Mountains, Peaks and Aravalli Ranges- Geography of Rajasthan
Rajasthan is bisected by Aravali range into two major parts: Southeast Rajasthan and Northwest Rajasthan. The northwest consists of a series of sand dunes covers nearly two-thirds of the area. Aravali range is approximately 692 Kms long which is running across Gujarat, Rajasthan, Haryana and Delhi.
The Aravali Mountain in Rajasthan is divided into following Ranges:
What is Mountain?
Mountains are landforms that stick up high above the surrounding land. Mountains are much taller than hills, mountains can often be found together in groups or mountain ranges.
Mountains are prominent landforms that have significant heights above sea level and/or the surrounding land. They are steeper than hills. A mountain or mountain range usually has a peak, which is a pointed top. Mountains have different climates than land at sea level and nearby flat land.
The literal meaning of Aravalli Range is ‘line of peaks’. It is the oldest fold mountain ranges in the world which stretching about 300 miles from the northeast to the southwest which extends from Delhi to Ahmadabad. Guru Shikhar is the highest point which is located in Mount Abu. The Aravalli range is very rich in natural resources and gave rise of numerous peninsula rivers like Banas, Luni and Sabarmati. This region is also famous for heavily forested consisting of large areas of sand and stone and of masses of rose-coloured quartzite.
1. North-Eastern Aravalli Range
- This range is also known as Alwar hill range.
- In North-Eastern Aravalli Range all the hill ranges are eroded.
- It stretches from delhi to isolated hills of Alwar & Jaipur.
- Average elevation of this range is approx. 300-670 meters.
- Towards north & east it merges with Ganga-Yamuna plains.
- Torawati hills, Malkhet & Khetri Group of hills are also part of north eastern Aravali range.
Important Peaks of North-Eastern Aravalli Region:
|Peak Name||District||Height (meters)|
2. Central Aravali Range
The Average height of Central Aravali Range is 700 meter but in the valley it is approx 550m. Four famous ghats of this range are Bar, Pakheria, Shivpur and sura ghat. Shekhawati lower hills and Marwar hills are part of Central Aravali range.
It includes districts of Ajmer, south-western Tonk and Jaipur Surrounded:-
(1) North by Alwar hills
(2) East by Karauli table-land
(3) South by Banas plains and
(4) West by Sambhar basin
Important Peaks of Central Aravalli Region
3. Southern Aravali Range
The southern Aravali expansion of hill ranges: 100km width and the average height is 1000meter. Granite and Aravali quartzite also found in this range and it formed 8-10 hill ranges are in parallel. The Southern Aravali range includes district of Banswara, Udaipur, Sirohi, Dungarpur & South-eastern margin of Pali district.
Physiographically it is a dominant part of Aravallis which falls in Mewar. The general altitude of the region is above 650 metre and it extends longitudinally from Bhim tehsil in the north to the Dungarpur tehsil in the south. The region separates Marwar in the west from the Mewar in the east, extending along the western border of Udaipur district. The Aravalli within Mewar appears like a triangular shaped land form, having greates width as well as height in the south. Thus the whole western portion of the Mewar is part of Aravalli and widely known as south Aravalli region.
Peaks of Southern Aravali Range
|Peak Name||District||Height (m)|
Main hill ranges of southern Aravali are:
- Girwa Hills
- Mewar hills & Bhorat Plateau
- Merwara Hills
- Abu block & Oria plateau