Daily Current Affairs 9-10 April 2019

Daily Current Affairs MCQ for Competitive Exams.

61. Which of the following statements with respect to the 15th finance commission are true?

1) This is the first FC after the abolition of the Planning Commission as well as after the elimination of Plan and non-plan expenditure.

2) The Commission’s Terms of Reference requires it to recommend performance-based incentives to states. Some of the items in this indicative list are efforts on GST, population control, increasing capital expenditure, implementation of flagship programs, etc.

3) One of the Terms of Reference made to this Finance Commission is to review the current level of debt of the Union and the States and recommend a fiscal consolidation roadmap for sound fiscal management.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

62. Which of the following statements describing relationship between microorganisms and human immunity are true?

1) The body produces several antimicrobial substances that kill or stop microbes from growing. For example the enzymes in tears and saliva break down bacteria.

2) The stomach produces acid which destroys many of the microbes that enter the body in food and drink.

3) Urine as it flows through the urinary system flushes microbes out of the bladder and urethra.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

63 .Consider the following statements regarding development of languages in India:

1) Ours is a multilingual country where more than 19,500 languages or dialects are spoken. However, almost 97 per cent of the population speaks one of the 22 scheduled languages.

2) The modern Indian languages do not have ancient roots and have been derived in some way from the classical indigenous languages.

3) The classical languages provide the window to our past, to the civilization values of yesteryears, to the knowledge and wisdom of our ancient thinkers, scientists, poets, sages, doctors, philosophers and rulers.

Which of the above statements are true?

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

64. Which of the following statements with respect to La Nina are true?

1) La Niña is a natural event characterized by abnormal hot ocean temperatures in the Equatorial Pacific.

2) A number of tropical cyclones, drought, and wetter conditions are correlated with La Niña events.

3) Just like an El Niño event, La Niña is tied to increased chances of extensive changes in global weather.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

65. A 12 member Indian Army patrol along with a police representative recovered wreckage of a World War II vintage US Air Force aircraft in Ruing district in India recently. The region had seldom been ventured by anyone in the past and is even obscured from air due to thick foliage.

The region belongs to which of the following states in India?

A) Jammu & Kashmir

b) Arunachal Pradesh

c) Uttarakhand

d) Sikkim

ANSWER:

61(d), 62(d), 63(c), 64(c), 65(b)

66. Which of the following statements regarding the first-formed solids of the solar system, the calcium aluminium-rich inclusions (CAI) are true?

1) The CAIs are nearly 4.567 billion years old, predominantly composed of oxides and silicates of calcium and aluminium.

2) They become the refractory components within meteorites with irregular shape.

3) The super flares that occurred in primordial periods have moved these solids to distances measuring up to a few times the Earth-Sun distance.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

67. Consider the following pairs of tribes with their location states:

1) Lambast: Himachal Pradesh

2) Chiru: Madhya Pradesh

3) Kuki: Manipur

4 Bhutia: Rajasthan

5) Jatapus: Andhra Pradesh

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

a) 1, 2 & 3 only

b) 3, 4 & 5 only

c) 1, 3 & 5 only

D) all of the above

68. Consider the following statements regarding Indian growth prospects by the ADB (Asian development Bank):

1) According to the Asian Development Outlook 2019, India’s growth slowed from 7.2 per cent in fiscal 2017 to 7 per cent in 2018.

2) The decline in growth was associated with weaker agricultural output and consumption growth curtailed by higher global oil prices and lower government expenditure.

3) The proposed policy rate cuts along with income support to be received by farmers will further deteriorate the growth rate in 2019.

Which of the above statements are true?

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

69. RBI has infused more funds into the market by squeezing the LCR (liquidity coverage ratio) norms, which of the following regarding LCR are true?

1) The LCR is a chief take away from the Basel Accord, which is a series of regulations developed by The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS).

2) LCR indicates the proportion of highly liquid assets held by banks to ensure their ability to meet short-term obligations.

3) A limitation of the LCR is that it requires banks to hold more cash and might lead to fewer loans issued to consumers and businesses.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

70. The Indian Army has set a record by building the longest bridge in Leh within 40 Days.The bridge named “Maitri” has been built over which of the following Himalayan rivers ?

a) Ravi

b) Beas

c) Indus

d) Satluj

ANSWER:

66(d), 67(c), 68(a), 69(d), 70(c)

71. Consider the following statements regarding India’s health care prospects:

1) India is known as the pharmacy to the world because of its good quality, affordable drugs. Although our health care services are among the cheapest in the world, some of the life saving drugs and procedures are still beyond the reach of the common man.

2) Although the life expectancy has increased the rise in the non communicable diseases is adversely affecting the quality of life.

