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1. Functionalism regards society as a system, which means
(a) That the terms, society and system are inter changeable.
(b) That the parts of society are discrete and isolated.
(c) That society is the only example of a category called system.
(d) That society is divided into a number of parts which are inter-connected.
2. According to functionalist school of thought human nature is just like
(a) Natural gas
3. Whose statement is this?
‘A social relationship will be called ‘communal’ in and so far as the orientation of social action – whether in the individual case, on the average, or in the pure type, is based on a subjective feeling of the parties, whether effectual or traditional, that they belong together. A social relationship will be called ‘associative’ if the orientation of social action within it rests on a rationally motivated adjustment of interest?
(a) T. Parsons
(b) K. Marx
(c) M. Weber
(d) F. Tonnies
4. For Weber, all human action is directed by
(c) Meaning and motive
5. If a person physically assaults another, it is an example of
(a) Affective action
(b) Brave action
(c) Rational action
(d) Fearful action
6. Absorption of culture is similar to
7. A person who participates in a group without ever becoming a member of that group is called
(a) Marginal man
(b) Distance man
(c) Distant man
(d) Symbolic man
8. The area in which similar cultural traits are found may be called as
(a) Cultural state
(b) Cultural region
(c) Cultural area
(d) Cultural territory
9. The regular movement of pastoral nomads with their livestock in search of fresh pasturage may be termed as
10. ‘Cultural ethos’ stands for
(a) The world – view of society
(b) The world – view of a people
(c) The world – view of culture
(d) The world-view of transaction
11. ‘After marriage come the children’. This statement signifies
(a) Post-nuptial stage
(b) Formative stage
(c) Nuptial stage
(d) Pre-nuptial stage
12. The word ‘family’ has been derived from the word ‘famulus’ which is
13. A family remained an economic unit of production before
(a) The Muslim rule in India
(b) the communist revolution of soviet Russia
(c) India became free
(d) The industrial revolution
14. Family in the medieval ages used to perform only
(a) religious function
(b) economic function
(c) educational function
(d) religious economic and educational functions
15. Joint family system gives support to
(a) Widow marriage
(b) Widower marriage
(c) Child marriage
(d) Late marriage
16. The Industrial Revolution in England took place through
(a) wool industry
(b) mining industry
(c) cotton industry
(d) lumbering industry
17. The industrial system of production is distinguished from other systems on the basis of availability of
(a) skilled labour
(b) means of production
(d) inanimate source of energy
18. The concept of urban recycling refers to
(a) pollution control mechanisms
(b) relocation of industries in the city
(c) renovation of old buildings and construction of new units
(d) relocation of the city at another site
19. Individuals are unlikely to have high levels of political participation if they believe that the outcome of events will be satisfactory without their involvement. Who has suggested this?
(a) C.W. Mills
(b) R. Dahl
(c) B. Wilson
(d) Lester Milbrath
20. Who has written the book “The White Umbrella – Indian Political thought from Manu to Gandhi”?
(a) B.R. Ambedkar
b) Jyotiba Phule
(c) D.M. Brown
21. Which book has a good account of the influence of factions, caste and other forces upon state politics?
(a) Social structure
(b) Factional politics in an Indian state. The congress party in Uttar Pradesh
(c) Indian social structure
(d) Caste and politics: A case study of Tamil Nadu Assembly
22. An acephalous society is one in which
(a) members have low intelligence
(b) there is no formal head
(c) there is no political system
(d) anarchy prevails
23. When inherent superiority of a people over another is legitimised in terms of biological attributes, it is called
(d) cultural pride
24. The narratives pass down in oral transmission is termed as
(d) none of the above
25. Weber’s concept of power is
(a) ‘Idealistic’ power
(b) ‘Idiosyncratic’ power
(c) ‘Zero-Sum’ power
(d) ‘Rationalistic’ power
26. Which one of the following refers to the capacity to take independent action in the face of resistance and confrontation?
