[Sociology Test 10] RPSC College Lecturer Exam 2020

[Sociology Test 10] RPSC College Lecturer Exam 2020Rajasthan Public Service Commission conducts the recruitment for Technical and Non Technical Education Department for the post of Lecture. The Rajasthan Public Service Commission has released the recruitment for Assistant Professor and lecturer (Technical Education) Posts. There are 918 vacancies for these posts. This is a big opportunity for candidates who waiting for jobs in RPSC. It is essential to know details like Exam Pattern, Syllabus, Exam Date, Previous Year Papers, and Admit Card.

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1. Emilee Durkheim’s endeavor to establish sociology as a separate academic discipline centered on his efforts to:

A. Develop an all-encompassing synthesis of major sociological perspectives.

B. Demonstrate the influence of social forces on people’s behavior.

C. Show how an understanding of sociological principles could be used to solve social problems.

D. Chart the evolution of major social institutions.

2. Karl Marx was born in:

A. France

B. Russia

C. Germany

D. Italy

3. The Wages, Labour and Capital’ was written by:

A. Hegel

B. Engels

C. Stalin

D. Karl Marx

4. Communist Manifesto was authored by:

A. Stalin

B. Karl Marx

C. Laski

D. George Bernard Shah

5. Which one of the following is not true about Marxian Socialism?

A. Capital is a theft

B. State will wither away

C. State promotes interests of all

D. State sides with the rich and not the poor

6. According to Karl Marx the present state will:

A. Continue for long

B. Will wither away

C. Deliver goods with the passage of time

D. Slowly benefit the workers

7. Marx believed that in the present capitalist system of society:

A. The number of workers will come down

B. Middle class will become powerful

C. Ranks of middle class will swallow

D. Middle class will form the rank of the workers

8. According to Karl Marx workers:

A. Had no mother land

B. Have a motherland to which they must stick

C. Should confine their activities to their country

D. Should give maximum cooperation to the state

9. Dialectical materialism of Marx believes that:

A. Social phenomena is applicable to political life

B. Social phenomena has nothing to do with political life

C. Social phenomena is antithesis of political life

D. Political Life and social phenomena can’t go hand in hand

10. According to Marxian philosophy dialect:

A. It result of actions and reactions

B. No actions and reactions but matter

C. Means that action and reaction must be in the same direction

D. None of the above

11. According to Karl Marx societies have all along been divided between:

A. The rich and the poor

B. The educated and the elite

C. The religious and the educated people

D. The rich and the religious people

12. According to Marxian theory revolutions come in the society because:

A. The capitalists so desire

B. The religious people manipulate that

C. Continuous class struggle is going on

D. Educated masses get dissatisfied

13. According to Marx value of the commodity would be fixed in accordance with:

A. Capital vested in it

B. Machinery used for production

C. The extent of its dependence on the foreign market

D. The socially useful labour put in it

14. Karl Marx believed that social change can be brought about by:

A. Evolutionary means only

B. Revolutionary means only

C. By spread of education only

D. With the help of both evolutionary and revolutionary methods

15. Marx borrowed from Hegel:

A. Materialistic philosophy

B. The labour theory of value

C. The ideal of stateless society

D. Dialectical method

16. Which sociologist introduced the concept of the sociological imagination?

A. Richard Schaefer

B. Auguste Comte

C. Harriet Martineau

D. C. Wright Mills

17. Durkheim’s research suggested that

A. Catholics had much higher suicide rates than Protestants.

B. There seemed to higher rates of suicide in times of peace than in times of war and revolution.

C. civilians were more likely to take their lives than soldiers.

D. suicide is a solitary act, unrelated to group life.

18. In this sociologist’s hierarchy of sciences, sociology was the “queen” and its practitioners “scientist priests.”

A. Auguste Comte

B. Emilee Durkheim

C. Herbert Spencer

D. Harriet Martineau

19. Which sociologist introduced the concept of anomie to the discipline?

A. Max Weber

B. Herbert Spencer

C. Emilee Durkheim

D. C. Wright Mills

20. Anomie refers to

A. a construct or a made-up model that serves as a measuring rod against which actual cases can be evaluated.

B. the study of small groups.

C. the loss of direction that a society feels when social control of individual behavior has become ineffective.

D. a set of statements that seeks to explain problems, actions, or behavior.

21. Weber taught his students that they should employ what in their intellectual work?

A. anomie

B. Verstehen

C. the sociological imagination

D. microsociology

22. Which sociological perspective holds that if an aspect of social life does not contribute to a society’s stability or survival it will not be passed on from one generation to the next?

