Physical, Economic and Human Geography of India

Physical, Economic and Human Geography of India

India has a varied landscape. From the snow-clad Himalayas to rich, vibrant coastlines, we probably have all the physio graphic features of an environment. However, before we get into that, let us first understand India’s location on the world map. India is a part of the Asian continent and lies on the Indian Plate.

India has a total area of 3,287,263 square kilometers and that makes it the seventh largest country in the world. The Himalayan range defines the north of India and the Arabian Sea, the Bay of Bengal, and the Indian Ocean define the southern part. India shares its borders with China, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Myanmar (Burma).

Topic Covered:-

Indian Geography: A Complete Study Material

  1. Introduction
    o Basic Concepts in Geography
    o The Universe
    o The Solar System
    o Latitudes, Longitudes and Standard Time
    o Inside our Earth
    o Our Changing Earth
    o Composition of Air
    o Water
    o Our Changing view of the Universe
    o Location and its Neighbour
    o Frontiers of India
    o Administrative divisions of India: States and Union Territories
    o Physical Division
    o Geological Structure of India
    o Classification of the Indian Rocks
    o Trans-Himalayas Mountain Region or Tibet Himalayan Region
    o The Eastern or Purvanchal Hills
    o The Aravali Mountain Range
    o The Peninsular Plateau
    o The Great Plains of India
    o Structural division of Plains
    o Indian Desert
    o The Western Ghats Mountain Range
    o The Eastern Ghats Mountain Range
    o The Western Ghats Coastal Plain
    o The Eastern Coastal Plains
    o The Island Groups
    o Important Passes in India
  2. Climate, Soil & Vegetation
  3. Drainage System/River/Lake
  4. Economic Geography
    – Industrial Regions in India
    – Mineral belts in India
    – Power Resources of India
    – Coal Resources of India
    – Petroleum and Natural Gas
    – Atomic Minerals
    – Means of Electrical Energy Production in India
    – Atomic Energy
    – Non-Conventional Sources of Energy
    – Industries in India
    – Industrial Development in India
    – Iron and Steel Industry
    – Shipping Industry
    – Aluminium Industries in India
    – Cement Industry
    – Chemical fertilizer Industry in India
    – Petro-Chemical Industry in India
    – Engineering Industry
    – Pharmaceutical Industries in India
    – Agro-Based Industries in India
    – Forest-based Industry
    – Transport and Communication
    – Road Transport
    – Rail Transport
    – Water Transport
    – Air Transportation
    – Oil and Gas Pipelines
    – Personal Communication System
    – Mass Communication System
  5. Human Geography
    – Human Resources
    – Human Development
    – Human Settlement
    – Rural Settlement
    – Indicators of Development
    – Composition of Indian population
    – Urban Settlements in India
    – Urbanization in India
    – Functional Classification of Towns
    – Dichotomy of Human Geography
    – Human Development Index in India
    – Racial Groups of India
    – Schedule Tribes in India
    – Schedule Castes in India
    – Population Policies of India
    – Human Migration

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