Daily Current Affairs Note and Quiz 13.10.2018

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Death of social worker Sister Nivedita on 13th Oct 1911

Sister Nivedita, disciple of Swami Vivekananda passed away in Darjeeling aged 43.

Biography

  • Born Margaret Elizabeth Noble in Ireland, Sister Nivedita became an ardent disciple of Swami Vivekananda after meeting him in 1895 in London.
  • Daughter of a pastor, she learnt the values of service to mankind during her formative years.
  • She became a teacher at the age of 17 and was engaged to be married. But, her fiancé died before the marriage and she moved on.
  • She studied varied subjects like physics, music, literature and arts and also read various religious books. She had also gained a reputation as a prolific writer in London. She developed her own unique methodology of teaching.
  • In 1895, Margaret met Swami Vivekananda in London. She came under his spell and came to Calcutta in 1898. She was drawn towards Vedanta philosophy and Vivekananda’s teachings.

Her life changed forever when she took monastic orders on 25 March 1898. Swami Vivekananda initiated her into the vow of Brahmacharya and renamed her ‘Nivedita’ meaning ‘the dedicated one’. Thus, she became the first western woman to take up formal monastic orders in India.

She also met Sarada Devi, wife of Ramakrishna and became devoted to her.

Sister Nivedita travelled widely in India and learnt much about Indian history and philosophy. She also learnt Bengali.

Vivekananda gave her the responsibility of women’s education in India. Nivedita dedicated herself to the cause and even travelled to the USA to popularize her cause.

She wrote several books and articles. Some of them are ‘Kali the Mother’, ‘Cradle Tales of Hinduism’, ‘The Master as I Saw Him’, ‘Religion and Dharma’, ‘Civic & National Ideals’, etc.

She also took an active interest in the Indian national movement and supported the cause. She was also close to Aurobindo Ghosh.

  • During the 1899 plague epidemic in Calcutta, she plunged herself into service and also encouraged people to voluntarily serve those in need.
  • Nivedita established a girls’ school in Calcutta. She taught girls, adult women and widows in her school.
  • A relatively less known fact about her is her support to the Indian scientist Dr. J C Bose in his work. She helped him financially and also in getting recognition since he faced discrimination from the establishment.
  • She had immense respect for India and this is reflected in the following excerpt from an editorial written by her.

India elected to UNHRC securing maximum votes

India has been elected to the United Nations’ Human Rights Council with highest vote among all candidates. It secured 188 votes last night in the Asia-Pacific category for a period of three years beginning January 1, 2019.

India’s win with the highest number of votes reflects the country’s standing in the international comity.

The 18 new members were elected by absolute majority through a secret ballot. India got the highest number of votes among all 18 countries in the five regional categories.

In the Asia Pacific category, India got 188 votes followed by Fiji with 187 and Bangladesh 178 votes. India had previously been elected to the Geneva-based Human Rights Council for the 2011-2014 and 2014-2017.

Created by the Assembly in March 2006 as the principal United Nations body dealing with human rights, the Human Rights Council comprises 47 elected Member States.

Govt assures, country not to face any internet shutdown in view of reports of global outage

A top government cyber security official has said that India will not face any internet shutdown, quashing fears of an internet blackout in the country amid reports of a global outage.

National Cyber Security Coordinator, Gulshan Rai said, all arrangements are in place and there will be no internet shutdown in India as is being circulated in the media.

‘Russia Today’ had earlier reported that internet users across the globe may experience widespread network failures due to routine maintenance of key domain servers over the next 48 hours.

India-Azerbaijan sign protocol Image result for Azerbaijan

The 5th meeting of India-Azerbaijan Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade and Economic, Science and Technology Cooperation (IA-IGC) was held in New Delhi.

The two sides exchanged views on current economic situation and reviewed the current status of bilateral trade, investment and their cooperation in the fields of trade, economy, science and technology.

Aim:

Emphasize to further strengthen and expand their cooperation in trade and investment, transportation, energy and hydro-carbons, SMEs, agriculture, food safety and environmental protection, tourism, culture, health and pharmaceuticals, space technology, education and scientific research, chemicals and petrochemicals and mining. To send trade delegations to raise awareness regarding economic developments and reforms in the two countries and have regular exchange of information about trade exhibitions, fairs, conferences and other business events.

Major mission to sequence genes of Indians planned

India is planning a major mission to sequence the genes of a “large” group of Indians — akin to projects in the United Kingdom, China, Japan and Australia — and use this to improve health as well as buck a global trend of designing ‘personalized medicine.’

This was among the key decisions taken at the 1st Prime Minister’s Science, Technology and Innovation Advisory Council (STIAC)

The Council acts as a coordinator between several ministries to work on projects and missions and is scheduled to meet once a month, he added.

Key programs, such as a Deep Ocean Mission, to facilitate ocean science and technologies to help with India’s strategic interests and an Artificial Intelligence and Quantum Computing missions were also discussed.

Youth Olympic Games: Manu Bhaker becomes second Indian to win two medals

Young shooting sensation Manu Bhaker became the second Indian after Judoka Tababi Devi to win two medals at the Youth Olympic Games in Buenos Aires.

Manu won the first medal in the form of Gold in the 10-metre air pistol event on Tuesday.

Manu combined with Tajikistan’s Behzan Fayzullaev in the 10-metre pistol mixed international settled for silver after losing the gold medal match 3-10 to Germany and Bulgarian pair of Vanessa Seeger and Kiril Kirov.

India thus wrapped up their shooting campaign with two gold and three silver medals.

Manu Bhaker won the first gold medal in 10m air pistol event.

Lakshya Sen settled for a silver medal after he lost the men’s singles summit clash against China’s Li Shifeng in straight games 15-21, 19-21.

India has bagged three Gold and five silver so far in the ongoing Youth Olympics.

Daily Quiz

Who has been chosen as India’s first ‘Miss Trans Queen’?

[A] Veena Sendre

[B] Sanya Sood

[C] Nitasha Biswas

[D] Namita Ammu

Answer –A

Which of the following musicians has recently won the special lifetime achievement award from the Music Academy?

[A] Lalgudi G Jayaraman

[B] Vikku Vin

[C] Hariprasad Chaurasia

[D] Kamala Lakshminarayanan

Answer: B

Which Indian javelin thrower has won silver in the men’s F46 category of the 2018 Asian Para Games? [A] Devendra Jhajharia

[B] Rinku

[C] Sundar Singh

[D] Sandeep Chaudhary

Answer: C

Which IIT has collaborated with Tamil Nadu e-Governance Agency (TNeGA) to enhance data-driven governance?

[A] IIT-Bombay

[B] IIT-Madras

[C] IIT-Indore

[D] IIT-Kanpur

Answer: B

Which of the following African countries will host the 2022 Youth Olympic Games?

[A] Senegal

[B] Nigeria

[C] Morocco

[D] Kenya

Answer -A

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