(Notes) Geography of Rajasthan: An Overview

Geography of Rajasthan is an important subject both in RAS/RTS Preliminary and Mains Exam.

  1. Physiography of Rajasthan and Related MCQ
  2. Physical divisions of Rajasthan
  3. Peaks of Rajasthan
  4. Geology of Rajasthan
  5. Seismic Zones & Earthquake Hazard in Rajasthan
  6. Western Sandy Plains
  7. South-Eastern Rajasthan Pathar (Hadoti Plateau)
  8. Aravalli Range and Hilly Region
  9. Eastern Plains of Rajasthan
  10. Climate of Rajasthan and Related MCQ
    1. Climatic Regions of Rajasthan
    2. Temperature Variation in Rajasthan
    3. Solar Radiation and Sunshine availability in Rajasthan
    4. Wind Regime and associated phenomenon
    5. Weather Seasons of Rajasthan
    6. Soils of Rajasthan
    7. Rainfall in Rajasthan
    8. Humidity in Rajasthan
    9. Land use pattern of Rajasthan
    10. Desertification, Erosion and Conservation of soils in Rajasthan
    11. Agro-climatic Zones of Rajasthan
    12. Minerals Resources of Rajasthan and topic Related MCQ
  11. Mines & Minerals of Rajasthan
  12. Hydrocarbon – Rajasthan Basin
  13. Drainage System of Rajasthan and Related important MCQ
  • Rivers of Rajasthan
  • Lakes in Rajasthan
  1. Demography of Rajasthan and Related MCQ
  • Tribes of Rajasthan
  1. Wildlife/National parks/Biosphere of Rajasthan and Related MCQ
  2. Water Resource of Rajasthan and Related MCQ
  3. Irrigation and Topic Related MCQ
  4. Irrigation in Rajasthan
  5. Major Dam Irrigation Projects in Rajasthan
  6. List of Small and Medium Scale Irrigation Projects
  7. Eastern Rajasthan Canal Project (ERCP)
  8. The Major Canal Irrigation Projects in Rajasthan
  9. Indira Gandhi Canal
  10. Animal Resources of Rajasthan and Related MCQ
  11. Natural Vegetation of Rajasthan and Practice MCQ
  12. Power Resources of Rajasthan and its MCQ
  13. Agriculture and its practices in Rajasthan
  14. Practice MCQ/Previous year solved Geography Questions


                                               Rajasthan: Overview

Location and Expansion

  • Rajasthan state is located in the North-Western part of India.
  • It is located in between 23.3’ to 30.12’ Northern Latitude to 69.29’ to 78.17’ Eastern Longitude.
  • Tropic of cancer passes from Banswara-Dungarpur district.
  • The western border of the state is an International border (India-Pakistan) which is 1070 Km long.
  • It shares the border with Punjab and Haryana from North and North-east side, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh from Eastern side and Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh from South and South-western border.
  • Area of Rajasthan is 3, 42,239 km2 which is the 10.41 % of the total area of the country. Thus, it is the biggest in terms of area.
  • Length of the state from North to South is 826 km whereas its breadth from East to West is 869 km.

Administrative Units

  • After Independence, Unification of Rajasthan completed in 1956.
  • Administratively, the State has been divided into 7 divisions and 33 Districts, comprising 295 Panchayat Samities, 9,891 Village Panchayats, and 43,264 inhabited villages.
  • Following are the seven divisions and district included in it.
  • Jaipur Division: – Jaipur, Dausa, Sikar, Alwar and Jhunjhunu
  • Jodhpur Division: – Jodhpur, Jalore, Pali, Barmer, Sirohi and Jaisalmer
  • Bharatpur Division: – Bharatpur, Dholpur, Karauli and Sawai Madhopur
  • Ajmer Division: – Ajmer, Bhilwara, Tonk and Nagaur
  • Kota Division: – Kota, Bundi, Baran and Jhalawar
  • Bikaner Division: – Bikaner, Ganganagar, Hanumangarh and Churu
  • Udaipur Division: – Udaipur, Rajsamand, Dungarpur, Banswara, Chittorgarh and Pratapgarh

Relief of Rajasthan

Rajasthan is the biggest state of India, thus it has diversity in its physical divisions.

Following are the nature of the reliefs of Rajasthan.

High Peaks

  • Under this, those mountain peaks are included which are more than 900 meters in height.

