RAS Mains Exam Daily Test 20/12/2018

RAS/RTS Mains Exam Practice Question

Q. 1 Zero Base Budgets

Zero-based budgeting is a method of budgeting in which all expenses must be justified and approved for each new period.

The process of zero-based budgeting starts from a “zero base,” and every function within an organization is analyzed for its needs and costs.

Q. 2 Write the limitations of Auditing

Due to the inherent limitations of audit, auditors are only able to offer reasonable assurance’ over the truth and fairness of the financial statements rather than absolute assurance.

Following are a few limitations of auditing −

Rely on Experts − An Auditor has to rely on experts like engineers, valuers and lawyers for estimation and valuation of fixed assets and estimation of contingent liabilities.

Efficiency of Management − An Auditor does not comment on the efficiency of management working in client organization; no comments on future performance of an organization can be made through audited financial statements.

Checking of All Transactions − It is not possible for an Auditor to check all business transactions especially in big organizations where the number of transactions is very high. An Auditor has to rely on sampling and test checking.

Additional Financial burden − An organization has to bear additional financial burden on account of any fees and other such expenses for conducting an audit.

Not Easy to Detect Some Frauds − It is not easy for an Auditor to detect deeply laid frauds like forgery, misstatements and non-recording of transactions.

Q. 3 what is Geographical Indication (GI)? List down the GI Tag in Rajasthan

A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which corresponds to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country). GI’s have been defined in GIs have been defined under Article 22(1) of the WTO Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) Agreement. A GI is registered for an initial period of ten years, which may be renewed from time to time.

India being member of WTO enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999 or protection of geographical indications in India. The act came into force with effect from 15th September 2003. Darjeeling Tea was the first Indian product to get the geographical indication tag.

Geographical Indications in Rajasthan

S.No.GIFamous Places in Rajasthan
2Kota DoriaKota
3Blue PotteryJaipur
4Molela Clay WorkMolela, Nathdwara (Rajsamand)
5Kathputli of RajasthanRajasthan
6Sanganeri Hand Block PrintingJaipur
7Bikaneri BhujiaBikaner
8Kota Doria (Logo)Kota
9Bagru Hand Block PrintJaipur
10Thewa Art WorkPratapgarh
11Makrana marbleMakrana, Nagaur

Q. 4 which district forms the main part of Banas basin? Write its tributaries.

Answer: Banas River Basin extends over parts of Jaipur, Dausa, Ajmer, Tonk, Bundi, Sawai Madhopur,Udaipur, Rajsamand, Pali, Bhilwara and Chittorgarh Districts.

  • It has an area of 45,833 Sq. KM and drained by the River Banas

Banas River & its Tributaries


  • Berach
  • Kothari
  • Khari
  • Dai
  • Sohadra
  • Morel
  • Mashi
  • Kalisil
  • Dheel

5. Write the name of Wildlife Sanctuaries in Rajasthan?


Bund Baretha Wild life Sanctuary

Bhainsrorgarh wildlife Sanctuary             

Bassi Wildlife Sanctuary

Sitamata wildlife Sanctuary                  

Darrah wildlife Sanctuary                   

Shergarh Wildlife sanctuary                 

Jawahar Sagar, Wildlife Sanctuary

Mount abu wildlife sanctuary                

Kumbhalgarh Wildlife Sanctuary             

Kailadevi Wildlife Sanctuary

Sambhar Wildlife Sanctuary                 

Jamwa Ramgarh Wildlife Sanctuary

Sawai Mansingh wildlife Sanctuary          

National Chambal Wildlife Sanctuary         

Ramgarh Vishdhari Wildlife Sanctuary

6. Write short notes on National Parks of Rajasthan.

  1. Desert National Park
  2. Keoladeo National Park
  3. Ranthambore National Park
  4. Sariska National Park

1. Desert National Park

  • Desert National Park, Rajasthan, India,is situated in the West Indian state of Rajasthan near the town of Jaisalmer.
  • This is one of the largest national parks, covering an area of 3162 km².
  • Park is an excellent example of the ecosystem of the Thar Desert and its diverse fauna.
  • Sand dunes form around 20% of the Park.
  •  The major landform consists of craggy rocksand compact salt lake bottoms, intermedial areas and fixed dunes which are quite suitable for the chinkara to move at high speed. The blackbuck is another common antelope of this region. Its other notable inhabitants are the desertfox, Bengal fox and wolf and desert cat.

Sudashri forest post is the ideal place for observing the wildlife of Desert National Park and is the most suitable in the entire 3162 sq. kms.

