Ancient History of Rajasthan

The history of Rajasthan dates back around 5000 years. The Bhil and the Mina tribes are said to be its original inhabitants and the first Aryan settlement was established here. Ancient History of Rajasthan or ancient rajasthan or Rajasthan ancient history complete study material for all competitive exams preparation.

Ancient History of Rajasthan for RPSC RAS/RTS and other exams

The recorded ancient history of Rajasthan dates back to 1200 AD. It was ruled over by the various dynasties including Mauryan Empire (321-184 BC) followed by the first Rajput dynasty during 700 AD. Rajput clans consolidated their rule (eighth – twelfth century AD) with 21 dynasties. So the region got named as Rajputana (the land of the Rajputs). Later period (1000-1200 AD) is marked by wars for supremacy among the Parmars, Chalukyas, and Chauhans rulers.

Stone Age tools dating from 5,000 to 2, 00,000 years were found in Bundi and Bhilwara districts of the state.

The ancient civilised history of Rajasthan goes back to 5,000 years ago when in the present day districts of Jhunjhunu and Sikar, along with other areas of Jaipur district bordering south Haryana, which formed the part of Vedic state of Brahmavarta along with districts of Mahendragarh and Rewari in Haryana, that Vedic seers started composing Vedic scriptures, which form part of Sanatan Dharma, the base of present-day Hinduism. Revered Saraswati and Drishadwati rivers formed the then Brahmavarta state. Drishadwati River is identified as the Vedic Drishadwati by Bhargava. Parts of Rajasthan may have been occupied by the Indus Valley Civilization (Harappans).

Excavations at Kalibanga in northern Rajasthan around 1998 revealed the existence of human settlements of Harappan times on the banks of a river that dried up later, which some people believe to be the Saraswati, archaeologists hope the Saraswati will unlock mysteries of the past. Rajasthan’s geographic position in India has caused it to be affected by the expansionist efforts of various empires. It was a part of the Maurya Empire around 321-184 BCE.

The state of Rajasthan in India has a history dating thousands of years. It was the site of the Indus Valley Civilization. The early medieval period saw the rise many Rajput kingdoms like Chauhans of Ajmer, Guhilot and Sisodias of Mewar, Rathores of Marwar. Later the region came under suzerainty of the Mughal Empire. The Mughals granted high positions to Rajput rulers who allied with them. However, some Rajput kingdoms did not accept Mughal suzerainty and were constantly at war with them. The Mughal rule effectively ended in the 18th century, in Rajasthan and Maratha influence grew in the region.

In this medieval era (1200 AD), this region formed a part of Mughal Empire. Modern era starts with the British rule from 1817 to 15th August, 1947 when India became independent.


Ancient History of Rajasthan


(Stone Age to 700 A.D.)Paleolithic age  Mesolithic Age  Chalcolithic Age  
Mahajanapadas of Rajasthan  Some Other Janapada of Rajasthan  Mauryan Period  Post Mauryan Period  
Gupta Period  Post Gupta Period (Huns, Vardhan and Gurjars)  Mesolithic sites in Rajasthan          Neolithic Age in Rajasthan (5,000 BC – 1,000 BC)  
Indus Valley Civilization (3500 BC – 2500 BC)  Kalibangan CivilizationsBhinmal CivilizationsGilund Civilizations
Ganeshwar CivilizationsIshwal CivilizationsBairath CivilizationsBalathal Civilizations
Aahar River CivilizationsBagore CivilizationsRangmahal CivilizationsOjiyana Civilizations
Nagari CivilizationsTilwara CivilizationsBarore CivilizationsAhar – Banas Culture of Rajasthan
Important Sites of Ahar-Banas CultureEarly Historic Phase (5 – 3 BC)  The Ochre Colored Pottery or OCP culture  Rajasthan during Vedic Period (1500 BC – 500 BC)  
Rig Vedic or Early Vedic Period (1500-1000 BC)  Later Vedic Period or Iron Age (1000-600 BC)  Vedic Age or Iron Age in Rajasthan:  Rajasthan during Mahajanapads Period (600 BCE -300 BCE)  
Rajasthan after Alexander Invasion (326 BC)  Maurya Rule in Rajasthan (321-184 BCE)  Rajasthan in Gupta Period  Huna Emipre in Rajasthan  
Vardhana Emipre  Gurjara Kingdom  The Origin of Rajputs  Foreign origin theory of Rajputs  
Mixed Origin Theory  Kshatriyas theory of origin  Agnikula Theory    Pratiharas of Mandore  
Pratiharas of Bhinmal (Jalore)  The Chauhan Dynasty  Chauhans of Shakambhari  Battles of Tarain  
Chauhans of RanthamboreThe Chauhans of Ranthambore and Delhi Sultans  Chauhans of Jalore  The Kingdom of Mewar  
Guhils of Chittorgarh  Battle of Rajasthan: 738 AD    

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