Daily Current Affairs MCQs- 19-06-2020

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Daily Current Affairs MCQs- 19-06-2020

1) Consider the following statements with respect to Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan

  1. It is to boost livelihood opportunities in Rural India.
  2. Migrant workers will be provided grains and chana, per family, per month, for two months under this scheme. 

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.  1 only

b.  2 only

c.  Both 1 and 2

d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : a

  • Government of India has decided to launch a massive rural public works scheme ‘Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan.
  • It aims to empower and provide livelihood opportunities to the returnee migrant workers and rural citizens
  • The campaign will be run on a mission mode for 125 days, involving intensified and focused implementation of 25 different types of works to provide jobs to the migrant workers.
  • The campaign also aims to create infrastructure worth Rs 50,000 crore in the rural regions across 116 districts in 6 states.
  • The villages across 116 districts in 6 states will join the campaign through common service centres and krishi vigyan kendras.

2) Consider the following statements with respect to Types Of ATMs

  1. Brown Label ATMs are those ATMs which set up, owned and operated by non-bank entities. 
  2. White Label ATM are those ATMs, where banks outsourced the ATM operations to a third party.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.  1 only

b.  2 only

c.  Both 1 and 2

d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : d

  • Recently, RBI relaxes norms for the deployment of ATMs by white-label players.
  • ATMs set up, owned, and operated by non-bank entities are called White-label ATMs.
  • Non-bank ATM operators are authorised under the Payment and Settlement Systems Act, 2007, by the RBI.
  • TATA launched the first white label ATM in India under the brand name of Indicash.
  • When banks outsourced the ATM operations to a third party, it is called Brown Label ATM .
  • In Brown label ATM, the hardware and the lease of the ATM machine is owned by a service provider, but cash management and connectivity to banking networks is provided by a sponsor bank whose brand is used on the ATM.
  • Green Label ATM are provided for Agricultural Transaction.
  • Orange Label ATMs are provided for Share Transactions.
  • Yellow Label ATM are for E-commerce.

3) Consider the following statements with respect to World Competitiveness Index

  1. It is compiled by World Economic Forum.
  2. Among the BRICS Nation, India has ranked second after China.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.  1 only

b.  2 only

c.  Both 1 and 2

d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : b

  • India ranked 43rd on recently released IMD’s World Competitiveness Index.
  • World Competitiveness Index compiled by Institute for Management Development (IMD).
  • It measures global economies and their ability to generate prosperity.
  • Singapore has retained its number one position for the second year in a row.
  • The US has moved down to 10th place (from 3rd last year), while China has also slipped from 14th to 20th place.
  • Among the BRICS nations, India is ranked second after China, followed by Russia (50th), Brazil (56th), and South Africa (59th).

4) Vadhavan Port recently seen in news is proposed in?

a.  Gujarat

b.  Maharashtra

c.  Andhra Pradesh

d.  West Bengal

Answer : b

  • Recently, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has said that there is no bar on building a port in the ecologically fragile zone.
  • The Ministry said that the ports as an industry are allowed in the ecologically sensitive Dahanu taluka area, which includes Vadhavan in Maharashtra’s Palghar district, where the Centre plans to build an ambitious new major Vadhavanport estimated to cost Rs 65,544.54 crore.
  • Vadhavan will be set up as a corporate port under the Companies Act.
  • It would be developed as a landlord port, with the port company building the basic port infrastructure, while berths, terminals and associated facilities will be constructed by private firms in the public-private-partnership (PPP) mode.

5) Consider the following statements with respect to  SARS-CoV-2 Virus

  1. The SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes Covid-19, does not have a DNA molecule.
  2. The RT-PCR test process converts the RNA into the DNA molecule before the gene can be captured in the test.
  3. TrueNat is a chip-based, battery-operated RT-PCR test kit.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

a.  1 and 2 only

b.  1 and 3 only

c.  2 and 3 only

d.  1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

  • Recently, the ICMR approved the use of TrueNat machinesfor carrying out confirmatory tests for Covid-19 disease
  • Before that, these machines, which were originally developed for detecting tuberculosis in patients.
  • They were also used in the current coronavirus pandemic only for screening patients.
  • The SARS-CoV-2 virus, which causes Covid-19, does not have a DNA, but an RNA molecule.
  • The reverse transcription process (the RT in RT-PCR) converts the RNA into the DNA molecule before the gene can be captured in the test.
  • TrueNat is a chip-based, battery-operated RT-PCR kit.
  • The big difference is that the machine is portable, and tests with it cost much less than the traditional RT-PCR tests.
  • That make it extremely useful for deploying in interior districts and faraway places from where collecting and sending swabs for testing in big cities is a difficult task.
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