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Rajasthan Current Affairs Yearbook-2019

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Lok Devta & Devis of Rajasthan

Rajasthan has a strong tradition of venerating righteous warriors as deities. Legends and anecdotes relate folk deities with supernatural power impressing & evoking faith and beliefs of people in these local deities. This post is an attempt to consolidate information of such folk deities (Lok Devtas and Devis) into single piece.

Panchpir: Of the numerous lok devtas and devis, the five greatest are worshipped throughout theRajasthan, these are – Goga Ji, Ramdevji, Pabuji, Mehaji and Harbuji. (Note: Vir Tejaji is not part of this).

Goga Ji

Birth 1003 A.D. at Dadrewa in the Churu district of Rajasthan
Legend Protects from Snakes bites (Jaharpeer) Saint Gogaji fought with Mahmood Gajnavi for protection Of cows.
Died (Samadhi) Gogamedi in Hanumangarh District
Worship Main Temple: Gogamedi, built by King Ganga Singh. The villages in Rajasthan has a Than dedicated to him, Than is always under Khejri tree.
Fairs Organised every year at Gogamedi from 9th day of dark-half (Krishna Paksh) of Bhadra month to eleventh of the month.
Phad Musical Instruments – Damru & Madal Farmers tie 9 Knot – Goga Rakhadi – to their plough for good harvest.
 
Other Facts
Goga Ji identification – Blue Horse, Spear and Snake

Teja Ji

Birth 1074 A.D. at Khadnaal in the Nagaur district of Rajasthan.
Day was Magh Shukla Chaturdashi
Legend Also Known as Snake Diety. Tejaji sacrificed life while recovering cows of Lachha Gujri from cluthes of meenas. Kala & Bala – benefactor in agricultural activities.
Worship Tejaji’s major Than are located at Sursura, Beawar, Saindaria & Bhanwata in Ajmer district. Saindaria – Main place – as this is supposed to be place he was bitten by snake.
Fairs Parbatsar, Nagaur cattle fair is organized from Bhadra Shukla Dashmi to Poornima.
Other Facts Tejaji Ji identifications – Horse-back, with Sword and Snake

Pabu Ji

Birth 1239 A.D. at Kolu Village, Phalodi in the Jodhpur district of Rajasthan.
Legend Associated with Rathore family of Marwar. Snake Diety. Tejaji sacrificed life while recovering cows of Lachha Gujri from cluthes of meenas. Kala & Bala – benefactor in agricultural activities.
Worship Tejaji’s major than are located at Sursura, Beawar, Saindaria & Bhanwata in Ajmer district. Saindaria – Main place – as this is supposed to be place he was bitten by snake.
Fairs Parbatsar, Nagaur cattle fair is organized from Bhadra Shukla Dashmi to Poornima.
Other Facts Tejaji Ji identifications – Horse-back, with Sword and Snake

Ramdev Ji

Birth Undookasmer Village, Shiv Tehsil in the Barmer district of Rajasthan.
Legend After giving away Pokhran in dowry for his niece Ramdev Ji made Runicha (Ramdevra) his new residence.
Died (Samadhi) Runicha, Jaisalmer
Worship Temples located at Runicha (Jaisalmer), Barathia (Ajmer) and Suratkheda (Chittorgarh). Ramdevji started Kamadia Panth. As symbol, his pagaliya (Foot prints) are worshipped.
Fairs Runicha (Jaisalmer) – Bhadrapada Shukla Dwitya to Ekadashi.
Other Facts Terah Taali dance is presented by kamadias. Ramdev ji composed – Chaubis Vaniya.

Dev Narayan Ji

Birth 1233 A.D. at Kolu Village, Phalodi in the Jodhpur district of Rajasthan.
Legend The brave warrior and his Sadhak are considered incarnation of lord Vishnu.
Worship Devmali near Asind (Bhilwara), Devdham Jodhpuria (Tonk).
Leaves of Neem are essential for worship.
Fairs Fairs are held at Ajmer, Bhilwara and Tonk & Chittaurgarh on Bhadrapad Shukla Shasthi & Saptami.
Other Facts Leeelagar is name of his horse.

Veer Kalla Ji

Birth Vikram Samvat 1601, Merta in the Jodhpur district of Rajasthan.
Legend Kallaji is famous as “Lok Devta with four hands”
Worship Ranela is sacred peeth. Temples are located at Bhauraigarh, Mahiyadham varda, Salumbar, Samalia, Gatroad.

