse.
  142. Elaborate upon the need of FDI in economic growth of the country. Suggest issues with the FDI.
  143. India has been following a balanced approach between Israel and Palestine. Comment
  144. Jails in India are manufacturers of criminals. Explain and suggest methods to improve the jails in India. UPSC IAS MAINS 2020
  145. Indian criminal justice system needs significant reforms to reduce crime against women. Comment
  146. India’s diversity is displayed by the languages in India. Elaborate the statement in the light of various constitutional provisions.
  147. Have electoral bonds made a bad system worse? Critically comment.
  148. Rise of social media has been accompanied with the fake news. Mention the steps required to tackle fake news.
  149. Banking sector has been in rumbles, but its revival is necessary for economic growth of the nation. Comment
  150. Privacy is not only a legal, but a natural right. Critically comment.
  151. India needs both; police and policy reforms for women’s safety. Comment
  152. The economic offences have been killing the growth efforts of the government.
  153. Data protection is akin to protection of fundamental rights. Mention challenges and suggest measures in enabling data protection in India.
  154. School education needs to go beyond textbooks. Mention the flaws in the education system in India and suggest how New Education Policy can change that.
  155. Explain the evolution of India’s education policy since Independence. Suggest way forward.
  156. Disaster management must factor-in the role of climate change. Comment on the statement, and explain upon the need for disaster resilient infrastructure in India.
  157. Tribal culture can give a significant boost to the tourism programs in the country. Critically comment.
  158. There is a need to prevent the MSMEs from becoming dwarfs. Comment
  159. There is a dire need to reform the political parties in India. Critically comment. 
  160. Indian economy has been marred by financial frauds. Mention the steps taken to improve the situation and suggest more reforms. 
  161. Analyse the direct tax code of India. Suggest issues and reforms to address the same.  UPSC IAS MAINS 2020
  162. E-commerce is the future of shopping, but some sectors need better regulation for selling online. Critically comment.
  163. The clarion of ‘Gareebi Hatao’ has not yet reached rural India completely. Comment.

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MYUPSC.COM – UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Mock Test for Civil Services Examination, IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Test Series for UPSC Prelims Aspirants. UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Solution Test 11 free download. myupsc.com is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc.

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There are Full Length 60 Very High Quality Tests that match very UPSC standard (acknowledged by hundreds of toppers every year).

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Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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MYUPSC! Daily News Prescription – 9 January 2020

Daily News Prescription – 9 January 2020 / Daily current affairs January 2020 for competitive exams. Myupsc.com : is dedicated to preparation of Indian Administrative Services (UPSC) and Rajasthan Administrative Services (RPSC). The site intends to provide free study notes, knowledge or information related to IAS/RAS exams that can help to crack these Examinations. The Study Portal has also published its Ebooks/ PDF on various aspects & dimensions of World, India and Rajasthan. The vision of the Study Portal is to consolidate all the relevant information related to India and Rajasthan, regarding its History, Geography, Polity, Art-Culture, Heritage, Economy, Environment & Biodiversity and Current Affairs etc. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

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Current Affairs 9 January 2020

GS1: India’s freedom struggle

Explained: Who was Ashfaqullah Khan, why did the British hang him (IE) The Uttar Pradesh government has recently announced it will build…

Explained: What is Epiphany festival, who are the 3 kings celebrated on this day? (IE) In Goa, the celebration is known by its Portuguese name ‘Festa dos Reis’,

GS2: Governance

Cabinet nod for FDI in coal mining (TH) The Union Cabinet on Wednesday approved an ordinance to amend two laws to ease mining rules, enabling foreign direct investment in coal sector.

Re-grassing is mandatory after mining, rules SC The Supreme Court has directed the Central Government to impose a … Mandatory Conditions For Re-Grassing Mining Area After Operations .

Revised norms for data-led probes (TH)  Revised norms for data-led probes. The Union Home Ministry has said that before seeking information about a person’s e-mail account ….

Explained: Voting at the GST Council (IE) The tradition of deciding by consensus has been broken, and the Council could now see voting on other issues as well. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

GS2: International Relations

Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space for Peaceful and Civilian Purposes (PIB) Cabinet approves agreement between India and Mongolia on Cooperation in the Exploration and Uses of Outer Space for Peaceful…

Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Sweden on cooperation in Polar Science (PIB) Cabinet approves Memorandum of Understanding between India and Sweden on cooperation in Polar Science.

Cabinet approves ratification of Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement between India and France (PIB) Cabinet approves ratification of Migration and Mobility Partnership Agreement between India and France.

Cabinet okays mobility pact with France to boost people-to-people contacts (Mint) The agreement had been signed between India and France

Press Brief on Operation Sankalp (PIB) Press Brief on Operation Sankalp. In the backdrop of the deteriorating security situation in the Gulf region, post attacks on merchant ships
 

GS3: Infrastructure

₹5,559 crore to set up northeast gas grid (TH) The 1,656-km North-East Natural Gas Pipeline Grid will connect Guwahati in Assam to major cities in the region

NITI Aayog proposes draft guidelines for private trains (Mint) Niti Aayog and Indian Railways have come out with a discussion paper for running 150 trains on 100 routes by private operators,

GS3: Economy

CCI Releases ‘Market Study on E-commerce in India: Key Findings and Observations’ (PIB) The Competition Commission of India (CCI) released a Report titled ‘Market Study on E-commerce in India

MHA issues Revised Guidelines for Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (PIB) The MHA has issued Revised Guidelines for Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters in December 2019

GS3: Science and Technology

Indian cobra genome decoded: how this knowledge can help fight snakebite (IE) Indian cobra genome decoded: how this knowledge can help fight

This word means Goldilocks zone (IE) Where a planet is just the right distance from its star to sustain liquid water — and possibly life.

‘World’s most efficient lithium-sulfur battery’ developed: How it works, why it matters (IE) Researchers have developed this new Li-S battery. Daily News Prescription 9Jan2020

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020 : Latest And Current Affairs

APSC Assam Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

APPSC Andhra Pradesh Yearbook 2020 : Current Affairs

Daily News Prescription 9 Jan2020

MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for MPPSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book.

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Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like MPPSC and Other Madhya Pradesh State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

General Awareness/Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Economy Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian and World Geography Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian Polity Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Indian History: Latest Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Madhya Pradesh based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.

Why should you buy this Book?

Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, MPPSC and Other Madhya Pradesh PSC exams across the State.

Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Madhya Pradesh General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive.

MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Yearbook 2020

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Madhya Pradesh Yearbook 2020

1. Introduction of M.P.

2. Latest Govt. Schemes

3. Latest Budget and Important Points

4. Current Affairs

5. Practice MCQ

Introduction of Madhya Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh is situated in the central region of India and that’s why it is called the Heartland State. It has the largest reserves of diamond and copper in India as Madhya Pradesh is rich in mineral resources. It came into existence in 1956. It experiences sub-tropical climate. Hot dry summer is from April to June and Monsoon Rains are from July to September. There are all total 52 districts present in Madhya Pradesh. It has 92% of Hindus and around and the remaining 8% are Muslim, Jain, Christian, Sikhs and Buddhists.

Madhya Pradesh is also known as the Tiger state of India. The state came into existence on 1 November 1956. It is the 2nd largest state by an area and 5th by is population. After Independence Madhya Pradesh was created with Nagpur as its capital, in 1956, Madhya Pradesh was recognized and Bhopal makes its capital. Madhya Pradesh was the largest area state in India until 2000 when the Chhattisgarh region was made as a separate state. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Madhya Pradesh literally means “Central Province”, and is located in the geographic heart of India, between latitude 21.2°N-26.87°N and longitude 74°59′-82°06′ E. The state straddles the Narmada River, which runs east and west between the Vindhya and Satpura ranges; these ranges and the Narmada are the traditional boundary between the north and south of India. The highest point in Madhya Pradesh is Dhupgarh, with an elevation of 1,350 m.

It is bordered on the west by Gujarat, on the northwest by Rajasthan, on the northeast by Uttar Pradesh, on the east by Chhattisgarh, and on the south by Maharashtra.

The State has a subtropical climate. Like most of north India, it has a hot dry summer (April–June), followed by monsoon rains (July–September) and a cool and relatively dry winter. The average rainfall is about 1,371 mm. The southeastern districts have the heaviest rainfall, some places receiving as much as 2,150 mm, while the western and northwestern districts receive 1,000 mm or less.

It is the second largest state in India after Rajasthan with an area of 3, 08, 000 sq. km. It is a part of peninsular plateau of India lying in north central part, whose boundary can be classified in the north by the plains of Ganga-Yamuna, in the west by the Aravali, east by the Chhattisgarh plain and in the south by the Tapti valley and the plateau of Maharashtra.

CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020 : Latest And Current Affairs

APSC Assam Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

APPSC Andhra Pradesh Yearbook 2020 : Current Affairs

Madhya Pradesh is a state in central India. Its capital is Bhopal, and the largest city is Indore, with Gwalior, Jabalpur and Ujjain being the other major cities. Madhya Pradesh is the second largest Indian state by area and the fifth largest state by population with over 75 million residents. It borders the states of Uttar Pradesh to the northeast, Chhattisgarh to the southeast, Maharashtra to the south, Gujarat to the west, and Rajasthan to the northwest. Before 2000, when Chhattisgarh was a part of Madhya Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh was the largest state in India and the distance between the two furthest points inside the state, Singoli and Konta, was 1500 km. The area covered by the present-day Madhya Pradesh includes the area of the ancient Avanti Mahajanapada, whose capital Ujjain (also known as Avantika) arose as a major city during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. Subsequently, the region was ruled by the major dynasties of India. By the early 18th century, the region was divided into several small kingdoms which were captured by the British and incorporated into Central Provinces and Berar and the Central India Agency. After India’s independence, Madhya Pradesh state was created with Nagpur as its capital: this state included the southern parts of the present-day Madhya Pradesh and northeastern portion of today’s Maharashtra. In 1956, this state was reorganised and its parts were combined with the states of Madhya Bharat, Vindhya Pradesh and Bhopal to form the new Madhya Pradesh state, the Marathi-speaking Vidarbha region was removed and merged with the then Bombay State. This state was the largest in India by area until 2000, when its southeastern Chhattisgarh region was made as a separate state. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

The interesting and unique tool stone-age tools have been discovered from the Narmada river valley. Rock shelter and cave painting which can be dated to 30,000 BCE have been discovered at a no. of places. Arunachal Pradesh was ruled by Maurya Empire (Ashoka of Magadha) in the 3rd century BC.

It was made Indias 25th State on 30th May 1987, the largest city of Madhya Pradesh in Indore. The History of Madhya Pradesh divided into 3-Time period. During this period the region was dominated by the Maurya, Nanda and Gupt.

The city of Ujjain arose as a major centre in the region, during the second wave of Indian urbanisation in the sixth century BCE. It served as the capital of the Avanti kingdom Tejas. Other kingdoms mentioned in ancient epics—Malava, Karusha, Dasarna and Nishada—have also been identified with parts of Madhya Pradesh.

Chandragupta Maurya united northern India around 320 BCE, establishing the Mauryan Empire, which included all of modern-day Madhya Pradesh. Ashoka the greatest of Mauryan rulers brought the region under firmer control. After the decline of the Maurya Empire, the region was contested among the Sakas, the Kushanas, the Satavahanas, and several local dynasties during the 1st to 3rd centuries CE. Heliodorus, the Greek Ambassador to the court of the Shunga king Bhagabhadra erected the Heliodorus pillar near Vidisha.