27. Vertical social mobility experienced by a family lineage over the course of two or more generations, is called
(a) Co-lateral mobility
(b) Procedural mobility
(c) Inter-generational social mobility
(d) Scale mobility
28. Not only individuals but also whole groups may experience upward or down ward mobility. This phenomenon may be called
(a) Caste mobility
(b) Occupational mobility
(c) Group mobility
(d) Societal mobility
29. Which of the following is not the basis for natural inequality?
30. Gender stratification means
(a) Stratification based on religious value
(b) Stratification in terms of sexual difference
(c) Class difference
(d) Stratification based on caste system
31. Tick the right one
(a) The social stratification theory of Marx and Weber are identical
(b) Weber concentrates on class, party and status, while Marx concentrates on class only
(c) Weber has not said anything on social stratification
(d) Weber’s theory is based on caste, while Marx’s theory is on class
32. ‘Franks’ were inhabitants of
(a) Northern Alps
(b) Rocky mountains
(c) Indes mountains
(d) Mount Fiji
33. Vandls and Moors were found in
(c) North Africa
(d) North America
34. “In tribal life the principal links for the whole society are based on Kinship,” Whose opinion is this?
(b) Lucy Mair
(c) Evans Petchand
(d) Radcliffe Brown
35. The Mundas, Santhals and Hos are identified as distinct tribes on the basis of their____ besides other attributes.
(d) house pattern
36. The characteristics of peasant societies was outlined by
(a) M.N. Srinivas
(b) P.C. Joshi
(c) Theodore Shanin
(d) Henry Maine
37. Who introduced the term kinship for consanguineal relationships, and distinguished it from affinal relationships?
(a) B. Malinowski
(b) A.R. Radcliffe Brown
(c) S.F. Nadel
38. The term denotes thought and action which are conscious in accord with the rules of logic and empirical knowledge, where objective are coherent, mutually consistent and achieved by the most appropriate means. Which term is referred to here?
(a) Behaviour pattern
39. Who do you think has been responsible for the most extensive use of the term in sociology?
In British sociology L.T. Hobhouse incorporated the notion of rationality in its widest sense into his theory of human development as an organic principle which harmonised all aspects of individual and social life.
(a) Marx Weber
(b) W.G. Sumner
(c) Karl Marx
40. The difference between the number of people coming into the area and those going out of that area is called
(a) volume of migration
(b) natural migration
(c) net migration
(d) gross migration
41. Which one of the following measures of fertility can be computed from date on sex and age alone from a single census?
(a) Child-woman ratio
(b) Total fertility rate
(c) Crude birth rate
(d) Age specific fertility rate
42. In a frequency distribution the last cumulative frequency is 300, Median shall lie in:
(a) 140th item
(b) 150th item
(c) 160th item
(d) 130th item
43. Step deviation method to estimate arithmetic mean can be applied only when:
(a) it is a discrete series
(b) it is an individual series we are examining
(c) it is continuous series
(d) deviations are divisible by a common factor
44. The mean monthly salary paid to all employees of a company is Rs.5000. The mean monthly salary paid to male and female employees is Rs.5,250 and Rs.4,000 respectively. The percentage of females in total employees is:
(a) 60 percent
(b) 10 percent
(c) 20 percent
(d) 40 percent
45. The sum of deviations taken from actual arithmetic mean is:
46. The formula for the calculation of the Mode is:
(a) Mode = 3 Mean – 2 Median
(b) Mode = 2 Mdn. – 2 Mean
(c) Mode = 3 Mdn. – 2 Mean
(d) Mode = 4 Mdn. – 3 Mean
47. Consider the following statements:
1. External family consists of two mates of opposite sex and their offspring.
2. Conjugal family consists of two mates of opposite sex and their offspring.
3. Consanguineous family consists of two mates of opposite sex and their offspring.
Which of the statements given above is correct?
(A) 1 only
(B) 2 only
(C) 3 only
48. Which among the following statements is not correct?
(A) In past communities used to be self-sufficient, politically, socially or economically.
(B) No community can be self-sufficient these days
(C) Every community is self-sufficient these days
(D) The term community denotes almost uniformly and permanently shared lives of people over a definite range.