3) Initiatives of the government such as Khelo India, which aspire to mould fit and healthy individuals who would create an equally healthy society and a strong nation, will go a long way in promoting health and wellbeing of our children.

Which of the above statements are true?

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

72. The Vice president of India has greeted the people on the joyous occasion of various traditional festivals of the country. Some of them are known in different names in different places as well.

Which of the following pairs of festivals are correctly matched?

1) Ugadi: Andhra Pradesh

2) Yugadi : Tamilnadu

3) Nav reh: Kashmir

4) Sajubu Nongma : Assam

5) Gudi Padwa : Maharashtra

a) 1,2& 3 only

b) 3, 4 & 5 only

c) 1, 3 & 5 only

D) all of the above

73. Which of the following statements relating to green initiatives to be taken in course of development are true?

1) Greenery and Dense plantation have a major impact on the conservation of energy, and reduce the energy requirement of the building.

2) In order to maintain sustainable environment, pollution free clean air, it is essential to give up the plantation work.

3) There is need to adopt wood alternative in building construction. Use of alternate materials like Bamboo needs to be encouraged.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

74. Which of the following statements regarding the NITI Aayog report on Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles II (FAME II) scheme of the government are true?

1) According to the analysis, if FAME II and other measures in public and private space are successful, India could realize EV sales penetration of 30% of private cars, 70% of commercial cars, 40% of buses and 80% of two and three-wheelers by 2030.

2) India needs auto industry’s active participation to ease electric mobility transition. The auto and battery industries could collaborate to enhance customer awareness, promote domestic manufacturing, promote new business models, conduct R&D for EVs and components, and consider new business models to promote EVs

3) Government should focus on a phased manufacturing plan to promote EVs, provide fiscal and non-fiscal incentives for phased manufacturing of EVs and batteries.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

75. Which of the following places in India is known as the yoga capital of the world?

a) Dehradun

b) Rishikesh

c) Vijayawada

d) Amritsar

ANSWER:

71(d), 72(c), 73(c), 74(d), 75(b)

76. Consider the following statements with respect to the Lokpal jurisdiction under Lokpal and Lokayukta Act:

1) The Lokpal has jurisdiction over Group A and B public servants, depriving the CBI of its own jurisdiction over these two groups.

2) Although the Lokpal has its own Inquiry Wing, it can nevertheless forward a complaint to the CBI for a preliminary inquiry, and thereafter for registering a regular case under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.

3) The Lokpal and Lokayukta act gives the impression that superintendence over the CBI is shared by the Lokpal and the government, and neither is in exclusive command of the former.

Which of the above statements are true?

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3only

D) all of the above

77. Consider the following pairs of endangered species in India and their corresponding habitat locations:

1) Great Indian bustard: Pench NP

2) Angul: Dachigam NP

3) Dugong: New Moore islands

4) Sangai: Keibul Lamjao NP

Which of the above pairs are correctly matched?

a) 1, 2& 3 only

b) 2, 3 & 4 only

c) 2 & 4 only

d) 1 & 3 only

78. With respect India’s commitment to contain GHG’s and shifts towards renewable energy, which of the following statements is true?

1) In view of the increasing demand in the power sector with each passing day, India needs to fully tap the potential for sustainable and environmental-friendly energy in order to fulfil its commitments.

2) With the focus increasingly shifting to clean energy in recent years, India has become an attractive destination for investments in renewable energy sector.

3) Under the “Solar City” concept, it is aimed to reduce the projected demand for conventional energy by 10 per cent at the end of five years by enhancing supply from renewable energy sources and energy efficiency measures.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3only

D) all of the above

79. Which of the following statements regarding election expenses of candidates are true?

1) According to ECI dictate, a candidate can spend between Rs 50 lakh and Rs 70 lakh; on the state he/she is contesting the Loksabha election which is uniform for all states.

2) The expense above includes the money spent by a political party or a supporter with respect to the contender’s campaign; however, they do not include the costs incurred by the party to promote its schemes or plans.

3) As per Section 10A of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, a person can be disqualified failing to file an account of election expenses and if he submits a wrongful information.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3only

D) all of the above

80. The “Lord Howe” island recently seen in news with respect to immense coral bleaching in the area is in which of the following seas?

a) Tasman Sea

b) Coral sea

c) Solomon sea

d) Banda sea

ANSWER:

76(b), 77(c), 78(d), 79(b), 80(a)

81. With respect to coral bleaching in oceans, which of the following statements are true?

1) Bleaching occurs when abnormal environmental conditions, such as warmer sea temperatures, cause corals to expel tiny photosynthetic algae, draining them of their colour.