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 1 November 1956
2. Capital Formation 1 November 1956
3. Largest city Indore
4. Also Known as Heart of India
5. Ruled By Mauryan Empire, Malava, Dasarna, Nishada  Karusha
6. Major Historical Events The merger of Bhopal into Union of India (1949) MP comes into existence (1956) first non-Cong government (1967) Discovery of Narmada man (1982) Bhopal gas tragedy (1984) Division of MP (2000)

Dams

  • Highest dam of Indirasagar Dam.
  • The second highest dam of Bargi Dam.
  • Longest dam of Bargi Dam.
  • Largest power generating dam Omkareshwar Dam 520 MW.
Dams River Length  Height  Capacity  Location Open
Indirasagar Dam Narmada River 653 m (2,142 ft) 92m (302 ft) 9,890,701 acre·ft Khandwa district 2006
Bargi Dam Narmada River 5357 m 69.80 m 3,920 million m3 Jabalpur
District
1988
Ban Sagar Dam Sone River 1,020 m (3,350 ft) 67 m (220 ft) 2,000,000 acre-feet (2.5 km3) shahdol 2006
Gandhi Sagar Dam Chambal River 514 metres (1,686 ft) 62.17 metres (204.0 ft) 5,936,000 acre
⋅ft
Mandsaur District 1960
Madikheda Dam Sindh River 1070 m 62 m 901 million m3 Shivpuri
district
2008
Tawa Dam Tawa River 1,815 m 57.91 m 9,890,701 acre·ft. Hoshangabad District  1974
Rivers Originates From Falls or Meet Total Length City
Narmada Anuppur Hugli river 1070 Km Jabalpur Barwani, Harda, Hoshangabad, Omkareshwar, Narmada Nagar, Dewas
Chambal Indore Yamuna River 965 Km  Kota
Betwa river Bhopal  Yamuna River 380 km Bhopal, Gwalior, Jhansi, Jaluan
Tapti Betul Arabian Sea 724 Km
Son Amarkantak Ganga river 784 km Sidhi, Dehri, Patna
Shipra North of Dhar district Chambal River 195 Km Ujjain, Ratlam, Dhar, Mandsaur
Kali Sindh Bagli Chambal River 150 Km Indore, Bhopal.
Tawa Betul  District Narmada River 172 Km Hoshangabad District

Ujjain emerged as the predominant commercial centre of western India from the first century BCE, located on the trade routes between the Ganges plain and India’s Arabian Sea ports. The Satavahana dynasty of the northern Deccan and the Saka dynasty of the Western Satraps fought for the control of Madhya Pradesh during the 1st to 3rd centuries CE.

The Satavahana king Gautamiputra Satakarni inflicted a crushing defeat upon the Saka rulers and conquered parts of Malwa and Gujarat in the 2nd century CE. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Subsequently, the region came under the control of the Gupta Empire in the 4th and 5th centuries, and their southern neighbours, the Vakataka’s. The rock-cut temples at Bagh Caves in the Kukshi tehsil of the Dhar district attest to the presence of the Gupta dynasty in the region, supported by the testimony of a Badwani inscription dated to the year of 487 CE. The attacks of the Hephthalites or White Huns brought about the collapse of the Gupta Empire, which broke up into smaller states. The king Yasodharman of Malwa defeated the Huns in 528, ending their expansion. Later, Harsha (c. 590–647) ruled the northern parts of the state. Malwa was ruled by the south Indian Rashtrakuta Dynasty from the late 8th century to the 10th century. When the south Indian Emperor Govinda III of the Rashtrakuta dynasty annexed Malwa, he set up the family of one of his subordinates there, who took the name of Paramara. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

The Medieval period saw the rise of the Rajput clans, including the Paramaras of Malwa and the Chandelas of Bundelkhand. The Chandellas built the majestic Hindu-Jain temples at Khajuraho, which represent the culmination of Hindu temple architecture in Central India. The Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty also held sway in northern and western Madhya Pradesh at this time. It also left some monuments of architectural value in Gwalior. Southern parts of Madhya Pradesh like Malwa were several times invaded by the south Indian Western Chalukya Empire which imposed its rule on the Paramara kingdom of Malwa. The Paramara king Bhoja (c. 1010–1060) was a renowned polymath. The small Gond kingdoms emerged in the Gondwana and Mahakoshal regions of the state. Northern Madhya Pradesh was conquered by the Turkic Delhi Sultanate in the 13th century. After the collapse of the Delhi Sultanate at the end of the 14th century, independent regional kingdoms re-emerged, including the Tomara kingdom of Gwalior and the Muslim Sultanate of Malwa, with its capital at Mandu.

The Malwa Sultanate was conquered by the Sultanate of Gujarat in 1531. In the 1540s, most parts of the state fell to Sher Shah Suri, and subsequently to the Hindu king Hemu. Hemu, who had earlier served as the General of the Suri dynasty, operated from the Gwalior Fort during 1553–56 and became the ruler of Delhi as a Vikramaditya king winning 22 battles continuously from Bengal to Gujrat and defeating Akbar’s forces in the Battle of Delhi on 7 October 1556. However, he chose Delhi as his capital after his formal Coronation and left Gwalior. After Hemu’s defeat by Akbar at the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556, most of Madhya Pradesh came under the Mughal rule. Gondwana and Mahakoshal remained under the control of Gond kings, who acknowledged Mughal supremacy but enjoyed virtual autonomy. MPPSC Madhya Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

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GS1: Indian Society

A case for including Tulu in the Eighth Schedule (TH) Placing all deserving languages on an equal footing will promote social inclusion and national solidarity

GS1: Art and Culture

Explained: What is the historical significance of Nankana Sahib in Pakistan? (IE) Gurdwara Janam Asthan (also called Nankana Sahib Gurdwara) is built over the site where Guru Nanak, the founder of Sikhism, was believed to be born in 1469.

GS2: Social issues

Taking stock of infant deaths: in Rajasthan, Gujarat and the rest of India (IE) As outrage continues over the deaths of babies in J K Lon Hospital in Kota, Rajasthan, and in the civil hospital in Rajkot, Gujarat, the fact remains that India has the most child deaths in the world. In 2017, UNICEF estimated 8,02,000 babies had died in India.

US food labels will now display calories per serving and for entire product (DTE) Change in accordance with new FDA rules, intended to make consumers aware

GS2: Governance

Punctured cover: India’s crop insurance scheme loses sheen (DTE) Three years and seven crop seasons after it was rolled out, nobody seems to be happy with the Centre’s flagship farm insurance scheme, Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana. While the number of farmers enrolling under the scheme has gone down, insurance companies too are pulling out of it.

4 Nirbhaya case convicts to be hanged on Jan. 22 (TH)  The convicts have 14 days to use their final legal options. They will be in separate cells, in solitary confinement, and will be allowed one last meeting with their families.

GS3: Economy

Simply Put | The nominal GDP worry (IE) The estimated growth of 7.53% in ‘nominal’ terms is the lowest since 1975-76. Also, this is the first time since 2002-03 that nominal GDP growth is projected to be in single digits. Why is this a major concern?

Government projects slower GDP growth (TH) 5% estimate in line with RBI forecast.

Productivity has big role in India’s $5 tn GDP dream (Mint) Mint explains the intricate relationship between total factor productivity (TFP) and growth

GS3: Science and Technology

Warning issued on reactions to epilepsy drug (TH) Aimed at ensuring safety of patients using Lamotrigine, prescribed for treating bipolar disorder and epilepsy, the Central Drugs Standard Control Organisation

GS3: Environment

Solar power: In a slump India’s booming (DTE) Labels on any food packet in the United States (US) have begun to display calories per serving, in addition to those for the entire product from January 1, 2020, in accordance with the order of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

GS2: Governance

Govt appointing teachers in minority institutes valid: SC (ToI) such institutions cannot claim to have absolute right.

GS2: International Relations

Explained: The nuclear deal Iran has stepped away from; what happens next (IE) The E3 group of countries — Britain, France, and Germany — have called on Tehran to resume its commitments under the deal.

 Explained: What is Protecting Power? (IE) Following the killing of Iranian military and intelligence commander Major General Qassem Soleimani in Baghdad in a drone attack carried out by the United States on Friday, the Iranian government registered its protest with the Swiss Embassy in Tehran.

Explained: What is JUS COGENS? (IE) The jus cogens rules have been sanctioned by the Vienna Conventions on the Law of Treaties of 1969 and 1986. According to both Conventions, a treaty is void if it breaches jus cogens rules.

GS3: Agricultural issues

“Farmers Science Congress highlights the importance of farmer’s innovations (PIB) The Farmer’s Science Congress was inaugurated for the first time in the 107 years of history of the Indian Science Congress, highlighting the importance of farmer’s innovations and their scientific validity.

ICAR to set up innovation fund to help farmers (TH)” It will be used to scientifically validate, upscale and propagate innovations by farmers
 

GS3: Economy

Stressed urban cooperative banks to face PCA-like curbs (TH) RBI’s action includes cancellation of banking licence

AI & machine learning will contribute Usd 1 trillion to Indian economy by 2035; government committed to ensuring stable environment for investors and startups- Piyush Goyal (PIB)  The NSE Knowledge Hub will enhance skills and help academic institutions in preparing future-ready talent for the financial service industry. It is also available on mobile and attempts to bring together world class content and learners through this state- of- the- art and future- ready platform.
 

GS3: Environment

Climate change claimed 1,659 lives in 2019, the 7th warmest year on record (Mint) Heavy rain- and flood-related incidents took the maximum toll, a report says

1 million migratory birds counted at Odisha’s Chilika lake (DTE) A record 1,105,040 migratory birds belonging to 184 species have arrived in Odisha’s Chilika lake this year, the annual bird count conducted by the Chilika Wildlife Division on January 5, 2020, showed.

Bushfires have reshaped life on Earth before. They could do it again (DTE) Australia is one of only 17 ‘megadiverse’ countries, much of which is concentrated in areas torched by the current fires

Blaze down under (IE) In Australia’s bushfires lie warnings about the complex ways in which climate variables interact.

GS2: Governance

Government of India’s UJALA & Street Lighting National Programme Complete Five Successful years f Illuminating India (PIB)  SLNP is the world’s largest streetlight replacement programme and UJALA is the world’s largest domestic lighting project. Both have been spearheaded and implemented by Energy Efficiency Services Limited (EESL), a joint venture of PSUs under the Ministry of Power, Government of India.

The double burden of malnutrition: the need for urgent policy action (TH) India has addressed the problem but more needs to be done

The tussle over Belagavi (TH) In 1957, slighted by the implementation of the States Reorganisation Act, 1956, Maharashtra demanded readjustment of its border with Karnataka.

171 hospitals de-listed from PM’s health scheme after fraud (TH) Private hospitals found doing procedures reserved for govt. units; fines worth ₹4.6 cr levied. Daily current affairs January 2020

GS2: International Relations

Spotting an opportunity in changing fundamentals (TH) Growing rivalry between the United States and China could spell a strategic moment for India 

Is West Asia headed for war? (TH) Iran has multiple options for retaliation. It can target U.S. troops in Iraq, either using mid-range rockets or ballistic missiles. Iran-backed proxies in the region, from Hezbollah in Lebanon to the PMF in Iraq and the Houthis in Yemen, can carry out attacks, targeting America’s allies and assets.

Why has the U.S. crippled the functioning of the WTO? (TH) Global trade disputes are complex and difficult to resolve. For proper enforcement of trade rules, a binding, two-stage dispute settlement system was established at the World Trade Organization in the 1990s
 

GS3: Environment

first-of-its-kind turtle rehab centre comes up in Bihar (DTE) A first-of-its-kind rehabilitation centre for freshwater turtles will be inaugurated in Bihar’s Bhagalpur forest division in January 2020. The rehab centre, spread over half a hectare, will be able to shelter 500 turtles at a time.