Mountain Range

  1. Under this, the region having the height of 600 to 900 meter is included.
  2. Most of the Aravalli range falls under this.
  3. It is 6% of total area of Rajasthan

    Highlands and Plateaus

  • This region has a height of 300 to 600 meter above from sea level.


  1. It is more than 51% of total land in the state.
  2. It has a height of 150 to 300 meters above the sea level.
  • It is further divided into two parts: Desert region of Western Rajasthan and Eastern Plain.
  1. Eastern plains are the suitable lands for agriculture

Physical Division of Rajasthan

  • Rajasthan is divided into 4 physical divisions which have further sub-division.

Plains of Western Desert

  1. It is a special geographical region which is also called ‘The Great Indian Desert’ or ‘Thar Desert’.
  2. It covers the districts like Barmer, Jaisalmer, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Pali, Jalore, Nagaur, Sikar, Churu, Jhunjhunu, Hanumangarh and Ganganagar.
  3. It is further divided into 4 subcategories.

Sandy Arid Region

  1. This is a dry region having annual rainfall less than 25 centimeters.
  2. Barmer, Bikaner and western part of Jodhpur and Churu are included in this region.
  3. Sand Dunes are mostly found in this region.

Luni-Jawai Basin

  1. It is a semi arid plain.
  2. Luni and its tributaries rivers flow in this region.
  3. Pali, Jalore, Jodhpur and Nagaur are included in this region.
  4. It is a river-based plain; hence it is called Luni Basin.

Shekhawati Region

  • It is also called ‘Banger Region’.
  • Jhunjhunu, Sikar and Churu and Northern part of Nagaur are included in it.
  • This is a sandy region having sand dunes of less height.
  • Here the sand dunes are of the transverse type.

Plain of Ghaghar

  • Plains of Ganganagar and Hanumangarh are formed by the flow of Ghaghar River.
  • Presently, this river is considered dead because it doesn’t have a flowing way.
  • Ghaghar River is the ancient river Saraswati which is disappeared.
  • Thus it became a plain suitable for agriculture.

Aravalli Range

  • It is the oldest mountain range in the world.
  • It has a length of 692 km from Delhi to Palanpur in Gujarat.
  • It is expanded in seven districts of Rajasthan: – Sirohi, Udaipur, Rajsamand, Ajmer, Jaipur, Dausa and Alwar.

                             It is divided into three subcategories

Southern Aravalli Range

  1. Sirohi, Udaipur and Rajsamand districts are included in it.
  2. There are many high peaks located in this region which include Gurushikhar (1722 mt), the highest peak of Rajasthan, located in Sirohi district of Abu region.
  3. Other famous peaks of this regions are Ser (1597 mt), Delwara (1442 mt), Achalgarh (1380 mt), Abu (1295 mt) and Rishikesh (1017 mt).
  4. The highest peak of Udaipur-Rajsamand region is Jarga (1431 mt). Other famous peaks of this region are Kumbhalgarh (1224 mt), Lilagarh (874 mt), Hills of Kamalnath (1001 mt) and Sajjangarh (938 mt).
  5. Plateau of Bhorat is located between Kumbhalgarh and Gogunda located northwest of Udaipur.

Central Aravalli Range

  1. It is mainly expanded in the Ajmer district.
  2. In the southwest of Ajmer, Taragarh (870 mt) and in west Naag Pahadi (795mt), is located.
  3. There are four Passes of Aravalli Range in the Beawar Tehsil. They are Bar, Parveriya and Shivpur Ghat, Sura Ghat and Debari pass.

Northern Aravalli Range

  • It is expanded in Jaipur, Dausa and Alwar district.
  • The common height of the hills in this region is 450 to 750 meters.
  • Some famous peaks of this range are Raghunathgarh (1055 mt) of Sikar district, Bairath (792 mt) of Alwar district and Khoh (920 mt) of Jaipur.

Eastern Plain

  1. This region is in the east side of Aravalli region which includes districts like Bharatpur, Alwar, Dholpur, Karauli, Sawai Madhopur, Jaipur, Dausa, Tonk and Bhilwara.
  2. This region is the River Basin region which is formed by the collection of soil by rivers.
  3. This region has three sub-regions.

