UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-31

MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge …

UPSC Civil Services Prelims Exam 2020 Expected MCQ Part-30

MYUPSC.COM is dedicated to preparation of UPSC Civil Services and State PSC Prelims and Mains Examination 2020. we are providing here the best quality study material and Test Series for UPSC IAS Prelims and Mains Exam 2020. you can get India yearbook 2020 and State wise Current Affairs and General Knowledge …

Weekly Current Affairs: 14 May to 20 May 2020

MYUPSC.COM aims to help every competitive exam aspirant to revise at ease with Current Affairs. To prepare for any competitive exam, one of the important sections to read and learn is current affairs. Exams like UPSC, Bank, SSC, RRB or any Government (Sarkari) Exam demand aspirants to be updated with …

Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve

Recently, a new prey and predator estimation in Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve (TATR) in Maharashtra found the presence of 115 tigers and 151 leopards. Key Points: The estimation was done as part of the long-term monitoring of tigers, co-predators and prey species in TATR inside the core and buffer areas of the …

New Super-Earth Planet

Recently, scientists have discovered a rare new Super-Earth planet. It is among only a handful of extra-solar planets that have been detected with both sizes and orbits close to that of Earth. An exoplanet or extrasolar planet is a planet outside the Solar System. Key Points: Mass : Host Star: The host star of the Super-Earth’s …

Statehood Day of Sikkim

On the Statehood Day of Sikkim (16th May), the Prime Minister greeted the people of the state and praised the traditions and culture of the state highlighting its contributions to the national progress. Key Points: Sikkim is located in the northeastern part of the country, in the eastern Himalayas and is one of the smallest states in India. It …

Cyclone Amphan

Recently, the National Crisis Management Committee reviewed the preparedness for the impending cyclone Amphan. At the national level, Cabinet Committee on Security (CCS) and National Crisis Management Committee (NCMC) are the key committees involved in the top-level decision-making related to Disaster Management. Key Points: Cyclone Amphan (pronounced as UM-PUN) is a tropical cyclone formed over Bay of …

Economic Stimulus-V

Recently, the Union Finance Minister announced the measures for providing employment and support to businesses, state governments as well sectors such as education and health as part of the fifth and final tranche of Atmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. The announced measures also form a part of the Rs. 20 lakh crore economic stimulus package …

Webinar on Uttarakhand’s Tourism Potential

Recently, the 20th session of the Dekho Apna Desh Webinar series was organised by the Ministry of Tourism titled “Uttarakhand Simply Heaven”. Key Points: It highlighted the potential of tourism in Uttarakhand’s two regions namely Kedar Khand (Garhwal Region) and Manu Khand (Kumaon Region). Popular Destinations: Four pilgrim destinations – Gangotri, Yamunotri, Badrinath (on the bank of River Alaknanda, …

A Rare Palm from Andamans

Recently, a rare palm, Pinanga andamanensis, has been successfully cultivated at Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute (JNTBGRI) based at Palode, Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala). Key Points: Pinanga andamanensis: It is a rare palm endemic to South Andaman Island. Its entire population of some 600 specimens naturally occurs only in a tiny, …

Ashwagandha and Anti-Covid-19 Drug

Recently, researchers of IIT-Delhi in collaboration with Japan’s National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) have found that the ayurvedic herb Ashwagandha has “therapeutic and preventive value” against Covid-19 infection. Key Points: The publication of the coronavirus genome and structure have triggered drug designing, devising and development using informatics and experimental …

Pinanga Andamanensis

It is an IUCN critically endangered species and one of the least known among the endemic palms of the Andaman Islands. The name is derived from ‘Penang’, the modern-day Malaysian state. Its entire population of some 600 specimens naturally occurs only in a tiny, evergreen forest pocket in South Andaman’s Mount Harriet National Park. Why …

Less invasive surfactant administration (LISA)

LISA has been developed as a lung protective strategy for respiratory management and ventilation in view of the mechanical ventilation causing damage to the preterm lungs of newborns. Infants considered suitable for LISA are those being managed with primary continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or high flow with the evidence of increasing respiratory …

Hanko-personal stamp

It is a personal stamp generally made from wood or plastic. Small-sized and circular or square-shaped, the stamp is wet by an ink pad called ‘shuniku’, and the mark that it leaves on a document is called ‘inkan’. It is used for authorising official documents ranging from contracts, marriage registrations and even delivery …

What is a travel bubble?

