National Food Security Act, 2013

  • It aims to provide subsidized food grains to approximately 2/3rdof India’s population i.e 75% in rural areas and 50% in urban areas will be covered under TPDS, with uniform entitlement of 5 kg/person/month.
  • It converts the various existing food security schemes into legal entitlements (i.e.) from welfare based approach to rights based approach.
  • It includes the Midday Meal Scheme, ICDS scheme, the PDS and also recognizes maternity entitlements.
  • Under NFSA, each beneficiary is entitled to 5 kilograms of food grains per month at Rs. 3, Rs. 2, and Rs. 1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grains respectively. It has been decided by the Government to continue the above mentioned subsidized prices upto June, 2019.
  • Thereafter prices will be as fixed by the Central Government from time to time, not exceeding MSP.
  • However, the beneficiaries under Antyodaya Anna Yojana will keep receiving the 35 kg/household/month at same rates.
  • NFSA also guarantees age appropriate meal, free of charge through local anganwadi for children up to 6 months and one free meal for children in age group 6-14 years in schools.
  • Every pregnant and lactating mother is entitled to a free meal at the local anganwadi as well as maternity benefits of Rs.6,000 in installments.
  • These maternal benefits are not extended to Government employees, since other similar benefits are provided.
  • The identification of eligible households is left to state governments.
  • It also has provisions for food security allowance to entitled beneficiaries in case of non-supply of entitled foodgrains/meals.

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