Banas-Banganga Basin

  1. This plain is formed by Banas River and its tributaries like Banganga, Bedach, Kothari, Den, Sohadra, Manasi, Dhundha, Bandi, Morel, Vaagan, Gambhir, etc.
  2. This plain has the height between 150 to 300 metres above the sea level and its slope is towards east.

Chambal Basin

  • This region includes districts like Kota, Sawai Madhopur, Karauli and Dholpur.
  • Ravines (Bihad) of Chambal are located in Sawai Madhopur, Karauli and Dhaulpur.

Central Mahi Basin or Chappan Plain

  1. It is expanded in the district of Dungarpur, Banswara and Pratapgarh.
  2. Mahi River began its journey from Madhya Pradesh and flowing through Rajasthan and Gujrat falls in the Arabian Sea.
  3. In Rajasthan, it flows through ‘Bagad’ (Local name for Laciniated land) region.
  4. In between Pratapgarh and Banswara, a group of 56 villages is located, thus it is also called Chappan Plain.

South-Eastern Plateau Region or Hadoti Region

  • It is expanded in the districts like Kota, Bundi, Jhalawar and Baran.
  • This region has many mountains ranges having the average height of 500 meters.
  • Mukundra Hills and Bundi Hills are famous spots.
  • Chambal and its tributaries like Kalisindh, Para van and Parvati flow in this region which is boon for agriculture in this region.

River System and Lakes of Rajasthan

  1. Chambal and Mahi are the perennial rivers of Rajasthan.
  2. River drainage system of Rajasthan is decided by Aravalli Range which works as the divides the rivers of Rajasthan in two parts.

Rivers are divided into 3 groups

  1. Rivers that drain in the Bay of Bengal

Chambal River

  • In the ancient time, it was called “Charmanyavati”.
  • It originates from Janapao Hills near Maanpur in Mahu, Madhya Pradesh.
  • It enters in Rajasthan near Chaurasigarh and makes the border of Kota and Bundi.
  • It passes through Sawai Madhopur, Karauli and Dhaulpur and finally meets in Yamuna River.
  • Gandhi sagar, Jawahar sagar, Rana Pratap Sagar Dam and Kota Barrage Dam are built on this river.
  • Banas, Kalisindh and Parvati are its tributaries.

Banas River

  • It originates from Khamnor Hill near Kumbhalgarh.
  • It travels through Gogunda Plateau, Nathdwara, Rajsamand, Rel Magara, Chittorgarh, Bhilwara, Tonk and in Sawai Madhopur, it join the Stream of Chambal River.
  • It is also called ‘Hope of Forest (Van Ki Asha)’.
  • Bedach, Kothari, Khari, Mainal, Bandi, Dhundh and Morel are the tributaries of Banas River.

Kali Sindh River

  • It originates in dewas in Madhya Pradesh.
  • It passes through Jhalawar and Baran districts and meets Chambal River in Narena.
  • Paravan, Ujaad, Niwai and Aahu are its tributary rivers.

Parvati River

  • It originates in Sihor region of Madhya Pradesh and flows in Baran and meets Chambal River near Paliya, Sawai Madhopur.

Vapani (Bahyani) River

  • Originates near Haripura village of Chittorgarh district and meets Chambal near Bhaisroadgarh.

Mez River

  • Originates from Bhilwara and meets Chambal near Lakheri in Bundi.

Banganga River

  1. Rivers that drain into the Arabian Sea

Luni River

  • It originates from Naag Hills of Ajmer, after that it moves towards Jodhpur, Pali, Barmer, and Jalore and enters in Gujarat in Kutchh.
  • It travels almost 320 km.
  • Its water is sweet up to Balotara and then it becomes salty.
  • Jawai, Liladi, Mithadi, Sukhadi, Badi and Saagi are its tributaries.

Mahi River

  • It began its journey from Mahu Hills of Madhya Pradesh and enters Rajasthan in Banswara district.
  • It forms the border between Banswara and Dungarpur and enters Gujarat and ends its journey in Gulf of Khambhat (Cambay).
  • Mahi Bajaj Sagar Dam is constructed on this river near Banswara.
  • Its main tributaries are Soma, Jakham, Anas, Chap and Moren.

Sabarmati River

  • It originates near Udaipur and flows in Sirohi and then enters in Gujarat and ends its journey in Gulf of Cambay.
  • At the initial stage, it is called Vakal River.
  1. Inland Rivers

Katali River

  • It originates from Khandela Hills of Sikar district.
  • It travels 100 km and flowing from Sikar and Jhunjhunu, disappeared in the desert land.