Delhi gets its first smog tower: What is it and how does it work? (IE) In China, a similar smog tower has been able to compress the carbon waste generated to produce gemstones.

Bhitarkanika census finds an increase of 15 saltwater crocodiles from last year (DTE) The population of the saltwater or estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porosus) has increased in the water bodies of Odisha’s Bhitarkanika National Park and its nearby areas in Kendrapara district, with forest officials counting 1,757 individuals in this year’s annual reptile census on January 3, 2020. Daily current affairs January 2020

Kerala to take more cover under Miyawaki forests (TH) Afforestation concept to be used in govt. offices, schools and puramboke land

GS3: Science and Technology

How humans affect genetic connectivity of four mammals (TH) Four wide-ranging mammals — jungle cats, leopards, sloth bears and tigers — were studied in central India. daily Affairs January 2020

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CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Chhattisgarh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for CGPSC State PSC and all other competitive exams CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020 Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

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Chhattisgarh Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like CGSC and Other Chhattisgarh State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Chhattisgarh based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the Chhattisgarh State. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

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Introduction of Chhattisgarh

Chhattisgarh is one of the 28 states of India, located in the centre-east of the country. It is the ninth-largest state in India, with an area of 135,192 km2. With a 2011 population of 25.5 million, Chhattisgarh is the 16th-most populated state in the country. A resource-rich state, it is a source of electricity and steel for the country, accounting for 15% of the total steel produced as well as large contributor of coal. Chhattisgarh is one of the fastest-developing states in India. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The state was formed on 1 November 2000 by partitioning ten Chhattisgarhi and six Gondi speaking southeastern districts of Madhya Pradesh. The capital city is Raipur. Chhattisgarh borders the states of Madhya Pradesh in the northwest, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Jharkhand in northeast, Maharashtra in the southwest, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh in the south, and Odisha in the southeast. Currently the state comprises 28 districts. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

There are several opinions as to the origin of the name Chhattisgarh, which in ancient times was known as Dakshina Kosala (South Kosala), the native place of Bhagwan Rama as his mother name was Kaushalya, daughter of Kaushal Naresh.”Chhattisgarh” was popularised later during the time of the Maratha Empire and was first used in an official document in 1795. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

It is claimed that Chhattisgarh takes its name from the 36 ancient forts in the area. The old state had 36 demesnes (feudal territories): Ratanpur, Vijaypur, Kharound, Maro, Kautgarh, Nawagarh, Sondhi, Aukhar, Padarbhatta, Semriya, Champa, Lafa, Chhuri, Kenda, Matin, Aparora, Pendra, Kurkuti-kandri, Raipur, Patan, Simaga, Singarpur, Lavan, Omera, Durg, Saradha, Sirasa, Menhadi, Khallari, Sirpur, Figeswar, Rajim, Singhangarh, Suvarmar, Tenganagarh and Akaltara. However, experts do not agree with this explanation, as 36 forts cannot be archaeologically identified in this region. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Another view, more popular with experts and historians, is that Chhattisgarh is the corrupted form of Chedisgarh meaning Raj or “Empire of the Chedis“. In ancient times, Chhattisgarh region had been part of the Chedi dynasty of Kalinga, in modern Odisha. In the medieval period up to 1803, a major portion of present eastern Chhattisgarh was part of the Sambalpur Kingdom of Odisha. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The northern and southern parts of the state are hilly, while the central part is a fertile plain. The highest point in the state is the Gaurlata. Deciduous forests of the Eastern Highlands Forests cover roughly 44% of the state. The state animal is the van bhainsa, or wild Asian buffalo. The state bird is the pahari myna, or hill myna. The state tree is the Sal (Sarai) found in Bastar division. Sal- The State Tree of Chhattisgarh; CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

In the north lies the edge of the great Indo-Gangetic plain. The Rihand River, a tributary of the Ganges, drains this area. The eastern end of the Satpura Range and the western edge of the Chota Nagpur Plateau form an east-west belt of hills that divide the Mahanadi River basin from the Indo-Gangetic plain. The outline of Chhattisgarh is like a sea horse. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The central part of the state lies in the fertile upper basin of the Mahanadi River and its tributaries. This area has extensive rice cultivation. The upper Mahanadi basin is separated from the upper Narmada basin to the west by the Maikal Hills (part of the Satpuras) and from the plains of Odisha to the east by ranges of hills. The southern part of the state lies on the Deccan plateau, in the watershed of the Godavari River and its tributary, the Indravati River. The Mahanadi is the chief river of the state. The other main rivers are Hasdo (a tributary of Mahanadi), Rihand, Indravati, Jonk, Arpa and Shivnath. It is situated in the east of Madhya Pradesh. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The natural environment of Koriya in Chhattisgarh includes forests, mountains, rivers and waterfalls.[citation needed] Koriya was a princely state during the British rule in India. Koriya is also known for its mineral deposits. Coal is also found in this part of the country. The dense forests are rich in wildlife. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The Amrit Dhara Waterfall, Koriya’s main attraction, is a natural waterfall which originates from the Hasdeo River. The fall is situated seven kilometres from Koriya on the Manendragarh-Baikunthpur road. The Amrit Dhara Waterfall falls from a height of 27 m, and it is approximately 3–4.5 m wide. Chirimiri is one of the more popular places, known for its natural environment and climate, in Chhattisgarh. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The climate of Chhattisgarh is tropical. It is hot and humid because of its proximity to the Tropic of Cancer and its dependence on the monsoons for rains. Summer temperatures in Chhattisgarh can reach upto 49 °C (113 °F). The monsoon season is from late June to October and is a welcome respite from the heat. Chhattisgarh receives an average of 1,292 millimetres (50.9 in) of rain. Winter is from November to January. Winters are pleasant with low temperatures and less humidity. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

In ancient times, this region was known as Dakshina Kosala. This area also finds mention in Ramayana and Mahabharata. One of the earliest statues of Vishnu has been excavated from Shunga period site at Malhar. Between the sixth and twelfth centuries, Sharabhpurias, Panduvanshis (of Mekala and Dakshina Kosala), Somavanshi, Kalachuri and Nagavanshi rulers dominated this region. The Bastar region of Chhattisgarh was invaded by Rajendra Chola I and Kulottunga Chola I of the Chola dynasty in the 11th century. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Name Area
Guru Ghasidas (Sanjay) National Park 1440.71 Km2
Indravati National Park 1258.37 Km2
Kanger Ghati National Park 200 Km2

Chhattisgarh has a heritage of robust culture. The state is the storehouse of Performing arts, Literature and crafts. The culture of Chhattisgarh includes various types of traditional Dances, Music, cuisines, traditional dress etc. which includes a lot in general knowledge of Chhattisgarh. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

S.No Description Summary
1. Folk Dance Panthi Rawat Nacha Pandwani Chaitra Kaksar Saila Khamb-swang Bhatra Naat Rabhas Raai Mao-Pata Sow
2. Music Pandavani
3. Major Festival Bastar Dussehra Bastar Lokotsav Madai Festival Bhoramdeo Festival Goncha Festival Teeja Festival Champaran Mela Narayanpur Mela Pola Hareli First fruit Festival
4. Cuisine (Famous Food) Aamat Bafauri Bhajia Chousela Dubkikadhi Farra Khurmi Moong Bara Thethari Muthia
5. Traditional Dress Men: Dhotis and Headgears Women: Lugda (Knee length and full length) Polkha (Blouse)

The present state of Chhattisgarh was carved out of Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 2000. The demand for a separate state was first raised in the 1920s. Similar demands kept cropping up at regular intervals; however, a well-organised movement was never launched. Several all-party platforms were formed and they usually resolved around petitions, public meetings, seminars, rallies and strikes. A demand for separate Chhattisgarh was raised in 1924 by the Raipur Congress unit and also discussed in the Annual Session of the Indian Congress at Tripuri. A discussion also took place of forming a Regional Congress organisation for Chhattisgarh. When the State Reorganisation Commission was set up in 1954, the demand for a separate Chhattisgarh was put forward but was not accepted. In 1955, a demand for a separate state was raised in the Nagpur assembly of the then state of Madhya Bharat. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The 1990s saw more activity for a demand for the new state, such as the formation of a statewide political forum, especially the Chhattisgarh Rajya Nirman Manch. Chandu lal Chadrakar led this forum, several successful region-wide strikes and rallies were organised under the banner of the forum, all of which were supported by major political parties, including the Indian National Congress and the Bharatiya Janata Party. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The new National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government sent the redrafted Separate Chhattisgarh Bill for the approval of the Madhya Pradesh Assembly, where it was once again unanimously approved and then it was tabled in the Lok Sabha. This bill for a separate Chhattisgarh was passed in the Lok Sabha and the Rajya Sabha, paving the way for the creation of a separate state of Chhattisgarh. The President of India gave his consent to the Madhya Pradesh Reorganisation Act 2000 on 25 August 2000. The government of India subsequently set 1 November 2000, as the day the state of Madhya Pradesh would be divided into Chhattisgarh and Madhya Pradesh. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Divisions of Chhattisgarh

Bastar Durg Raipur Bilaspur Surguja
Bastar (Jagdalpur) Bijapur Sukma Dantewada (Dakshin Bastar) Kondagaon Narayanpur Kanker (Uttar Bastar) Kawardha (Kabir dham) Rajnandgaon Balod Durg Bemetara Dhamtari Gariyaband Raipur Baloda Bazar Mahasamund Bilaspur Mungeli Korba Janjgir-Champa Raigarh Gaurela-Pendra-Marwahi w.e.f. 10th February, 2020 Koriya Surajpur Surguja (Ambikapur) Balrampur-Ramanujganj Jashpur

Chhattisgarh is rich in minerals. It produces 20% of the country’s total cement production. It has the highest output of coal in the country with second-highest reserves. It is third in iron ore production and first in tin production. Limestone, dolomite and bauxite are abundant. It is the only tin ore-producing state in India. Other commercially extracted minerals include corundum, garnet, quartz, marble, alexandrite and diamonds. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The state hosts many religious sects such as Satnami Panth, Kabirpanth, Ramnami Samaj and others. Champaran (Chhattisgarh) is a small town with religious significance as the birthplace of the Saint Vallabhacharya, increasingly important as a pilgrimage site for the Gujarati community. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Chhattisgarh has a significant role in the life of the Lord Rama. Lord Rama along with his wife Sita and his younger brother Lakshaman had started his Vanvas in the Bastar region (more precisely Dandakaranya region) of Chhattisgarh. They lived more than 10 of their 14 years of Vanvas in different places of Chhattisgarh. One of the remarkable places is Shivrinarayan which is nearby Bilaspur district of Chhattisgarh. Shivrinarayan was named after an old lady Shabari. When Ram visited Shabari she said “I do not have anything to offer other than my heart, but here are some berry fruits. May it please you, my Lord.” Saying so, Shabari offered the fruits she had meticulously collected to Rama. When Rama was tasting them, Lakshmana raised the concern that Shabari had already tasted them and therefore unworthy of eating. To this Rama said that of the many types of food he had tasted, “nothing could equal these berry fruits, offered with such devotion. You taste them, and then alone will you know. Whosoever offers a fruit, leaf, flower or some water with love, I partake it with great joy.” CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The Odia culture is prominent in the eastern parts of Chhattisgarh bordering Odisha. Chhattisgarh is a storehouse of literature, performing arts and crafts—all of which derives its substance and sustenance from the day-to-day life experiences of its people. Religion, mythology, social and political events, nature and folklore are favourite motifs. Traditional crafts include painting, woodcarving, bell metal craft, bamboo ware, and tribal jewellery. Chhattisgarh has a rich literary heritage with roots that lie deep in the sociological and historical movements of the region. Its literature reflects the regional consciousness and the evolution of an identity distinct from others in Central India. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Panthi, Raut Nacha, Pandwani, Chaitra, Kaksar, Saila, Khamb-swang, Bhatra Naat, Rabhas, Raai, Mao-Pata and Sow are the several indigenous dance styles of Chhattisgarh. Panthi, the folk dance of the Satnami community, has religious overtones. Panthi is performed on Maghi Purnima, tabla the anniversary of the birth of Guru Ghasidas. The dancers dance around a jaitkhamb set up for the occasion, to songs eulogising their spiritual head. The songs reflect a view of nirvana, conveying the spirit of their guru’s renunciation and the teachings of saint poets like Kabir, Ramdas and Dadu. Dancers with bent torsos and swinging arms dance, carried away by their devotion, As the rhythm quickens, they perform acrobatics and form human pyramids. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Chhattisgarh is a storehouse of literature, performing arts and crafts—all of which derives its substance and sustenance from the day-to-day life experiences of its people. Religion, mythology, social and political events, nature and folklore are favourite motifs. Traditional crafts include painting, woodcarving, bell metal craft, bamboo ware, and tribal jewellery. Chhattisgarh has a rich literary heritage with roots that lie deep in the sociological and historical movements of the region. Its literature reflects the regional consciousness and the evolution of an identity distinct from others in Central India. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

