UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics

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UPSC CSE Prelims Exam Important Topics for Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 GS Paper-1.


UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics: I have given below the topics wise questions asked in the UPSC Preliminary General studies, from 2013 to 2019. (7 Years)

  • Use your time in a Smart and Intelligent way. Focus on the topics where more questions are asked.
  • Also, link the conventional areas to the current affairs topics in those respective areas.



UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics



  1. Art and Culture – Festival and States, Painting (Bani thani, Kalamkari, Mural Paintings), Craft and Heritage states, Classical dance ,Classical Languages, Traditions and Communities, Important cultural places (Ajanta and Mahabalipuram), Pilgrimage and location, Shrine and Location – 16 Questions
  2. Nationalist Movement 1905–1918– INC (Surat Split, Women and Muslim President, Lahore session),Revolutionary Movement (Ghadr, Rowlatt Satyagraha, Swaraj Sabha, Personalities (Lajpat Rai, Annie Besant, Mahatma Gandhi) – 11 Questions
  3. Struggle for Swaraj- Congress socialist party, Cripps Mission, Simon Commission, Cabinet Mission, Quit India Movement, Salt Satyagraha, Chronology (3) – 9 Questions
  4. Buddhism and Jainism – 11 Questions
  5. Bhakti and Sufi Saints – 5 Questions



  1. Climatology, Atmosphere, Pressure & Temperature systems, Rainfall and Climatic regions of the world – 29 Q
  2. Economic geography of India, Agriculture, Mineral & Energy resources, Industries & Transportation – 29 Q
  3. Physiographic divisions of India – 16 Q



  1. Union & State legislature – 25 Q
  2. Union & State Executive – 14 Q
  3. Constitutional & Non Constitutional bodies – 12 Q
  4. Judiciary – 8 Q
  5. Preamble & Salient features of Constitution – 8 Q



  1. Banks & Monetary policy in India – Financial Inclusion (Small Finance Bank, Payments Bank), Public Sector Banks, Banking Terms (Asserts, Inter Creditor Agreement, Capital Adequacy Ratio, Core Banking Solutions, Basel III Accord, Monetary policy, Inflation, Marginal Standing Facility Rate, Banking Correspondent, SLR, Bank Rate, Priority Sector Lending)Tax Terms (Equalisation Levy, GST, Tax Devolution, Tax to GDP ratio, Sales Tax) – 24 Q
  2. Growth and development – National Economy Terms (GNP, GDP, Economic Growth, Poverty) Index, National Indexes (Index of eight core Industries, CPI-IL) – 15 Q
  3. Indian Agriculture- Agriculture and Cropping pattern , Imports of Agriculture products , Government Measures (Food Corporation of India, Minimum Support Price, Fair Remuneration Price, Seed Replacement Ratio) – 14 Q
  4. External sector – Forex Reserve and Debts ,Financial Terms (Currency Crisis, Demand and Supply, Liquidity Assets),Sovereign Fund – 12 Q



  1. Social and Cultural Awakening in the First Half of the 19th Century- Tribal Uprising , Santhal Uprising ,Movement /Organisation – Leaders, Institution – Founder, Persons – Position held – 7 Q
  2. Administrative Changes After 1858 and Acts – Victoria Proclamation, Charter Act 1813,Factories Act 1881, Govt. of India Act 1935, Trade Dispute Act 1929, Govt. of India Act 1919 (2) – 7 Q
  3. Growth of New India—The Nationalist Movement 1858-1905 – Moderates (Economic Critics),Swadeshi Movements ,Committee (Butler, Radcliff), Ilbert Bill – 6 Q
  4. Babur, Mughal Architecture, Mansabdar, Jagirdar, Zamindar, Personalities, Mughal Paintings, Akbar Religious measures – 7 Q
  5. The Structure of the Government and the Economic Policies of the British Empire in India, 1757-1857 – Land Reforms – Ryotwari settlement, Economic consequence of Brit rule ,English Education – 5 Q



