Damodar River

  • Damodar River is a river flowing across the Indian states of Jharkhand and West Bengal.
  • Rich in mineral resources, the valley is home to large-scale mining and industrial activity.
  • Earlier known as the Sorrow of Bengal  because of its ravaging floods in the plains of West Bengal, the Damodar and its tributaries have been somewhat tamed with the construction of several dams.
  • It has a number of tributaries and subtributaries, such as Barakar, Konar, Bokaro, Haharo, Jamunia, Ghari, Guaia, Khadia and Bhera.
  • The Damodar and the Barakar trifurcates the Chota Nagpur plateau.
  • The rivers pass through hilly areas with great force, sweeping away whatever lies in their path.
  • The Damodar valley is rich in coal, It is considered as the prime center of coking coal in the country.
  • The important coalfields in the basin are Jharia, Raniganj, West Bokaro, East Bokaro, Ramgarh, South Karanpura and North Karanpura.
  • The Damodar Valley is one of the most industrialised parts of India.
  • Three integrated steel plants (Bokaro, Burnpur and Durgapur) of Steel Authority of India Limited (SAIL) and other factories are in the valley.
Damodar River

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