S.No Description Answer
1. Founded on 1 November 2000
2. Capital Formation 1 November 2000, Raipur
3. Largest city Raipur
4. Also Known as Rice bowl of India
  5. Ruled By Sharabhpurias Kalachuri Nagavanshi Maratha rule (Bhonsales of Nagpur)
        6.        Major Historical Events 10th century- The region was ruled by Rajput family Haihaya dynasty. 1741- Marathas attacked in Chhattisgarh and destroyed the Haihaya power 1818- Chhattisgarh came under British control for the first time 1-11-2000 – Chhattisgarh became a separate state

 Chhattisgarh is the 10th largest state in India. Chhattisgarh covers an area of 1, 35,192 square kilometres with a total population over 2.55 Crores. The average temperature of Chhattisgarh is 40°C in summers and 25°C in winters. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

S.No Description Summary
1. Total Area 135,192 km²
2. Population 2.55 crores
3. The rank of the state Area Rank:-10th Population Rank:- 17th
4. Population Density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
5. State Bounded By Uttar Pradesh and Jharkhand  (North) Odisha (East) Andhra Pradesh (South) Maharastra and Madhya Pradesh (West)
6. Soil Red–Yellow Soil Red Sandy Loam soil Black soil Laterite Soil
7. Minerals Bauxite Dolomite Iron Ore Limestone Garnet Tin
8. Major Crops Grain Wheat Corn Peanut Legume Hazelnut
9. Forest Area 59,772 km²
10. Climate Tropical Monsoon Climate
11. Rivers Arpa Jonk Godavari Gopad Kanhar Savari Sankh Shivnath Mahanadi
12. Major Dam Name: Minimata (Hasdeo) Bango
River: Hasdeo
13. Major Flora Bamboo Coconut Mangoes Cashew Jackfruit Pineapples Blackberries
14. Major Fauna Blue bull Wild boar Chinkara Blackbuck Sambhar Barking Deer Wild dog Wild boar Jackals hyena Crocodiles Tigers
City Name
Korba Power hub of India
Jagdalpur The tourism capital of Chhattisgarh
Bhilai Steel City of India
Kanker Gateway of Bastar
S.No. Name of Wildlife Sanctuary Year of Notification Total Area(km²)
1. Achanakmar  Wildlife Sanctuary 1975 551.55
2. Badalkhol  Wildlife Sanctuary 1975 104.45
3. Barnawapara  Wildlife Sanctuary 1976 244.66
4. Bhairamgarh  Wildlife Sanctuary 1983 138.95
5. Bhoramdev  Wildlife Sanctuary 2001 163.8
6. Sarangarh-Gomardha  Wildlife Sanctuary 1975 277.82
7. Pamed Wild Buffalo  Wildlife Sanctuary 1985 262.12
8. Semarsot  Wildlife Sanctuary 1978 430.36
9. Sitanadi  Wildlife Sanctuary 1974 553.36
10. Tamor Pingla  Wildlife Sanctuary 1978 608.53
11. Udanti Wild Buffalo  Wildlife Sanctuary 1985 247.59

Geographical features

Coordinates: 21.27°N 81.60°E

Established: 01 November 2000

Capital: Raipur

Largest city: Raipur

Districts: 27 (9 dist. new)

Official languages: Chhattisgarhi and Hindi

Major Rivers of Chhattisgarh:

Name of the river:  Kanhar River

Passes through: Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Rihand River

Passes through: Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh 

Name of the river: Sankh River

Passes through:  Chattisgarh, Odisha, Jharkhand

Name of the river: Tandula River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Sondur River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Shivnath River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Sabari River

Passes through: Andhra Pradesh, Odisha, Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Rihand River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh

Name of the river: Mand River

Passes through: Chhattisgarh, Orissa

Name of the river: Indravati River

Passes through: Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh

Major Waterfalls

Name of the waterfall: Chitrakoot Falls

Location: Jagdalpur, India

Total height: 29 metres

 Watercourse: Indravati River

Name of the waterfall: Tirthgarh Falls

Total height: 91 metres

Watercourse: Kanger River

The history of Chhattisgarh, which was called as South Kosala goes back to the 4th century AD. The mythological history of the state can be traced back to the days of Mahabharata and the Ramayana. The Haihaya dynasty ruled Chhattisgarh for six centuries during the 14th century. During the middle ages, Chalukya dynasty established its rule in Bastar. Annmdev was the first Chalukya ruler, who founded the dynasty in Bastar in 1320. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

In 1741, the kingdom was seized by the Marathas from the Haihaya dynasty. After conquering the kingdom during 1745 AD, Raghunathsinghji, the last descendant of the Ratanpur house was forced to leave the area. So finally in the year 1758, Chhattisgarh was conquered by Marathas and Bimbaji Bhonsle was appointed as the ruler. After the demise of Bimbaji Bhonsle, suba system was followed by the Marathas. It was an era of unrest and misrule. Maratha army was involved in large-scale loot and ransack. The Maratha officials compromised the interests of the region to the British. The atrocities of the Maratha rule were opposed by the Gonds. The kingdom was attacked by the Pindaris during the early Nineteenth Century. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

In the year 1818, Chhattisgarh came under the British rule. After Nagpur was included under the rule of the British government in 1854, Chhattisgarh was created into a deputy commissionership. Its headquarters were located at Raipur. The British government brought about certain reforms in the administrative and revenue systems. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

The tribals of Bastar strongly stood firmly against the British, which resulted in the Halba rebellion, which continued for about five years from 1774-1779. Vir Narain Singh’s name is written in golden words in the history of Chhattisgarh, as he was the first martyr from this region in the struggle of independence. CGPSC Chhattisgarh Yearbook 2020

Chhattisgarh is one of the states of India located in the central part of the country. The state is surrounded by Jharkhand state on northwest, Orissa on the east, Andhra Pradesh on the south, and Maharastra on the southwest. It has been formed from the state of Madhya Pradesh. The origin of the name of Chhattisgarh has an interesting and long story.

During the ancient period Chhattisgarh was called Dakshin Kosala. We can get an evidence of it in the inscriptions and literary works of the early writers. During the Mughal reign the region was called Ratanpur territory and not Chhattisgarh. The word Chhattisgarh gained popularity during the rule of the Marathas. It was used for the first time in 1795, in an official document……………………………

BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020 : Latest And Current Affairs

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Bihar Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like BPSC and Other Bihar State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

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Introduction of Bihar

Bihar is a state in eastern India. It is the twelfth-largest Indian state, with an area of 94,163 km2. The third-largest state by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, and with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges, which flows from west to east. Three main regions converge in the state: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

On 15 November 2000, southern Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand. Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. Additionally, almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, giving Bihar the highest proportion of young people of any Indian state.

In ancient and classical India, the area that is now Bihar was considered a centre of power, learning, and culture. From Magadha arose India’s first empire, the Maurya Empire, as well as one of the world’s most widely adhered-to religions: Buddhism. Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule. Another region of Bihar is Mithila which was an early centre of learning and the centre of the Videha kingdom. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

Since the late 1970s, Bihar has lagged far behind other Indian states in terms of social and economic development. Many economists and social scientists claim that this is a direct result of the policies of the central government, such as the freight equalization policy, its apathy towards Bihar, lack of Bihari sub-nationalism, and the Permanent Settlement of 1793 by the British East India Company. The state government has, however, made significant strides in developing the state. Improved governance has led to an economic revival in the state through increased investment in infrastructure, better health care facilities, greater emphasis on education, and a reduction in crime and corruption. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

The name Bihar is derived from the Sanskrit and Pali word, meaning “abode”. The region roughly encompassing the present state was dotted with Buddhist viharas, the abodes of Buddhist monks in the ancient and medieval periods. Medieval writer Minhaj al-Siraj Juzjani records in the Tabaqat-i Nasiri that in 1198 Bakhtiyar Khalji committed a massacre in a town identified with the word, later known as Bihar Sharif, about 70 km away from Bodh Gaya.

Chirand, on the northern bank of the Ganga River, in Saran district, has an archaeological record from the Neolithic age (about 2500–1345 BC). Regions of Bihar—such as Magadha, Mithila and Anga—are mentioned in religious texts and epics of ancient India.

Mithila gained prominence after the establishment of the Videha Kingdom in ancient India. During the late Vedic period (c. 1100-500 BCE), Videha became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pancalas. The kings of the Videha Kingdom were called Janakas. Sita, a daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila is mentioned as the consort of Lord Rama, in the Hindu epic, Ramayana, written by Valmiki. The Videha Kingdom later became incorporated into the Vajji confederacy which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila. Vajji had a republican form of government where the king was elected from the number of rajas. Based on the information found in texts pertaining to Jainism and Buddhism, Vajji was established as a republic by the 6th century BCE, before the birth of Gautama Buddha in 563 BCE, making it the first known republic in India.

The Haryanka dynasty, founded in 684 BC, ruled Magadha from the city of Rajgriha (modern Rajgir), the two well-known kings from this dynasty were Bimbisara and his son Ajatashatru, who imprisoned his father to ascend the throne. Ajatashatru founded the city of Pataliputra which later became the capital of Magadha. He declared war and conquered the Vajji. The Haryanka dynasty was followed by the Shishunaga dynasty. Later the Nanda Dynasty ruled a vast tract stretching from Bengal to Punjab. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

The Nanda dynasty was replaced by the Maurya Empire, India’s first empire. The Maurya Empire and the religion of Buddhism arose in the region that now makes up modern Bihar. The Mauryan Empire, which originated from Magadha in 325 BC, was founded by Chandragupta Maurya, who was born in Magadha. It had its capital at Pataliputra (modern Patna). The Mauryan emperor, Ashoka, who was born in Pataliputra (Patna), is believed to be one of the greatest rulers in the history of the world. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

The Gupta Empire, which originated in Magadha in 240 AD, is referred as the Golden Age of India in science, mathematics, astronomy, commerce, religion, and Indian philosophy. Bihar and Bengal was invaded by Rajendra Chola I of the Chola dynasty in the 11th century.