49. Consider the following statements about family:
1. Family regulates sexual behaviour through incest taboo.
2. Family provides ethnics identity.
3. Family serves as an occupational guild.
4. Family provides predictable social contexts within which its children are to be socialized.
Which of the above statements are correct?
(A) 1, 2 and 3
(B) 1, 2 and 4
(C) 1 and 3
(D) 2 and 4
50. Choose the answer by using code to identify Malinowski’s work:
1. ‘Crime and Custom in Savage Society’
2. ‘Argonants of Western Pacific
3. ‘Magic Science, Religion and Other Essays’
4. Sex and Repression
(A) 1, 2
(B) 2 only
(C) 1, 2, 3, 4
(D) 1, 2, 4
51. Those aspects of social life that have to do with order, stability, and social organization that allow societies and groups to hold together and endure are called:
(A) social statics.
(B) social dynamics.
(C) social absolutes.
(D) constructed reality.
52. Which of the following explains about the status of religion in rural society is not correct?
(A) Village economy is dependent on nature
(B) Religious outlook dominates other aspects of rural life
(C) The priestly class does not succeed much in influencing the educated and scientifically awakened people
(D) Religion occupies a core place in all the activities of rural life
53. After Marx, the concept of alienation began more and more to be regarded as a socio-psychological condition of the individual. Who in this context isolated the concept of alienation into powerlessness, meaninglessness, normlessness, isolation and self-estrangement?
(A) Eric Fromm
(B) R. Blauner
(C) M. Seeman
(D) R. K. Merton
54. Who was the person, who deliberated upon the above views?
He introduced the distinction between the law of public delicts and the law of private delict which allowed for a sociological discussion of the different types of sanctions aroused by offences of each type, even when the actual offence may in one society be socially regarded as of a different category from that in another. Murder for instance is a public delict in modern western societies but among some people it is private delict-
(A) R. Brown
(B) B. Malinowski
(D) Anthony Giddens
55. Who defined family in this way?
The family is a group of persons united by the ties of marriage, blood, or adoption; constituting a single household, interacting and intercommunicating with each other in their respective social role of husband and wife, mother and father, brother and sister; creating a common culture’-
(A) L.H. Morgan
(B) Maclver and Page
(C) E.W. Burgess and H.J. Locke
(D) Park and Burgess
56. Identify the sociologist-
A social system basically consists of two or more individuals interacting directly or indirectly in a bounded situation. However, a more specific definition of social system has been given by a noted sociologist, who defines it as consisting in ‘a plurality of individual actor interacting with each other in a situation which has at least a physical or environmental aspect, actors who are motivated in terms of a tendency to the “optimization of gratification” and whose relations to their situations including each other is defined and mediated in terms of a system of culturally structured and shared symbols.’-
(A) A. M. Henderson
(B) Ralf Dahrendorf
(C) Talcott Parsons
(D) Max Weber
57. While analysing the development of ‘self’ who has used the concept ‘significant others’?
58. Which of the following is not one of the criticisms against sociology having its own subject matter?
(a) Sociology is merely a mixture of varied studies disciplines having social content
(b) The subject matter of sociology is disintegrated into various other social sciences
(c) Subject matter of sociology has been derived from many social sciences
(d) The subject matter of sociology is a part of society.
Community and Association:
59. In rural society even now a family is like:
(a) A society
(b) A community
(c) A group
(d) An association
60. In India the institution of family has a trend towards:
(a) Joint family
(b) Single family
(c) Patriarchal family
(d) Matriarchal family
61. These days in India the institution of marriage is weakening because:
(a) Our religious leaders are becoming rigid
(b) Women are becoming economically self-sufficient
(c) Less number of people are liking to marry
(d) People prefer small size family
62. Agriculture was evolved independently in Southeastern, South-western Asia and the New World. This is an example of:
(b) Covergent evolution
(d) Culture area
63. ‘Style of life’ concept which attempts to explain culture integration was given by:
(b) Redcliffe Brown
64. Which one of the following factors is not responsible for cultural Jag?
(c) Political upheavals
65. Who of the following is the author of the book entitled ‘The Decline of the West’?
(a) Oswald Spengler
(b) R.M. Maclver
(c) Nimkoff and Ogbum
(d) Arnold J. Toynbee
66. Culture is a __________ heritage of man:
(d) None of the above
67. Primary groups are __________ whereas secondary groups are_______:
(a) Non-contractual, Non-economic
(b) Relationship-directed, goal-oriented
(c) Formal, spontaneous
(d) Non-political, Ideal
68. The concept of ‘reference-group’ was first given by:
(d) Robert Bierstod
69. Who of the following has said about herd that ‘It is not mode of life but an incident, an eruption, sometimes a disturbance of an established social pattern’?
(a) Gillin and Gillin
(b) K. Young
(c) Kingsley Davis
70. Which of the following does not hold true of the crowd?
(a) There is no question of maintaining discipline
(b) There is definite motive of the crowd
(c) There is no definite motive of the crowd
(d) No efforts are made to maintain interest of the people
71. Which of the following is not the difference between a primary and a secondary group?
(a) In primary group size is small whereas in secondary group it is large
(b) In primary group members are spread in limited area whereas in secondary group over vast area
(c) In primary group relationship between the members is indirect whereas in secondary group it is direct
(d) In primary group members cooperate spontaneously whereas that is not the case with secondary group
72. In our modern society which one of the following is not relevant factor in status?
(a) Extent of distribution of rewards
(b) Hereditary position of the ancestors
(c) Accumulated wealth
(d) Influence in administration
73. Which one of the following is not relevant to status?
(a) It helps in specialisation of functions
(b) It is essential for promotion of responsibility
(c) It is needed for balanced personality development
(d) It helps in developing honesty and integrity.
74. Who has said in relevance to status that, “Every society, no matter how simple or complex, must differentiate persons in terms of both prestige and esteem.”
(b) Gillin and Gillin
(c) Kingsley Davis
75. Status is essential-
(a) For an individual only
(b) For the society as a whole
(c) Neither for the individual nor for the society
(d) Both for the individual and the society
76. ______ refers to formally designated position in a group with officially specified rights and duties.
(a) Formal status
(b) Legal status
(d) Functional status
77. Deviant behaviour of one generation:
(a) is usually same for the other generation as well
(b) can become norm for the other generation
(c) is usually norm of another generation
(d) cannot become norm of another generation
78. About social deviant behaviour it is believed that:
(a) it has direct relationship with family atmosphere
(b) family atmosphere has nothing to do with it
(c) it has indirect relationship with parent-child relationship
(d) none of the above statement is true
79. Physical theory about socially deviant behaviour makes one believe that:
(a) all types of bodies are equally receptive to deviant behaviour.
(b) no body is inclined towards deviant behaviour
(c) some bodies are more exposed to deviant behaviour than the others
(d) some type of bodies will be receptive to deviant behaviour in the same manner
80. Anomic arises due to:
(a) normless confusion in norms
(b) rigidity of norms
(c) group harshnes
(d) individual strictness
81. Beginning of new norms is usually due to:
(a) unhappy family relations
(b) resentment against existing socio-economic
(c) deviant behaviour of few individuals
(d) outdated educational system
82. Which one of the following has not been characterised as a negative function of competition by H.T. Mazumdar?
(a) It may lead to neurosis
(b) It may lead to monopoly
(c) It may lead to conflicts
(d) It may lead to social disharmony
83. Which one of the following is not a true statement about competition?
(a) It enhances one’s ego
(b) It is conducive to efficiency
(c) It prevents undue concentration of powers
(d) It creates respect for rules of the game
84. Which one of the following is not an important function of competition? It helps-
(a) In determining the status of an individual in the hierarchy
(b) To stimulate economy
(c) In promoting monopoly conditions
(d) In inventiveness
85. Which of the following is not the characteristic of competition?
(a) It is found among all the species
(b) It is an inborn tendency
(c) It differs in degree from one society to the other
(d) Its degree is determined by social values