Birdlife in this sandy habitat is vivid and spectacular. Birds such as the sandgrouse, partridges, bee-eaters,larks and shrikes are commonly seen. Demoiselle crane and houbara arrive in the winter. The birds of prey seen here are tawny and steppe eagles, long legged and honey buzzards, falcons and kestrels. But the most outstanding of the avifauna is the great Indian bustard. This tall, heavy bird is an epitome of confidence and grace. It is good to see five or six bustards near Sudashri water hole

2. Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan

Area: 232sq.km/2,873 hectares

Established: 1956 as a bird sanctuary, 1981 as a national park

The Keoladeo Ghana National Park or Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary lays between two of India’s most historic cities- Agra and Jaipur. The name Keoladeo is derived from the name of an ancient Hindu temple devoted to Lord Shiva in the sanctuary’s central zone while the Hindi term ‘Ghana’ implies dense, thick areas of forest cover.

  • Prince Bhamji of Morvi state in Gujarat converted this area into a world famous wildlife reserve.
  • Duck shoots were organised in the are a every year by the rulers of Bharatpur, in honour of Viceroy Lord Curzon and his party on 1st December, 1902. The exploits of all visiting dignitaries since 1902 have been engraved on stone plaques standing near the Keoladeo temple.

Largest number of birds (4273) was killed on 12th November, 1938, by Lord Linlithgow, Viceroy & Governor General of India and his party. After independence, this reserve was notified as a bird sanctuary but the former rulers of Bharatpur continued to enjoy their shooting rights over the area till 1972. The area was notified as a National Park in 1981 but made effective only in November, 1982.

Conservation efforts originally started by Dr. Salim Ali received a further impetus when the area was deemed a national park in March 1982. In 1985, Bharatpur was accepted as a World Heritage Site.

Ranthambore National Park, Rajasthan

  • One of the largest national parks in north India, Ranthambore is the wildlife paradise for most of the nature lovers.
  •  It is the place where one can find the tremendous amount of tiger species, an exotic land for the specific tiger tours which is called the Ranthambore Tiger Reserve.

The Sawai Madhopur district area of southeastern Rajasthan is the place to explore the widest ranges of tiger species. The park is 110 km away from north east of Kota and is 130 km southwest of Jaipur.

Established in 1955, as the SawaiMadhopur Game Sanctuary, the park was declared as the Project Tiger Reserve in the year 1973. In 1980, Ranthambore was declared as the national park.

  • With dry deciduous types of vegetation, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve brings around 300 species of floras at its explicit areas.
  • Seasonally these deciduous varieties bring lush foliages around the corners of the reserve with Anogeissus pendula forests – a dominant tree species.

Ranthambore is basically known for the presence of ample amount of tiger species. This makes an easy tiger safari tour for the keen tiger lovers. Along with that the other major wild species makes this ranges more flourished for an amazing safari tour. The other wild species along with the majestic tigers one can find here are leopard, Nilgai, wild boar, sambar, hyena, sloth bear and chital. It is also home to wide variety of trees, plants, birds and reptiles.

Sariska National Park, Rajasthan

Area: 800 sq. km (with a core area of 498 sq km).

Established: 1958 as a sanctuary, 1979 as a tiger reserve and 1982 as a national park

Sariska National Park lies in the Aravalli hills and is the former hunting preserve of the Maharaja of Alwar.

  • Sariska it self is a wide valley with two large plateaus and is dotted with places of historical and religious interest, including the ruins of the Kankwari Fort,the 10th century Neelkanth temples, the Buddha Hanuman Temple near Pandupol, the Bharthari Temple near the park office, and the hot and cold springs of Taal vriksha.
  • The large Siliserh Lake is at the north-eastern corner.
  • The forests are drying deciduous, withtrees of Dhak, Acacia, Ber and Salar.
  • The Tigers of Sariska are largely nocturnal and are not as easily seen as those of Ranthambore.
  • The park also has good populations of Nilgai, Sambar and Chital. In the evenings, Indian Porcupine, Striped Hyena,Indian Palm Civet and even Leopard are sometimes seen.

7. What type of climate is there in Rajasthan?

1. The climate of Rajasthan keeps varying throughout the state. In the desert areas, it is usually hot and dry in summer and cold during the winters. Coming to the Aravali range, to the west,both rainfall and humidity are low.

2. Rajasthan is one of the hottest states of India. In Rajasthan, climatic conditions vary throughout the year.Rajasthan weather is usually hot and dry, yet one can see four distinct seasons in this state. These can be classified as summers, Monsoons, autumn(Post-monsoon) and winters.

3. The Climate of Rajasthan in northwestern India is generally arid or semi-arid and features fairly hot temperatures over the year with extreme temperatures in both summer and winter.

4. Due to the Desert Geography, Temperatures frequently climb above 40 to 45 degrees Celsius in most places.

5. Due to its location Rajasthan has summers as the longest season.

6. The cold weather commences early in October and comes to an end in the middle of January. The climate in the cold weather is pleasant to very cold.