Sabi River

  • It originates from Sevar Hills and flows in banasur, Bahrod, Kishangarh, Mandawar and Tijara and disappeared in Haryana.

Kakani or Kakneya River

  • Originates from Kotari village and disappear after travelling some distance.

Ghaghar River

  • It is considered the oldest river of India, i. e. Saraswati.
  • It flows from Haryana to Hanumangarh, Ganganagar Suratgarh, and Anupgarh and enters in Pakistan.
  • It is also called Dead River.

Lakes of Rajasthan

In Rajasthan, Lakes are divided into two categories

  • Saltwater Lake and
  • Fresh (Sweet) Water Lake
  1. Salt Water Lakes

Sambhar Lake

  • It is India’s largest inland Salt Water Lake.
  • It has been designated as a Ramsar site because this wetland is a favourite spot for migratory birds like Pink Flamingo.
  • The total area of the lake is 150 km2.
  • The lake receives water from five rivers Merta, Samand, Mantha, Roopangarh and khandel.

Didwana Lake

  • It is located in Nagaur district.

Pachpadra Lake

  • It is located in Barmer district.

Lunkaransar Lake

  • It is located in Lunkaransar, 80 km away from Bikaner.
  • Some other famous Salt Water Lakes are Phalodi, Kuchaman, Kovaad, Kachhor, Rewasa, etc.
  1. Fresh (Sweet) Water Lake
  • Due to the scarcity of water in Rajasthan, this freshwater lakes act as boons for people of Rajasthan.

     Important Fresh Water Lakes of Rajasthan

Jaisamand Lake

  • It was constructed by Maharana Jaising by building the dam on Gomati River from 1685 to 1691.
  • It is located 51 km southeast of Udaipur.
  • It is also called Dhebar Lake.
  • It is the biggest natural lake of Rajasthan.

Rajsamand Lake

It was constructed by Maharana Rajsingh in 1662.

On the bank of this, lakes many inscriptions are there which tells about the history of Mewar.

Pichhola Lake

  • It has two islands.
  • One has Jag Mandir (Temple) and second has Jag Nivas named palaces.

Fateh Sagar Lake

  • It was constructed by Maharana Fateh Singh near Udaipur city.

Anasagar Lake

  • It was constructed by Anaji in Ajmer.
  • On its bank, there’s a garden called “Daulat Baug”.

Pushkar Lake

  • It is located in Ajmer district surrounded by mountains.
  • It’s a religious spot.

Siliserh Lake

  • It is located in Alwar district in between Aravalli Range.

Some other famous lakes are Navlakkha Lake (Bundi), Kolayat Lake (Bikaner), Shaiva Sagar (Dungarpur), Galati and Ramgarh (Jaipur), Balsamand Lake (Jodhpur), Kailana Lake (Jodhpur), etc.

States in which Thar Desert extends in India:

  • Rajasthan
  • Haryana
  • Punjab
  • Gujarat

States in which Thar Desert extends in Pakistan:

  • Sindh
  • Punjab

Thar Desert extends from Sutlej River, bounded by Aravalli Ranges on the Eastern part, on the Southern part by the Great Rann of Kutch and on the Western side by the Indus River.

Aravalli Range

Peak: Guru Shikhar

Elevation: 1,722 m

Length: 800 km (500 mi)

Countries: India and Pakistan

States in which Aravalli Range extends in India:

  • Rajasthan
  • Haryana
  • Delhi
  • Gujarat

Settlement: Mount Abu

The Aravalli Ranges are India’s oldest fold mountains. The north end of the Aravalli range continues as secluded hills and rocky ridges into Haryana and ending in Delhi.