A. conflict perspective

B. interactionist perspective

C. microsociology

D. functionalist perspective

23. The holding down of unemployment by universities would be considered what kind of function?

A. dysfuncion

B. manifest function

C. latent function

D. conflict function

24. Which sociological perspective assumes that social behaviour is best understood in terms of tension between competing groups?

A. conflict perspective

B. interactionist perspective

C. microsociology

D. functionalist perspective

25. Which sociological perspective did Katherine Irwin use when studying the tattoo culture?

A. functionalist perspective

B. conflict perspective

C. interactionist perspective

D. all of the above perspectives

26. When Émile Durkheim studied suicide rates, he was not primarily interested in discovering ways to eliminate suicide. In this sense, his research was an example of what kind of sociology?

A. clinical sociology

B. basic sociology

C. conflict sociology

D. applied sociology

27. What is the impact of Social Thought?

A. Religious thought

B. Psychological thought

C. Philosophical thought

D. All of the above

28. What were the intellectual forces operative during the nineteenth century?

A. Rationalism

B. Humanitarianism

C. Empiricism

D. All of them.

29. In which year was Auguste Comte born?

A.1798

B. 1789

C. 1857

D. 1875 .

30. Which is not part of the Law of Three Stages according to Auguste Comte?

A. The Theological stage

B. The Metaphysical stage

C. The Metamorphic stage

D. The Positive Stage

31. Social theory tells us how to?

A. visualise the social universe.

B. visualise the culture of society.

C. learn the history of universe.

D. All of the Above

32. Social theory is

A. about the knowledge of social universe.

B. about the knowledge of culture.

C. about the knowledge of individual.

D. about the knowledge of customs

33. Sociology as a distinct branch of knowledge is said by

A. Adam Smith

B. Auguste Comte

C. Plato

D. None of these

34. Auguste Comte was

A. philosopher

B. doctor

C. scientist

D. None of these

35. The Course of Positive Philosophy published in

A. Five volumes

B. six volumes

C. two volumes

D. None of these

36. Comte introduced

A. Dynamical sociology

B. Static sociology

C. Physics

D. None of these

37. “Elementary subordination” said by

A. Auguste Comte

B. Herbert Spencer

C. Marl Marx

D. None of the above

38. Marx’s intellectual partner was

A. Frederick Engels

B. Herbert Spencer

C. August Comet

D. Max Weber

39. “The Division of Labour” was written by

A. Karl Marx

B. Vilfredo Pareto

C. Emile Durkheim

D. None of the above

40. “The Rule of Sociological Method” was written by

A. Emile Durkheim

B. Georg Simmel

C. Vilfredo Pareto

d. Max Weber

41. The important book “Suicide” was written by

A. Emile Durkheim

B. Plato

C. Adam Smith

D. None of the above

42. “The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life” was masterpiece of

A. Adam Smith

B. Emile Durkheim

C. Talcott Parsons

D. Max Weber

43. Society is “a reality sui generis”, is said by

A. Emile Durkheim

B. Talcott Parsons

C. Plato

D. Spencer

44. “Constraints accounting for suicide were real” in book “Suicide” were explained by