  1. World Political geography, Places, regions & Countries – 9 Q
  2. Universe & Earth – 9 Q
  3. India Political geography, Places, regions & States – 8 Q
  4. River system – 8 Q
  5. Geomorphology and Soils, Rocks, Earthquake, Volcanism and Plate tectonic – 6 Q



  1. Fundamental rights – 6 Q
  2. Directive Principles of State policy – 6 Q
  3. Local government – 6 Q
  4. Schedules – 5 Q



  1. RBI- Monetary Policy and RBI, RBI and Its Measures – 10 Q
  2. Terminology(Money Multiplier, Merchant Discount Rate, Opportunity Cost, Domestic Content Requirement, Import Cover, Base Erosion and Profit Sharing, Rupee Convertibility, Disguised unemployment) – 8 Q
  3. Government budgeting – Budget (Fiscal Deficit, Capital Budget, Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management, Non Plan expenditure, Capital Account) – 8 Q
  4. Financial markets – Indian Stock Market, Bond (IFC Masala Bond, Gold Bond) – Financial Terms (Currency Crisis, Demand and Supply, Liquidity Assets) – 6 Q


Ancient History

  1. Vedic Culture and IVC difference – 1 Q
  2. Harappan Site – 2 Q
  3. Ashokan Inscription – 2 Q
  4. Indian Philosophy – 2 Q
  5. Terminology- 3 Q
  6. Feudal System –1 Q
  7. Books and Themes –1 Q
  8. Saka Era – 1 Q
  9. Travellers – Hiuen Tsang – 1 Q
  10. Architecture (Famous sculpture work and Places, Rock Cut) – 2 Q


Medieval History

  1. Delhi Sultanate Administration – 1 Q
  2. Medieval Port – 1 Q
  3. Temple Architecture – 2 Q
  4. Medieval states and Present place – 1 Q
  5. Vijayanagar Empire (Tax system, Founder) – 1 Q
  6. Terminology 3 Q



  1. Oceanography, Water distribution, Tides and Ocean currents – 5 Q



  1. Fundamental duties – 3 Q
  2. Union & Territories and Citizenship – 3 Q
  3. Emergency – 2 Q



  1. International economic organizations- International Organizations (WTO, IMF, NDB, International Financial Institutions – 7 Q
  2. Financial Inclusion- E– Governance and Digital Payments gateways – 5 Q
  3. Investment model – Capital (Social Capital, Human Capital, Capital Formation, Venture Capital) – 4 Q
  4. Issues related to planning – Five Year Plan – 2 Q



UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics



In the Current Affairs:


Aarogya Setu App


Article 370 revoked -5th August 2019

Atal Innovation Mission-(NITI-AIM)

AYUSH Ministry-Immunity booster, Ayurveda

Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine

Bat Coronavirus (BtCoV)

Biological Warfare (BW)


Nipah virus



Risat-2B Satellite


Icon (Ionospheric Connection Explorer) Satellite

Winter grade diesel




– Hydro chlorofluorocarbon (HCFC)-141 b

RISAT (Radar Imaging Satellite) 2BR1

Bushfires in Australia and Amazon

ChAd0x1 nCoV-19: Oxford vaccine Group

Convalescent Plasma (CP) Therapy

Pather Community

Raju Community

Belgian Malinois Breed

Pathalgadi movement

MH-6O Romeo Helicopter

Operation ‘Maa’

Operation ‘Prahaar’


Ludwigia Peruviana


CoVID Warriors-iGOT (Integrated Government Online Training)

CVC-Central Vigilance Commission

Jal-Shakti Abhiyan

Scheme of Fund for Regeneration of Traditional Industries (SFURTI)

National Animal Disease Control Programme

SUMAN (Surakshit Matritva Aashwasan) Scheme

The Pradhan Mantri Innovative Learning Programme – DHRUV

Geo tagging scheme

Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission

Genome India Project

Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)

BIMSTEC (Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation)

Christchurch Call to Action

Vienna Convention

International Court of Justice

Intermediate range nuclear forces (INF) treaty


Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP)

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Urja Suraksha evam Utthan Mahabhiyan (PM KUSUM) Scheme

Disaster Management Act, 2005

Dr.Tedros Adhanom-Director General (WHO)

ELON MUSK-SpaceX, TESLA, the Boring Company

Empowered Groups

Epidemic Act 1897-Epidemic Disease (Amendment) Ordinance, 2020

FDA-Food and Drug Administration

First Human trial of Oxford Group vaccine on Elisa Granato-a microbiologist

GBRC-Gujarat Biotechnology Research Centre


Herd Immunity

ICMR-Indian Council of Medical Research

IDSP-Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme

ILI-Influenza like Illness

IMCT-Inter-Ministerial Central Team

Johns Hopkins University (USA).

