The Khadi and Village Industries Commission is to set up the first of its kind training cum production centre of silk in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. The centre is to be launched in the first week of September, 2020.
The KVIC will provide machinery such as handlooms, warping drums and silk reeling machines. The centre is to provide training to 25 local artisans and will boost weaving activities in the region.
Silk in Arunachal Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh is the biggest state in the North East that has vast potential for Sericulture. The state produces all four varieties of silk namely Mulbery, Oak Tasar, Eri and Muga. Oak Tasar is practiced in higher altitudes. Eri and Muga are practiced foothills areas and Mulbery is reared in middle altitude.
Silk Production in India
India is the second largest producer of silk in the world. Of the four varieties of silks, Mulberry accounts to 74.51%, Eri accounts to 16.5%, Tasar to 8.5% and Muga accounts to 0.55%. India exports silk mainly to USA and European countries. The employment generation due to silk production in the country raised to 8.03 million persons in 2014-15.
Silk Samagra scheme is implemented by the Central Silk Board of India. Between 2017 and 2020, the GoI allocated Rs 2,161 crores for the scheme to develop sericulture in the country. The four main components of the scheme are as follows
- Seed organizations
- Coordination and Market Development
- Research Development, Transfer of Technology and Training and IT initiatives
- Quality Certification Systems, Technology Upgradation and Export Brand Promotion.
Central Silk Board
The board is a statutory body that was established in 1948. IT works under Ministry of Textiles. The headquarters of the board is located in Bangalore. The main functions of the board are as follows
- To promote and develop silk industry
- To assist and encourage scientific, economic and technological research
- To advise central government on matters relating to developing of silk industry
- To prepare reports relating to silk industry as required by the central government from time to time.