7. The state has two distinct periods of rainfall: rainfall due to the South-West Monsoon after summer and rainfall due to Western Disturbances.

8. Write Notes on Most Famous/remembered & decisive Battles of Rajasthan

Rajasthan is predominantly known for its royal kings and their lifestyles that also can be seen through their gorgeous and stunning architectures all through the state which have been a matter of prestige for the entire country. The state used to be home of almost all of the Chauhan rulers and the prominent Rajput Kings and they were known for their bravery and valor. The Rajput women were also known for their dignified lifestyle and love for their motherland and many times they sacrificed their lives to save their modesty. And these sagas cannot get completed until we know about the fierce battles of the state that captures an important part of the history of India.  It happened many times and with many opponents i.e. Delhi rulers, Mughals and outside invaders but the Rajputs always fought bravely for their motherland.

Most remembered & decisive Battles of Rajasthan

The Battle of Tarain (1191& 1192)

These battles were fought between Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Ghori and the battles have a prominent mark inthe Indian history. These two battles were fought in the years 1191 and 1192 consecutively near the town of Tarain in Haryana, between a Mohammad Ghori whoseforce led by Mu’izz al-Din and between Prithviraj Chauhan. During the first battles Prithviraj Chauhan won and recaptures the fortress of Bhatinda and in the second battle the victory flags were elevated by the Ghurid troops and Mu’izz al-Din force took over the Bihar province, and both the battles are known as one of the most decisive battles of India but not only Rajasthan.

Siege of Chittor (1303)

The Rajput Kings fought with Alauddin Khilji many times as the Delhi ruler had many battles with the Rajputs for different reasons. There were many Rajput kings who were killed by the Delhi Sultan while fighting to stop the invasion of the kind in his kingdom and eventually he was killed and was defeated. But the siege of Chittor was a major one. As the Delhi fallen for the Queen of Chittor Rani Padmini and got obsessed over her beauty and wanted to take here into his harem. But according to theoetic tale of Padmavat her husband Raja Ratan Singh was killed while protecting her and Queen Padmini committed Jauhar when he attacked the Chittorgarh Fort.

Battle of Nagaur (1455)

This was fought between the Nagaur Sultanate and the Rajputs of Mewar. The battle started as a dispute between the two brothers of the sultans of Nagaur which led to a fight between Mujahid Khan and Shams Khan, and they later on the latter was defeated by his brother Shams Khan and took aid from Rana Kumbha the ruler of Mewar. But later on Rana Kumbha ought for the capital and took back the capital of Nagaur from him. He took the entire treasury of Shams Khan in form of precious stones and precious jewelry.

Battle of Dholpur (1519)

This battle was fought between Rana Sanga and Ibrahim Lodi. This battle was previously fought between the same two in the year in Khatoli and even in this battle Rana Sanga won and in this consecutive battle was for the Dholpur kingdom and Ibrahim Lodi’s army and it lead to the surrender of the entire army and also the surrendered various properties and many other places that was captured by him. All of them were captured by Rana Sanga after he won te second battle with the sultan.

Invasion of Mewar (1520)

This battle was led by the Gujrat Sultan Muhammad shah II and his fight was with Rana Sanga. The sultan found the Rajput kings a threat and that actually forced him to attack the king of Mewar when he returned from his movement in Gujarat. The sultan led with a massive army of 100 elephants and 10,000 people and attacked the king which gradually sieged one by one the kingdom of the Rajputs such as Dungarpur and Banswara. And as a result the Rajput king stopped Malik Ayas but failed and Dungarpur and Banswara kingdom sacked.

Battle of Chittor (1567)

This battle was again to obstruct the roots of Chittorgarh and this time it was made by the great Mughal King Akbar. And this was a fierce battle between Akbar and the Hindu Rajputs. This was a massive fight between the two and the volume of the fighters were huge as Akbar’s defenses expanded to more 50,000 men and increased to 60,000 troops during the late phases of the attack, and eventually ended in a significant victory of the Mughals. Akbar attacked the Rajputs because the Rajputs became prevailing power after the defeat of Lodi Dynasty a strong contender of the Mughals.

Siege of Ranthambore (1568)

This was a famous siege of the Rajput history that was made by the Mughal king Akbar on the Ranthambore Fort and he was led by a huge army of more than 50,000 men. Akbar thought that Ranthambore Fort was a major risk to Mughal Empire because it was home to the great Hada Rajputs who called themselves as the enemies of the Mughals. And before that Akbar already won the battle of Thanesar and Chittorgarh captured the Ranthambore fort and forced to surrender the Rajput leader Rai Surjan Hada. The battled recorded the use of the largest cannons by the Mughal army.

