Daily Current Affairs Prelims Quiz – 11-04-2020

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Daily Current Affairs Prelims Quiz – 11-04-2020

1) Consider the following statements with respect to “Bharat Padhe Online Campaign”

  1. It is an online campaign that aims to crowd source ideas for improving Online Education Ecosystem in India.
  2. It was launched by the Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD).

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  1 only
  • b.  2 only
  • c.  Both 1 and 2
  • d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

  • Ministry of Human Resources and Development (MHRD) has recently launched a week lonsg ‘Bharat Padhe Online’ campaign for Crowd sourcing of Ideas for Improving Online Education ecosystem of India in New Delhi.
  • This campaign aims to invite all the best brains in India to share suggestions/solutions directly with HRD Ministry to overcome constraints of online education while promoting the available digital education platforms.

2) Consider the following statements with respect to Swachhata-MoHUA App

  1. It is a grievance redressal tool for citizens under the ambit of the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban).
  2. The app enables a citizen to post a complaint which is then forwarded to the city corporation concerned and thereafter assigned to the sanitary inspector of the particular ward.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  1 only
  • b.  2 only
  • c.  Both 1 and 2
  • d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : c

  • The Swachhata-MoHUA is the official app of Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), Government of India (GoI).
  • The app enables a citizen to post a civic-related issue (eg; a garbage dump) which is then forwarded to the city corporation concerned and thereafter assigned to the sanitary inspector of the particular ward.
  • The app has been built by IChangeMyCity – a division of Janaagraha, a Bengaluru based non-profit working to improve the quality of life in India’s cities and towns.

3) Consider the following statements with respect to iGOT portal

  1. It is an integrated online training module that aims to enhance capacity building of front line workers to handle the pandemic COVID-19 efficiently.
  2. The platform will be hosted on the Human Resources Development Ministry’s DIKSHA platform.
  3. It was launched by the Department of Personnel and Training (DoPT).

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  3 only
  • b.  1 and 2 only
  • c.  1 and 3 only
  • d.  1, 2 and 3

Answer : d

  • To take care of the training needs of the frontline workers, the Government of India has launched a training module for management of COVID-19 named Integrated Govt. Online training’ (iGOT) portal on Ministry of HRD’s DIKSHA platform.
  • The Department of Personnel and Training has launched this learning platform.
  • It was launched to enhance capacity building of frontline workers to handle the pandemic efficiently.
  • Courses on iGOT have been launched for Doctors, Nurses, Paramedics, Hygiene Workers, Technicians, Auxiliary Nursing Midwives (ANMs), State Government Officers, Civil Defence Officers, Various Police Organisations, National Cadet Corps(NCC), NehruYuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS), National Service Scheme, Indian Red Cross Society, Bharat Scouts and Guides and other volunteers at the stage.

4) Consider the following statements:

  1. He is considered as the father of Indian Chemistry.
  2. He authored the book: The History of Hindu Chemistry – From the Earliest Times to the Middle of the Sixteenth Century AD.
  3. The British Government honoured him with the Knighthood in 1919.

Identify the character who correctly matches with the above description:

  • a.  Sir C. V. Raman
  • b.  Satyendranath Bose
  • c.  Venkatraman Ramakrishnan
  • d.  Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray

Answer : d

  • Hydroxychloroquine or HCQ, the anti-malarial drug touted by some as a potential weapon against Covid-19, has put the spotlight on a company founded by Prafulla Chandra Ray
  • The Kolkata-based Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals Limited, the only public sector unit that manufactures anti-malarial drug in India, said it will apply for a licence to produce HCQ soon.
  • Bengal Chemicals had started HCQ’s production but was stopped decades ago.

Prafulla Chandra Ray

  • Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray is known as “Father of Indian Chemistry”.
  • Prafulla Chandra Ray (1861-1944) was a well-known Indian scientist and teacher and one of the first “modern” Indian chemical researchers.
  • He discovered the stable compound mercurous nitrite in 1896.
  • The British Government first honoured him with the imperial title of CIE (Companion of the Indian Empire) and then with the Knighthood in 1919.
  • In 1920, he was elected General President of the Indian Science Congress.
  • As a nationalist he also wanted that the Bengalis should come up in the world of enterprise.
  • He himself set an example by establishing a chemical firm called the Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works (1901).
  • He was completely against the caste system and other irrational social systems and carried on work of social reformation till his death.
  • Prafulla Chandra Ray authored, among other books, the ‘History of Hindu Chemistry – From the Earliest Times to the Middle of the Sixteenth Century AD’, a book that documented India’s indigenous chemical practices starting from the Vedic era.

5) Consider the following statements with respect to Global Initiative on Sharing All Influenza Data (GISAID)

  1. It is a public platform started by the United Nation General Assembly (UNGA) in 2008.
  2. It only includes data associated with Human viruses and does not include avian and other animal viruses.

Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?

  • a.  1 only
  • b.  2 only
  • c.  Both 1 and 2
  • d.  Neither 1 nor 2

Answer : d

  • GISAID is a public platform started by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 2008 for countries to share genome sequences.
  • The GISAID Initiative promotes the international sharing of all influenza virus sequences, related clinical and epidemiological data associated with human viruses, and geographical as well as species-specific data associated with avian and other animal viruses.
  • This helps researchers understand how the viruses evolve, spread and potentially become pandemics.
  • It actively promotes the development of novel research tools for the analysis of influenza data by helping developers to facilitate the integration or connection of their tools to analyze GISAID data.

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