Context: The Baltic countries of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania have started what is being referred to as a ‘travel bubble’ to help put their economies back on track post-Covid lockdowns. Background: With the pandemic throwing both international and domestic trade and travel out of gear since earlier this year, such ‘travel bubbles’ are now …

Afghanistan’s Power Sharing Deal

Context: Afghanistan’s President Ashraf Ghani and his rival Abdullah Abdullah have signed a power-sharing deal, ending months of political uncertainty. Overview of the deal: Mr Ghani will stay on as president. Dr Abdullah will lead peace talks with the Taliban, should they get under way. The deal calls for Abdullah …

Initiatives to boost Education Sector

Context: Union Finance Minister announces several initiatives to boost Education Sector. Measures announced: A comprehensive initiative called PM e-VIDYAwill be launched which unifies all efforts related to digital/online/on-air education. This will enable multi-mode access to education, and includes: DIKSHA (one nation-one digital platform). TV (one class-one channel) where one dedicated channel per grade …

Shekatkar Committee recommendations

Context: Government has accepted and implemented three important recommendations of Committee of Experts (CoE) under the Chairmanship of Lt General D B Shekatkar (Retd) relating to border Infrastructure. Accepted recommendations: Speeding up road construction, Outsourcing road construction work beyond optimal capacity of the Border Roads Organisation (BRO). Mandatory to adopt Engineering Procurement …

J&K defines rules for domicile certificates

Context: The Jammu and Kashmir administration has issued a notification defining the rules for issuing domicile certificates in the Union territory. These rules provide a simple time-bound and transparent procedure for issuance of domicile certificates. The notification has been provided through an amendment of the Jammu and Kashmir Civil Services (Decentralisation and …

National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education

National Institutes of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPERs) are the institutes of national importance under the aegis of the Department of Pharmaceutical, Ministry of Chemicals and Fertilizers. The seven institutes are functional at Ahmedabad (Gujarat), Hyderabad (Telangana), Hajipur (Bihar), Kolkata (West Bengal), Guwahati (Assam), Mohali (Punjab), and Raebareli (Uttar Pradesh). …

Parkinson Disease

Parkinson’s disease is a chronic, degenerative neurological disorder that affects the central nervous system. It damages nerve cells in the brain dropping the levels of dopamine. Dopamine is a chemical that sends behavioral signals from the brain to the body. The disease causes a variety of “motor” symptoms (symptoms related …

Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI)

CSIR-Central Food Technological Research Institute (CSIR-CFTRI), is one of the constituent laboratory under the aegis of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). It is head quartered in Mysore, Karnataka. CFTRI also has its resource centers in Hyderabad, Lucknow and Mumbai, rendering technical assistance to numerous entrepreneurs. The institute …

Spirulina-biomass of cyanobacteria

Spirulina Spirulina is a biomass of cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that can be consumed by humans and animals. The three species are Arthrospira platensis, A. fusiformis, and A. maxima. It is cultivated worldwide, Arthrospira is used as a dietary supplement or whole food. It is also used as a feed supplement …

River Nila

River Nila is also known as Bharathapuzha and Ponnani. Amaravathipuzha originating from Thrimoorthy Hills of Anamalais in Tamil Nadu joins with Kalpathipuzha at Parali in Palakkad District and forms Nila. It drains in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. Malampuzha dam is the largest among the reservoirs built across Bharathapuzha. It flows …

World Economic Forum

It is a Swiss nonprofit foundation established in 1971, based in Geneva, Switzerland. Recognized by the Swiss authorities as the international institution for public-private cooperation, its mission is cited as, “committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic, and other leaders of society to shape …