Battle of Haldighati (1576)

This is one of the major battles in the history of Rajasthan which is mostly remembered of the valor of Maharana Pratap and it was fought by another Rajput Man Singh but he led the forces of Mughal emperor Akbar. Pratap fought fearlessly against the Mughal army and it was continued for four hours but as the Mughal army got themselves in problem as they faced some rumors of Akbar’s hiding in a tunnel. But after two days of fight Maharana got isolated as Man Singh conquered Gogunda and started overtaking all the other capitals including Kumbhalgarh and Udaipur.

Battle of Maonda and Mandholi (1767)

This battle was fought between the Jat rulers of Bharatpur Jawahar Singh and the Rajput ruler Sawai Raja Madho of Amer. The Jat maharaja was leading an army on his way back from Pushkar from Bharatpur when the forces of Sawai Raja Madho Singh attacked them near Maonda and Mandholi. The battle was all about social status and the Rajput king defeated the Jat ruler. This battle lost more than 5000 lives of men who fought against each other and there were many Kachwaha Rajput kings who fought in this battle to make it more memorable.

Battle of Malpura (1800)

Again this battle was between the two groups which were the alliance of the Rajput kings i.e. the Kings of Jaipur which was ruled by the Kachhawas and Jodhpur which was ruled by the Rathoresand Gwalior kingdom which was ruled by the Scindia Marathas. The battle was the result of a crunch between the two governments and lead to a fierce battle. The battle result to the defeat by the Marathas and eventually it lead to sign a treaty to the British of the Jaipur kings and the roots of the battle developed between the increasing sour relationship of Jaipur and Gwalior Scandia’s Government due to debt of money.

9. What was Role of Rajasthan in the Freedom Movement of India?

In today’s Rajasthan (the then Rajputana) province there are many princely states and different sections of the society contributed in their own way to the fight for independence. Few of them are mentioned below-

Lothoo Ram Jat, a farmer is regarded as the Robin Hood of the Shekhawati region. It is believed that he created the grounds of the Revolution of 1857 in Shekhawati region. Tatya Tope was highly impressed from Lothoo and his team and he has all the hopes from them regarding the Revolt in Shekhawati region. However, unfortunately Lothoo Ram Jat died 2 years before the actual revolution began and his team surrendered after his death.

Har lal Singh was an agitator for the farmers’ movement in colonial India. He was the member of Jat Mahasabha created by British to repress Jats from 1925-1929. In the 1940s, he was appointed as the president of the famous political protest movement, the Praja Mandal. Being the president, he performed as an important channel between the urban and peasant communities in their combined efforts for the freedom of India from British rule. After the independence, the Praja Mandals became an integral part of the Indian National Congress. He got appointed as the organiser by the Rajasthan Pradesh Congress Committee in the princely state of Jaipur.

Sagarmal Gopa was a freedom fighter and patriot born in affluent Brahmin family in Jaisalmer. Being a follower of Mahatma Gandhi, he actively took part in the non-cooperation movement in 1921.He was driven out of Jaisalmer and Hyderabad. However, even in the exile, he continued to work from Nagpur. He was arrested on 25 May 1941 on his return to Jaisalmer after his father’s death. He was tortured for 5 years in the prison.On 4 April 1946, he was burnt to death at the age of 46.

Rao Tula Ram was born in a family of Jagirdars. He is credited with temporarily driving out the British from Northern-Rajasthan and South-Haryana for the cause of 1857 rebellion. He was great leader, a good administrator and skilled military commander. He left India after the uprising of 1857 ended and met with the rulers of Afghanistan and Iran. He also contacted Tsar of Russia to seek help in forcing out the british from India. However, his plans could not be fulfilled due to his sudden death from dysentery at the age of 38 on 3 September 1863.

10. Write Short notes on Ramsnehi Sect.


Shri Ramsnehi Sampradaya was founded by reverend Jagadguru Swami ji Shri 1008 Shri Ramcharan Ji Maharaj. The essence of the preaching of this sect is to inculcate and develop divine virtues in followers and public such as love of Ram (God),kindness, politeness, forgiveness, truthfulness, satisfaction, etc. It is the belief of this sect that their founder provided to the whole world, the name”RAM”, considered to be the holy name of the sol which takes place in the innermost part of the heart of everybody. Their founder showed  the ways of meeting Ram in clear words, He told people that there is no need to discover “RAM” as ‘RAM’ is present everywhere. There is no place where ‘RAM’ is not present. ‘RAM’ is present in every inch of the world and is in every particle of the atom. Their founder advised people to become alert and repeat the name ‘RAM’ again and again and not to lose the smallest part of time of the life which is present in the innermost part of every soul and mixed up with it.The world RAM is the key mantra for the Ramsnehi Sampradaya. This sect preaches that by listening and saying RAM with your heart, releases all distress and gives extreme joy in life because all is RAM and RAM is in all. RAM is the start of worship.

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