Daily Current Affairs 27 March 2019

UPSC CSE IAS / STATE PSC /SSC/BANKING/RAILWAYS AND OTHER EXAMS DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS MCQ 

Q1. Consider following statement about Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS)

i. It is published by Central Statistical Organization.

ii. Government recently released this report.

iii. PLFS was first published in 2016

Which of the above statements are correct?

(A) i and ii only

(B) ii and iii only

(C)All of the above

(D)None of the above

  • The NSSO used to conduct 5-year LFP (labour force participation) surveys. 2017- 18 is the first the Periodic Labour Force Survey conducted by NSSO. It is an annual survey mapping of unemployment to provide a clearer picture of unemployment. Government refused to publish it. Rather Government used MUDRA data for job growth projection.

Q2. Periodic Labour Force Survey consists of

i. Quarterly employment survey

ii. Quarterly unemployment survey

iii. The survey of urban areas only

iv. The survey is done on the basis of households

Which of the above statements are correct?

(A) i and ii only

(B) i, ii and iv only

(C) ii, iii and iv only

(D) all of the above

  • PLFS quarterly survey of both employment and unemployment in both urban and rural areas. The survey is done on the basis of households.

Q3. Bharat New Vehicle Safety Assessment Programme proposes to make makes following safety features mandatory:

i. front airbags

ii. ABS (anti-lock braking system)

iii. Seat belt reminders

iv. Child restraint systems

V. electronic stability program/ pedestrian safety programme

(A)i, ii, iii, iv

(B) i, ii, iii

(C) i, iii, iv, v

(D)All of the above

Q4. Which of the following is not true about Polar vortex?

(A)It is a wind circulation in Troposphere

(B)The phenomenon affects severity of winter

(C)Warming weakens the Polar Vortex

(D)Polar Vortex causes heavy snowfall in USA and Canada

  • It is wind circulation in stratosphere

Q5. Consider the following statements:

1. NABARD is an apex body to coordinate the activities of all institutions involved in the rural financing system.

2. ‘Kudumbashree’ is a women-oriented community-based poverty reduction programme implemented by the Government of India.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A)1 only

(B) 2 only

(C)Both 1 and 2

(D)Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: Statement 1 is correct while statement 2 is wrong.

‘Kudumbashree’ is a women-oriented community-based poverty reduction programme being implemented in Kerala. The National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) was set up in 1982 as an apex body to coordinate the activities of all institutions involved in the rural financing system.

Q6. Regarding ‘Indian dairy sector’, which of the following statements is/are true?

1. Milk production in the country has increased by more than eight times between 1951-2014.

2. This can be attributed mainly to the successful implementation of ‘Operation Flood’.

Select the correct answer using the code given below:

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 only

(C)Both 1 and 2

(D)Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: Both statements are correct.

Q7. Why does the matchstick start burning on rubbing it on the side of the matchbox?

(A)On rubbing the matchstick combustible substance of matchstick gets ignition temperature.

 (B)On rubbing the matchstick combustible substance on the side of the matchbox gets ignition temperature.

(C)On rubbing the matchstick very high temperature develops within a fraction of seconds.

(D)None of the above

Explanation: Option (A) is correct.

  • The lowest temperature at which a substance catches fire is called its ignition temperature.
  • These days the head of the safety match contains only antimony tri-sulphide and potassium chlorate.
  • The rubbing surface has powdered glass and a little red phosphorus (which is much less dangerous).
  • When the match is struck against the rubbing surface, some red phosphorus gets converted into white phosphorus.
  • This immediately reacts with potassium chlorate in the matchstick head to produce enough heat to ignite antimony tri-sulphide and start the combustion.

Q8. It has been seen that some time tadpoles in a water body are unable to become adults. The Appropriate explanation for the above would be:

(A)BOD of the water is poor.

(B)The Iodine content of the water is poor.

(C)The water is highly rich in fat content.

(D)The Nitrogen content of the water is poor.

Explanation: Option (B) is correct.

  • The change from larva to adult is called metamorphosis.
  • Metamorphosis in insects is controlled by insect hormones.
  • In a frog, it is controlled by thyroxin, the hormone produced by thyroid.
  • Thyroxin production requires the presence of iodine in water.
  • If the water in which the tadpoles are growing does not contain sufficient iodine, the tadpoles cannot become adults.

Q9. With reference to the ‘Ashokan inscriptions’, consider the following statements:

1. Inscriptions of Shahbazgarhi and Mansehra were engraved in Kharosthi.

2. Kandhar inscriptions were engraved in Greek and Aramaic.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

(A) 1 only

(B) 2 only

(C)Both 1 and 2

(D)Neither 1 nor 2

Explanation: Both statements are correct.

  • Ashokan Inscriptions of Shahbazgarhi and Mansehra (Pakistan) were engraved in ‘Kharosthi’. While Kandhar inscriptions were engraved in Greek and Aramaic.

Q10. With reference to the ‘Mahajanpadas Tax System’, consider the following statements:

1. The tax was fixed at 1/6th of what was produced.

2. Craftsperson may have had to work for a day every month for the King.

3. There were no taxes on goods that were bought and sold, through trade.

Which of the statements given above are correct?

(A) 1, 2 and 3

(B) 1 and 3 only

(C) 2 and 3 only

(D) 1 and 2 only

Explanation: Statements 1 and 2 are correct while statement 3 is wrong.

