MYUPSC Daily Current Affairs 05 December 2019

Topics : UPSC Prelims and Mains Exam 2020

UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series

Govt. to implement portability of NFSA benefits

Minister for Consumer Affairs, Food and Public Distribution, Ram Vilas Paswan today said the Government has begun implementing nation-wide portability of the benefits under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) 2013.

He was speaking during the Question Hour in the Lok Sabha today. Mr Paswan said eligible households or beneficiaries covered under NFSA would be able to lift their entitled food grains from any Fair Price Shop, FPS, in the country.

This would be possible by using the same ration card after biometric or Aadhaar authentication on Electronic Point of Sale, EPoS, and device at an FPS of Destination/Sale State through ‘One Nation One Ration Card’ Plan.

The Minister reiterated that the facility of inter-State portability under this initiative would be available only through FPSs, having fully online ePoS devices.

The system would largely benefit numerous migratory beneficiaries such as labourers, daily wagers and blue-collar workers who frequently change their place of dwelling in search of employment or for other reasons, across the country.

Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana

Context: In line with the provisions of National Policy for Farmers (NPF) (2007), the Department of Rural Development, Ministry of Rural Development is implementing a programme exclusively for women farmers namely, Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP).

Funding support to the tune of up to 60% (90% for North Eastern States) for such projects is provided by the Government of India.

About Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana:

It is a sub component of the Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana-NRLM (DAY-NRLM).

It seeks to improve the present status of women in Agriculture, and to enhance the opportunities available to empower her.

MKSP recognizes the identity of “Mahila” as “Kisan” and strives to build the capacity of women in the domain of agro-ecologically sustainable practices.

Objectives and significance:

The focus of MKSP is on capacitating smallholders to adopt sustainable climate resilient agro-ecology and eventually create a pool of skilled community professionals.

Its objective is to strengthen smallholder agriculture through promotion of sustainable agriculture practices such as Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture (CMSA), Non Pesticide Management (NPM), Zero Budget Natural Farming (ZBNF), Pashu-Sakhi model for doorstep animal care services, Sustainable regeneration and harvesting of Non-Timber Forest Produce.

Need for feminization of agriculture:

Rural women form the most productive work force in the economy of majority of the developing nations including India.

More than 80% of rural women are engaged in agriculture activities for their livelihoods.

About 20 per cent of farm livelihoods are female headed due to widowhood, desertion, or male emigration.

Agriculture support system in India strengthens the exclusion of women from their entitlements as agriculture workers and cultivators.

Most of the women-headed households are not able to access extension services, farmers support institutions and production assets like seed, water, credit, subsidy etc. As agricultural workers, women are paid lower wage than men.

Centre to provide assistance to intensify use of buckwheat

Union Agriculture Minister Narendra Singh Tomar today said that to intensify the use of buckwheat, ICAR-All India Co-ordinated Research Network on potential crops has developed nutritionally rich five varieties.

He said they are promoted by ICAR and respective State Agricultural Universities (SAUs) through front line demonstrations, trainings and kisan melas.

In a written reply in the LokSabha today, the Agriculture Minister said Buckwheat is grown in the Hilly regions of Northern and Northeastern states including in the Nilgiris & Palani Hills, in an estimated area of 25,800 hectares.

Mr. Tomar said, to encourage farmers to grow buckwheat, Government is providing assistance through programmes like Paramparagat KrishiVikasYojana (PKVY) and Mission on Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Region.

Rotavirus

Rota-virus-complete-detail

Vice- President has launched the new rotavirus vaccine – ROTAVAC5D.

The vaccine has been designed and developed by Bharat Biotech.

About Rotavirus:

It is a genus of double-stranded RNA virus in the Reoviridae family.

Rotavirus is a leading cause of severe diarrhoea and death among children less than five years of age.

It is responsible for around 10% of total child mortality every year.

Rotavirus-Signs and Symptoms:

Kids with a rotavirus infection have fever, nausea, and vomiting, often followed by abdominal cramps and frequent, watery diarrhea.

Kids may also have a cough and runny nose.

Sometimes the diarrhea that accompanies a rotavirus infection is so severe that it can quickly lead to dehydration.

As with all viruses, though, some rotavirus infections cause few or no symptoms, especially in adults.

Transmission:

Rotavirus is transmitted by the faecal-oral route, via contact with contaminated hands, surfaces and objects, and possibly by the respiratory route. Viral diarrhea is highly contagious.

Background:

Out of all the causes of diarrhoea, rotavirus is a leading cause of diarrhoea in children less than 5 years of age. Rotavirus diarrhoea presents in similar manner like any other diarrhoea but can mainly be prevented through rotavirus vaccination. Other diarrhoea can be prevented through general measures like good hygiene, frequent hand washing, safe water and safe food consumption, exclusive breastfeeding and vitamin A supplementation.

Centre not to stop circulation of high denomination notes

The Government today clarified that it is not contemplating to stop the circulation of two thousand rupee notes.

In a written reply in the RajyaSabha today, Minister of State for Finance, Anurag Thakur said there is no such proposal under consideration. He also said that a declining trend is visible in the seizure of unaccounted cash in the denomination of two thousand rupee notes.

The Minister said in the year 2017-18, around 68 per cent of unaccounted cash was seized in the denomination of two thousand rupees, while in the year 2018-19, it was around 66 percent. In the current financial year, over 43 per cent of unaccounted cash was seized in the denomination of two thousand rupees.

The Minister said as on March this year, over 31 per cent of total notes in circulation are of two thousand rupees.

“Top 100 City Destination” ranking

Released by Euro monitor International, a UK-based global market research company

The Euro monitor report highlights top 100 cities based on 2018 international arrivals. An arrival encompasses all purposes of visit such as business, leisure and visiting friends and relatives.

Key findings:

India has emerged as the strongest emerging destination with seven cities in the top 100 popular cities this year.

Delhi is forecast to be hold the 8th place in 2019.

Despite political unrest and protests in the last few months, Hong Kong remained No.1 destination this year. However, the number of visitors arriving to Hong Kong declined in 2019.

Asia posted fastest growth in the number of international arrivals globally.

Developed infrastructure, government’s focus on tourism and digitization of travel facilities like e-visa are some of the reasons behind Asian countries’ popularity among global tourists.

Prithvi-II missile

  • It is a surface-to-surface tactical missile with a strike range of 350 km.
  • It is developed by DRDO under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program (IGMDP).
  • It is capable of carrying 500 to 1,000 kg of warheads, both conventional as well as nuclear.
  • The state-of-the-art missile is powered by liquid propulsion twin engines.
  • It uses an advanced inertial guidance system with maneuvering orbit to hit its target.
  • It was inducted into Armour of the defence forces in 2003.

TRAI implements new mobile number portability rules

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI) has revamped mobile number portability (MNP) rules, making the entire process faster and simpler. The TRAI has prescribed three working days timeline for port out requests within a service area.

Similarly, timeline of five working days has been prescribed for requests for port out from one circle to another. The new rules will come into effect from December 16.

Validity of the Unique Porting Code (UPC) has also been brought down to four days instead of a fortnight earlier. It will be applicable to all circles except Jammu & Kashmir, Assam and North East, where the validity of the said code remains unchanged to 30 days.

The MNP request under the present rule will be processed till December 9 and the service will not be available between December 10 and December 15 as entities involved in the process will be migrating their systems to implement new rules.

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