A. Emile Durkheim

B. Adam Smith

C. Vilfredo Pareto

D. Karl Marx

45. “The Elementary Forms of the Religions Life” by Durkheim is

A. analysis of the whole phenomenon of religion

B. analysis of society

C. analysis of totemism system

D. All of above

46. According to Karl Marx main cause responsible for the emergence of social class was

A. economic

B. social

C. religious

D. Political

47. Marx has been criticised for his views about formation of social classes because

A. he has laid too much stress on economic aspect of life.

B. he overestimates the role of social factors in his theories.

C. he gives equal importance to social factors in life.

D. All of the above

48. “The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism” was written by

A. Max Weber

B. Karl Marx

C. Georg Simmel

D. Emile Durkheim

49. Sociology is a science, said by

A. Karl Marx

B. Georg Simmel

C. Max Weber

D. Emile Durkheim

50. According to Marxian philosophy,

A. no class inherits class consciousness.

B. propertied, classes inherit class consciousness.

C. all classes inherit class consciousness.

D. All of the above

51. “Principles of Sociology” was written by

A. Emile Durkheim

B. P.V. Young

C. Herbert Spencer

D. Auguste Comte

52. In “Social Statics”, Spencer gave ideas on

A. Social change

B. Progress

C. culture

D. Religion

53. Spencer pointed out that?

A. Three basic laws are in operation.

B. Society is changing.

C. No law in society.

D. Religion is important

54. “The Structure of Social Action” was written by

A. M. Blalock

B. Hurbert

C. Talcott

D. Weber

55. For Marx, human potential is actualized–

A. when democracy is institutionalized

B. in the objectification of products

C. during the capitalist stage

D. during the primitive state

56. Who among these theorists were the intellectual fountain heads of conflict theories?

A. G. H. Mead and Erving Goff man

B. Karl Marx and Max Weber

C. Emile Durkheim and Herbert Spencer

D. Edward Wilson and Charles Darwin

57. Who suggested that God is society divinized?

A. Max Weber

B. E. E. Evans-Pritchard

C. Auguste Comte

D. Emile Durkheim

58. Which theory among the following states that people are motivated by self-interest in the interactions with other people?

A. Conflict

B. Exchange

C. Interaction

D. Structural

59. “Sociology is the science of understanding of the meaning of social action.” The proceeding statement was made by–

A. Max Weber

B. Auguste Comte

C. Herbert Spencer

D. Emile Durkheim

60. The idea of ‘imperatively coordinated associations’ was given by–

A. Karl Marx

B. Max Weber

C. Lewis Coser

D. Ralph Dahrendorf

61. A group to which a person does NOT belong and toward which the person may feel a sense of competitiveness or hostility is?

(A) An in-group

(B) An out-group

(C) A secondary group

(D) A reference group

(E) A family of orientation

62. A reference group is a group

(A) That strongly influences members’ behavior and social attitudes

(B) To which a person belongs and with which the person feels a sense of identity

(C) That strongly influences a person’s behavior and social attitudes, regardless of whether that individual is an actual member

(D) That consists of two or more people who interact frequently and share a common identity

(E) That actively recruits new members

63. Which of the following concepts is illustrated by the fact that a successful college president need not be effective in designing the college’s promotional brochures and a successful corporate executive need not be able to program the department’s computer system?

(A) Technological employment

(B) Hierarchy of needs

(C) Goal displacement

(D) Division of labor

(E) Human relations

64. Systematic practices developed by social groups to encourage conformity to social norms are referred to as mechanisms of social

(A) Retaliation

(B) Emphasis

(C) Control

(D) Deviance

(E) Status

65. According to Robert Merton’s strain theory, what occurs when people accept society’s goals but adopt disapproved means for achieving them?

(A) Conformity

(B) Innovation

(C) Rebellion

(D) Ritualism

(E) Retreatism

66. The statement “The greater the degree of social harm, the more the offender should be punished” reflects the principle of

(A) Retribution

(B) Social protection

(C) Rehabilitation

(D) Deterrence

(E) Restitution

67. An organized group that acts consciously to promote or resist change through collective action is

(A) a revolution

(B) a civil disobedience group

(C) a social movement

(D) an interest collectivity

(E) a plurality

68. Movements seeking to bring about a total change in society are referred to as

(A) revolutionary

(B) Reform

(C) religious

(D) Alternative

(E) Incremental

69. People who are satisfied with their present condition are LESS likely to seek social change, according to the theory of

(A) Value-added

(B) Resource mobilization

(C) Functionalist

(D) Relative deprivation

(E) Symbolic interactionist

70. Voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a large number of people and that typically violates dominant group norms and values is?

(A) Social change

(B) Organizational behavior

(C) Institutional behavior

(D) Collective behavior

(E) Conformity

71. A relatively large number of people who are in one another’s immediate vicinity is termed a

(A) Mass

(B) Critical mass

(C) Category

(D) Crowd

(E) Reference group

72. The situation in which a teenage boy receives advice from his older sister about how to act on a first date is an example of?

(A) Sociobiology

(B) Acculturation

(C) Socialization

(D) High self-esteem

(E) Deskilling

73. What is Charles Horton Cooley’s term for the way in which a person’s sense of self is derived from the perceptions of others?

(A) Development of personality

(B) The “looking-glass” self

(C) The “I” and the “me”

(D) The human psyche

(E) The “window of life”

74. The process by which a person mentally assumes the role of another person in order to understand the world from that person’s point of view is referred to as?