2) When a coral bleaches, it is not dead. Corals can survive a bleaching event, but they are under more stress and are subject to mortality.

3) A healthy, resilient reef can either resist a stressful event, like bleaching, but cannot recover from it.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

82. Which of the following nucleases are used for genome editing?

1) Zinc finger nucleases

2) TALEN

3) Mega nucleases

4) MAGE

a) 1, 2 & 3 only

b) 2, 3 & 4 only

c) 2 & 4 only

D) all of the above

83. Which of the following statements regarding the recently published State of Global Air 2019 report on global air pollution are true?

1) The current high level of air pollution has shortened the average lifespan of a South Asian child by two-and-a- half years.

2) In India, air pollution is the third highest cause of death among all health risks, ranking just above smoking; each year, more people globally die from air pollution-related diseases than from road traffic injuries or malaria.

3) PMUjjwalaYojana Household LPG programme, accelerated Bharat Stage VI clean vehicle standards, and the new National Clean Air Programme, if fully implemented as part of a sustained commitment to air quality will result in significant health benefits in coming years.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

84. Consider the following statements with respect to Indian (Advanced Pricing Agreement) APA:

1) An APA is a mechanism to resolve transfer pricing disputes in advance, i.e., before the cross-border related party transaction actually takes place or, at least, before a dispute arises in respect of such cross-border transaction.

2) The Indian APA programme has been appreciated nationally and internationally for being able to address complex transfer pricing issues in a fair and transparent manner.

3) The progress of the APA scheme strengthens the Government’s resolve of fostering a non-adversarial tax regime.

Which of the above statements are true?

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

85. Which of the following offices/personalities forms the Central Public Information Officer (CPIO) with the authority tasked to respond to RTI queries related to the Supreme Court of India?

A) Supreme court secretary

b) Attorney General

c) Loksabha secretary

d) PRO Chief Justice’s Office

ANSWER:

81(a), 82(a), 83(d), 84(d), 85(b)

86. With respect to the prospects of stunting in young children as per recent surveys, which of the following statements are true?

1) About 38% of children in India below the age of five years are stunted. One of the reasons for this is that the food consumed by young children are mainly cereal based, which lack quality protein that can be well digested and the content of certain essential amino acids such as lysine is limited.

2) While consuming quality protein that contains adequate amounts of digestible essential amino acids helps in preventing stunting completely.

3) The digestibility of essential amino acids is least for Moong dal and highest for eggs.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

87. After an eight-year-long process, Erode turmeric finally got a Geographical Indication (GI) tag from the Geographical Indication Registry.

Which of the following are the optimum growth conditions/features of the crop?

1) Erode Turmeric is golden yellow in colour with resistance to pests after boiling.

2) Erode turmeric contains of high cur cumin content than normal turmeric ranging to 15-20%.

3) Erode Turmeric is grown in hot moist conditions prevalent in the area with temperature ranging from 20 degrees to 37.9 degrees Celsius with an average of 600 to 800 mm rainfall in a year.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

88. Consider the following statements regarding PMI Purchasing manager’s index:

1) The Purchasing Managers’ Index (PMI) is an indicator of the economic health of the manufacturing sector based on five major indicators: new orders, inventory levels, production, supplier deliveries and the employment environment.

2) The purpose of the PMI is to provide information about current business conditions to company decision makers, analysts and purchasing managers.

3) Even though India’s services PMI has been low over the years, the Manufacturing PMI has been high within a 6 month period.

Which of the above statements are true?

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

89. India on Tuesday signed an agreement with a development bank for setting up India-Africa Institute of Agriculture and Rural Development (IAIARD) in Malawi.

Which of the following statements regarding the same are true?

1) IAIARD will be a Pan-African Institute wherein trainees not only from Malawi but also from other African countries, will receive training to develop their human resources and build their capacity.

2) The entire expenditure on faculty from India, the travel, logistics and training course expenses for students from other African countries will be borne by the Government of India for an initial period of three years.

3) This institute will be the first of its kind developed in an African country by India. This will further strengthen the bilateral relations with Malawi and India’s relations with African Union.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

90. Which of the following countries is set to launch the world’s first fully-fledged 5-G mobile network system?

a) China

b) South Korea

c) India

d) New Zealand

ANSWER:

86(c), 87(c), 88(a), 89(d), 90(b)

91. Consider the following statements regarding global prospects on women entrepreneurship are true:

1) A recent World Bank report has revealed that women employers tend to hire mostly women. But many of such women-owned firms are micro-household enterprises employing 1 to 2 persons.

2) Empowerment of women is central to achieving the objective of inclusive, equitable and sustainable development and it should not only be a national goal but a global agenda.