Energy Transition Index

Recently, the World Economic Forum (WEF) has released the annual rankings of the global Energy Transition Index. The index benchmarks 115 economies on the current performance of their energy systems across Economic development and growth, Environmental sustainability and energy security Access indicators Readiness for transition to secure, sustainable, affordable and …

Food and Agriculture Organization

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger and improve nutrition and food security. Founded in October 1945, the FAO is the oldest existing agency of the U.N. The FAO is headquartered in …

Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020

Global Forest Resources Assessment is a report released by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). The FRA 2020 has examined the status of, and trends in, more than 60 forest-related variables in 236 countries and territories in the period 1990–2020. According to recent report estimates Africa had the …

Damodar River

Damodar River is a river flowing across the Indian states of Jharkhand and West Bengal. Rich in mineral resources, the valley is home to large-scale mining and industrial activity. Earlier known as the Sorrow of Bengal  because of its ravaging floods in the plains of West Bengal, the Damodar and …

Asian Infrastructure Investment Banks

The Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank (AIIB) is a multilateral development bank that aims to support the building of infrastructure in the Indo-Pacific region. The bank currently has 78 members as well as 24 prospective members from around the world. The bank was proposed by China in 2013 and the initiative …

National Mission on Education

National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology The Mission, launched in 2009, is a landmark initiative of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), with the objective of seamlessly providing quality educational content to all the eligible and willing learners in India. It has been envisaged to leverage …

SAMARTH ERP

The Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) has developed an e-governance platform ‘SAMARTH Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP)’ under the National Mission of Education in Information and Communication Technology Scheme (NMEICT). SAMARTH ERP is an open source, open standard enabled robust, secure, scalable, and evolutionary process automation engine for Universities and …

Ghaghara River

It acts as an important aquatic corridor for gharials in Uttar Pradesh. Its source is near Gurla Mandhata peak, south of Mansarovar in Tibet. It is known as the Karnaili in Western Nepal. It’s important tributaries are the Sarda, the Sarju (Ayodhya is located on its bank) and the Rapti. …

Chambal River

The Chambal originates at the Singar Chouri peak in the northern slopes of the Vindhya Mountains (Indore, Madhya Pradesh). It joins the Yamuna River in Etawah District of UP. Tributaries – Banas, Kali Sindh, Parbati. The National Chambal Sanctuary is located along river Chambal on the tri-junction of Rajasthan, Madhya …

Gharials or Gavials

Gharials or Gavials, are a type of Asian crocodilian distinguished by their long, thin snouts which resembles a pot. Their natural habitat is fresh waters of the northern part of India includes Primary Habitat – Chambal River Secondary Habitat – Ghaghra and Gandak river, Girwa river (Katarniaghat Wildlife Sanctuary in Uttar Pradesh), …

Quinine Nongladew

Quinine Nongladew is a village named after the alkaloid quinine extracted from the bark of cinchona. Quinine, its most primitive antimalarial avatar. Cinchona is a plant belonging to the Rubiaceae family and classified as either a large shrub or a small tree. The village, is about 70 km south of …

Super Earth

All of the planets in our solar system orbit around the Sun, those planets that orbit around other stars are called extra solar planets or exoplanets. They are very hard to see directly with telescopes as they are hidden by the bright glare of the stars they orbit. So, astronomers …

Indian Coast Guard Ship (ICGS) Sachet

Recently, the Defence Minister of India has commissioned Indian Coast Guard Ship (ICGS) Sachet and two Interceptor Boats (IBs) C-450 and C-451 in Goa via video conference. It is the first in the series of five Offshore Patrol Vessels (OPVs) and has been designed and built indigenously by Goa Shipyard …

Indus Water Treaty

The Indus system comprises of main Indus River, Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas and Sutlej. The basin is mainly shared by India and Pakistan with a small share for China and Afghanistan. Under the treaty signed between India and Pakistan in 1960, all the waters of three rivers, namely Ravi, Sutlej …

Gilgit Baltistan

Gilgit-Baltistan formerly known as the Northern Areas, is a region administered by Pakistan as an administrative territory. It constitutes the northern portion of the larger Kashmir region of India, which has been the subject of a dispute between India and Pakistan since 1947, and between India and China from somewhat …