Kartarpur Corridor

L-type strain of Coronavirus

Lifeline Udan

Low cost Mechanical Ventilator -RUHDAAR by IIT-Bombay.

MERS -Middle East Respiratory Syndrome

Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW)

MNREGA-Mahatma Gandhi Rural Employment Guarantee Act.

MSME-Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises

NABARD-National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development

National Centre for Disease Control-NCDC

National Health Policy (NHP)-1983(revised in 2002).

National Urban Learning Platform-NULP

North Korea-End of Kim’s regime, hyper-secretive country, relation with The USA

NITI Aayog-The Think Tank of India

New India @75

SDG India Index Baseline Report

Health System for New India

Move Summit Reports

Three Year Action Agenda

Most Important Government Schemes II

Most Important Government Schemes I

Provisions of National Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs)

National Mineral Exploration Policy

National Health Policy

Modi Government’s Schemes and Policy

NITI Aayog’s Draft National Energy Policy

National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy

New Aviation Policy

National Disaster Management Plan

Hydrocarbon Vision 2030 for North-East

Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy

Triple Talaaq act

The Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill 2018

Model Agricultural Produce and Livestock Marketing (Promotion & Facilitation) Act, 2017

Geospatial Information Regulation Bill

Land Acquisition Act and Reforms

GST Bill

Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2017

Juvenile Justice Act, 2015

Anti-Hijacking Bill

Compensatory Afforestation Fund Bill, 2015

Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2015

Regional Centre for Biotechnology Bill, 2016

Industries (Development and Regulation) Amendment Bill, 2015

Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and services) Bill, 2016

SC and ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Rules, 2016

Representation of the People Act, 1950

Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2015

Model Shops and Establishments (Regulation of Employment and conditions of Service) Bill, 2016

Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code Bill 2016

Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojna (PM-KISAN)

Ayushman Bharat – National Health Protection Mission

Indradhanush Scheme for Banks

Pandit Deendayal Upadhyay Shramev Jayate Karyakram

Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

Gram Uday se Bharat Uday Abhiyaan

Smart Cities Mission

Agriculture Marketing in India

Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme

Rurban Mission

Project Sunrise

Ganga Gram Yojana



UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics



In Indian Polity Mind maps

Historical background

Constituent assembly




Fundamental Rights


Fundamental Duties


Constitution amendment

Central govt

State govt

Local govt

Electoral Bonds

Expenditure limit in elections

Article 324

Election of Speaker of Lok Sabha

Article 15

Resolution passed by Parliament

Reorganization of the state of Jammu and Kashmir

Surrogacy Regulation Bill

The Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019

Consumer Protection Bill, 2019

National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Bill, 2019

The Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019

The Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2019

Article – 371

Motihari-Amlekhgunj Petroleum Pipeline

Companies (Amendment) Act, 2019

The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019

Article – 142

Legislative Council

Speaker of Legislative Assembly

Police commissioner system

Chief of Defense Staff (CDS)

126th Constitution Amendment

Comparison between various posts/bodies with respect to Tenure, Appointment, and Removal




UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics



In Indian Culture:


A quick reading of all chapters (all are important)

[Table] Classical Dances in India

Intangible cultural heritage

Passover Festival

Stamps on Ramayana

Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar

Thrissur Pooram Festival

Walled City of Jaipur


Dravidian style of Temple Architecture

Creative City

Annam Lamp

Nachiyar Kovil

Thanjavur Painting

Madhubani Painting

Dances of Gujarat

Film “Parasite”



UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics



In Indian Economy:







Public Finance

External Sector


Autonomy of RBI

Employment Elasticity

The future of crypto-financing in India

Universal Basic Income

India’s Infrastructure needs and the Smart Cities Mission

Asia Africa Growth Corridor

EPF Tax Issues


Cashless Economy

Economic Survey

Union Budget

Payment and Settlement Systems in India: Vision-2018

India Post Payments Bank

Reforms in FDI Policy

National Capital Goods Policy 2016

Inflation and its dynamics

CRR, SLR, Repo Rate, Reverse Repo Rate, Bank Rate

4th Industrial Revolution

New Silk Route

14th Finance Commission Recommendations

Stand Up India Scheme

Agriculture Schemes

NBFC Guidelines

Double Taxation Avoidance Treaties with other countries

Union Budget 2019-20

Economic Survey 2019-20

Union Budget 2020-21

Generalized System of Preferences (GSP)

Debt Fund

Hybrid Annuity Model (HAM)

Bharat 22 ETF

Catastrophe Bonds

Elephant Bonds

Zero Budget Agriculture

Sovereign Bonds

GI tag for Rasgulla

Poverty Index

Gig workers

Aggregator firm

Global Hunger Index

Ease of doing business index

Randomized Control Trial

Non banking financial companies

15th Finance Commission

Adjusted Gross Revenue (AGR)

Farmer producer organization (FPO)


Blue dot network




UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics



In Environment:


Biodiversity conservation (National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries, Biosphere reserves etc)

India’s conservation measures (Environmental Legislations, authorities, organisations, etc.)

International conservation measures (Important environmental organisations, agreements, etc.)

Global Environmental Threats (Climate change, oil spills, coral bleach, pollution, etc.)

Threatened species in India (Critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable species)

Conference of the Parties (COP)-14

Density of forest

Avian botulism

Ramsar site

Wildlife Protection Act, 1972

Cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus)

State of India’s Birds Report, 2020

Great Indian Bustard

National Disaster Management Authority

Disaster Management Act, 2005




UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics



In Ancient Indian History:


Indus Valley Civilisation

Aryans and Vedic Period

Post-Vedic Period

Foreign Invasions

Mauryan Empire

Central Asian Contact

Gupta Empire

Philosophical Developments




UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics



In Medieval Indian History:


Early Medieval India (700 – 1200 AD)

Delhi Sultanate (1206 – 1526)

Vijayanagar & Bahmani Kingdoms (1350 – 1565)

Mughal Empire (1526-1857)




UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics



In Modern Indian History:


Socio-religious reforms in the 19th century

Indian National Movement – 19th to 20th century

Important personalities of modern India and their associations with various events, organisations, and publications

1857 Revolt and Associated Leaders

Social Reforms in the Indian Society and related Acts

Indian National Congress and its meetings

India After the arrival of Mahatma Gandhi

Life of Mahatma Gandhi and the Movements

HSRA and associated leaders

Bengal Partition and Delhi Darbar

List of Governor General and Associated Works

Muslim League

Puna Pact

Simon Commission

Social Personalities

Education under British

Agriculture Taxing Structure under Britishers

Agrarian Revolts


Heisei Era and Reiwa Era

William Finch

Umbrella movement

Houthi rebels





UPSC Prelims 2020 Important Topics



In Geography:


World Geography – Important facts for prelims (Countries & borders, Forest types, etc.)

Indian Geography – Important facts for Prelims (forest types, rivers, etc)

M (Messier) 87

Luzon Island

Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Project

Notre-Dame de Paris

16 Psyche

Bab-el-mandeb Strait

Cyclone Hikka

Cyclone Bulbul

Tropical Storm Imelda

Cyclone Kyarr

Typhoon Faxai

Typhoon Hagibis

Hurricane Dorian

Storm Gloria

Storm Ciara


Atal Tunnel


Western disturbance



UPSC CSE 2020: 75 Days Crash Course to Maximise Prelims Score



UPSC Civil Services Preliminary Exam 2020 Complete Study Material GS Paper-1



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