Protesting is a fundamental right: UN

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains II and III – International Conventions 


  • Demonstrations over issues like political rights and racial justice, protesting peacefully, online or in person, is a fundamental human right. 
  • Article 21 of International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) – guarantees the right to peaceful assembly 

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) 

  • It is a multilateral treaty adopted by the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) 
  • The ICCPR is monitored by the United Nations Human Rights Committee 
  • The covenant commits its parties to respect the civil and political rights of individuals, including the right to life, freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of assembly, electoral rights and rights to due process and a fair trial 
  • The ICCPR is part of the International Bill of Human Rights, along with the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) 
  • It became effective in 1976 

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