Important Lakes in India: Useful for UPSC, State PSC, SSC and all competitive exams

Important Lakes in India: Lake is a surface water Body which is surrounded by Land. Lakes are found in various landscapes like Hilly areas, Plains, Plateaus, rift zones, etc. In this article, we will read the state wise list of Natural Lakes in India and these are Useful for UPSC, State PSC, SSC and all competitive exams. India is known for its diverse natural resources. There are many resources out of which water bodies have a significant hold on the scenic beauty of our country. Lakes are one of the major sources of natural beauty in India and there are many lakes in almost every state.

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Natural Lakes in India (State Wise)

A)  There are various types of lakes which can be classified based on different criteria- They are Fresh Water Lakes, Salt Water Lakes, Natural Lakes, Artificial LAKES, Oxbow Lake, Crater Lake etc.

Note –

  • Crater Lake   – Formed due to volcanic activity.
  • Oxbow Lake -Formed by River Deposits.

B)Lakes have various applications like drinking water, irrigation, navigation, water storage, livelihood (fishing. Etc), impact on microclimate, etc. 

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Important Facts

  • Largest freshwater lake in India – Wular Lake, Jammu and Kashmir
  • Largest Saline water lake in India – Chilka Lake, Orissa
  • Highest lake in India (Altitude) – Cholamu Lake, Sikkim
  • Longest Lake in India – Vembanad Lake, Kerala
  • Largest Artificial Lake in India – GovindVallabh Pant Sagar (Rihand Dam)

List of Important Lakes in India

Sr.NoNameStateDistrictType of Lakes
1.Pulicat LakeAndhra PradeshNelloreBrackish
2.Kolleru LakeAndhra PradeshWest GodavariFreshwater
3.Nagarjuna SagarTelanganaNalgondaFreshwater
4.Haflomg LakeAssamSilcharFreshwater
5.Deepor BeelAssamKamrupFreshwater
6.Son BeelAssamBegusariOxbow
7.Chandubi LakeAssamKamrupFreshwater
8.Kanwar LakeBiharBegusariOxbow
9.Hamirsar LakeGujaratKutchArtificial
10.Kankaria LakeGujaratAhmedabadArtificial
11.Narayan SarovarGujaratKutchArtificial Freshwater
12.Thol LakeGujaratMehsanaLentic
14.Badkal LakeHaryanaFaridabadFreshwater
15.Blue Bird LakeHaryanaHisarFreshwater
16.Brahma SarovarHaryanaThaneshwarFreshwater
17.Damdama LakeHaryanaSohnaFreshwater
20.Chandra TaalHimachal PradeshLahuland spitiSweetwater
21.Suraj TallHimachal PradeshLahul and spitiFreshwater
22.Maharana Pratap SugarHimachal PradeshKangraFreshwater
23.Prasar LakeHimachal PradeshMandiHolomitic
24.Dal LakeJ &KSrinagarWarm Monomitic
25.Pangong TsoJ& KLadakhEndorheic
26.Wular LakeJ& KBandiporaTectonic
27.TsoMoririJ& KLadakhSaltwater
28.Agata LakeKarnatakaBangaloreFreshwater
29.Bellandur LakeKarnatakaBanagaloreFreshwater
30.Karachi LakeKarnatakaMysore
31.Ulsoor LakeKarnatakaBangaloreStale Water
32.Kukarahali LakeKarnatakaMysoreFreshwater
34. HonnamanaKarnatakaKodaguFreshwater
35.Pampa SarovarKarnatakaHampiFreshwater
36.Ashtamudi KayalKeralaLollamBrackish
40.BhojtalMadhya PradeshBhopalFreshwater
41.Salim AliMaharashtraAuranagabadFreshwater
43.Lonar LakeMaharashtraBuldhanaCrater Lake
44.Loktak LakeManipurLenticular Freshwater
45.Tam DilMizoramSaitualFreshwater
46.Chilka LakeOrrisaPuriBrackish
47.Kanjia LakeOrrisaBhubaneswarFreshwater
51.Sambhar LakeRajasthanSambhar LakeSaltwater
53.Tsongpo LakeSikkimEast SikkimFreshwater
54.KhecheoplariSikkimWest  SikkimFreshwater
55.Ooty LakeTamilnaduNilgrisFreshwtaer
57.Kodaikanal LakeTamilnaduDindugaiArtificial
58.Hussain SagarTelenganaHyderabadArtificial
59.Badrakali LakeTelanganaWarangalFreshwater
60.Govind Ballabh Pant SagarUPSonbhadraMan made
63.East Calcutta WetlandsWest BengalCalcuttaBrackish

Important MCQs – Lakes in India

1. Which of the following is NOT true about Kolleru Lake?

(a) It a lake of fresh water.

(b) It is located in the Odisha

(c) It is associated with the Krishna and Godavari Rivers.

(d) Its surface area is 245 km square

Ans. (b)

2. Which of the following is NOT matched correctly?

(a) Pulicat lake: Andhra Pradesh

(b) Maharana Pratap Sagar Lake: Himachal Pradesh

(c) Badkhal Lake: Haryana

(d) Tso Moriri Lake: Nagaland

Ans. (d)

3. Which of the following statement is NOT rue about Wular Lake?

(a) It belongs to Indus River

(b) Its a Fresh-Water lake

(c) It is in Jammu & Kashmir

(d) Its surface area is spread in the range of 30 – 260 km square

Ans. (a)

4. Which of the following is CORRECT about Loktak Lake?

(a)  It is in Mizoram state.

(b)  It is a salt water lake.

(c)  It is the largest fresh water lake in north eastern states of India

(d)  Its surface area is 587 Km square

Ans. (c)

5.  Which of the following is not true about Pushkar Lake?

(a) It is in Rajasthan state.

(b) It is a natural lake.

(c) It belongs to Luni River

(d) Its surface area is 22 km square

Ans. (b)

6. Where is Dal Lake?

(a) Rajasthan

(b) Himachal Pradesh

(c) Jammu & Kashmir

(d) Odisha

Ans. (c)

7.  Which of the following is matched correctly?

(a) Chilka Lake: Andhra Pradesh

(b) Vembanad Lake: Tamil Nadu

(c) Parichu Lake: Tibet

(d) Lonar Lake: Madhya Pradesh

Ans. (c)

8. Which of the following is the largest lake of Tibbet?

(a) Kokonoor

(b) Parichu lake

(c) Kolleru Lake

(d) None of these

Ans. (a)

9. Which of the following is the largest fresh water lake of India?

(a) Pulicat lake

(b) Chilka lake

(c) Wular

(d) Vembanad

Ans. (c)

10. Which of the following statement is not true?

(a) Sambhar lake is used for salt production.

(b) Vembanad lake is a lagoon lake in Kerala

(c) Parichu lake was created due to tectonic activities

(d) Rajasthan has the largest numbers of lakes in India

Ans. (d)

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