Industries in Rajasthan

Special Industrial Complexes are being built up in Rajasthan to meet the necessities of industries, mainly at the following locations:

  1. Hosiery Chopanki in Bhiwadi
  2. Gems & Jewellery and Gem Park in Jaipur
  3. Ceramics Khara in Bikaner
  4. Software Technology EPIP in Jaipur
  5. Electronics and Telecomm in Jaipur
  6. Textiles in Sanganer, Bhilwara, Pali, Sitapura, Balotara and Jodhpur
  7. Agro Industries IGNP Area
  8. Leather Manpur/Macheri
  9. Wool Industries Beawar in Bikaner
  10. Handicrafts Shilpgram in Jodhpur and Jaisalmer
  11. Dimensional Stone in Udaipur, Kishangarh and Chittorgarh

Physical Divisions of Rajasthan

Rajasthan is the largest state in the Union of India and has more physical variations than any other state. It has regions of rolling sand dunes in the west to lofty rocks in the middle to fertile plains in the east.  On the basis of the existing relief features, there are following physical divisions of Rajasthan:

  • Aravalli Range and Hilly Region
  • Western Sandy Plains
  • Eastern Plains
  • South-eastern Rajasthan Pathar (Hadoti Plateau)
  • Aravalli Range and Hilly Region

Aravalli Range on basis of its general characteristics, form elements, relief, slopes and drainage pattern can be divided into following physiographic sub-units:

  1. The North- Eastern Hill Tracts or Alwar Hills
  2. The Central Aravalli Range
  • The Sambhar Basin or Shekhawati Low hills
  • The Merwara hills
  1. the Mewar Rocky region and Bhorat Plateau
  2. Abu Block region

Western Sandy Plains

The western sandy plains are divided into two major regions and 6 sub-regions as following

  1. Sandy Arid Plain
  • Marusthali
  • Dune free Tract
  1. Semi-Arid Basin or Rajasthan Bangar
  • Luni Basin
  • Shekhawati Region
  • Nagaur Upland
  • Ghaggar Plain

The Eastern Plains

The eastern plains can be divided into 4 sub-regions:

  1. Chambal basin
  2. Banas Basin
  3. Mahi or Chappan Basin

Southeastern Rajasthan Pathar (Hadoti Plateau)

It has following sub regions:

  1. Deccan highlands
  2. Vindhyan region

Peaks of Rajasthan   

Rajasthan is bisected by Aravalli (Aravali) range into two major parts: Southeast Rajasthan and Northwest Rajasthan. The northwest consists of a series of sand dunes covers nearly two-thirds of the area. Aravali range is approximately 692 Kms long, running across Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi

The Aravalli’s in Rajasthan are divided into three main sections:

  1. North-Eastern Aravalli Range
  2. Central Aravalli Range
  3. Southern Aravalli Range

North-Eastern Aravalli Range

They are also called as Alwar hills.

  • Stretches from Delhi to isolated hills of Alwar & Jaipur.
  • Average elevation of 300-670 meters.
  • To North & East it merges with Ganga-Yamuna Plains.

Hill Ranges

  • Malkhet & Khetri Group of hills
  • Torawati Hills

 Peaks of North-Eastern Aravalli Region:

  1. Raghunathgarh (Sikar) – 1055 meters
  2. Khoh (Jaipur) – 920 meters
  3. Bhairach (Alwar) – 792 meters
  4. Barwara (Jaipur) – 786 meters
  5. Babai (Jhunjhunu) – 780 meters
  6. Bilali (Alwar) – 775 meters
  7. Manoharpur (Jaipur) – 747 meters
  8. Baraith (Jaipur) – 704 meters
  9. Sariska (Alwar) – 677 meters
  10. Siravas – 651 meters

Central Aravali Range:

Includes districts of Ajmer, south-western Tonk and Jaipur Surrounded on:-

  • North by – Alwar Hills
  • East by Karauli table-land
  • South by Banas plains
  • West by Sambhar basin

Hill ranges

  • Shekhawati lower hills
  • Marwar Hills

Peaks of Central Aravalli Region

  • Goramji (Ajmer) – 934 meters
  • Taragarh (Ajmer) – 870 meters
  • Naag Pahar (Ajmer) -795 meters

Southern Aravali Range-

-Includes district of Udaipur, South-eastern margin of Pali & Dungarpur districts.

