Eulophia obtusa – Dudhwa Tiger Reserve

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Eulophia obtusa – Dudhwa Tiger Reserve

  • After 100 years a rare orchid species Eulophia obtusa also known as ground orchid has been rediscovered from Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.
  • In India the species is listed as “critically endangered” in the IUCN Red List of endangered species.
  • The species was originally described from Uttarakhand in the 19th century, it was last recorded in Pilibhit in 1902.
  • Later in 2008, the plant species was sighted in Bangladesh for the first time.
  • It was under serious threat due to habitat loss and reduction in the number of mature individuals in Bangladesh.

Dudhwa Tiger Reserve

  • It is a protected area in Uttar Pradesh.
  • It shares the north-eastern boundary with Nepal, which is defined to a large extent by the Mohana River.
  • The area is a vast alluvial floodplain traversed by numerous rivers and streams flowing in south-easterly direction.
  • In 1987, the Dudhwa National Park was brought under the purview of the ‘Project Tiger’ as Dudhwa Tiger Reserve.

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