  • Instead of depending on occasional gifts brought by people, as in the case of the king of the Janapadas, they started collecting regular taxes. Taxes on crops were the most important, usually; the tax was fixed at 1/6th of what was produced. The craftsperson may have had to work for a day every month for the King. There were also taxes on goods that were bought and sold through trade.

Q11. Which Indian naval ship is participating in the 15th edition of Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition, LIMA-19?

(A)INS Kadmatt

(B)INS Viraat

(C)INS Vikrant

(D)INS Gangotri

(E)INS Kaladaan

Q12. The Indian Navy’s state of the art Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Training Facility (NBCTF) was inaugurated by Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba at INS Shivaji, Lonavala. The training facility has been named_____________.

(A)ANUPAM

(B)AKHAND

(C)SURAKSHA

(D)ABHEDYA

(E)ATULNIYA

Q13. Kala Prapoorna awardee, Vinjamuri Anasuya Devi passed away. She was a well-known_____.

(A)Quiz Master

(B)Magician

(C)Human rights activist

(D)Painter

(E)Folk artist

Q14. Which of the following city will become the world’s first city to install wireless, induction-based charging stations for its fleet of electric taxis?

(A)Oslo

(B)Copenhagen

(C)Stockholm

(D)Bergen

(E)Gothenburg

Q15. Who among the following has won the prestigious Global Teacher Prize for 2019 at a ceremony in Dubai?

(A)J.K. Rowling

(B)Tabiko Gibson

(C)Kailash Satyarthi

(D)Peter Tabichi

(E)Amartya Sen

Q16. The Indian Air Force formally inducted the CH 47 F (I) – Chinook heavy-lift helicopters into its inventory at Air Force Station Chandigarh. These helicopters are manufactured by which of the following organisation?

(A)General Dynamics

(B)BAE Systems

(C)Boeing

(D)Lockheed Martin

(E)Finmeccanica

Q17- The joint training exercise MITRASHAKTI – VI between Indian and which Countries Army kick-started at Diyatalawa

(A)Thailand

(B)Sri Lanka

(C)Malaysia

(D)Nepal

(E)Bhutan

Q18. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has appointed 5-member committee to strengthen digital payments as well as to boost financial inclusion through Financial Technology. The Chairman/headed of committee will be?

(A) Nandan Nilekani

(B)Ratan Wattal

(C)Raj Kumar Ratan

(D)Vinayak Lal

(E)Bimal Jalan

Q19. A consortium of two Indian oil companies has been awarded the exploration rights for Abu Dhabi’s Onshore Block 1. These two companies’ are________ and _________.

(A)BHEL, BEL

(B)ONGC, NTPC

(C)IOCL, HPCL

(D)IOCL, NTPC

(E)BPCL, IOCL

Q20. US President Donald Trump has signed a proclamation recognising Israel’s sovereignty over the _____________.

(A)Haifa

(B)Izara Heights

(C)Golan Heights

(D)Damascus

(E)Arar City

 Solutions

Ans.11. (A)

  • Indian Navy’s frontline ASW corvette, INS Kadmatt arrived at Langkawi, Malaysia on a 7 days official visit. The ship is scheduled to participate in the 15th edition of Langkawi International Maritime and Aerospace Exhibition, LIMA-19 during the visit.

Ans.12. (B)

  • The Indian Navy’s state of the art Nuclear, Biological, and Chemical Training Facility (NBCTF) was inaugurated by Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Sunil Lanba at INS Shivaji, Lonavala. The training facility has been named ABHEDYA, which means impenetrable in Sanskrit.

Ans.13. (E)

  • Kala Prapoorna awardee, Vinjamuri Anasuya Devi passed away at the age of 99 due to illness in the USA. She was an eminent folk artist, radio commentator and author. She was also an awardee of lifetime achievement award in America and ‘Queen of Folk’ award in Paris.

Ans.14. (A)

  • Oslo, the capital city of Norway will become the world’s first city to install wireless, induction-based charging stations for its fleet of electric taxis with an aim to have a zero-emission cab system by the year 2023 according to a report by Reuters.

Ans.15. (D)

  • Peter Tabichi, a member of the Franciscan religious order has been conferred with the prestigious Global Teacher Prize for 2019 at a ceremony in Dubai hosted by Hollywood actor, Hugh Jackman.

Ans.16. (C)

  • The Indian Air Force formally inducted the CH 47 F (I) – Chinook heavy-lift helicopters into its inventory at Air Force Station Chandigarh. IAF had signed a contract with M/s Boeing Ltd in September 2015 for 15 Chinook helicopters.

Ans.17. (B)

  • The joint training exercise MITRASHAKTI – VI between Indian and Sri Lanka Army kick-started at Diyatalawa in Sri Lanka.

Ans.18. (A)

  • Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has appointed 5-member committee under the chairmanship of Nandan Nilekani to strengthen digital payments as well as to boost financial inclusion through Financial Technology.

Ans.19. (E)

  • A consortium of two Indian oil companies, Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited, and Indian Oil Corporation Limited has been awarded the exploration rights for Abu Dhabi’s Onshore Block 1. The Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC) signed agreements awarding the exploration rights.

Ans.20. (C)

  • US President Donald Trump has signed a proclamation recognising Israel’s sovereignty over the Golan Heights and told the visiting Israeli Prime Minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, that Israel has an absolute right to self-defence.

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