This dynasty signifies the establishment of second empire in ancient Indian History. Gupta succeeded in bringing major parts of India under a unified administration to a great extent. The difference between Gupta empire’s and Mauryan empire’s administration was that in the Mauryan administration and power was centralised but the in the Gupta administration, power was more decentralised. Inscriptions state that the Sri Gupta was the first king. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

The Gupta Empire is referred to as the Golden Age of India because of the extensive inventions and discoveries in science, technology, engineering, art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion and philosophy that illuminated the elements of Hindu Culture.

The Gupta Empire came into power in around 275 AD. It marked the end of 500 hundred years of domination of the provincial powers and resulting disquiet that began with the fall of the Mauryas. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

Buddhism in Magadha went into decline due to the invasion of Muhammad bin Bakhtiyar Khalji, during which many of the viharas and the famed universities of Nalanda and Vikramashila were destroyed. It was claimed that thousands of Buddhist monks were massacred during the 12th century. D. N. Jha suggests, instead, that these incidents were the result of Buddhist-Brahmin skirmishes in a fight for supremacy. After the fall of the Pala Empire, the Chero dynasty ruled some parts of Bihar from the 12th century to the 16th century until Mughal rule. In 1540, the great Pathan chieftain, Sher Shah Suri, from Sasaram, took northern India from the Mughals, defeating the Mughal army of Emperor Humayun. Sher Shah declared Delhi his capital.

From the 11th century to the 20th century, Mithila was ruled by various indigenous dynasties. The first of these were the Karnatas, followed by the Oiniwar dynasty and finally Raj Darbhanga. It was during this period that the capital of Mithila was shifted to Darbhanga.

The tenth and the last Guru of Sikhism, Guru Gobind Singh was born in Patna. After the Battle of Buxar (1764), the British East India Company obtained the Diwani rights (rights to administer, and collect revenue or tax) for Bihar, Bengal and Odisha. The rich resources of fertile land, water and skilled labour had attracted the foreign imperialists, particularly the Dutch and British, in the 18th century. A number of agriculture-based industries had been started in Bihar by foreign entrepreneurs. Bihar remained a part of the Bengal Presidency of British India until 1912, when the province of Bihar and Orissa was carved out as a separate province. Since 2010, Bihar has celebrated its birthday as Bihar Diwas on 22 March. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

Farmers in Champaran had revolted against indigo cultivation in 1914 (at Pipra) and 1916 (Turkaulia). In April 1917, Mahatma Gandhi visited Champaran, where Raj Kumar Shukla had drawn his attention to the exploitation of the peasants by European indigo planters. The Champaran Satyagraha that followed received support from many Bihari nationalists, such as Rajendra Prasad and Anugraha Narayan Sinha.

In the northern and central regions of Bihar, the Kisan Sabha (peasant movement) was an important consequence of the independence movement. It began in 1929 under the leadership of Swami Sahajanand Saraswati who formed the Bihar Provincial Kisan Sabha (BPKS), to mobilise peasant grievances against the zamindari attacks on their occupancy rights. The movement intensified and spread from Bihar across the rest of India, culminating in the formation of the All India Kisan Sabha (AIKS) at the Lucknow session of the Indian National Congress in April 1936, where Saraswati was elected as its first president. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

Bihari migrant workers have faced violence and prejudice in many parts of India, such as Maharashtra, Punjab and Assam after independence. Bihar has a diverse climate. Its temperature is subtropical in general, with hot summers and cold winters. Bihar is a vast stretch of fertile plain. It is drained by the Ganges River, including its northern tributaries Gandak and Koshi, originating in the Nepal Himalayas and the Bagmati originating in the Kathmandu Valley that regularly flood parts of the Bihar plains. The total area covered by the state of Bihar is 94,163 km2. the state is located between 24°-20′-10″ N ~ 27°-31′-15″ N latitude and between 83°-19′-50″ E ~ 88°-17′-40″ E longitude. Its average elevation above sea level is 173 feet.

The Ganges divides Bihar into two unequal halves and flows through the middle from west to east. Other Ganges tributaries are the Son, Budhi Gandak, Chandan, Orhani and Phalgu. Though the Himalayas begin at the foothills, a short distance inside Nepal and to the north of Bihar, the mountains influence Bihar’s landforms, climate, hydrology and culture. Central parts of Bihar have some small hills, for example, the Rajgir hills. To the south is the Chota Nagpur plateau, which was part of Bihar until 2000 but now is part of a separate state called Jharkhand. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

Bihar is the fourth-largest producer of vegetables and the eighth-largest producer of fruits in India. Bihar has high agricultural production making it one of the strongest sectors of the state. About 80 percent of the state’s population is employed in agriculture, which is higher as compared to India’s average. The main agricultural products produced in Bihar are litchi, guava, mango, pineapple, brinjal, lady’s finger, cauliflower, cabbage, rice, wheat and sugarcane, and sunflower. Though good soil and favourable climatic conditions such as good rainfall favour agriculture, it has to encounter flood threat as well, which may drain off the fertile soil, if not conserved properly. The state (mostly southern parts) faces droughts almost every year affecting production of crops such as paddy.

There are several traditional styles of painting practiced in Bihar. One is Mithila painting, a style of Indian painting used in the Mithila region of Bihar. Traditionally, the painting was one of the skills that were passed down from generation to generation in the families of the Mithila region, mainly by women. Painting was usually done on walls during festivals, religious events, and other milestones of the life cycle, like birth, Upanayanam (the sacred thread ceremony), and marriage.

Mithila painting is also called Madhubani art. It mostly depicts human beings and their association with nature. Common scenes illustrate deities like Krishna, Ram, Shiva, Durga, Lakshmi, and Saraswati from ancient epics. Natural objects like the sun, moon, and religious plants like Tulsi are also widely painted, along with scenes from the royal court and social events like weddings. Generally, no space is left empty. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

Bihar has produced musicians like Bharat Ratna Ustad Bismillah Khan and dhrupad singers like the Malliks (Darbhanga Gharana) and the Mishras (Bettiah Gharana) along with poets like Vidyapati Thakur who contributed to Maithili Music. The classical music in Bihar is a form of the Hindustani classical music. Gaya is another centre of excellence in classical music, particularly of the Tappa and Thumri varieties. Pandit Govardhan Mishra – son of the Ram Prasad Mishra, himself an accomplished singer – is perhaps the finest living exponent of Tappa singing in India today, according to Padma Shri Gajendra Narayan Singh, founding secretary of the Sangeet Natak Akademi of Bihar. Gajendra Narayan Singh also writes, in his memoir, that Champa nagar, Banaili, was another major centre of classical music. Rajkumar Shyamanand Sinha of Champa nagar, Banaili princely state, was a great patron of music and was himself one of the finest exponents of classical vocal music in Bihar in his time.

Hindu Goddess Sita, the consort of Lord Rama is believed to be born in Sitamarhi district in the Mithila region of modern-day Bihar. Gautama Buddha attained Enlightenment at Bodh Gaya, a town located in the modern day district of Gaya in Bihar. Vasupujya, the 12th Jain Tirthankara was born in Champapuri, Bhagalpur. Vardhamana Mahavira, the 24th and the last Tirthankara of Jainism, was born in Vaishali around the 6th century BC. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

Mahipala I recouped northern and eastern Bengal inside of three years of ascended the throne in 988 AD. He additionally recouped the Northern part of the present-day Burdwan division. Amid his rule, Rajendra Chola I of the Chola Empire much of the time attacked Bengal from 1021 to 1023 AD with a specific end goal to get Ganges water and simultaneously, succeeded to humble the rulers, obtaining significant goods. The rulers of Bengal who were defeated by Rajendra Chola were Dharmapala, Ranasur and Govinda chandra, who may have been feudatories under Mahipala I of the Pala Dynasty. Rajendra Chola I defeated Mahipala. Mahipala additionally picked up control of north and south Bihar, presumably supported by the intrusions of Mahmud of Ghazni, which depleted the quality of different rulers of North India. He may have likewise vanquished Varanasi and encompassing zone, as his siblings Sthirapala and Vasantapala embraced development and repairs of a few hallowed structures at Varanasi. Later, the Kalachuri king Gangeyadeva added Varanasi subsequent to defeating the ruler of Anga, which could have been Mahipala I.

In the wake of picking up control of Varendra, Rampala attempted to resuscitate the Pala realm with restricted achievement. He ruled from another capital at Ramavati, which remained the Pala capital until the administration’s end. He diminished assessment, advanced development and built open utilities. He brought Kamarupa and Rar under his control, and constrained the Varman lord of east Bengal to acknowledge his suzerainty. He likewise battled with the Ganga ruler for control of present-day Orissa; the Gangas figured out how to add the area strictly when his passing. Rampala kept up inviting relations with the Chola lord Kulottunga to secure backing against the common enemies: the Ganas and the Chalukyas. He held the Senas under wraps, however lost Mithila to a Karnataka boss named Nanyuadeva. He likewise kept down the forceful outline of the Gahadavala ruler Govindacharndra through a wedding organization together.

Rampala was the last powerful Pala ruler. After his death, defiance broke out in Assam amid his son Kumarapala’s rule. The rebellion was squashed by Vaidya deva, yet after Kumarapala’s death, Vaidya deva for all intents and purposes made a different kingdom.

Mohammad Bin Bakhtiyar Khilji was one of the Military Generals of Qutb-ud-din Aibak invaded some parts of eastern India at the end of the 12th Century and at the beginning of the 13th century. During his invasion many of the Viharas and universities were sacked and thousands of Buddhist monks were massacred.

The first half of the 16th century AD witnessed the Afghan- Mughal contest for power in the Sub-continent. After defeating Humayun, Sher Shah Suri emerged as a powerful Pashtun Afghan ruler and established the Sur Empire. The Empire’s strength lay in the great administrative capacity and reforms of the ruler, aimed at the benefit of people. The Empire boasts of extremely well thought of governmental systems and policies as well as great architectural marvels. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

After Ibrahim Lodi was defeated by Babur in 1526 AD (first battle of Panipat), the Afghan chiefs who were still powerful, gathered together under the leadership of Sher Shah Suri to mark their discontent against the alien rule, As a result the Sur Empire of Pashtun origin (the tribal house of Sur) came to power and ruled a massive territory of Northern  part  of  South  Asia  from  1540-1556  AD,  with  their  capital  as  Delhi.  The empire’s major strength is in the fact that it disturbed the hold of the Mughal Empire under Humayun.

