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Mars Orbiter Mission – Mangalyaan
- In 2013, ISRO successfully placed the Mars Orbiter Mission spacecraft in orbit around the red planet, in its very first attempt.
- ISRO had launched the spacecraft on homegrown PSLV rocket.
- It had escaped the earth’s gravitational field on December 1, 2013.
- MOM mission aims at studying the Martian surface and mineral composition as well as scan its atmosphere for methane (an indicator of life on Mars).
The Mars Orbiter has five scientific instruments:
- Lyman Alpha Photometer (LAP),
- Methane Sensor for Mars (MSM),
- Mars Exospheric Neutral Composition Analyzer (MENCA),
- Mars Color Camera (MCC),
- Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer (TIS).