3) Although we have much to celebrate, we must remember that 9 out of 10 jobs in India are still being created in the informal sector which affords little room for innovation and growth.

Which of the above statement are true?

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

92. Which of the following Indian freedom struggle personalities were associated with Champaran Satyagraha –Gandhiji’s first civil disobedience movement?

1) Narhari Parekh

2) Rajendra Prasad

3) Sardar Patel

4) JB Kripalani

5) Hasrat Mohani

a) 1, 2 & 3 only

b) 1, 2 & 4 only

c) 2 & 4 only

d) 3, 4 & 5 only

93. Which of the following statements regarding Space debris are true?

1) The term refers to the debris from the mass of defunct, artificially created objects in space, especially Earth orbit. These include old satellites and spent rocket stages, as well as the fragments from their disintegration and collisions.

2) Initially the term space debris also referred to the natural debris found in the solar system: asteroids, comets, and meteoroids.

3) In most of the cases they cause damages to astronaut and other satellites as these cannot be tracked using Radars or optical detectors.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

94. Which of the following statements regarding NMDC (National Mineral Development Corporation is true?

1) The National Mineral Development Corporation is an Indian state-controlled mineral producer. It is 72.43% owned by the Government of India, under the administrative control of the Ministry of Steel.

2) It is involved in the exploration of iron ore, copper, rock phosphate, limestone inside India while ONGC is the only company involved in offshore exploration outside India.

3) It also operates the only mechanized diamond mine in the country at Panna in Madhya Pradesh.

A) 1 & 2 only

b) 2 & 3 only

c) 1 & 3 only

D) all of the above

95. Which of the following became the first city in the country to leapfrog from Euro-IV grade petrol and diesel to Euro-VI fuels recently?

a) Gurugram

b) New Delhi

c) Faridabad

D) Varanasi

ANSWER:

91(d), 92(b), 93(a), 94(c), 95(b)

96. In the context of ‘Regional Rapid Transport System’, which of the following are its benefits?

a) It will drive balanced socio-economic growth with increased economic activities.

b) It offers efficient regional connectivity.

c) It will reduce pollution and road congestion.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: Regional Rapid Transport System will drive balanced socio-economic growth with increased economic activities. It offers efficient regional connectivity and reduces pollution and road congestion.

97. Which among the following is the part of National Electronic Policy 2019?

a) Create eco-system for globally competitive Electronics System Design and Manufacturing – (ESDM).

b) Promote technologies like 5G, loT/ Sensors, Artificial Intelligence (Al), Machine Learning, Virtual Reality (VR) and Drones.

c) Create a Sovereign Patent Fund (SPF) to promote the development and acquisition of Intellectual Property.

d) Offer Special focus on Fabless Chip Design, Medical Electronic Devices and Automotive Electronics.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: National Policy on Electronics 2019 (NPE 2019) envisions positioning India as a global hub for Electronics System Design and Manufacturing – (ESDM) by encouraging and driving capabilities in the country for developing core components, including chipsets, and creating an enabling environment for the industry to compete globally.

98. With reference to Nirbhaya Fund, which of the following are its objectives?

a) The fund is expected to support initiatives which safeguards and protects the dignity and ensuring safety of women in India.

b) Setup Nirbhaya centres near government hospital in every district.

c) Create victim compensation fund for rehabilitation of victims of acid attacks.

Answer: Above all

Explanation: Nirbhaya Fund is fund which supports initiatives by the government and NGOs working towards protecting the dignity and ensuring safety of women in India. Nirbhaya (fearless) was the pseudonym given to the 2012 Delhi gang rape victim to hide her actual identity.

99.With reference to the National Testing Agency, which of the following are its functions ?

a) To set-up a question bank for all subjects using modern techniques.

b) To develop a state of the art culture of testing in India by using domestic and international expertise.

c) To establish a strong R&D culture as well as a pool of experts in different aspects of testing.

Select the correct answer using the code below:

Answer: Above all

Explanation: National Testing Agency (NTA) has been established as a premier, specialist, autonomous and self-sustained testing organization to conduct entrance examinations for admission/fellowship in higher educational institutions.

100. With reference to the National Statistical Commission, which of the following are objectives?

a) To identify the core statistics, which are of national importance and are critical to the development of the Economy

b) Evolve national strategies for the collection, tabulation and dissemination of core statistics.

Answer: both a and b only

Explanation: National Statistical commission was created to serve as a nodal and empowered body for all core statistical activities of the country, evolve, monitor and enforce statistical priorities and standards.

Source:Civilservicesindia+PIB+The Hindu

Leave a Reply