(A) Generalized others

(B) role-taking

(C) Significant others

(D) Self-concept

(E) Switching

75. According to sociologists, what account(s) for virtually all patterns of human behavior?

(A) Technology

(B) Medical advancements

(C) Culture

(D) Values

(E) Genes

76. Traditions, beliefs, language, and philosophies are all examples of

(A) Material culture

(B) Cultural universals

(C) Cultural values

(D) Nonmaterial culture

(E) Value judgments

77. According to the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis?

(A) Language is a given

(B) Language precedes thought

(C) Language is not related to categories of thought

(D) All of the world’s languages view the world in a similar way

(E) Animals have complex language ability

78. The complex framework of societal institutions and the social practices that make up a society and organize and establish limits on individual behavior are referred to as

(A) Social interaction

(B) Structurally patterned behavior

(C) Social structure

(D) Group interaction

(E) Social control

79. Any physical or social attribute or sign that so devalues a person’s social identity that it disqualifies that person from full social acceptance is a?

(A) norm

(B) Value

(C) Status

(D) Stigma

(E) Meritocracy

80. Which of the following is an ascribed status?

(A) Astronomer

(B) Violinist

(C) Female

(D) College graduate

(E) Grandparent

81. The scholar Auguste Comte?

(A) Is considered to be the founder of sociology

(B) Conducted the first scientific research in sociology

(C) Coined the phrase “survival of the fittest”

(D) Co-authored the text Social Injustice

(E) Is best known for his study of suicide

82. According to sociologist C. Wright Mills, the ability to see the relationship between individual experiences and the larger society is referred to as?

(A) The conflict perspective

(B) Symbolic interaction

(C) Reality perception

(D) The sociological imagination

(E) The scientific vision

83. The first U.S. departments of sociology were established at?

(A) Columbia University and Spellman College

(B) Harvard University and Yale University

(C) University of Chicago and Atlanta University

(D) Howard University and Brown University

(E) Princeton University and the University of Texas

84. George Herbert Mead is one of the founders of the?

(A) Conflict perspective

(B) Symbolic interaction perspective

(C) Functionalist perspective

(D) Feminist perspective

(E) Social control perspective

85. Which of the following was NOT an accomplishment of sociologist W.E.B. Du Bois?

(A) He utilized sociology as a method of social reform.

(B) He helped to found the NAACP (National Association for the Advancement of Colored People).

(C) He conducted a classical sociological study called The Philadelphia Negro: A Social Study.

(D) He founded the second department of sociology in the United States.

(E) He founded the first college for white women in the United States.

86. The extent to which a study or research instrument yields consistent results is

(A) Reliability

(B) The hypothesis

(C) Theory

(D) A hunch

(E) Intuition

87. The process of systematically collecting information for the purpose of testing an existing theory or generating a new idea is?

(A) Research

(B) Polling

(C) Surveying

(D) Data gathering

(E) Spin

88. Any concept with measurable traits or characteristics that can change or vary from one person, time, situation, or society to another is a?

(A) hypothesis

(B) Variable

(C) Problem

(D) Research design

(E) Trait

89. If depression is assumed to be caused by loss of employment, then depression is treated here as

(A) The dependent variable

(B) An inductive variable

(C) The independent variable

(D) A quantitative research variable

(E) A negative variable

90. The research method in which the goal is scientific objectivity and the focus is on numerical data is known as?

(A) Quantitative analysis

(B) Qualitative analysis

(C) Random variation

(D) Secondary analysis

(E) The margin of error

91. In order for societies to produce social change and a better society, Karl Marx believed which of the following was necessary?

(A) Class conflict

(B) Economic conflict

(C) Social conflict

(D) Environmental conflict

(E) Functional imperatives

92. The role of a health club or golf club as a meeting ground for people seeking new business contacts is an example of?

(A) A dialectical function

(B) A manifest function

(C) A latent function

(D) A dysfunction

(E) An opportunistic function

93. Which of the following sociological perspectives views society as a system in which each part contributes to the survival of the entire system?

(A) Functionalist perspective

(B) Conflict perspective

(C) Interactionist symbolic perspective

(D) Postmodern perspective

(E) Feminist perspective

94. Which sociological perspective would study how educational institutions help to maintain the privilege of some groups, while keeping others in a lower position?

(A) Conflict perspective

(B) Functionalist perspective

(C) Symbolic interactionist perspective

(D) Feminist perspective

(E) Rational choice perspective

95. The symbolic interactionist approach views society as?

(A) The result of biological evolution

(B) The result of class conflicts in society

(C) Being determined by social interaction and communication

(D) Complex systems, composed of specialized interdependent parts

(E) Having a limited lifespan in terms of time

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