The Sur Dynasty controlled the major territories of Mughals east to west, from current day’s eastern Afghanistan to Bangladesh. Establishing a strong hold over the throne for nearly 17 years, the Sur Empire also systematized administrative reforms, promoted economic growth and created a trustworthy relationship with the public. However, when their rule ended with the reinstitution of the Mughal Empire, the Surs belonged to the sub-Groups of Ghilzais. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

Military Achievements of Sher Shah Suri

  • Encounter on the fort of Chunar and Sher Shah’s diplomatic surrender.
  • Battle of Chausa with Humayun and Sher Shah’s victory.
  • Batttle of Kannauj and Sher Shah’s decisive victory over Humayun. With the victory at Kannauj, Sher Shah became the ruler of Delhi. Agra, Sambhal and Gwalior etc., also came under his sway. This victory ended the rule of the Mughal dynasty for 15 years.
  • Battle at Surajgarh (1533 AD): He defeated the combined forces of the Lohani chiefs of Bihar and Mohamud Shah of Bengal at Surajgarh. With this victory, whole of Bihar came under Sher Shah.
  • Invasion of Bengal: He plundered Bengal several times and by capturing Gaur, the capital of Bengal, forced Mohammad Shah to seek refugee with Humayun.
  • Conquest of Punjab (1540-42 AD): He immediately conquered Punjab from Kamran (Brother of Humayun) after his accession to the throne.
  • Suppression of Khokhars (1542 AD): He suppressed the turbulent Khokhars of the northern region of river Indus and Jhelum.
  • Conquest of Malwa (1542 AD): The ruler of Malwa had not helped Sher Shah in his struggle with Humayun. Therefore he attacked Malwa and annexed it to his empire.
  • Conquest of Raisin: He attacked Raisin – a Rajput principality and besieged it. Rajput ruler Purnamal entered into an agreement with Sher Shah that if he surrendered, his family would not be harmed. However Sher Shah did not honour this agreement.
  • Conquest of Multan and Sind (1543 AD): Sher Shah conquered and annexed these provinces into his empire.
  • Conquest of Marwar (1543-1545 AD): He brought Marwar under his control by forged letters and sowing dissensions in the army of Maldev, the ruler of Mewar.
  • Conquest of Kalanjar (1545 AD) and death of Sher Shah: He launched a fierce attack. He won but lost his life when he was grievously injured by the blast.

Bihar is situated on the one of the fertile regions of the world which is drained by river Ganga. It was famous for its cotton, textile, and saltpetre and indigo. Hence, it was one of the important trading centres of India from Ancient to Medieval India. This makes reason of enticing for European to open trade factories and centre for trade. BPSC Bihar Yearbook 2020

Sher Shah Suri is also referred as Sher Khan or the Lion King administrator of medieval India. His administration included a blend of old institutions and new spirit to serve the interest of the people…………………..

APSC Assam Yearbook 2020 : Latest Current Affairs

It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Assam Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for APSC State PSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book. APSC Assam Yearbook 2020

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

Assam Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like APSC and Other Assam State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams.

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Assam based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State.

Why should you buy this Book?

Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, APSC and Other PSC exams and across the State. APSC Assam Yearbook 2020

Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting.

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Assam General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive. APSC Assam Yearbook 2020

Wish you happy reading and best wishes for the examinations.

This Ebook have: 1. Introduction of Assam 2. Current Affairs whole year 3. Practice MCQ

Click here to download

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APSC Assam Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Introduction of Assam

Assam is a state in northeastern India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys. Assam covers an area of 78,438 km2. The state is bordered by Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh to the north; Nagaland and Manipur to the east; Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram and Bangladesh to the south; and West Bengal to the west via the Siliguri Corridor, a 22 kilometres strip of land that connects the state to the rest of India. APSC Assam Yearbook 2020

Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk. The state was the first site for oil drilling in Asia. Assam has conserved the one-horned Indian rhinoceros from near extinction, along with the wild water buffalo, pygmy hog, tiger and various species of Asiatic birds, and provides one of the last wild habitats for the Asian elephant. The Assamese economy is aided by wildlife tourism to Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, which are World Heritage Sites. Sal tree forests are found in the state which, as a result of abundant rainfall, looks green all year round. Assam receives more rainfall than most parts of India; this rain feeds the Brahmaputra River, whose tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with a hydro-geomorphic environment.

Assam and adjoining regions have evidences of human settlements from all the periods of the Stone ages. The hills at the height of 1,500–2,000 feet were popular habitats probably due to availability of exposed dolerite basalt, useful for tool-making;

Ambari site in Guwahati has revealed Shunga-Kushana era artefacts including flight of stairs and a water tank which may date from 1st century BC and may be 2,000 years old. Experts speculate that another significant find at Ambari is Roman era Roman roulette pottery from the 2nd century BC. Samudragupta’s 4th century Allahabad pillar inscription mentions Kamarupa (Western Assam) and Davaka (Central Assam) as frontier kingdoms of the Gupta Empire;

The Ahoms, a Tai group, ruled Upper Assam, the Shans built their kingdom and consolidated their power in Eastern Assam with the modern town of Sibsagar as their capital. Until the early 1500s, the Ahoms ruled a small kingdom in Sibsagar district and suddenly expanded during King Suhungmung’s rule taking advantage of weakening rule of Chutia and Dimasa kingdoms. By 1681, the whole track down to the border of the modern district of Goalpara came permanently under their sway. Ahoms ruled for nearly 600 years (1228–1826 AD) with major expansions in the early 16th century at the cost of Chutia and Dimasa Kachari kingdoms. Since c. the 13th century AD, the nerve centre of Ahom polity was upper Assam; the kingdom was gradually extended to the Karatoya River in the 17th or 18th century. It was at its zenith during the reign of Sukhrungphaa or Sworgodeu Rudra Sinha (c. 1696–1714 AD). APSC Assam Yearbook 2020

The Chutiya rulers (1187–1673 AD), a Bodo-Kachari group by origin, held the regions on both the banks of Brahmaputra with its domain in the area eastwards from Vishwanath (north bank) and Buridihing (south bank), in Upper Assam and in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. It was partially annexed in the early 1500s by the Ahoms, finally getting absorbed in 1673 AD. The rivalry between the Chutiyas and Ahoms for the supremacy of eastern Assam led to a series of battles between them from the early 16th century until the start of the 17th century, which saw great loss of men and money.

The Koch, another Bodo-Kachari dynasty, established sovereignty in c. 1510 AD. The Koch kingdom in Western Assam and present-day North Bengal was at its zenith in the early reign of Nara Narayan (c. 1540–1587 AD). It split into two in c. 1581 CE, the western part as a Moghul vassal and the eastern as an Ahom satellite state. Later, in 1682, Koch Hajo was entirely annexed by the Ahoms. APSC Assam Yearbook 2020

A significant geographical aspect of Assam is that it contains three of six physiographic divisions of India – The Northern Himalayas (Eastern Hills), The Northern Plains (Brahmaputra plain) and Deccan Plateau (Karbi Anglong). As the Brahmaputra flows in Assam the climate here is cold and there is rainfall most of the month. Geomorphic studies conclude that the Brahmaputra, the life-line of Assam, is an antecedent river older than the Himalayas. The river with steep gorges and rapids in Arunachal Pradesh entering Assam, becomes a braided river (at times 10 mi/16 km wide) and with tributaries, creates a flood plain. The hills of Karbi Anglong, North Cachar and those in and close to Guwahati (also Khasi-Garo Hills) now eroded and dissected are originally parts of the South Indian Plateau system. In the south, the Barak originating in the Barail Range (Assam-Nagaland border) flows through the Cachar district with a 25–30 miles wide valley and enters Bangladesh with the name Surma River.

Urban centres include Guwahati, one of the 100 fastest growing cities in the world; Guwahati is the gateway to the North-East India. Silchar, (in the Barak valley) the 2nd most populous city in Assam and an important centre of business, Other large cities include Dibrugarh, an oil and natural gas industry centre,

With the tropical monsoon climate, Assam is temperate (summer max. at 95–100 °F or 35–38 °C and winter min. at 43–46 °F or 6–8 °C) and experiences heavy rainfall and high humidity. The climate is characterised by heavy monsoon downpours reducing summer temperatures and affecting foggy nights and mornings in winters, frequent during the afternoons. Spring (March–April) and autumn (September–October) are usually pleasant with moderate rainfall and temperature. Assam’s agriculture usually depends on the south-west monsoon rains.

Every year, flooding from the Brahmaputra and other rivers such as Barak River etc. deluges places in Assam, The water levels of the rivers rise because of rainfall resulting in the rivers overflowing their banks and engulfing nearby areas. Apart from houses and livestock being washed away by flood water, bridges, railway tracks, and roads are also damaged by the calamity, which causes communication breakdown in many places. Fatalities are also caused by the natural disaster in many places of the State;

Assam is one of the richest biodiversity zones in the world and consists of tropical rainforests, deciduous forests, riverine grasslands, bamboo orchards and numerous wetland ecosystems; many are now protected as national parks and reserved forests. Assam has wildlife sanctuaries, the most prominent of which are two UNESCO World Heritage sites the Kaziranga National Park, on the bank of the Brahmaputra River, and the Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, near the border with Bhutan.

Assam’s economy is based on agriculture and oil. Assam produces more than half of India’s tea. The Assam-Arakan basin holds about a quarter of the country’s oil reserves, and produces about 12% of its total petroleum. According to the recent estimates, Assam’s per capita GDP is ₹6,157 at constant prices (1993–94) and ₹10,198 at current prices; almost 40% lower than that in India. According to the recent estimates, per capita income in Assam has reached ₹6756 (1993–94 constant prices) in 2004–05, which is still much lower than India’s.

There are diversified important traditional festivals in Assam. Bihu is the most important and common and celebrated all over Assam. It is the Assamese New Year celebrated in April of the Gregorian calendar. Christmas is observed with great merriment by Christians of various denominations, including Catholics and Protestants, throughout Assam. Durga Puja, a festival introduced and popularised by Bengalis, is widely celebrated across the state. Muslims celebrate two Eids (Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha) with much eagerness all over Assam.

Bihu is a series of three prominent festivals. Primarily a non-religious festival celebrated to mark the seasons and the significant points of a cultivator’s life over a yearly cycle. Three Bihus, rongali or bohag, celebrated with the coming of spring and the beginning of the sowing season; kongali or kati, the barren bihu when the fields are lush but the barns are empty; and the bhogali or magh, the thanksgiving when the crops have been harvested and the barns are full. Bihu songs and Bihu dance are associated to rongali bihu. The day before the each bihu is known as ‘uruka’. The first day of ‘rongali bihu’ is called ‘Goru bihu’, when the cows are taken to the nearby rivers or ponds to be bathed with special care. In recent times the form and nature of celebration has changed with the growth of urban centres.

Bwisagu is one of the popular seasonal festivals of the Bodos. Bwisagu start of the New Year or age. Baisagu is a Boro word which originated from the word “Baisa” which means year or age, ang “Agu” that means starting or start.

Beshoma is a festival of Deshi people. It is a celebration of sowing crop. The Beshoma starts on the last day of Chaitra and goes on till the sixth of Baisakh. With varying locations it is also called Bishma or Chait-Boishne.

Bushu Dima or simply Bushu is a major harvest festival of the Dimasa people. This festival is celebrated during the end of January. Officially 27 January has been declared as the day of Bushu Dima festival. The Dimasa people celebrate their festival by playing musical instruments- khram (a type of drum), muri (a kind of huge long flute). The people dances to the different tunes called “murithai” and each dance has got its name, the prominent being the “Baidima” There are three types of Bushu celebrated among the Dimasas Jidap, Surem and Hangsou. APSC Assam Yearbook 2020

Chavang Kut is a post harvesting festival of the Kuki people. The festival is celebrated on the first day of November every year. Hence, this particular day has been officially declared as a Restricted Holiday by the Assam government. In the past, the celebration was primarily important in the religio-cultural sense. The rhythmic movements of the dances in the festival were inspired by animals, agricultural techniques and showed their relationship with ecology. Today, the celebration witnesses the shifting of stages and is revamped to suit new contexts and interpretations. The traditional dances which form the core of the festival is now performed in out-of-village settings and are staged in a secular public sphere. In Assam, the Kukis mainly reside in the two autonomous districts of Dima Hasao and Karbi Anglong. APSC Assam Yearbook 2020

APPSC Andhra Pradesh Yearbook 2020 : Current Affairs

APPSC Andhra Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 Useful for APPSC State PSC and all other competitive exams. It gives us immense pleasure in presenting the Andhra Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, Useful for APPSC State PSC and all other competitive exams. This book deals with the relevant features and topics of Current affairs of State in a systematic and comprehensive manner by the use of simple and concise language for easy and quick understanding. We hope that the readers will find this book user friendly and helpful in preparation of their examinations. I look forwarded to have the views, comment, suggestions and criticism from readers which would definitely help in further improvement of the Book. I would like to heartfelt thanks to all my team members for their efforts to prepare this book.

