SOFI 2020 Report on Food Security

Part of: GS Prelims and Mains I and II – Poverty/Health; Social/Welfare issues; Food Security 


  • State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World (SOFI) is a join report issued annually by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the International Fund for Agricultural Development, UNICEF, the World Food Programme and the World Health Organization. 
  • It presents the latest estimates on food insecurity, hunger and malnutrition at the global and regional levels. 

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SOFI 2020 Report highlights: 

  • The 2020 edition continues to signal that significant challenges remain in the fight against food insecurity and malnutrition in all its forms. 
  • A nutrient­-adequate diet costs $2.12  a day 
  • A healthy diet costs more than $4.07 a day 
  • $1.90 a day is the international poverty line threshold 
  • The world is not on track to meet the goal of zero hunger by 2030. 
  • Hundreds of millions of people in India above the international poverty line of $1.90 purchasing power parity (PPP) per person per day cannot afford a healthy or nutritious diet. 

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