Baba Tallinath

Birth Shergarh, Jodhpur
Legend Also known as Nature loving Lok Devta, Held at high esteem in Jalore district. When a person is bitten by poisonous creature, taken to baba’s place & thread is tied.
Worship Panchmukhi hill of Panchota Village (Nagaur District)

Hadbu Ji Sankhla (Harbunji)

Birth Bhudole in the Nagaur district of Rajasthan. (Contemporary of Rao Jodha)
Legend One of Panch Peers (Goga ji, Ramdevi ji, Pabu ji, Hadbu Ji, Manglia Meha ji) of Marwar. Well versed in Shakun Shastra. He was the Cousin of Baba Ramdev.
Worship Main Temple: Baingti Village, Phalodi, Jodhpur In the temple, Sankhla Rajput act as priests and worship Harbhuji ki gaadi.
Fairs Parbatsar, Nagaur cattle fair is organized from Bhadra Shukla Dashmi to Poornima.
Other Facts Tejaji Ji identifications – Horse-back, with Sword and Snake

Meha Ji Manglia

Birth Bapni Village, Jodhpur
Legend Manglias are main worshippers.
Worship Main Temple: Bapni Village, Jodhpur
Fairs Bapni village – Bhadrapada Krishna Ashtami

Mallinath Ji

Birth 1358 A.D. at Kolu Village, Phalodi in the Jodhpur district of Rajasthan.
Legend Defeated army of Subedar Nizamuddin of Malwa in 1378 AD.
Worship Main Temple Located in Tilwara, Barmer
Fairs Tilwara, Barmer – Chaitra Krishna Ekadashi to Chaitra Shukla Ekadashi. Tharparkar Cow is traded most in his fair.
Other Facts Malani pargani in Barmer is named after him.

Other Lok Devta’s of Rajasthan

Bhomiaji Worshipped in villages as a protector of land.
Mamadev Lok Devta of rain
Eloji Lok Devta of Love (Cupid).
Fatta ji Waged war with robbers in Santhu village in Jalore District. Fair – every year on Bhadon Sudi Navami.
Dev Baba Protector & savior of Gurjars. Temple: Nagla Jahag village of Bharatpur District.
Panraj Ji Born – Naga Village, Jaisalmer Two fairs every year at panrajsar, Jaisalmer.

Lok Devis of Rajasthan (Folk Godesses)

Like Lok Devta, Lok Devis are also worshipped in Rajasthan with equal devotion. In Rajasthan, several communities like Rajputs worship their particular goddess as kuldevi, some communities worship tree as kuldevi.

Kaila Devi Tutelary (Kuldevi) of Karauli’s royal family, worshipped as form of durga. Lakkhi fair – Chaitra Shukla Ashtami – on Trikut hill at Kaila Devi.
Shila Devi After victory over East Bengal, Maharaja Man Singh of Amer installed Shila Devi in Amer in 16th Century.
Karni Mata Temple: Deshnok, Bikaner Goddess of Rats, white rats in temple are called as kaba. Kuldevi of Rathore Clan Charan community also considers her as their Kuldevi.
Jeen Mata Temple: Rewasa Village, Sikar According to inscription found in Harsh Mountain – Temple of Jeen Mata was built during period of Prthviraj Chouchan I. Jeen Mata is considered Kuldevi of Chouchans.
Sakrai Mata Main Temple – udaipurwati, Jhunjhunu. Kuldevi of Khandelwals. She is also called as Shakambhari Devi & temple of Shakambhari devi is located at Sambhar & Saharanpur of UP.
Jal Devi Temple: Bavadi, Tonk District.
Rani Sati Marble temple in Jhunjhunu.
Sheetla Mata She protects children from Chicken Pox. Donkey is her vehicle & Kumhar (Potter) is her Pujari. Main Temple: Sheel ki Dungari, Chaksu, Jaipur Also known as Sedhal mata.
Mahamaya (mahamai) Worshipped as protector of children. Pregnant women worship Mahamaya of Mavli (Udaipur) for safe delivery & well being of their children.
Aai Mata Sirvi Community of Kshatriyas considers her as their Kuldevi. Temple: Bilada
Narayani Mata Temple: Barva Doongri, Rajgarh, Alwar Barbers consider Narayani Mata as their kuldevi.
Ashapura Mata Considered incarnation of Hinglaj mata Kuldevi of Chauhan dynasty. Shakambhari in Sambhar, Chamunda in Ajaymeru Merwara, Asapura in Nadole are famous temples

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