UPSC IAS Prelims 2020 – 60 Days Programme

Andhra Pradesh Current Affairs/General Knowledge Yearbook 2020 has become an integral part of a lot of entrance exams being conducted at the graduate and under-graduate levels. It is very important for students to remain updated on the current happenings in their surroundings especially those that are important from the perspective of state. Current Affairs Yearbook 2020, a thoroughly revised, reorganised, updated and ENLARGED edition, presents a comprehensive study of all the sections that are covered under the subject of General Knowledge. The Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on Current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like APPSC and Other Andhra Pradesh State PSC Civil services Exams across the State. The material has been written in a lucid language and prepared as per the requirements of the various competitive exams.

Current Affairs consists of latest news/ information about Andhra Pradesh based on The Hindu, Indian Express, PIB, Yojana, People, Events, Ideas and Issues across the Social, Economic & Political climate of the State. APPSC Andhra Pradesh Yearbook

This Ebook have: 1. Introduction of Andhra Pradesh 2. Current Affairs whole year 3. Practice MCQ

Why should you buy this Book?

Latest and Authentic information must for All Competitive Exams – The Mega Current Affairs Yearbook 2020 provides the latest information & most authentic data reference material on current Affairs and General Knowledge. It has specially been designed to cater to aspirants of various competitive exams like Civil services, APPSC and Other PSC exams and across the State.

Student-Friendly Presentation – The material has been given in bulleted points wherever necessary to make the content easy to grasp. The book has ample tabular charts, mind Maps, Graphic Illustrations which further makes the learning process flexible and interesting.

Must Have for Multiple Reasons: The Current Affairs Mega Yearbook 2020 is a Must-Have book for all kinds of Objective & Descriptive Tests, Essay Writing and Group Discussions & Personal Interviews, The Andhra Pradesh General Knowledge section provides crisp and to-the-point information in Geography, History, Polity, Economy, General Science, etc. which otherwise could be very exhaustive.

Wish you happy reading and best wishes for the examinations.

Click here to download

You can also buy the book from instamojo – Buy now

APPSC Andhra Pradesh Current Affairs Yearbook 2020

Introduction of Andhra Pradesh

Andhra Pradesh is one of the south-eastern states of India. A new State Telangana got its existence out of it on 2nd June 2014. In population, Andhra is the 10th biggest state of the country. As per 2011 census, the population of the state is 49,386,799. The capital of the state is Hyderabad. There are many beautiful cities, places in the state namely Vijayawada, Araku Valley, Visakhapatnam Port, Godavari Arch Bridge, Dolphin’s Nose Mountain etc.

The north-western portion of Andhra Pradesh was separated to form the new state of Telangana on 2 June 2014, and Hyderabad, the longtime capital of Andhra Pradesh, was transferred to Telangana as part of the division. However, in accordance with the Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014, Hyderabad was to remain the acting capital of both Andhra Pradesh and Telangana states for a period of time not exceeding ten years. The new riverfront de facto capital, Amaravati, is under the jurisdiction of the Andhra Pradesh Capital Region Development Authority. APPSC Andhra Pradesh Yearbook

Andhra Pradesh has a coastline of 974 km – the second longest coastline among the states of India, after Gujarat, with jurisdiction over almost 15,000 km2 of territorial waters. The state is bordered by Telangana in the north-west, Chhattisgarh and Odisha in the north-east, Karnataka in the west, Tamil Nadu in the south, and to the east lays the Bay of Bengal. The small enclave of Yanam, a district of Puducherry, lies to the south of Kakinada in the Godavari delta on the eastern side of the state.

The state is made up of the two major regions of Rayalaseema, in the inland southwestern part of the state, and Coastal Andhra to the east and northeast, bordering the Bay of Bengal. The state comprises thirteen districts in total, nine of which are located in Coastal Andhra and four in Rayalaseema. The largest city and commercial hub of the state are Visakhapatnam, located on the Bay of Bengal; the second largest city in the state is Vijayawada, located on the banks of the Krishna River. The economy of Andhra Pradesh is the seventh-largest state economy in India.

A group of people named Andhras was mentioned in Sanskrit texts such as Aitareya Brahmana (800–500 BCE). According to Aitareya Brahmana of the Rig Veda, the Andhras left north India from banks of River Yamuna and settled in south India. The Satavahanas have been mentioned by the names Andhra, Andhrara-jateeya and Andhrabhrtya in the Puranic literature. They did not refer themselves as Andhra in any of their coins or inscriptions; it is possible that they were termed as Andhras because of their ethnicity or because their territory included the Andhra region.

Harihara and Bukka, who served as treasury officers of the Kakatiyas of Warangal, founded the Vijayanagara Empire. In 1347 CE, an independent Muslim state, the Bahmani Sultanate, was established in south India by Ala-ud-Din Bahman Shah in a revolt against the Delhi Sultanate. The Qutb Shahi dynasty held sway over the Andhra country for about two hundred years from the early part of the sixteenth century to the end of the seventeenth century.

India became independent from the United Kingdom in 1947. The Nizam wanted to retain the independence of the Princely Hyderabad State from India, but the people of the region launched a movement to join the Indian Union. The state of Hyderabad was forcibly joined to the Republic of India with Operation Polo in 1948. APPSC Andhra Pradesh Yearbook

In an effort to gain an independent state based on linguistic identity, and to protect the interests of the Telugu-speaking people of Madras State, Potti Sreeramulu fasted to death in 1952. As Madras became a bone of contention, in 1949 a JVP committee report stated: “Andhra Province could be formed provided the Andhras give up their claim on the city of Madras (now Chennai)”. After Potti Sreeramulu’s death, the Telugu-speaking area of Andhra State was carved out of Madras State on 1 October 1953, with Kurnool as its capital city. On the basis of the gentlemen’s agreement of 1 November 1956, the States Reorganisation Act formed combined Andhra Pradesh by merging Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking areas of the already existing Hyderabad State. Hyderabad was made the capital of the new state. The Marathi-speaking areas of Hyderabad State merged with Bombay State and the Kannada-speaking areas were merged with Mysore State.

The state has varied topography ranging from the hills of Eastern Ghats and Nallamala Hills to the shores of Bay of Bengal that supports varied ecosystems, the rich diversity of flora and fauna. There are two main rivers namely, Krishna and Godavari that flow through the state. The coast of the state extends along the Bay of Bengal from Srikakulam to Nellore district. The plains to the east of Eastern Ghats form the Eastern coastal plains. The coastal plains are for the most part of delta regions formed by the Godavari, Krishna, and Penner Rivers. The Eastern Ghats are discontinuous and individual sections have local names. The Eastern Ghats are a major dividing line in the state’s geography. The Kadapa Basin formed by two arching branches of the Eastern Ghats is a mineral-rich area. The Ghats become more pronounced towards the south and extreme north of the coast. Most of the coastal plains are put to intense agricultural use. The Rayalaseema region has semi-arid conditions. APPSC Andhra Pradesh Yearbook

The state has many sanctuaries, national parks and zoological parks, such as Coringa, Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary, Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary, Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park and Indira Gandhi Zoological Park. Atapaka Bird Sanctuary, Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary and Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary attract many migratory birds. The diversity of fauna includes tigers, panthers, hyenas, black bucks, cheetals, sambhars, sea turtles and a number of birds and reptiles. The estuaries of the Godavari and Krishna Rivers support rich mangrove forests with fishing cats and otters as keystone species.

The climate of Andhra Pradesh varies considerably, depending on the geographical region. Summers last from March to June. In the coastal plain, the summer temperatures are generally higher than the rest of the state, with temperature ranging between 20 °C and 40 °C. July to September is the season for tropical rains. About one-third of the total rainfall is brought by the northeast monsoon. October and November see low-pressure systems and tropical cyclones form in the Bay of Bengal which, along with the northeast monsoon, bring rains to the southern and coastal regions of the state. APPSC Andhra Pradesh Yearbook

November, December, January, and February are the winter months in Andhra Pradesh. Since the state has a long coastal belt the winters are not very cold. The range of winter temperature is generally 12 °C to 30 °C. Lambasingi in Visakhapatnam district is the only place in South India which receives snowfall because of its location as at 1,000 m (3,300 ft) above the sea level. It is also nicknamed as the “Kashmir of Andhra Pradesh” and the temperature ranges from 0 °C to 10 °C

Mahayana Buddhism: Buddhism spread to Andhra Pradesh early in its history. The Krishna River valley was “a site of extraordinary Buddhist activity for almost a thousand years”. The ancient Buddhist sites in the lower Krishna Valley, including Amaravati, Nagarjunakonda and Jaggayyapeta;

The region played a central role in the development of Mahayana Buddhism, along with the Magadha-area in northeastern India. According to Xing, “Several scholars have suggested that the Prajnaparamita probably developed among the Mahasamghikas in Southern India probably in the Andhra country, on the Krishna River.

Andhra Pradesh’s economy is mainly based on agriculture and livestock. Four important rivers of India, the Godavari, Krishna, Penna, and Thungabhadra flow through the state and provide irrigation. 60 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture and related activities. Rice is the major food crop and staple food of the state. It is an exporter of many agricultural products and is also known as “Rice Bowl of India”. The state has three Agricultural Economic Zones in Chittoor district for mango pulp and vegetables, Krishna district for mangoes, Guntur district for chilies.

Satish Dhawan Space Centre, also known as Sriharikota Range (SHAR), at barrier island of Sriharikota in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh is a satellite launching station operated by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO). It is India’s primary orbital launch site. India’s lunar orbiter Chandrayaan-1 was launched from the centre on 22 October 2008. APPSC Andhra Pradesh Yearbook

INSIGHTSIAS STATIC QUIZ UPSC PRELIMS 2020

INSIGHTSIAS Daily Static Quiz/MCQS 2019-2020 for UPSC IAS Prelims and Other State PSC Exams. insightsias static quiz for civil services preliminary and state PSC Exams 2020. Subject wise daily quiz, important quizes for competitive exams. insightsias static quiz upsc: it is very popular and known for everyone because of quality of content and very useful for all competitive exams specially UPSC CSE Exam 2020.