 Hill ranges of Southern Aravali

  1. Mewar hills & Bhorat Plateau
  2. Girwa Hills
  3. Merwara Hills
  4. Abu block & Oria plateau

Peaks of Southern Aravali Range                                                                           

  • Guru Shikhar (Sirohi) – 1722 meters
  • Ser (Sirohi) – 1597 meters
  • Dilwara (Sirohi) – 1442 meters
  • Jarga (Sirohi) – 1431 meters
  • Achalgarh (Sirohi) – 1380 M
  • Kumbhalgarh (Rajsamand) – 1224 meters
  • Dhoniya – 1183 meters
  • Hrishikesh – 1017 meters
  • Kamalnath (Udaipur) – 1001 meters
  • Sajjangarh (Udaipur) – 938 meters
  • Lilagarh – 874 meters

Seismic Zones & Earthquake Hazard in Rajasthan

According to GSHAP data, the state of Rajasthan falls in a region of moderate to high seismic hazard. As per the 2002 Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) map, Rajasthan falls in Zones II, III & IV. Historically, parts of this state have experienced seismic activity in the M 5.0 range.

Largest Instrumented Earthquake in Rajasthan

  • 15 August 1906 – Thar Desert, Rajasthan, Mw 6.2
  • This event was located along the India-Pakistan border, in the vicinity of Janpalia, Rajasthan which is located north-northwest of Bakhasar.

Seismic Faults in Rajasthan

  • Several faults have been identified in Rajasthan, out of which many show evidence of movement during the Holocene epoch.
  • The Cambay Graben terminates in the south-western part of the state.
  • The Konoi Fault near Jaisalmer trends in a north-south direction and was associated with the 1991 Jaisalmer earthquake.
  • Several active faults criss-cross the Aravalli range and lie parallel to each other.
  • The most prominent of them is the north-south trending Sardar Shahar Fault and the Great Boundary Fault which runs along the Chambal River and then continues in the same direction into Uttar Pradesh.

 Climatic Regions of Rajasthan

The climate of Rajasthan state has varied contrasts. Different experts, each with their own focus parameters, have divided Rajasthan into different climatic regions. However, three main approaches to climatic regions of Rajasthan are:

  • Climatic Regions of Rajasthan based on Rainfall Intensity.
  • Koeppen’s Classification of climatic regions of Rajasthan.
  • Thornthwaite’s classification of climatic regions of Rajasthan.

Climatic Regions of Rajasthan based on Rainfall Intensity

The distribution of climatic regions of Rajasthan on the basis of rainfall and temperature variations includes following divisions:

Arid Region

  1. The Arid region includes Jaisalmer district, northern parts of Barmer, western of the Phalodi Tehsil of Jodhpur, western parts of Bikaner and southern parts of Ganganagar district.
  2. Climate of the region is very severe and arid.
  3. Rainfall less than 10 cm in extreme west parts of regions and rest areas record less than 20 cm rainfall.
  4. The average temperature during summer is recorded more than 34degree C and during winters it ranges in between 12 DegC to 16DegC.

Semi-arid Region-

  1. The average temperature during winter season ranges between 10 Deg C and 17 Deg C and the summer season temperature range 32 Deg C to 36 Deg C.
  2. As the region has erratic as well as torrential rainfall it brings floods too each time.
  • Rainfall ranges 20 to 40 cm.
  1. The winter season is very short and arid in the northern parts of this region.
  2. This region comprises the western parts of Ganganagar, Hanumangarh, Jodhpur and Barmer districts.

Sub-humid Region-

  1. In the semi arid humid region, rainfall is meager and the amount of rainfall is limited to a few monsoon months only.
  2. The rainfall is between 40 to 60 cm and the average temperature during summer season ranges from 28 Deg to 34 Deg C whereas it is recorded 12 Deg C in northern parts and 18 Deg C in the southern parts.
  3. Alwar, Jaipur, Dausa and Ajmer, eastern parts of Jhunjhunu, Sikar, Pali and Jalore districts, north-western parts of Tonk, Bhilwara and Sirohi districts are included in this category.
  4. This region has steppe type of vegetation.

Humid Region

  1. This region receives winter rainfall associated with cyclones along with monsoon season rainfall which varies from 60 to 80 cm.
  2. Deciduous trees dominate the region.
  3. Humid region is found at the districts of Bharatpur, Dholpur, Sawai Madhopur, Bundi, Kota, Barmer and Rajsamand and the north-eastern parts of Udaipur.

Very Humid Region

Very Humid Region includes south-east Kota, Baran, and Jhalawar, Banswara, south-west Udaipur and adjacent areas of Mt. Abu. Here, the summers are very hot and winters are cold and dry. Rainfall received is between 80 cm to 150 cm, which is mostly during the rainy season.

  • Monsoon savanna type of vegetation is present in the region.

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