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INSIGHTSIAS STATIC QUIZ FOR UPSC EXAMS

  1. 31 December 2019 : Static Quiz – History
  2. 30 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Environment
  3. 28 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Economy
  4. 27 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Geography
  5. 26 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Polity
  6. 25 December 2019 : Static Quiz- Art and Culture
  7. 24 December 2019 : Static Quiz- History
  8. 23 December 2019 : Static Quiz- Environment
  9. 21 December 2019 : Static Quiz- Economy
  10. 20 December 2019 : Static Quiz- Geography
  11. 19 December 2019 : Static Quiz- Polity
  12. 18 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Art and Culture
  13. 17 December 2019 : Static Quiz – History
  14. 16 December 2019 : Static  Quiz – Environment
  15. 14 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Economy
  16. 13 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Geography
  17. 12 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Polity
  18. 11 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Art and Culture
  19. 10 December 2019 : Static Quiz – History
  20. 09 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Environment
  21. 07 December 2019 : Static Quiz – Economy
  22. 06 December 2019: Static Quiz – Geography 
  23. 05 December 2019: Static Quiz – Indian Polity
  24. 04 December 2019: Static Quiz – Art and Culture
  25. 03 December 2019: Static Quiz – History
  26. 02 December 2019: Static Quiz – Environment
  27. 30  November 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  28. 29  November 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  29. 28  November 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  30. 27  November 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  31. 26  November 2019: Static quiz-History
  32. 25  November 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  33. 23  November 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  34. 22  November 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  35. 21  November 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  36. 20  November 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  37. 19  November 2019: Static quiz-History
  38. 18  November 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  39. 16  November 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  40. 15  November 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  41. 14 November 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  42. 13 November 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  43. 12 November 2019: Static quiz-History
  44. 11 November 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  45. 09 November 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  46. 08 November 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  47. 07 November 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  48. October 2019 Static Quiz Compilation
  49. 06 November 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  50. 05 November 2019: Static quiz-History
  51. 04 November 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  52. 02  November 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  53. 01  November 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  54. 31  October 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  55. 30  October 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  56. 29  October 2019: Static quiz-History
  57. 28  October 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  58. 24  October 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  59. 23  October 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  60. 22  October 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  61. 21  October 2019: Static quiz-History
  62. 18  October 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  63. 17  October 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  64. 16  October 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  65. 15  October 2019: Static quiz-History
  66. 13  October 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  67. 12  October 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  68. 11  October 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  69. 10  October 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  70. 09  October 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  71. 07  October 2019: Static quiz-History
  72. 05  October 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  73. 04  October 2019: Static quiz-Art and culture
  74. 03  October 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  75. 02  October 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  76. 01  October 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  77. 30  September 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  78. 28  September 2019: Static quiz-History
  79. 27  September 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  80. 26  September 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  81. 25  September 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  82. 24  September 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  83. 21  September 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  84. 20  September 2019: Static quiz-History
  85. 19  September 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  86. 18  September 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  87. 17  September 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  88. 16  September 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  89. 14  September 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  90. 13  September 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  91. 12  September 2019: Static quiz-History
  92. 11  September 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  93. 10  September 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  94. 09  September 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  95. 07  September 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  96. 06  September 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  97. 05  September 2019: Static quiz-History
  98. 04  September 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  99. 30  August 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  100. 29  August 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  101. 28  August 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  102. 27  August 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  103. 26  August 2019: Static quiz-History
  104. 24  August 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  105. 23  August 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  106. 22  August 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  107. 21  August 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  108. 20  August 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  109. 19  August 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  110. 17  August 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  111. 16  August 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  112. 14  August 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  113. 13  August 2019: Static quiz-History
  114. 12  August 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  115. 10  August 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  116. 08  August 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  117. 07  August 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  118. 06  August 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  119. 05  August 2019: Static quiz-History
  120. 03  August 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  121. 02  August 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  122. 01  August 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  123. 31  July 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  124. 30  July 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  125. 29  July 2019: Static quiz-History
  126. 27  July 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  127. 26  July 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  128. 25  July 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  129. 24  July 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  130. 23  July 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  131. 22  July 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  132. 20  July 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  133. 19  July 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  134. 18  July 2019: Static quiz-History
  135. 17  July 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  136. 16  July 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  137. 15  July 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  138. 13  July 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  139. 12  July 2019: Static quiz-History
  140. 11  July 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  141. 10  July 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  142. 09  July 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  143. 08  July 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  144. 06  July 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  145. 05  July 2019: Static quiz-History
  146. 04  July 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  147. 02  July 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  148. 01  July 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  149. 28  June 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  150. 27  June 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  151. 26  June 2019: Static quiz-History
  152. 25  June 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  153. 22  June 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  154. 21  June 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  155. 20  June 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  156. 19  June 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  157. 18  June 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  158. 17  June 2019: Static quiz-History
  159. 15  June 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  160. 14  June 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  161. 13  June 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  162. 12  June 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  163. 11  June 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  164. 10  June 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  165. 08  June 2019: Static quiz-History
  166. 07  June 2019: Static quiz-History
  167. 06  June 2019: Static quiz-History
  168. 05  June 2019: Static quiz-History
  169. 04 June 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  170. 03 June 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  171. 02 June 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  172. 01 June 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  173. 15 May 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  174. 14 May 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  175. 11 May 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  176. 09 May 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  177. 04 May 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  178. 03 May 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  179. 02 May 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  180. 01 May 2019: Static quiz-History
  181. 30 April 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  182. 29 April 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  183. 26 April 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  184. 25 April 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  185. 24 April 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  186. 23 April 2019: Static quiz-History
  187. 22 April 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  188. 19 April 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  189. 18 April 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  190. 17 April 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  191. 16 April 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  192. 15 April 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  193. 12 April 2019: Static quiz-History
  194. 11 April 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  195. 09 April 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  196. 08 April 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  197. 05 April 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  198. 04 April 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  199. 03 April 2019: Static quiz-History
  200. 02 April 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  201. 01 April 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  202. 29 March 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  203. 28 March 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  204. 27 March 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  205. 26 March 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  206. 25 March 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  207. 23 March 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  208. 22 March 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  209. 21 March 2019: Static quiz-History
  210. 20 March 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  211. 19 March 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  212. 18 March 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  213. 15 March 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  214. 14 March 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  215. 13 March 2019: Static quiz-History
  216. 12 March 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  217. 11 March 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  218. 09 March 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  219. 08 March 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  220. 07 March 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  221. 06 March 2019: Static quiz-History
  222. 05 March 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  223. 04 March 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  224. 02 March 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  225. 01 March 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  226. 28 February 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  227. 27 February 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  228. 26 February 2019: Static quiz-History
  229. 25 February 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  230. 21 February 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  231. 20 February 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  232. 19 February 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  233. 18 February 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  234. 16 February 2019: Static quiz-History
  235. 15 February 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  236. 14 February 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  237. 13 February 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  238. 12 February 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  239. 11 February 2019: Static quiz-History
  240. 09 February 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  241. 08 February 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  242. 07 February 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  243. 06 February 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  244. 05 February 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  245. 04 February 2019: Static quiz-History
  246. 02 February 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  247. 01 February 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  248. 31 January 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  249. 30 January 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  250. 29 January 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  251. 28 January 2019: Static quiz-History
  252. 26 January 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  253. 25 January 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  254. 24 January 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  255. 23 January 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  256. 22 January 2019: Static quiz-History
  257. 21 January 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  258. 19 January 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  259. 18 January 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  260. 17 January 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  261. 16 January 2019: Static quiz-History
  262. 15 January 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  263. 14 January 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  264. 12 January 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  265. 11 January 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  266. 10 January 2019: Static quiz-Polity
  267. 08 January 2019: Static quiz-History
  268. 07 January 2019: Static quiz-Environment
  269. 05 January 2019: Static quiz-Economy
  270. 04 January 2019: Static quiz-Ancient and Medieval history
  271. 03 January 2019: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  272. 02 January 2019: Static quiz-Geography
  273. 01 January 2019: Static quiz-Polity

UPSC IAS Prelims Exam 2020 Useful Series: INSIGHTSIAS Daily Static Quiz/MCQS 2019-2020 for UPSC IAS Prelims and Other State PSC Exams. insightsias static quiz for civil services preliminary and state PSC Exams 2020. INSIGHTSIAS Daily Static Quiz/MCQS 2019-2020 for UPSC IAS Prelims and Other State PSC Exams. insightsias static quiz for civil services preliminary and state PSC Exams 2020. Subject wise daily quiz, important quizes for competitive exams. insightsias static quiz upsc: it is very popular and known for everyone because of quality of content and very useful for all competitive exams specially UPSC CSE Exam 2020.

STATIC QUIZ-2018

  1. 31 December 2018: Static quiz-History
  2. 29 December 2018: Static quiz-Environment
  3. 28 December 2018: Static quiz-Economy
  4. 27  December 2018: Static quiz-Polity
  5. 26  December 2018: Static quiz-History
  6. 25 December 2018: Static quiz-Geography
  7. 24 December 2018: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  8. 22 December 2018: Static quiz-Geography
  9. 21 December 2018: Static quiz-History
  10. 20 December 2018: Static quiz-Polity
  11. 19 December 2018: Static quiz-Environment
  12. 18 December 2018: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  13. 17 December 2018: Static quiz-Geography
  14. 15 December 2018: Static quiz-Polity
  15. 14 December 2018: Static quiz-History
  16. 13 December 2018: Static quiz-Art and Culture
  17. 12 December 2018: Static quiz-Environment
  18. 11 December 2018: Static quiz- Geography
  19. 10 December 2018: Static quiz- Polity
  20. 08 December 2018: Static quiz- History
  21. 07 December 2018: Static quiz- Art and culture
  22. 06 December 2018: Static quiz- Environment
  23. 05 December 2018: Static quiz- History
  24. 04 December 2018: Static quiz- Polity
  25. 03 December 2018: Static quiz- Geography
  26. 01 December 2018: Static quiz- Art and Culture
  27. 29 November 2018: Static quiz -Environment
  28. 28 November 2018: Static quiz -Polity
  29. 27 November 2018: Static quiz -Modern History
  30. 26 November 2018: Static quiz -Geography
  31. STATIC QUIZ COMPILATION 3
  32. 24 November 2018: Static quiz -Art and Culture
  33. 23 November 2018: Static quiz -History
  34. 22 November 2018: Static quiz -Environment
  35. 21 November 2018: Static quiz -Polity
  36. 20 November 2018: Static quiz -Geography
  37. 19 November 2018: Static quiz -Art and Culture
  38. 17 November 2018: Static quiz -History
  39. 16 November 2018: Static quiz -Geography and Environment
  40. 15 November 2018: Static quiz -Polity
  41. 07 November 2018: Static quiz -Polity
  42. 06 November 2018: Static quiz -Art and culture
  43. 05 November 2018: Static quiz -Polity
  44. 03 November 2018: Static quiz -Polity
  45. 02 November 2018: Static quiz -Polity
  46. 01 November 2018: Static quiz -Art and Culture
  47. 30 October 2018: Static quiz -Art and Culture
  48. 29 October 2018: Static quiz -Historical evolution of the Constitution
  49. 26 October 2018: Static quiz -History
  50. 25 October 2018: Static quiz -Culture
  51. 11 October 2018: Static quiz -Indian Geography
  52. 10 October 2018: Static quiz -Economics
  53. 09 October 2018: Static quiz -History
  54. 08 October 2018: Static quiz -Polity and Rights issues
  55. 05 October 2018: Static quiz -Indian  Geography 
  56. 04 October 2018: Static quiz -Physical Geography and Environment
  57. 03 October 2018: Static quiz -Culture 
  58. 02 October 2018: Static quiz -History 
  59. 01 October 2018: Static quiz -Polity Rights and Issues 
  60. 28 September 2018: Static quiz -Indian Geography 
  61. 27 September 2018: Static quiz -Physical Geography and Environment
  62. 26 September 2018: Static quiz -Culture
  63. 25 September 2018: Static quiz -History
  64. 24 September 2018: Static quiz -Polity and Rights issues
  65. 22 September 2018: Static quiz -Indian Geography 
  66. 21 September 2018: Static quiz -Physical Geography and Environment
  67. 20 September 2018: Static quiz -History
  68. 19 September 2018: Static quiz -Culture
  69. 18 September 2018: Static quiz -Economics
  70. 17 September 2018: Static quiz -Polity and Rights issues
  71. 14 September 2018: Static quiz -Polity and Rights issues
  72. 03 September 2018: Static quiz -History 
  73. 02 September 2018: Static quiz -Indian Geography